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cA imnMrhmPnt is required to be tried before I the most august tribunal known to our institutions. The Senate of the United States, composed of the representatives of the sovereignty of the States, is converted into a ha.ll of justice ; and, m order to insure the strictest observance of the rules of evi dence, and of legal procedure, the Chief Justice of the United States, the highest judicial functionary of the land, is required to preside over its delibera tions. In the presence of each judiciary, the voice of faction is presumed to be silent, and the sen tence of guilt or innocence is pronounced under the most solemn sanctions of religion, of honor, and of law. To such a tribunal does the Consti tution authorize, the House of Representatives to carry up its accusations against any chief of the Executive department whom it may believe to be guilty of high crimes and misdemeanors. Before that tribunal the accused is confronted with his ac cusers, and may demand the privilege, which the justice of the common law secures totfie humblest citizen, of a full, patient, and impartial inquiry in to the facts, upon the testimony of witnesses, rigid ly examined, and deposing in the face of day. If such a proceeding had been adopted towards me, unjust as I should certainly have regarded it, I should, I trust, have met with a becoming con stancy a trial as painful as it would have been un deserved. I would have manifested, by a pro found submission to the laws of ray country, my perfect faith in her justice; and, relying on the parity of my motives, and the rectitude of my con duct, should have looked forward with confidence to. a triumphant refutation in the presence of that country, and by the solemn judgment of such a tribunal, not only of whatever charges might have been formally preferred against me, but of all the calumnies of which I have hitherto been the un resisting victim. As it is, I have been accused without evidence, and condemned without a hear ing. As far as such proceedings can accomplish it, I am deprived of public confidence in the ad ministration of the Government, and denied even the boast of a good name a name transmitted to me from a patriot father, prized as my proudest inheritance, and carefully preserved for those who are to come after me, as the most precious of all earthly possessions. I am not only subjected to imputations affecting my character as an individu al, but am charged with offences against the coun try, so grave and so heinous as to deserve public disgrace and disfranchisement. I am cnargeu with violating pledges which I never gave; and because I execute what I believe to be the law, with usurping powers not conferred by law; and above all, with using the powers conferred upon the President by the Constitution, from corrupt motives and for unwarrantable ends. And these charges are made without any particle of evidence to sustain them, and, as I solemnly affirm, with out any foundation in truth. Why is a proceeding of this sort adopted at this time 1 Is the occasion for it found in the fact, that, having been elected to the second office under the Constitution by the free and voluntary suffra ges of the people, I have succeeded to the first, ac cording to the express provisions of the fundamen tal law of the same people ? It is true that the succession of the Vice President to the Chief Mag istracy has never occurred before, and that all pru-d-.-nt and patriotic minds have looked on this new trial of the wisdom and stability of our institutions with a somewhat anxious concern. I have been made to feel too sensibly the difficulties of my un precedented position, not to know all that is intend ed to be conveyed in the reproach cast upon a President without a party. But I found myself placed in this most responsible station, by no usur pation or contrivance of my own. I was called to it, under Providence, by the supreme law of the land, and the deliberately declared will of the people. It is by these, the people, that I have been clothed with the high powers which they have seen fit to comfide to their Chief Executive, , From the -Ohio Statesman. It would not., be nccessarv to notice the stigma HIGHLY 'IMPORTANT MOVEMENT thus attempted to be casUapoaVtEe respectable fe- THE : RELIGIOUS PORTION OF TUB . mities huu upjmiitu. m ujni wtiia6.o 4M --r cession, under the immediate care ana auenuam-o of a committee of fifty-two of our most reputable citizens, were the character of that ,' print as well known throughout the country as it is in this city; but as it is not, I deem it my duty to pronounce th lanoriiao-e above nuoted as wilful V and mall- ... e--0 T. - . AMONG TIIE RELIGIOUS FORTIUS Ur PEOPLE. The following movement comes to us with heal in or on its win its. Nothing has ever sriven us such concern for the future nothing so much caused us to doubt, whether it were possible for our institutions to weather the storms or anarcny, . , f . na ,t ,9 nrA r Not oiie cab was ine le uL - and the madness of nartv leaders, as to see professors of religion aye, its teachers too, whoop ing and hallooing after the low, dirty and scurril ous party banners, from cider barrels and coon skin3, to libellous personal pictures, carried about bv the drunken, crazy, song-singing mob, en couraged and approved of, by the Executive of the State, and the highest officers oi me govern ment, of Whig politics. The demoralization the uprooting of all social and correct feeling, pro duced by such shameful electioneering, must soon upturn a republican form of "government, which can only exist on the intelligence and virtue of the people. It is high time for the good, of all par ties, to unite their'energies to stop such monstrous scenes of iniquity. A legislative moD, mat struct i whpn he wrote lhat despicabie insinuation, he at the root of all representative government, and j Jja'd nQ dorsal reflcctions concerning the flagela- tne scenes of recKioss vionnce, now uuempicu iu uC i . :vwi.ror nn insuit which he offered to in the line of procession with or without females, as every person who witnessed the parade can tes tify. ; Moreover, orders were given b the Grand Marshal to his Aids not to permit any cab or car-riao-o containing females to come into the line of ' procession, unless it had the appropriate badge, or were under the direction ot one or more oi iue committee of fifty-two on carriages. , . " This precaution was deemed necessary to pre vent improper females from being brought into the rjrocession bv some of the Victoria parly, who had nreviousl v threatened to do so. Having thus disposed of the infamous and dastardly libel upon the character of respectable females, I now ask the "fifrhtini? editor" of that vile .print wheth- . . .. i 1 and 4. Martin Van Buben : -fi stern republican. 5. Silas Wright : An able, virtuous, and upright man. 6. R. M. Johnson : The veteran of many bloody battles. OSome volunteer toasts were then offered. . Col. Allen Rogers senr., acted, as President, and j ty to bid him Wait until the four months got up to sustain it, muBt alarm the true friends of morality, religion, and civil Government, every- where. It cannot be sustained, it is impossiDie. From the Zanesville Aurora. Jr We place the following communication un der our editorial head, and we put it in Large type, so that none may overlook it. No comments are called for, yet we cannot forbear remarking, that if ever thrre was a time when tne true ennsuan was called upon bv duty duty to the Maker whom he serves to himself and to his children, to mtpmnse his aid in ouellin!r tne maaness oi party, in rescuing the Constitution under which we have Jived for forty years in prosperity, peace and happiness, from the violence of a desperate mob now is that period. To the Editor of the Aurora : Sir: The article that follows (which you are requested to publish) is the joint production of three gentlemen of Muskingum county, each of whom are members of different branches of the Church, and one of whom is a State Rights Republican and supporter of John Tvler, another is a Whig, and the third a Democrat. Two of them supported Harrison and Tyler in 1840, and one of them Van Buren and Johnson. To the views expressed by them, the attention of that portion of the Whig party to whom the article is addressed, (as well as all persons who think our Government can only be supported by reason, addressed to the cool judg ment of the people,) is respectfully invited. TO OF THE RELIGIOUS PORTION THE WHIG PARTY: A movement is now being made, brethren, by the political men of the Whig party, that ought to meet with your decided disapprobation at the onset Songs & Revelry, Mirth and Rowdyism, Profanity and Impiety are brought to bear, allot a suduen, a respectable female in a boarding house in this city, not so Jong since, nor so ieeDiy aaminisiereu as to have escaped either his memory or his back. And I would further ask whether he feels him self in a condition, calf and all considered, to re ceive another of equal tenacity, which assuredly awaits him for his cowardly calumny against the character of the ladies who, accompanied by their husbands and brothers, united in that patriotic pro cession 1 JOSEPH HOPKINS, Grand Marshal. From the Globe. WHIGGERY MAKING ANOTHER HARD CIDER FROLIC. . The leaders of Whiggery, (who have been a bout one year in session since their hard-cider frol ic) having absolutely exhausted the treasury, and destroyed the credit of the nation, have risen, like a flock of pigeons, from a place where they had devoured all the mast, and are now pervading the land in all directions, purveying for another elec tioneering campaign. The disappointment of all their schemes of meditated rapine consequent on ! the defeat of Clay s nomination by Harrison, and by the death of the latter has excited a half-famished frenzy among the banditti of political specu lators; and they are running at once into the no torious extravagances to which they suppose they owed their success in 1840. Already in Ohio they have begun their agitation with a revolution ary movement. It is ascertained, beyond doubt, that the resignation of the Federal members, which broke up the Legislature for the want of a quorum, was settled upon days before the district ing bill was matured, or had received that shape which the resigning members afterwards made the pretext for their abandoned course. The re signations show, on their face, that they had been dated some days prior to the adjustment ofthe dis the Rev. Buiat well Temple, as Vice : President, on this interesting occasion. ' ' ; . k " " . . Mr. Shepard now moved that his Resolutions be adopted, and they were passed unanimously. : JAMES G. JEFFREYS, Secretary. upon us. The people have, until within two weeks trjct3 n the bill, which it was finally determined past, been comparatively calm. Cool and dispas sionate judgment pervaded the public mind, and the effects of that calm were to be seen in the mul- to take offence at : and the first date in the resig nations was erased, and another substituted, to com port, jn point of timp, with the preparation of the this happy influence upon the public mind, ap pears to be in a fair way, not only to have a blight upon it, but in some degree, for a time at least, sus pended. Shall this be so, brethren ? Will you tolerate the madness of party, by thus lending yourself to its wicked devices? If you do, an aw- and been charged with the solemn responsibility! ful responsibility will rest upon you. Think not nnrf inhh Ihnon nnnraK orotn ha srnro :o I. ; Ui.U VOUf UIKUICU IU IUB VllUriiUW, IV I1U U1UC1 UAAAW lUUgb UU 1 J A& l fc-V Jt UAVI VIOL VI, IV I ..... ... tituds of all creeds of politics, who were enlisted . bill, which it was settled should give countenance unaer tne oanner oi une wno is mignuer man the Kings and Princes of the earth. Indeed, such was the happy impression made upon the minds of many good men, that it was cited to as the har binger of the Millennial Day Glory. But, alas ! is to them I hold myself answerable, as a moral agent, for a free and conscientious discharge of the with you politically can set by idly and see you lend your countenance and support to these ungod to their premeditated conspiracy. These facts we have on unquestionable authority; and the cir cumstances confirming them are spread through the press of Ohio, so as to leave no doubt on the mind of any as to the motive of the Federal agita tors in that State. These manacrers had seen atate alter btate a- RpW 1 j j THE ST AND A HI). . v t r- - : " ' A lanx-of Obdurate-friends gave way. Mr. Andrews Here UCTf. 8A?nii:b arose, ana responaea r two of Kentucky (the roll being called -through, and .hours with his usual ability, and advocated the Resolu ik finniu. in iko of mAlrino it a tie bv his tions -proposed by -Mh SukpaHd. ., ; ,-. y n vote, and so afrestirifr the bill V demanded thepriv- 3- The Hon. Jo. C. CuiiortrJ patriot ilege of voting. He voted, and carried the bilL . aietman. Mr. Stanly (who had held h:s vote m reserve) then claimed the right to vote, and did so ; know ing that the bill was, in fact, carried without it. v And what do we now see, after Mr. Clay's scheme of throwing everything into disorder for want of revenue that he might have tariff, bank, and distribution, all attached to his car, to drag him to the Presidency had miscarried? We see grand spectacles, gotten up in Philadel phia and New York, to glorify him as the author of a measure which he labored to defeat; and the most conspicuous of his friends rwho figured in the House, and out of it, to effectuate this hostile design are carried about, and exhibited as the great achievers of the tariff ; while the man who notoriously whipped them into its support is not named.. .. . . . In Philadelphia Mr. McKennan was the man ager who played off the Clay puppets to assume for him the credit of a measure, which they and their chief sought most anxiously to stifle. .The Philadelphia papers, relating the feats .of the city jubilee, prepared to give Mr. Clay a triumph for a tariff victory, when he and his troops actually fought against it, tell us that The meeting called for several members, but the Hon. T. M. T. McKennan of Washington, Pa., appeared in behalf of the members of Con gress present, and expressed their warm acknowl edgement of the kind reception given.- He, how ever, soon and most gratifyingly slid into an ac count of the proceedings of Congress, and the thwarting which the Whigs had endured from the one-man power. His history of the passage oltne tantl bill was listened to with interest, and cheered with hearty zeal. Mr. McKennan named three Whigs who had distinguished themselves by their zeal, and for the cause of the people. He named Mr. Fillmore, of New York, the chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means : Mr. Thompson, of Indiana : and last, not least, Ed ward Stanly, of North Car olina. His name brought a thunder of applause. "That man," said he, "was restrained from voting in favor of the bill last presented, by the feeling, and almost direct instructions, of his constituents. He did not vote at all. -But when he saw that the vote of the Speaker would kill the bill, he forgot all himself, his private views, his sectional pre judices and remembered only his party and the nation, and gave his vote ; and thus saved the bill. "It is not much for us, for members of Con gress from the middle States, or the Eastern States, to give a vote for the tariff, even if our constituents do not like it. But in the South, whose prejudices have always prevailed against a tariff, the man who could thus come forward, and sustain his par ty and the nation by such a vote, deserved everlast ing fame." Mr. McK then remarked that the Whigs had inscribed on their banner a sound currency, pro tection to national industry, and the distribution of the proceeds of the public lands. "With that ban ner," said he, "we must succeed, and Henry Clay will bear it aloft." .Mr. Clay and the Hillsboro' Record The Hillsboro' Recorder defend Mr . . VIUU J y 1 if thofntioh'tntinnnf the TTn'1 Ct . 'ullUi . uuiics, DV talr seat before his age entitled him, in a most ner. The defence is "whig to the core." in. angular er says : "In his zeal for fault-finding, the Standa ii srets that the constitution nroride.q that ...i. l nouse .i . f be the judge of the qualification of its members- and if the Senate thought him inelligible because Li four months of beiner thirfv vmm nf ra ... . s 1 j bf nas Wednesday, September 38, 1 8413. had We think Mr. Clay's conscience should ha u. nmnir in- ranrti tn tiia ncrt nf wKiI. tk- a .r.. ,.-0 r o- - - ic oenate co, know nothing. ,TheoMr months that he lacked o(Q constitutionally eligible could not have been en,. his own memory -hence, his offering himself to taj, ' oath to support the Constitution, as a United States S. f w cuj an tiuvaiuvu .uu a vudl w IliCIl Were ( to his own bosom. Of how much value his oalh in that very oath, we leave to moraUsts, not to coon-., I whiggery to decide. . 11 ' ? The Recorder justifies Mr. Clay on another gnl Mr. Randolph, being asked "How old rt thou," feplie. "Ask my constituents" consequently, Mr. Clay hjj right to smuggle himself into the Senate in violation 4 the Constitution. The absurdity of this conclusion it apparent, that we wonder the editor ventured to serr I up 1 1 u 1 iw uic gun?. iii uas uw uiuic Ucaling 00 the suDjeci man wouta oe ine iaci 01 a loaa s bein a tail. ' ; ur - 1 t ? -i '' . f m . vv e itnow noming oi me case oi mr. jsrown. But if it were true that he took his seat in the Legislature before he was "of age," or 21 , the cases are by no means narral iei- - vurconsmuuon is sueni as 10 tne age of the mem. hor nf tVi T.ocnclatiird Tl PnnoiW. . r .1 . - - - 0.-.-. ... vuuiiiiuiiuii ui me United States says, expressly, "No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the age of thirty y eats' V and whether Mr. Clay lacked four months or fourytm, the infraction of the Constitution is perpetrated by ft, man who thus deceives. We admit lhat this is a smj cheat in comparison with the general deceptions of ii, whiggery. But the act cannot be justified UDon cor MONEY MARKET. The resumption by the Banks of Virginia has brought their notes up to par. The' notes of the Farmer's Bank, the Bank of Virginia, the Exchange Bank, and the Bank of the Valley, are takeu in payment of dues to the Bank of the State here. This removes an inconvenience un der which our people have labored for some time, as lk..A tnn n MnnoMAmkla tmni' mnndtf in i5 rifl1ot I ftfl ' ft 11 TMM til flftr Sv Unif armi m An . I 1 I . 1 which did not answer the purpose of those who dealt j erable stuffthe Recorder issues upon the subject, with the Banks here. Other Virginia Bank Notes are "PROSPRTPTin v refused at the Bank cf the State not because they are n.. . jux. k f ,ha i nvnnlanf inratinn ' ,JC "cS'3lc' " Tery much homfied at the idea 0( of the Banks that issue them. We believe the Branch J Zll" ?' " T reCOlleCt Wshf' hegmi . . . - most palpable hint to his Dartv to act nnnn tv.a .r,;..i Bank of Cape Fear does not take v.rgm.a money-nor . - - """'"I can we sav whether it will do so or not. " . ?. " " . "7 " ' MI.nI 'ea ncm no in on n tirttoiAn : W. tKSnt .t ..r Htw tn, 9nnriM our rezAera that the . . ' " " ,,ow nowevcr, r . anv fhmir hilt acrrooihla anA ka ..:.. . .j S. C. has failed. The!"' - ,u.Fr,seu m me i.-uiuuiuiiij Biiouiu oe aisiuroea to gratify" a "small number of interested persons." Really it is a pity this Bank ofCheraw, at Cheraw, Merchant's Bank of South Caiolina, at the same jHace, is good.' The Corporations that have tailed in Georgia, and the was not thought of in the campaign of 1840 when the ' i cnmmiimtv waa nrsttv tntioh 1!atfKo1 r ..n bills of which are, of course, worthless, are the Augusta , . V, lcr u,e e- Bridge Company, Augusta; Bank of 'Macon, Macon ; , rK - . . , . , - A t-i ou u u i he Register thinks there wa9 no proscription on the Belfast Mining Company, Dahlonega; Chattahoochee . v v u.u ine , , . oiu j part of the whiggery in this State, and moreover is not R. Road and Banking Company, Columbus; and Mer-,r ? J ' ,s m . . . . . n i a i i willing to admit "the removal of one officer, to male chant's and Planters Bank, Augusta. There are several . " A;t:n. rn;iia in th Stat offieor. that wy for aether, equally meritorious." Has the Regis- , i nmrrUtA state, at Autmsta. where New York ter ffgoen the removal of Mr. Gwinn to make place , . . - Wm ,..- i- r for Mr. Bynum, in the office of Solicitor? Exchance is 1 per cent premium. We subjoin a list of i . ... them : Bank of Darien and Branches 7U per cent dis. Bank of Hawkinsville 36 " " Has he for gotten the ruthless proscription of the whiggery both in and out 'of the State? If so, it will be our duty, occa: 8i'onally to refresh his memory. Central R. R. and Banking Co. Savannah 15 to 20 " Phoenix Bank, Co!umbus The name of Henry Clay was received with : insurance Bank of Columbus, Macon snouts an entnusiasm tbat delighted ucmuigee uanK, aiacou deafeninjr all. Amidst calls for various public speakers, the meeting adjourned, to meet in front ofthe Exchange at eight o'clock, it being then quite seven. Immediately over the President's chair was the word tariff in illuminated characters, and a lit- l.itloa irrTi.Vh tii0, uva m Tf io iv Qemonstrations ot party, it will not be sum- nftt nsiin in liri.lnnl TnrftW thnt 1 nm nmrrnlU Cient for yOU tO Say that yOU do not approve Of r.nr. tri roaiattKoenrnnKnont riirinrCf;t,it;r.oi -this political movement or that It will not do power. I represent the Executive authority of' f?r :ou to say that you do not a"end these sonS" the people ofthe United States: and it is in their ! ?in?ino meetings. No, this will not excuse you name (whose mere agent anl servant I am, and i betore Oodor at the bar of your own conscience. whose will, declared in their fundamental law, I dare not, even were I inclined, to disobey.) that 1 protest against every attempt to break down the' undoubted constitutional power of this department. To vindicate correct morals the purity of the churches, and the christian character, you must vote against the candidates these men present for your support. This is the only efficient way of without a solemn amendment of that fundamental i putting down the periodical return of this wicked, law ungfodly and immoral way of agitating the political 1 am determined to uphold the Constitution in lvorld- II not do to say tllis is an extreme this, as in other respects, to the utmost of my abil- j case rf)r that we will do evil that good may grow ity, and in defiance ot all personal consequences, i ont ofit lfthis ground be taken, party reck lcss- W hat may happen to an individual is of little im-, utiS anu "Siuuy win always nave a special case portance : but the Constitution of the country, or any ot its great and clear principles and provisions, in every contest by which to excuse itself Urethren, think of this matter, and pray about it, is too sacred to be surrendered, under any circum-: and may the sPirit of g& direct you in the way stances whatever, by those who are charsred with juu IIUUiU its protection and defence. Least of all should he be held guiltless, who, placed at the head of one ofthe great departments ofthe Government, should shrink from the exercise of its unquestionable au thority on the most important occasions ; and should consent, without a struggle,, to efface all the barriers so carefully created by the people to control ana circumscribe the powers confided to their various asrents, August 20, 1842. From the Baltimore Republican and Argus. VILE SLANDER. So far from expending any of their "intelli gence," ot whig "thunder in censuring the dis graceful stain placed upon the Ashburton dinner, It may be desirable, as the ! the whig press in this city, on the contrary, at majority ofthe House of Representatives has de- tempt to cast a stigma upon the character of those clared it is, that no such check upon the will ofthe who pro erl and pr0mPtly.been engaged Legislature should be suffered to continue. This1. . a- j. - , is a matter for the people and the States to decide: i m attemPtinS t0 WIPe offthe disgrace. We give but, until they shall have decided it, I shall feel ine ""lowing irom one oi ine lay organs in this city. Correspondence of the Baltimore Patriot. NEW YORK, Monday, P. M. The Tvlnr and Loco Foco procession took myself bound to execute, without fear or favor, the ; t s ... . i saw as it nas oeen written by our predecessors. I protest against this whole proceeding of the House of Representatives, as ex parte and extra judicial. I protest arainst it. as stibvprsiv nf thr common risrht of all citizens to be condpmnwl nn. place this afternoon but to describe it, would be lyupon a fair and impartial trial, according to impossible, in language to be correct, and yet fit law and evidence, before the country. I protest for publication. A great number of rowdies and against it, as destructive of all tho comity of inter- tner ladies was there, in carriages. For it is a course between the Departments of this Govern- melancholy fact that every large city is capable ment, and designed, sooner or later, to lead to con- of producing a number of such creatures, who are flicts fatal to the peace and integrity ofthe Cnn?ti- ready and willing thus to exhibit themselves. This correspondent, it appears, is but the echo tution. 1 protest aaramst it, m the name of th.it protection and deface,, but of every American j (lf nl the fUrce 1Q of the New York Courier citizen, l protest against it, in tne name f the Cjl 4u,rer u,c" as ujuuc a similar auutu people, by whose will I stand where I do. and bv upon the character of the ladies in the procession. whose authority I exercised the power which I am If they were of. the class denominated by the - tu i : . i i . i w I J J cording to my own comirtions of dulv. of the i Srace ,0 those engaged in it ; butjf not, (as we nign stewarasnip connaca to me by them. I pro test, against it, in the name of all regulated liberty, and all limited government, as a proceeding tend ing, to me. uuer aesirucuon oi me. checks and bandon Whiggery, in the recent elections. They ; e ."S111 of il lhe nanie of Clay, in sim have been constantly ascribing this defection Irom j Jiai uinuauy . the coonery of 1840 to apathy to the want ofthe - Mr. McKennan is guilty of a deliberate misrep excitement and wild extravagance which charac-: rescntation, Avhen, speaking of Mr. Stanly, he terized the dmageguei$m which they supposed .says, When he (Mr. Stanly) saw that the vote of Yior ti-i iTnr- nVitvl nvpr (ho snunrl nnrl stfndv nrinri. ! the Sneaker if, Mil A hill thf hi " Xr.n ' f uhm pies of the people. Under this impression. Al-; his vote, and thus saved the bill." fred Kelly, Corwin, and the other instruments of j There is not a member in Cnnorpss whn the agitators in the State in 1840, resolved to re-, present at the time, who does not know this to be ' new mem, Dy a dissolution oi me uegisiamre untrue. Mr. Stanly did not vote until after Mr. which, it was well imagined, would stimulate all! Andrews claimed the right to vote, and did vote their friends to activity, in proportion as it exas- making a majority for it the Speaker's vote to the perated the Democracy, that found its authority contrary notwithstanding. Mr. Stanly, then, after swept from under it by this audacious and facti- ( he. saw the bill carried, demanded a vote : and this tious procedure. The first dates of the resigna-1 evidently to turn the success to. Mr. Clay's account tibns show that this scheme would have been car- his peculiar friends, and he amoti" them havino ried out on some other pretext, if the district bill hung out against it declaiming ainst it--swear- 7 to 10 " 5 to 6 " 6 to 8 " 5 " 45 to 50 " 53 to 54 " Exchange Bank, Brunswick Milledgeville Citj Council Bills Columbus City Council Bills Monroe R. Road and Banking Co. Macon uncertain Planters and Mechanics Bank, Columbus do. The bills of the Central Bank of Georgia were quoted at S3 to 34 dis. in Augusta, in the early part of the pre sent month, and at 35 dis. in New York, on the 17th inst., but we see, by the last Georgia papers, that they are now considered good. A correspondent from Hamptonville, Surry county, writes to the editor of the Salem Gazette, under date of; Sept 9, as follows THE SHOCCO DINNER. The proceedings at the Dinner given to Mr. Calhoun, with the Letters of those gentlemen who could not at tend, are published in this paper. The incidents ofthe occasion as .veil as the Letters themselves, shew the high estimation in which cur illustrious fellow-citizen of South Carolina, is held by the Democracy of the Old North State and elsewhere. The occasion has afforded many intelligent and patriotic citizens an opportunity to bestow a just tribute of praise to the public virtues and private worth of this great and excellent man. THE PRESIDENT'S PROTEST. We publish President Tyler's Protest, against the ac tion of the House of Representatives nn his veto of the Tariff This State Paper has received the universal ap- There came under my observation, plause of the friends of equal rights throughout the U- had not furnished one. We allude to this commencement ofthe revolu tionary movements in the West, to explain the similar movement which had been resolved on at Washington, under the explicit orders of Mr. Clay, who, we understand, was expressly quoted in the Whig caucuses as advising the adjournment of Congress without providing any revenue mea sure, after the veto of that embracing the land dis tribution. It is certain that his particular friends the Speaker, and all his prominent men from Kentucky and Indiana, together with Messrs. John GL Adams and Fillmore insisted on break ing up Congress without any revenue law ; de claring that on which the President acted abso lutely dead : denouncing the Grovernment as col ing against it up to the last hour, From this time forth, the identical thing which Mr. Clay sought to put down, because it could not carry his distribution with it, is now to be put up, and carried through the country in juxtaposition with his name, as it was at the Philadelphia Ex change '-THE TARIFF, in illuminated char acters, and, a little to the right ofit, the name of viay, m similar Driinancy. a few days since, three One Dollar bills, purporting to j be of the Bank ol tne btate ot soutn Carolina, payaoie 10 John Rosser, dated 7th August. 1841, 12th October. 1840, and 9th August, 1840 ; Branch of Columbia, letter D, and numbered 144, 142, 241. D. L. Dessasure, Cashier, and Thos. Sullivan, Pres't. "The above described bills have a new and preposses sing appearance, well calculated, especially in these hard times, to deceive, but are undoubtedly base coun terfeits. The person who exhibited them to me, said he received them of a man in Wilkes County, and I suspect there is an office of discount in some of the coves ofthe j nion and affords sufficient indications that Mr. Tyler's firmness will not yield to the violent demonstrations of the whiggery in any shape, but that he will fearlessly sustain his principles and support the Constitution. The Tuscaloosa Union says : "The protest is written with skill and energy, and embodies the same sound con stitutional doctrines so eloquently set fort by the sage and hero ofthe Hermitage, the great and good Jackson, in his memorable" protest to the Senate in 1834, against the adoption ofthe resolutions by that body, censuring him for the removal ofthe deposites from the Bank ofthe United States. That protest was the most calmly elo- mountains. I have seen counterfeit one dollar bills of j quent and dignified of all the able state papers that bear COMMUNICATION. For the North Carolina Standard. Dinner to Mr. Shepard. Oil Thursday the 22d, the day appointed for the Dinner lectins: duties as the tyrant Charles I. did his ; at Rolesville, a very large and moat enthusiastic assem shio-monev without authority of law : and. ar blv met to "do honor to our Senator elect. . There were pealing1 to the people on the p-rounds of Mr. Ad- one from FrankliH, some from Nash, and other Counties, balances ofthe constitution, and the accumulating in the hands to the House of Representatives, or a bare majority of Congress" for. the time beino-, an uncontrolled and despotic power. And I respect fully ask that this, my protest, may be enteredup on the journal ofthe House of Representatives, as a solemn and formal declaration, for all time tn come, 'of the injustice and unconstitutionality of such a proceeding. I JOHN TYLER. Washington, August 30, 1842. believe,) then, if there is not manliness amon? the relations of those Tadies who were in the proces sion to promptly and in a feeling manner resent the insult, then must they be craven hearted indeed. We find the following, on the subject in a New York paper: . A CARD. ' My attention has been, called to an article in that infamous sheet called the Courier and En quirer, of this morning, in which the following language is used: "They, (meaning the ladies in the twenty-six carriages,) are in no wise to blame as we know of,-if some dozen cab loads ofthe a bandoned did turn out with them." am's report against the veto, make that the issue of Federalism, amidst the convulsions which the want of means to carry on the Government would necessarily introduce. From Washington, with the dispersion of Congress, this commotion was to proceed. The Government enfeebled without credit with its power to collect the customs dis putedwith a Chief Magistrate almost impeached as the author of general disorganization Mr. Clay imagined he could get up a storm, which the nation would be persuaded nobody could al- lay dui nimseir. Mr. Marshall, the Representative from Mr. Clayrs own district would not go with his col leagues in this course. In a very able and elo quent speech, he declared himself opposed to it: and said he was willing to be read out ofthe whig party, (as he was assured was intended,) rather than surrender himself to a current which must precipitate the Government into anarchy, and the country into incalculable difficulties. Messrs. Adams, Fillmore, Thompson of Indiana, Stanly, Davis of Kentucky, the Speaker indeed, all the leading special friends of Mr. Clay, did their ut most to thwart Mr. Marshall's movement Mr. Fillmore opposed, in his Committee of Ways and Means, the report of his own tariff, because it was stripped of distribution ; and all the others we have named supported his course . in the House. Mr. Marshall, (who is a member of the Committee of Ways and Means,) prevailed so far as ta compel Mr. Fillmore to report the bill but, after he had done so, he ; opposed it openly m the House; and in this opposition he was aided by the particular friends of Mr. Clay the Speaker signalizing himself by' two casting votes to defeat it - It was found, however, in this crisis, that a suf ficient number of Democrats opposed to the bill, but willing to pass it as a temporary measure ra theT than stop the wheels of Government' would join the Northern tariffites to carry it through, in some snape or other; and then Mr. Clay's pha- the same bank, but these are different from any I ever saw." , We quote this week : - Exchange on N. York, Ral. and Gas. R. Road Wil. and Raleigh " Bank ofthe State " Cape-Fear 1 to '2 " premium. Stocks. 2 1-2 to 3 on $100 paid in. ' 15 to 20 " "100 85 to 90 " " JVew York and Philadelphia quotations : The utmost harmony and good order prevailed through out, and every, thing seemed propitious for Democracy. After partaking of a fine dinner, the following were offer ed as . REGULAR TOASTS i 1. James B. Shepard : The people's man, and the 1 -. lit . . .1 Wk man jor tiie people. w e congratulate me .Democracy oi Wake on their success in his election ; and we feel as sured from his past services to the Democratic cause, that Mr. S., in the approaching Legislature, will fully realize our proud expectations. Mr. Shepard here rose and responded to the toast He exposed whiggery in a most awful manner, and prov ed that there were certain great interests in this and every Civilized country, in favor of a National Debt ; that these interests belonged to the Whig party ; and that, conse quently, the Whigs were for a National Debt He spoke of the late Protective Tariff of the high taxes proposed by whiggery and demonstrated that all the schemes were for an ulterior purpose. Mr. S. spoke for about an hour, with his usual ability, and closed by offering the following Resolutions, and stated that at the end of the meeting, he would request a vote upon them : .. Resolved, first. That we are opposed to a National Debt, to high Taxes, and a Protective Tariff (the founda tion for a National Bank), as contrary to the best interest of the country, and as tending to .impair the bands that bind and unite us as one great and happy people; and that we can support no man for any political station, who favors a National Debt and a high Protective Tariff, with a view to a National Bank, ' . Resolved, secondly. That reposing as we do, entire confidence in the private character, public patriotism, and well-tried State Rights principles of Johit C. Cal houn, and believing as we do, that no man in the nation unites in a more eminent degree the executive talents for carrying out the great measures of reform in the ad ministration of our Government, so necessary at the pres ent crisis:' This meeting unites most heartily with our fellow-citizens of Mecklenburg, in the nomination of JOHN C CALHOUN, of. South-Carolina, as the can didate of the Republican party, for the next President of the United States. But this nomination,, however, shall be subject to the decision of a National Convention. 2. Hon. R. M. Saukders : Our worthy member of Congress. He is heartily welcome among us ; and we offer him our approbation for his manly course as our Representative in Congress. ' Alabama Bank Notes 27 to Tennessee " 7 to Georgia " - 3 to S. Carolina " 2 to Bank United States, Notes, 60 Stocks. United States 6 per cent 98 30 per cent. dis. 8 " " 37 " 21-2" " do U. S. Treasury Notes N. York State 7 " c g Pennsylvania 5 Ohio 6 Kentucky 6 . U. S. Bank Stock to 991-2 100 to 90 to 40 to 73 to 78 to 99 o n $100 to 100 " V 101 " ' 90 1-2" 40 1-4" " 74 " " 79 " " 1 1-2 to 2 3-4 on $100 paid in Bank of Columbus, Columbus, 62 per cent dis. To Postmasters! We once more remind those Postmasters who are'in correspondence with this office, that their Letters do not come free unless their names are written on the outside, j as follows : "A B. P. M. free." Attention to this lit j tie matter will save us unnecessary expense, and a tax fthat bur friends do not intend to impose on us. We have had to pay postage on two Letters from Postmasters, within a few days, on account of the omission. We hope our friends will attend to this matter. the signature ot that great statesman : yet the Senate refu sed to enter it upon their journal by a vote of 26 to 16 ; a mong the 27 nays voting this act of injustice to the pat riot Jackson, was the name of Joh.y Tvler. The poi soned chalice has now been returned to his own lips. The House of Representatives have refused to enter his protest upon their journal ; and we leave him to reflect upon his former injustice to Jackson for all the consola tion he can derive from it in this hour of his own trial. Our sympathy offers him no other consolation." Ocj- The Register speaks of the "culpable supineness and inactivity ofthe whigs,' at the late election, and at tributes the result to that cause. In the same paragraph the editor says, "the whigs ofthe Old North State never stood more firm , than at this moment." And Pray where do they stand? Oh we perceive they stand firm in "culpable supineness and inactivity." The Register gives them the injunction, "die, but don't surrender." We should guess they have not got a great deal to surren der, after having given up all but "culpable supineness and inactivity." . - . . JIHODE ISLAND. , The Convention for framing a Constitution for Rhode Island, is in session, -and making good progress. It is hoped that the Cenvention will "yield something to the spirit of liberty.? Wt is in this hope, we presume,- that the people of that State offer no resistance to the present authorities of the State.. NOTES ON THE CENSUS. A Cincinnati paper has some very interesting facts and calculations, relative to the population of the United States, under the above head. It is stated that there oc curs, between 15 and 23, one death in 211 ; between 25 and 35, one death in 43; between 35 and 45, one death in 76 ; between 45 and 55, one death in 54 ; between 55 arid 65, one death in 34 ; between 65 and 75, one death in 19 ; between 75 and 85, one death in 125 ; between 85 and 95, one death in 112; between 95 and 105, one .death in 116. The above shows a less proportion of deaths between 15 and 25, in proportion to those between 5 and 15 than the bills of mortality generally show. From the age of 35, the proportional number of deaths continually increase, until at the age of 100 but few re main. The last census-shows 759 persons above the age of 100. Notwithstanding the great number of those who die young, yet more than two hundred thousand white persons in the United States are past the age of seventy. The laws of life and mortality between the sexes are very remarkable. They may be stated thus : 1. In the present condition of the white population of the United States, the number . of females born per an num are about twelve thousand less than the males. This determines of itself that polygamy is not a natural condition of man ; and that the laws of nature and re ligion are the same that one man shall be the husband of one woman. 2. At twenty years of age, the females exceed the males. This proves that, between birth and twenty, the mortality among the boys has been much greater than that among the girls. . "- , 3- From twenty to forty, the men again much exceeds the woman, which shows that this is the period of great est mortality, among women. 4. From forty to seventy, the difference rapidly dimin ishes the females, as in the early part of life, gaining on the males. This shows that this is the period of greatest danger and exposure to men the least to women. 5. From seventy onward the women outnumber the men. This shows, conclusively,- that, relatively speak ing, in comparison with men, the healthiest period of fe male life is the close ofit. Absolutely, however, no pe riod to either sex is so . healthy as that of youth the blooming period of boyhood and girlhood.