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Volume XVI. RALEIGHNORTH CAROLIN; ;WEDNESDAV MORNlNti, NOVEMBEfeil, 1849. iJ jjjE NORTH CAROLiyi STAND ARB ILLIAIM W:. HO Ii ITE XT,, EDITOR AND PKORlfcTplL, C C -f jobtbCauouijca Stakdad is published week- 4t Three Dollars per annum, payable in advance. In astance will the paper be sept, unless the money, for f same shall accempany the order. Subscribers, -and Lts, who may wish to send money to the Editor, can fjjt all times, by Mail and at his riski,. Receipts for Jguni3 will be promptly transmitted. dtehtiskmkxts not exceeding fourteen lines,'willbe ruerted one time for one dollar, and twenty-five cents for subsequent insertion ; those of greater length in pro--ajtion. Court Orders and Judicial Advertisements will Jged twenty-five per cent, higher than, the above tes. A reasonable deduction will be made to those who jrtisebythc year.-' : .' :r i .. ,- Letters to the Editor must come free of postage. Remarks of J. IioVejoyj. Esq. fok'vered bcforef7iZ Wake. Cowafv Internal rjoiprove- Association. . - . I do not think I can interest this audience, fori tnovr but little with respect to the subject, upon which 1 have Deen requeaiea 10 speaK. i nave' not " . i ii much aooui u, nor nave i generally aiienaea your meeungs. 1 Know noming 01 racis in regara 10 ran mads. 1 only Know, that rail roads and steam have neat power to build up, and great power to destroy i State. And I know that you have a glorious terri ury, the inheritance of your. forefathers, which ,is to niinp.l or im Droved bv this Dower. Look at this territory, North, Sooth, East ana West. In the East, there is the finest land in the world, intersected by navigable rivers. There are rich mines in other parts. Look at this territory in the West. . Nature has de Died it only one advantage, a communication by water rith the marts of commerce; while in all other re- nects, the evidence of sreography, land,' water, fire md frost declare it to be unrivalled on the face of the lobe for the habitation of man. Its latitude is be- tween thirty-four and thirty-seven, which, is the best ror health, sufficiently removed irom the raging dis eases of the torrid zone, and the terrific consumption of the North. The same latitude west of N orth Car ina, brings you to the unhealthy valley of the Ten nessee and Cumberland rivers ; next the unhealthy alley of the Arkansas, which reaches to the sandy jlains of Mexico ; then the Pacific Ocean ; next the j)esert of Cobi in Asia, extending to the barren fountains in Turkey ; then the Mediterranean Sea, !ne desert countries in the North of Africa, and the Sirocco swept capes of the South of Europe; next the Atlantic Ocean, then the Eastern part of North Car liru, which is also unhealthy, and lastly to the sand ridge upon which is situated the city of Raleigh. Thus do we see, that land, seas, oceans, mountains, iwamps and deserts show, that Western North Car olina is the only great country in the same latitude, which can be safely inhabited, if health is considered sf any advantage. And yet all observation and ex perience, all writers on the subject, affirm that the belt of land between thirty-four and thirty-seven, is the healthiest section of the earth, unless local causes of an unhealthy nature intervene. If you go South of this, you have too much heat ; if you go North, too have too much frost. Consequently, the testi "monv of frost and fire also prove not only that the 'anperature of that country is the most agreeable, in the world, but that coia ana neai are so nappiiy pro- i portioned as to produce all the grains, fruits and rotables, of more Northern and Southern climes. ' Wheat, rye, oats, barley, buckwheat and all the veg 1 tables of the North are there. Rice, cotton, tobacco, I... . - . i - . I o 1 Indian corn, the sweet poiaioe peculiar 10 me ooum, ud all its delicious fruits, are. there. It abounds in inepastures, meadows, hills and mountains for graz Lur. There you can produce the fine merino wool of Spain, the rich, sleek cattle of New England and the aiddle States and all kinds of stock, in the greatest ibandance and greatest perfection. There is every iing to please the ear and the eye. Brooks, rivers, sireet sounding streams, valleys, hills, mountains, peasant landscapes and flowery fields are there. God ia made it the garden, the Eden of the world, and till you not enjoy it I Will you, or will you not, construct a rail road to -Ms remarkable territory, is the question now sub Bitted to your consideration? a question vast in its consequences, not only to you, but also to your pos frity. If you decide against this road, your decision must be final final for one hundred years forever. Yonr most able men believe that you never can build 'Ms road, if the present attempt is a failure. For should the State continue her proposition, poverty will forbid all action hereafter in regard to the subject. Vorth Carolina is not growing rich, but is every day 'rowincr poorer. No one will say that capital is towing into this State, while every one knows it is 1 rapidly going oot. that the decrease of her capital by emigration is erreater than its increase. Texas, Florida, Mississippi, Alabama and all the South Western States, swarm with enterprising men, and abound in riches which have gone from North Caro lina. J. hen. whv should vou nut off this business. and reject the proposition which has been offered by ne state f Do you think you have not the means J If you are not able how to build this road, when will yon be? Will it be five or ten years hence will it be when other States shall have drained you of your vealih, and swept all enterprise and intelligence from jour borders ? Will procrastination brighten the future, or add new energy to your hands ? The fu ture holds out no hopes, no inducements, no expec tations. All is dark and gloomy, and growing darker. Notllincr snpabs fnr rTptav. hut pirv ihinrr fnr wift ! ---, rw -. j t - - - r fttisrre measures. The Stateis rapidly diminishing III Wealth nnrl nnwnr nn man ran Aptw it. all th intra affirm, it your waste lands, which stretch far and fide, once bright with life and cultivation, now bar jen and desolate, assert it true. The bills and val eJ8i brooks and rivers, the very .trees and. stones, wuld they speak, would cry out and swear it true. Then, why delay this subject? Should you see a i tan Maoj;.. "j i .1.1 itv u: Me ebbed out, before yoa. bound up. the wound? ouU you sit down contented, and think him grow In2 stronger, until his eyes were dim, hs Hps pale, Wil he staggered and sunk down at your feet, and "en stanch the blood ? Your great men say. North Carolina is in this condition. Her resources are asting away, she is growing weaker, is bleeding ; constant emigration which has been going on for past fifteen years, has opened the sluices, to her er- Men have learned that labor is three times more Pebble in the South Western States, than it is upon barren sand ridges, that run through the middle "North Carolina. So strongly have they been im pressed with, this idea, that many have sold 'their "tins. 9nt C..U .lllixnxk XA DlAlrrTi on1 Uiston road passed their very doors. Now, the fall- this road will increase emigration a hundred ',for fail it must, we are told, unless the central is built. But how will this vent increase em jation ? I answer, the Gaston road has taught men, J to have enjoyed its advantages the vast difference jtaeen the carrying of produce-by fire, and the car ing it by horses. ' Fire charges them one-ninth of 7?" "op, to carry it the distance of two hundred ?jle; horses charge them one-third Now. if xnen - wia their land, and lett the State,, wno were ?lving the benefits of this 5road, what yrill thrft e class of men do when this road goes" down? ?e eTent will nnmoiiriAn Hom lilro . cttnrm : it will yw them : thev cannot move. They . must com- Tjce buying horses and wagons, for,what ;to trans- - ieir produce tocPetersbafgl' IN o, to carry tneir rhig will take place all along the Gaston road, and 1 we bitter of a thing,, until he has tasted it... De- 8 and he quickly finds there is something want- ed there is a gap somewhere ; what is it, where is it ? i ..The Ilaleigtr- and Gaston toad has gone down. Has it, has it, he exclaims ! perhaps this is only a mistake. ' 'Truth, at length asserts the fact, it has gone down -This man is at first half crazy, like a drunk ard deprived of his dram. He almost swears at him self, and at the State, blarnes himself, blames every thing, wishes himself and the State at the bottom of the sea. At last, comes" sober reflection, what am I to do, whither am f to' turn ? He turns to his wife ; he tells her he suddenly finds his produce worth noth ing, that they cannot live; the children cannoCbe ed ucated. Of course, the prudent wise, woman calms his passion, stills his temper, advises him to sell the home of his fathers, and leave the land of his birth. He does it, but he does it sadly, and with deep regret. .These will be your feelings, ye citizens of Raleigh, if this, road goes down. . Ye may not curse but you will be. sorely Vexed.. You may allege that the far mers "who leave this country, will sell their rand to others ; consequently no. change will take place, save that of possession : but in this you are sadly mista .kery sadly in, an error. : There am but two. things which give value to land, situation and fertility. If land is fertile and near a good market, it is very high; if it is fertile, and far distant from market, it is 'very low ; if it has neither of these advantages, it is worth comparatively .nothing. Now if the Gaston road goes down, the land of Wake County will be worth almost nothing, for it will have neither of those qual ities which give value to land. -. Who then will purchase this land will they be men of enterprise, men who care to improve them selves or others ? No, they will be men, who care for nothing but to live, and who will be contented to live upon the spontaneous productions of the earth. You may think to leave this business for the next generation -may say let us take care of ourselves let those who come hereafter do the same. You have no right to do this. Had your forefathers acted upon this principle, you would now be grinding the axe of tyrants, to sever your own necks, and forging chains to bind and gall your own ankles. How mean, how barren is the idea of acting only for self ! The hours of existence belong' not to self, but rather to posterity and to God. What is the value of. one man. or one generation of men, when compared with the establishing of a great principle, which shall reach through the hearts of a thousand generations, bracing the soul to virtue, and raising it to that noble destiny which the laws of Nature intend it shall attain ? A generation of men that acts entirely for sell, is ot no more vaiue man a generation 01 trees ; it is less so, for the tree leaves its kind in the earth and Nature the same as it found ber; while a peo ple who act entirely for self, leave behind them des olation and darkness. They have not left Nature as they found her; they have been a dead weight upon the world, ana urawn 11 oacKwaras.ana iney aeserve the curses, and not the blessing of posterity. Beast, bird, fish, insect, reptile have a higher value, a more noble dignity in the universe, than that people who consult for nothing but the interest of their own gen- - f i - . eration ; tor tne lormer leave ineir species unimpaired, while the latter attempt to degrade Nature, strike at her heart, hack and hew at her limbs, and divest her of her noble proportions, by reducing their own chil dren to dwarfs and pigmies. Were all beings influenced by that dark and nar row despotism, which subjects all action to self-in-teiest, society must first suddenly come to a stand, then go backward, and lastly perish. God must stand still, for he works for the universe ; the sun, the moon, and the stars must stand still, for they move by God, reflecting his power and his glory. There could be but one hand upon the face of time, destruc tion but one movement in the universe, death. Leave this business to posterity ! the very idea is un natural, unmanly, degrading. Besides, your poster ity will not be here. Other btates will have your children : for be assured, be assured, if the Gaston road goes down, the broom of emigration will sweep with a powerful and mighty hand. All the wealth and intelligence will leave your county, and this part of the State. You must see the wealth leave your city, and go to other places of more comforts and greater conveniencies. You must see all your merchants and mechanics depart, who are able. All of you who are young and vigorous and can depart, will do so. But many of you cannot leave you have not the means, you have families; and women and children, without money, are fixtures ; they grow to one spot like trees. I mean no direspect to the wife and children they are round our hearts like sunshine round a cloud ; we would die for them ; dy ing is nothing, we would be slain a thousand times, to save them. But I mean to say, can a man who has a family take them up at any moment, and move where he pleases like a young man who has no fam ily i Who changes his situation as fortune chan ges, and varies his pathway like the winds of Heav en? He it is whom destiny favors he it is to whom fortune reaches out her hand. He has the unbroken heart; the elastic step, strong faith, endurance and the indomitable will are his ; and his imagination makes, the far-off to come all brightness and sun shine. He is unincumbered, fetterless, free as the wild wind. He throws himself into the great world race, and outruns the world. The world cannot keep its eye upon him, he is out of sight in a moment, crying this way, this way oh ' world, the goal is before ! All these will leave your city, your coun ty and this part of the State. But many of you are past the meridian Jine of life ; you do not love to leave the land of. your childhood. Your grand-fathers, your grand-mother v your fathers and your mohers, lived and died here. Old associations wrap them selves around you like a garment, and cling to your hearts like a ghost to the ruin it haunts. If you start to go away, Time bids you stop, shows you his scythe ready to cut you down, points to your gray hairs, points to the graves of your fathers, makes the future-all fear and darkness, and " beds the far-off to come with fire." Your feet are upon that section of life where the shadows of ag darkly fall, and the sun of existence begins to go down; your limbs begin to lose their strength, and your knees their swiftness, and the bounding energy of youth is gone. You are climbing the thunder-stricken hill of time and death; Now here you must stay, because youare afraid to go, And ye who have not the means must stay, because you cannot go. Here must you linger out your days, amidst the dark-crowdin troubles that 4eSet you, must see the young and the strong depart, and all .wealth and enterprise quit your capital must see your houses decay, your city dwindle to nothing the place where you were born and raised, that place, above all others, the' most saered to the soul God has made it so, and has rooted it in the heart, as strong as death, as deep as eternity. , . Ye citizens 'of Kaleigh, it seems to me that a great danger threatens you ! that a fearful enemy is about to strike, and to strike fatally. And will you devise no -means to avert this dangerwill ye besi late to give the sum of seventy.fi ve, or a hundred thousand dollars, to avert it?. Were a hostile foe upon your borders,' would you sit in your houses until your throats were cut upon your own threshholds, or would you go ouf, and meet the enemy in the open field, and pour out your blood liko meal, Now which is the worst, to be killed by the quick rapid strokes of battle, or to die the' still, slow,. horrible, death by lingering consumption? Were it left to me, I would choosewar doubly dark, rather tha'h endure the tor ments of a monster,. :that . kills ny years 01 wnurv, The bloody footsteps of War are washed out by the next morning's dew, and the ' thunders of his march like iha voice of the retiring storm. I" He strikes the heart and- it is coldV But hero is ir dan ger, which threatens to-rust into-your hearts, to eat you tip inch by inch, sine by sinew, bona by bone, imb, by limb, joint by joint. mWUI any one: bring up the imbecility of the Raleigh and Gastpnroad against this'project ? ' That is no test, ho argument, no evi dence. 'It liesiike a dead giant, iimbless,-poVerlesS, nerveless, between 4 swam pi on the one baqd,anda sand bank on the, other. fVAr ie-re -large dues, at; either terininus,'to give impetus. to travel ? ,M Are there rich productive back countries, to ioaa ine wains wun produce? No: they come empty, and go empty, The very engines eem vexed, that they are doing nothing for the world. 'Instead of rushing along from twenty to thirty miles per hour, as they do in other .States, here they, limp along, stop, hesitate, consider. Consider ! . What do they consider? . They consider whether they shall run into a sand hank or a swamp. Nature is angry that she is so treated and outraged. Nature loves all, works for tall, shines, rains, burns, freezes, thunders and lightens for all. Nature is not to blame for the freaks of the Raleigh and Gaston road, but they are to blame who attempted to pen her vp in so horrible and monstrous a manner. But if, - this other road is builtv running through the Ca pi - tajls ot a dozenfetates, through the heart of a mighty folded up their arms and saw her star go down. But empire, attracting to itself all the. travel which must j God saw it go down God saw it. And be sees the necessarily pass through such an empire, then will ' plains of Hungary all stained and black with-the nature woric, then will she have fair play, then will : blood and limbs of his children . But does God sleep? she show you her hand. ' Her giants, her steed of Iras God forgotten the -Earth shall- injustice and fire, will move through yourState, like a whirl wind, jvrong triumph forever?, No:, for every drop of blood casting off with the rapidity of lightning before your spilled. upon jbefieldsof Hungary, an armed warrior doors, the bounties ot all climates, the treasures of sjtall rise up-Lmillioas , shall Ujere-cpni forthv who the-wbrld, diffusing wealth; prosperity SndtiappinesS;strali pour out the anger of God upon Europe like a around. On tbe other hand," if you sit here and do 1 devouring fire, hurl the. bolts of bis destruction, all nothing, stand 8uU with your hands in your pockets, while other States are up and doing, and drawing their , lines of rail road around you, then must they increase, ! you must decrease; they must drain you of your sub-' stance, and eat out your very vitals,' must become great, powerful and intelligent, while you must be-j come miserable, poor, wretched and naked. Great j events sometimes take place in the world, which , bear society as far in a year, as it advanced before in j centuries. Such have - been the discovery of thei electro-telegraph, the art of printing, but more espe- ciaiiy the propulsion ot machinery, py steam. . xsa- stop short in their career of glory and renown. uuug uiuqii avail biicuiacivco ui uiuac uiavuYt;iit;3 ui Europe has appropriated them. She has become famous and powerful. Asia has rejected them. She is miserable and in darkness, blinded and dazzled by the very beams which would have filled her empires with JUe, beauty and splendor, steam? It does wonders, and out what does brings important events to pass. And will ye reject this power, drive this giantess from your borders? Will you say to her, we dislike your hoarse and troublesome voice? our sleep, our tranquility shall not be disturbed by ?rour swift impetuous temper ; therefore begone and , the yellow broom. She will entice the young men I lowing sensible article from the New York Herald, eave us to our slumbers! She says admit me with- j from your borders into her own territories, and add in reJiTt;on to the Cotton Trade, the South, and the in your borders, and you shall sleep then, more than them to her other allies, and they are many. . All the i . . . e ct, ,-. ... , , now ; I will carry you five hundred miles per day, i States, North, West and South are hers; the whole j nsMu.f c-n. of Slavery. W hat the Herald says in re and rock you to sleep in the mean time. When you ' world, the ocean, the elements, fire and water are ' gard to the .manufacture of Cotton in Ceorgiawill wish to move, you shall not pass over horrible roads in horrible hacks, drawn by jaded horses, whose! swollen limbs and panting chests make you wish to walk rather than ride. She says to you, go to sleep j with your wives and children ; I shall never fail, ! never falter; I have feet of iron, lunhs of brass, and HI nrA nil flMJL-innr oith . imnBtilnilQ anoft anil rfcict. , ... ...... r " less power. Go to sleep with your wives and chil ilren. or Imvp them hp.hind : I will rarrv vnti fnr awav to distant cities and return before they miss yon. I j must accumulate in a State, unless it use this power j worthy of perusal and consideration : will do all your work myself. I will build uptowns, to defend itself against the same power existing in j "-The Cotton Tkade The South and the In cities and villages wherever I go, even in desert ( other States, to prevent them from drawing her blood ; stitutiox of Slavery. Of the late intelligence from places. Sleep, sleep on day and night, sleep on for-; and eating up her substance. This power seems to j Europe, the item of paramount importance to the ever. Your old fields shall grow green with the , be a great friend, but is an enemy not to be endured, ' commercial world, is, the report of an advance upon products of industry and labor. I will give the poor not to be trifled with : seems to out-devil the devil i cotton in Liverpool, of a halfpenny per pound. It man prudence, economy and a strong heart, for 1 will take his produce, which is worth comparatively noth-! ing, and bring him back many, many comforts and luxuries in return. The poor shall rejoice at my go- ing and my coming, for I will feed their children, clothfeO.bein, educate them, build theitf good houses ! for their bodies, and give peace, tranquility and sun-j shine to their hearts. I will turn all your water falls ; into mills and factories. Admit me within your bor- ders, and you shall become great and powerful. I j will do all this myself ; sleep, sleep on day and night, sleep on forever. But this power says, if you admit me not, I will awaken you with a start. I will tor ment you with cold, hunger and famine. Your State shall become a skeleton of dry bones and rock ing joints. Capital shall leave your State. I will drive your sons away to die in unhealthy climates, your towns shall .waste away, you shall become wretched, worse and worse shall grow your perplex ities ; other States shall eat up your commerce, your wealth shall be given to the cities of the North, your ships shall rot in your harbors, and your seaports be come the habitation of beggars and fishermen. A gloom shall hang over the land, heavy and deep the gloom of poverty and ignorance. Ignorance shall walk up to your door as a neighbor, and claim ad mittance shall tell your children they are his broth ers and his sisters; that he will eat, drink and sleep with them ; that he will lead them through caves of! torl-neoc a nrl dona nf nrimet that he will blind them. ... . . ii- c i. J .... I StriKO QUI intelligence iroui men eyes, mm iiav uui the rose from their cheeks like lightning. The pro pulsion of machinery by steam was the work of one of our own countrymen. And by it, we have paid Europe the debt we owed her, and more than paid her; so that if we owe Europe much, she owes us more. She has given us pleasant books ; we have given her great principles of government, and the useful arts. If the soul of her bards is here, the spirit of Washington, the genius of Fulton and Morse are there. It is the arm of Washington that strikes on the plains of Hungary, Piedmont and Italy. Far away by the rushing Potomac, the world's great Lib erator sleeps, while his spirit is building up repub lics on the banks of the Rhine and the Danube. . No laboring vessel, "no weary sail carries out our priori pies, our messages, and our love to the struggling nations of Europe ; but the Queen of the deep goes forth with them. Does she traverse does she sheer off to suit the caprice of wind or wave? What cares she for wind or wave?. She walks the ocean like a tyrant, and ' dashes the billows from her side with sftorn.' She laughs in the face of the tempest, and her dark hot throat out-roars, dut-burns the thunder and the storm which descend to devour her. up. She goes to the wharves of Europe the bold swift mes senger of the Eagle Republic proud of her strength and'ber origin. Nor does her mission end here ; she meets her sister of the land. The. two giantesses shake hands and exchange friendly greetings. The queen of the ocean delivers up to her sister her news, her letters, and her message for the people of Eu rope. She receives them and tarries not. She stops not in the inarts of commerce, where the domes of fower shoot heavenward, but strikes off for the in and country, where the oppressed and care-worn poor till the lands of wealthy lords and noble tyrants. And she scatters all along her track, the sons, of Ameri can Liberty, who teach the people their rights and the foul wrongs which are done them. ' She throws off her commands to ' the wires in every direction, crying in her thunder-voice, write, . write, oh Light ning "write the name of Washingtoa, Liberty, Amer ica, upon every door, post in Europe! The genius of Fulton and Morse is there. Away, away she goes, North, South, East and West, through every country in Europe casting her dark and fiery shadow upon the brows of tyrants, and giving hope and oour-i are to the oppressed.. This power is . the great re generator, the great teacher of mankind. She teaches man every thing, prudence, industry, economy, liter ature, the arts and sciences. "She is changing the face of society tearing" down old despotisms and building up republics; ' And how is she doing this ? She brings thousands, nay hundreds of thousands, of the oppressed of Europe to the shores of America yearly. She carries back their sentiments, their let ters and their opinions, ' by which- Americarr princi ples are planted all over Europe, and spring up de sirous of retolutiott and armed. for war. i, The people are begining to?.believe that they are not .cattle, and their tyrants not Gods. The bit set hard in fheirraouths, grow worse' and "worse." "The 'hand that pulls those biis is flafehiag'with' diamonds. There yeas' once an awe attached to that hand and a horror at striking it ,pff. but, that ,has: departed.. For that handis always cruel' and exacting, never gives bene fits ever TstomfffavofsV bul always demands labor, pain and bloods It may be asserted that the revolt tioas of EuropernWerjriotthe expectations of Iree dom. But What did Freedom expect ? Did he ex- pect that one or two: revolutions, could burn out the heart of tyranny from Europe that one or two rivers j pf blood could wash out the deep dark .stain, which I a thousand years of oppression,; have stamped upon her brow ? Freedom expected ao such thiner. She knows (that her, tree can: only grow. in. Europe from the ; dustnd ashes of despotism; watered by the blood and tears of her, children ; i that, it is a thing of difficult culture and. requires, great Icare ' and pa tience ; that its roots must, shoot deep and wide, even to the heart of the earth, before the nations can sit nuietlv under its shade, and trannuilitv nrevail in . i ft . j -w -- J i Europe. Kossuth has failed. Hungary has failed. The ; nations looked on and saw tire unequal struggle death and lightning, until tyrarwiy backs out from Europe, like the freezing darkness when the sun is eclipsed, and the tree of Liberty is planted upon the grave of despotism. j. But to return to our own country : Will you reject this power? Ye dare not do it. She bids you reject her at your peril. She is strong to build up, strong to. give life, but she is also strong to kill. You are struggling with a great monster. She has her hand on your throat, and bids you say no, if you dare. Say it, say it, and she will strangle you by years of torture. W rench at that hand ; it is iron. -. Wrench at that hand i she is strong and you are weak. Wres tle, struggle with her. She has feet of iron, limbs of brass, sinews of steel and outstrips the storm in her course. How will she destroy you ? She will not be withinyour borders, will not go through them. But as she passes them on her lightning track, she ; will stretch out her hand from the mountains to the ' sea-board, and tear your houses down, throw up your ' ships high and dry, to rot upon the sand, rain a blight ing mildew upon the land, sow it with the dust, of '. destruction, destroy your cultivated fields, turn them : into deserts, and plant them in thorns, thistles and hers. Your wealthy men shall go over to her side, She will take the riches of those who stay, and give them to her friends and suppor'ers, strip the very clothes from their backs, snatch the bread from the mouths of their children, blind and curse them with poverty and ignorance f To tliSs Ainr.tr rr is it truth? TVnt! t is this lancy. or is it truth 5 I ruth i it is not halt the reality. No imagination, however swift in flight nr mirrKtu in pnprrru. rain nnint tlx tArrililp pvila which himself In atrocity and cruelty, bhe takes from you your clothing, snatches the food from your mou ths, j blinds and curses your children or seduces them away : and makes them work for herself; and yet she is not ' atrocious, nor is she cruel. She works for the world ; her arms "are Iong,.and they require abroad sweep, Can she prevent their passing over your State, tearing your houses down and wasting your substance? Your wealth, your produce, your youn? men run after her. Is she to blame, or is the world to blame. or is nature to blame, or is Fulton to blame, for arm ing such a terrible monster against North Carolina? Neither of those are to blame; but you are to blame, it you reject her. and must suffer the consequences of your folly. But you must remember, if you make this power your enemy, there are three things which make her different from all other enemies. First: she can kill you while you have no weapon, nor can have any, with which to defend yourselves, beconn ly : no one will sympathize with you no one will say she does wrong. Thirdly : you yourselves can not say she does wrong. You must see her rob your children of their clothing, snatch the bread from their mouths, blind and curse them with ignorance, turn them out into the winter and the storm must see all this, and still think she is doing right, fold up your arms, shut your eyes and say nothing. Again : no people no christian people no peo- pie, whether savage, barbarous or christian has the right to reject measures which elevate the masses, or improve the condition of the poor. This power is the great friend of the poor. She makes the poor man rich, and the richman richer. Sbo is the great lev eler, but always levels up never levels down ele vates poverty without depressing wealth. Perhaps poverty is no evil; perhaps the ignorant poor are nothing. Let us see about it. The world says they are nothing has said tt for six thousand years. The world must be believed.. Let us believe it agree with the world that they are nothing have done with argu ment let death decide it. See death how he seiz es all. classes and. conditions of hien, slays them, throws them together, strips the worldly gear from their backs, and lays tbem in one bed ! Death de cides it. He is impartial, uses all men alike, rsQron ger than argument the ignorant poor are something. Yet no one speaks for them, no one cares for them but death death and - darkness.' Death cares for them. He stills the . rage of their hunger, hushes their stormy hearts, takes from them their rags, wraps them in their own garments, and lets them down upon the bosom of the earth the sweet moth er of mankind and leaves them there to God. Death cares for them. Darkness night cares for thern. She hides them in her solitary caves; visits them in their lonely prisons, bars out the sunshine which sees their nakedness and their shame, and throws around them the: gloom of her own garments, when ' hunted to death by the law." Darkness cares for them death cares for them death and darkness care for them. Oh ! darkness. Night Titanic, unburn giantess, who doth gather all nations under thy far-reaching, impal pablewings, and dost hover over them as still and silent as the grave! what do the. ignorant poor of this world suffer what do they suffer North,"" South, East arid West in Europe, Asia, Africa America what are they suffering in Ireland, where'the dying feed upon the dead, where death -slays faster than time'ean bury, heaps up the slain by the way-side, while the sun pours his hot darkvenrance downi filling the air with the vapors of .destruction like a cloud, giving teeth to the jaws of pestilence and tem per to h!5 tremendous sword ! There is another pow er that caresrr'them tttis great, this mighty power', which you are. about to "receive within, or reject from your borders. : You are called pn to make way for this power, to build a road. for her to the great west, whither may emigrate the poor and the destitute from every, quarter; where your sous may. go and settle, whether .they are doctors, lawyers, farmers or me chanics. ' m'v.-.-.-, . - ' Why do your sons go South ? Because they can not live here. But do they live there? Every pa per announces the death of some one from North Every pa-) Carolina, in" the siekly -climate of the South-western States. Mobile,; New- Orleans and "all the South western Cities,' are fulj- of young men .from . this State. But how few of them ever return ! " Disease, death and poverty prevent " it:" Poverty,' 1 say, for but few -of them grow riclu j And ' why do ' not the young become rich' among 8trarters? vIt takes terj years to establish a reputation and character; and by that time they dieNo man should leave liis owrf State or.his c.tfunryriT'lie. can. avpidlu.lt takes a long time to establish thar interest in thearis o grangers, wlucb: exists, for is - whre we were borii and raised where toe aiTectipns, feelings and.inter ests'of all begin frm Jth'e cra'dle, grow: up arid inter weave themsel ves -together "sehtimehf Jbyentiment;' thought by ' thought; ' passion oy lpassioh,mind oy mind, hfeart b heart, soul by soul. But why, again I ask,, do the young leave North Carolina, to die in tbe South-western States amidst strangers, : Span ards. alligators,' the yellow ' fever, debauchery and crime ? Why jdo , they . leave ? Their own State, their own mother, drives them away : , Shesays to them," I am poof . and naked., and trrowinsr poorer : ,1 hve an abundance of rich! land and a healthy clim- ate; oui ao not settle on mat land, it has no market. V our crop will rot on the field where it is grown. Your harvests shall profit you nothing. Your cattle may roam upon a thousand hills, but they shall yield you a scanty subsistence ; yon cannot exchange, them for those comforts and luxuries which thfr-wants of civilized and enlightened men require ; 'therefore, begone ! I command you, at the peril of yonr lives, leave tpe land or yoar forefathers. . xour torefetuers were a different rac.e'of men from this generation Oh, how different !, They hewed dpwa the dark forest, drove bck the savage, broke the ariri at, fy .ranny in pieces, built (rities towns andvjJageg, esi.. tablished freedom for.tiierfTjjofiriiy nd.9 glorious .name, forever." WJat. noble rheri were'.they I - What faith, what patience, what endurance, what patriot ism! They acted not for themselves, they acted for posterity lived, fought, 'died, poured out their blood for them. V;But they, were a different race of men from this generation, says your common mother, your good old State, " a different race of men oh, how different! They did every thing they could for their children ye do' nothing.. They, built up ye tear down. T"ey. walked the earth like giants of mighty thought and mighty action, and the earth was proud of their tread. Ye walk like men on . crutches or with the gout. They covered my brow with jewels ; will ye cover it with shame ? I was mighty in their day, I am weak in yours.", Thus speaks North Carolina to the men of this generation ; and she says this to you ': "' Devise ways and means to elevate me to that rarikj position and wealth to which my resources entitfe me amonsr other States, or I swear by the blood of your forefathers, and by their good name, which shall exist forever, I will reduce you to such extremities of poverty and wretchedness, thatyour torments shall be greater, greater than you can Dear. COT fON SLAVER Y, &c. We invite the attention of our readers to the fol i i l i .i. : - c.... rv appiy wiui equat lurce to wis ouiie. uur people, we are glad to find, are going into the Cotton Manu facture, with a hearty good will with the determina tion to produce their own fabrics out of their own raw material, and thus at the same time to relieve them- ; selves, to this extent at least, from their dependence j nn N . FaetoriftS. The Hraid' urtiidr, is wll will materially affect the purchases, sales, shipments, and estimates of merchants and planters throughout the country. Our importing houses are, perhaps, now realizing some advantage from it, in enlarged orders ot goods for the Southern retail trade ; for according to the price of cotton the planter graduates his con sumption of imported articles, and makes his local advance or investments, governing the purchases of his neighborhood. An advance of a halfpenny per pound upon cotton, is not, therefore, confined in its advantages or influences to those dealers wits large supplies on band, but affects all our commercial and industrial operations affects the labor of the girl who fulfils her fourteen hours per day in the factories of the Merrnnac, and rules the allowance of pin-money of the belle of Broadway. It enlivens the song of the driver on the Erie canal, and sends Jack a dav earlier on board ship at Mobile. It operates on the exchanges in Wall street, and its ripples extend into ! the heart of the mountains, and the workmen in the uudi hi intra irci its cucuu utiui e iiiuj maru me cause. It rules the investments of the planter the value of his property the capacities of his credit and affects the banks and public works of his Stale. Such are the influences of the price of cotton in Liverpool, and such the effects, to same extent, of the advance of a halfpenny per pound. But the cotton trade opens a wider field of view than the mere temporary fluctuations of the market. The raw material is the great staple of ourexports the manufacture of the article is a prime source of the subsistence, wealth, and power of Great Britain. The exchanges of cotton between the two countries, make the bonds of peace between them the bonds of inter est. , It was the cotton trade which settled thieNorth eastern boundary and the. Oregon question, and will, doubtless, secure another compromise in the Nica ragua, controversy. Such are its effects upon the in ternational relations and commercial and maratime in terests between the two controlling commercial and maratime powers of the earth. , .The introduction of steam, into, ocean navigation has given a new impetus to the cotton trade, and is rapidly extending it in every ' quarter of the. world. The exports of manufactured goods from Great Bri tain are increasing in the" ratio of the increase of the population of her colonies, and with the demands of the hew markets opening in every inhabited corner; The fields of. snow-white cotton which a year ago the traveller ad mired, as he ascended the Mississippi, near Baton Rouge, will, by the next season, have undergone some curious transits' and transformations. It will have crossed the. Atlantic, passed through the mills of Manchester, and .will have traversed, " a tour du monde," the sinuosities of the exploring ex pedition. The almond-eyed women of China, the convicts of Botany Bay, the cannibals of -New Zea land, the dusky Queen of Tahiti, and the sun-burnt gold digger on the Sacramento, might be traced out as the wearers and consumers of the crop of that plantation at Baton Rouge. With the opening of the communications over the isthmuses of Panama, Ni caragua and Thuantepec, our domestic .manufactur ers will reap the largest benefits, and enter, on more equal ground, the competition with the mills of Man Chester ; with the completion of the contimentaLrail road to San Francisco, the bulk of trade will be ours. In the meantime the demand for. the raw material in England has increased beyond all anticipations. The free trade system of Sir Robert Peel, tho good crops of the last two - years in .Great Britain, and the resulting comparative cheapness of provisions, have contributed, with the opening of new markets and the increased consumption -of cotton- goods every wherer to render the demand for the ra w article fully equal to the most bountiful crops of the last two; years. From the best exhibits and estimates, it appears that the ootton crop of the current year cannot exceed : For the United States j -.K . - 2,300,000 bales. Estimate of imports to Liverpool from i : e. I .1 1 ... .t Brazil s ; ; ' i ' 100,100 Peruvian do : - - -1,896 West India, Carthagena, &c ' - 4,162 East India do Stock on hand in Great Britain, Dec 31, 1848. 500,000 J 4 h v Total,' ' ; -; ' 3,100,000 5 f " EsrrivrATrrjr Webelt Coxscmptiow:1 ' In AeiUnifeir.itate;'' fc V ' 6ale Exports to other copntiriei, excepting G.iv' ' ; Britain.4 : J f ' ' ' '11,105 Weekly exports from 'Great Britain 3,987? f' w Weekly consumption of Great Britain" 32,032": 'I ' Total weekly consumption' te":f ?;8,W Equal to an anrfual consumptrpif of . 3057,239 if "i Estimated total of raw material ' ' ' 3j 1 00,000 - l .;".c. V;' .-1 Surplus, f "42,712 a? - But if is probable that theriupplies i -will bfr tvieh larger than his,ss we have imadeVvery liberal estP mate for consumption; and very moderate estimate for production, v Within the last year numerous fad tones have-been eretrtftd end ptrttri dpeiat?dr,an(are m coursa of completion, North' and 'South; ifldih'e State Df Georgia; from having been almost exclusive ly agricultural, bids fait to become,! ra a few years, second only to-Massachusetts m tbe cossurnption of cotton in her factories; - Georgia and the cotton pro ducing States haVtf all the facilities for success ful competition with New EnglandL : Thecostsof trans porta tion are probably one cent perpoomd to tbe disad vantage of the latter in. the raw arjicle.'1 - The mills of the South, by water power, may be worked all th year, round, and the costs of fuel and nrovisidns are less than in the rigid. climate, T the : orth. ' From the great success of the Georgia mill, it may safely be. assumed that their profits support our conclusions even a Mo wi nrr Mrnl 1H cmiels vfafsorY-trtotcr fea lnm) is hJgtierthan irr New England This success of the Georgia mills is giving an impulse to the whole' South, which pronrises to become more' formidable ia the New' England lactones tharr tin? looms of Man chester. As the mills in the South multiply,"the home market of tbe Northern marrafactories is in.va-' ded, the ultimate; .result of which must be to drive then to the support of free trade wijh tbe world a large. ". - . ? , - ' . j The increasing demand for the raw mafenaf, now1 ever, is the feature of the most satisfactory complex ion to theSouth. The main dependence of the cot ton trade is upon the product of our Southern States' l he demand henceforth will be'equal to their amples t capacity of production. The nnparalleled increase- of our population, the wants of our new" territories, on the Pacific, the growing demand for cotton goods, the world over, the surprising effects of steam navig; ation in creating these increased demands, insure the great staple of the South good prices for tbe future' The question of slavery, in this connection.' be comes a matter of the first consequence. It is proved that the African race in no other quarter of the world" runner no oiner system oi government, possess a tube yi or ne comions and contentment ot the slaves of our I V.' . Southern States. Colonization, if nossible. would be of no advantage to them, however advantageous to the white race. Emancipation without coloniza tion would be hazardous to both. The Hill Coolie system of Great Britain, in the West Indies, is a great failure. The two races cannot exist together,"! oil terms of equality ; and the experience of two bun dred years has proved that tne relation of master and slave is the best, where tbe two races must exist oil the same soil; The white race would be unequal to the task of raising cotton the climate and the labor in the sun is adapted to the black. In any relatori. they must continue the producers of the raw materia! and the constant demands of the factories' will not admit of any abolition experiments which might re- suit in casting out millions of white operatives io starve. The system of slavery, then, as it exists in the South, has the interests of the North and of Great Britain committed to its support, and the Southern States, in the single article of cotton bales, have a rampart of protection as firm as the bulwarks of the hero of New Orleans. With the introduction of manufactures their dependence upon New England and Manchester ceases; and it is evident that the South is fully aware of the advantages. ' " From all this, it is manifest that the prosperity of the South is secured, and musT advance '; that it is identified with the existing system of slavery X and that the extent and necessities of the cotton trade se cure it against any hazardous assault. With this balance of trade, the South possesses an element con trolling the balance of power." The Fkekcttmak Overboard". We hoard a good story the other day of a Frenchman who came vefy near committing involuntary suicide by drowning himself in the Ohio. That classic stream has lately been very low, there only being sufficient water to permit the passage of very small-sized boats. On one of these a Frenchman, just arrived from la belle France, and consequently ignorant of manners and customs on Western steamboats, had taken passage from Pittsburg to New Orleans. The water was very low, the steam very contracted, and . the bars very frequent. . Every few miles the boat would gel hard aground on one of these impediments, while its passengers would be annoyed by 'the s'rglit of more fortunate pedestrians, wading from Kentucky to Ohio, or vice versa. One day the boat as nsuaj struck on a bar, where she'seemed likely to be a per manent fixture until the next spring freshet should float her off. After many expedients hacf been tried in vain to move her from her position, the "pilot said to the passengers who were on the hurricane deck; "Now, gentlemen, all run forward at once, and I think she'll go over just as easy as falling off a' log.' Accordingly all started off as 'if they wsre running for a wager, and our Frenchman, without exactly knowing why, but having. an indistinct notion that something was wrong, not only followed their exam ple, but soon outstripped the rest. Just af fliis moK ment, some malicious Individual 'called out, Jumpi jump," which words the Frenchman happened "tdjin- derstahd. So. instead of stopping where the others did, to the astonishment of every bodyi he threw him Self lieadlon? into the river. A vawl was immedi ately lowered, and the poor Frenchman was rescued front his perilous position, without having sustained any injury except a thorough wetting, and a good fright. As soon as he could speak, he said, with an expression of anger, which, .taken in connection with his words, Was rather ludicrous ' -.' , " Vat you mean by say jump, jump.' ?, ,'You.tell me to jump, and your damn -boat no blow up at all. and I get one ducking for nothing, eh !" , " . r.- r .? ".P- Picayune. The EtEPiiANT of the Whigs. .The following article from the York (Pa.) Gazette is one C the most-, amusing and capital applications of tha day. Most of those who desire "to see the elephant 'frean disappointment for their pain3 but no;ase of jthe kind is half so flagrant. -as that of the .Whigs apd their "mere soldier" President r. irr4. i,-w,t r "This thing of having a President,1 when you 1m ve nomse for him, and when he -costs- you political lyi, more than he comes-to, Is not what it is cracked up to be. The man of whom the Ldndori Punch tells the following story,- no doubt thought, when Jue took a chance in- the raffle for an elephant, that 'it would be a very fine thing to win so large apprize.'" He, like the Whigs when practicing al I . manner of ' deception to elect Gen. Taylor, probably never dreame-bf the perplexities that might follow 'success. c' 1 ' 4 , 4J,unchs story is as follows ... ,, . ..;,,,.jv v Once on a time there was a gentleman who won an elephant. in a raffle. v T 'i.t'. t i-r.U : -.-it It was a. very fine elephant, and 'very cheap at jhe price the gentleman paid for his chance. : o ;But the gentleman had no place .to put it In. 5 : -Nobody would take it off his hands.-" '-' t He couldn't afford to feed it." ' - He was afraid of the -lawf he turned it foose'in the streets. f ,,-,rifi "?i - He was'too humane to7 let it starve.' ,:,'T r- He wa afraid to sheot it.- 'T i Irt short, he was In a perplexity Very iiatorat t&K mar did withiis elepliant.-tf he aUernp'ted.to malip ihe mbstpf him by arivirTg'nim Jlirdugh the country as'a showwefiope hte .Succeedeetterthan the Wnigs have done in their 'efforts, to' putAcir hard bargain, to some use. Findin tifm 6n their linds, and vood fcf n&thingjils thaHie, won ldnswerUratoto, travel 4broue(r the country Just before. elecUons,apd. r,casup)argf h raajerities, -c ;' r;i;.Vaa&iiftl if?bi They tried, that but,, good gW.uV?? t 4pc returns !