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cosDE.vsfib FB? TH,i: GLO-l Tuesday, March 26. In tbe to-day, the most important sub ject which occupied attention was the resolution of the Finance Committee for the indefinite postpone ment of the bill introduced by Mr. McDuffie for reducing the rate of duties, under tbe present tar iff to the standard oitne compromise uci. mr. d ton, in continuation of his remarks of yesterday, addressed the Senate for an hour and a half ; fire! taking up the subject of manufactures, witba iew of showing tbe relative condition of the manufactures previous to the late war, and after tbe war. He showed that, in 1810, tho United States were very little behind England when the latter had a like amount of population. The pop ofoiion of the United States, in 1810, was eight millions, corresponding nearly with the popula tion of England from 1786 to 1787. England, in 1787, after five hundred years of accumulating nrers in manufacturing, bad manufactures a- mountine to 9 266.000,000, with a population of eight and a half millions. The United States, in 1810, with a population of eight millions, had manufactures in a thriving condition amounting to 200,000,000; showing that, in little ovpt twen ty years of independence, this country had nearly overtaken England, which had required five cen turies to reach $266,000,000. Mr. Tench Coxc, the gentleman appointed by Mr. Galltain to in vestigate the statistics of manufactures in 18M), as certatned that instead of $1 28,000,000, (the a mount of American manufactures as represented by the census of that day,) it was rraHy over $200,000,000; and he also ascertained that this growth had been spontaneous, arising from the thriving condition of the country, the energy of a young people enjoying free institutions, and the incidental nrotection afforded bv the inrome of revenue derived from ad valorem dutirsof 5 to 15 per cent., and specific duties never exceeding from one-quarter to one-third of the real value. This thriving condition of manufactures grew up without one syllable being ever heard of the word tariff", or anti-revrnue proti ction being coveted a? a necessary element of such pro5periy. No one that he had ever conversed with could recolh-ci having heard of the word tariff anterior to 1810. Yet now it wns the watch-word of mil lion.! ry monopolists and aspiring politicians. It was clung to as the ladder of promotion, by which every par tisan of protection sought to reach power from the office of toirocrier, lo that of the presidency. He showed that, in 1800. Mnssachusi tts had twenty-one millions of manufactured products ; which had increased, up to 1810, to one hundred mill ions ; while, in the whole Union, manufactures had frown up to the enormous amount of probably $700,000,000, though agriculture remained at the same amount it was in 1310. How, then, he asked, could this fivefold increase occur in the bus iness of one class, if the other classes had not been made tributary to it by undue legislation ? His proposition was, not to injure manufactures, but to give them the highest incidental protection consistent with revenue duties, with the benefit of hard money besides. Thirty per cent, protection; because the articles of competition must incur 7 1-2 per cent of expenses, and Ix-ar 12 1-2 per cent, profit for the importer, before it becomes sub ject to 30 per cent, duty on the original cost ; the whole being 50 percent, protection to the home manufacturer, of the same kind of article. His feelings always friendly to manufactures, were unchanged. He had voted for the tariff in 1824, cordially : and be had voted for the tariff of 1823, bat it was with reluctance. He voted against the act of 1842. He regarded manufactures as one of the great interests of the country, but not the first. He ranked the great interests of the United States under three heads; first, agriculture the paramount interest of ail others because it was the source from which the wants of man were best supplied ; second, manufactures .the agency by which the products of the earth were fashion ed for tbe ose of man ; and third, commerce the handmaid of both, and which exchanged the su perfluities of nations. Mr. B. concluded with a forcible address to manufacturers, pointing out that their real interests would be best consulted by a return to the old policy, which had amply secur ed the prosperity of the country before the late war. He declared his own feelings unchanged that he was now, as he always had been, the friend of that great national interest ; but his knowledge of the subject was enlarged, and he now saw there was no necessity for any other pro- tection than that resulting rom revenue duUes and ; a solid currency such as the present amount of j gold and silver in the country would furnish. Mr. Simmons will address the senate next on this subject. In the House, the unfinished business of yester day was first takm up, being the motion of Mr. Hamlin to reconsider the vote by which the a mendment offered by Mr. W. J. Brown to Mr. J. P. Kennedy's resolution was rejected. That mo tion having bien negatived, the subject was pass ed over, and Messrs. Brown and White obtained permission, under a suspension of the rules, to make explanations regarding the opinions attri buted to Mr. Clay in the amendment above refer red to. Tbe House then resolved itself into Com mittee of the Whole on the state of the Uuion, and proceeded to the consideration of the bill re pealing the act of 1842, by which the second reg iment of dragoons was converted into a rifle regi ment The committee reported tbe bill to the House, and it was passed by a vote of 94 to 56. Wednesday, March 27. In the Senate, to-day, the most important sub ject which occupied attention was the resolution of the Finance Committee for the indefinite post ponement of the bill introduced by Mr. McDuffie for reducing the rates of duties, under the present tariff, to the standard of the compromise act. Mr. Simmons took the floor, and addressed his argu ments chiefly to the refutation of certain proposi tions advanced by Messrs. Benton and Woodbury : first by adducing tables constructed from the an nual returns of revenue, imports, and exports, (in cluding the time of the embargo and of tlie war. which Mr. Benton had particularly stated belong ed to neither system,") priqr to 1816, and subse quent to that period, including specie and free goods, to show that the fluctuations were as great under the system of low duties as under the system of high duties ; and next by a reference to statis tics, to prove that, throughout both periods the advance of agriculture and manufactures had been reciprocal, and consequently equal. Then in re ference to Mr. Woodbury's charge against the act of 1842, of being more a bill of abominations than the act of 1828, and being more deserving of Mr. Clay's epithets, that the latter was a disrapp m American legislation, Mr. Simmons wholly de nied that any duties were imposed by the act of 1842, higher than those imposed by the act of 1828 ; and with a view of proving this, he took up Mr. Woodbury's specification of eighteen arti cles adduced as instances of the grounds on which he founded his charge. In each of them, Mr. S by. an intricate calculation, depending upon the minimum mystery, argued that the act of 1842 either strictly conformed to the act of 1828 or imposed loweduties instead of higher: and'orr Lthe strength of these calculations, he called Upon Mr. Woodbury to explain, or retract his charge. mr. w. uiu explain, maintaining nis grounu , uui pending this difference of opinion between Mr. W. and Mr. S, the Senate adjourned : Mr. S. being entitled to the floor to-morrow in continuation of his remarks. v The House to-day, after transacting some un important business, lesolved itself into Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, Mr. Weller, of Ohio, in the shah, and took up the bill making appropriations for the army, for the fiscal venr commencing on the 1st 6f July, 1844, and ending on 30th June, 1845. The discussion which mainly occupied the attention of the com mittee, was on the subject of disbanding the super numerary second lieutenants, who are yearly cre ated by the West Point Military Academy, where byf n expenditure of $80,000 per annum is occa-sioned-as some gentlemen contended, uselessly and unnecessarily. Without taking any quesMon, however, the committee rose, reported progress, and the -House adjourned. Thursday, March 28. In the Senate, to day, the biff prdvkling that tbe Supreme Court shall, in future, mcet on the first Monday in December, instead of the second Monday in January; the bill so to amend the ju diciary act of 1798 as tojJrovide that all revenue casrs may be carried up, by writ of error, from the inferior to the supreme courts of the United States, by the option of either part to the writ, without regard to the amount of property involved; the bill fr the adjustment of land claims in the States of Arkansas and Louisiana, and those part? of the States of Mississippi and Alabama, east of i-. i V i rt I L'lk .f . : r"eart river, were passeu. several uuis oi a pn vate nature were also passed. The Senate then resumed the consideration of the resolution of the Committee on Finance, for the indefinite post ponement of the bill introduced by Mr. McDuffie for reducing the rates of duties, under the present tariff", to the standard of the compromise act. Mr. Simmons concluded his remarks in support of the present tariff, maintaining that it had imparted a stimulus lo the industry of the country ; had re stored the currency; had Cut off' the exorbitant exattions of the money lenders ; and had enabled the Government to be carried on without borrow ing money, or without issuing treasury or any other kind of notes ; and asserting that not only did its provisions meet the approbation of the manufacturing class, and those engaged in the branches of domestic labor, but the commercial cl iss. Mr.-Benton replied at length to some of the remarks of Mr. Simmons, which tended to create the impression that Mr. B. had abandoned the position he had heretofore maintained in sup port of the industry of the country. Mr. B. re marked that he was now where he had always been a friend to tbe labor and industry of the country, whether engaged in manufactures or otherwise. Mr. Choate next obtained tbe floor, and will speak on the subject when it shall be called up again. The post office bill will be con sidered to-morrow. The first business iu the House to-day, was the reception of reports from the standing committees ; a number of which were made, a ad appropriately disposed of. Mr. McKay (chairman of the Com mittee of Ways and Means) offered a resolution to Set apart the 9th day of April for the consider ation of the tariff bill, and to make it the order of the day till disposed of. A suspension of the rules being necessary for this motion, the question was taken by yeas and nays, and lost yeas 94, nnys 79; not a maioritv of two-thirds. The House having resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole, Mr. Weller of Ohio in the chair, resumed I k A AririOi.l A Nil BAM r I ft -. r r-t r. p- a-t. j-v n r lai VtC f I which was debated, till hie 7he day. The pending amendment to disband tbe supernumerary ' second heuionants was agreed to; when, on mo- 1 i r rw rVt i hAmnann Ina nrn r- i f on I a iH oaila I j i. -ii . j . ..! uieuiii, biiu uok up uie oiu reporxeu irora ine , itftrenciiinent uomimttee oy mr. tsiacK oi soutn 1 Carolina, to regulate the pay of the army of the V " 1 . . - mi i -ii uniteu Mates, ana tor other purposes. i nis Dili havi'ng been read through, an amendment was of-! tub OI- i r it . i-l i rr c i t ' r t . fered, to abolish the office of Major-genernJ of the , . . . . . . . army; when Mr. rJlack having obtained the floor, i the committee rose, reported progress, and the! House adjonrned. Friday, March 29 In the Senate, to-day, the bill to reduce the rates of postage, and limit the use and correct the abuse of theTranking privilege, and for the pre- vpminn nc frW nnTh PostOfflrP. nnnrtmrni nnAnr jr.,..7n TMn tinn .. & nnnn it The Senate aUo " t a short lime in j live session.. No confirmations were made. It adjourned over till Monday next. . The House of Representatives, after receiving the reports of several of the standing committees, and giving an appropriate direction to the busi ness presented by them, went into Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, (Mr. Weller in the chair.) and resumed the consideration of the bi'l to regulate the pay of the army, and for other purposes. After a debute, the question was taken on the amendment submitted by Mr. J. W. Davis, lo abolish the office of Major-general, and decided in the negative, without a division. The discus sion was continued till after four o'clock, when the committee rose and reported progress, and the House adjourned. The appointment of the Hon Frederick Nash, to the Supreme Court bench, gives, we believe, ! t-j (l ta,u u a general satisfaction ; and it appears to be the gen-' th , March At cverr P,ot. eral wish that he-should accept the appointment, j Charleston, at Wilmington, and at Petersburg, he The Judge is pretty " long headed,1' and we doubt j was received with the liveliest demonstrations of therefore, whether he will accept it He has affection and regard. Of course he entered im becn a whig long enough to know that white . mediately Upon his duties as the Head of the folks are very uncertain, and that "a bud in the I ei Gm hand is worth two in the bush." If the Council i State Department. C had the audacity to reject George E. Badger, u tTt . r gentleman "known to every man, woman, and f M'knburg Jeffersonian. We regret to per child in the State," and who did intend trimming ce,ve tnat Joseph W. Hampton, Esq. has retired the whiskers of every man in the Navy ; what j from the editorial chair of this ablfe democratic will tbe Legislature do with a rank Fed who is ! Journal. He is h Mr fl,m.i n uvrv u Luoiajiy kuuwu r Wilmington Messenger. Death by Lightning. We learn that during the thunder storm on Wednesday evening of last I week, Mr. Jonathan Underwood, while visiting at the house of his neighbor, Mr. Stephen White, otuuKcr creeK in mis county, was struck Dy ngni ning and instantly killed. He was sitting in the piazza, he at one end and Mr. White at the other, and a little son of Mr. White but a moment before was standing between his legs. The lightning passed through the top of the piazza, and set the building on fire, but it was soon extinguished Mr. Underwood was a vbuns; man of respectable characterand had been but recently married. No i i - i .... . mar was leu on nis person, except a slight burn on one side of his neck. No other person in tbe house was injured. Hillsbord1 Recorder. Editorial Remaik. "How seldom it happens," said one friend to another, "that we find editors who are bred to the business." "Very," replied the other, "and have you. not remarked how sel dom the business is bread to the editors." Gl. Cass, Wb last SfeJ York Standard, leading tjass paper, ..-contains me ionowing.: 'Genital Cass did hot plate his naine.beforc' the beonleas a candidate for the Presidency? and he wilt not withdraw r . . - General Ca!s has said that he would 'ahjdeTtif the decision of a, Baltimore National Dirnjf-m cratic Convention and he vilrto recede from this declaration. "We make the above statements, by authority, and request all editors who exchange with us to note them." THE STAND ARB- UvlJLElGH, A L. Wednesday, April 3, 1811. FOR GOVERNOR : Col. MICH A Eli HOKE, Of Lincoln County. JEi"? The first number of " Curtius" has been received, and shall appear as soon as possible. These numbers are from the pen of a gentleman who acted a prominent part in favor of the Whig party in 1840, but who now comes out and open ly repudiates that party, its false professions, and its corrupt leaders. He says : " I was honest in my co-operation with the Wbigs in 1840. TheyJ have deceived me, and, as I think, every true re publican that went with them ; at d i feel that, in withdrawing from them as a party, and unking with the democrats at this time, I am discharging a duly to myself, to ray country, and lo the patri otic founders of our government." - We are compelled to defer until next week the fifth number of Tacitus. The communication of "A Democrat" has come to hand, and shall ap pear soon. $r3 Read the truthful and eloquent speech of Mr. Melville, on our first page. Also, tbe article ofl our last page, entitled K Sugar Creek, North Carolina." No important news by the mails of yester day. The Senate did not sit on Saturday last The House was engaged that day in the consider ation of the bill regulating the pay of the army. Geo. Henderson, Minister Plenipotentiary from the Republic of Texas, arrived at Washington on the 29th ultimo. The Legislature of Maine has adjourned. Resolutions instructing tbe Senators from that State to oppose the annexation of Texas, failed by a decided majority. - ICjT Mr. Graham has been removed to his residence at Hillsborough, and-we are glad to learn that "little or no doubt exists of his speedy 1 M III Jf . V; ?r The fearfcss and able Editor of the Tar- . . , i borough Press, after commenting upon the elec-! . s. . 1 llARAAflllfr trio ftl VI f I -aw tn ft U .a. C . i c . . , , ,s 3 " ? . - . . . .. . . "itaicign vjruarus. we would remse to take our. , . . , , place in the ranks, to minister to the vanity of this publicum visiter." Right I And there ore 1 many good democrats who ic ill not take their , places in the rahk.. They have no idea of l AsXS Sblfkn ! ing up in uniform to be abused and tongue lashedrae name of the Wake County Democratic Association. 4 b lhe eicclioaeet Spvaonah it is said 9 he noured out torrents of abuse unon tbe democra- ' j. . ' . . vj wtc ulu,j, w , ten hours in the place before prominent democrats tion to procure members, to prepare bowtwv kir-the ac . , r.. . ; tion of the Association, ami to invite such pursuits to ad- passed under the "lash of his serpent-tongue, be- dress its meetinM as they may think calculated to pro- - ilnt. rnfutful is l.innn , i . r. , ., n r. a r L m I ' uuk lilt v muu u utiik-c uiu riuuiitb vti unit : , , . . - . v a K r r - H t c f r i.n, lo horn ia-ilJ f . -i r T hi m Ka( for "'s " manners He says he'll wait. We perceive by a comma- nicatioo fiom a friend of Governor Morehead in a late Register, that that gentleman has consented to postpone his claims on the Vice Presidential chair until the campaign of 1848. Then, it is said, he win run honest John and john Clayton to the contrary notwithstanding. Now, "if Mr. Badger would only use his influence in behalf oCLfTTe oUowini, jrentlemen were elected officers vjv. niuiciicoM uui vc iuiuui. ' i ii i u jii i l . I Democracy of Hertford. We are glad to see tht zeal and ener whlch moBg'the l mocracy of Hertford countv. Read their able and excellent Resolutions in another column. That bold and indefatigable democrat Col. John H. Wheeler was present, as will be seen by their proceedings, at their late Meeting, and a corres pondent informs us that his speech was able and animated, and produced a fine effect upon his fel low citizens. .Hertford is safe for the democracy. 1 Crawford. We extend to Mr. Crawford the rioht hand of fellowship, and wish bitn. great success. "Long may the Jeffersonian prosper, to battle for the cause of equal rights with increased energy and zeal." ICg There will be a Special Superior Court held for Orange county, at Hillsborough, on the second Monday in June next. Parties and wit nesses are notified to attend. n3Thts Raleigh Register has not yet inform ed the public wRy Mr. Clay's speech against the National Bank, delivered in 181 1, was omitted in "Mallory's Life and Speeches of Clay." We again u pause for a reply." The Fayetteville North Carolinian of the 30th ult. says, the trade of Fayetteville has con tinued dull since our last; But little cotfon fn 8 cents about the highest price. Bacon is proba bly a little on the ad vance 7 cents cash is given. aJ'MBieoraUc Convention for Wake i nis'bQdy ssetntiea in tms tjity on monaay i -o me iresiaenuai campaign or I84U Vharles last. , AbeurseVenty-fie "delegates, men who beJAIahly, John H. Bryan, George W. Haywood, I on to and who represented the highest and most substantial interests nT the eonnty, were in attend - ance ; and their proceedings were Characterized by the greatest enthusiasm and unanimity. By (reference to their proceedings, published in an other column, ir wHl be perceived that GeorOe W. Thompson Esq.was nominated for the Senate, and Gen, JamEs M Mangum, Jambs B. Shepard and Gaston H. . Wilder, Esquires, were presented as .candidates for seats in the House of Commons. Mr. Thompson! is a most estimable gentleman. He has devoted considerable attention to political affairs, and. is every way qualified to represent Wake county in the Senate; and we indulge the hope that he may fiud it both agreeable and con venient to respond affirmatively to the call which, his fellow-citizens have made upon him. With bim for a candidate on the Senatorial, ticket, we shall count with confidence upon a brilliant vic tory. The gentlemen nominated in the Commons are well known, having lermedy represented the peo ple of Wake county in the Legislature. Mr. Shepard, having been waited upon by the Com mittee immediately after his nomination had been J made, appeared before the Convention and ad dressed it for some time in strains of sound argu ment and animated eloquence. He alluded to the great political questions of the day, and concluded his remarks by some masterly views of-the Texas and Ofegon questions. He said he could not de cline a nomination, which his friends knew had not been sought, hut which was nevertheless so kindly tendered. : The Convention was also addressed by Gen. Maogum and Mr. Wilder. The former gentle man made a brief but excellent speech, accepting the nomination ; and the latter enlarged for some time, and with his accustomed ability and force, upon the prominent measures of the day, WOUItl that every man in Wake County could have lis tened to- the salutary political truths he uttered 1 We tell our friends in dther portions of the State that Wake county is aroused. The unadul terated blood of true democracy beats with a strong and ardent pulse at the heart of the good old Commonwealth. Let all the other counties pre pare for action. Let them imitate the example of Wake and Franklin"; let them organize as the Whigs organize; let them Be ready for their op ponents at all points; and let them not pause upon measures of defence, for the war must be carried into the most distant territories of coondom and humbuggery. Above all, let them bring out their I m I .to t m m m fn r the J .0 art c tt I 'it r k rv x t77 a mn. After the Convention had adjourned, a Demo- . . e . , cratic Association for the county was Jonned. The following constitution for the government of ' the Association was submitted by a Committee . i - i appointed at a previous meeting, and unanimously . 8 , ' . of ReDubllcin p., ol Wake county, opposed to the election of Henry Clay, and to 'he officers of the Association shall be, a President, 1 two Vice Presidents, a Recording Secretary, a Cones- mm Mtm - r pondme Secretary, ana a Treasurer . There shallbe two Standing Committees, compos- eA af fi ve members each: one a commute of Invita- innto tha urmf nrinr'inl nt Dp mnr rac v : f ntlior B , - f-. j , committee of Finance, to provide ways and means to - . defray the expenses of ttiis Association. 4. 1 wenty memoers snail consoinie a quorum lor me transaction of bnsiness. 5. The regular meetings shall be held at such time and place as mav be hereafter designated by t majority ot members but the President, or either ot the Vice Pre, ideuts shall, at any time, be authorised to call a meeting at the request of five members. 6. The Treasurer shall not pay any clainV, unless upon the certificate of the President, or one of the Vice Pres idents, counter-sined by lhe Recording Secretary. 7. This constitution shall be altered or amemled by a majority of members present, aml,it shall continue in force until the first ot tecmber, 18-14. " " i e n? - -- UI IMC A9WVIUIIUII . Kimbrongh Jones, President. Thomas L, West, ) ir. " , . t T, 1 , ? Vice Presidents. John Hulch ins, $ Perrio Busbee, Corresponding Secretary. William W. Holden, Recording Secretary. John C. Palmer, Treasurer. University Magazine. Our thanks are due to tne Publisher for the April number of this work. We have read with great pleasure the Address of Judge Battle on the Life and Character of the late William Gaston. The article under the head of "Editor's Table," is a capital thing in its way. We subjoin the heads of the contents : A Bache lor's Indisposition Ambition Extract from Dr. Lardner on Astronomy Editor's Table -Judge Battle's Address Love of Children Religious Belief Sunday The influence of Circumstance on the Destiny of Man The Historical Society of the University of North Carolina The Great Mogul The influence of the University upon the State Stray Leaves of History Poetry Agnes' Lips Alcoholte" Aduiterations-r-Lines to a young Lady On the death of Gov. Caswell The Battles of Thermopyla?. Persons wishing to subscribe will address Thomas Loring, Pub lisher, Raleigh, and send $3 in advance. , 53 The Whigs are at their old game of try ing to put down democrats by ridiculing what they call their ignorance and stupidity. The Inst Register contains a communication signed S. in which on attempt of this sort is made. Such at tempts are as feeble as they are contemptible, and will recoil upon the heads of those that make them. Mr. Collins, of Franklin, is a plain farm er and therefore these Whigs, these men who pretend to so much love for log-cabin fnen, de nounce him. That is the reason. They cannot bear to see the honest and upright democratic farmers of the country promoted to places of trust and honor. Like one of their leaders, Mr, Leigh, of Vi rginia, they believe that. neither farmers nor mechanics ire " safe depositories of public trusts." JUSTICE TO MR. VAN BUREjt. j Hugh McQueen, William H. Battle, Weston R. 1 Gales, Thomas J. Lemayand Henry W. Miller, the Whig Central Committee of North Carolina, charged that Mr. Van Buren was opposed to the late war. The following is the language employed'' on fhe bccasiont they " To the late, war, which lias been very proper-l ly catLeauour second war for tndependenee which was fought for "free trade and sailor's rights' Mr. Van Buren was opposeB." This charge is contained in an " Address to the people of- North Carolina," signed by the above gentlemen, ancf written, by the Hon-.. George E. Badger. Yes, written by an individual who was himself opposed to the rate war, and who in 1828, labored to put down "the principles he supported in 1840. Well may Mr. Badger exclaim "Oh! that I had never written a book I" But what are the facts in the case t These gen tlemen charged that Mr. Van Buren was epposed to the late war, and this charge h-s never been retracted. Is the charge true? No. It is fill se throughout, false in the whole, and false in every particular. Mr. Van Buren was a bold and ar dent supporter of the war. But we do not ask the people of North Carolina to take our word for it. We have the testimony of a prominent Whig of the State of New York io favor of Mjr- Van Bu ren. and against those who have charged him here and elsewhere witb being opposed to the late war, and we now present this testimony. The corres pondence will explain itself: Frotn the New York Commercial Advertiser. POLITICAL HISTORY. The Northern mail brings us the following letter of in quiry , to Which we shall reply with ali the frankness and sincerity demanded by the occasion : Avon , Livingston Countv, New York, February 24,1844. j Wm. L. Stone, Esq. O - 1 . 1 C nl 1" ft . J t a I- oib; runue uuruuseui seining a suuieci di ueoaie r ,l ,t r.L. , among some f.iends, who agreed to refer the matter to trom tne moutn Of the promising and enlightened jrou, allow me to Tnquire what were the opinions and Mr. Clingmrtn ! Not only this but he " wrif conduct of Martin Vm Buren in the early stages of the , . T e c ,' vriies war of 1812, touching the policy of the war. On what j ,elters i inaiana in lavor of the protective poli grounds did he support De Witt C linton for the Pcesi- cy," and to Virginia another "letter strorndv dp dency in opposition to Mr. Madison 1 And what were ! ,, .. " e" Mr. Clinton's views in relation to'the war and its cori- tmJm"l . . . . f u jit, t c aui. v Li hiuu iu novv wu uiv ptac uai ij candidate, and that Mr. Van Buren supported hi in on that ground. Will yon-have the kindness to set us right, either by answering it in the Commercial Advertiser, or by letter? . If by letter, we will not regard it as intended for publi cation. Your answers to the above will much, oblige many whig friends. I am, very respectfully, ISAAC-WELLS. answer. we prefer giving a public answer lo tne foregoing corn muni cation, made, we doubt not. in good faith, for sever al reasons. Principal among these", is the strong desire we have that justice should be done to all men, and we think that ftMr. Van Buren has rn?t been fairlv dealt by in the matters referred to. It is irue,that Mr. Van Buren ! Henry Clay, they treat him as a superior intelli was one of the early supporters of Mr. Clinton for the , . , , r office of President, in the year 1812, in opposition to Mr. Madison ; that helook pait in tlie republican legislative caucus at which Mr. C . was first nominated. That cau- cue was held, and that nomination was made, on the 28th ot May nearly a mo.4b before the declaration ot war. land we believe it was published in the Register I he elections in this State were then held in April, and i . . the political year commenced on the first Mondav of July, j 1 which the "chorister Said, that although Mr. Mr. Van Bn ren had been chosen to the Senate in April, ' f;itr ivus " in fnrm n mm " but was not, ot course, a member of the Legislature that made the nomination. His senatorial term commenced on the first Mondav of Julv ; and lie first took his seat at the extra session held in November, to choose the Presi- lential eleciors. Viirlhprnmrf it it nlsn inw fhnl .Mr. dHnttax hrramr the candidate of" thepeace party." Vet it is not true l lesness and blindness of an unaccountable infatua thai he was originally nominated as such, or that Mr.,nn nmnmrncJ u n. j ,i Vn nrttniSnhi,t,nihTSiini,ir, . u?' ve P" him the cause and tkt ported him as such. He (Mr: C.) was, in fact, driven into that position by the force of circumstances ; and it mnon oy inejorce or circumscances ; ana it thanjuslice to Mr. Van Buren to say that af- is no more ter Mr. Clinton became identified with the peace party as their candidate, his support of him became languid. Indeed, we have reason to believe (hat he thenceforward, threw his influence, as. far as he could do so, considering the previous committal of the legislative caucus,, which he held to be binding upon the partv, in behalf of Mr. Madison. The truth is, Mr. Clinton was never nomina ted or supported as on opponent to the war, but directly the reverse. He was thus nominated and supported ex nrps.slv unon the srround lhat th crisis demanded a nmrp L vigorous arm at the helm of State than Mr. Madison's. I he war bad not been actually declared, it is true, but every intelligent man saw that it was inevitable, and very near ; and it was feared, as the result proved, that under Mr. Madison's administratein. it would be feebly con ducted. . Believing thus, that the times demanded an ex ecutive of greater energy and force of character, the at tention of many patriotic men of both political parties was directed elsetehercthan to Virginia for a candi date; and from the high intellectual qualities, of Mr. Clinton, and the acknowledged energy of his character, it was conceived that he would prosecute the impending contest with greater vigor, and bring it to a more speedy and honorable close than could be done by Mr. Madison. This was the ground upon which he was nominated, ami upon which he was supported by Mr. Van Buren, and such of the old repubhean party as adhered to him through the contest. Jts to the opintotis and conduct of Mr. Van Buren in the early stages of the war, we have reason to know that they were nut exactly tn har mony with the majority of the people of this State, even of his oiun party, at the timt,for it wust be borne in mind that a very decided majority of the Representatives in Congress, from the State of ATtw York with Oba diuh German in the Senate at their head vottd against the declaration of war : not, however, that they held (he Contest to be unjus:, but they believed the country wholly unprepared lor war at the time, and consequently that the declaration was inexpedient. Such, probably, were the original views of Mr. VanBureu. Such, certainly, were the views of Mr. Clinton. But, the war having been declared, it is due to Mr. Van Buren to say, that no public man in the State sup ported it more thoroughly, heartily, and zealously, throughout, than he did. Such, we know, is not the re ceived opinion in many pairs of the country, especially in the distant States, and we frequently see attempts ma king, in the presses opposed to him, to render him unpop ular by charging him with opposition to the wnr itself, as well as to M Madison. But the charge is untrue. Many of our political friends will scowl upon us, we know, for our frankness on fhisr occasion. But we care not for that. Justice to all men is our maxim, and we wish not to beat even Mr. Van Buren by falsehood. We have, indeed, truth enough at our command to do that with." Here, then, is the most conclusive testimony in Mr. Van Buren's favor, not from a political friend, but from a political opponent, trom one who knew hfm during the last war., who lived in the same State with him, and who has always been one of his political antagonists. Will it not satisfy that portion of our fellow-citizens who were deceived in 1 84Q? Will it not even satisfy tbe Whis themselves? And will thev not now retract this charge? We shall see. New Orleans Election. It has turned out that the certificates of naturalization granted by Judge Elliott just before the election in New Orleans, are valid, and the election of Mr. Slidell, the dem ocratic candidate, has been unanimously declnred legal by both parties in the Legislature. So the cry of the Whigs about impeachment and cor ruption, amounts in this case, as in many others, to the little end of nothing. SPEECH. OF MR. CLINGMAN The "irirfirable speech tof Mr?Clingman has thrown th Regfcer-into ecstecies. He desir every body to reaTMf every body to talk about it and every W7hig candidate fQr the Legislature t' "digest its whdlesome truths." A much high ! compliment than the gentleman frm B.,nlfr I received at the hands of that paper for his votes 1 UUUt IllUIJ iSlO. We have neither time nor space at present devote to this effor, Hereafter tve may take k up, and show how much of truth and sound nxJ ment it contains. At any rate, it shall belaid aside, and k, together with certain abolition vote given by its author in the present Congress, shall be forthcoming at the proper time. We make threats, but we much mistake the character of th Buncombe District, if Thomas L. Clingman ever represents it again in the National Legislature There is one thing in this speech, hovverer which ought to be noticed at once, not because ! is calculated to injure Mr. Van Buren, but on ' count of the palpable and odious misrepresen ration it makes in regard to his opinions on the question of a Tariff Mr. Clingman sav, "While Mr. Van Buren votes for high tariffs makes sheep speeches at the North, and writes letters to Indiana in favor of the protective policy , ft.s.ftftJt. n.o- ,cuer strongly denounci u.v ,. vimgiiiiiH mean ( Does he as an honest Representative of a portion of the honest freemen of North Carolina, mean to sup press the truth ? And did he not suppress the truth, when he charged Mr. Van Buren with voting for the tariff of 1828, without stating at the same time that he did so under instructions from the New York Legislature ? Bnt it seems Mr Van Buren makes sheep speeches at the North" What an unpardonable sin I Mr. Van Buren has dared to "make a sheep speech!" When and where 1 And what an argument is this m p- i What ncc Mr 1 ,-- vvujg I wuuing u piuiei uve larin. v e pronounce this statement of-Mr. Clingman to be as false as it is ungenerous and unfair. Mr. Van Buren's letter to Indiana and the one he wrote to Virginia per fectly agree; and both show him to be, what Mr. Clingman is not, the advocate of a strictly reve nue tariff But for the present we leave the Bun combe member io the hands of Gen. Saunders and Dr. Duncan. - 1 JJy" GOD ' - i In the son-s and sneeches of fh Whin. I , ,, . . & ' 'y cjr y connection WJtfl j gence, ana some oi tnem nave even gone so far as i to nronounce him a God 1 A fiur nnL-. I . !.we saw a son passing through the Whig prints I . . : "He looked a God !" Another Whig has called him " the Republic personified," and thousands of others, in the reck- man," " tbe greatest of all human beings," and the , ,:. ,j ... - . ,T . ant,c,Patt'd redeemer of the country." Notv what is an uns out m.m-worsnip f it tears Lfoalroin his throne, and sets up a poor frail mortal in his stead, as the object of worship and adoration. Let the christians of the country reflect upon the fol lowinsr. It is taken from- the hittnr nnrtnf the twelfth chapter of the Acts of the Apostles: " And upon a set day, Herod, arrayed in royal apparer, sat upon his throne, and made an oration unto tliem. Aud the people gave a shout, sayimr, It is the voice of a God, and not of a man. And immediately the ongd of the Lord smote him, bt cause he gave not God the glory; and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost." Here is an awful account, given by the pencil of Divine Truth, of the destruction of one who suf fered the people to hail him as a God, and who, in the pride and arrogance of power, " gave not God the glory." Look at the conduct of Mr. Clay at Mobile and New Orleans. He entered both those cities on the Sabbath, and was hailed by tbe people with a shout saying, he comes! the re deemer and deliverer of the country I Fit echo to the words of the song, : He looked a God I" And did this political eleotioneerer,this " travel ling speech-maker," this god of the modern whig party " give God the glory" in violating the Sab bath ? Is it wonderful, after irU-thesc things after th excitement and revelries of 1840 after the pro cessions, and shouts, and dissipation which mark ed that period after these repeated violations of the Sabbath, and such open and daring insults of fered to Heaven itself, that misfortunes and judg ments have fallen on the country? "Who'll Pay 7 The Standard seems to think the Whigs will be hard run to raise money enough toenttr tain Mr. Clay. One ihing is certain, we shall nots aid either from rabid Locofocos, or renegade Whig Register. The Register begins to show pluck. But it mistaken on this point, as it is on many others. The Whig leaders here will not "be hard run," apd we have not sajthey would ; but we ba8 said, and still say, that it is a small business in enrh wnnltKw tU.,.. tA ko writing ters all over the State to raise money, by tbe wmwm m vuikuj- men cso til xzy oic iu " " shilling'" and dollar, to defray the expenses of Mr. Clay's visit. Tbe terms "rabid locofocos," and "renega Whigs," may pass for as much as they are worth Those whom the Register calls " rabid locofocos would always and every where pass for S Democrats; and we would rather be a "rcneg1 Whig" of the most confirmed character, than W be guilty of the odious and unpardonable sin having voted for that dangerous and malignant old man. John GLuincy Adams.