Newspaper Page Text
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cosDE.vsfib FB? TH,i: GLO-l
Tuesday, March 26.
In tbe to-day, the most important sub
ject which occupied attention was the resolution of
the Finance Committee for the indefinite postpone
ment of the bill introduced by Mr. McDuffie for
reducing the rate of duties, under tbe present tar
iff to the standard oitne compromise uci. mr. d
ton, in continuation of his remarks of yesterday,
addressed the Senate for an hour and a half ; fire!
taking up the subject of manufactures, witba
iew of showing tbe relative condition of the
manufactures previous to the late war, and after
tbe war. He showed that, in 1810, tho United
States were very little behind England when the
latter had a like amount of population. The pop
ofoiion of the United States, in 1810, was eight
millions, corresponding nearly with the popula
tion of England from 1786 to 1787. England,
in 1787, after five hundred years of accumulating
nrers in manufacturing, bad manufactures a-
mountine to 9 266.000,000, with a population of
eight and a half millions. The United States, in
1810, with a population of eight millions, had
manufactures in a thriving condition amounting to
200,000,000; showing that, in little ovpt twen
ty years of independence, this country had nearly
overtaken England, which had required five cen
turies to reach $266,000,000. Mr. Tench Coxc,
the gentleman appointed by Mr. Galltain to in
vestigate the statistics of manufactures in 18M), as
certatned that instead of $1 28,000,000, (the a
mount of American manufactures as represented
by the census of that day,) it was rraHy over
$200,000,000; and he also ascertained that this
growth had been spontaneous, arising from the
thriving condition of the country, the energy of a
young people enjoying free institutions, and the
incidental nrotection afforded bv the inrome of
revenue derived from ad valorem dutirsof 5 to 15
per cent., and specific duties never exceeding
from one-quarter to one-third of the real value.
This thriving condition of manufactures grew up
without one syllable being ever heard of the word
tariff", or anti-revrnue proti ction being coveted a?
a necessary element of such pro5periy. No one
that he had ever conversed with could recolh-ci
having heard of the word tariff anterior to 1810.
Yet now it wns the watch-word of mil lion.! ry
monopolists and aspiring politicians. It was clung
to as the ladder of promotion, by which every par
tisan of protection sought to reach power from
the office of toirocrier, lo that of the presidency.
He showed that, in 1800. Mnssachusi tts had twenty-one
millions of manufactured products ; which
had increased, up to 1810, to one hundred mill
ions ; while, in the whole Union, manufactures
had frown up to the enormous amount of probably
$700,000,000, though agriculture remained at
the same amount it was in 1310. How, then, he
asked, could this fivefold increase occur in the bus
iness of one class, if the other classes had not
been made tributary to it by undue legislation ?
His proposition was, not to injure manufactures,
but to give them the highest incidental protection
consistent with revenue duties, with the benefit of
hard money besides. Thirty per cent, protection;
because the articles of competition must incur
7 1-2 per cent of expenses, and Ix-ar 12 1-2 per
cent, profit for the importer, before it becomes sub
ject to 30 per cent, duty on the original cost ; the
whole being 50 percent, protection to the home
manufacturer, of the same kind of article. His
feelings always friendly to manufactures, were
unchanged. He had voted for the tariff in 1824,
cordially : and be had voted for the tariff of 1823,
bat it was with reluctance. He voted against the
act of 1842. He regarded manufactures as one
of the great interests of the country, but not the
first. He ranked the great interests of the United
States under three heads; first, agriculture the
paramount interest of ail others because it was
the source from which the wants of man were
best supplied ; second, manufactures .the agency
by which the products of the earth were fashion
ed for tbe ose of man ; and third, commerce the
handmaid of both, and which exchanged the su
perfluities of nations. Mr. B. concluded with a
forcible address to manufacturers, pointing out that
their real interests would be best consulted by a
return to the old policy, which had amply secur
ed the prosperity of the country before the late
war. He declared his own feelings unchanged
that he was now, as he always had been, the
friend of that great national interest ; but his
knowledge of the subject was enlarged, and he
now saw there was no necessity for any other pro-
tection than that resulting rom revenue duUes and ;
a solid currency such as the present amount of j
gold and silver in the country would furnish.
Mr. Simmons will address the senate next on this
In the House, the unfinished business of yester
day was first takm up, being the motion of Mr.
Hamlin to reconsider the vote by which the a
mendment offered by Mr. W. J. Brown to Mr. J.
P. Kennedy's resolution was rejected. That mo
tion having bien negatived, the subject was pass
ed over, and Messrs. Brown and White obtained
permission, under a suspension of the rules, to
make explanations regarding the opinions attri
buted to Mr. Clay in the amendment above refer
red to. Tbe House then resolved itself into Com
mittee of the Whole on the state of the Uuion,
and proceeded to the consideration of the bill re
pealing the act of 1842, by which the second reg
iment of dragoons was converted into a rifle regi
ment The committee reported tbe bill to the
House, and it was passed by a vote of 94 to 56.
Wednesday, March 27.
In the Senate, to-day, the most important sub
ject which occupied attention was the resolution
of the Finance Committee for the indefinite post
ponement of the bill introduced by Mr. McDuffie
for reducing the rates of duties, under the present
tariff, to the standard of the compromise act. Mr.
Simmons took the floor, and addressed his argu
ments chiefly to the refutation of certain proposi
tions advanced by Messrs. Benton and Woodbury :
first by adducing tables constructed from the an
nual returns of revenue, imports, and exports, (in
cluding the time of the embargo and of tlie war.
which Mr. Benton had particularly stated belong
ed to neither system,") priqr to 1816, and subse
quent to that period, including specie and free
goods, to show that the fluctuations were as great
under the system of low duties as under the system
of high duties ; and next by a reference to statis
tics, to prove that, throughout both periods the
advance of agriculture and manufactures had been
reciprocal, and consequently equal. Then in re
ference to Mr. Woodbury's charge against the act
of 1842, of being more a bill of abominations than
the act of 1828, and being more deserving of Mr.
Clay's epithets, that the latter was a disrapp m
American legislation, Mr. Simmons wholly de
nied that any duties were imposed by the act of
1842, higher than those imposed by the act of
1828 ; and with a view of proving this, he took
up Mr. Woodbury's specification of eighteen arti
cles adduced as instances of the grounds on which
he founded his charge. In each of them, Mr. S
by. an intricate calculation, depending upon the
minimum mystery, argued that the act of 1842
either strictly conformed to the act of 1828 or
imposed loweduties instead of higher: and'orr
Lthe strength of these calculations, he called Upon
Mr. Woodbury to explain, or retract his charge.
mr. w. uiu explain, maintaining nis grounu , uui
pending this difference of opinion between Mr. W.
and Mr. S, the Senate adjourned : Mr. S. being
entitled to the floor to-morrow in continuation of
his remarks. v
The House to-day, after transacting some un
important business, lesolved itself into Committee
of the Whole on the state of the Union, Mr.
Weller, of Ohio, in the shah, and took up the
bill making appropriations for the army, for the
fiscal venr commencing on the 1st 6f July, 1844,
and ending on 30th June, 1845. The discussion
which mainly occupied the attention of the com
mittee, was on the subject of disbanding the super
numerary second lieutenants, who are yearly cre
ated by the West Point Military Academy, where
byf n expenditure of $80,000 per annum is occa-sioned-as
some gentlemen contended, uselessly
and unnecessarily. Without taking any quesMon,
however, the committee rose, reported progress,
and the -House adjourned.
Thursday, March 28.
In the Senate, to day, the biff prdvkling that
tbe Supreme Court shall, in future, mcet on the
first Monday in December, instead of the second
Monday in January; the bill so to amend the ju
diciary act of 1798 as tojJrovide that all revenue
casrs may be carried up, by writ of error, from
the inferior to the supreme courts of the United
States, by the option of either part to the writ,
without regard to the amount of property involved;
the bill fr the adjustment of land claims in the
States of Arkansas and Louisiana, and those part?
of the States of Mississippi and Alabama, east of
i-. i V i rt I L'lk .f . :
r"eart river, were passeu. several uuis oi a pn
vate nature were also passed. The Senate then
resumed the consideration of the resolution of the
Committee on Finance, for the indefinite post
ponement of the bill introduced by Mr. McDuffie
for reducing the rates of duties, under the present
tariff", to the standard of the compromise act. Mr.
Simmons concluded his remarks in support of the
present tariff, maintaining that it had imparted a
stimulus lo the industry of the country ; had re
stored the currency; had Cut off' the exorbitant
exattions of the money lenders ; and had enabled
the Government to be carried on without borrow
ing money, or without issuing treasury or any
other kind of notes ; and asserting that not only
did its provisions meet the approbation of the
manufacturing class, and those engaged in the
branches of domestic labor, but the commercial
cl iss. Mr.-Benton replied at length to some of
the remarks of Mr. Simmons, which tended to
create the impression that Mr. B. had abandoned
the position he had heretofore maintained in sup
port of the industry of the country. Mr. B. re
marked that he was now where he had always
been a friend to tbe labor and industry of the
country, whether engaged in manufactures or
otherwise. Mr. Choate next obtained tbe floor,
and will speak on the subject when it shall be
called up again. The post office bill will be con
The first business iu the House to-day, was the
reception of reports from the standing committees ;
a number of which were made, a ad appropriately
disposed of. Mr. McKay (chairman of the Com
mittee of Ways and Means) offered a resolution
to Set apart the 9th day of April for the consider
ation of the tariff bill, and to make it the order of
the day till disposed of. A suspension of the rules
being necessary for this motion, the question was
taken by yeas and nays, and lost yeas 94, nnys
79; not a maioritv of two-thirds. The House
having resolved itself into a Committee of the
Whole, Mr. Weller of Ohio in the chair, resumed
I k A AririOi.l A Nil BAM r I ft -. r r-t r. p- a-t. j-v n r lai VtC f I
which was debated, till hie 7he day. The
pending amendment to disband tbe supernumerary '
second heuionants was agreed to; when, on mo-
1 i r rw rVt i hAmnann Ina nrn r- i f on I a iH oaila I
j i. -ii . j . ..!
uieuiii, biiu uok up uie oiu reporxeu irora ine ,
itftrenciiinent uomimttee oy mr. tsiacK oi soutn 1
Carolina, to regulate the pay of the army of the
V " 1 . . - mi i -ii
uniteu Mates, ana tor other purposes. i nis Dili
havi'ng been read through, an amendment was of-!
tub OI- i
r it . i-l i rr c i t ' r t .
fered, to abolish the office of Major-genernJ of the ,
. . . . . . .
army; when Mr. rJlack having obtained the floor, i
the committee rose, reported progress, and the!
Friday, March 29
In the Senate, to-day, the bill to reduce the
rates of postage, and limit the use and correct the
abuse of theTranking privilege, and for the pre-
vpminn nc frW nnTh PostOfflrP. nnnrtmrni
nnAnr jr.,..7n TMn tinn .. & nnnn
it The Senate aUo " t a short lime in j
live session.. No confirmations were made. It
adjourned over till Monday next.
. The House of Representatives, after receiving
the reports of several of the standing committees,
and giving an appropriate direction to the busi
ness presented by them, went into Committee of
the Whole on the state of the Union, (Mr. Weller
in the chair.) and resumed the consideration of the
bi'l to regulate the pay of the army, and for other
purposes. After a debute, the question was taken
on the amendment submitted by Mr. J. W. Davis,
lo abolish the office of Major-general, and decided
in the negative, without a division. The discus
sion was continued till after four o'clock, when
the committee rose and reported progress, and the
The appointment of the Hon Frederick Nash,
to the Supreme Court bench, gives, we believe, ! t-j (l ta,u u a
general satisfaction ; and it appears to be the gen-' th , March At cverr P,ot.
eral wish that he-should accept the appointment, j Charleston, at Wilmington, and at Petersburg, he
The Judge is pretty " long headed,1' and we doubt j was received with the liveliest demonstrations of
therefore, whether he will accept it He has affection and regard. Of course he entered im
becn a whig long enough to know that white . mediately Upon his duties as the Head of the
folks are very uncertain, and that "a bud in the I ei Gm
hand is worth two in the bush." If the Council i State Department. C
had the audacity to reject George E. Badger, u tTt . r
gentleman "known to every man, woman, and f M'knburg Jeffersonian. We regret to per
child in the State," and who did intend trimming ce,ve tnat Joseph W. Hampton, Esq. has retired
the whiskers of every man in the Navy ; what j from the editorial chair of this ablfe democratic
will tbe Legislature do with a rank Fed who is ! Journal. He is h Mr fl,m.i n
uvrv u Luoiajiy kuuwu r
Death by Lightning. We learn that during
the thunder storm on Wednesday evening of last
I week, Mr. Jonathan Underwood, while visiting
at the house of his neighbor, Mr. Stephen White,
otuuKcr creeK in mis county, was struck Dy ngni
ning and instantly killed. He was sitting in the
piazza, he at one end and Mr. White at the other,
and a little son of Mr. White but a moment before
was standing between his legs. The lightning
passed through the top of the piazza, and set the
building on fire, but it was soon extinguished
Mr. Underwood was a vbuns; man of respectable
characterand had been but recently married. No
i i - i .... .
mar was leu on nis person, except a slight burn
on one side of his neck. No other person in tbe
house was injured. Hillsbord1 Recorder.
Editorial Remaik. "How seldom it happens,"
said one friend to another, "that we find editors
who are bred to the business." "Very," replied
the other, "and have you. not remarked how sel
dom the business is bread to the editors."
Gl. Cass, Wb last SfeJ York Standard,
leading tjass paper, ..-contains me ionowing.:
'Genital Cass did hot plate his naine.beforc'
the beonleas a candidate for the Presidency? and
he wilt not withdraw r . . -
General Ca!s has said that he would 'ahjdeTtif
the decision of a, Baltimore National Dirnjf-m
cratic Convention and he vilrto recede from
"We make the above statements, by authority,
and request all editors who exchange with us to
THE STAND ARB-
UvlJLElGH, A L.
Wednesday, April 3, 1811.
FOR GOVERNOR :
Col. MICH A Eli HOKE,
Of Lincoln County.
JEi"? The first number of " Curtius" has been
received, and shall appear as soon as possible.
These numbers are from the pen of a gentleman
who acted a prominent part in favor of the Whig
party in 1840, but who now comes out and open
ly repudiates that party, its false professions, and
its corrupt leaders. He says : " I was honest in
my co-operation with the Wbigs in 1840. TheyJ
have deceived me, and, as I think, every true re
publican that went with them ; at d i feel that, in
withdrawing from them as a party, and unking
with the democrats at this time, I am discharging
a duly to myself, to ray country, and lo the patri
otic founders of our government." -
We are compelled to defer until next week the
fifth number of Tacitus. The communication of
"A Democrat" has come to hand, and shall ap
$r3 Read the truthful and eloquent speech of
Mr. Melville, on our first page. Also, tbe article
ofl our last page, entitled K Sugar Creek, North
No important news by the mails of yester
day. The Senate did not sit on Saturday last
The House was engaged that day in the consider
ation of the bill regulating the pay of the army.
Geo. Henderson, Minister Plenipotentiary from
the Republic of Texas, arrived at Washington on
the 29th ultimo. The Legislature of Maine has
adjourned. Resolutions instructing tbe Senators
from that State to oppose the annexation of Texas,
failed by a decided majority. -
ICjT Mr. Graham has been removed to his
residence at Hillsborough, and-we are glad to
learn that "little or no doubt exists of his speedy
1 M III Jf . V;
?r The fearfcss and able Editor of the Tar-
. . , i
borough Press, after commenting upon the elec-!
. s. . 1
llARAAflllfr trio ftl VI f I -aw tn ft U .a. C . i c . .
, , ,s 3 " ?
. - . . . .. . .
"itaicign vjruarus. we would remse to take our.
, . . , ,
place in the ranks, to minister to the vanity of this
publicum visiter." Right I And there ore 1
many good democrats who ic ill not take their ,
places in the rahk.. They have no idea of l AsXS Sblfkn !
ing up in uniform to be abused and tongue lashedrae name of the Wake County Democratic Association. 4
b lhe eicclioaeet Spvaonah it is said
he noured out torrents of abuse unon tbe democra-
' j. . ' . .
vj wtc ulu,j, w ,
ten hours in the place before prominent democrats tion to procure members, to prepare bowtwv kir-the ac
. , r.. . ; tion of the Association, ami to invite such pursuits to ad-
passed under the "lash of his serpent-tongue, be- dress its meetinM as they may think calculated to pro-
- ilnt. rnfutful is l.innn , i . r. , ., n r. a r L m I '
uuk lilt v muu u utiik-c uiu riuuiitb vti unit : ,
, . . - .
v a K r r - H t c f r i.n, lo horn ia-ilJ f . -i r T hi m Ka( for
He says he'll wait. We perceive by a comma-
nicatioo fiom a friend of Governor Morehead in a
late Register, that that gentleman has consented to
postpone his claims on the Vice Presidential chair
until the campaign of 1848. Then, it is said, he
win run honest John and john Clayton
to the contrary notwithstanding. Now, "if Mr.
Badger would only use his influence in behalf oCLfTTe oUowini, jrentlemen were elected officers
vjv. niuiciicoM uui vc iuiuui. ' i
ii i u jii i l . I
Democracy of Hertford. We are glad to see
tht zeal and ener whlch moBg'the l
mocracy of Hertford countv. Read their able
and excellent Resolutions in another column.
That bold and indefatigable democrat Col. John
H. Wheeler was present, as will be seen by their
proceedings, at their late Meeting, and a corres
pondent informs us that his speech was able and
animated, and produced a fine effect upon his fel
low citizens. .Hertford is safe for the democracy.
1 Crawford. We extend to Mr. Crawford the rioht
hand of fellowship, and wish bitn. great success.
"Long may the Jeffersonian prosper, to battle for
the cause of equal rights with increased energy
ICg There will be a Special Superior Court
held for Orange county, at Hillsborough, on the
second Monday in June next. Parties and wit
nesses are notified to attend.
n3Thts Raleigh Register has not yet inform
ed the public wRy Mr. Clay's speech against the
National Bank, delivered in 181 1, was omitted in
"Mallory's Life and Speeches of Clay." We
again u pause for a reply."
The Fayetteville North Carolinian of the
30th ult. says, the trade of Fayetteville has con
tinued dull since our last; But little cotfon fn
8 cents about the highest price. Bacon is proba
bly a little on the ad vance 7 cents cash is given.
aJ'MBieoraUc Convention for Wake
i nis'bQdy ssetntiea in tms tjity on monaay i -o me iresiaenuai campaign or I84U Vharles
last. , AbeurseVenty-fie "delegates, men who beJAIahly, John H. Bryan, George W. Haywood,
I on to and who represented the highest and most
substantial interests nT the eonnty, were in attend -
ance ; and their proceedings were Characterized
by the greatest enthusiasm and unanimity. By
(reference to their proceedings, published in an
other column, ir wHl be perceived that GeorOe
W. Thompson Esq.was nominated for the
Senate, and Gen, JamEs M Mangum, Jambs B.
Shepard and Gaston H. . Wilder, Esquires,
were presented as .candidates for seats in the House
Mr. Thompson! is a most estimable gentleman.
He has devoted considerable attention to political
affairs, and. is every way qualified to represent
Wake county in the Senate; and we indulge the
hope that he may fiud it both agreeable and con
venient to respond affirmatively to the call which,
his fellow-citizens have made upon him. With
bim for a candidate on the Senatorial, ticket, we
shall count with confidence upon a brilliant vic
tory. The gentlemen nominated in the Commons are
well known, having lermedy represented the peo
ple of Wake county in the Legislature. Mr.
Shepard, having been waited upon by the Com
mittee immediately after his nomination had been J
made, appeared before the Convention and ad
dressed it for some time in strains of sound argu
ment and animated eloquence. He alluded to the
great political questions of the day, and concluded
his remarks by some masterly views of-the Texas
and Ofegon questions. He said he could not de
cline a nomination, which his friends knew had
not been sought, hut which was nevertheless so
kindly tendered. :
The Convention was also addressed by Gen.
Maogum and Mr. Wilder. The former gentle
man made a brief but excellent speech, accepting
the nomination ; and the latter enlarged for some
time, and with his accustomed ability and force,
upon the prominent measures of the day, WOUItl
that every man in Wake County could have lis
tened to- the salutary political truths he uttered 1
We tell our friends in dther portions of the
State that Wake county is aroused. The unadul
terated blood of true democracy beats with a strong
and ardent pulse at the heart of the good old
Commonwealth. Let all the other counties pre
pare for action. Let them imitate the example of
Wake and Franklin"; let them organize as the
Whigs organize; let them Be ready for their op
ponents at all points; and let them not pause upon
measures of defence, for the war must be carried
into the most distant territories of coondom and
humbuggery. Above all, let them bring out their
I m I .to t m m m fn r the J .0 art c tt I 'it r
k rv x t77 a mn.
After the Convention had adjourned, a Demo-
. . e . ,
cratic Association for the county was Jonned.
The following constitution for the government of
' the Association was submitted by a Committee
. i - i
appointed at a previous meeting, and unanimously
8 , ' . of ReDubllcin p., ol Wake
county, opposed to the election of Henry Clay, and to
'he officers of the Association shall be, a President,
1 two Vice Presidents, a Recording Secretary, a Cones-
mm Mtm - r
pondme Secretary, ana a Treasurer
. There shallbe two Standing Committees, compos-
eA af fi
ve members each: one a commute of Invita-
innto tha urmf nrinr'inl nt Dp mnr rac v : f ntlior B
, - f-. j ,
committee of Finance, to provide ways and means to
defray the expenses of ttiis Association.
4. 1 wenty memoers snail consoinie a quorum lor me
transaction of bnsiness.
5. The regular meetings shall be held at such time and
place as mav be hereafter designated by t majority ot
members but the President, or either ot the Vice Pre,
ideuts shall, at any time, be authorised to call a meeting
at the request of five members.
6. The Treasurer shall not pay any clainV, unless upon
the certificate of the President, or one of the Vice Pres
idents, counter-sined by lhe Recording Secretary.
7. This constitution shall be altered or amemled by a
majority of members present, aml,it shall continue in
force until the first ot tecmber, 18-14.
i e n? - --
UI IMC A9WVIUIIUII .
Kimbrongh Jones, President.
Thomas L, West, ) ir. " , .
t T, 1 , ? Vice Presidents.
John Hulch ins, $
Perrio Busbee, Corresponding Secretary.
William W. Holden, Recording Secretary.
John C. Palmer, Treasurer.
University Magazine. Our thanks are due to
tne Publisher for the April number of this work.
We have read with great pleasure the Address of
Judge Battle on the Life and Character of the late
William Gaston. The article under the head of
"Editor's Table," is a capital thing in its way.
We subjoin the heads of the contents : A Bache
lor's Indisposition Ambition Extract from Dr.
Lardner on Astronomy Editor's Table -Judge
Battle's Address Love of Children Religious
Belief Sunday The influence of Circumstance
on the Destiny of Man The Historical Society
of the University of North Carolina The Great
Mogul The influence of the University upon
the State Stray Leaves of History Poetry
Agnes' Lips Alcoholte" Aduiterations-r-Lines to
a young Lady On the death of Gov. Caswell
The Battles of Thermopyla?. Persons wishing
to subscribe will address Thomas Loring, Pub
lisher, Raleigh, and send $3 in advance. ,
53 The Whigs are at their old game of try
ing to put down democrats by ridiculing what
they call their ignorance and stupidity. The Inst
Register contains a communication signed S. in
which on attempt of this sort is made. Such at
tempts are as feeble as they are contemptible, and
will recoil upon the heads of those that make
them. Mr. Collins, of Franklin, is a plain farm
er and therefore these Whigs, these men who
pretend to so much love for log-cabin fnen, de
nounce him. That is the reason. They cannot
bear to see the honest and upright democratic
farmers of the country promoted to places of trust
and honor. Like one of their leaders, Mr, Leigh,
of Vi rginia, they believe that. neither farmers nor
mechanics ire " safe depositories of public trusts."
JUSTICE TO MR. VAN BUREjt.
j Hugh McQueen, William H. Battle, Weston R.
1 Gales, Thomas J. Lemayand Henry W. Miller,
the Whig Central Committee of North Carolina,
charged that Mr. Van Buren was opposed to the
late war. The following is the language
employed'' on fhe bccasiont
" To the late, war, which lias been very proper-l
ly catLeauour second war for tndependenee
which was fought for "free trade and sailor's
rights' Mr. Van Buren was opposeB."
This charge is contained in an " Address to the
people of- North Carolina," signed by the above
gentlemen, ancf written, by the Hon-.. George E.
Badger. Yes, written by an individual who was
himself opposed to the rate war, and who in 1828,
labored to put down "the principles he supported
in 1840. Well may Mr. Badger exclaim "Oh!
that I had never written a book I"
But what are the facts in the case t These gen
tlemen charged that Mr. Van Buren was epposed
to the late war, and this charge h-s never been
retracted. Is the charge true? No. It is fill se
throughout, false in the whole, and false in every
particular. Mr. Van Buren was a bold and ar
dent supporter of the war. But we do not ask the
people of North Carolina to take our word for it.
We have the testimony of a prominent Whig of
the State of New York io favor of Mjr- Van Bu
ren. and against those who have charged him here
and elsewhere witb being opposed to the late war,
and we now present this testimony. The corres
pondence will explain itself:
Frotn the New York Commercial Advertiser.
The Northern mail brings us the following letter of in
quiry , to Which we shall reply with ali the frankness and
sincerity demanded by the occasion :
Avon , Livingston Countv, New York,
February 24,1844. j
Wm. L. Stone, Esq.
O - 1 . 1 C nl 1" ft . J t a
oib; runue uuruuseui seining a suuieci di ueoaie r ,l ,t r.L. ,
among some f.iends, who agreed to refer the matter to trom tne moutn Of the promising and enlightened
jrou, allow me to Tnquire what were the opinions and Mr. Clingmrtn ! Not only this but he " wrif
conduct of Martin Vm Buren in the early stages of the , . T e c ,' vriies
war of 1812, touching the policy of the war. On what j ,elters i inaiana in lavor of the protective poli
grounds did he support De Witt C linton for the Pcesi- cy," and to Virginia another "letter strorndv dp
dency in opposition to Mr. Madison 1 And what were ! ,, .. " e"
Mr. Clinton's views in relation to'the war and its cori-
tmJm"l . . . .
f u jit, t c aui. v Li hiuu iu novv wu uiv ptac uai ij
candidate, and that Mr. Van Buren supported hi in on
Will yon-have the kindness to set us right, either by
answering it in the Commercial Advertiser, or by letter?
. If by letter, we will not regard it as intended for publi
cation. Your answers to the above will much, oblige
many whig friends.
I am, very respectfully,
we prefer giving a public answer lo tne foregoing corn
muni cation, made, we doubt not. in good faith, for sever
al reasons. Principal among these", is the strong desire
we have that justice should be done to all men, and we
think that ftMr. Van Buren has rn?t been fairlv dealt by in
the matters referred to. It is irue,that Mr. Van Buren ! Henry Clay, they treat him as a superior intelli
was one of the early supporters of Mr. Clinton for the , . , , r
office of President, in the year 1812, in opposition to Mr.
Madison ; that helook pait in tlie republican legislative
caucus at which Mr. C . was first nominated. That cau-
cue was held, and that nomination was made, on the 28th
ot May nearly a mo.4b before the declaration ot war. land we believe it was published in the Register
I he elections in this State were then held in April, and i . .
the political year commenced on the first Mondav of July, j 1 which the "chorister Said, that although Mr.
Mr. Van Bn ren had been chosen to the Senate in April, ' f;itr ivus " in fnrm n mm "
but was not, ot course, a member of the Legislature that
made the nomination. His senatorial term commenced
on the first Mondav of Julv ; and lie first took his seat at
the extra session held in November, to choose the Presi-
Viirlhprnmrf it it nlsn inw fhnl .Mr. dHnttax hrramr
the candidate of" thepeace party." Vet it is not true l lesness and blindness of an unaccountable infatua
thai he was originally nominated as such, or that Mr.,nn nmnmrncJ u n. j ,i
Vn nrttniSnhi,t,nihTSiini,ir, . u?' ve P" him the cause and tkt
ported him as such. He (Mr: C.) was, in fact, driven
into that position by the force of circumstances ; and it
mnon oy inejorce or circumscances ; ana it
thanjuslice to Mr. Van Buren to say that af-
is no more
ter Mr. Clinton became identified with the peace party
as their candidate, his support of him became languid.
Indeed, we have reason to believe (hat he thenceforward,
threw his influence, as. far as he could do so, considering
the previous committal of the legislative caucus,, which
he held to be binding upon the partv, in behalf of Mr.
Madison. The truth is, Mr. Clinton was never nomina
ted or supported as on opponent to the war, but directly
the reverse. He was thus nominated and supported ex
nrps.slv unon the srround lhat th crisis demanded a nmrp
L vigorous arm at the helm of State than Mr. Madison's.
I he war bad not been actually declared, it is true, but
every intelligent man saw that it was inevitable, and very
near ; and it was feared, as the result proved, that under
Mr. Madison's administratein. it would be feebly con
ducted. . Believing thus, that the times demanded an ex
ecutive of greater energy and force of character, the at
tention of many patriotic men of both political parties
was directed elsetehercthan to Virginia for a candi
date; and from the high intellectual qualities, of Mr.
Clinton, and the acknowledged energy of his character,
it was conceived that he would prosecute the impending
contest with greater vigor, and bring it to a more speedy
and honorable close than could be done by Mr. Madison.
This was the ground upon which he was nominated,
ami upon which he was supported by Mr. Van Buren,
and such of the old repubhean party as adhered to him
through the contest. Jts to the opintotis and conduct of
Mr. Van Buren in the early stages of the war, we
have reason to know that they were nut exactly tn har
mony with the majority of the people of this State, even
of his oiun party, at the timt,for it wust be borne in
mind that a very decided majority of the Representatives
in Congress, from the State of ATtw York with Oba
diuh German in the Senate at their head vottd against
the declaration of war : not, however, that they held (he
Contest to be unjus:, but they believed the country wholly
unprepared lor war at the time, and consequently that the
declaration was inexpedient. Such, probably, were the
original views of Mr. VanBureu. Such, certainly, were
the views of Mr. Clinton.
But, the war having been declared, it is due to Mr.
Van Buren to say, that no public man in the State sup
ported it more thoroughly, heartily, and zealously,
throughout, than he did. Such, we know, is not the re
ceived opinion in many pairs of the country, especially
in the distant States, and we frequently see attempts ma
king, in the presses opposed to him, to render him unpop
ular by charging him with opposition to the wnr itself, as
well as to M Madison. But the charge is untrue.
Many of our political friends will scowl upon us, we
know, for our frankness on fhisr occasion. But we care
not for that. Justice to all men is our maxim, and we
wish not to beat even Mr. Van Buren by falsehood. We
have, indeed, truth enough at our command to do that
Here, then, is the most conclusive testimony in
Mr. Van Buren's favor, not from a political friend,
but from a political opponent, trom one who knew
hfm during the last war., who lived in the same
State with him, and who has always been one of
his political antagonists. Will it not satisfy that
portion of our fellow-citizens who were deceived
in 1 84Q? Will it not even satisfy tbe Whis
themselves? And will thev not now retract this
charge? We shall see.
New Orleans Election. It has turned out that
the certificates of naturalization granted by Judge
Elliott just before the election in New Orleans,
are valid, and the election of Mr. Slidell, the dem
ocratic candidate, has been unanimously declnred
legal by both parties in the Legislature. So the
cry of the Whigs about impeachment and cor
ruption, amounts in this case, as in many others,
to the little end of nothing.
SPEECH. OF MR. CLINGMAN
The "irirfirable speech tof Mr?Clingman has
thrown th Regfcer-into ecstecies. He desir
every body to reaTMf every body to talk about it
and every W7hig candidate fQr the Legislature t'
"digest its whdlesome truths." A much high !
compliment than the gentleman frm B.,nlfr
I received at the hands of that paper for his votes 1
UUUt IllUIJ iSlO.
We have neither time nor space at present
devote to this effor, Hereafter tve may take k
up, and show how much of truth and sound nxJ
ment it contains. At any rate, it shall belaid
aside, and k, together with certain abolition vote
given by its author in the present Congress, shall
be forthcoming at the proper time. We make
threats, but we much mistake the character of th
Buncombe District, if Thomas L. Clingman ever
represents it again in the National Legislature
There is one thing in this speech, hovverer
which ought to be noticed at once, not because !
is calculated to injure Mr. Van Buren, but on '
count of the palpable and odious misrepresen
ration it makes in regard to his opinions on
the question of a Tariff Mr. Clingman sav,
"While Mr. Van Buren votes for high tariffs
makes sheep speeches at the North, and writes
letters to Indiana in favor of the protective policy
, ft.s.ftftJt. n.o- ,cuer strongly denounci
u.v ,. vimgiiiiiH mean ( Does he
as an honest Representative of a portion of the
honest freemen of North Carolina, mean to sup
press the truth ? And did he not suppress the
truth, when he charged Mr. Van Buren with
voting for the tariff of 1828, without stating at the
same time that he did so under instructions from
the New York Legislature ? Bnt it seems Mr
Van Buren makes sheep speeches at the North"
What an unpardonable sin I Mr. Van Buren
has dared to "make a sheep speech!" When and
where 1 And what an argument is this m p-
i What ncc Mr 1 ,--
I wuuing u piuiei uve larin. v e pronounce this
statement of-Mr. Clingman to be as false as it
ungenerous and unfair. Mr. Van Buren's letter
to Indiana and the one he wrote to Virginia per
fectly agree; and both show him to be, what Mr.
Clingman is not, the advocate of a strictly reve
nue tariff But for the present we leave the Bun
combe member io the hands of Gen. Saunders and
- 1 JJy" GOD '
In the son-s and sneeches of fh Whin.
I , ,, . . & '
'y cjr y connection WJtfl
j gence, ana some oi tnem nave even gone so far as
i to nronounce him a God 1 A fiur nnL-.
!.we saw a son passing through the Whig prints
I . . :
"He looked a God !"
Another Whig has called him " the Republic
personified," and thousands of others, in the reck-
man," " tbe greatest of all human beings," and the
, ,:. ,j ... - . ,T .
ant,c,Patt'd redeemer of the country." Notv what
is an uns out m.m-worsnip f it tears Lfoalroin
his throne, and sets up a poor frail mortal in his
stead, as the object of worship and adoration. Let
the christians of the country reflect upon the fol
lowinsr. It is taken from- the hittnr nnrtnf the
twelfth chapter of the Acts of the Apostles:
" And upon a set day, Herod, arrayed in royal
apparer, sat upon his throne, and made an oration
unto tliem. Aud the people gave a shout, sayimr,
It is the voice of a God, and not of a man. And
immediately the ongd of the Lord smote him, bt
cause he gave not God the glory; and he was
eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost."
Here is an awful account, given by the pencil
of Divine Truth, of the destruction of one who suf
fered the people to hail him as a God, and who,
in the pride and arrogance of power, " gave not
God the glory." Look at the conduct of Mr. Clay
at Mobile and New Orleans. He entered both
those cities on the Sabbath, and was hailed by tbe
people with a shout saying, he comes! the re
deemer and deliverer of the country I Fit echo to
the words of the song,
: He looked a God I"
And did this political eleotioneerer,this " travel
ling speech-maker," this god of the modern whig
party " give God the glory" in violating the Sab
Is it wonderful, after irU-thesc things after th
excitement and revelries of 1840 after the pro
cessions, and shouts, and dissipation which mark
ed that period after these repeated violations of
the Sabbath, and such open and daring insults of
fered to Heaven itself, that misfortunes and judg
ments have fallen on the country?
"Who'll Pay 7 The Standard seems to think the
Whigs will be hard run to raise money enough toenttr
tain Mr. Clay. One ihing is certain, we shall nots
aid either from rabid Locofocos, or renegade Whig
The Register begins to show pluck. But it
mistaken on this point, as it is on many others.
The Whig leaders here will not "be hard run,"
apd we have not sajthey would ; but we ba8
said, and still say, that it is a small business in
enrh wnnltKw tU.,.. tA ko writing
ters all over the State to raise money, by tbe
wmwm m vuikuj- men cso til xzy oic iu "
" shilling'" and dollar, to defray the expenses
Mr. Clay's visit.
Tbe terms "rabid locofocos," and "renega
Whigs," may pass for as much as they are worth
Those whom the Register calls " rabid locofocos
would always and every where pass for S
Democrats; and we would rather be a "rcneg1
Whig" of the most confirmed character, than W
be guilty of the odious and unpardonable sin
having voted for that dangerous and malignant
old man. John GLuincy Adams.