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The North-Carolina standard. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 1834-1850, November 21, 1849, Image 1

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Volume XVI.
-f jobtbCauouijca Stakdad is published week-
4t Three Dollars per annum, payable in advance. In
astance will the paper be sept, unless the money, for
f same shall accempany the order. Subscribers, -and
Lts, who may wish to send money to the Editor, can
fjjt all times, by Mail and at his riski,. Receipts for
Jguni3 will be promptly transmitted.
dtehtiskmkxts not exceeding fourteen lines,'willbe
ruerted one time for one dollar, and twenty-five cents for
subsequent insertion ; those of greater length in pro--ajtion.
Court Orders and Judicial Advertisements will
Jged twenty-five per cent, higher than, the above
tes. A reasonable deduction will be made to those who
jrtisebythc year.-' : .' :r i .. ,-
Letters to the Editor must come free of postage.
Remarks of J. IioVejoyj. Esq.
fok'vered bcforef7iZ Wake. Cowafv Internal rjoiprove-
Association. . - .
I do not think I can interest this audience, fori
tnovr but little with respect to the subject, upon
which 1 have Deen requeaiea 10 speaK. i nave' not
" . i ii
much aooui u, nor nave i generally aiienaea your
meeungs. 1 Know noming 01 racis in regara 10 ran
mads. 1 only Know, that rail roads and steam have
neat power to build up, and great power to destroy
i State. And I know that you have a glorious terri
ury, the inheritance of your. forefathers, which ,is to
niinp.l or im Droved bv this Dower. Look at this
territory, North, Sooth, East ana West. In the East,
there is the finest land in the world, intersected by
navigable rivers. There are rich mines in other parts.
Look at this territory in the West. . Nature has de
Died it only one advantage, a communication by water
rith the marts of commerce; while in all other re-
nects, the evidence of sreography, land,' water, fire
md frost declare it to be unrivalled on the face of the
lobe for the habitation of man. Its latitude is be-
tween thirty-four and thirty-seven, which, is the best
ror health, sufficiently removed irom the raging dis
eases of the torrid zone, and the terrific consumption
of the North. The same latitude west of N orth Car
ina, brings you to the unhealthy valley of the Ten
nessee and Cumberland rivers ; next the unhealthy
alley of the Arkansas, which reaches to the sandy
jlains of Mexico ; then the Pacific Ocean ; next the
j)esert of Cobi in Asia, extending to the barren
fountains in Turkey ; then the Mediterranean Sea,
!ne desert countries in the North of Africa, and the
Sirocco swept capes of the South of Europe; next the
Atlantic Ocean, then the Eastern part of North Car
liru, which is also unhealthy, and lastly to the
sand ridge upon which is situated the city of Raleigh.
Thus do we see, that land, seas, oceans, mountains,
iwamps and deserts show, that Western North Car
olina is the only great country in the same latitude,
which can be safely inhabited, if health is considered
sf any advantage. And yet all observation and ex
perience, all writers on the subject, affirm that the
belt of land between thirty-four and thirty-seven, is
the healthiest section of the earth, unless local causes
of an unhealthy nature intervene. If you go South
of this, you have too much heat ; if you go North,
too have too much frost. Consequently, the testi
"monv of frost and fire also prove not only that the
'anperature of that country is the most agreeable, in
the world, but that coia ana neai are so nappiiy pro- i
portioned as to produce all the grains, fruits and
rotables, of more Northern and Southern climes.
' Wheat, rye, oats, barley, buckwheat and all the veg
1 tables of the North are there. Rice, cotton, tobacco,
I... . - . i - . I o 1
Indian corn, the sweet poiaioe peculiar 10 me ooum,
ud all its delicious fruits, are. there. It abounds in
inepastures, meadows, hills and mountains for graz
Lur. There you can produce the fine merino wool of
Spain, the rich, sleek cattle of New England and the
aiddle States and all kinds of stock, in the greatest
ibandance and greatest perfection. There is every
iing to please the ear and the eye. Brooks, rivers,
sireet sounding streams, valleys, hills, mountains,
peasant landscapes and flowery fields are there. God
ia made it the garden, the Eden of the world, and
till you not enjoy it I
Will you, or will you not, construct a rail road to
-Ms remarkable territory, is the question now sub
Bitted to your consideration? a question vast in its
consequences, not only to you, but also to your pos
frity. If you decide against this road, your decision
must be final final for one hundred years forever.
Yonr most able men believe that you never can build
'Ms road, if the present attempt is a failure. For
should the State continue her proposition, poverty
will forbid all action hereafter in regard to the subject.
Vorth Carolina is not growing rich, but is every day
'rowincr poorer. No one will say that capital is
towing into this State, while every one knows it is 1
rapidly going oot. that the decrease of her capital
by emigration is erreater than its increase. Texas,
Florida, Mississippi, Alabama and all the South
Western States, swarm with enterprising men, and
abound in riches which have gone from North Caro
lina. J. hen. whv should vou nut off this business.
and reject the proposition which has been offered by
ne state f Do you think you have not the means J
If you are not able how to build this road, when will
yon be? Will it be five or ten years hence will it
be when other States shall have drained you of your
vealih, and swept all enterprise and intelligence from
jour borders ? Will procrastination brighten the
future, or add new energy to your hands ? The fu
ture holds out no hopes, no inducements, no expec
tations. All is dark and gloomy, and growing darker.
Notllincr snpabs fnr rTptav. hut pirv ihinrr fnr wift
! ---, rw -. j t - - - r
fttisrre measures. The Stateis rapidly diminishing
III Wealth nnrl nnwnr nn man ran Aptw it. all th intra
affirm, it your waste lands, which stretch far and
fide, once bright with life and cultivation, now bar
jen and desolate, assert it true. The bills and val
eJ8i brooks and rivers, the very .trees and. stones,
wuld they speak, would cry out and swear it true.
Then, why delay this subject? Should you see a
i tan Maoj;.. "j i .1.1 itv u:
Me ebbed out, before yoa. bound up. the wound?
ouU you sit down contented, and think him grow
In2 stronger, until his eyes were dim, hs Hps pale,
Wil he staggered and sunk down at your feet, and
"en stanch the blood ? Your great men say. North
Carolina is in this condition. Her resources are
asting away, she is growing weaker, is bleeding ;
constant emigration which has been going on for
past fifteen years, has opened the sluices, to her
er- Men have learned that labor is three times more
Pebble in the South Western States, than it is upon
barren sand ridges, that run through the middle
"North Carolina. So strongly have they been im
pressed with, this idea, that many have sold 'their
"tins. 9nt C..U .lllixnxk XA DlAlrrTi on1
Uiston road passed their very doors. Now, the fall-
this road will increase emigration a hundred
',for fail it must, we are told, unless the central
is built. But how will this vent increase em
jation ? I answer, the Gaston road has taught men,
J to have enjoyed its advantages the vast difference
jtaeen the carrying of produce-by fire, and the car
ing it by horses. ' Fire charges them one-ninth of
7?" "op, to carry it the distance of two hundred
?jle; horses charge them one-third Now. if xnen
- wia their land, and lett the State,, wno were
?lving the benefits of this 5road, what yrill thrft
e class of men do when this road goes" down?
?e eTent will nnmoiiriAn Hom lilro . cttnrm : it will
yw them : thev cannot move. They . must com-
Tjce buying horses and wagons, for,what ;to trans-
- ieir produce tocPetersbafgl' IN o, to carry tneir
rhig will take place all along the Gaston road, and 1
we bitter of a thing,, until he has tasted it... De-
8 and he quickly finds there is something want-
ed there is a gap somewhere ; what is it, where is
it ? i ..The Ilaleigtr- and Gaston toad has gone down.
Has it, has it, he exclaims ! perhaps this is only a
mistake. ' 'Truth, at length asserts the fact, it has gone
down -This man is at first half crazy, like a drunk
ard deprived of his dram. He almost swears at him
self, and at the State, blarnes himself, blames every
thing, wishes himself and the State at the bottom of
the sea. At last, comes" sober reflection, what am I
to do, whither am f to' turn ? He turns to his wife ;
he tells her he suddenly finds his produce worth noth
ing, that they cannot live; the children cannoCbe ed
ucated. Of course, the prudent wise, woman calms
his passion, stills his temper, advises him to sell the
home of his fathers, and leave the land of his birth.
He does it, but he does it sadly, and with deep regret.
.These will be your feelings, ye citizens of Raleigh,
if this, road goes down. . Ye may not curse but you
will be. sorely Vexed.. You may allege that the far
mers "who leave this country, will sell their rand to
others ; consequently no. change will take place, save
that of possession : but in this you are sadly mista
.kery sadly in, an error. : There am but two. things
which give value to land, situation and fertility. If
land is fertile and near a good market, it is very high;
if it is fertile, and far distant from market, it is 'very
low ; if it has neither of these advantages, it is worth
comparatively .nothing. Now if the Gaston road
goes down, the land of Wake County will be worth
almost nothing, for it will have neither of those qual
ities which give value to land. -.
Who then will purchase this land will they be
men of enterprise, men who care to improve them
selves or others ? No, they will be men, who care
for nothing but to live, and who will be contented to
live upon the spontaneous productions of the earth.
You may think to leave this business for the next
generation -may say let us take care of ourselves
let those who come hereafter do the same. You have
no right to do this. Had your forefathers acted upon
this principle, you would now be grinding the axe of
tyrants, to sever your own necks, and forging chains
to bind and gall your own ankles. How mean, how
barren is the idea of acting only for self ! The
hours of existence belong' not to self, but rather
to posterity and to God. What is the value of. one
man. or one generation of men, when compared with
the establishing of a great principle, which shall
reach through the hearts of a thousand generations,
bracing the soul to virtue, and raising it to that noble
destiny which the laws of Nature intend it shall
attain ? A generation of men that acts entirely for
sell, is ot no more vaiue man a generation 01 trees ;
it is less so, for the tree leaves its kind in the earth
and Nature the same as it found ber; while a peo
ple who act entirely for self, leave behind them des
olation and darkness. They have not left Nature as
they found her; they have been a dead weight upon
the world, ana urawn 11 oacKwaras.ana iney aeserve
the curses, and not the blessing of posterity. Beast,
bird, fish, insect, reptile have a higher value, a more
noble dignity in the universe, than that people who
consult for nothing but the interest of their own gen-
- f i - .
eration ; tor tne lormer leave ineir species unimpaired,
while the latter attempt to degrade Nature, strike at
her heart, hack and hew at her limbs, and divest her
of her noble proportions, by reducing their own chil
dren to dwarfs and pigmies.
Were all beings influenced by that dark and nar
row despotism, which subjects all action to self-in-teiest,
society must first suddenly come to a stand,
then go backward, and lastly perish. God must
stand still, for he works for the universe ; the sun, the
moon, and the stars must stand still, for they move by
God, reflecting his power and his glory. There
could be but one hand upon the face of time, destruc
tion but one movement in the universe, death.
Leave this business to posterity ! the very idea is un
natural, unmanly, degrading. Besides, your poster
ity will not be here. Other btates will have your
children : for be assured, be assured, if the Gaston
road goes down, the broom of emigration will sweep
with a powerful and mighty hand. All the wealth
and intelligence will leave your county, and this
part of the State. You must see the wealth leave
your city, and go to other places of more comforts
and greater conveniencies. You must see all your
merchants and mechanics depart, who are able. All
of you who are young and vigorous and can depart,
will do so. But many of you cannot leave you
have not the means, you have families; and women
and children, without money, are fixtures ; they grow
to one spot like trees. I mean no direspect to the
wife and children they are round our hearts like
sunshine round a cloud ; we would die for them ; dy
ing is nothing, we would be slain a thousand times,
to save them. But I mean to say, can a man who
has a family take them up at any moment, and move
where he pleases like a young man who has no fam
ily i Who changes his situation as fortune chan
ges, and varies his pathway like the winds of Heav
en? He it is whom destiny favors he it is to whom
fortune reaches out her hand. He has the unbroken
heart; the elastic step, strong faith, endurance and
the indomitable will are his ; and his imagination
makes, the far-off to come all brightness and sun
shine. He is unincumbered, fetterless, free as the
wild wind. He throws himself into the great world
race, and outruns the world. The world cannot keep
its eye upon him, he is out of sight in a moment,
crying this way, this way oh ' world, the goal is
before ! All these will leave your city, your coun
ty and this part of the State. But many of you are
past the meridian Jine of life ; you do not love to leave
the land of. your childhood. Your grand-fathers,
your grand-mother v your fathers and your mohers,
lived and died here. Old associations wrap them
selves around you like a garment, and cling to your
hearts like a ghost to the ruin it haunts. If you
start to go away, Time bids you stop, shows you his
scythe ready to cut you down, points to your gray
hairs, points to the graves of your fathers, makes the
future-all fear and darkness, and " beds the far-off to
come with fire." Your feet are upon that section of life
where the shadows of ag darkly fall, and the sun of
existence begins to go down; your limbs begin to
lose their strength, and your knees their swiftness,
and the bounding energy of youth is gone. You are
climbing the thunder-stricken hill of time and death;
Now here you must stay, because youare afraid to go,
And ye who have not the means must stay, because
you cannot go. Here must you linger out your days,
amidst the dark-crowdin troubles that 4eSet you,
must see the young and the strong depart, and all
.wealth and enterprise quit your capital must see
your houses decay, your city dwindle to nothing
the place where you were born and raised, that place,
above all others, the' most saered to the soul God
has made it so, and has rooted it in the heart, as strong
as death, as deep as eternity. , .
Ye citizens 'of Kaleigh, it seems to me that a
great danger threatens you ! that a fearful enemy is
about to strike, and to strike fatally. And will you
devise no -means to avert this dangerwill ye besi
late to give the sum of seventy.fi ve, or a hundred
thousand dollars, to avert it?. Were a hostile foe
upon your borders,' would you sit in your houses until
your throats were cut upon your own threshholds, or
would you go ouf, and meet the enemy in the open
field, and pour out your blood liko meal, Now which
is the worst, to be killed by the quick rapid strokes
of battle, or to die the' still, slow,. horrible, death by
lingering consumption? Were it left to me, I would
choosewar doubly dark, rather tha'h endure the tor
ments of a monster,. :that . kills ny years 01 wnurv,
The bloody footsteps of War are washed out by the
next morning's dew, and the ' thunders of his march
like iha voice of the retiring storm. I" He
strikes the heart and- it is coldV But hero is ir dan
ger, which threatens to-rust into-your hearts, to eat
you tip inch by inch, sine by sinew, bona by bone,
imb, by limb, joint by joint. mWUI any one: bring up
the imbecility of the Raleigh and Gastpnroad against
this'project ? ' That is no test, ho argument, no evi
dence. 'It liesiike a dead giant, iimbless,-poVerlesS,
nerveless, between 4 swam pi on the one baqd,anda
sand bank on the, other. fVAr ie-re -large dues, at;
either terininus,'to give impetus. to travel ? ,M Are there
rich productive back countries, to ioaa ine wains wun
produce? No: they come empty, and go empty,
The very engines eem vexed, that they are doing
nothing for the world. 'Instead of rushing along from
twenty to thirty miles per hour, as they do in other
.States, here they, limp along, stop, hesitate, consider.
Consider ! . What do they consider? . They consider
whether they shall run into a sand hank or a swamp.
Nature is angry that she is so treated and outraged.
Nature loves all, works for tall, shines, rains, burns,
freezes, thunders and lightens for all. Nature is not
to blame for the freaks of the Raleigh and Gaston
road, but they are to blame who attempted to pen her
vp in so horrible and monstrous a manner. But if,
this other road is builtv running through the Ca pi -
tajls ot a dozenfetates, through the heart of a mighty folded up their arms and saw her star go down. But
empire, attracting to itself all the. travel which must j God saw it go down God saw it. And be sees the
necessarily pass through such an empire, then will ' plains of Hungary all stained and black with-the
nature woric, then will she have fair play, then will : blood and limbs of his children . But does God sleep?
she show you her hand. ' Her giants, her steed of Iras God forgotten the -Earth shall- injustice and
fire, will move through yourState, like a whirl wind, jvrong triumph forever?, No:, for every drop of blood
casting off with the rapidity of lightning before your spilled. upon jbefieldsof Hungary, an armed warrior
doors, the bounties ot all climates, the treasures of sjtall rise up-Lmillioas , shall Ujere-cpni forthv who
the-wbrld, diffusing wealth; prosperity SndtiappinesS;strali pour out the anger of God upon Europe like a
around. On tbe other hand," if you sit here and do 1 devouring fire, hurl the. bolts of bis destruction, all
nothing, stand 8uU with your hands in your pockets,
while other States are up and doing, and drawing their ,
lines of rail road around you, then must they increase, !
you must decrease; they must drain you of your sub-'
stance, and eat out your very vitals,' must become
great, powerful and intelligent, while you must be-j
come miserable, poor, wretched and naked. Great j
events sometimes take place in the world, which ,
bear society as far in a year, as it advanced before in j
centuries. Such have - been the discovery of thei
electro-telegraph, the art of printing, but more espe-
ciaiiy the propulsion ot machinery, py steam. . xsa-
stop short in their career of glory and renown.
uuug uiuqii avail biicuiacivco ui uiuac uiavuYt;iit;3 ui
Europe has appropriated them. She has become
famous and powerful. Asia has rejected them. She
is miserable and in darkness, blinded and dazzled by
the very beams which would have filled her empires
with JUe, beauty and splendor,
steam? It does wonders, and
out what does
brings important
events to pass. And will ye reject this power, drive
this giantess from your borders? Will you say to
her, we dislike your hoarse and troublesome voice?
our sleep, our tranquility shall not be disturbed by
?rour swift impetuous temper ; therefore begone and , the yellow broom. She will entice the young men I lowing sensible article from the New York Herald,
eave us to our slumbers! She says admit me with- j from your borders into her own territories, and add in reJiTt;on to the Cotton Trade, the South, and the
in your borders, and you shall sleep then, more than them to her other allies, and they are many. . All the i . . . e ct, ,-. ... , ,
now ; I will carry you five hundred miles per day, i States, North, West and South are hers; the whole j nsMu.f c-n. of Slavery. W hat the Herald says in re
and rock you to sleep in the mean time. When you ' world, the ocean, the elements, fire and water are ' gard to the .manufacture of Cotton in Ceorgiawill
wish to move, you shall not pass over horrible roads
in horrible hacks, drawn by jaded horses, whose!
swollen limbs and panting chests make you wish to
walk rather than ride. She says to you, go to sleep j
with your wives and children ; I shall never fail, !
never falter; I have feet of iron, lunhs of brass, and
HI nrA nil flMJL-innr oith . imnBtilnilQ anoft anil rfcict.
, ... ...... r "
less power. Go to sleep with your wives and chil
ilren. or Imvp them hp.hind : I will rarrv vnti fnr awav
to distant cities and return before they miss yon. I j must accumulate in a State, unless it use this power j worthy of perusal and consideration :
will do all your work myself. I will build uptowns, to defend itself against the same power existing in j "-The Cotton Tkade The South and the In
cities and villages wherever I go, even in desert ( other States, to prevent them from drawing her blood ; stitutiox of Slavery. Of the late intelligence from
places. Sleep, sleep on day and night, sleep on for-; and eating up her substance. This power seems to j Europe, the item of paramount importance to the
ever. Your old fields shall grow green with the , be a great friend, but is an enemy not to be endured, ' commercial world, is, the report of an advance upon
products of industry and labor. I will give the poor not to be trifled with : seems to out-devil the devil i cotton in Liverpool, of a halfpenny per pound. It
man prudence, economy and a strong heart, for 1 will
take his produce, which is worth comparatively noth-!
ing, and bring him back many, many comforts and
luxuries in return. The poor shall rejoice at my go-
ing and my coming, for I will feed their children,
clothfeO.bein, educate them, build theitf good houses !
for their bodies, and give peace, tranquility and sun-j
shine to their hearts. I will turn all your water falls ;
into mills and factories. Admit me within your bor-
ders, and you shall become great and powerful. I j
will do all this myself ; sleep, sleep on day and night,
sleep on forever. But this power says, if you admit
me not, I will awaken you with a start. I will tor
ment you with cold, hunger and famine. Your
State shall become a skeleton of dry bones and rock
ing joints. Capital shall leave your State. I will
drive your sons away to die in unhealthy climates,
your towns shall .waste away, you shall become
wretched, worse and worse shall grow your perplex
ities ; other States shall eat up your commerce, your
wealth shall be given to the cities of the North, your
ships shall rot in your harbors, and your seaports be
come the habitation of beggars and fishermen. A
gloom shall hang over the land, heavy and deep the
gloom of poverty and ignorance. Ignorance shall
walk up to your door as a neighbor, and claim ad
mittance shall tell your children they are his broth
ers and his sisters; that he will eat, drink and sleep
with them ; that he will lead them through caves of!
torl-neoc a nrl dona nf nrimet that he will blind them.
... . . ii- c i. J .... I
StriKO QUI intelligence iroui men eyes, mm iiav uui
the rose from their cheeks like lightning. The pro
pulsion of machinery by steam was the work of one
of our own countrymen. And by it, we have paid
Europe the debt we owed her, and more than paid
her; so that if we owe Europe much, she owes us
more. She has given us pleasant books ; we have
given her great principles of government, and the
useful arts. If the soul of her bards is here, the
spirit of Washington, the genius of Fulton and Morse
are there. It is the arm of Washington that strikes
on the plains of Hungary, Piedmont and Italy. Far
away by the rushing Potomac, the world's great Lib
erator sleeps, while his spirit is building up repub
lics on the banks of the Rhine and the Danube. . No
laboring vessel, "no weary sail carries out our priori
pies, our messages, and our love to the struggling
nations of Europe ; but the Queen of the deep goes
forth with them. Does she traverse does she sheer
off to suit the caprice of wind or wave? What cares
she for wind or wave?. She walks the ocean like a
tyrant, and ' dashes the billows from her side with
sftorn.' She laughs in the face of the tempest, and
her dark hot throat out-roars, dut-burns the thunder
and the storm which descend to devour her. up. She
goes to the wharves of Europe the bold swift mes
senger of the Eagle Republic proud of her strength
and'ber origin. Nor does her mission end here ; she
meets her sister of the land. The. two giantesses
shake hands and exchange friendly greetings. The
queen of the ocean delivers up to her sister her news,
her letters, and her message for the people of Eu
rope. She receives them and tarries not. She stops
not in the inarts of commerce, where the domes of
fower shoot heavenward, but strikes off for the in
and country, where the oppressed and care-worn poor
till the lands of wealthy lords and noble tyrants. And
she scatters all along her track, the sons, of Ameri
can Liberty, who teach the people their rights and
the foul wrongs which are done them. ' She throws
off her commands to ' the wires in every direction,
crying in her thunder-voice, write, . write, oh Light
ning "write the name of Washingtoa, Liberty, Amer
ica, upon every door, post in Europe! The genius
of Fulton and Morse is there. Away, away she
goes, North, South, East and West, through every
country in Europe casting her dark and fiery shadow
upon the brows of tyrants, and giving hope and oour-i
are to the oppressed.. This power is . the great re
generator, the great teacher of mankind. She teaches
man every thing, prudence, industry, economy, liter
ature, the arts and sciences. "She is changing the
face of society tearing" down old despotisms and
building up republics; ' And how is she doing this ?
She brings thousands, nay hundreds of thousands, of
the oppressed of Europe to the shores of America
yearly. She carries back their sentiments, their let
ters and their opinions, ' by which- Americarr princi
ples are planted all over Europe, and spring up de
sirous of retolutiott and armed. for war. i, The people
are begining to?.believe that they are not .cattle,
and their tyrants not Gods. The bit set hard in
fheirraouths, grow worse' and "worse." "The 'hand
that pulls those biis is flafehiag'with' diamonds. There
yeas' once an awe attached to that hand and a horror
at striking it ,pff. but, that ,has: departed.. For that
handis always cruel' and exacting, never gives bene
fits ever TstomfffavofsV bul always demands labor,
pain and bloods It may be asserted that the revolt
tioas of EuropernWerjriotthe expectations of Iree
dom. But What did Freedom expect ? Did he ex-
pect that one or two: revolutions, could burn out the
heart of tyranny from Europe that one or two rivers
j pf blood could wash out the deep dark .stain, which
I a thousand years of oppression,; have stamped upon
her brow ? Freedom expected ao such thiner. She
knows (that her, tree can: only grow. in. Europe from
the ; dustnd ashes of despotism; watered by the
blood and tears of her, children ; i that, it is a thing
of difficult culture and. requires, great Icare ' and pa
tience ; that its roots must, shoot deep and wide,
even to the heart of the earth, before the nations can
sit nuietlv under its shade, and trannuilitv nrevail in
. i ft . j -w -- J i
Europe. Kossuth has failed. Hungary has failed. The
; nations looked on and saw tire unequal struggle
death and lightning, until tyrarwiy backs out from
Europe, like the freezing darkness when the sun is
eclipsed, and the tree of Liberty is planted upon the
grave of despotism.
j. But to return to our own country : Will you reject
this power? Ye dare not do it. She bids you reject
her at your peril. She is strong to build up, strong
to. give life, but she is also strong to kill. You are
struggling with a great monster. She has her hand
on your throat, and bids you say no, if you dare.
Say it, say it, and she will strangle you by years of
torture. W rench at that hand ; it is iron. -. Wrench
at that hand i she is strong and you are weak. Wres
tle, struggle with her. She has feet of iron, limbs
of brass, sinews of steel and outstrips the storm in
her course. How will she destroy you ? She will
not be withinyour borders, will not go through them.
But as she passes them on her lightning track, she
; will stretch out her hand from the mountains to the
' sea-board, and tear your houses down, throw up your
' ships high and dry, to rot upon the sand, rain a blight
ing mildew upon the land, sow it with the dust, of
'. destruction, destroy your cultivated fields, turn them
: into deserts, and plant them in thorns, thistles and
hers. Your wealthy men shall go over to her side,
She will take the riches of those who stay, and give
them to her friends and suppor'ers, strip the very
clothes from their backs, snatch the bread from the
mouths of their children, blind and curse them with
poverty and ignorance
f To tliSs Ainr.tr rr is it truth? TVnt! t
is this lancy. or is it truth 5 I ruth i it is not halt
the reality. No imagination, however swift in flight
nr mirrKtu in pnprrru. rain nnint tlx tArrililp pvila which
himself In atrocity and cruelty, bhe takes from you
your clothing, snatches the food from your mou ths,
j blinds and curses your children or seduces them away
: and makes them work for herself; and yet she is not
' atrocious, nor is she cruel. She works for the world ;
her arms "are Iong,.and they require abroad sweep,
Can she prevent their passing over your State, tearing
your houses down and wasting your substance?
Your wealth, your produce, your youn? men run
after her. Is she to blame, or is the world to blame.
or is nature to blame, or is Fulton to blame, for arm
ing such a terrible monster against North Carolina?
Neither of those are to blame; but you are to blame,
it you reject her. and must suffer the consequences
of your folly. But you must remember, if you make
this power your enemy, there are three things which
make her different from all other enemies. First:
she can kill you while you have no weapon, nor can
have any, with which to defend yourselves, beconn
ly : no one will sympathize with you
no one will
say she does wrong. Thirdly : you yourselves can
not say she does wrong. You must see her rob your
children of their clothing, snatch the bread from their
mouths, blind and curse them with ignorance, turn
them out into the winter and the storm must see all
this, and still think she is doing right, fold up your
arms, shut your eyes and say nothing.
Again : no people no christian people no peo-
pie, whether savage, barbarous or christian has the
right to reject measures which elevate the masses, or
improve the condition of the poor. This power is
the great friend of the poor. She makes the poor man
rich, and the richman richer. Sbo is the great lev
eler, but always levels up never levels down ele
vates poverty without depressing wealth. Perhaps
poverty is no evil; perhaps the ignorant poor are
nothing. Let us see about it. The world says they
are nothing has said tt for six thousand years. The
world must be believed.. Let us believe it agree with
the world that they are nothing have done with argu
ment let death decide it. See death how he seiz
es all. classes and. conditions of hien, slays them,
throws them together, strips the worldly gear from
their backs, and lays tbem in one bed ! Death de
cides it. He is impartial, uses all men alike, rsQron
ger than argument the ignorant poor are something.
Yet no one speaks for them, no one cares for them
but death death and - darkness.' Death cares for
them. He stills the . rage of their hunger, hushes
their stormy hearts, takes from them their rags,
wraps them in their own garments, and lets them
down upon the bosom of the earth the sweet moth
er of mankind and leaves them there to God. Death
cares for them. Darkness night cares for thern. She
hides them in her solitary caves; visits them in their
lonely prisons, bars out the sunshine which sees their
nakedness and their shame, and throws around them
the: gloom of her own garments, when ' hunted to
death by the law." Darkness cares for them death
cares for them death and darkness care for them.
Oh ! darkness. Night Titanic, unburn giantess, who
doth gather all nations under thy far-reaching, impal
pablewings, and dost hover over them as still and
silent as the grave! what do the. ignorant poor of this
world suffer what do they suffer North,"" South,
East arid West in Europe, Asia, Africa America
what are they suffering in Ireland, where'the dying
feed upon the dead, where death -slays faster than
time'ean bury, heaps up the slain by the way-side,
while the sun pours his hot darkvenrance downi
filling the air with the vapors of .destruction like a
cloud, giving teeth to the jaws of pestilence and tem
per to h!5 tremendous sword ! There is another pow
er that caresrr'them tttis great, this mighty power',
which you are. about to "receive within, or reject from
your borders. : You are called pn to make way for
this power, to build a road. for her to the great west,
whither may emigrate the poor and the destitute from
every, quarter; where your sous may. go and settle,
whether .they are doctors, lawyers, farmers or me
chanics. ' m'v.-.-.-, . -
' Why do your sons go South ? Because they can
not live here. But do they live there? Every pa
per announces the death of some one from North
Every pa-)
Carolina, in" the siekly -climate of the South-western
States. Mobile,; New- Orleans and "all the South
western Cities,' are fulj- of young men .from . this
State. But how few of them ever return ! " Disease,
death and poverty prevent " it:" Poverty,' 1 say, for
but few -of them grow riclu j And ' why do ' not the
young become rich' among 8trarters? vIt takes terj
years to establish a reputation and character; and by
that time they dieNo man should leave liis owrf
State or.his c.tfunryriT'lie. can. avpidlu.lt takes a
long time to establish thar interest in thearis o
grangers, wlucb: exists, for is - whre we were borii
and raised where toe aiTectipns, feelings and.inter
ests'of all begin frm Jth'e cra'dle, grow: up arid inter
weave themsel ves -together "sehtimehf Jbyentiment;'
thought by ' thought; ' passion oy lpassioh,mind oy
mind, hfeart b heart, soul by soul. But why, again
I ask,, do the young leave North Carolina, to die in
tbe South-western States amidst strangers, : Span
ards. alligators,' the yellow ' fever, debauchery and
crime ? Why jdo , they . leave ? Their own State,
their own mother, drives them away : , Shesays to
them," I am poof . and naked., and trrowinsr poorer :
,1 hve an abundance of rich! land and a healthy clim-
ate; oui ao not settle on mat land, it has no market.
V our crop will rot on the field where it is grown.
Your harvests shall profit you nothing. Your cattle
may roam upon a thousand hills, but they shall yield
you a scanty subsistence ; yon cannot exchange, them
for those comforts and luxuries which thfr-wants of
civilized and enlightened men require ; 'therefore,
begone ! I command you, at the peril of yonr lives,
leave tpe land or yoar forefathers. . xour torefetuers
were a different rac.e'of men from this generation
Oh, how different !, They hewed dpwa the dark
forest, drove bck the savage, broke the ariri at, fy
.ranny in pieces, built (rities towns andvjJageg, esi..
tablished freedom for.tiierfTjjofiriiy nd.9 glorious
.name, forever." WJat. noble rheri were'.they I - What
faith, what patience, what endurance, what patriot
ism! They acted not for themselves, they acted for
posterity lived, fought, 'died, poured out their blood
for them. V;But they, were a different race of men
from this generation, says your common mother,
your good old State, " a different race of men oh,
how different! They did every thing they could for
their children ye do' nothing.. They, built up ye
tear down. T"ey. walked the earth like giants of
mighty thought and mighty action, and the earth
was proud of their tread. Ye walk like men on .
crutches or with the gout. They covered my brow
with jewels ; will ye cover it with shame ? I was
mighty in their day, I am weak in yours.", Thus
speaks North Carolina to the men of this generation ;
and she says this to you ': "' Devise ways and means to
elevate me to that rarikj position and wealth to which
my resources entitfe me amonsr other States, or I
swear by the blood of your forefathers, and by their
good name, which shall exist forever, I will reduce
you to such extremities of poverty and wretchedness,
thatyour torments shall be greater, greater than you
can Dear.
We invite the attention of our readers to the fol
i i l i .i. : - c.... rv
appiy wiui equat lurce to wis ouiie. uur people,
we are glad to find, are going into the Cotton Manu
facture, with a hearty good will with the determina
tion to produce their own fabrics out of their own raw
material, and thus at the same time to relieve them-
; selves, to this extent at least, from their dependence
j nn N . FaetoriftS. The Hraid' urtiidr, is wll
will materially affect the purchases, sales, shipments,
and estimates of merchants and planters throughout
the country. Our importing houses are, perhaps, now
realizing some advantage from it, in enlarged orders
ot goods for the Southern retail trade ; for according
to the price of cotton the planter graduates his con
sumption of imported articles, and makes his local
advance or investments, governing the purchases of
his neighborhood. An advance of a halfpenny per
pound upon cotton, is not, therefore, confined in its
advantages or influences to those dealers wits large
supplies on band, but affects all our commercial and
industrial operations affects the labor of the girl who
fulfils her fourteen hours per day in the factories of
the Merrnnac, and rules the allowance of pin-money
of the belle of Broadway. It enlivens the song of
the driver on the Erie canal, and sends Jack a dav
earlier on board ship at Mobile. It operates on the
exchanges in Wall street, and its ripples extend into
! the heart of the mountains, and the workmen in the
uudi hi intra irci its cucuu utiui e iiiuj maru me cause.
It rules the investments of the planter the value of
his property the capacities of his credit and affects
the banks and public works of his Stale. Such are
the influences of the price of cotton in Liverpool, and
such the effects, to same extent, of the advance of a
halfpenny per pound.
But the cotton trade opens a wider field of view
than the mere temporary fluctuations of the market.
The raw material is the great staple of ourexports
the manufacture of the article is a prime source of the
subsistence, wealth, and power of Great Britain. The
exchanges of cotton between the two countries, make
the bonds of peace between them the bonds of inter
est. , It was the cotton trade which settled thieNorth
eastern boundary and the. Oregon question, and will,
doubtless, secure another compromise in the Nica
ragua, controversy. Such are its effects upon the in
ternational relations and commercial and maratime in
terests between the two controlling commercial and
maratime powers of the earth. ,
.The introduction of steam, into, ocean navigation
has given a new impetus to the cotton trade, and is
rapidly extending it in every ' quarter of the. world.
The exports of manufactured goods from Great Bri
tain are increasing in the" ratio of the increase of the
population of her colonies, and with the demands of
the hew markets opening in every inhabited corner;
The fields of. snow-white cotton which a year ago
the traveller ad mired, as he ascended the Mississippi,
near Baton Rouge, will, by the next season, have
undergone some curious transits' and transformations.
It will have crossed the. Atlantic, passed through the
mills of Manchester, and .will have traversed, " a
tour du monde," the sinuosities of the exploring ex
pedition. The almond-eyed women of China, the
convicts of Botany Bay, the cannibals of -New Zea
land, the dusky Queen of Tahiti, and the sun-burnt
gold digger on the Sacramento, might be traced out
as the wearers and consumers of the crop of that
plantation at Baton Rouge. With the opening of the
communications over the isthmuses of Panama, Ni
caragua and Thuantepec, our domestic .manufactur
ers will reap the largest benefits, and enter, on more
equal ground, the competition with the mills of Man
Chester ; with the completion of the contimentaLrail
road to San Francisco, the bulk of trade will be ours.
In the meantime the demand for. the raw material
in England has increased beyond all anticipations.
The free trade system of Sir Robert Peel, tho good
crops of the last two - years in .Great Britain, and the
resulting comparative cheapness of provisions, have
contributed, with the opening of new markets and
the increased consumption -of cotton- goods every
wherer to render the demand for the ra w article fully
equal to the most bountiful crops of the last two; years.
From the best exhibits and estimates, it appears that
the ootton crop of the current year cannot exceed :
For the United States j -.K . - 2,300,000 bales.
Estimate of imports to Liverpool from
i : e. I .1 1 ... .t
Brazil s ; ; ' i ' 100,100
Peruvian do : - - -1,896
West India, Carthagena, &c '
- 4,162
East India do
Stock on hand in
Great Britain, Dec
31, 1848.
J 4 h v
Total,' ' ; -; ' 3,100,000
5 f " EsrrivrATrrjr Webelt Coxscmptiow:1 '
In AeiUnifeir.itate;'' fc V ' 6ale
Exports to other copntiriei, excepting G.iv' ' ;
Britain.4 : J f ' ' ' '11,105
Weekly exports from 'Great Britain 3,987? f' w
Weekly consumption of Great Britain" 32,032": 'I
' Total weekly consumption' te":f ?;8,W
Equal to an anrfual consumptrpif of . 3057,239 if "i
Estimated total of raw material ' ' ' 3j 1 00,000 -
l .;".c. V;'
f "42,712
- But if is probable that theriupplies i -will bfr tvieh
larger than his,ss we have imadeVvery liberal estP
mate for consumption; and very moderate estimate
for production, v Within the last year numerous fad
tones have-been eretrtftd end ptrttri dpeiat?dr,an(are
m coursa of completion, North' and 'South; ifldih'e
State Df Georgia; from having been almost exclusive
ly agricultural, bids fait to become,! ra a few years,
second only to-Massachusetts m tbe cossurnption of
cotton in her factories; - Georgia and the cotton pro
ducing States haVtf all the facilities for success ful
competition with New EnglandL : Thecostsof trans
porta tion are probably one cent perpoomd to tbe disad
vantage of the latter in. the raw arjicle.'1 - The mills
of the South, by water power, may be worked all th
year, round, and the costs of fuel and nrovisidns are
less than in the rigid. climate, T the : orth. ' From
the great success of the Georgia mill, it may safely
be. assumed that their profits support our conclusions
even a Mo wi nrr Mrnl 1H cmiels vfafsorY-trtotcr fea lnm)
is hJgtierthan irr New England This success of
the Georgia mills is giving an impulse to the whole'
South, which pronrises to become more' formidable ia
the New' England lactones tharr tin? looms of Man
chester. As the mills in the South multiply,"the
home market of tbe Northern marrafactories is in.va-'
ded, the ultimate; .result of which must be to drive
then to the support of free trade wijh tbe world a
large. ". - . ? , - ' . j
The increasing demand for the raw mafenaf, now1
ever, is the feature of the most satisfactory complex
ion to theSouth. The main dependence of the cot
ton trade is upon the product of our Southern States'
l he demand henceforth will be'equal to their amples t
capacity of production. The nnparalleled increase- of
our population, the wants of our new" territories, on
the Pacific, the growing demand for cotton goods,
the world over, the surprising effects of steam navig;
ation in creating these increased demands, insure the
great staple of the South good prices for tbe future'
The question of slavery, in this connection.' be
comes a matter of the first consequence. It is proved
that the African race in no other quarter of the world"
runner no oiner system oi government, possess a tube
yi or ne comions and contentment ot the slaves of our
I V.' .
Southern States. Colonization, if nossible. would
be of no advantage to them, however advantageous
to the white race. Emancipation without coloniza
tion would be hazardous to both. The Hill Coolie
system of Great Britain, in the West Indies, is a great
failure. The two races cannot exist together,"! oil
terms of equality ; and the experience of two bun
dred years has proved that tne relation of master and
slave is the best, where tbe two races must exist oil
the same soil; The white race would be unequal to
the task of raising cotton the climate and the labor
in the sun is adapted to the black. In any relatori.
they must continue the producers of the raw materia!
and the constant demands of the factories' will not
admit of any abolition experiments which might re-
suit in casting out millions of white operatives io
starve. The system of slavery, then, as it exists in
the South, has the interests of the North and of Great
Britain committed to its support, and the Southern
States, in the single article of cotton bales, have a
rampart of protection as firm as the bulwarks of the
hero of New Orleans. With the introduction of
manufactures their dependence upon New England
and Manchester ceases; and it is evident that the
South is fully aware of the advantages. ' "
From all this, it is manifest that the prosperity of
the South is secured, and musT advance '; that it is
identified with the existing system of slavery X and
that the extent and necessities of the cotton trade se
cure it against any hazardous assault. With this
balance of trade, the South possesses an element con
trolling the balance of power."
The Fkekcttmak Overboard". We hoard a good
story the other day of a Frenchman who came vefy
near committing involuntary suicide by drowning
himself in the Ohio. That classic stream has lately
been very low, there only being sufficient water to
permit the passage of very small-sized boats. On
one of these a Frenchman, just arrived from la belle
France, and consequently ignorant of manners and
customs on Western steamboats, had taken passage
from Pittsburg to New Orleans. The water was
very low, the steam very contracted, and . the bars
very frequent. . Every few miles the boat would gel
hard aground on one of these impediments, while
its passengers would be annoyed by 'the s'rglit of
more fortunate pedestrians, wading from Kentucky
to Ohio, or vice versa. One day the boat as nsuaj
struck on a bar, where she'seemed likely to be a per
manent fixture until the next spring freshet should
float her off. After many expedients hacf been tried
in vain to move her from her position, the "pilot said
to the passengers who were on the hurricane deck;
"Now, gentlemen, all run forward at once, and I
think she'll go over just as easy as falling off a' log.'
Accordingly all started off as 'if they wsre running
for a wager, and our Frenchman, without exactly
knowing why, but having. an indistinct notion that
something was wrong, not only followed their exam
ple, but soon outstripped the rest. Just af fliis moK
ment, some malicious Individual 'called out, Jumpi
jump," which words the Frenchman happened "tdjin-
derstahd. So. instead of stopping where the others
did, to the astonishment of every bodyi he threw him
Self lieadlon? into the river. A vawl was immedi
ately lowered, and the poor Frenchman was rescued
front his perilous position, without having sustained
any injury except a thorough wetting, and a good
fright. As soon as he could speak, he said, with an
expression of anger, which, .taken in connection with
his words, Was rather ludicrous ' -.' ,
" Vat you mean by say jump, jump.' ?, ,'You.tell
me to jump, and your damn -boat no blow up at all.
and I get one ducking for nothing, eh !" , " . r.-
r .? ".P- Picayune.
The EtEPiiANT of the Whigs. .The following
article from the York (Pa.) Gazette is one C the
most-, amusing and capital applications of tha day.
Most of those who desire "to see the elephant 'frean
disappointment for their pain3 but no;ase of jthe
kind is half so flagrant. -as that of the .Whigs apd
their "mere soldier" President r. irr4. i,-w,t r
"This thing of having a President,1 when you 1m ve
nomse for him, and when he -costs- you political lyi,
more than he comes-to, Is not what it is cracked up to
be. The man of whom the Ldndori Punch tells the
following story,- no doubt thought, when Jue took a
chance in- the raffle for an elephant, that 'it would be
a very fine thing to win so large apprize.'" He, like
the Whigs when practicing al I . manner of ' deception
to elect Gen. Taylor, probably never dreame-bf the
perplexities that might follow 'success. c' 1 ' 4
, 4J,unchs story is as follows ... ,, . ..;,,,.jv v
Once on a time there was a gentleman who won
an elephant. in a raffle. v T 'i.t'. t i-r.U : -.-it
It was a. very fine elephant, and 'very cheap at jhe
price the gentleman paid for his chance. : o
;But the gentleman had no place .to put it In. 5 :
-Nobody would take it off his hands.-" '-'
t He couldn't afford to feed it." '
- He was afraid of the -lawf he turned it foose'in
the streets. f ,,-,rifi "?i
- He was'too humane to7 let it starve.' ,:,'T
r- He wa afraid to sheot it.- 'T i
Irt short, he was In a perplexity Very iiatorat t&K
mar did withiis elepliant.-tf he aUernp'ted.to malip
ihe mbstpf him by arivirTg'nim Jlirdugh the country
as'a showwefiope hte .Succeedeetterthan the
Wnigs have done in their 'efforts, to' putAcir hard
bargain, to some use. Findin tifm 6n their linds,
and vood fcf n&thingjils
thaHie, won ldnswerUratoto, travel 4broue(r the
country Just before. elecUons,apd. r,casup)argf h
raajerities, -c ;' r;i;.Vaa&iiftl if?bi
They tried, that but,, good gW.uV?? t 4pc
returns !

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