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The North-Carolina standard. (Raleigh, N.C.) 1834-1850, September 28, 1842, Image 1

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nj-Office on Hillsborough street, south side, be
tween McDowell and Dawson streets.
Bon. Jolin C. CalUoun, of S. Carolina,
September 2, 1842.
For the North Carolina Standard.
Our distinguished guest, accompanied by the
Hon. R. M. Saunders and the Hon. J. R. J.
Daniel, arrived at Shocco about 10 o'clock, un
f n committee appointed to receive
him, and met from the large and respectable party
,uara occomKlpfl most cordial and enthusiastic re-
eeption. The shortness of the notice it having
been received only thirty-six hours previous to the
day of the Dinner rendered it utterly impossible
that even the citizens of our own County could be
generally informed of the time appointed for the
festival : yet such was the anxiety of the people to
see and do honor to this illustrious statesman, that
bv 12 o'clock from seven hundred to a thousand
persons had assembled, all of whom expressed the
L,t nmfnnnd rpcrrct that their friends and. neigh
bors could not be present to partake with them of
tae great iiieiieciuai jcu&t. j.ct
servants receive a more heartfelt tribute of respect
and admiration from any portion of our people.
Even those of .our opponents who were present,
left the feast with "more than wonted kindness in
their hearts and words of praise upon their lips.
The unaffected simplicity of mannerj the purity
of heart and rectitude of purpose, so manifest to all
who know Mr. Calhoun, however slightly, won
for him a place in the affections of all present.
The ladies, God bless thwn! looked fairer and
lovelier than ever, while their blushing cheeks
and excited manner told how anxious they were
to honor him whose spotless private character af
fords so bright an example to the statesman and
the citizen.
At 2 o'clock the company sat down to a sump
tuous feast, prepared by the worthy Proprietress
of Shocco Springs; at which the Hon. John
Branch presided, assisted by the following nam
ed gentlemen as Vice-Presidents: Weldon N.
Edwards, Daniel Turner, Geo. D. Basker
tillk, Edmund D. McNair, Gcston Perry,
Wood T. Johnson, Jas. S. Battle. Sam'l L.
Areington, Thos. I. Hicks, W. W. Young,
Wm. H. Gray, John J. Bell, A. A. Austin.
After the clolli was removed, the following reg
ular toasts were announced by the President and
Vice-Presidents, and drank by the company with
gieat enthusiasm :
REGULAR toasts.
1. The Constitution of the United States : Formed by
the wise and good men who achieved oar revolution : let
it not be destroyed in a moment of passion, to accomplish
Ihe designs of Party. Music Hail Columbia.
2. The memory of Was uik gtos
Washington's March.
3. The principles o'98 and '99: Founded upon a true
interpretation of the Constitution, sustained by the most
illustrious statesmen ot our revolutionary era : their main
tenance in their original purity is essential to the preserv
ation of our free institutions. Marseilles Hymn.
4. The memory of J efferson.
. Jefferson' March.
5. Johic C. Calhoun : In early manhood the ardent
champion of his country's rights: in his maturer years
the stern foe of monopolies and domestic tyranny, how
ever dismised ; at all times and under all circumstances
the patriot and statesman: North Carolina admires his
character, and will remember his services.
Hail to the Chief.
6. Arriculture, the great interest of the Union: It asks
not the protection of Government, but depends on the
smiles of Heaven and the industry of the people.
- Speed the Plough-
7. Commerce: All it asks is "Free trade and sailors'
rights": Let its friends beware lest the advocates of pro
tection clip its wings and destroy its usefulness.
r ' ' Music
8. A Protective Tariff .-The worst foe to Agriculture
and Commerce agrarianism in ita most odious form,
which robs the many to distribute the spoils to a favorite
few. Music
9. E Pluribus Unum : Eternity to the motto, and vic
tory to the flag that bears it. Star-spangled Banner.
10. Andrew Jackson, ex-President of the United
States: who, having filled the measure of his country's
I'lnnr ia nnur onnfant tn ononrl tlA remainder of hlS daVS
in the calm and tranquil enjoyment of the blessings ot
mat government wmcn ne nas bo biuch """"-ui -long
and illustrious life of public' services- t .
Jackson's March-
11. The principle of Distribution, which' gives to the
States that which the wants of the Government require
to be supplied by taxation ;A policy at war with every
dictate of prudence and economy.'- .. Music
12. The Republican Banner: Inscribed, in the lan-
duties no debt separation from. Banks economy re
trenchment and strict adherence to the Constitution."
"Campbells are coming.
13. The American Fair: Whose smiles are alike cheer
ing to the soldier and the statesman.
THaste to the Wedding.
In announcing the fifth regular toast, the Presi-
uem lOOK Occasion to reier uueuy, uui iuiviu.j, .y
the services nf nnr distinguished ffuest, and to ex
press the sincere conviction that those who were
then nt trt Knnnr n ffhithfvX VubtC SCfVCLTlt
OJ. illUl4. irV- MWMW -J Jt
would be as ready to condemn him when wrong
mcy were to appi.iuu uuu
had subsided, Mr. Cal
kotjn rose and addressed the company for about
an hour in his own neculiar. sententious and lucid
manner. He entered into a r brief history of the
... . . ... - . .
parties, which, originating in me onveniion
which framed the Constitution, had retained their
distinctive characteristics down to the present day.
He reviewed the policy of the followers of Alex-
ber Hamilton, whom ne compumenieu as
one of the brightest luminaries of our, revolution
ary era, and proved that they had ever looked to
high taxes, union of Bank and State, and a nearer
assimilation of our form of Government to that of
Great Britain, as the most, desirable ; .while the
Republican Party,; with few occasional exceptions,
had advocated the opposite policy of "Free trade
low duties no debt separation from Banks
economy retrenchment-; and strict adherence to
the Constitution." . .As we hope to be able to fur
nishjthe public with this whole speech in a short
time, we will not attempt a further sketch of it,
well aware that none but-its author can do it jus
tice. Mr. Calhoun concluded his remarks with
the following sentiment : : ; . : ;: " " .
" Nath akiel. Macor the wise,, the virtuous, and
the patriotic : May his name be forever remembered by
the friends of constitutional liberty. . -
A. A. Austin, Esq., of Halifax, one of the
Vice-Presidents, was now called on for a toast,
and gave the . 1
Hon. R. M. SAUNDERS-Always the able and fearless
champion of Democratic principles : The zeal and abili
ty with 'which he has sustained her interests, are appre
ciated by N. Carolina ; and he will receive his reward.
Loud and long continued cheering succeeded
this toast : and when it had subsided, Gen. Saun
ders addressed the meeting for half an hour in
his most impressive and effective manner; con
cluding his remarks with the following sentiment :
The Veto Power : Its firm exercise by the . President
in restraint of bad laws and by the People in condemna
tion of faithless representatives. The first is heard in the !
capitol the second sounds the death-knell of whiggery
at the ballot boxes.
R. A. Ezell, Esq., was next called on, and
toasted the -
Hon- J. R. J. Daniel The able and fearless advo
cate of the enduring principles of '93 and '99: .North
Carolina delights to honor him.
Mr. Daniel responded briefly to the above;
George D. Baskerville, Esq., gave the
Hon. Charles Shepard : The Democracy of N.
Carolina will he proud to call him again into their ser
vice. This toast was received by the company "with
great applause, when Mr. Shepard rose and en
chained the attention of the audience for half an
hour, with one of the finest bursts of eloquence
we ever listened to, and concluded with the fol
lowing toast":
The County of Warren The ancient bulwark of Car
olina republicanism : It adheres to its own principles in
doing honor to their great defender.
Thos. Harriss, Esq., of Halifax, gave
The distinguished President of the Day the Hon.
John Branch the able advocate of the rights of the
people r North Carolina claims him as her own honored
son, and delight's to cherish him. . .
The President briefly returned his thanks to
the company for the manner in which this toast
was received, ana onerea me ionowang senu
May we be ever ready when our country calls, to act
out the principles we have this day so enthusiastically
Weldon N. Edwards, Esq., being called on,
gve '
Our sister State. South-Carolina : Well is she enti
tled to the gratitude of the whole Union for her rich con
tribution ot genius and talent to the councils of the
Sent by Hon. Dixon H. Lewis, of Ala.,
- King's Mountain and Eutaw: The bloody fields of
the fame of the two Caro'inas, and the monuments ot
their enduring devotion to human liberty.
By R. C. Pritchard,
John C. Calhoun : Unspotted in private, unim
peachable in public life ; in war our heroic guide, in
peace our safest counsellor ; mighty in genius, yet sim
ple in character ; vast in thought, yet practical in admin
istration the People have marked him as the man for
the times.
By one of the company, ,
The proviso to the Bill distributing the proceeds of the
public lands : If wrong, it should never have" been adopt
ed ; if right, it should never have been repealed. The
whig party may select either horn ot the dilemma.
Many other toasts were drank, but have not
been furnished for publication. Letters from ma
ny gentlemen who had been invited to attend, were
received, generally declining in consequence of
their great anxiety to return home alter so pro
tracted a session of Congress.
The festivities of the day were closed with a
Ball, and all passed off with the utmost harmony
and Sfood feeling.
The only reeret expressed by any one present
durino- the day was that we could not have had a
longer notice, mat inousanus inigui uavc weu
present instead of hundreds to enjoy the scene.
Washington, Gth July, 1842.
nuv-TTTMirv Vnur favor of the 24th ult
till MM- - " "
communicating an invitation to me to attend a pub-
lie dinner to be given to mr. ainoun, aner we
close of. the present session of Congress, has re
mained several days without an answer. The
heavy news of the death of a near relative and
the'severe sickness of others, together with that
imperfect attention to my public duties which has
been entirely compulsory, must be my apology
for the delay. The first of these considerations,
I am sure you will see, Urenuemen, mate u my
imperious duty to return to the North, as soon as
I can possibly be discharged from my seat in the
c,fa onrl will thp.rpfnre- constitute a sufficient
ground for declining your kind invitation, without
suspicion ot disrespect to ypurseivts, i yuu
guest.. : -
pntmv unfeio-ned thanks for. your
oHontmn tr tnfl nftTsonallv. and for the kind terms
in which you nave maae , ituo wu iu juu.
wishes, and believa me, : r
With great respect . ' . ,
Your fellow-citizen .
Senate Chamber, 30th Aug., 1842.
Gentlemen : I have been honored by the- re
ceipt of your kind invitation to' be present at a
public dinner to be given to the Hon. John C.
Calhoun, after the adjournment of Congress, by
the citizens of Wanren and the adjoining coun
ties of North Carolina. -It would afford " me
great pleasure "to accept your invitation, and to
unite with you in doing honor to this able, patrio
tic and distinguished statesman : and it would -be
hio-hly o-ratifyingto me to embrace the occasion
offered to make the personal acquaintance of rny
fellow-citizens -who will be there assembled ; but
imperative engagements prevent me from enjoy
ing this pleasure. . ' - : 1 ' n 1 ;1 .
With sentiments of grateful respect, I Temain
yours sincerely ' ' ; : is "-'"-' 'r
Washington City, August &th, 1842.
Gentlemen : I have to make you many
thanks for your kind invitation, and the very friend
ly terms in which it was expressed ; and if it was
in my power to accept it, it would give me great
pleasure to do so ; but Congress having been al
most constantly in session for a year past, and be
ing to meet again in a few months, I am under
the necessity, uf employing all the interval in a
return to Missouri, and for that purpose to set out
from this place to tbe West, the instant I am re
leased from my public duties. ' Your invitation is
so much the more valued by me, as it comes from
the part of my native State in which my ancestors
lived, and which .was the home and residence of
the Sage and Patriot, Nathaniel Macon, who
was still in the Senate when I entered it, and in
whose school I learnt whatever is valuable in my
political life. Next to the honor of being named
in his will, and honored by a bequest which serves
as a memorial both of his and Mr. Randolph's
friendship, I prize most highly among the events
of my life, the kind invitation you have given me,
coming as it does from the committee of six coun
ties so - respectable in themselves and uniting so
many titles to my respect and gratitude.
I take creat pleasure in consratulating you, Gen
tlemen, on the present auspicious prospects of the
Democratic party, and also in the moderated teel
ing which begins to prevail in the conduct of party
warfare. Parties must exist in every free country:
and at times party spirit must run high ; but it is
always agreeable to see the calm succeed to me
storm, andf urbanity put an end to the bitterness of
party contests, while the identity ot parties re
main as distinct as ever. -For
yourselves, Gentlemen, (among whose names
I recognize so many.) and to the counties whose
committees you are, I am under the greatest ob
ligations for this mark of your friendship ; and
beg you to accept my most grateful acknowledg
ments lor it.
Very respectfully,
Your obliged fellow-citizen,
'. . Washington, Aug. 15th, 1842.
Gentlemen : I thank you for your esteemed
favor of the 24th ultimo, inviting me to partake of
a public dinner td be given to Mr. Calhoun, at
Shocco. bv the citizens of Warren and the adjoin
ing Counties, immediately after the adjournment of
Congress. 1 sincerely regret tne conaition oi my
health will not allow me to be present n the oc
casion. But for that, I should be most happy to
join you in doing honor to a man wiho is so emi
nently deserving of honor from a people whose
rights he has so nobly defended. I have known
him for many years in public life, and though I
have had occasion to differ from him in some of
his views of public policy, I have always admired
the purity of his purposes and the elevation of his
views. But if the splendor of his intellectual
efforts in defence of the Constitution and of the
Constitutional rights of the people eminently com
mand our admiration, his moral worth and his
private virtues not less strongly endear him to our
hearts. It is this blended character of a great
statesman with a good man that makes John C.
Calhoun pre-eminently worthy of public honors
and of private esteem, and a proud example for
universal imitation. . -
With great respect
I am, Gentlemen.
Your ob't. servant,
Washington, Avg. 29, 1842.
Gentlemen: I regret that I cannot, , without
serious inconvenience, avail myself of your invita
tion to attend the dinner vou propose to give in
honor of Mr. Calhoun, after the adjournment of
Congres. No one can place a higher estimate,
upon the long and eminent public service, cf the
illustrious Senator from my own btate, than 1 ;
and it would have afforded me, the highest plea
sure, to co-operate with my fellow-citizens of
North Carolina, in paying this tribute of respect
to this pure and incorruptible patriot. For thirty
odd years, he has been a prominent actor in pub
lic life, and in every station where his country
men have placed him, he has covered himself
with honor.- As brilliant as has been his public
career, the purity of his private life has reflected
no less honor upon him. I believe and hope, that
the day is not distant, when he will be elevated to
the first office in the gift of the nation, and when
his high administrative qualities will gain to him,
the same enviable reputation that he won as Sec
retary of War. "As an humble .individual, about
to quit public life, I. look to this event as one
which will bring untold blessings to the country.
For the kind manner in which you have spo
ken of my own humble services, in the cause of
democracy, I desire to tender to you the thanks
of a brother democrat I hail all such as my breth
ren, in the common cause of Liberty, Constitu
tion, the Union. I congratulate you, my fellow
citizens, that the good old Republican "North
State" has so recently given the death blow ' to
Federal whiggery, and that she has wheeled into
her proper position, in the democratic ranks.
Present to your meeting the enclosed sentiment,
with my sincere regret that I could not tender it
in person.
Respectfully your
.... Ob't serv't
North Carolina: The triumph of the Democratic par
tv, in the late elections, shows that this good old State,
onri V. anrl jl fav inill he Rennblican in her nolitic-
. . . ; Washington, City, Aug. 30th, 1842.
. Gentlemen : I have had the honor to receive
mnr fivnr, invitino- me to partake with you of a
dinner to be given to the Hon, John C. Calhoun,
early alter the adjournment 01 iongreus, ui ouut
co Springs.;.' . , 'v, . 'V.; . ; .'
I appreciate the distinction you have done me;
and I . would. rejoice to be able to embrace this op
portunity to revisit my native State, "the good
old North State," and - to revive ' and strengthen
tViaf Invp which thtfvnst multitude of Carolinians,
who reside in the beautiful and . fertile valley, of
tne. Mississippi, navenor iutir jumun ujuuuj, y
renew those friendships which were formed in
youth, and repeat those recollections wnicu are
fnfOTwrWpn with and forni a cart of my very be-
ingVto rejoice .with-you, that republican ..North
ma ha flssnmpd her- wOnted - position, -so
ion and so firmly maintained during the days of
that purest and best ,01 men, .ixamaniei mucuu,
whose whole life, was but an illustration of her
principles and character; and last" not least, to u
nite with you.in doing honot to the Southern A-
jax. His private lite, witnout reproacn; nis miei
lect, brilliant and unsurpassed his knowledge of
public afftirs enlarged and corrected by an expe:
rience, and devoted , study of our institutions, for
near a third of a century; his principles sound and
democratic ; his nerve and courage unflinching,
having no guiding star, but his country's good,
he stands prominent before his country, as its pride
and ornament and safe reliance. .
But justice to my domestic -affairs, ' constrains
me to return home, as soon as I am released from
my duties in Congress. For nine long and weary
months, the majority have kept us here waging a
vindictive and fruitless war, with the President,
and in undoing tneir own acts passea ai me mem
nrnblw session of one hundred days in 1841. So
short is the time'mtervening between the close of
this and the commencement of the regular ses
sion, and so great is the distance I have to travel,
that I must decline your esteemed honor.
With sentiments of high regard for each of you
personally, I remain, gentlemen, ' ;
- Yourobtservt. r
P. ,S. Permit me to tender the following sen
timent. .
Altrth Carolina: Like her own
faMoH aV.tr nfth Palatines" though enwrapped in
flame, it is not consumed : though for awhile submerged,
it again rises in all its beauty, and strength, and full, and
complete in all its proportions.
Washington City, August 2ith, 1842.
Gentlemen : I regret that I am compelled to
decline the invitation I have received from you to
participate in a public dinner, tendered to the Hon.
John C. Calhoun, at Shocco Springs, at the close
of the present session of Congress. My anxiety,
to return to my home, after so long an absence, to
pay some attention to my private affairs, before
the commencement of the next session of Con
gress, must be my apology for declining your po
lite invitation to join in doing honor to the distin
guished statesman of the South.
Permit me, through you gentlemen, to offer the
following sentiment in honor of the glorious vic
tory achieved by the Democracy of your State at
the recent election.
JTorth Carolina: The first to nominate, and the first
to abandon "Harry of the West".
. With sentiments of the highest regard. I re
Your ob't serv't
Richmond, Sept. 1st, 1842.
Dear Sirs: I most gratefully appreciate the
honor you have done me, by inviting me to the
dinner you Are about to give to Mr. Calhoun.-
His services and his principles justly entitle him
to the distinction and I should have been happy
to have the opportunity of joining in the Festival.
But my engagements forbid it.
It would have ffiven me very sincere pleasure
also, to visit the Old North State and to take
such worthy citizens and such staunch Republi
cans by the hand. .
I thank you every way for the compliment
your invitation conveys and still more, for the
kind terms in which it is expressed. Whatever
of zeal I may have hitherto displayed in the de
fence of our t:common principles" whatever ol
experience I . may have acquired in the course of
a long Editorial Life 7! feel, that at no preceding
period was it mote necessary to exert them. Not
withstanding the brilliant victory -you have so re
cently won or the triumphs we have obtained in
other Statr-s. ' the danger is not yet overt" We
have a drilled and formidable enemy to encoun
ter ; desperate in their purposes, reckless in their
means, haviug at their head one of the most rest
less and ambitious spirits of the age. We require
all our means and all our men to conduct us - to
victory. We must march onward with the united
force of a Macedonian Phalanx, or rather like the
Roman Legion, with all their shields united over
their heads. We must keep our forces firmly
too-pthpr hv harmonv and concession. No dis
cord should creep into our camp. No division
mar our councils. No selfish views, or private
ambition should weaken our efforts. We must
go for principles, and not for men. We have the
great cause to fight in '44 our "common princi
ples" to sustain, by. the most patriotic, motives.
And let us inscribe, upon our banner "God and
our Country."
Permit me to offer you the following senti
ment md to repeat the acknowledgments of
Yours faithfully, .
The Old JVorth State, and the Old Dominion : May
inlfon. nf their Common Princi
plesand may their only emulation be, who shall best
delend them.
House of Representatives, Aug. 25, 1842.
T have the honor to acknow-
Ipflrrp vnur invitation to attend a public dinner to
Mr. Calhoun, at Shocco Springs, and I cannot
.... . - . 1 . f .
willingly be absent wnen tne trioute 01 your ap
nl.niQP i tri lift rpnrlpred to one to whom it 18 so
justly due. The.unexampled length of the pres
ent session-ot Uongress, compels me 10 apvoie.iut?
short interval which will elapse before it mcts a
gain, to the business and the affections of hpme ;
arid T must denv mvself the pleasure I should en
joy in uniting with you on this occasion, in testi
fying our respect and admiration tor a great states
man one whose long and brilliant career nas
made his name familiar wherever our . history is
read. . . . e
Permit me, gentlemen, to offer, a sentiment for
nrnir .rtnaidprntion. and to thank vou for the favor
able opinion' which you have been pleased to ex
press of my own humble public service. , , .
Yourobtservt. .
n..f,H,f,r,-nnl Tlhrrtu . The will of all. fairly expres
sed and strictly construed, the best security against op
pression from the few or the many.
Fayetleville, August, 1842.
- Gentlemen : I had the honor to receive your
hphalf "of the citizens of Warren
and the adjoining counties". to a public dinner at
ShWn Snrino-s. tendered to the Hon. John C.
Calhoun, "as a mark ol respect ior an emmem
statesman, whom" the people delight to honor.'-' ' --r
t cordially unite with the democratic citizens,
hf Warrpn hnd trio, ndinininrr counties, in the feel
1 o J . . . - . t
ing and sentiment,' which prompted this high tes
timnn 1 of thpir t-PRnprt ; for tbe eminent public
bAft.AXVAAfc j
service and lofty character of Mr. Calhoun, as a
statesman. .
Mr -Calhoun in the walks
nf nrivnte life, as ntife'in morals: and exemplary
jn all the social and domestic virtues, or whether
nm nnfPTYiniatp him ns a statesman, or vast expe
rience, lofty aims, and unrivalled abilities, especi-
4M . - i
ally in the department, of finance, or as a bold
champion of democracy, endowed, with greatmor.
al courage as well as talents, to sustain its cause,
he presents the most exalted claims to public atten
tion and regard; especially, at , a time like this,
when, an unhallowed ambition is threatening the
liberties of the people, by the effort to strike the
veto' power out of the Constitution, by stifling the
liberty of speech, in. Congress, and by insisting
with desperate pertenacity, to force upon the coun
try a series of measures, a Bank, protective tariff,
and the distribution -of , the public revenue, which
must end if successful in corrupting the adminis
tration of the States and the General Government,
and in destroying the purity and freedom pf elec
tions. " . - . ; . . - -
,;To cherish the talents, character and public
services of such men as Mr. Calhoun, at such a
crisis as this, becomes .us, as one of the first duties
of patriotism. I am sorry however to inform you,
that indispensable duties to the health of my fami
ly, and my own health, will prevent me from unit
ing with my democratic fellow citizens on this oc
casion, and I beg you to accept for yourselves,
individually and collectively, and to present to the
gentlemen whom you represent, my most pro
found acknowledgment for the honor you have
done .me by your invitation. . "
I hive the honor to be your ' .
Obedient servant,
LOUIS D. henry:
Washington City,' Augusts, 1842.'
fSp-vxT.TSMF.x: T hhvp. the honor of acknowledg
ing the receipt of your letter of the 10th instant,
t'ii it If ' r .1. r
inviting me m penaii oi many 01 uie ciuzuis 01
Warren and the adjoining Counties, to a public
dinner to be given the Hon. John C. Calhoun at
Shocco Springs: I tender to you my thanks for
the flattering terms in which that invitation is
Sympathising as I do, with .you most cordially
in the admiration which you express for ihe illus
trious statesman whom you design to honor, and
still more deeply in the cause of that political civili
zation of which he is at once the glory and the
typf, I cannot but regret the unavoidable cir
cumstances which prevent my participating in this
merited tribute to surpassing genius and distin
guished services. Could we forget the brilliancy
of his career ; the moral and intellectual great
ness which illustrate his character ; .yet' viewing
him as the exponent of the great principles of the
reform we advocate selfishness itself would urge
us to sustain and Vindicate his fame.
In what of our principles does he fail us? What
one opinion which his party professes docs he
conceal, confuse, or compromise ; of what interest
of unshackled commerce, of strict construction, or
of economical administration, has he proved ne
glectful? And oh, ye political ingrates of the
South, to what one of your exposed institutions
has he been found a sleeping sentinel ; ever anx
ious to preserve the beautiful harmony of our po
litical spheres, deeply distrusting the boasted bene
fits of pragmatical legislation, . and daring fondly
to confide in the noble instincts of the individual
man; when he falls,
'Then I and you and all of us fall down."
Others may be permitted to forget, under the
influence of temporary advantages, that justice is,
as a great man once said, "the end of Government
and of civil society," but with us of the endanger
ed South, it is not a question of magnanimous, sac
rifice or political consistency, but of plundered in-
rlnctrv 'anrl nutnorpd honor. If the taxin? DOWer
j " .- .... 0 - . - j i
of this Government bo perverted into a means pf
.1 ' i i ' .1. r : l.
wringing irom me Drown nanus 01 ugncumirr,
an indemnity for the losses of speculating, capital,
what property have you in the proceeds of your
toil, what security in the guarantees of. the Con
stitution? Embrace this fatalfallacyofpateru.il
Government, encourage the interference of pre-
duiliuvuvuw - kwfcw v - - - - - - j
and your political contests are as contemptible as
thn5P nf t hp. Guilnh rind Ghibolive factions of an
OMmniimnc lpfrisintors with individual nursints.
tiquity: This is the Thermopylae ot the Constitu-
lion, ana the noble uaroiinian stanas atsignaiea py
his roimtrv's' voice, and the deep devotion of his
character, the Leonidas of the unequal strife.
In conclusion, 1 must again express my regrei
that I cannot fly from the low scenes, which it
has been so long my mistortune to witness, oi po
litical hucksterinr. and dastard airrarianism fsuch
as Rome's slandered Gracchi Would have scorn-
ed into a purer and better atmosphere, where
these corruptions do not exist I long to realise,
what the voice ot awakened tnousanos in your
patriotic State has recently assured 'us, that the
nnlcntinns of the. rrrpaf American heart are. as
thev once were, true' to the sentiments of jtrstice,
equality and freedom. 'That you at least are de
termined to resist a system which would convert
the inhabitants ot this young land ot liberty into
pampered Capitalists and wretched Colonists.
That you have not forgotten the warning words
of Jefferson, whom his letter to Madison with al
most prophetic sagacity thus expresses himself:
"The executive rjower in. our Government is
nofthe only, perhaps not the principal object of
my solicitude, i ne tyranny oi me legisiauuu
is really the danger most to be iearea, ana win
pontiniip to bp so for manv veaTS to come. The
tyranny of the Executive power; will come in its
turn, but at a more distant perioa. .
. .
Gentlemen, tendering to you my sincere wisnes
for your individual happiness, ana my assurances,
that though necessarily absent in person, I shall
be present at your festival in thought and sympa-
my: . - : .. : . . -- ' .-
I have the honor to subscribe myself your obe:
dient servant ' , . W. W. PAYNE.
N. B. I offer the following sentiment: ,
Yu.. r p.fLM.n'bnfl Toil ' WnnHhnrv. the Doric1 and
VtflillWlI u.av. -. - j , -
Trr Aftho Tmnlt nf T.ibertT. thev ar both es-
sential to preserve the strength, beauty, and harmony of
the structure. ' - .".'.' ' "
'.' . . ' Washington, August 30, 1842.
nrvTi tMEK: I have the: honor to acknowl
edge the receipt of your favor of the 24th ult in
viting me after the adjournment oi. congress, io
n.rf,i-a -nr nnhlir' Hinnp.r tendered bv manv citi-
pai wn.& u - j j
zens ot WaTren and the adjoining . counties to the
Hon. Jno. C. Calhoun, at bttpeep springs, in onn
Carolina., Entertaining the . highest- respect for
rvriivtto nnfl nuhlirt character of Mr. Calhoun,
riA spnermpfls T cannot fail to be of the Personal
honor oi Demg inviieu w uc pitotin a., v
. n oonnri whpn j?o - laroe and respectable a
1 - - " . ,1 . n nvanint nf n'jmA O rt
portioa of the people of ; North Carolma propose
to bear its public itestimony to the character arid
..;0o -f an pminent citizen, nothing I assure
OH 1 1"-" -
you, would afford roe more pleasure than to be
presVfat with yoa ; ; But, gentlemen, , the end of a
nine.nionths'. session of - Congress, drawn- out, in
my opinion by the conduct and action oi a majori
'. '? VOL; VIII.N0. 413.; r ..
. THREE PO p If A R.S P, E R . A N N U St .
ty, utterly regardless of Athe rights, of the South,
and fatally bent oh mischi'efj admpnisli.es me that it "
is time for those who have private as well as pub:
lie duties to jperform, to 4e.at hptne. -' I feel my
self constrained; therefore to "yield to ,lhe force cf
circumstances.1 which corn pel, me; reluctantly, to
decline the invitation you ha vebecn -. pleased to'
tender. And for the kind and unmerited terms in
which you speak of me personally, and for the
allusion to my public services,. I ;pray you to ac
cept the homage of my profound - acknowledg
ments, and beg leave to offer, the follpwing senti
ment: 'iv. -::::'." vs. 'vi-':
North Carolina The first to hoist the flag of independ
ence, she will be the last to desert those great principles
by which that independence was achieved. . . . .
Your fellow-citizen,
- Washington City, August 30, 1842.:
(iPYTTTMPV- T Imiro flip honor to ncLTlftW-
ledcrp thp i-pppJnt nf irnnr ffattprino iiivitrition to nar-
take of a public' dinner, which unany citizens of
warren and the adjoining counties propose 10 give
to the Hon. John C. Calhouu, at the close, of the
Dresent session of Cnnorpss. It has been rav for-
I . o , . 7 , . .
tune to have been long associated with that dis
tinguished citizen in, the. councils of the nation,
and few appreciate his. talents ns a statesman, or
his virtues as a man, more highly than ao. n
is with regret, therefore, that I find myself com
pelled by indispensable engagements, to decline
your polite invitation. I regret this necessity the
more, as it will not only deprive me of the pleas
ure of partaking of the hospitalities of tho Democ
racy of rhy good old native State; but compels
me to forego the gratification of. grasping by the
hand many of the associates and friends of my
early youth. . ' :
With the, highest respect, I am
gentlemen, your ob't servant,
The following message was transmitted to the.
House of Representatives by the President of the
United States, on Tuesday the 30th ult. : - ! '
To the House of Representatives' :
By the Constitution of the United Slates it is
provided that "every bill which shall have passed
the House of Representatives and the Senate,
shall, before k become a law, bo -'presented to the
President of the United States; if he approve he
shall sign it; but if not "he shall return it, with
his objections, to that House in which it shall have
originated, who shall enter the objections at large
upon the journal,1 and proceed to reconsider h."
In strict compliance with the positive bbligatinn
thus imposed upon me by the Constitution, not
having been able to bring myself to approve a bill
which originated in the House of Representatives,
entitled "An act to provide revenue from' imports,
and to change and modify existing laws imposing
duties on imports, and for other purposes, I re
turned the same to th House, with my objections
to its becoming a law. These objections, which
had entirely satisfied my o wn mind of the greet
impolicy, if not the unconstitutionality,, of the mea
sure, were presented in the most respectful, and t
ven deferential terms. :. I would not have been so
far forgetful of what was due from one department
of the government to another, as to have intention
ally employed, in my official intercourse with the
House, any language that could be, in the slight
est degree, offensive to those to whom it was ad
dressed. If, in assigning my objections to the bill,
I had so far forgotten what was due to the House
of Representatives as to impugn its motives in pas
sing the bill, I should owe, not only to that House,
but to the country, my most profound apology.
Such departure from propriety is,, however, not
complained of in any proceeding which the IIouso
has adopted. It has, oh the contrary, been cx
preasly mado a subject of remark, and almost of
complaint, that the language in which my dissent
was couched was studiously guardi d and cau
tious. , . ,
- - Such being the character of the official commu
nication in question, I confess I was wholly un
prepared for the course which Jias been pursued
in regard to it. In the exercise of the power to
regulate is own proceedings, the Housfy for the .
first time, it is believed, in tho history of the gov
ernment, thought proper to Tefer the message to a
select committee of its own body," for the purpose
(as my respect foMhe House would have compel
led mo to infer) of deliberately weighing the objec
tions urged against the bill by the Executive, with
a view to its own judgment upon the question of
the final adoption or rejection of the pleasure.
Of tho temper and feelings in relation to myself
of some of the members selected for the perform
ance of this duty, I have nothing to say. That
was a matter entirely, within the discretion of the
House of Representatives. But that committer,
taking a different view of its duty from that Which
I should have supposed had led to its creation, in
stead of confining itself to the objections t urged a
gainst the bill, availed itself of the occasion for
mally to arraign the motives of the President for
others of his acts since his induction into office.
In the absence of all proof ' and as I am bound to
declare, against all law or precedent in parliamen
tary proceedings, and, at the same time, in a man
ner in which it would be ' difficult to reconcile
with the comity hitherto sacredly observed in the
intercourse between independent and co-ordinate
departments of the' government, it has assailed mv
wnoie pmciai conauct, witnout a. shadow of a pre
text for such assault; and, stopped short of im-r
peachfhent, has charged me, nevertheless, with pf-
Had the extraordinary report which the com
mittee thus made, to the Hohse been permitted to
remain witnout tne sanction pi tne latter, i should
not have uttered a regret, or complaint, upon the
subject. ; But, unaccompanied as it is by any par
ticle of testimony to support the' charges 'it con
tains, without a deliberate ' examination, almost
minout any aiscussion; ine tiouse ot Representa
tives has been pleased to adopt it? as' its own.' and
merepy tp pecome my accuser peiore the bountry,
and before' the .world. ' The'hjgh? character of
such 'an accuser, the gravity of the charges which
nave-oeen maue, ana tne judgment pronounced
against meby"the adontion of. the renorrupon'a
distinct and separate' vote of the House, leave me
no alternative Dut to enter jny solemn, protest a
gainst the proceedings,' as anjust" io. -jnyself -as a,
man, as an invasion, of ray constitutional powers
as Cbief Magistrate of the American people, and
as arviolation, in my person, of rights secured to
every citizen by the laws and the Constitution."
That Constitution has intrusted to the Ilouse of
Representatives the sole pdwer' of 'impeachment
. s
1 i
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