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The North-Carolina standard. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 1834-1850, March 26, 1845, Image 2

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willing to come into the Union, or that she would
come in on any terms, the treaty power might be
r sorted to, in order to acquire Texas, ns was
done when the negotiations were first set on foot J
or if ue were to be forced into a just and legiti
jnate war with Texas, and were to make conquest
of ir, we might hold Texas acquired by the right
ful exercise of either of ihese powers, and Congress
might then, in its discretion, admit ft into the
Union, to which CongrresS only is competent.
But when Texas has signified her willingness,
ana we nave reason 10 oeiieve wemiuw mc ici uio
i i i l i ikirmo
nnnn rt'r-.ifV tvrmlrt K willin'T
r. to be admitted
in,n tt. tTn.nn nH nr clothed with the Dow -
er to admit a State or foreign territory, why in- rie into effect in some way, to accomplish the ob- be also ; unless it be unlawful to hold territory
voke the treaty power if we are satisfied with the jject for which it was given. And that Congress j which has not been previously acquired by the
terms? When in connection withlhese general j may admit or accept Texas, as a territory, is a , treaty-making power. I will add but a few other
considerations we reflect that the power to admit j proposition which I shall now attempt to show, j considerations to what I have already said in an
new States extends to States without as well as j And as the importance which I attach to the ac-, swer to the objection on this point. It will not
within the limits of the United States, we aie for
ced to conclude that the objection I amconsider
ing is merely specious. For if it was the inten
tion of the convention that Congress should exer
cise the power to admit new States in no instance,
until it had been first acquired and our limits ex-
tended by treaty, and if you please the war pow-
er. it was unnecessary and idle to have dispensed
vltk the wnrrU rrt riptinw the nower to new States
-1 l .. i: r
" constituted or estabiisncu wunin me wniw ui
.u tt:.i e.-.n
: J lllieu oiuirs.
Rut Mr frhnirmnn ihe Cnnfstitnlinn. nmon?
other things, requires a Representative in Con -
tress to have been a citizen of the United States
?oven years, and a Senator nine, and each to be ; alone be justified tinder the power, b or instance :
nn inhabitant of the State in which he shall be ' If it can be accomplished by one entire act, we
chosen; and it is objected that Texas cannot be i are not at liberty to do the same thing in piece
Imitied as a State, because she could not be ! mea Is by several acts, although by every act we
represented. If Texas could not be represent-! proceed one step further, and directly towards the
td by any of her citizens in case of her j foil and final accomplishment of the end propos
ndmission, there would be much force in the led. 1 such be the idea upon which the objection
objection. For we cannot suppose the con von-' to this mode of admission be founded, I hold it to
tion intended to subject any State which might be erroneous, and refuted by the uniform practice
he admitted into the Union to the humiliation ' of the Government in all analagous cases, and
r f being represented by others than her own 1 not called for by the acknowledged rules of con
citizens. But is this so? In order to determine struction by which the republican party have pro-
the force of the
lo consider the
objection, it will be necessary
j9 .
citizenship mentioned in the
Constitution, and the object of this qualification
of Representatives and Senators. The idea of ; which that school of politicians are governed
citizenship of the United States must have origi-j would be violated by the admission or acceptance
rioted in the nature and object of our Union under ' 0f Texas as a territory, I would not vote for it, as
the Articles of Confederation, as declared in the anxious as lam to acquire Texas. In the earli
Ith article, the material part of which is in these ! e?t acts by Congress for the admissibn of States
v.ords: "The better to secure and perpetuate ; into the Union, the smallest possible range of ac
mutual friendship and intercourse among the pco-'. tion only, was necessary. Vermont, for instance,
pie of the different States in this Union, the free j being nn independent State when she applied for
inhabitants of each of these States, pauper vaga- admission, Congress simply passed a single act
hnds and fugitives from justice excepted, shall declaring their assent to her admission into the
be entitled to all privileges and immunities of free Union. And in case of Kentucky, the Legisln-i-ilizrns
in the several States, and the people of ture of Virginia having authorized the people of
c ich State shafl have free ingress and egress to the district of Kentucky to form a constitution,
and from any other State, and shall enjoy therein
all the privileges of trade and commerce, subject
lo the same duties, impositions, and restrictions as
the inhabitants thereof respectively." When the
A nicies of Confederation were formed, there was
?!o territory of the United States except what was
included within the limits of the several States,
and the articles themselves constituted merelyn
compact between the States as parties to it, but
;brmed no general government, creating that re
lation between the government and the governed,
from which citizenship is supposed to result.
By virtue of the stipulation in the compact, the
citizens of any State were looked upon, not mere
ly as citizens of that particular State, but as citi
zens of the United Stiles, inasmuch as they were
'hereby vested with the right of citizenship in
any other State in which they might choose to
take up their abode. To become a citizen of any
one State, or a citizen of the north western ter
ritory, to which the benefits of the confederation
were extended by compact, drew after it the pri
vileges and immunities of citizens of the several
nr United States as a consequence. But when
the Articles of Confederation wefe superseded
by the present Constitution, our situation was
By the limits settled by the treaty of peace, as
well ns by the cessions of several of the States,
in uuiwu oums uwneu mucii lermory, anu tne (
adoption of the Constitution ofthe United States :
K I .-,,- x-f Wft 1 4 J . 1 .1
stablished a government which acted directly up
on the people of the States as well as upon the
people ol the territories. The fourth Article of
:ne uonxeaeration is substantially retained in the ; t0 such admission, can gentleman fail to perceive
sreond section of the fourth article ofthe Consti-;that some ofthe resolutions, if not all, proposing
iuticn which is in these words: "The citizens of I the admission of Texas as State, merely embody
each State shall be entitled to all the privileges 1 the terms, and pledge the consent of Congress for
and immunities of citizens in the several States." j ils admission, but do not, in fact, admit Texas in
But no express provision is made respecting citi- t0 lbe Union. It does seem, Mr. Chairman, with
zensbip of the inhabitants of territories Their a due deferen ce to others, that if we will not in
citizenship must result from their relaliontoth e 1 dulge in a course of reasoning like that which
government which protects them, and to which characterized the scholastic disnutatinns of the
jf the United Slates.
It would seem, then, that citizenship required
in a Representative or Senator may be such as fol
lows the citizenship of a State or results from the;
relation of the inhabitants of
of a territorv to the A
'ederal Government. For if the neoole of a ter-1
r . ' ,r . I
ntory form a gorernment and are admitted as a
State into the Union, there can be no doubt. I an
"J A i I tone.wno b0. a" . always ;
cither branch of Congress, although he may nev
er have been in any State in the Union. And
on the other hand if Texas, or any other foreign
State be admitted into the Union, her citizens will
thereby become citlzrnts pi the United States at
once, by virtue ofthe second section ofthe fourth
article already referred to ; and such as have heen
citizens for seven and nine years will come within
the provisions ofthe Constitution precisely in the
same manner that citizens of the several States
- - I, . f
I? iT 1 7 5 ? vVaSrrnot rflred that tht?y
should be citizens of the United States Govern-
virV.r P a tn- Peratt?n l seven
. ears in t hP. nnn l!l nnri mno in lU U C
tjjL '.. V,. "" 'r
such was an impossibility ; nut citizens ofthe
Slates represented, and consequently citizens of
the United States. By this construction, the very
object intended to be secured by citizenship is at
tainedfidelity to and knowledge of the interest
01 me particular State, and consequently fidelity
t, ,l . e .l wrt . jr. " .-' J
to the interest of the United States, consistent ,r !
w.Ifk U u: i r.u i e i . JJ
Wltn the Obiect of the r. nnsp for fh sirtmitnn r
new States.
But, Mr.
Chai rman. another answer. whi-h
has already been given, is a sufficieut one to th
objection on the score of citizenship in the particu-!
jar case or texas. Most of the inhabitants of
Texas are emigrants of the United States, and al
though I do not concur in the feudal notion that
citizens and subjects are adslruti eelba. and can
not exnntfintp 1hnrn veo avMfr otm. .k...M I
u liZ'J. rL. u,u UCYtriana the federal Uovernment
V r ?"r"?f. 11 ' J" .e avotoea. rne cases ot
the intention of abandon nV. "..7.
.hiki ican citizens leaving the United States with
are so yery rare, and the instances for commercial
and other purposes so frequent, that the Jatter
ilk or. l i j j "ccr
snouiu.piwnya ana ine former never be nresumed
oT M ' a 80Und P"cple. therefore, that
nhhougha .citizen emigrate to another country,
arid acquires in it the lights of citizenship, his
nahts We are merely suspended, and are receiv
ed and imtnediately pttachto him upon his return,
witlipul the hrpfhty ,Qf -naturalization. The ex-
trnsion of the limits of tho Uwted States, by the
admission of Texas, would have the same effect
ns the voluntary return of nil the emigrants there
from the United States, any of whom would steer
clear of the objection which has been urged.
Rut sir if neither of the answers which have
been submitted were sufficient, it would only prove
that Congress could not admit Texas, at once, as ; entire performance ot tne power. u the prepar
a State, and would be a strong, if not conclusive, tory acts for the admission of States before notic
arffument in favor of its admission or acceptance ?6. are justified under the power to admit new
I r . i -i i ' . r m .
as a territory. For reason and common sense re-;
ik.i ikn i i nnrrrxio iHonnitifr i n I n o
. uuirc, mm mo pui o
(admission of new States of foreign territory, as l
1 ttiink I have conclusively shown, should be car-!
quisftion of Texas is such, that I may vote for j
some of the resolutions which propose to annex h
ns a territory, I must express my regret that my
fi imd from 'Virginia, who addressed the commit-;
tee this morning, and whose opinions are entitled
to great respect, has cast the weight of his author-;
jty against this mode of admission. The objec-
tion, if I understand it, consists in this: that the
! admission or nerentnnee of Texas as a territorv. is !
. 5 ,1 . j o. , 1
, not necessarily inciarni to us aumission us a ouuc
.kTT..:J; t tsT.y pem 1
I IIIIU UIC XJ IllWIl. Xll Ulliri UIUO M "
I iiilu nit; j iiiwii. 111 uuiri uiuo m nt .
tn he thnt t he Ipast nossihle extrnt or ranire of ac-
1 tion, whereby the end can be accomplished for
which a given power was vested in Congress, can
fessed to be governed. Sir, I am myseli a strict
! . 1 . r. ill-ll.1l'
constructionist, and U I could be induced to oeneve
that anv of the essential rules of construction by
with a view to their admission as a State into the
Union, and the convention of delegates having
petitioned Congress " to consent that on the first
dav of June, one thousand seven hundred and
i ninety-two, the said district should be formed into a
new State, and received into the Union, by the
' name of "the State of Kentucky," Congress did,
; by an act approved February 4, 1791, consent,
i u that upon the aforesaid first day of June, one
thousand seven hundred and ninety-two, the said
'new Slate, by the name and tyle of the State of
Kentucky, (should) be received and admitted into
this Union as a new and entire member of the
United States of America" The State of Tennes
see was admitted by an act of Congress, declaring
it to be uone of the United States of America,"
and Ohio by an act authorizing the inhabitants lo
from a constitution and Slate Government, "and
'. the said State when formed, be admitted into (he
I Union." But in the case of Louisiana, and most
, of the other States, preparatory acts were first pass
ed, authorizing the holding of conventions for ihe
formations of constitutions to be submitted to Con-
gress: whereupon acts for their
admission into!
the Union as States were passed. The fact that
no preparatory acts were previously passed in the
cases of Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, and
Ohio, proves that they were not indispensibly ne
cessary in the cases in which such acts were pass-
ed ; yet no body has ever doubted but they were
warranted bv the nower to admit new States.
. m
And if, sir, the power to admit new States into the
Union is to be restricted to the mere ceremony of
passing an act embodying the assent of Congress
middle ages: but, looking at the objects which
words are used to denote, as well as the words
themselves, will consider the end to be accom
plished by the admission ol a State into the Union,
it will not be difficult to nerceive that this mode of
u .u T 'iiTLZ oL.k-
inline uv, iiic iiuwci iu ciuiiui ucvv ouuis.
oi-.l fr' .u .u:u
the power is to operate, and the work to be done
or end to be accomplished, is to admit or make it
a State ofthe Union. That is. the people of Tex
as are to be admitted to the same relation to the
Federal Government, and to have the same rights
and privileges of self government and participa
tion in the Federal administrations which exist
among the people of the several States of the
Union. This twofold political relation is not ne
cessarily tg be accomplished at one and ihe same
time. For' if a power be given to accomplish a
particular end, it is an admitted rule of construe
n.w .t. .: a r:.. -r
nuii, uiu iijc nine uuu in ju uui j. iva ucnviinniii.1:.
j and whether by a single act or several, are left to
j the wisdom and discretion rf Congress to be gov-
J erned by the circumstances of the cases that may
I .. - li . . J
arise. In the disc
iscussion ot the bill directing tne
State Legislatures to divide their respective States
into districts, for electing members of Congress,
according to the apportionment under the last cen
sus passed during the last Congress, and also in
the debate which arose upon the question of ad-
""""'g w men actus ine iiicuiut'ia eifuiuu py
fi i . ... ills -Z 2T-:
g'cioi in-uci, m. uic msi scswuu. iv was earnest y
. . ' . J
insisted, that an act in part performance of a given
power is palid under the power. ' The position
was unquestionably a sound one, Sut had no ap
plication to the facts of the case. But in this
ease, if Texas be admitted into the .Union first as
Territory, it will be strictly in part performance
of the entire work which the Constitution author
izes to be done One of the political relations
; that existing between the people of a Territory
. .
will have been es-
And when Texas shall have formed
a. P"n .institution, adapted lo its condi-
t,on as a member ot the, Union, and as such shaJ
be admitted, not merely into the Union, but into
the Government of Ihe Union, all the political
rights-will (hereupon attach to her citizens, which
the full and entire performance" of .the power was
designed to create and establish. And this view
renders it not imp robable, that the acute penetrat
ing mind of Gouverneur ifaorris. was not without
an object in using the word Union" instead of
Gdvernr!ient?" in the substitute which jhe, offer-
; rd He probably foresaw that m some cases
j which might arise, it might be most appropriate
to establish, in the first instance, the relation of a
Territorial Government, which would be, in some
sense, an admission into the Union, though not
into the Government of the Union, or h the full
j sense designed to be accomplished by the full and
states, surety ine aumission or acceptance i im
n a Krn nrv rrpn in it nnn psin n sn mir nut; u
. ,.. , . . 7
the important political relations resulting irom
the admission of a new State into the Union must
be contended that it is within th functions ol the
treaty-making power to admit Texas into the
Union in any sense either as a Territory or as a
State. All that it can do, is to conclude the terms,
and obtain the consent of Texas, preparatory to
her admission. The only way
can, in any sense, and to any extent, be brought
into the Union and admitted to the benefits of the
Government of the United States, is, by act of
rn r,A ,r, ,'i i In rr it nt nnn a ic o Rfntn np extend -
vsuugno v.. r,
incr our iui sd fit on over it as a Terntorv.
'"fo J . . .
...jj " j - -.- --7 j
Will ffrnilemen who think there is any thing
in this objection refer me to the clause in the
Constitution under which the rich and valuable
territorv ceded by North Carolina and Georgia
were acquired and held It win oe ooserveu
that the cessions were made by the Legislatures of
those States, and that no authority has been given
to the State Legislatures to cede any portion of the
soil of their respective States to the Federal Gov
ernment but in pursuance of one of two clauses in
the Constitution the one authorizing the cession
of places " for the erection of forts, magazines,
arsenals, dock-yards, and other needful building"
the other the clause for the admission of new
States, in which it is expressly provided that " no
new State shall be formed or erected within the
jurisdiction of any other State" without the con
sent of the Legislature of such State. As the ces
sions were not made for the erection of a fort, or any
such needful building, ihey must have been made
and accepted under the clause for the admission ol,
new States. And it will be found upon examina-1
tion of the conditions upon which tne cessions
different mode of making States of Tennessee and
the territory ceded by Georgia (induced, in a
frreat degree, perhaps, by the idea that a territori
al government would afford more security to the
people inhabiting those territories than the Gov
ernments of the parent Slates.) from that pursued
by Virginia in the case of Kentucky. In ibat
case, the people of the district of Kentuck y were
authorized by Virginia to form a constitution,
under which she was admitted into the Union by
Congress, with the consent of ihe Virginia Legis
lature, without the preparatory step of a cession
of the territory to the United States. Sir, I have,
not treated the acquisition of Tennessee and the j
Yazoo country by the. Federal Government, as a
mere properly transaction. I he leading purpose -
ofthe acquisition the tormntion and admission of .
c. ...... :. . u f..: CiU. :. D.. ;r,u
new States into the Union forbids it. rsut, u ine
admission for it is in some srnse an admission
into the Union, or acceptance if Tcxns, as a ter
ritory, were placed upon the ground of a property
transaction, where, in the name of reason and
common s nse, is the objection ? There are at
this time some Arabian horses in this city, belong
ing to the Government, and many valuable artic
les in the Patent Office, received, not from any
State ofthe Union, but from foreign princes, and
without a treaty negotiation to obtain them, our
title to which depends upon the acceptance of
Congress; and when it is admitted that the Gov
ernment ofthe United States can hold territory as
well as horses, guns, and carpets, why may we
not accept Texas when it is offered to us by those
who have the undoubted right of it?
Mr. Daniel's hour having expired, he was
not permitted to proceed further in his remarks
We sincerely regret lo perceive, that the new
and elegant three story brick building on Fay
etteville Street, recently erccttdntso great cost by
ourenterprizingfellow-cilizen, B. B. Smith, Esq.,
and which is so striking an ornament to our City,
is advertised to be sold without reserve, on the 1st
of April, if not sooner disposed of at private sale.
We regret Ihe necessity for this sale, occasioned, i
as we learn with pain by heavy losses in various j
forms, which added to the excessive "hardness of;
the times," forces this valuable property into mar-j
ket. For the sake of our friend and his family, we
hope that this splendid edifice (if no arrangement
can be made to prevent its sale) may, at least, com
mand a fair price, as it is sufficiently painful to
see a meritorious fellow-citizen forced to abandon
such a building, without the additional regret ofj
witnessing its sale under the hammer at a shame- j
ful sacrifice. We believe it is well known, and :
generally conceded, that few residents amongst
us, it any, have been more aistinguisneu ror Kina
and liberal acts towards others, or for the dfipfay
of greater public spirit and taste in improving and
adorning the City than Mr. Smith. But rever
ses of fortune frequently come, let man do as he
may, and more the pity in this instmce, as they
have been principally brought about by the injus
tice of others.
As such another opportunity to acquire valu
able Real Estate in our City, may not soon again
occur, we should think any capitalist could not
find a safer or more profitable investment, than in
the purchase of this valuable Properly. Being
situated in the heart of the City, ond so convenient
ly constructed, it must always command a good
rent. "We learn that the ordinary income from
that source, when the rooms are all occupied ex
ceeds 91,000 per annum.
Every owner of Real Estate to any extent, in
the City, is measurably interested in not suffering
this property to be sacrificed ; for in the same pro
portion,hat this is sold for less than its true value,
must a diminution take place in all other City
property. Its entire cost of construction, we are
informed, was $17,200. Let it be sold for less
than 910,000, end where is the man who would
ever again have the heart to erect a building of
any taste or beauty in Raleigh ? Register.
Mr. Calhoun arrived here on Saturday room
ing and spent the day in social intercourse with
his friends. He declined the public occasion ten
dered him, but dined .in a quiet way with the
Members of the City Council and other gentlemen.
Mr. McDuffie also arrived here on Saturday
and left yesterday. .He is . very feeble and walks
lwith difficulty, but is we believe no worse in
health than Be has been through the winter.
The Hon Mirabeau B. Lamar, Ex-President
of Texas, and Com. .Moore, late of the Texan
Navy, arrived yesterday in the Wilmington boat.
Theormer left im mediately for Savannah, the
Jatter stops at tlx? Charleston Hotel.
Charleston Mercury, of the Tlh.
made, that a lenaing purpose was tne iorma- t oe, uryani oirowu, esq., oeii. n. a iuuuci, xm-j.
of the territory into States, and their adm is-, Morgan Mebane, John Tabscott, George reeland,
.v. tt..; npk; .. .! . ' Dr. P. Jones. David Umsted, Elisha Umsted, Col.
For the North Carolina Standard.
Democratic Meeting in Orange.
A meeting of the Democrats of Orange was held
in Hillsborough, at the Masonic Ball, on the 1 lib
instant, for the purpose of making a move relative
to the appointment of a suitable candidate for the
'next Congress Irom (he seventh district. I he
meeting was organized by calling Col. Jesse Gant
to the ehair, and appointing J. W. Hancock secre
tary. The object of the meeting having been ex
plained by the chairman, a motion was made to
appoint a committee of six to draft suitable resolu
tions; which being concurred in, the chairman ap
pointed to that office Gen. Bl Trollinger, J. H.
Horner, Wm. Patterson, Benjamin Hurdle, Maj.
Cheek, and Dr. Sims. During the absence of the
committee, Gen. Daniel being called upon, address
ed the meeting in a manner that evinced his
warm devotion to the cause of Democracy, and
fully sustained his former- high reputation as ad
able, logical, and spirited speaker. After Gen.
Daniel had closed his address, (he committee re
potted the following preamble and resolutions,
which were unanimously adopted :
VV hereas, the time is near at hand when the people
of the seventh district will be called upon to choose a
Representatives the next Congress; and whereas
it is essential to the success of the Democracy that
we should be on
j Biejit ; therefore,
we should be united in action as well as in senti
this meeting approves of the
! nronosition to hold
a District Convention, for the
' f ftomiiatinir a suitable candidate for the
puiposeot nounuating a suitaote canuiuaie
nuvf rnnrrro c
Resolved, That in ihe opinion of this meeting
Henderson is the most convenient place for hold-
! ins
said Convention
Resolved. That the Charman appoint forty dele
gates to represent this county in said Convention.
Resolved, That the delegates be requested to meet
at Henderson on the third Saturday in April, pro
vided the other counties of (he district concur in
the proposition to bold such Convention at the a
bove mentioned time and place.
Resolved, That we pledge ourselves lo give our
undivided support to the nominee of said Con
In accordance with the above resolution, the lol-
lowina individuals were appointed delegates to said
Convention, viz : Col. Wm. Horner, Williamson
Parish, esq, Jesse- P. Parker, John Holt, Dr.
Montgomery, Gen. Allison, Dr. J. S. Bracken.
William Ntlson, Maj. James M. Palmer, Capt.
John Berry, Col. Latumer, Maj. J. Fogleman, Maj.
Wm. Patterson, George Patterson, John McCown,
Beui. Hurdle. Dr. Eli F. Watson, W illiam IH. I'ratt,
Col. Joseph McMurry, Maj. Jacob Hurdle, Capt.
vVm. Jordan, Dr. John Allison, Nicholas Hester,
John W. nancocR, if. ti. mcuaae, tapt. nasion
Cad. Jones, Col. John Huffman, Dr. Sims, Henry
Fogleman, J. H. Horner, and James Stagg.
It was then ordered that the proceedings ofthis
meeting be published in the Hillsborough Recor-
der, North Carolina Standard, and District Demo -
On motiou the meeting adjourned.
JESSE GANT, Chairman.
J. W. Hancock, Sec'y.
From the Tarboro' Press.
Democratic Meeting in Carteret.
A mee(ing of (he Democrats of Carteret county
was held at ihe Court House in Beaufort on the Sth
of Match 1S45, to appoint delegates to attend a dis
trict Convention to beheld in the town of Wash-
; : .1. .. ,.r ..Ut:nn ..n.li.Uio in
r - ent lhis 'congressional District in the next
c of the United Stales, when Jechonias
1. ... . . . .
Piffott. Esq. was called to the Chair and Belcher
Fuller, E.q. was appointed Secretary.
On motion of James W. Hunt, the Chairman
appointed Dr. James VV. Hunt, Samuel Leffers,
E-q. and Levi Oglesby, Esq. a committee lo draft
resolutions expressive of ihe views of the mee(
ing, who reported the following which were unani
mously adopted.
Resolved, That we heartily concur in the pro
position which bis been made to hold a Conven
tion in (he town of Washing! on on (he 12th of
April nex(, for the purpose of nominating suita
ble person (o represent the 8th Congressional Dis
trict of this Slate in the next Congress of the U.
Resolved, That the following persons be ap
pointed delegates lo represent their respective dis
tricts in said Convention:
Portsmouth Capt. Benjamin Styron and Capt.
Wallace Sty ron ; Cedar Uland Richard S(yron
and Christopher Lupton, Esqu'rs; Hunting Quar
ters Harmon Rose and Wallace Salter, Esq'rs j
Straits Cot. Thos. Fulford and Ephraim Willis,
Esq.; Beaufort Belcher Fuller, M. B. Roberson,
Josiah F. Bell, W. J. Potter and Jas. Rumley,
Esqu'rs; Bogut Souod Levi Oglesby, Jr., Rich
ard Canady and Kilby ToUon, Esq'rs; White
Oak Barckley D. Borden and Wm. Bell, 3rd,
Resolved, Thai a copy of ihte proceedings be
signed by (he Chairman and Secretary and trans
mitted to the Tarboro Press for publication.
Beaufort. March 8th. 1845.
Belcher Fuller, Sec'y.
For the North Carolina Standard.
Democratic Meeting in Edgecomb.
At a large meeting of the Democrats of Edge
comb, held at the Conrt House in Tarboro', on
Tuesday the ll(h day of March, (being Court
week') to take into consideration the pronrieiy of
sending delegates to the proposed Convention at
Washington on the 12th of April next, to npmin-
ate a candidate to represent this district in the next
i Congress, the following proceedings took place:
j On motion of John Noifleel, Jos. J. Pippen, Esq.
j was called to the Chair, and upon motion of Dr.
P. Sugg, John Norneet was requested to act as
j Upon tiie request of the Chirman, Wra. Nor fleet,
' Ea. explained the obiect of (he meeting. Where
upon be moved that a Committee of five be ap
pointed by the Chairman to draft resolutions for
the consideration of the meeting; which motion
being adopted the Chairman appointed ihe follow
ing persons, to wit: Messrs. VV illiam Norfieet, Jas.
8. Battle, Jesse O. Knight, Robert D. Hart and
Louis C. Pender.
The committee retired for a short time and re
ported through their chairman, William Norfieet,
esa.. the folio wine: preamble and resolutions i
Whereas, it is necessary, in order to secure thei
ascendency ol the .Democratic party in tais con
gressional district, that there should be no diviaion
in its ranks; and whereas the most effectual meth
od of preserving unanimity, is the selection of a
candidate by a Convention composed of delegates'
representing he people of each county :
Therefore, be it Resolved, That we approve of
the resolution adopted by the Democrats of Beau
fort, proposing a Con veniion lo be held in the town
of Washington on Saturday ihe 12th of April next.
2nd. Resolved, That the Chairmao appoint
' " persons from each Captain's district in the
county of Edgecomb, as delegates to repiesent the
Democratic party insaid Convention.
On motion of "il. R. Bridgers, eq., the last resb
lution was amended so as to read as follows:
2nd. Resolved, That the Chairman and the
Committee that was appointed to draft resolutions,
together with five other persons, to be appointed
ivouiuiivua. i
by the Chairman, be empowered
d by this meeting
to select two persons trom each Captam's district
in the county ot" Edgecomb, as delegates to rep
resent the Democratic party in said Convention.
.The resolutions as amended were then read and
unanimously adopted. :
On motion ef Dr. P. f3uggx the following resolu
tion was added :
Resoloed, That the delegates from this county
be instructed to support nO person ior the nominee
of said Convention, who will not unequivocally a
bide the decision of the Convention.
. 1 I . kj I " m-W I -. . I m. rm m ft'l o 1
Under the provisions of the second resolution,
the Chairman appointed the following persons to
assist in the selection of delegates, to Wit: Robert
R. Bridgers, Win. Thigpen, Joshua Barnes, Wm.
F. Dancy, and Chailes Harrison, Esqurs.
The committee repotted that the following per
sons bad been selected as delegates to the Conven
tion, to wit: William Norfieet, Henry T.Clark,
William S. Battle, Reding S. Petway, William D.
Petway, Wm. J. Armstrong, Gen. Joshua Barnes,
Larry D. Farmer, Col. Robert Bynum, John G.
Williams, GenJVyatt Moye, Lemuel Deberry.
Williams Hines, Wm. K. Dopree, John A. Vines
- . ft mem J9 i - T"ft
Robert Belcher, Maj. Louis C. Pender. Richard
Harrison, Col. William H. Hines, Jesse C. Knight,
Joseph J. Pippen, William Thigpen, Col. Harman
Ward, William R. Cherry, Simmons B. Staton,
Col. Charles Mabry, Robert D. Hart, James Sav
age, Maj. Luasford R. Cherry, Rev. J. F. Speight,
Jas. S. Battle, David Barlowljobn P. Sharpe, and
Turner Bynum.
On motion of Dr. P. Sugg, ordered that the pro
ceedings of this meeting be published in the Tar
boro' Press and Raleigh Standard.
On motion, the meeting then adjourned.
Jno. NoftFLEET, Sec'y. 4
J For the North Carolina Standard.
Democratic meeting in Beaufort.
At a meeting of the Democracy of Beaufort
county, held at the Democratic Association Room,
in the town of Washington, on the dih day of
March tS45, (being Wednesday of County Court,)
at which John W. Latham, Esq. acted as Chair
man, and William Clark, Esq. as Secretary, the
following proceedings were had:'
On motion of William Ellison, the Chairman
appointed a Committee of five to propose resolu
tions expressive, of the sense and object of the
meeting. The L hair appointed tne ioiiowing gen
j tlemen to compose the Committee : William Ell i
son, Benjamin Kunyon, oaieo B. nainey, men-
V T V SX ft I T 1 n W-ft I
arrl VI pntsa nnri JaniM K. Hnttnn. After retirinor
afew moments the Committee reported tq the meet-
ing the following Resolutions which were adopted,
Resolved. I hat we concur in the propriety ot i
folding a District Convention for the purpose of
nominating a candidate
Congressional District in
to represent the hjighih
the next Congress of the
United States.
Resolved, That said Convention be held in this
Town on Saturday the 12th day of April next, and
that Delegates be appointed by this meeting to
Represent the County of Beaufort.
Resolved, That we solicit the Democracy of the
other Counties of the district to send delegates to
represent them in said Convention.
Resolved, Thai, laying aside all personal pre
ferences, we will unite " heart and hand" in sup
port of the nominee of the Convention.
In compliance with (he 2nd resolution (he follow
ing gentleman were appointed :
Tranter's Creek District Deropsey H. Latham
and W m. A Lanier ; Upper Broad Creek John
Brown and Jacob Little ; Long Acre Arnet VV a
j ters and Hoyl N. Waters; Bth Charles Bonner
and W. B. Wmdley ; Lower Broad Creek Rich
ard Respess and T. J. Latham ; Leechville Jno.
A. Satterthwaite and Samuel Clark; Head of Pun
go Wm. Allen and I. E. Alien: North Creek
Oden Bailey and Tiluinn Dowty; Chocawinity
Robert Hill and Henry Harding; Blount's Creek
; Col. John W.Williams and Baker Evelt; Dur
' ham's Creek Augustus Latham and Chas. Craw
ford; South Creek Owen O'Neil and Joseph B.
Simpson ; Goose Greek Noah Gaskill and James
I Potter; Washington Benjamin Runyon, William
; Ellison, John W. Latham and Caleb E. Rainey.
On motion il was further,
Resolced, That the proceedings of this meet
ing be sent to the Raleigh Standard and Tarboro'
Press for publication.!
And, on motion, the meeting adjourned.
JOHN W. LATHAM, Chairman.
W illiam L lakk, Secre(atv.
For the North Carolina Standard.
Democratic Meeting in Ifasn.
At a very large meeting ofthe Democrats of
Nash county, held on Tuesday during Court week,
Thomas W. Wright, Esq. was called o the Chair
and B. D. Mann appointed Secretary.
Upon a call from the Chair, James W. Lancas
ter, esq. explained the object of ihe Meeting, and
recommended the appointment of. a Committee to
' draft and report resolutions suitable to the occasion;
whereupon the following gentleman were appoint
ed, to wit: Dr. Jno. H. Drake, Wm. D. Harrison,
Wm. T. Dortch, and James W. Lancaster, who
after retiring a few minutes returned and reported
(be following resolutions which were unanimously
Resolved, That this meeting highly approve of
a Convention to be held in Washington on the 12th
of April next for the purpose of nominating a can
didate for Congress in the 8th congressional district.
Resolved, That we highly approve of the course
of the Hon. A. H. Arrington our late representa
tive, and (hat we cordially recommend him to (he
Convention, bel'eviog as we do that he can com
mand ihe entire Democratic strength of the district.
Resolved, That notwithstanding our preference
for the Hon. A. H. Arrington, who i our first choice,
we will cheerfully co-operate with our Democratic
brethren of the District, and. heartily support the
nominee ef the Convention; whoever be may be.
Resoived, That the Chairman appoint two dele
gates from each Captain's district to represent the
county in said Convention.
Resolved. That these proceedings be signed by
the Chairman and Secretary and forwarded to the
Tarboro' Pi ess and Raleigh Standard for publica
tion. The Chairman thee proceeded .to appoint the
following Delegate. under the fourth resolution :
Fjrom Arlington's District Josiah Taylor and
Thos. VV. Avent; Collins' -John Mitchell and W.
D. Harrison ; Ricks' Wm. T. Dortch and J. W.
Lancasier; Dortches J. E Lindsey and Red
moud Bonn ; Cooper; Thomas J. A. Cooper aud
David M. Deans; Winnings John Bryaut and
Blake Willtford ; Josiah Vicks' Dr. R. Short and
Ford Taylor; FerrelPs J. M. Taylor and E. H.
Morgan ; Old Field's Hardy W. Boy kin and Levi
Baily Nashville J. H. Drake, Jr. and T. H.Scott.
On motion of J. W. Lancaster, the name ofthe
chairman was added. v
On motion of Dr. Arrington, the thanks of the
meeting were tendered lo the Chairman and Sec
retary for the satisfactory manner in which they
had severally discharged their duties.
There being no further business before the meet
ing, on motion it adjourned.
T. W. WRIGHT, Ch'n.
Benj. D. Mann, Sec'y.
For the North Carolina Standard.
Meeting in Lincoln. .
Agreeable to previous notice, a meeting of the
citizens of Lincoln county was held at Costner's
Election Ground, on the 22d of February, 1845.
On mut ion nf H A T.nrani 17.cn' r- f T
Hunter was called to the Chair, aud James Fergu-j
sop appointed secretary, rtie orvject ot the meet
ing having been explained by the Chair, the fol
lowing persons were appointed a Committee to
draft appropriate resolutions, viz : Col. S. N. Stowe,
H. A. Lo wrance, A. B.Cox, John Webster, Jacob
flunk, James A&, H anna, and J. JV. Friday. The
Comittee, after retiring for a short length of time,
j m . .
rewrwo tBe ""ng resolutions:
li esoivea, i ami as freemen, n
vine under a
republican form of government, we acknowledge
the justice of (he principle, and are willing to sub
mit to the will of a majority, in all eases consistent
with the Constitution of the 'States ; Ubt wnen its
principles are evaded and its privileges denied to
iuiiiji.o ait v i aucu auu lis urucgca uwutu ui
!. 1.e feel bound to contend ior ourignis, and
ill sever agree to surender them.
2. Resolved, That the coursef the majority in
tne mouse ol usymons, ot tne last legislature,
with regard to the removal of the seat of Justice to
the centra'bf t&e County, is contrary to the letter
and spirit of the Constitution, and a denial f,k
fundamental principles of our governmen'
a. neeutvet, i nat we havp rA
cuuipiain oi ine partial legislation in the H
Commons, by Meeting the bill nmnndn .Use of
i -- r .i -" I. . ,
. - . r B.wuw
the location of the Court House in , his Jountv!!8!
passing h similar uui ior tne county
Of WaVn"
pruviucu m majority oi tne people
sanctioa the
4. Resolved, That it is our duty to continue to
ask for a redress of our grievances. anH . " 10
claims for the remnval nfih n...... u.. ae Ur
i cenlre of the couny
- - wi v VUUI L 1 1 K
lo the
5. Resolved, That it is the opinion ofthis mfPt
S that the Justices of the rnnniv ikm.u l e'
tained in refusing to build a new Court House .f "'i
the local question is finally adjusted. ' 111
On motion of Col. Stowe, the foregoin T,.n
lions were requested to be signed by the Chai
and Secretary, and published in the Lincoln C
rier, Mecklenburg Jeffersonian. and !nk
SitanAarA T ' " WrOll
James Ferguson, Sec'y.
Wednesday, March 26, 184
Democratic Meeting.
A meeting of the Democratic Party of the coun
ty of Wtike and city of Raleigh will "take place at
the Court House, at two o'clock, on Monday the
31st instant, for the purpose of appointing dele
gates to a Convention to be held on the 3d Fri-
Anv in Anril nt Mro R i ! -, - i
: li -j-ito in nnrmmant it,:- r- . . .
i ble cand,date t0 represent this District in the next
Congress of the United States.
Subscribing in Clubs. We have received late
ly a considerable nun ber of subscribers in clubs.
The names nnd the cash from Bath, in Beaufort
county, were received (ten for $20) and the pa
pers have been forwarded. We hope others will
"go and do likewise,"
The following is the vote for Wardens ofthe
Poor at the election held in this Cily for this
county, on Monday last: Allen Adams 338
William R.
Stith 185;
2oole, 339 ; Isaac Hudson 334; A. B.
Daniel Scarborough 184; Robert
183; William F. Smith 173; Calvin
Rogers 155; Joshua Rogers 152; John Fil ming
153; Yancy Bailey 153; C. W. D. Hutching
11; G. W. Haywood 11 ; T. H. Snow 11; W.
R. Gales 11 ; H. W. Miller 1; Dr. Montague 1;
John Hays 1 ; A. G. Drake 1 ; F. B. H aywood
1 : Thomas
I. The
seven gentlemen
first named elected. Three years is the term of
services Would it not be well for the next Ler
islature to pass a law giving (o the people the
privilege of voting attheir precincts in the respec
tive counties for these Officers ?
Fire f About eleven o'clock on Saturday
night last our citizens, were aroused by the ap
palling cry of fire ! Il occurred at the residenco
of Mr. John A. Wicker. His house, a hand
some two-story building, was entntly consumri),
together with a portion of ihe furniture. The
Kitchen, or rather the frame of it was saved, fof
the weather-boarding was knocked off, and a con
sideral quantity of bacon was also preserved.
The fire, it is believed, originated from a candle,
which had been left in one of the Upper rooms,
and when discovered had made such progress as
to render ineffectual all attempts to extinguish it.
While upon this subject we would venture to
suggest to the City authorities the importance of
having more Pumps, and more energy and quick
ness in the Fire Department. The Fire Com
pany will no doubt do its duty, whenever an em
ergency arises; but the importance of having
supplies of water at hand, and of having but one
will, and that the will of the Ca'ptain of the Com
pany, must be apparent to all. When nvn go to
war they. fight, as their leader tells them, without
asking questions ; and so it ought to ic when they
fiVht fire.
A friend has called our altmtion to an extraor
dinary cure of stuttering, or Hammering perform-
ed recently in this city by Mr. Daniel Murray.
The person cured is Mr. John Scarborough, ot
this county; and we learn, on good authority, tlinf
hisasc was considered as desperate and confirm
ed ns any ever known. Previously to his receiv
ing instvuctioTns from Mr. Murray, he talked with
the greatest difficulty, or rather attempted to tall',
for at times it took him several minutes to say
even one word ; but now, wc understand, he con
verses without any apparent difficulty. T his is
remarkable, especially when we consider that he
received but one lesson. Mr. Murray, we leam;
will practice in the Eastern part ofthe State, rmr
ing received'the right to do so from Dr. Mays, of
Gen. Saunders. The Richmond Compiler
says, sotnewhat ill.jialuredly, that Gen. Saunders
1 has got enough of Washington, doubtless, for
the present" That paper is mistaken. Geo.
Saunders has no heart-hurnings about what has
transpired at Washington ; neither does he be
long to that school pj politicians who believe that
the okces oft government were created for their
particular benefit He is too good
r - -w- .. . . -
a democn",
and too far removed from the corrupting influences
of Whiggery, for that. We guess, whatever the
Compiler may think, that thn Whigs " got
enough'1 of Gen: Saunders during the lute cam
paign. SCT Thi. Senate of the Hiked States adjourned
on Thursday last An effort was made io carry
the House bill on the Oregon. question, but it was
defeated by the votes of Messrs. McDuffie and
Huge ; An atempt tosconfine the President to the
treaty-making power Ta annexing Texas was a
defeated by'ras f 23 to 90. Gerr. Saiio"
has arrrved,;atitr- Senator Huywobd is expec
homo in a few -da vs.
If W
- - - . w ,

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