PUBLISHED WEEKLY, BY
WILL I A ill W. HOLDER,
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
THE CONSTITUTION AND TUB UNION OK TH STATESTHEY "MUST BE PRESERVED.'
VOLUME XI. NUMBER 546.
TERHIM3 PEIt ANNUM,
RiLEIMH. IV. C. WtiDttSDtV, APRIL 2, 1 849.
PA YJ1BLE IN ADVANCE.
THE NORTH CAROLINA STANDARD
IS PfBLlSHED WEEKLY, AT. '
TITREE DOLLARS PER ANNUM, IN ADVANCE.
Those persons who remit by Mail (postage paid) Five
Dollars, will be entitled to a receipt for Six Dollars
or two years' subscription to the Standard one copy
two years, or two copies one year.
For-jr copie.. : : : s JO 00
twenty' . : : : : 35 00
The same rate for six months.
ny person procuringand forwardingfive sHbspribers
with the cash ($15), will be entitled to the Standard
one year free of charge.
fi overtisembvts, not exeeedinpiwj-feen lines, will
be inserted one lime for One Dollar, and twenty-five
cents for each subsequent insertion ; those of greater
lenzth, in proportion. Court Orders and Judicial Ad
vertisements will be charged twenty-five per cent
higher than the above rates. A deduction of 331-3
percent will be made to those who advertise by the
year. 33" If the number of insertions be not marked
on rhcm , they will be continued until ordered out.
Letters to the Editor most come free of postage, or they
mav not be attended to.
. LIST OF LETTERS
Remaining in the Post Office at the city of Raleigh,
for the quarter ending 31st March, 1S45.
New York City Advertisements.
188 PEARL STREET,
(Opposit cedar street) NEW YORK.
LE ATHER, Seal, Hide, and Canvas Packing Trunks,
Ladies' and Gentlemens' Hat Cases and Travelling
Bags, valises, Carpet Bags Hobby Horses, Velocipedes,
&c. Russia, Black, Green. Russet, and Sole Leather
Folio Trunks, suitable for the Army and navy, on the
most favorable terms. Sold Wholesale and Retail in
quantitos to suit Purchasers.
Q&- Citizens and Merchant J from the Country are in
vited to call as above before making their purchases.
April 9. 544-ly.
Lamps to Burn Camphene."
HORN'S PATENT SOLW BOTTOM GLASS
FOUNTAIN LAMPS for Campheneot Chem
ical Oil, have become universally celebrated and sought
after, as the most perfect "Lamps" ever invented. They
meet the approbation a.td praise of all who use them.
Try all others, but do not fail to try the best, the chea
pest, ami above all, the Lamps that will give the great
est light with the least expense. They are the most
simple and easy to manage and trim, cannot corode or
become heated while burning, easily cleaned inside and
out, and not afiected by a draft or current of air. Less
than half a cent per hour will give you a splendid light! ! !
"Try one" Manufactured wholesale and retail by J.
0. Fay, No. 136 Fulton street, (Sun Buildings,) New
York, viz. : Stand Lamps for Parlors with or without
Lustres ; Suspending Lamps for Stores, Hotels and
Churches; also Chandeliers, Side Branches, &c. &.C..
in any style desired, or made to order.
N. B. Ladies, it you wish to preserve your eyesight
to a good old age, or want a strong and beautiful light to
sew or read by, do not tail to procure one of these Lamps.
One in the centre ot a large parlor will enable you to
read the finest print in the most remote corner.
March 19, 541-l3t.
HALLOCK, MOUNT fc BILLINGS,
173 PEARL STREET, (One door above Pine Street,
ARE now receiving by late arrivals trom Europe, and
from Home Manufacturers, a large assortment of
FANCY and STAPLE DRY GOODS, adapted to the
Spring Trade, which they offer by the piece or package,
on :avorable terms.
Their stock consists in part of
Cloths, Cassimeres, Sattinets, Vestings,
American Prints of all styles,
Brown and Bleached Muslins, various styles and prices,
Irish Linens, Linen Lawns, Scotch Ginghams,
Printed M'islins and Lawns new styles,
Balzorines, Alpacas, Lustres,
Silk and Cotton Work,
Silk anci Cotton Velvets,
Fancy French and English Gambroons,
Spring Tweeds single and double width,
Check Gingham and Merino Cassimere,
Drab D'Etes for summer wear,
American Pantaloon stuffs,
Brown Hollands, Silesiasand Paper Cambrics,
Cotton Hosiery bleached and brown,
Fancy and silk handkerchiefs, Ribbons, sewing Silk and
Corded Skirts, Table Covers, Linen Thread,
Jaconets, Camorics, Gloves, &.c. &c.
QCJ- Merchants buying goods for Cash will find it to
their interest to buy of us.
March, 1845. 540-17t.
NEW SPACING CSUOD.
RICHARDS, BASSETT fc ABORN,
148 PEAK L ST. NEW YOlK,
Are receiving and ofler.for sale, at the lowest market
prices, a very large slo"k of
Cloths, Cassimeres, TVaistcoatings, and
FANCY DBT GOODS,
OF ENGLISH AND FRENCH MANUFACTURE,
Including giras and trimmings of eveiy description, for
Outfitters audi Merchant Tailors
All those who resort to our market for their supplies
will find it to their interest to visit our store and exam
ine our stock.
New York, Feb. 4, 1845. 537-8t.
FR IN GES, TR I'M M I N'GS, &c.
13. A. BOOTH,
100 WILLIAM STREET,. NEW YORK,
Importer and Manufacturer
OF FRINGES, for Dresses, Curtains, Carriages,
Rugs, &c. Gimps, Dress Cord and Tassels, Ze
phyr Worsted, Canvass, &c. Coat Cords, Cloak Tassels,
fee. All kinds of Bindings and Fancy Trimmings A
large assortment of Whi'.e Cotton Fringes, ice &c.
He invites attention to his assortment, which will be
kept full during the season, as he will be receiving the
newest and most fashionable styles.
Offered by the Package or otherwise.
Terms and prices shall be such as to give satisfaction.
fjCJ- All kinds of t.immings made to order.
January 29. 1845. 534-13t.
DIRECT FROM NEW YORK!
THE subscribers are opening a new and beautiful as
sortment o SPRING and SUMMER GOODS,
consisting in part of
Superfine Blue and Wool Black CLOTHS,
Blk French "
Browns, Olives and Green
of various shades and qualities,
Oxford and Cadet Mixed "
Plain and fig. blk French DRAP D'ETE,
. Ught "
Fancy CASSIMERE GAMRROON,
Plain blk and fancy stripe Silk-velvet Vestings,
. push m
" " and striped Silks and Satins,
Fancy CASHMERES and CHALLYS,
White and figured MARSEILLES;
Plain and bowed Bombazine and Satin STOCKS,
" blk and figured Satin SCARFS,
" " Cravats and Ties,
Pocket Handkerchiefs, Bosoms and Collars,
Blk and light Kid and Silk Gloves,
Silk and Merino Shirts and Drawers.
Believing that the nimble sixpence is better than the
slow shilling, the above goods will be sold very low for
cash, or on their usual short, credit to punctual cus
tomers. Call at their old stand on Fayettevi lie street,
three doors south of Williams, Haywood & Cora Drug
Store. SMITH k. BIGGS.
Raleigh, April 10th, 1845. 545-Ct
Avery, W A
Anders, Miss Martha
Alexandria,- Wni J
j Bonner, Mrs Eliza
, Blalock, William
I Bagolen, Nath.
i Benbury, Mrs Penelope
' Browning, Wm
Bonet, Miss Eliza
Baskerville, Miss Mar
garet Barbour, Sam) R
Barclay, Miss Leocadia
Bozman, Jos L
Blake, Mrs Mahalatt
Barham, Mrs Wm
Brooks. Nat G
' Beasly, Daniel
Blount, A .
Bledsoe, Stephen R
Bed en fie Id.
Botsford, S N
Burgwyn, H K
Barkly, William H
Bet ts, Jos
Beits, E G
Clark, Miss Lucy N
Copass, Ira G
Craving, Mrs Lucy
Culbreth. D 3
Clark, Mrs Aramanta
Cooper. John R
Carpenter, John W
Crawley, Jas M
Cope, Chas S
Cotten, Mrs Margaret
Caldwell, Jacob C
Doubt, Rev Peter 2
Doub, Wm C
Dickinson, P K
Du Pre, Jas
Dawson, H C 2
Dickinson, Jas S
Drake, A G
Ellington, John F
Earpe, Mis Elizabeth
Emerson, C N
Ei her i dee, Caleb
Fowier, W L 3
Guyther, David C 2
Gianbury, Maj J
George, W H
Hamiick, JY 2
Harris, H H
Havwood, Mrs. Nancy
Hamilton, Andrew J
Horah, Jas 3
Holland & Rowland
Hayes, Geo VV 2
Hintoo, Geo M
Hinton, Miss Anna
Ingle ton, Sapron
Johnson, Mrs Mary
Jones, Miss Sallie R
Jones, J R
James, Israel E 2
Jenkins, Henry W.
Jones, Benson F
Johnson, Mrs- Emily
Kinney, Cbas R
King, Mrs MaLendy
Knowlton, E A.
Lougee. Augustus S
Leak, Miss Mary C
Lewis, Wm 2
LasuT. Miss E valine
Laws & Co
Lee, Miss Ann
McMillon, A B
More, Augustus 2
Morse, Jackson -Myatt,
Moses, A F
Miles, Washington 2
Marby, Mrs Martha
Marriott, R M
McKinsee, E W
Myatt, Mrs Ann
Massey, D B
Moody, Y M
More, Jos W
McKeltern, Mrs Fran
McLin, Miss Julia
Meiish, Miss Anna G
Mens, Wm JQ
Nine, Mrs Sally .
Outlaw, Dr J B
Otey, J W
Pender, Josiah 2
Pool, Henry 2
Price, Jas A
Pool, Miss Aly
Port, Mrs 2
Richards, H S
Reeves, R R
Smith, Miss Milly
-Singletary, E B
Snead. D V
Smith, Henry 2
Smith, Richad S
Sfebeck, Ann E
Smith, Mrs Nancy
Skelton, Wm T
Seapak, A 2
Sutieff. L M
Sandfod, J W
Sims, Miss Mejva
S rrell, Denpey
Sluvart, Miss Susan
Turner, J W
Thomas, W H
Townseod, Miss Corne
lia Taylor, Miss Louisa N
Wheaton. Mrs Mary R
While, Wm W
Williams, W M
Wilson, W C
While, John ,
Woodall, David C
Important to Lumber in en.
rgHE subscriber, having witnessed the very soccess
I t fnl operation of HOTCHklSSS VERTICAL
rwATER WHEELS, af Archibald Graham's Mill in
Favetteville, in May and June 'ast, were induced to pur
chase the Right for the entire State of North Carolina,
and now offei individ a I Rights tor sale on very reasona
ble terms. They have now on hand Seventeen full sets
of Wheels, and have made arrangements o keep a con
stant supply. .
Besides being generally adopted in the Northern States,
there are already twelve saws in successful operation in
ttiia Rtnt and piirht nlliprs in nrnr.pas o! erection. The
astonishing power and speea of these Wheels have been
witnessed by hbndreds ot citizens of this State, with
j universal approbation. And we desire all who may feel
! an interest in the subject to examine the Mills of Arch d
i Graham, Col. Aiex'r Murchison, Christopher Munroe,
Alex'r Williams, Arch'd McLaurin, J. McDaniel, John
Cade, Mrs. Effy McFadyen, in this County; Lot Jotin
McLaurin, in Richmond County; T,hos. C. Smith in
Bladen County; and Hardy Royall in Sampson County;
to each of whom we refer for information as to the prac
tic 1 ope-alionof these Wheels.
Persons who apply soon for Rights can have them put
up by workmen who have been instructed by Mr. Hotch
The Proprietors of the right of this Wheel in the
State of North Carolina, have received the following
Fayetteville, Feb. 3, 1845.
We, the Subscribers, residing in the County of Cum
berland and State ot North Carolina, having been en
gaged in the manufacture of Lumber for many years, leel
fully wan anted instating, thai Hotchkiss's VERTICAL
WATER WHEELS, and their appendages, are worthy
of the patronage of all mill owners, and that we have
full confidence in their superiorly; that the valre of
Mills will be very much enhanced by their introduction.
They are more durable, and easier kept in order when
properly put together than the common Flutter Wheel
they will save at least one-third of the water, and run
well in back water when there is a head above. The
speed of the Saw is increased from one-half to double
the strokes per minute.
C P. MALLETT,
JOHN C. McLAURIN,
THOMAS C. SMI TH,
They have also received a certificate from Col. Alex.
MurChison, (which will be published hereafter among
others in handbill form,) in which he speaks of this as
" the greatest improvement made on Saw Mills in my
his time;" says that his Saw will cut 5000 feet in a
day; it actually cut on the day before he wrote, 4683 feet
of 1 1-4 inch Quarter Boards; makes 240 strokes ia a
minute; that one-half of the water is saved.; and con
cludes by recommending its adoption to Mill owners.
Other certificates, which have been promised will be
published hereaftei ,
ALFRED A. McKETHAN
Fayetteville, March 15, 1845. 545-4t.
The following article fiom the N. Y. Tribune of the
4th alt., will show in what estimation these Wheels are
held by the high authority of the American Institute
From the J. Y. Tribune.
HOTCHKISS'S WATER WHEEL.
This Wheel, after having been adopted by some hun
dreds of mill owners on the Delaware, Susquehannab,
and other lumbering regions, was presented lor compe
tition at the late fair of the American Institute, and there
was awarded two premiums by different Committees
first as the best Water Wheel for Saw Mills; secondly, as
being one of the five best inventions submitted at the
Fair. It has been extensively adopted in the great pine
districts ot the South ; and its rapid and smooth execution,
perfect immunity from ice or hack water, and Other econ
omies, are secuting it a very general preference. The
Inventor is now on his way south, and may he addressed
at Augusta, Ga., or at his residence, Windsor, Broome
county, N- Y. Its advantages are summed as follows :
1. The Vertical Wheel, when -used for Saw Mills, re
quires no gearing to produce from 175 to 300 strokes of
the saw per minute.
2. They are as cheaply constructed as the common
Flntter Wheel, and will do double the business with the
same advantage of the water.
3. Backwater is no impediment when there is a head
4. Ice cannot form on the wheels.
5. They occupy less space than a Flutter Wheel Mill.
6. The increased speed of the saw makes better lum
ber, cuts the same distance with less resistance and the
saw-dust is freely thrown off, which often returns with
the saw, causing it to bind and heat, with slow Mills.
7. They can he placed on the shaft, of a common Flut
ter Wheel Mill if in good order, and hung upon the same
bearings if sufficiently strong to sustain the power of the
8 The wheels being of cast iron, will last an age.
They also constitute the requisite Fly or Balance Wheel,
securing a uniform motion, in all parts of each revolu
tion. 9 The introduction of mills is reduced to a plain sys
tem, so that if the head ot water is knowiy, the result is
a mathematical certainty.
10 Any workman having the patterns, a model, and
table ot calculation, can adapt mills to any location with
.11, The improved mode of feeding is much approved
of by those who have adopted it.
SPEECH OFJUr, A JOHNSON,
- OF TENNESSEE.
In the House ef Representatives, Jan. 21, 1845
In Committee of the Whole House on the state
of the JJnion in reply to Mr. Clmgman, of N.
Carolina, and Mr. Brink erhoff, of Ohio, and in
which he gives some of the reasons why he is
in favor of admitting the republic of Texas into
our federal Union.
Mr. A. Johnson obtamedlhe floor. After some
preliminary rematks, in which he referred to the
wide range the debate had taken, and gave notice
that he should not feel obliged to confine himself
entirely to the direct question Lefbre the committee,
he proceeded to refer to .the remarks of the gen
tleman from Ohio, Mr. Giddings The man
ner of the gentleman was a very remarkable one.
He believed medica-1 writers contend, d that there
was such a disease, as monomania, under the influ
ence of which the mind that was laboring was
perfectly" sound on -all subjects save One. If a
striking instance of this complaint had ever been
exhibited to the House, or to the country, he
thought U waa in the gentleman who had just
taken his seat. He cared not what subject was
introduced into this House, if the gentleman from
Ohio got the floor, his cry was abolition ! aboli
The gentleman had made another remarkable
discovery, viz: that Texas, if she came into our
Union, laid down every attribute; and; from thai
fact, thai the general government became liable for
her debls. Was the general government, he would
ask, responsible for the debts of Ohio? Some of
the propositions before the committee were to ad
mit 1 exas as a Suite ; and would she not ihen re
tain her sovereignty, and owe and be resnonsible
still far her own debt? He thought it was. clear
that she would.
Another gentleman from Ohio Mr. Brinker
hofT had given them a very learned, unexpected.
and (lo some on this floor) interesting discourse.
He had apparently made a great discovery, and
found that the old hero of the Hermitage could be
made to speak so and so. The gentleman had
given them reasons why he was for, and reasons
why he was against, the annexation of Texas: but
the conclusion of the whole matter was, that while
his speech was against it, he was for it He had
announced to them that he was a great military
man: and he had said that if there was any such
an insect as a humbug, this argument that Gen
eral Jackson was made to make was a humbug.
General Cass, who occupied a prominent position
before the country, and who had distinguished
himself both as a soldier and a statesman, had said
that Texas was important to the country as a mili
tary position. Andrew Jackson, who had distin
guished himself in every position he had occupi
ed, both in the cabinet and in the field, took up
the subject and showed conclusively its impor
tance in a military Doint of view. Here were
iJpnori ! Tip lonn o nrl rinnnrol (.ifo ah t-i n nn
side, and the distinguished military gentleman from ! 'Zu xr u y 3ge a"G T? T-eare?
I kick him in the face. He was in hopes the gen
tleman would not consider this personal to him-
. reach of all sack assaults, coming fi om pretended
friends or open enemies; his history was his coun
try's legacy, and it was for the people to defend it
against all such attacks; and palsied would be the
Impious tongue that would dare calumniate his
great name; powerless and withered will be the
hand -that rudely attempts to plack one feather
from his cap, or sully one of the sparkling gems
which compose the brilliant chaplet that now en
circles his illustrious brow. But he would leave
the distinguished military gentleman from Ohio,
who bd scarcely ever smelhd burning powder,
on one side, and Gen. Jackson and Gen. Cass
on the other side.
Mr. J. alluded lo another portion Mr. Brink
erhoff's speech, that Mr Polk was not support
ed in his State in conseuence of the immediate an
nexation o Texas to the United States. Rather
in site of it, the candidate of that State for govern
or had advocated the project for annexation broUgln
forward by a gentleman in the other end of the
Capitol, (alluding to Mr. Benton.) He spoke
from his own knowledge of what had taken place
iu nis section oi me &iate. jmt. S. said Mtat ref
erence ta a few facts would set this matter all
right From the official returns, as published in
the newspapers of that State, in Richmond
county, (this he believed, was the county in
which the gentleman resided,) one of the three
counties composing his congressional district, he,
Mr. Brinkerpoff.) who was-in -favor of and
advocated the proposition of Mr.- B nton's bill,
submitted to the Senate of the United States last
summer for the annexation ofTexastothe United
States, received 5,004 votes, while 3ov. Polk, .in.
the same county, who was supported in spite of
immediate annexation, recrived 5.574 making
a difference in favor of Gov. Polk of570. In the
whole district composed of the counties of Rich
mond, Marion, and Delaware, it will be seen that
Mr. B. received 8,466 votes in the late congress
ional election; in the same counties, Gov. Polk
teceived 9,071 a difference in favor of Gov.
Polk of 605. This is what the gentleman calls,
with a sneer, supporting Gov. Polk "iw spite of
Hrtimediate annexation." This comparison mitrht
be pushed stiil further. Th President elect re
ceived 2,600 vptes more in the Slate of Ohio than
the candidate for governor, Mr. Tod--this, too, all
" in spite of immediate annexation" This com
parison shows thnt the democratic party of Ohio
were in favor of the immediate annexation of
Texas to this Union. It shows" still more, that
the people wpre ahead of the politicians of the
country. While those thai should have takeo
the lead were hesitating and faltering in their
course in relation to this great measure, the people
were in advance, and far ahead. Mr. J. said the
boldness of the gentleman's attack upon General
Jackson reminded him of the old fable of the
beasts in the forest. When the lion was in health
and strength, the surrounding beasts trembled at
his very roar ; but now, when he was lying pros
It was but the
other day hey had . a speech I
Kenner, Mrs I)
Young, Miss Nancy
Persons calling for any of the above mentioned
Letters, will please say they are advertised.
THQS. G. SCOTT, P. M.
April 5, 1845. 4o4-3t.
3 IIAE V. ftmiTA. ,
Importer of China and Earthen Ware,
SYCAMORE ST.t PET4SilSpJtiG yA.
HAS received direct frsm the Potteries, his
S PRING SUPPLY OF GOODS for tbe country
trade, which are offered as .low aa they can be had from
any Northern Importing House. Merchants and others
in want of any article of CHINA-, GLASS, EARTH
EN OR STONEWARE, will find U to thetr advan
tage to give him a call after looking through the market,
and examine for themselves, aa to quality, style and
price. FAUKlaN li wtll oe stnciiy aucnueu m u war-
rented equalRothat of anv other nouse in tne country.
On- Call at the SIGN OF THE PITCHER.
April . 544-3t
NOTICE TO CAPITALISTS.
IN the prrsent depressed state of the farming interests,
a favorable oppor unity is now offered for the profit
able investment of Capital. The subscribers havintbe
come sole proprietors of tbe Factory Ac iTIills,
At the big Falls off Tar River, Are desi
rous ol extending their business, and for this purpose
are willing to sell, on reasonable terms, a portion of their
interest ; or they will receive subscribers for forming a
company, (for which they have a favorable charter) if
so preferred by those who wish to invest their funds in
The fitness of the location for all kind-of Manufactur
es is so well known as to render a description unnecessary-
Those wishing for further information on the subject
are referred to"R. H. Battle, Esq. Rocky Mount, Edge
combe Co. VV. H. & B. D. BATTLE.
March 8. 1845. 545- 8t.
NEW BOOK STORE
STIL.1L. in SUCCESSFUL OPERATION!
Cheaper than ever!
THE Subscriber, having just returned from the North,
where he has been purchasing large additions to his
former stock , takes pleasure in returning his most sincere
thanks to the citizens of the State, and his friend" gen
erally, tor the continued liberal patronage which he has
thus Jar received, and most respectfully solicits a con
tinuance of the same, trusting that, with his present ex
tensive assortment, he will be able to give general: satis
, Constantly on hand, a general assortment of SCHOOL
BO OKS BLANK BOOKS, STATIONARY, MU
SIC, MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS tfc 4r. Orders
from the country earnestly solicited, and promptly at
tended to, at the old stand, 3 doors above R. Smith's
O. L. CLEAVELAN:
April 14. i 545 ly
Attention! Wake Cavalry!
PARADE at the Capitol Square, on Saturday,
April 2&th, at 1J o'clock.
By order of the Captain, .
C. W; D. HUTCHINGS, O. S.
Ohio on the other side. The country would
judge between them. General Jackson had been
made to say 1 It was a slander on his name, a
libel on his character, he cared not whence it
came. And when e democrat would travel so far
out of the line of debate as
son, who stood in an disinterested
iu,nnlr.. anA . ; :e a HUiecareiui how he spoke ot that ocnt
terest. and sav that General Jack.W nronment ; SPpr.cb: .who ha4 recently distinguished himseif
on this subject was a humbug, Mr. J. said it came j J T TT?" T?"
unkindlv from the democrat rnnU nd the orn-! he had no. disposition to debate questions of this
J . . . ' ' nnttl TP in himc, f that tvno rrf nf i r rr a HK.a
i wui.av.' IIIIHv' i y iijui TUO VVIIUUtLlllg U Ul Ul IKs
: under circumstances too warm for one possessing
; as cold a (emperament as himself. The very idea
j of beino thrown in contact with cold steel, or being
ai wouiu travel so mr ; r ., , - t . j- -
to attack Gen. Jack- 'TV-JT gl,eman wY rePJe8ents Huncowbe it- knowing n
ested position before j lf ftf C"A" L3 but ,he r;jkoned "?e mnst j ler the go
io it,nprm,nrnt in ' be a Uilc carebil how he Spoke of that gentleman's i best calcuh
tleman who couid take such a position he should
.judge must be in transitu between ihe democrats
land the whigs; and the attraction for him must
be much the stronger in the quarter whither he
He said that there was nothing that he could
say, the hut- blest of Tennesse's representatives,
that would add anything to the already large
space occupied in the public mind, and anections
of the people by General Cass; his nets, both
civil and military, had become a part of the his
tory of the country, and were familiar to all; his
moral and political reputation had become too
firmly established lo be now affected by inuendo
visited by one of those leaden messengers which
j ride upon the speed of fire,- was well calculated lo
j produce a strange disposition and convvlsive,
j contortion of the muscular and nervous system;
jand of course he would be very guarded in what
j be was going tp say in reply to the speech of the
! chivalrous gentleman from North Carolina. In
that singularly delivered speech (for it was singu
lar in its delivery, but the subjects discussed were
in the plural) the whole South was assailed in-the
srossest -manner. They were told that, if the
or open assaults at mis late aay irom pretended ! goulh reCeived offices and rewards enough To sat
democrats, or open enemies. The bold and dect- :sr hm thw wnnld rpudu m hmi . ,h
sive stand taken by him in the file presidential J presenl ta'rjff; fte wouu rcad" the gentleman's
.uii.aK, me spuu uuti rwcij'y wiui wuicu iic en-:
teffcd the contest, and the manner in which he con- j
April, 14, 1845.
tribtited his time and talents to promote the great
measure of the democratic party, and secure the
triumph and election of the man who had been
chos n the standard bearer of the democratic prin
ciples in that excited contest, bad given him 3 po
sition and standing in the confidence and esteem
of "the great republican party of this Union, that
was well c&lculatrd'to excite, envy, and even jeal
ousy, in the bosom of those who had been vacil
lating and counting the chances of Success or de
feat. And at that critical and momentous juncture
when it was important to give the nomination
made by the Baltimore convention the proper im
petus and most weighty and certain direction to
meet and receive the undivided approbation and
support of the great democratic family of this
Union, who had taken a less decided but more
passive stand in the contest, then just begun ? The
people were not like politicians in the main, un
grateful for past favors ; but would, in due season,
render unto him the things that were his, and that
would be a verdict in his behalf of " well done
thou good and faithful servant;" you have been
frtithful over " a few things, you shall, be made
master of many.
Mr. J. said it was .not necessary for !iim to
speak of Andrew Jackson ; a mere recital of his
acls stamped him as one of the greatest civilians
and military chieftains the World had ever pro
duced; eulogy detracted from, instead of adding
any thing to, his great name; he had performed
thcimnortant'task assigned him.by all-wise and in
scrutable Providence ! . The measure of his coun
try's glory was now full; he was deeply embalm
ed in the hearts of a grateful and prosperous peo
ole : he was now in retirement, in the bosom of
his adopted State, surrounded by Tennessee's na
tive forest, enjoying the domestic sweets of his
own Hermitage, there reflecting upon the varied
i and checkered scenes -of his eventful life, which
J has been devoted exclusively to the promotion, of
his conntry a. good. How consoling the medita
tion in this, bis very, eveningof life, while the
lamp is sending iorth its longest and brightest
blaze, which is soon to sink down to rise rib .morel
and, in the hour of death, bow strengthening to
the b.ope of being crowned with eternal happiness
beyond, the gravej Why this uncalled for and
unkind allusion has been made to this great and
good man, slas somewhat strange to him, coming
from the quarter it did. Mr. J. thanked his God
that his reputation stood above and beyond the
own words :
"Judging from-the action of the House on this
subject, what is to become of the repeal of the ta
riff! I can tell you, sir. IfJd
f ew individuals tnat I could name sucn ounces as
they desire, he will thereby effect such a modifica
tion of the tariff as to render it acceptable in the
main to the chivalric majority of the State of South
Did the gentleman mean to. insinuate that
South Carolina could be bought up, and induced
to support a certain measure upon the bare offer
ing and acceptance of a little office? He consid
ered this an unpardonable attack on the South,
derogatory to the southern character, and unbe
coming a southern representative to make. He
an error, tile estimate was too low. By a refer
ence to the Blue Book and Other mean of infor
mation, the statement would be sustained. He
thought the number might be put down at eight
hundred; divide this number by two hundred and
twenty-three, (the number of members in Con
gress,) and it would give nearly four of those of
fices to each congressional district in the twenty
six States. There is not a congressional district
in the Union but what can furnish its proportion
able number of. officers, as well qualified and
equally as pure and incorruptible as those hangers-on
about this city. The people hare them to
pay. and if the government have become a source
of profit and honor, he could not see why tbev
should not be distributed equally among them.
He was not in favor of proscription ; but when
' . , a . i
one. set ot individuals had had tne omces and the
emoluments of office lone enough, he could see
no good reason why they should not be turned
out and others permitted to enjoy similar benefits
a corresponding length of time. Some of the
States had treble their proportion of these officers,
while others comparatively had nono. As an in
stance of what he was saying, Ohio, with twenty
one members upon this floor, had only eight of
these officers, while Maryland .with only six mrm
bers. had one hundred and thirty-three, and Vir
ginia had orte hundred and fourteen. He gave
this case merely to illustrate. He thought none
of these States could reasonably complain whose
citizens had enjoyed thet benefits every way result
ing from those offices so long, nt now being re
duced to their fair proportions, and thereby permit
the olher States to furnish their quotas, and be
come equal participants in the patronage of the
He found, he was digressing, and would pursue
this idea no longer. What he had said upon this
point was merely thrown out as a suggestion, and
might be considered as a parenthesis.
But some gentlemen talked about James K.
Polk as if he was a mere cipher. He would tell
those speculating gentleman that they had mistak.
en the maii; and that James K. Polk, when he
came into power, vould beihe master spirit of his
administration in defiance of machinations of in
triguing politicians, and jn defiance of the United
opposition of the whole whig parly.
He thought the late nomination of the Balti
more convention of James K. Polk, nnd the man
ner in which thnt nomination was sustainrd by
the people, had taught a"" few old party hacks, or
hunkers," as they are called by some, a lesson to
be long remembered by them. Governor Polk
did not owe his nomination tp the intrigue and
management of a few wire-working politicians, dr
to being in what is called the line of safe prece
dents ; but to the fixed and settled determination
.of the people to lay aside and dispose of some of
those incubuses that had fastened themselves upon
the body politic. The people, through the Bal
timore convenuon, had bounded clear over party
management and intriguing politicians, and went
out among themselves for their candidate for the
presidency, and they have succeeded in electing
him; Consequently he is under no obligation to
this or the other faction. He is the people's Presi
dent, and will come into power unincumbered,
o faction, but determined to adminis-
government upon those great principles
best calculated to do the greatest good. He said
Gov. Polk, was the plebeian President, and he
hoped and trusted the country would have a ple
beian administration for once.
A little fuilher on iri the gentleman's speech,
Mr Clinomax's, which was, he presumed, iu
tended for ihe elections fIoith Carolana next sum
mer, he found another singular position assumed.
The gentleman, in reference to the Pennsylvania
elections, used ihe following language:
A singular state of things was exhibited in
Pennsylvania and I heard democratic member
of this House speak laughingly, of seeing in that
State, numberless banners with the inscription
borne on them of " Folk, Dallas and the Dem
ocratic Tariff ofl 842.' Yes, sir, and when the
j whigs altempted to set this matter right, they were
told by the honest but ignorant yeomanry oj tntil
State, that they could not believe that Mr. Polk
was opposed to the inriff, because they had been
assured by their leaders, ihe men in whom thty
had been accustomed to confide, that he waa much
more favorable to a protective tariff than was Mr.
presumed that the gentleman .who made these
charges was inclined to measure the corn of
others by his own half bushel. But the gentle
man further said :
"Should these persons, however, fail to get such
portion of the spoils as they consider their due,
viz. the lion's share,' then the tariff will be found so
intolerably oppressive that human nature cannot
bear it, and must be nullified. Be not deceived, sir,
by all the declamation which we hear from time to
time ; for all this is merely tbown out to frighten
Mr. Polk and his northern friends into a good com
promise with respect to the distribution of the offi
To frighten Mr. Polk and his northern friends
into a proper distribution of the offices of the gov
ernment! Was South Carolina threatening about
office? Was Alabama? or Tennessee? He
tbonght not ; and ft Was a slander on the southern
reputation to say that she can be bought by any
office in the gift of the executive. It was siil) a
greater slander to say that JnmesJK. Polk, recent
ly elected President of the United States, was ca
pable of using such unworthy means to obtain
support-for his administration. Mr. J. here spoke
on tbe subject of the offices and dfBce-hofders in
this District, and suggested the manner in which
be would havethem filled, viz in equal proportions
for all trie congressional districts in the Union.
He said he had seen a table pub I ished in some
of the newspapers showing the number of officers
employed in the different departments at Wash
ington City, arid those acting in diplomatic and
consular stations abroad, who received compensa
tion by salary and, for the year 1844 they were
between seven and eight bundled. He had no
doubt of the correctness of the table. If there was
It ia understood that tho duel of Mr. Clingirian hsd a
peculiar effect open his system, Jtc.
44 'the honest hvl ignorant yeomanry of Per.n-
l svlvaniaf A few words on this subject. But
K.Polk will give toa , he would first observe that, in another portion of
this conundrum, which was before him, the gen
tleman saiq that his party had got all the intelli
gent portion of the community ranged under their
standards. He would examine the facts bearing
on this position, and see how far the gentleman
was correct in his assumption. Now the States
that voted for James K. Polk gave 170 electoral
votes, and those that voled for Mr. Clay gave 105.
Of the States that voted for Mr. Polk, there were
323,3C6 who could not read and write; and of the
States that voted for Mr. Clay, there were 224,444
that could not read and write. Take the aggre
gatey and it would be found that there was a
greater proportion of the population which enn
read and write in the States that voted for Mr.
Polk than in the States that voted for Mr. Clay.
He said, by dividing the whole number of persons
in the States, who cannot read and write, whe
cast their eltctoral votes for Governor Polk by
the 170 electoral votes which he received, and it
would make an avragc of 1,896 for each elector
who cannot read and write. Divide the whole
number of persons In the States which cast their
electoral votes for Mr. Clay, and it makes an av
erage of 2,448 to each elector who cannot read
and write. By deducting the 1,896 from 2.448,
it shows 552 more persons who cannot read and
write for every Clay elector. Then multiply
552 by 105, the whole number of electors voting
for Mr. Clay, and it makes 57,9b0 more, in pro
portion, voting for Mr. Clay, than vdled for Gov.
Polk; and, unfortunately for tbe grntleman, th
State which he represents in part, (North Caroli
na J has a greater proportion of persons who can
not read and write than any other State in the
Union- whig or democrat. Yet the gentleman
said that his party had withUiern all the intelli
gent portion of the community. Mr. J. then made
a comparison between Pennsylvania and North
Carolina, showing in the former, which voted for
Mr. Polk, there was a greater proportion ol tha
people who can read and write, than in the latter
which voted for Mr. Clay. Pennsylvania had
only one in 22 persons who could riot read and
write, while North Carolina bad one to every four.
So much for intelligence,, and so much for igno
rance. He would be the last man to say any
thing derogatory to North Carolina, which had a
strong hold on his own heart, becariae fr waa the
Umi af hit birth ; Hut the !rotlt aatr?t be il a-
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