Newspaper Page Text
. '- ' - - . . . - - . i, "a - , ''' ' : '
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that the doctrine began to he hroaehed' that ibe laws
f Mexico abolishing slavery :would continue in force,
oiiles they were repealed, if not prevented by some
.ritual guard. No additional remarks can make his
disobedience more clear, and he now stands condemn
for disobeying the instructions of his legislature,
vhich he himself praises, and which he doe not
even pretend.tq charge with disunion, ;. , , . ' ,
I notice in the progress of this communication, that
Col. Benton evinced unusual solicitude to confound
the Missouri compromise arM all other compromises
of the kind, with the Wilmot Proviso. 1 attribute u
in part, to a desire to screen himself from thedium
of having voted for the Wilmot Proviso, by confound
inff it with other measures that were far less offensive ;
but I said that there was another more powerful reas
on which would be explained in the sequel; That
reason was to shelter himself, if possible, against the
charge of violating instructions, which he acknowl
edged to be above exception. - If he could possibly
establish that the Missouri compromise and the Wil
mot Proviso were indentical, as he would- have his
constituents believe, to obey the one would be to obey
the other. But I have shown that was impossible,
and thus he is left, without, the possibility of escap
ing the charge of disobeying them i.: ; V
With a few additional remarks, . I shall .close this
Col. Benton assigns devotion to the Union as his
motive for taking the course he has ; and by implication
charges your'sas being the side of disunion, and his
and the abolitionists that of union- In this, he but fol
lows the exampleof all who have betrayed you, or. in
tend to betray you. It is so common, that it has become
notorious, mat a strong. profession ot attachment to
the Union and condemnation of what is called the
tiolence and ultraism of the South, accompanied by
a volley of abuse of me, and the absence of all cen
sure or condemnation of your- assailants, are certain
signs that he who utters them is ready to seize the
first opportunity to desert your cause.
To these designs may be added another,- an appeal
to that portion of the farewell address of the Father
of his country, quoted by Col. Benton, under circum
stances which make. its application apply to you,'
and not to those who assail you. I respond to every
word it contains with a hearty amen. It is indeed
deeply to be deplored, that parties should be desig
nated by geographical position, and I regard whatev
er party or individual may have caused it, as deserv-
i - t. . vi . .
in? ot pumic reprooauon. nut to a void geographical
desiffnation of parties, it is indispensable, that each
section of the Union should respect the rights of the
others, and carefully abstain from violating them.
Unless that is done, it will be impossible to avoid it
aggression will, and ought to lead to resistance on the
part of those whoso rights are trampled upon and
safety endangered. . Sectional assault on one side and
sectional resistance on the other, cannot fail to lead
to sectional designation of parties. The hlame and
responsibility rightfully falls' on the section that
assails, and not that which repels assaults.; ' Which,
that is in the present case, admits of no doubt. The
Soutli has been on the defensive throughout, and
borne indignities and encroachments on its rights and
safety with a patience unexampled, and yet she is
basely charged with disunion, and the North lauded
as its" advocate. We must learn to disregarJ such
nnfounded and nnjusi charges, and manfully do our
duty, to save both the Union and ourselves, if it can
bf done consistently wiih our equality and our safety ;
and if not, to save ourselves at all events. In doing
so vre should but follow the example of our Wash
ington in the great struggle, which severed the union
between the colonies and the mother country. He
was ardently attached to that Union, struggled hard
toprcserveitby resisting the encroachments of Parlia
ment on the old and established rights and privileges'
of the Colonies; but the folly and infatuation of Par?
liament, and the vile machinations of tones among
ourselves, rendered all his efforts and those of the
patriots of his day, unavailing. The world knows
the conseqifcnce. My sincere prayer is, that those
who are encroaching on our rights rights essential
to our safety, and more solemnly guarantied than
l r .u oi : ii ..i
cfcrs, profit by the example. " " -
JUHJN U. UALHOUiN.
Fort Hill, July 5th, 1849.
. For the North Carolina Standard.
NINTH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT.
Ma. Editor: -The Congressional Campaign pro
gresses favorably in the Ninth District. Atone time
we thought that we should have to let. the ejection
go by default, but the righteous indignation of the
good people of Northampton could stand.it no long
er. Xunibers of the moderate and several decided
democrats supported the election of Gen. Taylor, re
lying upon the pledge that his administration should
be modeled after that of the "early Presidents."
But alas! what a mistake. Most solemn pledges
are not only shamefully violated, but are gloried in.
When the postmaster at Murfreesborough was pro-'
scribed, they thought that the axe of that moral mur
derer Collamer, bad fallen by mistake; but when the
amiable Pritchard was immolated at Elizabeth City,
contrary to the expressed ..wjshesT of whigs and de
mncrdts, they found that they? had been deceived
but yet entertained hopes that old Zac would rise
in his strength and shaking off , the influences that
cramped his benignity of heartj would restore the
original order of tilings. That last hope has been
doomed to disappointment. His vengeance has fall
en upon the head of Erasmus Peterson, Esq., mail
agent on the Petersburg Rail Road-a man whose
pniss is in the mouth of every one. Mr. Peterson
supported a large family from the' proceeds of his
salary, and after years of unremitting toil for the pub
lic he is turned off, as far as Whlggery is concerned,
to die. . . - J
In view of the condition of .our country, the good
Peonle of Northampton- have urged their young
champion. Gen. Person, to enter the lists and'endea
tor to retrieve -its nonor. GenA Person has been
through Martin Couniy, where he is assured that he
will get all that Col. Biggs, our late member received,
ind I think rather more, inasmuch as certain matters
mat operated agairrst tne Uoionei cannot aneci mm.
I learn that he lias been in Bertie, where our friends
are srreallv jencouraged, and notwithstanding the per
. - .-; . r -... 1
sonal teeling tnai prevails in xavor oi mr. uuiww,
(that feeling has already been greatly modified) our
candidate will receive . a very large vote. Mr. Out
law is regarded as occupyinga false position while
new regarded asa whig and an honest man, tnis aa-
ministration is looked upon as a piebald concern, and
miseratlv corrupt. -If David Outlaw would throw
on allegiance to the Corrupt influences now wieiaing
our chief executive power he might succeed as ne
is, success is impossible. : ;
in Hertford.' every one is on tne qnt vtve. - ai ine
first meetinr of Messrs. Person and Outlaw in lhat
County the democratic candidate was confronted by
Kenneth Rayner of Wake County, and Smith, the
whig senator and solicitor for the district, backed by
Outlaw himself. But the discussion terminated so
fevorably to the democrats ' that Ray her wa$,dum
founded : intending to support Outlaw, he and Smith
ere placed, by the expose of their votes in the last
legislature, d i recti v in opposition to the whig can
didate. It was a glorious day for the democracy of
v' neniora -wniggery. veueu lis utsu u oiai&.
How disgusting to think, Kenneth Rayner, a citizen
of Raleiorh. mnst leave his home to come down fin
heat of a July sun to dictate to the good people of
neniord how they should vote! lie leu it, ana saiu
Wore he left the ground that if he were forgiven this
time he would do so no more. Were 1 a citizen of that
County I would ring it in his ears until he was sick
f it. In Gates we shall do all that can be expected
"tus. In August we are determined to retrieve our
selves. , . . .
Gen. Person is very happyon the stump, xeady in
P'ytothe most tortuous questions thrust upon him in
e most vexatious manner and in rapid'succession ;
lujck in repartee,' calm, cool, and collected in., the
oidst of intense excitement more fortunate in pri
'e conversation. .'Without some untoward accident
"be continues to make as favorable an impression in
"'Qowan and the lower Counties, you may set down
Ninth District .as redeemed and disenthralled.
la Martin County a deputation of: whig. orators
"me from Plymouth to brow-beat and put down our
Joung champion ; tbey were sustained by a packed
from W indsor.Tbe whole host retired crestfallen
J dejected. In Windsor, where Gen. Person had
? friends to- speak for him,' before he was warm ir
'! seat he was beset by a crowd, anxious to entrap
"'m, but they found they had mistaken their man.
oiled in their, public attacks they how fulminate
prills against hjm from the press of the Gladiator.
erhapa the most certain indication of Whig defeat
?Jit8b in the perturbation that their leaders mani
3 and their policy is to embodr in every county
1 weir strength to oppose Gens Person. The peo
fie ee it, anT disapprove ft. SUNSBUKY.
LETTER TROSr GOV; SWAI.
..yiB:A-hi:C9irth Ilt'tL, July 13th, 1843. ft
Tit. (governor Hf(jrthead Cliarmg.n of the Executive
, . Committee of the Salisbury Convention. . i
. My Dxab Sir I left here let the "stage oh the eve
ning of the lOth ulUf . oh a Southwestern; tour, tak
ing the Salisbury Convention id my way. A I return
ed after an absence of 29 days on the 8th Instant,
having travelled about 1,550 miles 210 of yrhich
were along the', stage route from Goldsborough to
Charlotte, and 831 on the South Carolina and Geor
gia Railroad, viz: from Camden, South Carolina to
Dalton, Georgia, 494 miles,-"returning from Dalton,
Georgia, to Charleston, S. C, 407 miles. .
Along the line of onr proposed Rail Road from
Goldsboroogh to Charlotte,' the stages ruh tri-weekly.
If you reach Goldsboroogh" precisely at the hoof of
departure, which is only possible, three, times in the
week, and meet with no delay from any cause, you
may arrive in Charlotte in.threA days and a half, or
84 hours. Your expenses will be, stage-fare from
Goldsborough to Raleigh $4 50 thence to Salisbury
$10 50 to Charlotte $3 $18, r
In tavern bills dinner at' Smrthfield, 50 cents
days board in Raleigh $1 SO-r-sopper at Morihg's 50
breakfast at Holt's 50 dinner in Greerisborough 50,
supper 504 fif you get any) breakfast in Salisbury
50 dinner in" Concord 50 -$5. " " " '
Making the aggregate - expense 23 for 210 miles
stage travel, performed at the rate of less than 2 J
miles an hour, at the average expens'e of about 11
cents pej mile. " ; t - .H'
. On the line of Rail Road referred to, I left Cam
den at 5 o'clock in the morning and arrived -at Dal
ton at 7 the next evening, niakihg 42i"rniles In 38
hours returning, I left Dalton. at 5A.. M., and the
train arrived at Charleston the' next day at 12 M.,
making 40 miles in 31 hours. I paid for fare going
ana -returning yis tavern bills ana omnibus fare
going and returning $6, making. the aggregate ex-
p.ense$21 for 831 miles rail road travel at'the rate of
12 miles an hour, at the average expense of 2j cents
per mile. - .
The result of the whole is simply this ; You travel
along the rout of the proposed Rail Road at a fifth of
the speea, ana at tour times the expense in approach
ing the capital ot your own atate, that is required
to take a Georgian or South Carolinian .to his capital,
or to any of the great commercial markets or these
States This journey from Goldsborough-to Char
lotte cost me -$23 the .same distance in South Caro-'
una and Georgia a fraction over $5. T-paid a tax
therefore bn this single jaunt of about $18. for" the
omission of the government to provide' a great high
way for her citizens. ' I am not a very great traveller;
but I pay considerably more than this sum Jfor simi
lar discomfort, delay, and exposure every,year of- my.
life. I here are many citizens of .IM ofth Carolina,
who pay a larger amount; and there is no one.'erUQV-
ino- the riwht of suffrage. whothou?h ha mav never
o o O " . , O J
enter a stage coach, or own an acre of land, dees not
pay a tax upon' his sugar and his salt, his molasses.
and his iron, that would excite to rebellion if impos
ed by the government for the. avqwed. object of re
moving the evil. i .
.Mai. Hinton, in his recent plain, practical illustra
tions of the advantages derived from the Raleigh, and
Gaston road, concludes his remarks in relation to the
County of Granville with fbe following ujnmary
statement: ' ' ; .
44 Then, Sir, not taking into the. estimate the sav
ing on Dry Goods, Hardware, and other articles of
Merchandise which are daily arriving at the different
Depotsarid. the variety "ot'the smaller products of
the firm "that in like manner, are exported, the ac
count in-the County of Granville for her savings by
the rait-' road stands thus.: -
, . Tobacco, - - .- 32,572 00
- Wheat, r . 9,733 25
Salt, - 3,502-50 -
Lime, 525 00
" Iron, . ."'. 3,502 50.. .
Sugar, Coffee and Molasses, same 3,502 50
Nctt gain to the people of Gran- --
ville alone of $53,342 75
So, in proportion, are Franklin, Warren and other
counties benefitted; and if the estimate be extended.
West, as you go up "the country, so"' the profit. in
creasf s." . . " -
This sum 'bf $53,312 75, it must.be recollected, is
an addition of that amount, not to the. gross, but to
the neil profit of. the citizens of Granville. Permit
the road to go down and the nctt annual income will
be diminished to the same extent. - $53,342 75 will
pay the interest on nearly t?l 00,000, and if therroad"
goes "down, that amount of wealth goes with it.
The $18 lost by me in a travel of 210 miles, repre
sents $300 of capital ;'and I would be just as. well
off in the world if 1 had- $300 invested in the stock
of the proposed road should it barely, support itself,
and notyieli a stiver for dividend. .What is true
with respect to me in this, particular, is true.in rela
tion to all others similarly situated; and what is true
in. respect, to the County of-Granville,-is npt less
trno in rorrart tn th pntire ranee .of Counties to be
penetrated by this road.
None are so far from market as those who have
nothing to sell.' Build your road if you can the
country produces nothing for market- but apples
and feathers." Be it o-r-the staples of-Massachusetts
have been stated.to be "ice and granite." She
is not destitute of markets and merchandize, neverthe
less. A distinguished foreigner looking with intense
look down upon the habitations' of 150,000 persons
possessed -of equal wealth, intelligence, comfort and
sources of enjoyment."
Georgia has discovered along her road-many mar
ketable commodities heavier than feathers, and more
indestructible than apples. Proceeding from Dalton
to Kingston, in a section 6f country where the soil
is thin, fuel cheap,' and limestone abundant, the tra
veller is reminded'of the lime kilns-which line the
bluffs on the Hudson. There the lime finds an easy
descent to the boat in the river, and here into -the
freight car. Ip the neighborhood of Marietta in a
poor soil, covering excellent clay, brick yards are
found in such immediate proximity to the road that
the brick may be almost transferred by hand from the
kiln to the car. At the Stone'Mountain, one of the
greatest natural curiosities in the Union, along. the
base of which a channel for the road has been cut for
a considerable distance through solid stone, 1 was
surprised to see a granite obelisk about' the-size of i
the monument erected by the Trustees of the Univer
sity to the memory ot the late President Caldwell,.
standing within ten feet of me. The site chosen for
this memorial of departed greatness struck me as a
singular one, and I naturally enquired whose mon
ument is this 1" ' Any one's who chooses to buy,"
was the answer ' the price is $275." We have all
these raw materials within our borders, and we have
moreover a country1 of no small extent. The vallies
of the Yadkin and Catawba, certainly equal infer
tility, and in every thing else, but convenience to
market, the most favored section of Georgia.
.1 have chosen in this brief note, rather to suggest
than discuss subjects seemingly ' trivial, and yet not
unworthy the consideration of a patriotic statesman.
I may, if I find time, venture upon graver topics in
a subsequent communication. The enclosed article
cut from a Georgia newspaper, presents a shprt and
clear account , of the rail roads in operation in that
State. I commend it to your consideration. ; ; . -:;
, I am, with great respect, .
Your ob't serv't.
; ... D. L. SWAIN.
One of these is the property of our friend B.,r
some years since a plain, modest, and unobtrusive mem
ber of the House of Commons from the county of Ruth
erford. Finding no prospect of adequate- remuneration
for patient industry in 'his native State; he removed to
Georgia, and has for the last five years labored with dili
gence and success in his present vocation in the immedi
ate vicinity of this beautiful and thriving' -village. ' When
I first knew Marietta, less than ten years ago, it consisted
of some dozen rude tenements. It is now quite equal
to Greensborftugh. I found too many familiar faces in
.u t marxism tn fnnali ler Mr. B'svan isolated case. , .
fTrom the Savannah Republican, June 1 3th. :
RAit "Roafis- i GsonsiAi The enterprize of the
people of Georgia unostentatiously displayed, constructing
the splendid lines of Rail Road now in operation, has
astonished our brethren of the Northern and South-Western
portions of the Union. In ? Jlail-Road reports, in the
public journals, in the letters bf intelligent travellers, eve
ry where, do we find evidence of the high estimation in
Rti U U' We would not boast at thi
state of things ; rather would we seek to show, what yet
is wanting to perfect the system of internal communica
tion, so that the people of every quarter of our domain
not long since, irom me ooservaipry, on uer r"" r . ,
f t x ..a ; r, r tu v. ..nr i ne average increase oi eencrai ic
upon the efobe could one, jyith the naked eye, "oaa vounues o. i was per cei.-
could have th same advantages which he Railcrsys now J
ih use afford. L ': . .-yi.-, j f:. , J
r We propose In a : few' brief kri&deta'-rvfd m ' nVt
account of the Roads; now, in operation how built end
at what cost-f-to shew what Huea are mroiected nd hpin
constructed, and what will probably Se their, influence
ana men 10 exniou a pian by which : he State can, at a
very . trifling expense, eomplete'a ny stern of bo general hen
eflt that for .a generation' yet to come, no further outlay of
capital will be necessary.,; - ''- 1 ; I.; vi;
' I he Macon and Western Rail Road, the phoenix of
the old Monroe Road, first claims our notice. " The Mon
roe Road was projected Ja run froirf Macon to Foroyth,,
and afterwards the project was extended lo Atlanta, Gf eors
gia. ; It wasabold movement in its inception, bin hazard
ous in the extreme, fot when its authorsta"rted, there
was"no prospect of it Road below Macon bi above For.
jsyth.; When it was determined to build tiie Western and
Atlantic and Central Roads; and the Monroe Company
was to-form the connecting" link between-them and thus .
was a way koked""for from the Tennessee river toibeCity
o Savannah. . After many struggle, an the"- establish
ment of the now tlqurisbing-town of GrifRn, the CTorqpany
failed 4ts affairs' went into Chancery and, the ftond: was
sold. It is now in new hands has been completed and
in operation for near three years, and is doing a splendid
business. . A million of dollars -was lost to the people" by
the bid Company, but the new Company has finished a
Road worth over-a million of donars-r6h any outlay
of not much over half a million. We shall consider the
cost of the Road,:iOi miles in length; at $1,500,000:
; The Georgia RaU-Rpad fronr Augusta te Atlanta, 171
miles, was finished about three years' ago; It has a branch
of 40 miles- in- length to Athens. It has cost, in round
numbers with ali its equipments, $3,600,000. f
, The. Central Road from Savannah to Macon; 194
miles, was finished five years ago.. ..Ijs cost from first to
last, with all its equipments, mayjbe placed at" $3,000,-0Q0.-
; ; -- ." .. ' " -
The Memphis Branch, Rail-Road, setenteen miles long
from Kingston on the-Westem and Atlantic Rail-Road, to
Rome at the head of theCoesa River, has beej-finished
within; the last ' year. . We -do 'not know its cosV-buttt
may" be fairly put down at $ 1 30,000. . ' ; . :
These four Roads, together 520 miles fn length, were
built entirely bjTindiviJutl. and city corporation subscrip
tions. Not a dollar "was'evcr. advanf ed . to either ofxthe
Companies by the State. -.'-i
The Western and. Atlantic Road, 149 miles in length
from Atlanta to Chattanooga, on the Tennessee River ih
the State of -Tennessee, was opened 40 Dalton, 100 miles,
about twoycars ago, and will he opened to "Chattanooga
on or about the 1st day. of -November next. Then wijl
Georgia have a line of Rail-Road-frpm Savannah to the
Tennessee River of 432 miles .and.&liqe from Augus
ta of 171. miles, besides, the branches to. Athens and
Rome. These lines will; in a brief period, be extended
through thelgash'yiHc a'nd Chattanooga Road to Nashville.
' The Western and Atlantic Road has been built by the
State out ot the Public Treasury. All the citizens of the
State, thercfofe, .have contributed in. cquii. proportion to
the .erection 'of this great Road an everlasting menu
mentof the-wisdom and liberality of the State-Legislature,
It cost; with equipments, when rompletcdjhay. be placed
at the sum of $4,000,000. - . -"
Thus hayesix hundred and sixty miies of Rail-Road
ibeen constructed aifd equipped. within the last fifteen"
ve'ars at-a cost of $12,000,000. two thirds of which
amount bays been furnished by individual enterprise and
" Of the skill and perseverance displayed in these truly
great works, or. of the effects of the Roads on the prosperi
ty, .of the people, we need not say a word. The Roads
shajl speak for themselves. " -. 1 .
Amlstake in" the arrangement of the captions to tlie
columns of figures ih the Tables appended ta Governor
Swain's letter in pur last paper, .renders their re-publication
in a corrected form indispensable. .
We will not regret the error, if the second "exhibition
of the remarkable facta,', presented by this brief array "of
figures, r-ehall attract -any fair proportion of the conside
ration they deserve. ' '
- . TABLE NO. 1.
Tax" on Land and
$ 3,786 57IN- Han.
1,399 55 -Duplin,
. .-. 1,40 1 OOiSampson,
$ 747 84:
368 .89 1
. 347 97
, . 541 80
; 757 82
1,758 92j Wayne,.
1,053 93, Nash,
$11,552 50 14,368 17
.'$4,297 485,670 84
TABLE No 2.
Tax on Land and
Town Property. .
$ 1,698 94,$ 1,645 05. Chatham,
2,592 89j 2,912 19 Orange,
$ 634 20,8 713 98
1,050 26 1,264 18
1.S40 32 - 1.9S9 64,Guilfocd;
7Q3 71 I
. 914 61
1,353 20., Davidson,
1,302 77 'Rowan, I
$4,049 0434,621 15
Notes The -average'increase of general Revenue in
all. the Countfes in the State, from 1837 to 1847, was
.16 per-cent, and the increase of Tax on Real .itatc-in--
5fi nor' Tnf -
enue in the Rail
on Real Estate
32 per cent
The average increase of general Revenue in the great
central Counties (No. 2,) was in general Revenue less
than 7, on Real Estate 14 percent. . v.
The Rail Road Counties (No. 1.) exceed -the average"
of the State in generaj" Revenue "8 per cent. on- Real Es
tate 12 per cent. ' - . '.""'''.
The central Counties (No. 2,) fall below the average:
increase of the State in aggregate Revenue, 0 per cent.
in tax on Real Estate 6 per cent..
-The Rait Road Counties (No. 1.) stand to the central
Counties (No. 2,) in the. average increase 6i aggregate"
Revenue as"24 to 7, and in the tverage increase of tax on
Real Estate as-32 to 14. " '
The ctwt of the Wilmington an4 Raleigh Rail Road
was about SI. 500.0007.: The assessed value of Real Es
tate in the Rail Road Counties in 1847 exceeded" that of
1837 nearly $2,500,000,
the Temperance Celebration in the City of Ra-
- ; . -leigh, for August 11? 1849. .
. The Sons of Temperance will assemble in their
Hall at 9 oclock, A.- M.; and march in Procession to
the M. E. Church, in the following ordej, vi; r
' " . Music. -.
- , ... Section of Cadets. . . - -
- Officers and Members of Phcenix D i visions V ,
Officers and Members of Concord Division? .-
" Officers and Members of Visiting Divisions. ' '
Officers and Members" of the Grand Division,
..The Rev'd Chaplains. ,
'Readers and Orators of the Day:
Arrived at the Churchvthe Procession will entenn
reversed order. . 'V '
-The exercises -will -consist of vocal, Music,' the
Delivery of several I'emperaftce Addresses,-and th5
presentation of a Banner to Concord Division by.t,he
Young Ladies of the Raleigh Female Classical Inst.
An Tnformal meeting "Vill be held at the Hall on
the Evening previous, at which visiting Brethren are
invited to be present. - - . . -
ED. YARBROUGH, Ja., Chief MorthaL
PROGRESS OF THE CHOLERA.
New York, July 27. There w'ere 205 cases and
06 death8"from cholera reported to-day. ''"
Philadelphia, July 27y To-day we have 34 cases
and 8 deaths from cholera reported.. , -v
Sr; Louis, July 25. The cemeteries on Monday
reported 64 interments, bf.whicb3l were'from chole
ra; and 33 from other diseases. ' On Thursday the.
report was '35 inferments, 19 Jrbm cholera and 16
from other diseases. To-day, the interments for the
24 hours ending noon numbered 28, of which 23 were
from cholera, and 26 from other diseases.
CisciNifATi July 26,;, 46 interments are reported
for the 24 hours ending noon to-day, ,by ourcemete
ries 15 of cholera, and 31 of other diseases. - '
Effects' of the Union onm PM0cacr or
New YoRjti ? ,The noion- of the Democracy in the
various counties in New York,- is already1 producing
consternation-among th - Whigs. - A single onion
meeting in Onondaga, county has -effectually put an
extinguisher cpon the Syracuse Daily Journal th
only 3aily whig paper in the.eounty. Press on the
cloamn. . '- -i - ; .-t
1 .IV rnnr
VTEnrjGSIJA Y, r AUG CTSTE? 1.1 849.
a WoftD; to our subscribers: ' : ;
-vyVe beg leave to offer our acknowledgmenrtsi to
those of our'8ob8cribers in te Eastern portion f the
State, who have so promptly" responded to, the calls
made upon them by ouf Agents, Mr.' Israel E. James
our accounts for the,Vst to MrJ ames for.collfection;
and we hope those" who maybip' waited upon Jn that
section of the" State will also give jus an earnest of
their approbation, "and thus- enable us to serve them
with increased energy and means. I We have thou
sands of dolJa'rs due us,' for'which'we have'.laboted'
d tiring the, past' five or six . years, and which, aa :. a
general rule, iconstitute.our profits. - Many owe ns- j
for four;-five, and even six years twelve, fifteen,
and eighteen dollars; and instead bf transmitting tbe
money to us by letter, as we think they ought to do,
we have to send a Collector to. their doors- and thus, .
after losing all interest on the' amouut realized, . we
have also topay the Collector twenty percent, for his
trouble and labor. We mention this in no fault-finding
spirit. We merely stale the fact, with the belief
that nothing more is necessary. Subscribers. to news-
pers should -bear In mind that the Editor not -only
taxes ftiVenergies daily to please and serve them, but
that he-pays eash for every thing he uses; and also,
that while a few dollars, which they may owe him,
may seem to -be .a small affair jto them. yet in the.aga
gregate they are of tbe-first importance,' ih.a pecuni-'
ary sense, "to him. '"'-';'" ' " , 1 .' -
Our subscribers in this andother States can pay
up at apy .time they choose. Without, risk and with
but Iittt e trouble. All "a subscriber, has to do is to
send the .money to .lis by letter, at our risk; and-in
his next paper after the money comes to hand, he
will find his receipt, which. WillshoW the time from
which and to which he has paid. .' No fear bf losses
by the Mails need be iudtllgfed, WTe have not loBt
"altogether in fhts.way, during the time we hav been
in businesses much as ten dollars., '.. . "
V Our. thanks are due to Ihoseof our patrons who
hav6 paid up promptly, year Iby year,or: who have
shown 'their readiness ..at all. times to comply with
our terms. VVe are glad to ay that we have many
such. We can assure .them,. in' all sincerityv that
nothing herein contained' is intended ibr them,
. . . . -
THE W E.VVBERN IAC MR. STANLY.
The fewbernian charges the Standard with "having
abused" Mr. Stanly, -and also with haying "drawn
its electioneering matter" and "-takenits cue" from,
the Washington Union. No such thing.' We hay.e
neither-" abused Mr.. Stan! v. nor "taken" bur
".cue.",. We have held up Mr. Stanly to the people
of Jhe Eighth District-as unsound upon the Slavery
question, and. have" Warned them against sending him
to Congress; and if that be""abuse," the Newbernian
can make the most of it . V -' ' - :
But from what source does the Newbernian take
iis cue Has it not, like the Raleigh Register, been
copying in its Editorials from a secret Whig Circular,
prepared in Washington Cityby Truman Smith', and
designed to prove a " Coalition " between the Dem
ocrats and Abolitionists f Answer the question guil
ty or not -guilty 1 .- " . .
The Newbernian complains about " abuse," and
yet in the next breath it talks about " old RHddc?
and characterizes that venerable man and pure patriot,
as the arch old. htfpocrile ' We leave tbe public
9 deter mine who is the "hypocrite. .and who deals
in " abuse. The Newbernian ought to have a pew
ter medal for its honesty, with Mr. Stanly's "piclur"
on one side, and the Constitutionality-of the Wilmot
Proviso demonstrated on the other ; and -then the pa
per itself ought to be sent to Paris, and-be preserved
byMr, Vattemare in the North Carolina alcove, as
the handsomest and most perfect specimen extant of
"oi the intelligence and all the decency." .
. The Register asks us to '. venture a'guess-' as-to
what will be tbe course of Gen. Casj in the Senate'
on the Wilmot Proviso. Gen. Cass, we can have
no doubt, will resign his seat rather than vote for the
measure, and leave it to the Governor of Michigan $o
appoint some one in his stead, who, will carry out the
wislies of the Legislature in this regard.. But what
will Mr: Clay do? Will he vote for this measure ?
GenJCass and Judge Douglas are both against this
Proviso, and neither of them wilV ever vote for it.
Can the Register say as -much for any Whig in the
free States?. Will there be even one of its own par
ty from the free States in the next Congress, who will
vote for the Missouri Compromise 1 , -
i - - c. '' ; v
The Richmond Times, a Whig paper, publishes
the whole of Mr. Calhoun's reply to Col. Benton, and
thanks'the former "for the service he has rendeTed
our cause, by demonstrating the illegality 9,n& injustice
of the Wilmot Proviso." How does that take with
the Raleigh Register.? Is lhat paper wiserthan the
Times I a The truth is, the Register, in admitting the
Constitutionality bf that Proviso stands almost soli
tary and alone among Southern newspapers, while
upon this point many even ofthe Northern journals
are against it. But Mr. Senator Badger is with it,
and that, we suppose, is sufficient. . '.
' The Tetter from Poland, in another column, address
ed to Mr. John Rosemond1br Kwiatkowski, of this
vicinitj, vill be read with interest. The eloquence
of the broken-hearted butjravecid man, as he des
cribes the desolation of his country, is most touching.
There is.no hope for; Poland but in the struggles of
Hungary. May th God of nations make Kossuth
the" Washington of Europe ; and may victory still
attend the banner of his country, until Russia shall
have been driven back and both Hungary and Poland
restored to their ancient independence! - .7
Stone and McColIum's Circus, we are-requested
to state, '. will, visit this' City in tfie course of a week
or two. Several valuable additions, we. learn, have
been made to the Troupe since they were here -last ;,
and we have no doubt they will produce' a decided
sensation. The' ubiquitous John Smith (John W.)
is still with the Company. Wherever &e is, the pub
lie may expect "fun" and good order. '
la "accordance With previous arrangements,' made
by the citizens of Newbern, George S. Stevenson,
i Esq." of tliat'place delivered an Oration on the 18th
ultirfio, commemorative of .the life and eminent sor
vfcei of :Ex'President Polk.Mr. Stevenson's effort
U spoken of by both the Republican and Newberni
an'as every way worthy of the occasion. -
. ?? W are requested to etete that the election for Ma
jor General,' appointed to be held iq this Brigade on
Friday bext has "been postponed by' Gen. Littlejohn
until Saturday the 18th day of August. - ,
'-: pT :'' v : r-;':: T-
' A hew PostofEce has been established in "Warren
County, by the name of Areola -Samuel T. Alston,
Eftfr Postmaster.-' , , uf "m.V
, : ' ' . ' '.: k. '' '."!-
Henry Clay is on a. vjt at the Sulpher Springs; ,
Yrrginia, for thk purpose of recruiting his health.
lie is said to look very feeble. v' 1 ' "
t We haveV';wlth considerable labor, prepared .the
following list of the candidates for, Congres in the
States holding their electionsfn August nett and add
ed in each district the majority given Jast November
These States arte entitled to 49 members, aridjsent.td
the bst Congress 26 democrats and 23 whigsr, (hocgf
GenerarTaylor fecei ved majorities in ?? districts, and
General Casaf In but 22. Should the efectioiia result,
now as tfren, the republicans troflTdJose four and the
fedeTalrstsf gain four; but We ehall be disappointed
(notwithstanding "ther" sweltering-i '! of the " Good
Lord good devil" senator from Connecticut if our
friends do not Just reverse thegureW, and g-an four,
whilst the administration lose four.' The House would
than stand 102 democrats,. 102 whigs and 1Q free
Boilers ;.leaving"T7' members-still to be .chosen from
tbe States of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Maryland,
Ohio:.Mississippi, and , Louisiana, out of,, which !the
democrats should", and weTlhink will, elect 12 mem-'
er??:i:.:ri:-.h :is ' .: .i: ;::-v;";.-h vi"
Nobth CAaoLix Elkctiox Election 2d August.- '
Dnjt. Dem. Whigs. . : t; '
il, - ' ; I STZl. CUngman, Tay's m. 4Ji40
2, . - 4 , i " J. P. Caldwell, ,
3. O. W. Caldwell, E. Deberry, -
4. T, W Keen, ' , A. H. ShepperdV
5-.. A. W. Venabler H. K. Nash, .
6 J. R. J. Daniel;, v" ,r... .. ...
W. J. Clarke, . ' . ' .
7. W.S. Ashe, v. , ) '. .;V
:- "Vs?" do ;
,8.. W, K. Lane,
9i .T. J.Terson,
. . doj 2,391
' Tay's m. 1,03 1,
; . do. 1,086
D. Outlaw,, -
Texxesskx. Election 2d August.
D'st. ' Dem.',w,
1. A-.John8on, ' ,
- B Campbell,
2. 4 : '
3. -TrC. Lyon,
4. J. H. Savage,
S. Tnrney, -
N. G. Taylor;
W M. Cocke, '
J. M. Anderson,
' Cass's m.
Tay'a m. 3,536
Cass's m. 1,080
5. G. W.-Jones.. v ;
6. J. H. Th'omas, F. Buchanan,
7. ,. M. P. Gentry,
8. A. Ewing..-"-:;W. Qullom, '
9.. Gen. Harris-
10. F. P. Stanton, J.-.W. Harris,
11. . ; - J" - - C.Williams,
I do '
Tay'a m. ; 353
Alabama. Election 6th August.'
Dem. v ' Whigs
C Sellers, W. J Alston, Tay'a n. 1,302
" ' ' H W. Hilliard,
J. L. Pueh,
3. S. W. Harris, J. S.: Hunter,
do - 629
4.-8. VV. Inge, ; J. G Baldwin,
5; D. Hubbard,- ' i) m-nw- ,
v a n'Tvro? I -w. B. Wood,
.Casa's m; 1,461
" do " 4,025
6. WIL W. Cobb,
7. T: W. Bowdeix.
:. '. Tex-as Election 6th August. x : , .- Z
Dist. Dem. . v.v -V ;-iVr
a. D.S. Kaufman; J - "Cass's ra. 2,106.
' KKJTTt-citr. Election 6th August.
Dist --'- Demi "- Whigs. ; v.- - .
1. Linn-Boyd,- v--" - ' Cass's m.
2. B. L. Clark, -J.lt. Johnston, .Tay's m
do . .2,635
A. "Burltner, -J.B.
D. Brcck, '
H. Marshall, '-
S Pr J.Tjabuona C. Moreliead,
J- C Mason, ? J. B. Huston, Z
JL 11 Stanton. ' J P. Gaines,.
Ihdiaxa Election 6th August.
Dist. "- .'. Dem. -
1. N -Alhertsbn,
2. C. L. Dunham,
O. J. L Robin so d
.- ', Whigs.
E IrZhribrce,. . Cass's m-. -65$
WJl Dunn, do 400
Jos Robinson, ' do plu. 415
S.W. Parker, 7.
G. W. Julian, fs y
6. - W.
J-Brown, W. Herod," . Cass's tn.
A. Gorman,- J. sr'Watts", do "
. " '"" E- W- McGaughey . ' "
C C Nave, : . $ ? ,u
. 8. it-E- McDonald, HrS- Lane," Cass's m.
9. G. N- Fitch ; - Wright. do plu.
1Q A. J. Harlan,""- -D. Kilgore, ;. . ' lo .
' , J. , ' Washington Union.
Governors are also to be chosen in-Tennessee,
Alabama Texas, and 'Indiana. . In Tennessee Gen.
Trousdale, the hero of three wars, is the Democratic
candidate against NeiTl S. Brown, the Whig incum
bent; and in the three other. States. Democrats will
of course be elected. The. States of Massachusetts,
Rhode Island, Maryland-, Ohicv.MississippL, and Lou
isiana vote some time during. the. Fall. .
, LATEST.JFOREIGN NEWS.- .
The late Foreign IJf ews is interesting. The French
are at length in Rome, t,he 'people of that City hayinjt
surrendered. -. The Pope, it is said, is to return to
Rome. re i , -i f..' i- -v
The Hungarians' continue to carry on thier struggle
against Russia and Austria with indomitable energy.
Dembinski, it is sUfed, with 80,000 men, had attack
ed the Russian General Paskiewitch," with 110,000.
men, and gained signal advantages." He was in hot
pursuit of Paskie witch, after -liaving defeated himv
and Kossuth was appealing to the people in all quar
ters to rise in arms and cnt'off te invaders. .
The-Jrish-peopIe are still suffering horribly from
disease and .-starvation.. . .
At-Liverpool, on the 14th July, Cotton had ad
vanced id' per pound ancl sales -were rapidly going
orr. -We observe, as the -result of this intelligence
by. the Europa," thal Cotton 'has advanced $ cent per
pound fnNew York 'The market -for breadstuffs at
Liverpool was -still dilK ' . .
-' ';;r' - IETJ, '" -
. In this Cityr on the 24thinst'in tbe 55th year of her
age. Miss Margaret P. Tred well, daughter of the late
Samuel Tredwell, of Edentpn'. '-: In her character, the
gentle attributes of her sex were so nicely blended with
the meek graces of Christianity, that her friends could
-J .: r .u - j ii- .
uciuro ji v uuicr rcvuru ui uer excellence, or society pro
nounce, a higher- eulogy, upon her memory, than a simple
recital of her u living actions." " God's ' te ace le-with
On tbe 3d., insL, of Cholera, at Louisville , Ky Dr.
David G. Outlaw, of Franklip county, N aged about
28 years, son of Dr. Joseph B. Outlaw of the same place.
He had been on a-visit to Memphis, , and. was returning
home, when ho was stricken down iiva strange land. -It
is consoling to his friends to know that he had with' him
bis family and a friend to administer to him in bis last
ujiug-iuuiueuis. . . - : v; mempnis ncruia.
At Ashbfnd, Granville Coijntyf North- Carolina, on
Wednesday the 3rd day of May l4St, in the 19th year of
her age, Mrs. Lucy F. Mitchell,, the amiable and'afTec
tionate consort of William P. Mitchell, Esq., of . Warren
County, and daughter pf Cc Archibald E Henderson.
" At his residence- in : Orange County,' on Wednesday
morning the I8th -ultimo, Mr. LeviWhitted, ia the 4th
year of his age. J The deceased,, though too, -young to.
engago in the Revolution, -was an ardent, friend to the.
cause, and remembered many of itho sUrringCcanes and
incidents of .that memorable strusvle.' Hehad amass
ed a considerable fortune, by his industry nd economy.
ana aiea in tne tuiiness or a calm old age,, respected aijd
esteemed by all who knew him. "He was a kind husband
and father, and a humane master. Peace to his ashes !
H was an honest man that noblest work of God.'
- To ihe Citizens of 'n.a.lAlfrSir:
"TTrHEREAS. The" President' of tfn 1
. . Y n has,-by Proclamation recommended the otserv
knee of FiiHav. thrt 3A rln-r nf Aii-mst Am Arrv.;A'
humiliation', and of prayer to Almighty God, on account
of the fearful pestilence now Derradin 'our caantri T
have. thought it proper, -in compliance with the request
oi several dozens, to recommend earnestly to Cue citizens
of Raleigh a proper observance of that daVs'and tn tKJo
end, that their several - stores and place of business be
closed, and as far as possible all. aecuUr business be sus
pended ; and .that, assembling ourselves together at; the
various places of public worship,, we do acknowledge,
becomes a Christian people, the providence of God in his
dealings -with nations as well as Individuals.
Raleigh, July 30th, 1849. 769. ''
..VTTti;i l "'""!' '' '
Miu HoldeW : 1 have translated jntb English atJ J'
herewith- send you -for publication,cJny old "father's
letter iro-m jroiana.- i you i whi puf.
esrfing fo ypffr readers, please- lay it before them. , I
send it to yotf because- "1 have been acquainted with,
you for years past; irnd because ;yoo : have ,81 way
expressed the most frferldly feBlif-gi foria trnfortu--nate
country. ." ,'";tF'':,.V -,'vr ; ., '' . :
- - Youf hambTp aemrit; ' '"
- JOltN BOSEMONDi OR KWIATKOVSia ,
' r J RaVoobod,' Tebruary "23, 1840.
Mv riAt So : ,1 take my .pen. In" iny trerablior
hand to inform "yon that Jt. am sparred to this present
daythanks be to God for his merlpies- and guidance
in all my troubles; ' 1 have-commenced, writing, but ,
drnot know-where . I shall send this, letter;', as ypsr
may have left that, Stalevof North Carolina',., frora
which, seven jears ago, you wrote-to, your uncle.
He sent your letter to me by a meccbant J ew from lit? -City
.of. Warsaw.. You say the reasonyou did not
address this letter tome was your fear, thafiur good
government' "-would punish: me for sending yoa In
our airray in 1830; but, my dear child X have beert
punished already. - I, ;wa; nearly; threes inonthsrin
chains and undeT. heavy guard J but I proved that I
enly sent. you . to the Military School lo Kafish in
1825, before the Revolution in 1829--kT by the in
fluence of friends I got clear." ' .Many unfortunate
fathers, however, a're.gtfll groaningvto this Hay in
dungeoo8, on account of their sobs and for disobedi
ence to our good Emperor.'' V,.. .
We took you for lost, until wes read your IetteT.
We could hardly believe, until ypor letter jnformeil.j
us, that you were among the free people of America -free
and.happ under the open heavens. 1 rejoiced.,
at the' precious news. It bathed my wrinkled cheek
irr tears, and those .who listened to roe. reading it, re
mained in gloomy silence. . 5fou say that after many
troubles, two year's .imp risnrimerrt" in, ;Aii stria, and
perils by land and sea,yMi found protection ra the
land of Washington. Washington! . That greal
man wasnot only the Father ofyoor adopted country .
bnt we feel here that he is the Fathernf all the World
His history is forbidden to be read i in our houses, -nnder
penalty f two month's imprisonment ; but ha
lives in our hearts.and the world has begun to follow
him, saying. there in America people live without
Emperors, Ki.ngrs, and PrincesMrnd why do we want
them here T" It seems to me that a kind Providenc".
provided, long in advance that same land of Wash-inn-ton
as a refuse for our unfortunate sons, when her
Kent-Kosciusko and otliera to arssist in crashing the
yoke.of English power. '.. '
I will give you my reason for not answering yoar
letter immediately. By the Ukaafe of oaf ' good-.
Emperor '' -all communication is" forbidden with the
Polish exiles in. America, unless-our letters prais
the Emperor, and say how good and kind be is to
us; bHt before I would ever appearj to praise that
tyrant and write .false letters, I determined to wait for
better times. And-now, wheifevery thing is chang---.
ing here, I write. This tyrant Nicholas has snatched
the infants from their mother's breasts, and sent theruu
away, so that they may forget that they are .bom .
Poles. He has prohibited our langdage, abolished
bur schools, forced onr daughters t rrnrry Iris sol-i
diers.and carried away all onrancient relics to Roasia,-.'
He has pot as. under large tajr.es, and filled our cities .-
towns, tillages,-and; housns with his cruel soldiers?;;
and now he forces us to" call him a'good Father, and
he thinks, we will soon forget our names, forever. "
But iiotvv'itlistandinVan this.-our country's boor haa
("not passed yet. .He employs fifteen thousand spies- .'
to watch our movements ; but. in spite ot bis mean '
and sneaking police, we have secret cormuonicatlon
with. the Hunsrarians, and we aTe sending our . young ;
men daily ta their assistance. I hope still to see the
day- when I shall unbury my rusty word, and :
wash it in" the blood" of dur oppressors. VVe ara" fc
8-worn to-" vengeance.- Old and; you nff, women. and
children, all are preparing for the conflict, and befprst- :
many years you shall bear. When your country -calls
you, you must return. Tell the brave young;
Americans not. to let 'distance frighten them from our' " - ;
sides, but let them give ns a brotherly hand ;."and if; :
they should fall in our defence," onr- daughters will -krteel
on their-graves, plant floweTS upon them,' and
sprinklenhem with their tears, saying "the-"winds'
that blow o'n the tops of the trees carry "my sorrow
to their native land. ' ' ' ' ."':...-
You say you have settled in North Carolihav and
that you enjoy the sarre privileges as American:citi
zens do. We are far from that here. We are noth
ing but poor slaves. . You say that in America the
people have different societies and "denominatiens,
and that evefyone worships God ' in his own "Xray
and speaks what , he pleases: Very different with
us. , "We are .afraid of our shadows. We are forced
to the established Church," to pray for our "good'
Emperor" and his family." But I love you for one
thing, my boy, that you preferred a. home among
foreigners rather than submit here to the despotic
yoke. Here the -chain always jingles- in oar ears ;
but' we trust' that God will yet turn His bolyv face -upon
us that by his power our ' scattered sons'" may
return to their old fathers, and. the strongest throne
on earth be shaken to pieces. You have read the
history of. your country.'": You know that whenever
any nation has struggled for liberty, we have fought
for. them and left them free ; - there i "ho spot on the
earth .where 'Polish blood .has nbi beerispilt. . And
what have we received in return Nothing but goa(dy.
wishes. . Look at 'the French.. When Ihey wanted'"
us to fight for them, we went. . From tbe beginnings
in the battles of Jenna," Marengo, Wagram'Auster-
litz, Leipsic, Dresden we were with them, and with ;
them alike in victory and death.- We stood by thera-'
to the last at Waterloo, and: even to th end at St. ,
Helena "we were" by him; but when in 18391; with
our fields soaked inblood, and covered with the dead
of our sons and daughters,, we asked them" to. help
ur, we received nothing' from them but vivala Je
Pblone." , That is all we had for our blood. Aud
wlmt are Ihey doing now? . Fighting among them-'-,
selves like fools, and the world laughing. at them. . '.
Up to our latest dates, frorn Hungary,-, by our sev
cret Advices, there were ten thousand of our country-
men under- Generals Beml. Dembinski, and youngi
Radziwell. Gen, Bern has received, for his .bravery, .
a diamond taken out from the Hungarian crown. . .
I must end this letter. Though :.in: your early ."
years, you vanished from me, you are always on my'
mind. - Return to me. This old house shall be open -' '
to you, and shall be yours ; and jou will find enough;
for yourself, "your wife, and the jresUV If you will ? -.
come, and have no money 'for your voyage, let me . .'
know, and I will send it yeu." And then, resting on ' ,
.the banks under the shade of the old trees," we will
surround-you, and listen to -your history and your '
troubles among foreigners. ' .-;-' .
Your affectienate Father,-1 : -.
: JACOB KWIATKOWSia. '
; ; - Cherry HUI XVtale Jiistitute. - ; .
- AB"Mitto's','k'jrrc r . ,
AMALE Classical School under the above title will
be opened on -Monday the f 23d instant ai'Chtrry'
Hill, three fourths of a mile from Milton on the road
leading to tbe Red House, under the management of the
undersigned, late Principal of tbe Trinity Mais Academy. '
The terms of tuition wilL be' the same as those "charged
in neighboring Institutes of. like character- The" school
-will-be one preparatory to the' admission of its" putuli to
nu - ui yw vw.iugc, m vue umrsuy oi i.orui u aro-.
The localjon is remarkablj pleasant and healthy, with
excellent water and sufficiently hqaf to MiltonTor plil
to Board there, and attend the School.' ryBoard-waliiitg -&cj
will be seven and eight dollars per month,-'-- - -1 :
. a cias in me r,rencn language will oe taugnt by Jjr.
William AtShaw,'of MiUon. 'V ' .;-vr '
: i.;-' ;,-5?.;r-j-'v" john il lacy,j;,
,--' - y-r- jistirtKtv'--'-":V'v..:. ' ' : V "
HoS. Thomas Settle, Hon ." Calvin Gra ves; John VLatti
E3q. fl;ev. Samuei Wait, D.D., Rev. -John G. Mills,
RobertcW. Lawson. Esq -Rev. J.' J. James. Nathaniel -
J Palmer,' Esq ; ': i "" ::--.,.- - i7l- v -.'';'.. -..
August VI 840.y V" :-'-y ?. 769 2 tv-
,.-.: Lumber, 4- ..'. ',-.....
B. STITH. .C6 Co. keep constantly on hahcl.V
large- supply of Lone Leaf Pine Lumber, from
Dr. Leauh's Mill,: and will have sawed and delivered to'
ordor. immediately any order Jthat may "be left with themJ
Raleigh, August I, 1849. , V
4. i -f; .i
"I pi H AGS of very prime Laguira CofTeo just received
Atand for salohyO ; i 'bw. A B hTWHi ii' Coi -
- Ealeigh August 13849. f ? r.i , ? 'i '. Li$$-ii
-.n'c37 . ; Job Printing; tJi
Neatly Executed at the Standard Print. Office.