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rrr.irf.rnrr.rnt rrivinrr n nn-fprrnr-P fft thft DronettVl of one citizen oveauoiher is unwise, unjust, id j anti-republican. K W T'f "WW ' irwwwenetf nBor,BBB Thi nnnpvafitwi of Texas a Question which Pm war she might have been a dangerdus nerfiy. ted nublic sentiment- has at length been accomoiislfra. so far as the fiction of Con O if . gress was concecneti. Tns believed by those rcrsant with public opinion in Texas that the conversant with n frm nmnoarfl wiii be acceded-to. wd the union so an.xiously desired finally consummated 'fhjs measure received my vote and cordial approba tion. Had Texas been separated fAlm ne by some great natQpal boundary, and occupied differ ent relations towards tWs overament. the ques tion ofannexation might have been a very different one. But a mihwity-of political institutions con trol M by tae same race, of people, a proximity of territory, and an identity of interest, based opon mutual hopes and mutual fears, a H conspired to make the measure desirabb 'to both countries. And whim Texas, with a patriotic magnanimity, proffered the union, every consideration of public policy demanded our acceptance, and we haveac eordingly opened oif arms to' "receive her ; and she comes into the Union, not as a colony or de pendant, but as a sister and an oqoal. To accom. plislMhis great object, no sword has been unsheath ed -no coercion threatened. But, confiding in the juswee and good faith of our government, she will intertwine her fate with ours, and the act will afford the most beautiful commentary on the value of republican institutions that fhe world evee be held. ; - - The following are the joint resolutions passed on the subject : JOINT RESOLUTION FOR ANNEXING TEXAS TO THE U.STATES. Resulted by the Senate and Hoiise of Repre sentatives of the United Slates of America in Congress assembled, That Congress doth eooserit that the territory properly included wiihin, and rightfully belonging to. the republic of Texas, may he erected into a new State, to be called the State of Texas, with a republican form of government, lo be adopied by the people of said republic, by deputies in convention assembled, with the con seat of the existing government, in order that ihe same may be admitted as one of the States of this Union. Sec 8. And be it further enacted, That the foregoing consent of Congress is given upon the following conditions, and with the following guar anties, to wii : First. Said State to be formed, subject to the adjustment by this government of all questions of boundary that may arise with other governments ; and the constitution thereof, with the proper evi dence of its adoption by the people of said repub lic of Texa?, shall be transmitted to the President of the United States, to be laid before Congress for its final action, on or before the first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and forty-six.' Second. Said State, when admitted into the Union, after ceding to the United States all public edifices, fortifications, barracks, ports and harbors navy and navy yards, docks, magazines, arms, armaments, and all other properly and means per taining to the public defence, belonging to said republic of Texas, shall retain all the public funds, debts-, taxes, and dues ot every Kind, which may belong to or be due or owing said owing said republic: and man aiso retain an me vacant ana unappropriated j lauds lying wiihin its limits, to be applied to the j il 'i . 1 1 - a I 1)"'"' vi i3l ul,a.mu. 1U 1C(,uu.ic tne acqtnsuion ot Texas will cause other nations of Texas ; and the residue of said land, after dis- to res ect our hts and to cultivate our friend cbargmg said debts and liabilities to be disposed rT :n a- . -u . .u u i r of as said State may direct; but in no event arelsh,P- II dlStr,bu'e balance of power said debts and liabilities to become a charge upon ; or.e L"7 among the different sections of the the government of the United States. I Union, and more effectually secure the domestic Third. New States, of convenient size, not I i institutions of the South against that policy which exceeding four in number, in addition to said State j was disclosed by the British Minister of Foreign of Texas, and having sufficient population, may ' Affairs when he avowed that it was the object of hreafter, by the consent of said State, be found ' that government to use her influence to abolish out of the termory thereof, which shall be entitled i sJavery throughout the xvorld. to admission under the provisions of the federal t fc--. j tu -J? enstitation. And such States as may be formed I It,S en contended by some thaUnnexation out of that portion of said territory lyin south of woa.,d, JeoPard the Union of the, States, As es-thirty-six degrees thirty minutes north latitude, senl,al as I regarded this measure to be, had I be commonly known as the Missouri compromise line, i 'Ievpd that it would endanger the existence of the ahall be admitted into the Union, with or without Union, it could not have received ray tote; for, if slavery, as the people of each State asking admts- there is anv one political consideration dearer to sion may desire. And in such State or States as me than affothers. except liberty itself, it is the shall be formed out of said territory north of said preservation of this Union. That beautiful Ameri Missouri compromise line, slavery or involuntary nr. er,t;i - tu tt . l j servitude (except for crimes) shall be prohibi.ed 7 ! Z ' LT r F5 ke P" And be it further resolved, That if the P?Mb' we can forcibly if we must," ought dent of the United States shall, in his judgment J? be tauShl to evcry chM as soon as il learns to and discretion, deem it most advisable, instead of: '1SP' l.nat 1 may never be forgotten. But the an proeeedrog to su bm it the foregoing resolution to .' nexa'tion of Texas, instead of endangering the the republic of Texas, as an overture on the nart Union, will, in mv oninion. nromote its hnrmnnv ot the United States for admission, to negotiate ' with that republic, then, Be it resolved, That a State, to be formed out v niw itT9u& icpuuwc ui l exits, wun suiiaDie ex-; tent and boundaries, and with t r.n? in Conares until the next apportionment of repre- sentation, shall be admitted into the Union by vir-'the toe of this act, on an equal footing with the exist- iog States, as soon as tbe terms and conditions of such admission, and the cession of the remaining ' ,hC UnUed SlratS shal1 be a- United States g0VerQmeflts Texas and the Sac. 2. And be further enacted, That the sura of one hundred thousand dollars be,and the same is hereby, appropriated to defray the expenses of mis - sionn and negotiations, to agree upon ihe terms of said admission and cession, either by treaty to be mi ie oennie, or oy articles to be sub- milled to the two Houses of Congress, as the Presi- ucut may uireci. That ihb government has the constitutional power to acquire foreign territory by treaty is generally conceded. Such has heen th n,-T; and construction of this government for upwards of forty years Whether Congress can accquire such terntory by act of legislation, is not material to the present purpose. Thnt Congress has the express power to admit new States into the Union will be readily seen by referring to the following clause of the constitution: .v"7tC SU6S may be admitted by Congress into ais Tjnion ; but no new State shall be formed or erected wrtbin the jurisdiction of any other State or any State be formeU by the junction of two or S-kJ S2S r PartVf.Stales without the consent r ,latues of tbe States concerned, as well aa of the Congress." Art. 4, sec. 3. J'llJ,ower there B c,ear,y expressed, that H New State may be admitted by the Congress mtothis Union," and there is no limitation or re striction on the power, except that "No new States hall be formed or erected with- L;.k . i Z9 ib Jnc,,on of woor more States, ZK2! COnse"1 rf )Tlilture of the States' """"'""i wen as ol the Congress." And he ""Mission of Texa. as a Slate into the Union does not conflict wiib either of these The proceedings of ibe convention which formed the constitution, ,how that this clause, as originally adopied, restricted the power te the erection of new Sink- wiihin the territory then belonging to the United States, but that it was finally changed o as to cave out this restriction. The constku uon wplaia; bm if any doubt existed as to the found in the act admiuiog into the Union the State vi njiniuui wmcii wn not a party to lhe enm- pact, and lo all intents and pendent and foreign slate mtemsand purpose, was an inde- Texas i, of vast importance tothc United State m a military point of view, and ( resnrded an nexjjn as the overthrow of ft dange?ou. course' of pehsy wbie Groat Britain had conceived n c cunst lo is cou n I r v. Jriaa L l'xhs maintained SCDaCute CXienCC 3SO Datlpn, bcidonng- UpOtl U3, a she does for so great a distance, in time of peace i The similarity of her productions and the genius of her people would at least have made her our commercial rival. She would no doubt have mo nopolized the larger part of the cotton trade which rwe now possess, amounting to more than half of all.lhe exports of. the. Untied btates. Cultivating the friendship and commerce, of those nations which afforded-. 6r.f a .jha I'tfoi ifdr Ber cotton and other productions, she would have purchased hot supplies of tbeffi, and not of us, . JJut when she becomes a. part of the Union, notwithstanding she will supplant some of the States iri the culture of cottrtrl, whirh would occur any h"ow4 yet ljer trade will then be- governed by our laws, and she cap not enter into any treaties ordinances to prejudge idle interests of the United States'. -She will then afford a market 'to many' of the States for their surplus of agricultural rind manufactured articles; and thus the products of her fertile so.il will not only enure to Texas, but wiTl contribute to the wealth of all the Slate?. Thort the slightest in sult offered from abroad to . h'pr most distant sister State would be considered as offered to 'herself; and when entr internal commotion arises, she will unfurl the "stars and stripes," and plant herse'If on the constitution; tp preserve our laws, and main Lain this glorious Union. It has been alleged thai Texas belongs to Mexi co, and that by annexation we should be robbing the latter of her territory. I have never viewed it in this light Texas never did'.belong to Mexi co: she acquired her freedom from Spain by re volution, as Mexico herself did ; and when she entered the Mexiean .confederation, it was as an equal, retaining her sovereignty as a. State. When she rebelled against Santa Anna's despotism, a sanguinary revolution ensued, by which she com pletely defeated the Mexican forcis, and fully es tablished and declared her independence. This was followed by an acknowledgment of her inde.- nendence by the Unucd States and the other prin- cipal nation? of the world ; and that independence she has maintained for about nine years. So we find that Texas established her freedom by the great and inalienable right of revolution, "inesti mable to freemen, and formidable to tyrants onlyj" and, having thus established and maintained her liberty, she is free to do any act which pertains to the sovereignty of a nation. Instead of carry ing out his boasted threats against Texas, Santa Anna has been driven from his own capital. Policy points out the line of our duty ; and to be deterred from it by the threats of Mexico or Great Britain, would evince such, a disregard of our interests and of our national honor as has never characterized the conduct of our people. With this question Great Britain has no right tp interfere in any way whatever. Wi;h Mexico the boundary of Texas will be a legitimate ques tion of negotiation, and in its adjustment I have every reason to belieye that this government will do her-ample justice. The annexation of Texas, instead of involving us in war with either Mexi co or Great Britain, will, in my opinion, do much - i t i . t " w"k to Ultimately secure our peace with coin. ov ding to, our wealth and increasing our stun ad- ;tb, and perpetuate its existence. Experience has shown that th TTmnn Ja . w ;.k tmMt civ 9toi it i ,i : i .l . -T. - r i . i t 13 a fact worthy of. observation, that most of the w uw uilUl VIJL Ul lLUUJ Lllllll U. XL luc?tlons which have threatened a dissolution of Union arose in some of the old States, and ! thal tue admission of every nety State has had a j tendency to allay discord and to harmonize the ' government Texas was once ours, but not lost iby ay M of her own. We therefore receive her, not as a prodigal who had wandered off, but OTie discarded and invite her to take a C amon? tae great family of States, with the j "e at.' tnus re-united, the ties pf friendship a of union will remain forever, passed the House to organize a tcrrito- rial government in Oregon, and directing the Pi dent of the United States to notify Great Bri resi- tain Ol tne intention of tnaa mvprnmiml ,m iho nf i.i - . . . . . one year, to abrogate t.he treaty of 1827, which provides for the joint occupancy of said territo ry. For this bill I voted, but it was lost in the O 7 - I Senate. France and Spain claimed Oregon by ' disco verv nnrl I ho TTrnlorl C 1 foe f lo i rr a I K vsmi vk . TT ,"jr. . .iw them, as well as by her own discoveries, made by i is taken away from the officers of government, Captain Gray and others. As early as 1683. Ul and the postage charged on the-correspondence Sail", a Frenchman, navigated the Mississippi 0f their offices is to be paid by the government fVom Canada to its mouth,oy which France claim- Incases where the commissions of a postmaster ed the sovereignty of all that country watered by do not exceed twenty-five dollars per annum, the that river and its tributaries west of said, river; j Postmaster General way increase ike commis and, upon the principle of continuity and conti- j sions, provided thev do -not exceed '50 percent, guity, all the country not pre-occupied westward 0n letter postage." Newspapers may be sent to the Pacific Ocean. The claim to lhe coum through the mnil to nnv nnknt wiiK;,fh;rtr ,n, J) -w wtxib-u kjiun.o viuiiug wiuiuwu . f' -t mm' r 1 .j ui .c wjisaiaaippi eitqiiueu irmn ..ns mouth to at least the 40th decree of norih lati tude, and this claim was recognized by Great Britain in the treaty of Utrecht 1713, and of Versailles in 1763. In 1803 this claim was trans ferred to the United States by France, in the pur chase of Louisiana. In IS 19, in the treaty by which we acquired Florida from Spain, the 42d degree of north latitude, from the source of the Arkansas river to the South Sea, is made the boun dary between the United States and Mexico, which then belonged to Spain. In that treaty the king but the reduction made by this act is too great, of Spam ceded to the United States "ali his rights, and will have the effect of throwing the Post Of cfaims, and pretensions, to any territory porth of j fic.e Department as a heavy.charge on the general the said line. Oregon Jies north of this. line, treasury, which has not been 'the case heretofore. The discoveries of this country by Spain, com- The post office tax was the only one in which the mencing as far back as 1543. and continuing up North and the East bore their sharequallv with to 1775, ore supposed by many to extend as ir , the South and the West. We would all "like to . u.. us uie oim or ootn aegree ot latitude j and iiicob mstuvenes m priority or time, ana in every other respect, are, in my opinion, superior to those upon Which the claim of Great Britain is fminrl ed. Nothing certain appears to have been known ot Columbia rtver till Gray, . cftizen.pf the United States, who p.WrWeS S3 renue wh ch voyage to the northwest coast, under the direcu'on 1 must supply this deficiency, by a duty lev Calfn Knyf t -fUr LAPri1' tTO.W5j imports; so. the ' tax taken Wotllmail Sl?" y A PWtoW have 'to. be collected on sal tnSed MmTi fd hJPm Vancouver, and sugar? i-on, blankets, and other arti k whicbve informed him that he had. discovered the mouth of , buyTrom stores. The manufacLuring States pro - a-rrttr in lafi g-nve the riv 55rwhich nj (era-Oregon ;ives the natioa discovering a river t country watered pytnc pnn cinal sticam and its tributaries: The first actual pxploation pf, the. cpunijcx -ij SUpposeu lo nave utrcu iiitii muur. uy jicvio Clark in 1804.. As early as )gS-the iE'Wi Fur comparry'estrfblisHrd tmdirrg posts em Lewre river; in 1810. the Pacific formed under the nusnicrs of J 1 Netfr'Vb'iic, a ho 8 1 f, AstoTi nenr thelnAiilhioi" Columbia' last war. this nost. beinir. unable , to defend itstf. was captured by the Biitish-jn, (8 13. h.sjtfn td in possession of them till 1818, when it was restored to the Unired' States in confofmky'wfth e prt&9tbn;itJi& Meaty ilf OlNim,-itpiilMHiKfHbt "ull territory- phttfts, ndpoariMr whatever, taken by -riiher-paVty from the other . dtnuftff-'chi Var,V (with certain exceptions,)' ''Should be re stored without delay." By the third article oftTie convention between the United: States and Great Britain, signed October 20, 1818 "It B agreed that any country that may oe claimed, by eithtr party on the northwest const of Americavvestward of the Stony mountains," (now. caled Rocky mountains,) " shall, together with its harbors, bays, and creeks, and the navigation of all rivers, wjthin the same, be free arid open for rhe terni'of fen years from the date of the signature of the present convention lo tlje. vess.elsv citizens, .aod subjects of tpe two powers; it being weTTundestcsod thjt lids agreement -is not to be construed to Hie prejudice of atiy claim which either of, the .two high contracting parties may have to any part of said country, nor shall it he taken K affect the claims of any other power or State to any part of said country;; Jhe, only ohject of fhe higrfjt:ontract ing parlies in that respect being to prevent disputes and differences amongst themselves." Sibsequently, in 1819, as before stated, the United States purchased the title of Spain to this territory, by which her title, if before doubtful, be came full and complete. The joint occupancy under the convention of 1818 remained m jurce till h was renewed by the treaty of August 6, 1 827, by which the convention of 1818 was contin ued withdul'any limit as to time, but with the agreement that either party should hawe power at' any time to abrogate tbe treaty upon giving the other one year's notice of their intention. This treaty is now in force, and thus the matter stands at the present-time. The question has long been a subject of negotiation between the two countries, and it is perhaps to be regretted that it has not j since been adjusted. Oregon is bounded on the west by the Pacific ocean, and on the cast by the Rocky mountains. Its length-i estimated at from 800 to 1,000 miles, and its average .width at from' 50ft. to COO miles. It is at this time difficult to ascertain the value of this territory. That portion of it which borders on the mountains is high and cord, and is no doubt of little value, except its water-power, its pastur age, and perhaps for its minerals. In the middle part the climate is delightful, nod it is said to con tain large bodies of valuable land. As yon leave the Columbia river the country breaks into beauti ful prairies, covered with a luxuriant and nutri tious grass, which lasts all. the year. The Wal latnette valley is represented to be about 150 miles wide, and is remarkably healthy. A writer who visited that country says: " For producing hides, tallow and beef, it is su perior lo any pail of North America." That ptrt of the country which borders on the ocean is said to produce wheat, rye, cotton, tobac co, and potatoes; and also ornngeg, lemons, figs, and other fruits. The climate is very mild. Speaking of this country, a writer says; "In beauty of scenery, fertility of soil, and other natural advantages, no portion of country surpass es thai which is found on ihe Wallamelte. The valleys of the Columbia and it. tributaries are es timated to contain 330.000 square miles." The British government has a number of posts in Oregon. It is represented that she is coloniz ing her subjects there, j.nd extending her laws and jurisdiction over the territory, and making military preparations to maintain its possession. Believing that Oregon belongs to the United States, andknowing that my constituents were not willing to see their territory surrendered lo gratify the British nmbi'ion, I voted for the bill to extend the territorial jurisdiction of the United States over Oregon, and lo conclude its joint oc cupancy after giving the Botice required by the existing treaty. An act was passed to reduce the rates of nost- aire, ana to clianore tne nost othco Jaws in othnr anu to chanjre the. nost office -1c i ..in i .... . ... m i o ill il.' iiiiriuinHi nil lllr , ill r' .: . . l , r i I I o ..... - - ui) , next. The lates of postage are reduced to 5 crnts, ) r.. . i r i i f . iui irvriy iciiur uui fAtteuing an an ounce in r .1- . ! r -i and to 10 cents for all distances over 300 miles J W . " '.Hi ill. l. I Ul L 1111" 111 III M f'V s 7. J .. .. " It restricts the franking privilege of postmasters. I Thev are nermitted to charge the rl nnrlinrnl in . .-.r.u:- a .' 7c I I K ST . rne postage of such letters as they recede on the hustness of their office, upon a vei l Dcaoon on oath of their nc-1 count for the same, and the '.transmission of the letters charged as - vouchers." Postmasters may r i. i . i -r.TV- . , , rs ina l ilium 1 1 itL i j acti, vi.ukiiiki m which rciui'. X. j,;J.,u.i,i,,;.r.(,(it, t j . i .- i . i ' ' nnrl the nns mns pr is rpnuirerl to ininrco enh tiuci vui y lutlic UUOIIiro Ul I IHT I J I "qUI"(JII V" OilJCi o. letter, over his signature, the words, "Post of- " - " ' .v V. ijiy J Ol.- 11 J CU1.II fice business." tor every such rndnrspmenti falselv mnde the rmrtmnster nUM h fcrfc.;.. 17 , ----- ! I I 1 J If rfli t nrpp n innrPfl nn m 'R I nP irnnL-mrr nann nrrn O J i m 1 1 iiiiim j v w ot tne place where published. free ot postage. There is a provision in the act to prevent private expresses; but, in my opinion, it will .prove inad equate to the object. There is also a clause mak ing an appropriation but of the treasury to supply the deficit in the post office revenue which will be caused by the ieduction cf postage. These are some of lhe details of tfip act, I voted against this act. It is probabfe that a reduction might haye been made in the rates of postage which nrnn have cheap postage : and. if that were the onlv consideration in yp I ved, I would have voted for the act; but there were others which influenced me to oppose it. The reduction: of postage will cause a uiminuuon in tne nost office revenue. mdd&Aear ok a rut 1 0 er'Mferwme of ha fhip The tow of nations-1 he -w vi-.v4- l v vjuulii ill w i en in is h s nn p nu inn i . . i prea act e elec of electors e i-'resident and Vice Presid l to be held on tbe e same day in all tbe States. This net received mu. vniP At iho vuicu ogM a uiu somewnai similar in ns nro- yisigps,,upcm wpat J CPJidered;, good and suffi- cfent vreasons.- n ambrt ti ime till which, for war.PofnrWe, coufd not be conveniently done before tht election. I did nqt .wish either to put the States io tnis5 infct)nveBerfc4, 6f io run the risk of fcrVuigS electiiilibTiPseeident con tested on occoo nt of informarlityp b :ThStaft jp Jia:yp four years to confrtrm t hei Haws and const! tutions m tne actor Uongress;and the re;ispns4ipon which my opposition to the bilt was then, basedrbe; ing removed, nt the last session I v-otrd for tb law. session i vuiru-roi: iwia.v; o admit Florida arid Iowa jfl. w jfh Texo?. we shall . ind IrOZZZ rPhe V was passecr to aqmu .j.forirja-arra iwra; &?ZJr, 2fiS.IJil Ar.-r..,-; mu. tide of emigration? -has. III.. IHIHI'IUUC IJlUllO An act was flasaed whirh mr i hp pl,. Wmy mm " tLs lTm nmxwtni, eht . i For -eontfttny was-the preeidmiiaf election: and to eWa measore'-is a tone-of confidence aboitoe -Jjoco Foee- press-; ow toe sales ol ten hogsheads of Tnhn nhn Trwnll A StniV OF P fff 1 f f" f (- f( V P thnt PlPrf inn Trrti 1 rl Ko a rnnnlrr-! v t r- . - ill C! U rrrr WavaUmien T I U J l . v-..., rfv-v t - v, - - ' vi -liuju w u i u iuitl m uii trta t a . &g rt hie .Motn j .-mi tjlch lunn in hn trx aoin a o m s- . fcJ u va-w ww aiciiuuoc. XLiLiiii nnn rw in vvnstnblrshed trn Sessir.ns.nf ihp. l5s-fhfP Jn mn 1" "f T57f "5 TZT It. ... . "J mr- Vivrn rhirfnsr the in some nfhpfs n nmpnrtrhpnt tUAnsti.n.in. Mu,u lv.YV. au5u '.WW&.Ty?.fT 7 ZZT. ' on 31 .. w- i7'rT:,v' m r witrr-o, un, - , A.... i u IjVitii. di iirsnvi p pnnnnr inn t kbeen oonstf ntly westward, ( you forgeken tRa bribefe of the Bank the coef e than double fcg original cive measured resortcq to by the lords of the .-! i I I i tirii not;o r ciaS lorif i a .. - 1 . i i t and we have now;more number of States, and still terrUQpy lo make a great many provement of the country ha ThehVerhri?e 6f our citizens surd aithouffb'ambuibusto attaiadistinctions'aod ac quire wealth, yet-they are ardently attached to their V . , feu, u . . t wriich tested- their patriotism. Providence has smiled oo qur country, and we lopkorward to the day whej it will still be more prosperous -and happy. - - the estimated expenditures for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1845, nicfudrng : payruenti Lrtnt'df the nubhc debt- were S35.019.431. country as mev nave snown ona Prea occasions The estimated receipts, means, and expenditures r . ' ; r ?: for the fiscal year commencing 1st July, 1845 are as follows, vjz : Receipts.. From the enstoms for the 4 quarters $3r,030 302 do From ihe sales of ihe porblic lands 216,000 00 From the miscellaneous and contin gent source - - 120,000 00 -. . , V Total of revenue ' -Add an estimated balance to be in the treasury on the 1st July, 1845, 32,160,302 00! i including the unexpended sum as - before stated - - 8.504.929 43 Total of means for the service of the- fiscal year ending 30ih June, 184b" 40,665,231 43 Expenditures. Expenditures during the vear end ing 30ih June, 1S46, as estimated at the several Departments of State, Treasury, Navy, and War. viz : The balances of former appropriations which will be required lo be expended in this year $1,462, 105 92 Permanent and indi fi nite appropriations 2,083.794 72 - Specific appropriations asked for this year 24,647,884 18 Total of estimated expenditures That sum is composed of the follow 28,193,784 82 1 iog particulars : For civil list, foreign, intercourse, and mis cellaneous $4,944,083 93 For array proper, &c 3,648,308 43 For fortifications ord nance, arming militia &e. 4.845,736 75 For pensions ,397,000 00 For Indian department 2,086,154 65 For naval establishment 9,41 1,656 9i For interest on public debt 860,344 72 All $28,193,784 82 Which sum of expenditure, deducted from fhe total of means before stat ed, gives ao estimated balance of "twelve million four hundred and seventy-one thousand four hun dred and forty-six dollars and six- . ty-one cents to be in the treasury -on lhe 1st day of July, 1846 812,471,446 61 I regret to sec such a tendency to extravagance in the expenditures of our government as some limes takes place. I have voted against ali ap- nrnnr'utlinriS winch T rnneulnrorl rf iKte ikraolaii . . . . v. mwm ..ui mvtmm . .. - . would like to allude, but must avail some other opportunity of doing- so. myself of 1 lie UlUIIIUIiaiH V1UUICMWOII Ul Ul'IIIUL lilllC ri." tl ..: i . .. : J : : r ,1 . II " " 1 .1 nnh Mean nrincinlrs. in the rs, in tne election 01 James jv. Polk tn th presidency, nflRirds another evidence t a. 0ptn he capacity of the people for self-government ope and believe that his talents and firmness I "ope bp found rqmd to lhe hj h statiorj t0 whlch hflS b(Pn ra,d. - i - , rt , AM W Wwd me to remark, (hat the tJSZ presentalive, I have endeatTed to conform my conduct to those principles upon which I was elected; but, warm us my auacu . . w . , . I t ents are to the democratic party, I trust thnt I have suffered no partisan feeling to nnllOQ M n M 1 tin ni n Ul r L. . T 1 . - ttu.-i k . .. 7 T?nrrr TV.n"? ,""-noi one ot those who "pre fer to count the dark snots in the sun to reioicino- n iSXinua in its gionous brightness, yot my snort experui ' i i r i ence has convinced me that there are many abuses nur government mat ought to Oecorrcctea, ana to this end my course has been directed Please accept my warmest congratulations and best wishes, individually and collectively, for. tyour political and domestic welfare; and for the- eonhdence you so kindly reposed m me, permit me to tender you the homage of a grateful heart. I am. very respectfully. Your obedient servant, DAVID S. RE ID. Washington. March 7, 1845. '. . Washington Letter- Writers. We do not mean to complain of the Washington Correspondents; but they cannot escape errors. "Ralph." in the N. Y. Eve. Post-is mistaken about the age of the contemplated Editor, and also about Mr. Blair's design tp become "a sleeping partizan.,r (His con duct has been distinguished throughout the whole transaction by a manly and magnanimous bear ing, above all praise.) The two letters of "Gam ma" in the New York Herald are also marked by some amusing errors. He makes some good hits but at different times hits very wide of the mark. : Yet we have no time for specifications. Indeed, iris not prelum opera (not worth the while.) , Richmond Enquirer. Hon. David S. Reid. This ' gentleman will no doubt be nominated for re-election in the 3d Congressional District of this State. Mr. Reid is well spoken of by all who know him. In a recent conversation with one of the delegation from this State, he spoke in the highest terms of Mr. R., said he-wished there were more Repre sentatives to Congress like David S. Reid. Norlh Wednesday, April 16, 1845. - f . . , - - -"LOOK OUT" DEMOCRATS ! . ti tj . I).. . htl: i tc l. 1 lie xvtri iclci iraus uuun uic ft ij i"3 10 iouit' out," and savs, " from some cause of other, thereby8 feh4 VeU do not? half IfkftV. Why &o& ? icjury. in Jjye na.- tion is ourss-whj' seek to embarrass he adminis tration V Wliy should 'the'Whigs labor to keep Norl!h Carolina in a false position? What are - 1 - J f; rj , , , T , . ! "J1- y "3 -T in,W " This is thek6ld-ong;.nad we should nave heard it, just as we do now, brikUMr. Clavbeen beaten five ; jUSt as we ao now, naovir. oiay oeen oeai hundret3'triousand popojar votes. No, Mr, ! Tr , r , ,. .j If there fraud, rt,wps all on your side huridreWthousand ppptijar votes, . Jo; Mr, Gales, If there was fraud, it gms all on your side Have - above such as that, and their-trausc is too ffood j require it c j. tvt....l u .-tl irauus in ionn varoima, nor win mere De. - i . . ...... ... The Register says, by way of inspiriting his , followers, that the Whigs " have been cheated lout of the Presidency; and they will be re- Uenged for it. Principle, patriotism, regara ; f ; : r.e . . , i for lhe ,nlerest of the people are la be forgotten ' . r tt . - r , " a aesperaie struggle ior icvenge ior ajan- cied cheat! . Is it indeed so? ATe these your sentiments, Whigs of North Carolina ? We ap peal to those of -vou who are indenendfent : who ' mere, . The'im-i f : - . J lUhes the extracis from Judire Jav's ,unrl J'Fr' oom ana the -.smnnins-iennv ana tne snm-ionas . j ne rnitaue nnia unupd sji.io, n seen astonishing: - - r-, rr letter, ihreutening disunion in ca 'of it Za ng ' knows no 'uhds; another? Frauds indeed ! The democrats are .ation of Texasand condemns ihm L ,u. Aoucx- strike off alTparty trammels when the country is ana cerroptea by the late United Slates Bank to be sustained and vindicated ; who-are disposed ihls PaPer comes forward to rebuke, ns it does to give the Administration a fair trial, and who ! manfu!,-v ar,(I nb'y; ihe name of the "Whin will not oppose it or any Administration under the promptings of factious feelings are you ready to J r 1 li n tc , raroraeM,9 lun-u.i-e oi your leuum organ i so, stand forth, and let us see who you are. I V not, be men and patriots, as you ou?ht to be, and take ground against soch a course. Well may the Register " look out," and feel alarmd. The day for the triumphs of the pen- me un,on ral,ier tlan see 1 exa8 Where pie has come. North Carolina will be aroused, V the Independent ? Oh ! shades of Q-mtiltbum and, in our opinion, redeemed. She will go back and of a11 the "chival7 f" What says the Fay to her place, and stand where Jackson stood with j elteville Observer? Why, he says, in substance, her when Clay went down before him, as the j that in annexwS Texas we rob a foreign govcra same Clay did before Polk at the late marshnll- j mcnt of i,s Territory commit a high and flag, ing of the mighty forces. The leaders of the ' rant misdemeanor before Cod and in the presence Whiggeryare doomed. Will the Whig people j of lne nations; and very coolly advises Mexico consent to ding te these men, and partake theto make vvar uPon us ! Wbi,e at this P0 w disgrace and humiliation of their fall ? We trust , are reminded of the strictures of a Columbus not. Farmer," upon the course of Mr. Bale; and To the democrats we say, look out." As' we cannot c,ose this artic,e be"er that b SivinS we told you last week the Coon is stunned not them : .-,.. . ,e.. j rrti -lit j ... nhtie Marsh, 26ti March, lS4a. killed. I liere will be a desperate struggle this j Ma. Hoiden ; I see in the last Fayeiieville Ob summer. Let us bring out our strongest men ; server that some enemy of lii coutury hn set his let us organize from head to heel ; let the Whij 8hou'd". to ,he wheel of dueord, is encouraging . , ' ihe people to rise in rebtllion against the hie net people be talked and reasoned with; and let us j of Congress, and advise boih Mexico and Eng- do battle with the Whig leaders as if under the ' ,and to un,te to destro our happy Republic. I r . . nr -. supno-e the writer of lhe article to be i&dwardJ. u. v.ciuty. v e aumn max . we are ronndent. j ne siffns are cheering the obiects to be attained are durable and glorious. Shall We falter? Shall North Carolina, after having voted against her own son, still persist in making war upon his Administration upon an administration W mf which promises even in its first steps so much of substantial good to the country ? Tbe answer is with her people, not with the Whig leaders. GLORIOUS DEMOCRATIC VICTORY 1 The democrats of New York City have a- chieved a signal and glorious victory.. They have elected their Mayor, and have in the Com mon Onnnejl ihirfv nemnernl In innr Whirre The New York News says: "The Democracy swept ihe city yesterday, wirh irresislible forcev So complete a victory has nev- er before been won by any party at any period of our political contests. The triumph of the Natives last Spring, was but a cypher compared with this - brilliant achievement. 1 .1 IITI 1 ft Then the Iativists left to the Whigs only an Assessor in the Second Ward, :10 sooth'' 'he hhlerness of defeat. We have now ard, allo'vved them, the natives, but a claim to a consta ble in the same Ward, nominated and-elected by the joint action of the Whigs and Natives. This may be considered equal to about one half a trophy. Then lhe Nativists had to yield to us five and a hall wards; now, we allow to them not one, and to the Whigs only two wards. Then Harper's j to break up the Union. IT South Carolina hap majority was near 4000, now Havemeyer's ap-1 pens to complain frankly and boldlv of the ads el' proaches to 7000, showing a gain on the popular: .1 i i j vote of over 10.000. Havemeyer's majority over I Selden is about 16,000. Indeed, Havemeyer '.acr,css man lwo nunareu votes oi-naving a ma - Harper comtined. 6 . ik. .t. u.rt .kmk u j:j ! "nu." its aic ucch uriniiim bv our extraordinary efforts to oroeure fll return in season For this morning's paper, forbids anv comment to-day on this splendid plendid triumph. Tbe following are the returns of the result, procured for us exclusively; the greatest confidence may be placed in their correctness. " Mr; Havemeyer has made a splendid run, and more than realized the most sanguine expectations of his friends. - , " We have fifteen Democrats to two. Whigs in each branch of the Common Council ! COMMON COUNCIL. Wards. ALDERMEN. ASSISTANTS. John S. Gilbert. ' Joseph C. Abertson. Gouvm'r JVt Ogden George H. Purser. I. Oliver Charlick, II. James C. Stoneatl, III. Egbert Reason, IV. Joseph A. Diwer, V. Emanuel B. Hart. Lyman Candee. VI. Thomas S. Henry. John Foote. VII. Thomas Conner, Nathaniel Pearce. VIII. Rich'd T. Compton. Arch'd Macklay, Jr. IX. Theod'u? Van Tine, Wra. luackiobush. X. Bernard J. Meserole, Neil Gray. XI. Charles J. Dodge, Jacob Miller. XII. David S. Jackson, Tomas Spofford. XIII. David D. Briggs, Nathan Roberts. XIV. ThomaaB. Tappen, Edwin Niphols. X V. WmSV: Brady, James D. Oliver. XVI. Wra. C. Seamen, J. J. V. WearerveU. XVII. CrandaU Rieh, Wto.H. Cornell. Whigs in italic. l Mission to England. A correspondent of the Richmond Enquirer writing from Washington oh the 1 1th says :" " yesterday, Elmore of South Carolina, was offered the mission to England. If he accepts, all's well. IS not, a Southern man will ccfctaihly have it." ACCO-COOD rrenton Reporter states Manufaclurers. nt Petersnnr .. ra2b, i" "wuijiu tnrep K tweof-Tc made by Mr. EdM' iren Walking, iofWte-; for which thev H&, tUm5,0ir WJiecanbesMf'l OiranviJUe can. W ceo at Elkanni, "horizp. Riaoe on A icrnn. cri;c spn.; nqre is tne account of $nles 1 1305 at if tc H (( (( It 2 1285 1255 1325 1125 1185 jl5 1055 1235 1205 " 3 I 4 u 5 wr.6 7 " 8 . " 9 10 j : "TEXAS to ! eal terms, li declares ihai "th - J wmiv mi in inniv.,.1 i . ii vuiiuii ui any that includes, as a means or emf, the d y proposition the onion of these Siai issol'jiiun n( t,s" We hail ,hj With pleasure, and refer to s snint due ihe Phils.fMni.rn tt;..i cs.:: u' Jus"ee It 1 n ti n n t .. r : -w.vvi oiau's Uazeup , Richmond Enquirer: Most gladly would we hail the same spirit if we could, in tbe Whig press of North Caro' orn to" i no nr ,.'... J pi mien jn die hol-bed TT I 1 r. T-v Of reuerairsm, oisunionism, and Abolitionism a place which, more than all others, wn, j 1 UHJ m,aaie ana 'ncrn states," the threats of I trea5on and disunion in Judge Jay's Letter. But what Savs the Reirislpr f Whir is ;i. l ur ' . j wnen If, treason rears its horrid crest m the high places 1 . f k -r i . . 0i ine onn. ana mreatens to resist the establish- ed laws of the land ? Does he hate Texas so j heartily as to. love the traitors who would sever ; Hae (as ne gles nQ aolbor) who has marked as an enemy of the South and a friend of the North. He tells us that his feelincrs sre toth sad and gloomy, and judging from his ton-, I should say they were. He is, 1 undfrsrand. a member of the visible Church ; but instead of sup plicating for blessings on our country, he invoke corses. He also predicis that war, desolation and ruin are coming on the land, and pray9 lhat he may not live to see it. If these things should come though I confess! am far from being alarmed the fault will be with those hypocritical "Whig writers who take sides against the country and encourage foreign nations to deelare war against us. I bv they are hypocrites, for they preach what they ht Iieve nor. Before Mr. Clay's Lelter against an nexing Texas appeared, to my certain knowledge every Whig in these parts who expressed himself at all, was strongly in favor of annexation, but af- i ei?re until was seen, all ot them opposed tne after the election : and now, since l the act of Conffress has passed to restore the lontf star, arff mv Whiff acauaintances appea to be well pleased! Both the Editors of the Observer and Wilmin?- Ion Chronicle speak of rhe sad darkness of Iht Sixth Congressional District ; bui dark as our siiua- ! tion is, we have light enough to see lhe questionn- ble spots in the hearts of these gentry j and though ihey tell u? we are fools, we nevertheless thant God that we have sense enough to sterr clear of their pernicious doctrines, and lo see that they and their party are doing- all they can in disguise to in duce Mexico and -England to deelare war ngainsi us. and to urfre Massachusetts and lhe abolitionist? . i - I -. "A . . n.. Il.fi Conarress, thee Editors forthwith cry out Nu ; cation, and denounce treason, &c ; but when the North comes out in plain language and tells tli ; South lhat they will dissolve the Union, m ' ! right, and no rebuke is uttered ! Another wor.. ?. r?J:. a..-. L i i r r,f tvir. cjiiuur. i nope wp snail near nu i"' . nnrmiir Whi.v f.,r tK OKcP.r nlainly Mr. Ediior. I iiope we Democratic Whisgeiv ; for lhe tells his readers that Drniocracies ar always ag gressive, and that lhe promptings of rhe masses are always for war as good as to say that all Re publican governments are curses anrf scourges ol the earth, and therefore should no longer hara a place among the governments of the world. A COLUMBUS FARMER.' Hardy Carroll. We learn that at the lats Term of FranWin Superior Court for Franklin, Hardy CarroH was sentenced to execution, under the' decision of the Supreme Court; and that he will pay the forfeit for his crimes on the second day of next month. His appearance, when brought into the Court-house to receive his sen tence, is said to have been pitiable in the extreme Having escaped from Louisburg Jail twice, it was found indispensable to chain him down to the floor by the legs and arms, and in consequence His hair and beard had grown to an enormous length, and he had wasted away almost to a skel eton. Hardy is a free man of color, and his life and death wiM be a warning to many of his class. For years he had committed crimes, and laugbe at the law, for neither walls nor bolts could with- stand him. But his career fs doubt less now Chained down as he now is, there is no chance for his escape. whilst chained jrx utic tunc iu uuuiouuijj -y by the foot, he contrived to get hold of a piece o plate, and with this he severed his manacles, by a slow and tedious process of filing. He lhcn '00 oft all his clothes, and with some meat, wbicn us 10 say tnat tnis i oDocco in "k 01 5c i5 142 4- S 50 It !- 17 75 agg " n 4 fi 75 i77 7, J 2 ?14Q8 10 Aiun nrcarTivTi -t ... m i t i . .