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The North-Carolina standard. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 1834-1850, July 31, 1839, Image 1

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THOMAS LORING,
lTOR AND PROPRIETOR
THE CONSTITUTION AND THE UNION OF THE STATES THEY ' "MUST DE PRESERVED,
RALEIGH, N. C. "WEDNESDAY, JULY 31, 1839
T R EE DO L L A, U S:Rl5lV. A 5f N U M.
E D
TERMS.
THE NORTH CAROLINA STANDARD civilized commercial nations has greatly increas
ublished weekly, at three dollars per annum ed, increasing the number of ministers and other
1SLtfahle half-yearly in advance ; but it will be agents to maintain our foreign relations.
-!.-nrir for those living at a distance, or out ot
the State, to pay an entire year n a?"-
neuc53M - ,
subscriber fading to give nonce . 3 aesire u.s-
co 'tinueat the e
he may .1--- i - continued, at the
subscrioeu r r
P .;n rtlnntinnpfl until all arrear-
of tne cuuor, uuj. uiuncu uc uri ,
but no paper wm uc , -
bu no pajjci -
a-es are paid.
"ADVERTISEMENTS, not exceeding o?r-
teen lines, will be inserted one time for one dollar,
,i twenty-five cents for each subsequent insei-
finn: those of greater length in proportion. If the
nu nber of insertions be not marked on them, tney
will be continued until ordered out.
Co:trt , f a : Vr ,nt ja than the
ti rharod txcenty-nce per cent, higher man tne
be caat,-u tat y j v o
u . c l pr rpnt will he made to
a aeuuciiuu ui 3 i - I
who advertise by the year.
T.ptters to the Editor must com free of
nostae. or they may not be attended to.
. -
from thb Washington city globe.
THT! FEDERAL PARTY AINU IHL fcUB-
LIC EXPENDITURES.
Rv 'etters from States where elections are now
thp Pnriil Vhi(r nr.
H"F" B' " .v..... - - - T .
inenf
mors, abandoning tne tneme oi ueiaicauons,
which involves too many of their own devoted
ill . -L
p
ir:ians to te available, rest tneir main atiacits
air st the Administration upon alleged extra-
VHrance in wic iuuih. r(jcui'uiw. m. 10 u
very convenient weapon, however unfair may be
the use made of it. It is easy for the most
rant of their orators, as well as the most kn tvish
to state the amount of expenditures in a given
j'ears of Mr. Monroe's administration, in com
narison with a given year of Mr. Van Buren's.
and because the latter exceed the former, charge
the in"rease. without taking the trouble to inves-
i urate or state the true reason, to the extrava-
oMme of the Administration. It's their evident
hope and expectation that the people whom they crease of the army and navy; an extension of
address will be induced, without inquiry or con- 'he national judiciary; an addition of our Sena
s:der.nion. to iump to the same conclusion, and ors and a large number ol Representatives to
vote asainst the friends of the Administration
on that account In this, as m all other misrep-
rrsentations to mislead the people, they are doom
ed to a signal disappointment.
Washington was President eight years, John
Ad'ims four years, and Mr. Jefferson eight.-
Pv.hody will nowpiestion the -economy of Mr.
TtfTenmCs. administration. Yet the public ex1-
.,m!i'mres u-tder his administration far. exceed
th -se under Washington s.
The expenditures of Jefferson s last tour years
,vere - $23,927,245
Those of Washington's last four were 12.092.204
Excess of JefFersoris administration, $M,835,04 1
Thus Jefferson's expenditures neirly doubled
XVnshintrton s for their last four years and for
their whole administrations, more than doub!ed.
Yet. who charges Air. Jefferson with extrava
gance ?
Again : The expenditures of the last four years
of Madi'.on's administration were $108,546,088
D. duct those of Mr. Jefferson's
last four - 23927.245
Excess of Madison's administration, 884,618,843
Thus, Madison's expenditures more than
quadrupled those of Jefferson, and were about
nine fold those of Washington.
B it, say the Federalists, those were war ex
penditures. And are not a large portion of
those, which thev charge upon General Jackson
.nI Mr Van Bur en war expenditures also?
Was not Mr. Madison een more responsible
for the. war of 1812. having approved the decla
ration, than General Jackson was for the Black
Hawk and Seminole wars which were commenc
ed bv the enemy? And is it right that they
should hold the one responsible for war expen
ditures, and not the other
But let us look a little further. The expendi
tures of Mr. Monroe's last lour yeirs. wnicn
were vearsof neace. were - 845.665.420
nn'r, Mr. Jefferson's - - 23.927.245
- jj
Excess of Mr. Monroe
Thus the emenditiires of Mr
821.738.175
Monroe s last
four vears nearly doubled Mr. Jefferson's, and
n I most una drunled Gen Washington s.
So ihe expenditures of J. Q Adam's four years
tvprM . . . - - 850.501.911
Dedict Mr. Jefferson's last lour years to vt.o
. -r.r r.-r r t
f J O. Adams over Jefferson
826.574,665
Thus the expenditures of J. Q. Adams' four
years more thnn doubled Mr. Jefferson's last four
years, and more than quadrupled Washington s
The expenditures of Washington's third year,
beins? the first in which public accounts appear
tohaveb en systematized, ere but 1,919,590,
wherens those ol Monroe's third were
816.300,273.
eVrnwino- no increase of eiwht to one. or more
than aiYooo.ooo.
Upon the general and sweepinggroundassnm
ed by the Federalists of the present day, Jeffer
so-i xvas guilty of extravagance because he spent
more than vvasmngion, ano MMisom.
roe beeause tbev spent more than Washington
or Jefferson. But is not the ciuse of this con-
s'.antly increasing ex
xpenditure perfectly apparent
uuu couiictf-iv j - - -
dactory Is it not to ne rounu
in the constant and rapid grovxtn of ourcnumryt
From thirteen States we have gron to twenty
six: from three millions of people we have
irrown to sixteen. Our territory has heen more
ih.m dnolved. and our settlements extended
Hm nmmtfrrp has increased bevond all nreced-
' i vvi i j
nt- norts of entrv have been multiplied upon
our bavs. lakes, and rivers; custom-houses, and
lisrht houses, and revenue cutters' have conse
q iently increased in a due proportion, besides the
necessary increase of officers in theoldest iplish-
mni An extended frontier has reauired an
increased army to defend it. An eulargedjcom
inerce has required an augmented navy ftr its
nrotection. Fortifications for the defence of our
cities, and navy yards lor tne construciim o
shins, have necessarily been multinlied. Our
...r , - , ..... i
j.ai.;i.ry system nas oeen rnwrgw. win.
tension of our settlements. The Executive Ue-
.5 . ... i i l i :.t. . U
ex
partmen.s have required more force to 0''?
1 1
the multifarious ministerial duties and
muiupiieaaccoum., o..grCSS u.n. S.ry
L: t j r i l.. .j.ii.r
increased in numbers. and its sessions have leen
prolonged. The survey and disposition ofl
the
public domain have required a large increase
ers. Even the number and importance of
C ----- " " n
There is not a man in the nation who will not
aamit that these and other incidents to our
th Rg n nat; re fu sufficient tojus,iy
and make necessary a consfant increase In J
public expenditures,
They justify the increase
. J,. administration nupr thnt Wntk.
insrlon. and those of Madison, and Monroe over
- -j, 7 , -V
,y,
hoth.
And Jirf Me growth of the country ceascwhen
? -
uen. Jackson became President? Have no
new States been added to the Union; has there
been no increase in our population: no new set
temenls formed ; no new territories established ;
no new cities sprung into existence ;. no new
lanrf offic, s created; no extension of frontier;
.
no increase of commerce: no new ports of entry
designated : no additions to Congress or the
t j- i r , - .
Judiciary; nothing whatsoever of that .rapid
growth of our country whi?.h has hitherto justi
fied and made necessary a const int increase in
the expenditures of our government? The new
States of Michigan and Arkansas; the swarms
of people now cultivating the tteminer soil ot
.Mississippi and Indiana, of lllinos and Missouri;
the already populous Territories of Wisconsin
and Iowa: the numerons commercial towns
which have sprung upon the shores of our lakes
-
and rivers; the rapid increase of old States and
old cities still advancing in population trade, and
wealth, while sending swarms of emigrants into
the interior, all, all answer this question in a
languace which no man can misunderstand.
Never has our country, in so short a time, made
such rapid strides as within the last ten years.
There is nothing to equal it in the history of the
world.
What is the natural and inevitable conse-
W 1 .
quence. Why, a considerable increased tne
public expenditures: the establishment of new
custom - houses and additions to the force of the
old ones ; thecreation of new land offiees ; an in
Cougiess; a proportionate augmentation of force
in the Executive Uepartments. AH tnese are
the necessary incidents to the growth of our
country, and they produce a necessary increase
of the public expenditures.
This the Federal orators well know ; but they
keep it out of sight, and endeavor to make the
people think thut the Administration is extrava
gant because the public. expenditures are not as
small as they were fifteen or twenty years ago !
Let us illustrate the absurdity of this position
hy reference to the Pjst Office Department,
which more than anv other crows with the
growth ot the country. '
In 1 825 the number of post offices was 5,077
In 1838 it was - - 12,567
In 1825 the number of post routes in opera
lion was ubout ... ,axj
In 1838 it was about - 2,870
In 1825 the revenue of the Department
was - - - ot,-6o.uu
In 1838 it was - - 4.262.145
Within this period 6,900 had been added to
the number of nost offices, 1,661 to the number
of post routes, and 83.000,000 to the revenue of
the Department. Inasmucn as n is tne practice
of the Department to apply the entire revenue to
the mail service, h followed as a necessary con
sequence that the expenditures were increased
about 83.000.000 also.
Will anv man sav that the establishment of
new post routes oy congress, or oi new pusi
i " r .
offices by the Postmaster General, increasing
the expenditures of the Department more than
three-fold, are matters for which the Adminis
tration is deserving of censure ? Were they not
necessarv for the accommodation of our enter
prising and prosperous people? Would not the
Administration have been wanting in duty, if it
had not promoted this increase of public expen
ditures, it being necessary to extend the beneti'S
of the mail system to new settlements and towns.
and increase the facilities of old ones? Or will
the Federal orators undertake to persuade the
DeODle. that every mail route and post ofhee es
tablished since 1825, ought to be discontinued,
rr- mi .
and every improvement in the sp-'ed and frq ien-
cy of the mails withdrawn, tnat tne expenditures
may be reduced to the level of that year ? The
" r 1- "iJ ..I U .
common sense or tne peopie wouiu - laugu io
scorn" anv such proposition.' They would say
I Hilt anu"u; U uic
k.t lU..a-K
- sr i
6.900 new post omces auuefi
- the armv 0fotrK-e holders" whom
it is attempted to
render odious, and ahhoug
the 1.661 additional mail routes aanea at
least
3,000 men to be the recipients of public money,
and although both together have added 83.000.
COO to the public expenditures, yet, inasmuch
as thev were necessary to the puDhc nccommo
dation and yield a revenue sufficient for theii
sunnort. the Government would have deservec;
censure if they had nut been creattd, and would
j .... i j
be justly denounced if they were to oe aoonsneu
'Ph snme nnncin e nervades every oiner ae
rrmuni ni thtt Onvernment. -The erowth of
tho roumrv nroduces a necessity fur enlarged
W(l I l III' w tr
.ctokt.sh merits lor its accommodation and de
fence, as a matter of course increasing the pub
ex ndilureSe T build up these enlarged
establishments in obedience io law, so lar Irom
. z the Administration, is its im
live du,v t would deserve the public re
r . j u'h did nol lake lhe responsibility o
whatever might be the consequent in
(loll?
L.. - . - n( the nublic expenditures.
A few instances will make this matter plain:
The act of 1832, extending the pension sys
tern, brought into the War Department, applica
tions for pensions by tens of thousands which
required some ten additional clerks at an annual
cost of 813.450 to examine them. Who does
not know th-it it was the duty of the Adminis
tration to apply for, and appoint these additional
clerks? .''
The prodigious increase in the sales of public
lands, threw upon the General Lnnd Office more
labor than the clerks allowed by lat could pos
sibly perform, and in 1836 it became necessary
to ask for, and appoint, seventy-one additional
..ffi.-r.nr.fi clerks, at an additional annual cost
r will' ' . . . Ti
. of 884 550 to bring up the business ol tne mce.
- - ' h purchasers
anu 8" ""l K . L..'t jq
Would
not the Administration have been aereiici in uu-
r:V;t r,, Bftt ftSi,,d or and aonbinted these
l IVt -
ithstanding the increase of public ex-
inerKX. niun
(t.t.:B involved?
p'"""
mention these cases, not because an in-
of force has not been necessary in other
oflcease
offic
Departments of the public service, but to illus
trate a general principle. We du it to show,
that so far from bein? censurable for an in
crease of the public expenditures, when the pub
ic service requires it, the Administration would
be wanting in duty, and justly obnoxious to at
tack, if it did not recommend and promote that
ncrease. We do it for the farther purpose of
giving instances illustrative of the general pro
gress of our country, which, from year to year.
ontinually and necessarily enlarges the number
of persons employed in the Government, and
adds to the public expenditures a process
which must go on until our territory is settled.
our population becomes stationary, and our trade
ceases to increase.
The fact thut the public expenditures have in
creased is, therefore, no argument against the
Administration. It is its duty to recommend and
promote an increase as the necessities of a grow-
nsr country require it. Givingto these consid
erations their due weight, the people will disre
gard and contemn this general and sweeping ar
gument of the Federal Orators. They will call
upon the declaimersto specify the cases in which
the Administration has called for unnecessary
appropriations, or made expenditures not requir
ed for the public good or authorized by law.
For such, and such only are the Administration
ustly answerable.
We aver that the increase of expenditures
which the Administration has recommended or
avored, is only such as was necessary in con
sequence of the rapid growth of our country.
or of emergencies affecting the public peace
which it could not avert. We aver further, that
much the largest portion of increase now com
plained of by the Federal declaimers.has been
forced upon it acainst its will, and mainly by
the very party which now makes it a weapon of
attack.
FROM TUB GLOBE.
"VERY RESPECTABLE MEMBERS OF
PARLIAMENT FOR SALE THE
FIRS T TIME EITHER WAS E
" VER BOUGHT OH SOLD."
In one of the libelling letters of the National
Intelligencer, samples of which were given in
the Globe, it is said the above lines, from Sher
idan's play, were applied, by a "a general
laugh, to some well known collar men in the
cortege" which attended the President. Can
not this Reporter of the performance favor the
public with the dramatis persona! We would
thank the scribblers of the Whig " School for
Scandal" to point to the members of our Par
liament the "collar men who have been
bought over" by that Executive, patronage
that corrupt use of the public money the stand
ing theme of insinuation on the part ol bank
advocates apainst Gen. Jackson and the present
Chief Magistrate. If examples of members of
Congress bought over by Executive influence to
become " collar men" if even an example of
an attempt to cotrvpl a political opponent into
compliance with the schemes ot the Administra
tion, could be given then these accusers would
have rood ground to arraign the Jbxecutive lor
abuse of patronage, and to tell the country that
the public officers were not to be trusted in their
constitutional functions. And can any man be
lieve that if the Federalists could point to a sin
gle member of Congress who had been seduced
from his plighted faith to his constituents by
Executive influence, they would not immediately
trumpet his name to the world 1 hat they
have never yet given the name of such Execu
tive-bought convert, proves that their cry ol cor
runtion and prostitution of Congressmen from
allegiance to their constituents by the much de
nounced influence at Washington, is merely an
expedient to divert the public eye from the noto
rioua and successful appliances of Bank means
to this seduction of legislative bodies, both State
and National. Hive no examples been afford
ed to establish the charge of Bank corruption of
the people's agents? Have no members of leg
islative bodies, pledged to their constituents to
oppose the bJ ink. to support democratic princi
ples. Hnd the Democratic Administraiion, been
pointed at and shown to have received pecuniary
ttrrnmmndations from tne institution io wnose
party ranks they deserted- thence forward repre
sentinsr the ill of the Bank parly, instead o
the will of the constituents by whom they were
elected? Have the public forgotten the conver
sion of Messrs. Clayton and a whole posse o
his colleagues from Georgia, from opposition to
active advocacy f Bank interests, and an aban
donment of the Democratic party by whom they
wereelect-d? Have the public forgotten Mr
Verplank. and others who went over with the
Bank stock ? Have the public forgotten Mr
Poindexter and his 8 10.000 transaction his
sudden conversion io the Bank, with his col
league. Mr. Black? Have the public forgot
ten the conversion of Mr. Clay's colleague, Mr.
Bibb, once the most violent enemy of the. Bank
of the United States ever known? Have th
public forgotten Mr. John Bell and his fijiy-
three thousand dollar accommodation nts ue
sertion his seduction ol Judge W hite to go
with him. bv the hopes of the Presidency, in
spired through the Bank power and especially
its control over its party in the North? Have
the nublic forgotten the late conversions of Con
gressuien under the double influence of the
banks a portion seeking the national deposites
another a national charter. Hive the public
forgotten Penrose. Dickey, Cunningham. &
Co's conversion in tfie Pennsylvania Senate, and
the sudden re establishment, by the votes of these
solemnly pledged antagonists, of the Bank o
the United S ates? Have the public forgoiten
Mr. Tallmadoe and his protested debt lor a
bout 8 20.000, which rendered his Conservatism
in other words, the deposite of the public
monev with relieving institutions so essentia
tn hi ner.uniitrv interests ? Have thev forgot
ten that this worthy gentleman threw himsel
nnon the funds of the bmks to secure his re-e
lection to the Senate ? Have they forgotten that
Mr. Hives became suddenly a convert from "a
imnle. solid, hard money Government, to one
of piper currency, under the impression that
hanks were indispensable as a pedestal to make
him high enough to look to the Presidency ?
Hrtvrt the nublic forgotten that Mr. F. Q,
Smith became a land .speculator a Seeker o
h.inlf facilities and a Conservative, and dtsert
r frnm hiss nartv and constituents, at the same
moment?
Have the public forgotten that Mr. May, the
ultra Democrat of Illinois, followed the example
of Messrs. Tallmador and Smith in alt res
pecis? That Mr. John A. Clark run into
speculation, into bank, and out ol his party, at
the same moment ?
We could go on and point to other examples
of converted Representatives, turned against
their constituents by Bank influence, but those
given are notorious, and are sufficient for illus
tration. No example can be given of the seduction of
a single Representative from allegiance to his
constituents by Executive patronage, influence,
or corruption.- Bank influence, on tbe contrary,
has thrown the popular party in Congress, al
ways coming in with a sweeping majority, ;into
a minority before tbe close of each Congression
al term. "This fact speaks volumes. It shows
that Executive influence has not operated to cor
rupt Representatives from their allegiance to
those electing them ; it proves that Bank influ
ence has uniformly been employed successfully
to accomplish such prostitution. Ought this in
fluence to be increased by consigning the reve
nues of the nation to be used by these institu
tions? Ought the Representatives to vote the
money of the people into vaults, from which
they may receive it in accommodations? And
to effect lhis, ought it to be taken from the Trea
sury, where, to use it in this way, would ixcuT
the penalties of a felony?
THE BATTLE OF BR ANDY WINE.
We had been in the saddle about an hour, un
der the intrepid Pulaski, who with his own
hands, examined our swords, pistols, and other
equipments, as if assured that the struggle would
be deadly and a long continued one. The day
was one of the most beautiful that ever broke
over the earth. We were about half a mile
from the main body, ranged along a green slope.
acing tbe west, our horses about tour hundred
u number, standing as so many marble statues ;
until, just as the eastern sky began to redden
and undulate; and cloud after cloud to roll up.
and heave like a great curtain up the wind, and
the whole heaven seemed discharging all its
beauty and brightness upon one spot, I happened
to turn about, and saw the tall Pole (Pulaski)
bare-headed, tilting his horse, like some warlike
presence come up out of the solid earth to wor
ship upon the very summit of the hill behind us it
might be, (lr the noble carriageot the man, tbe
martial bearing of the soldier who could permit
either interpretation it might be in the awful em
ployment of devotion or in the more earthly one
of martial observation) but he suddenly reigned
up his charter, shook the heavy dew from the
horseman's cap, replaced it and leaped headlong
down the hjll, jutt as the bright flash passed a-
way on the horizon ; followed by a loud report,
and the next instant a part ot our ranks were
covered with dust and turf, thrown up by a can
non ball that struck near the spot he had just
left,
Our horses plucked up their ears at the sound,
and all at once, as if a hundred trumpets were
playing in the wind, came the enemy in hts ad
vance. Pulaski unsheathed his sword, called
out a select body, and set off at full gallop to a
more distant elevation, where we saw the ene
my advancing in two columns; one under Kny
phausen, which moved in steadiness, in a dark
solid mass, towards the spot occupied by Gene
ral Maxwell; the other, under Cornwallis,
which seemed to threaten the right flank of our
main body. Intelligence was immediately sent
to Washington, and reinforcements called in,
from the spot we had left.
We kept our position, awaiting fora whole hour,
the sound of conflict; at last a heavy volley rut
tied along the sky, a few moments passed, and
then another followed, like a storm of drum
heads. The whole air rung wuh it: another
and another followed; then gradually increased
in loudness, came peal after peal till it resembled
a continual clap of thunder, rolling about under
an illuminated vapor. But Pulaski, with all his
impetuosity, was a General, and knew his duty
too well, to hazard any movement till he should
be able to see with certainty the operations of the
enemy in the vapor below.
Meanwhile, several little parties which had
been sent out, came in. one after the other, with
the intelligence, that Knyphausen had broken
down upon M ixwell in magnificent style been
beaten back again ; but that he had finally pre
vailed and that Maxwell had retreated across the
river; A thin vapor had risen from the earth
below us and completely covered the enemy
from our view. It was no longer possible to fol
low him, except by the sound of his tread, which
we could feel in the solid earth, j iring ourselves
and our horses; and now and then, a, quick
glimmering in the midst, as some standard rais
ed above if, some weapon flourished, or some
musket shot through it like a rocket.
About an hour after, a horseman dashed through
the smoke on the very verge of the horizon, and
after scouring the fields, for a whole mile in
view, communicated with two or three others,
who set off" in different directions ; one to us
with orders to hurry down to the ford where the
commander in chief was determined to fall on
Knyphausen with all his power before Cornwal
lis could come to his aid. It was a noble but
h;iZ irdous game and Pulaski, whose war horse
literally thundered and lighted along the broken
and stony precipice by which we descended, kept
his tye warily to the right as if not quite cer
tain that the order would not be countermanded
We soon fell in with General Greene who
was posting all on fire, to give Knyphausen bat
tle, and the next moment saw Sullivan in full
march over a distant hill towards the enemies
flink. This arrangement would doubtless have
proved fatal to Knyphausen, had not our opera
dons been unfortunately arrested at the very mo
ment we were prepared to fall upon him, man
and horse, by the intelligence that Cornwallis
hid moved off to another quarter. It was a mo
ment of irresolutioa doubt. It was the death
blow to our hopes of victory. Greene was recall,
ed, and Sullivan commanded to halt.
Hardly had this happened, our horses being
covered with sweat, and froth, fretiing in the bit
like chained tigers, and covered with dust, it be
ing an excessively hot and sultry day, when a
heavy cannonade" was heard on our right flank,
and Greene to whose division we had been at
tached, was put into motion to support Sullivan
who had left home some hours before. The
truth nov broke upon us like a thunder clap.
The enemy had passed, concentrated, we sup
posed, and fallen on our right.
I shall never forget Greene's countenance,
when the news came, he was on the road
side, upon an almost perpendicular bank, but b,a
wheeled where he was, dashed down the bank,
his face white as the bleached marble, and called
to us to gallop forward with such a tremendous
impulse, that we marched four miles in forty
minutes. We held on our way in a cloud of
dust, and met Sullivan all in disorder, nearly a
mile from the ground, retreating step by step;
at the head of his men, and shouting himself
hoarse, covered with blood and sweat, and striv
ing in vain to bring them to a stand while Corn
wallis was pouring in upon them an incessant
volley.
Pulaski dashed out to the right, over the fen
ces, and there stood awhile upright in his stir
rups, reconnoitering, while the enemy, who ap
reared by the smoke and the dust that rolled be
fore them in the wind to be much nearer than
they really were, redoubled their efforts; but at
last Pulaski saw a favorable opportunity. The
column wheeled; the wind swept across their
van, revealing them like a battalion of spirits,
breathing fire and smoke. He gave the signal ;
Archibald repeated it ; then Arturf then my
self. In three minutes, we were ready for the
word.
When Pulaski, shouting in a voice that thrill
ed through and through us, struck spurs into
his charger; it was a half minute, so fierce and
terrible was his charge, before we were able to
come up to him. What can he mean ! Gra
cious heaven I My hand convulsively, like that
of a drowning man, reigned up for a moment
when I-saw that I was golloping straight for
ward into a field of bayonets; yet he was the
first man 1 and who would not have followed.
We did follow him, and with such a hurri-
cane ot nre and steel, tnat when we wneeled
our path lay broad before us, with a wall of fire
on the right hand and on the left ; but not a bay
onet or a blade in front except what were under
the hoofs of our horses. My blood rushes now,
like a flash of fire through my forehead, when
I recall the devastation that we then made, ul-
most to the very heart of the enemy's column.
But Fulaski. he who alter wards rode into
their entrenchments on horseback, suord in
hand, was accustomed to it : and broken over
them once, aware of his peril if he should give
them time to awake from their consternation, he
wheeled in a blaze of fire with the intention of
returning through a wall of death more perilous
than that which shut in the children of Israel
upon the Red Sea.
But no ! tae wall had rolled in upon us, and
we were left no alternative but to continue as we
had begun.
The undaunted Pole rioted in the excess of
his joy I I remember well how he passed me.
covered with sweat and dust, riding absolutely
upon the very points of their bayonets. But at
last they pressed upon him, and horseman after
horseman fell from their saddles : when we
were all faint and feeble and even Archibald was
fighting on foot over his beautiful horse, with
Arthur battling over his head, we heard the cry
of 'Succor! Succor!' Immediately we felt the
enemy give way, heaving this way and that and
finally concentrating beyond us.
'Once more ! once more ! cried Pulaski, and
away he went breaking in upon them as they
were forming and trampling down whole pla
toons, in the charge, before a ,tnan could plant
his bayonet or bring his gun to an aim ; our at-j
pect, as we came thundering round them was!
sufficient; (he enemy fled, and we brought off
our companions unhurt.
I have been in many a battle, many an one
that made my hair afterwards stand when I
dreamed of it but never in one where carnage
was so dreadful, and firing so incessant as that
which followed the arrival of Greene. But the
enemy' had so effectually secured his exposed
points by ranks of men kneeling with planted
bayonets, that we could make no impression up
on them, although we rode upon them again and
again, discharging our pistols in their faces.
FROM TBE (PORTSMOUTH, VIRGINIA,) OLD DOMINION.
REV. JOHN LELAND.
An allusion having been made some weeks ago
in our paper, to the celebrated letter of this venera
ble patriarch of the Baptist Church, and having been
fortunate enough to procure a copy, we hasten to
lay it before the public. Mr. Leland is probably
the most aged clergyman belonging to the Baptist
denomioation in the United States, being upwards
of eighty years old; yet he is still remarkable for
the vigor of his mind and his undeviating devotion
to the cause of Democracy. What he wri.es is the
result of a long life of careful observation and expe
rience, and his opinions, therefore, respecting the
evil tendency of banks, must be entitled to the ful
lest credit. It will be recollected that Mr. Leland
was selected by the Democracy as their agent to
present the mammoth Cheese to Mr. Jefferson, on
his elevation to the Presidency. The warmest per
sonal friendship ever existed between these distin
guished men. But we are keeping the reader from
the letter here it is let it be read attentively,
and circulated
BANKS ANP PEOPLE.
Nine hundred Banks, containing. three hun
dred millions of slock, with nine hundred Presi
dents, nirie hundred Cashiers, and nine hundred
Bank Lawyers, five thousand Directors, (all in
flei,thil characters. fifty thousand Dealers on
Bank credit, a great portion of Congress and of
the State Legislatures, who noia siock in Barnes,
fifty thousand insolvents, (who want Government
to pay their debts,) one hundred thousand office
seekers, from the Presidential Chair down to the
lowest Clerkship, with a multitude who have
itching propensities for. new things. All these
form a mighty host; flanked on one wing with
Anti-Masons, and on the other with Abolitionists,
with a rear-guard of Conservatives, and many
ennntinff narties besides.
Is it possible for the Democracy of the United
States to withstand this formidable army, who
have already bid defiance and set tne oatue in
a rra if 1 ' '
Democracy is principally compoaeu oi me m
lers of the ground, and the mechanics of tbe most
necessary articles. This clas3, for the most part,
are not seeking nor expecting promotions: their
wishes is to be protected by the Government iq
the enjoyment of their honest earnings ; deduct
ing therefrom what is necessary for the security
of "the remainder. Caucuses, conventions, and
even the necessary polls of elections, call them
from accustomed and chosen pursuits; if there
is no imperious call, they choose to be in their
occupations. A description of this class, forms
no great splendor o paper nothing for the
... 11 j .:i
pompous, (who despise the dull ptfrsuits of, labor)
to admire. Their motto is "equal rights : and no
exclusive privileges." ''"
The outcry, 'hard times and little money, has
been constantly sounding for eighty ytars fn my
hearing,"with but small variation, andexcfpting
those who have been trading presumptuously n
Bank loans, in speculations hal have been rath
er injurious to the nation. it is hard to conceive
any just grounds of complaint ahy have" at this
time. H;rd labor and all '.productions oi tbe
earth, flocks, and herds, taken in the" aggregate,
demand current and. handsome prfcts. ff iho
prices are higher the oxoney "would be propor-!
tiona'bly of less value. v -v.-
1 he Banks have proved their power over the-
Government, by suspending specie payments
they stopped the wheels of Government, which
cost a special session of Congress to remove tbe
blocks. :.Xhe.same may happen as often as the
Banks pTease, so long as the Banks and the Go
vernment are ' unitca in , marriage. Some ar
for dissolving tben5rriWif,if1?if'therrfy retain tbeif
rights, while others are &6outing, ' O Bank live
forever I who is like unto this beast 1 who is able
to make war with him 1 '
To have money sufficient for a medium' cf
trade, to facilitate all useful commerce, in which
individuals may grow wealthy, and tbe piatlij
.. j . j - u... i s
recijj iiuvuumc is ueyituuie, uui iu uuve a circu
lating currency so abundant as to check useful
industry in some, and assist others in gambling
speculation, (in which one cannot grow rich
without others growing poor,) is rather injurious
to society at large; but moral reasoning, though
ever so sound, is but feeble evidence aain$t a
heated disposition.
Borrowing nothing from history, but confining
myself to what I have seen, there has been, (frcru
the Administration of North, down to the presi nt
lime,) a raging war between tbe claims of aristo?
crats and the rights of man.
In the year 1774, the aristocrats contended for
the doctrine that ICingS were appointtd by God;
and to resist them would be to resist the ordin
ance of God, and bring on condemnation. The
Democrats plead that opposition to tyrants was
obedience to God 'liberty or death was their
countersign
In 1787 the aristocrats labored to
establish a Government above the control cf the
people. The Democrats sought for a Govern
ment that recognized the sovereignty of the peo
ple th rights of man under equitable law a
Government of expressed and defined powers, r
After the Constitution was put into operation,
the aristocrats exerted all their power to bind the
Administration into a monarchial channel; and
by construction made considerable progress ; but
the beginning of the present century brought th
Apostle of Liberty in the chair, whose elevation
checked their designs, but did not change their
wishes; for in 1813 they changed their ground
of opposition, and exclaimed 'we are nil one
now is the era of good feeling drop nil conten
tion and let us build together I ' Tin se good
words and fair speeches deceived the hearts of
many who were simply honest, broke down the
line ot demarcation, and amalgamated tbe nation
into a hotch-potch.
During lhe Revolutionary war, the declaration
of the whigs was, 'If we can save half our in
terest, and gain our independence, wo shall be
satisfied.' But now the whigs of the new school
say Give us money give us the offices give
us the Government, and we shall be satisfied,
otherwise we will cast a.11 the blocks in the way
that is in our power, to stop the wheels of Go
vernment'
The love of money, is common with all the po
litical parties ; and if a majority of the people of
the United States believe (although the Constitu
tion gives no power) that a bank incorporated
by the General Government, w ill pay debts of
insolvents aid speculative enterprise -foster
manufactures and raise the prices of hand labcr
and the productions of earth, the administration
of the government will Jail into other hands It is
possiblv, however, that the people will realize
that it is not the abundance, but tbe intrinsic value
of lhe money lhqt makes it profitable. The
rage for useless speculation may die away, and
the people may yet triumph over the banks, not
withstanding the present excitements. The nine
hundred iron chariots of Sisera, were discern
fined before the patriotism of jBarrak.
From the declaration of Independence up to
the present time, my unmitigated dtsire has been,
that the United States might enjoy freedom with
out licentiousness good government without
tyranny pure religion without hypocrisy and
wealth without haughtiness. And now, at the
close of a very unprofitable life, my wish is ar
dent, that the States, in union, and severally in
their sovereignty, may, by good customs, virtu
ous habits, and wise counsel, shun the fatal
gulph of LEGISLATIVE USURPATION
OVER THE RIGHTS OF INDIVIDUALS.
JOHN LELANp.
A Case for the consideration ofthe wine drink
ers. The following is from the New York,
Journal of Commerce.
" When my husband come home drunk, an
brandy," said an affi cted wife, " he goe , tq
bed and snoozes it out; but when begets drunk,
on wine I and my children have to flee for
our lives." The intoxication of wine in many
cases at least, is worse than that of rum or
whiskey. In these days of reform, the moro
fiery liquids nre chiefly banished from "good
society," hut wine is considered a much more
harmless visitant. We are not so sure of it.
Ten years hence, when we see the rip fruits
of wine drinking, we can better judge. Many
are trying the experiment, we tear, fatally for
themselves and their dearest friends.
If you wish to know whether it is safe to let
a man have 'goods on credit, ascertain if be is a,
paying subscriber to some good newspaper I
A lady, who has found the .following remedy
for the prevention of bed bugs, wishes to make it
public ; After cleaning the bedstead thoroughly
rub it over with bog's lard. The lard should
be rubbed on with a woollen cloth. B'igs will,
not infest such a bedstead fora whole season.
Lawyers. -Peter the Great of Russia, said
that he had but two lawyers in his dominion?,
and that it is his intention to hang one of them,
in order to secure concord among his subjects.
Tho emperor of China has issued an edict tQ
suppress the multiplying of these people a,
class fond of generating, discord."
H i
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