THE CONSTITUTION AND THE UNION OF TOE STATES THEY "MUST BE PRESERVED."
. ; . i - . .. .-
RALEIGH, NORTH CAROtlNA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 28, 1849
' " Number 786.
wiiniii-"ii -...J-, .--T1- 1f f t irn'-Ufi ill Mi imiian - . . .
fffE NORTH CAROLINA STANDARD
WILLIAM W. HOLDEN,
EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.
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' THE YOUTH OF TALLEYRAND
ftf. de Talleyrand was born in Paris in 1754.
, ' PToA it was the general custom in noble 1
iccr. . i .u : 1 1 : . . i j
TieJ er Place ," ll,c w"1"1" vuun tiiv;it-, seiuuui
incr leisure to cast away a thought on the poor lit
j being to whom she had given birth, and who, con
ned to the care of a hired nurse, who lived perhaps
3 i - . ... n infv n wama r... .
soitfarpd with Uharies-iaunce, eldest son ot the
ant de Talleyrand. Exiled from his father's house
rhehour of his birth, he was carried to a distant
Jiatfe by a nurse whose trade it was to bring up
ilJren 'well or ill, as n nappeneay according to the
r-nce's own expression. This nurse was hand
le! v pnid, and regularly gave excellent accounts
thp" child. Her darling little Chariot was the
ride of the country, with his rosy chr-eks and stur-
limbs, tie was well ted, well dressed ; what
re cocIJ a baby want V
What more indeed 1 thought his lady mother ; that
whenever she had time to think about the matter
'!: but this was not often; for court duties and
art pleasures absorbed her every faculty, and oc
;pied every moment.
rime rolled on. Another son was born to the
jjiitde Talleyrand ; and, like his elder brother, he
afinto the world strong and healthy, cast in the
iarles-Maurice, being sent to the village where
,e latter was growing up ignorant and neglected,
ithoiit the fe:.r of God or man before his eyes. Till
nival ot the little Archabauld, he had never seen
m a V .a .
f face of a relative, uis momer, occupied wan
'ensure, his father with ambition, thought not oi him.
his singular that while the latter died young, witli
vu havitiw obtained the renown he sought, and the
".ri.u r ended a Ions life in comparative poverty, it
was reserved for their neglected child to make Eu
j.Dpe rinr with his fame, and to amass an enormous
When Charles-Maurice had entered his eighth !
vrar, it happened that his father's youngest brother,
die captain of a ship-of-war, and a Knight of Malta,
returned from a distant expedition. After greeting
je elder members of his family, he inquired for his
;:t:e nrpfiews, and felt both shocked and surprised
their parents indifference towards them. It w-as
ie depth of winter, t!ie ground was covered with,
s-iw. the roads were difficult and dangerous, but the
' uumi-hearted sailor braved all obstacles, and set out
joa horseback to visit his little relatives. It was late
in the afternoon when he approached the villagp, and
ac bethought him of inquiring the way to the house
Nurse Rigant. Looking round, he saw on the
:illa pale, thin child, with long fair hair flowing on j
:;j shoulders ; he was busy setting a bird-trap on
nesnow. The captain called him ; and as the little j
i:low approached the kind sailor saw with pain that
vwas larne, and lent for support on a small crutch, j
Hailo ! my boy ; can you tell me where Dame
Sijint lives V '
Ccrtaialy, said the child smiling. 'I will show
- a the way on one condition.' j
Come, then, make haste, my lad; 111 pay you ,
sndsoinely for your guidance.' I
Nonsense,' replied the child reddening: mycon
iition is, that you will let me ride on your horse to
tree's door; I don't want your money.'
Mount, then, my boy,' said the captain, reaching
Wnhis hand, and watching with surprise the agili
jviiih which the child, cripple as he was, managed
climb on the tall saddle.
Holding his little guide carefully before him, the
sptain reached the house of Dame Rigant. He told
ie child to hold his horse for a moment, and entered
-edocr : nurse came to meet him. hat passed be-
ween thr-m t Probablv nothing very amicable; for
ic younn- listener outside could distinguish a sound
t weeping; feminine lamentations overDorne Dy
ond masculine reprimands. Suddenly the sailor
rushed out. Beized the shivering boy, raised him
ind held h'ua closely embraced with one arm, while
with the other be made good use of his whip in keep-
ng ofTXurse Rijant, who wanted to regain posses
sion of her 'darlinrr Chariot.' It was the work of a
moment to mount his horse, and with the child be-
ore-him, to retrace his steps, without permitting the
perfidious nurse even to say adieu to her charge. As
they rode on, little Charles-Maurice learned that his
raptor was his uncle, an honest sailor, who, in a
'.nnsport of indignation against the woman to whose
negligence his nephew owed a lifelong lameness,
ouid not have hira a moment longer beneatn ner
roof. In his anxiety about the heir of his house, he
totally forgot his brother's youngest son, who accord
ingly remained with the nurse.
From the first town where he stopped, he wrote to
to brother to announce what he had done; and on
arriving in Paris, he learned that the Count de Tal-
wyrand was with the army in Flanders, and that the
countess was in attendance on the queen at Verseil
8. However, she had provided a person to take
are of her son, and place him in the college of Louis-le-Giand.
The captain had intended to take him on
board his vessel the St. Joseph and bring him up
the naval profession: but his lameness rendering
fris impracticable, the kind sailor took leave of his
poor deserted little nephew, and sat out for Toulon.
A few months afterwards bis vessel was shipwreck
ed, and l Qnd nil hia mp.w nr?Viffd . T-Iad Charles-
"acr.ee been a fine stout boy, his history would have
terminated here; but Providence reserved the poor
""ae child for an illustrious destiny.
college, the boy distinguished himself by his
k'tntsand application, carrying off the first prizes,
prising rapidly towards the upper classes. Yet
"ls life was but a sad one ; few indulgences, and no
tions passed at home, fell to his lot. His moth
er rarely visited him, and when she did, she came
;companied by a celebrated surgeon who examined
?Iarae W. hndared it tiorhtlv. drairsred it. cauter-
the nerve, and put the child to such torture, that
1)6 beaded nothing so much as a summons to the
fttlpr to meet his mother.
tears passed on: his father died, and Charles-
of that branch of his family. His brother Ar-
-uiuauid had left the abode ot Nurse itigant witn
r fortune than himself; for he had escaped ac
nts; and his limbs were straight and well-formed.
u the day that Charles-Maurice bad successfully
Pleted his studies at the college of Louis-le-Grand,
P'le stern-looking man, wearing a cassock, aura
"toned him from amongst bis comrades, and com
bed him to follow him to the clerical seminary
j.1- Sulpice. The sentencw was without appeal.
learned from the superior that his family had de
.fle? to deptive him of his birthright, and transfer it
uis younger brother. y .
And wherefore V asked the youth.
because he is not a cripple,' was the cruel reply.
i he words entered like iron into the victim's soul ;
tint. K. nis TeT nature, and made tne youtn
i-rince de Talleyrand afterwards ai
In proud and bitter silence he donned the offered cas
sock ; and none may know what passed within, for
never, even to his most intimate friends, did he allude
to the subject. Now in his youth, as afterwards in
mature age, his resolution was taken and acted on
immediately... He expressed neither grief nor a desire
for the reversal of the decree, he knew this would be
vain; but, in appearance at least, submitted patiently
to the strict rules of the house. Notwithstanding his
lameness, he possessed considerable strength and ac
tivity of body ; but among his companions his usual
weapon was his tongue. . . Young and old dreaded his
caustic,' biting sentences, while the influence and
power which his master-mind asserted and maintain
ed were quite' marvellous. At the seminary he be
came as distinguished as at the college. There still
survive a few old clergymen who can recall the elo
quent orations of the young student at the weekly
exhibitions at St. Sulpice. Some of these composi
tions have been preserved; they are chiefly remarka
ble for the artful manner in which the passions of the
auditory are enlisted against the adverse side, and
their sense of the ludicrous excited at its expense.
At the age of seventeen, M. de Talleyrand quitted
the seminary, in order to complete his theological
studies at the Sorbonne. The few days which inter
vened were passed by him at the family residence.
Up to that period he had never spent a night beneath
the parental roof. Well might Ros3eau fulminate his
burning reproofs against the high-born mothers of
that time, whom he designates ' merciless stepmoth
ers.' M. de Talleyrand was so fortunate as to have
for his preceptor an excellent man, not many years
older than himself. A strong and lasting affection
subsisted hetween them. His dear father Langlois,'
received from him a liberal pension till the end of his
days; and up to the year 1828, the period of the gocd
old abbe's death, his antiquated figure, attired in the
costume of the preceding century, might have been
constantly seen in the prince's splendid reception
rooms, his huge snuff-box and colored pocket-handkerchief
figuring next rich uniforms and brilliant
orders. When he spoke, his former pupil listened
with respectful deference. Indeed it is not too much
to assert, that whatever good was mingled with the
character of the astute diplomatist, might fairly be
traced to-the early instruction of the Abbe Langlois.
The young Abbe de Talleyrand's first appearance
in that gay society of Paris was at the hotel of Ma
dame de Brignole, who was in the habit of receiving
the very elite of the fashionable world, together with
the liuns of the day. Theyonng man seated himself
in a remote corner, so as to observe the passing scene
without taking part in it. Soon a modest retiring-
lnnl-inff mnn ri m a and nlafd himaplf np:ir him
This was Philidor, the celebrated chess-player, who,
being a frequent visitor at the house, was able and season to raise, to the nogs' Dnsties w men are soia swer notuing, out mat servile naoit or procuring
willino-to point out the different distinguished guests i back to her in brushes. everything from abroad ; from what maintains our
to his "uninitiated neighbor. D'Alembert, Diderot, I I'et one calculate the amount of money realized by frailest physical to our highest mental wants : That
and other great men were "there, and Philidor was South within the last twenty years, for her cotton indifference to our own interests which prompts U3
complacently commenting on them, for the young i crop alone. Where is it? Can onc look around and : to buy every article we use from foreign manufac
abbe's edification, when.thpir quiet corner was sud-1 see the results of it in the advancement of these Mates, , turers, paying all the profits out of the raw material
denly invaded by two young hussar officers, a captain
and lieutenant in a regiment especially favored by
the unhappy queen Marie-Antoinette, and also noted
for the free and impertinent manners of the young
men who composed it. The two officers were laugh
ing heartily at some exquisite jest between them
selves. flnmp in t- tli. corner.' said one. and I'll finish
the story ; the end of it must be
The corner is taken.' replied the other : I see
Philidor there talking to some young raven just
fledged, and flown from the seminary.'
'They'll give up their place. I know Philidor's
temper: he'll submit, and the abbe will follow hisi
example.' So saying, they approached the two oc-T
cnpiers ot the corner, and witn tne cooiesi imper
tinence began to annoy them by their words and ges
tures. Philidor, whose pacific and timid character
was well known, immediately prepared to retreat.
He cast an imploring glance to the abbe, complained
of the heat of the room, and finally rose and glided
away. The Chevalier de BoufHers one of the offi
cers took instant possession of the vacant chair, and
turning towards the young abbe, stared at hira with
an insolent expression. The lieutenant took up his
position at the other side, and looked at Talleyrand
in a manner no less offensive. Not the slightest no
tice, however, did the young man take of either, un
til the officer, tired of his sang-froid, inquired if he
did not find the heat oppressive 1T and added the ad
... - f i j i. i i I
chamber. Talleyrand with the utmost politeness, irn writer is scarcely ever named-no Southern com
..u JS"j.i.-i"!if,i.i- aiHoratkinnaa-. hnt position ever reviewed, no Southern book ever no-
u". ...n M M hn un,s wer so very
. r." . 7 " ,j c .i a i
The ansry blood
hf was a youth just
with his native accent
You look you
von have not been at school, and are not aware that
you have yet many things to learn : amongst the
A thousand pardons !' interrupted the abbe, stand
ing up, looking full at his adversary, and imitating to
perfection the Norman accent. " I assure you I have
been at school ; I learned all my letters, and I know
that A B (abbe) is not C D (ceder. yield): and more
ith 9 nonl nf bparfv lano-hter. The Chevalier de
BoufHers himself applauded; but the discomfited
Norman, having no reply ready, took himself off as
fast as possible. Madame du Deffand happened to
be in the room, she heard the repartee, and expressed
a wish to have its author introduced to her. This was
done by De BoufHers himself. The illustrious lady
who was blind, invited the young abbe to be seated
next her. She passed her venerable hand over his
face, in order to examine his features, which she
could not see, and then said, " Go, young man ; na
ture has endowed yoa with her richest gifts. She
has placed it in your power fully to redeem the wrongs
The Abbe de Talleyrand soon became known in
the highest literary and political circles; his suhse
quentcareer belongs to the eventful history of the
period. It is rather singular that he attached his name
to the first popular journal that ever appeared in
France. La Feuille Villagoeise,' conducted by the
Abbe Cerutti, exercised much influence on the first
events in the Revolution of 1789. In juxtaposition
with articles from the fiery pen of Mirabeaa, or bear
ing the impress of Cerutti's bitterly-ironical genius,
the historian of to-day studies still with interest es
says exhibiting the calm steady reasoning of Talley
rand. For example, those on the Reform in Na
tional Education," On the abuses of Power,' On
the Unity of Weights and Measures,' &c. Sieyes
and Mirabeau professed a high esteem for the talents
of the young Talleyrand. Mirabeau frequently de
clared that he considered him the only man capable
of succeeding him in the direction of the 'moderate
party of the time. .
Talleyrand died at Paris, in the eighty-fourth year
of his age, on the 17th of May, 1838. By his will
he has strictly prohibited his heirs from publishing
his memoirs which he wrote himself, and which
are, it is said, deposited in England until thirty
years shall have expired from the day of his death.
Many a State mystery and many a grand secret in di-
filomacy will no doubt be revealed to the curious pub
ic of 1868.' Till then, we must content ourselves
with a few rambling records of that mover of the
wires of the political puppet-show Charles Maurice
Prince de Talleyrand.
Col. Josiah Quincy, Jr., made a speech in the
whig state convention at Worcester, in which he said,
"Whigs of Massachusetts, you owe a great deal to
General Taylor." .That's a fact? they owe him a
vote of thanks for his services . in the Mexican war.
They have heretofore refused it, but as they now,
like shrewd Yankees, have got their pay in advance
in the shape of offices, their is no reason why they
shouldn't square off that little account. Post.
mounted in the officer's cheeK ;j"" s , , j , ' , . : "J v... V . . ., . ---- -
come from Normandy, and spoke wnoie 1 cost 01 h Fuui.mu. -u;r.u UJ v..c.c v "VV" "
J 1 I a XT Cnrl.nvn nn tarn PI a A in NuVIPUTQ nr Mi m - ? ni-nc n an t Onrl thA rj mo fF iimnn rrfnf t Iq thprp Tint
in all its Diiritv I r- i, ... v...- ft- nj, .. . - - -
ng, my a ear aooe, ne saiu , pernaps , 11 a wr(u01.n ,on -i ri ti,n frM nf iio nM on rr? Wo
over, that your E f (epee, sword) win not mate me
O T (oier. so away).' By this time a number of the
. , & ,1 .ZI 1 : J1MI v(a .all.
psts naa coneciea. anu receiveu uncyiauu -anr
We would not do anything like justice to the pur
poses of this article, if we failed fo allude to the ab
sence of literary encouragement in all the Southern
States. We are verv sure that, in writing what we
shall, we are influenced by no unworthy prejudices its. Now it cannot be said that this arises altogeth-
in favor of the South, and by no jealousies towards er from the superior merit of the Northern Rlaga-
the North. It is true, we are identified, altogether j zines, for with some exceptions they are the veriest
with the former, and if we look to her, with anything j trash ever submitted to the press. Chiefest of the
of partiality, the partiality springs' from these asso-J exceptions, made to this remark, is Runt's Mer-
ciations. We look upon the North as part of our :fchants Magazine, than which a better work is not
own country. Her moral and intellectual progress published in the world : full of valuable statistical
are American in the history of the nation, and in her, matter, always to be relied on ; never abusive of the
fame we share largely. We, would not, therefore, South, its editor and conductor a gentleman of great
write a line which would make her the object of eith- industry and of still greater integrity. Littell's Liv-
er contempt or reproach. But at the same time, it isi ing Age, of which a very Iargenumber is received
due to truth to say, that we cannot behold the strides at the South, sometimes contains excellent papers,
she is making towards civilization and wealth, with- but the majority of its selections are injudicious and
out indulging most rational regret, that, in everything ' in bad taste ; consisting of foolish love tales, the
which can make a nation prosperous, or a people J Ether controversy, and other matter for which the
emiment, the South is so far in the distance. j majority of its readers care nothintr. Of the oreat
Were a person of intelligence to visit this country i mass of others, which, in cart-loa'ds issue tcT.the
and be capable, atone view, .of regarding the his- South, full of gaudy plates of the very worst artistic
tory of the United States, for the last twenty years, execution, sickening love stories, and rhyme ad
a very "singular state of things would be" presented. nausea n, we have the supreraest contempt.' We
He would see a few small States, with a stinted soil, j would not, however, in this category, include Skin-
exposed to great bitterness of climate, supporting a j ner's Plough, Loom, and Anvil, a most useful work,
very dense population, engaged in extraordinary ac-! well conducted, pregnant with valuable information,
tivity the land smiling with the fruits of agriculture i and extremely beneficial to the South; and some
every stream turning some tremendous machinery: others, which will be readily suggested to our read-
manufactures flourishing to a wonderful degree er'a minds.
the people full of commercial and literary engage-J We do not know the relative subscription of the
ments, all busy in sending out the products of their ; North and South, with regard to these works, char-
labor and ingenuity all engaged in receiving gold ; acterized, we think justly" as "trashy and valueless,
and silver in exchange. The same glance, which en-' But we strongly incline to the belief that the larger
abled him to behold these things, would show that ! support they receive is from the South, and that but
the stream of manufactured articles was to, and that ' for the subscription of our own people, they could
of gold and silver from the South. Turning to the ' not exist.
South he would behold a land, rich in fertility, bles3- J It becomes, then, a question of very grave consid-
ed with a genial climate, poor in population, annual-! eration with us, whether it is not our duty to coun-
ly producing a staple of great value in the markets of! teract this stage of things. It tho Southerners are
the whole world; a generous, ardent people, ot no-j truly so deficient in literary ability, as our condition
ble intellect, without manufactures, without printing ; in this respect indicates, it is time we were engaged
presses, without history, without half a dozen known ' in rectifying our ignorance. It is to be presumed
literary men. He would see that country capable that the superiority of our Northern friends is the
of producing everything necessary in life, produc-; result of encouragement and exercise. The fund,
in"-, except cotton, nothing; no manufactures, no : which supports this prosperity is derived from us.
inrernal improvements, her numberless streams turn- : It is a fund which justly belongs to our own people.
inr not a solitary wheel, her iron and oal beds un-v It is drawn from them, and ought to be spent amono-
worked, and her large cities without a permanent them. Is there anything in our climate, or manners', 1
population. A stream of her Northern brethren, en-j or education, that forbids success in letters? Is
gaaed in daily drawing from her the wealth, which there anything in our pursuits, which denies merit
should be spent among her own people, hourly drain- its reward, or stands in the way of encouragement
ing her of her raw material, to be manufactured in to genius? What is there in our country which pro- '
foreign cities, and be returned to her again, at enor- hibits the exercise of talents, or the enterprise of
mous profits, from the cotton which she toils a whole ,
OT 111 llle conuilion UI me jieujuc r n n atiru in iiic .
improvement of our lands, in rail ways, or in the !
;Rnc nr inicirlnnUt TlnM it nnnrar in !
the increased wealth of families? In neither. These '
States owe an immense public debt. Their people'
are poor, their fields impoverished, their habitations
nmmnroved. no rail wavs are built, but still on. on. !
the stream of their wealth goes to enrich the Northern
. . I r . f
i neoDle. who have carried for us, manufactured for us,
I ..rM:An nnntad hnnL'e Trkr na In mien rn iyq with t
5 teachers, painters, and every article of use, from era-!
dies to coffins, candles, butter, flour, meat, bread and
. It was our object, in setting out, to draw particu
lar attention to the condition of ihe South in respect '
to literature and book-making. The Southern people
r Tu;,iru.ir;ti!iw wgrmnMs
. -U , lh encunti) n in li H Mil nna L
Ttioir Vniratiristir! nrft warmnpas I
nkness ot disposition, carelcssnessof
of money, and fervent enthusiasm. As a matter of; vance of us, and so it must be, until a course, directly j Power? contrary to the true meaning ar.J spirit ot the
course, their literature partakes of these qualities. It 1 the opposite to that which has ever distinguished the Constitution. This declaration was made as late as
is full of imagination, but vigorous and brilliant, i Southern people, be boldly struck out and resolutely ! the 20lh. of January, 1819, and vas made by therep
Thev write from pride and ambition, never from rner- followed. Let our book-sellers and printing estab- ! resentatives of at least five-sixths of the Whigs of
ccnary motives. We are not acquainted with a sin-; lishments beg-n the work by publishing books of '. he Ste Here then is a positive denial of any such
ffle instance of writers in the South, who have writ- Muerit, written by Southern authors, and let Southern ! dtoct"n.e 7bn)en to sufPorie ihe tondttutton of
ien for the Magazines and Reviews, receiving a cent people purchase no other. Let such works of an ' the L'nle? .Sfale?' fee therefore, that tuch was
fo? their contributions. 'educational class be introduced into the Southern not the faith of the W lug party, eight months ago.
Now, in the face of these facts, what is our condi-ijscools and Colleges, until an essentially Southern f J ; -how has lf P,Uen ,to ,bc ? , .IIas anv convention
.;nn 1 With ih PTPont nn nf Simms. who has
hum : vv -- -"r'w-"'-- i ;
lished largely at the North, the North recognizes'
one literary man. i.ooK over tinswoia s
or anv other similar compilation.
. . I n .nmni 4ttAn IXI NAtllh.
i.i yj uuuui-
ticed. In not one of the Southern States is there a
nublishinir house, nor does a INorlhern house ever
take a Southern publication under any circumstances,
iUtni a vwi a i a a t .nninprnnr m nnnk iiiikjkh inn r nan nv n i i n rintr ps nr iiif i n lph rv i iiirn nrri . ik
1 rf . 1 1 . n MM km. . tnv NAiithfirn Tr o Yi nrptur Tn cua. .nn tn .s-hnm nnclarif v mav haroTTor Innlr Tno
' lain IMOrinciH lllaafclllto ailU iiviuirin st.&vta j v. it y U4IUUr;iO i'luuuj v iiij iuvu iiiva wo
whatever. A person would be greatly astonished to j buted the advent of a new era of letters in the South
count the number of Northern publications, both i ern States ; when, standing like the magnificent Leo,
Magazines and papers, taken at the South, and the i amidst the ruins of a country he may establish her
amount paid for them, and compare those items with ' literature, raise her degraded genius, cause her sci
the number and amount of Southern publications ta-' ence to flourish, and build monuments, which shall
ken at the North. We risk nothing in asserting the
. 1J I r I : nnn V.n..annJ tnnnn '
nrnnOTIlOn WUUIU UC lUUIIU as IS uiig luuuoauu huuny ;
This cannot be on account of any great superiority of
Northern over Southern writers, or arise trom any
extraordinary capacity for mechanical execution.
But suppose the immense amount ot money thus
. 1 . ,, . i . i ; ,u
tuuiaEciunn w. .. ...
mi - OC . .. 1 J Kn tn i m nvnwn tn i iirnn- I
printers, ine eueci wuuiu uo iwimiw.c a
derful extent our literature, and draw forth the talent
which, from want of encouragement now sleeps. It
would induce our booksellers and printers to under
take the publication of books at home: and the mill
ions, which now travel, would quicken every depart
ment of the arts.
Let us consider tus matter, more immediately, in
reference to the publications which nave issued trom j e(J one 0f the most eloquent and impressive sermons
the South. The first attempt was the Southern Re- j we ever heard. The principle inculcated in his dis
view, which lingered a few years. That work was ( courSe was, that true religion was the very highest
... . y
begun and sustained Dy toe purses anu iuwi etis m
men of the very highest character in the South. Its
object was to develctpe Southern mind, not to make
money. Its pages were nuea wun nrucies oi great
merit, from the pens of Dr. Thomas Cooper, Stephen
Elliott, Wm. Harper, Hugh S. Legare, and others,
not less eminent in talent, if less known. Every
thing, which their industry and research could do, to
make it a magazine of elegant and learned literature,
was done. . It represented Southern Letters, and if
obnoxious to censure, it was in its rather too faithful
representation ot Southern politics. But the South
would not uphold it; and the North bitterly criticised
it. The labor of contributing, as well as of support
ing the . printer, fell upon its originators ; who dis
gusted at last with the want of interest in the Southern
people, and with the injustice of the North, abandon
ed it. The South, from that time, remained without
a similar publication until Mr. Whitaker began the
Southern Review. The Southern Quarterly, a revi
val of the Southern Review, goes on ; but in rather a
languid state of health, if we judge from the fact that
neither Southern nor Northern papers ever name it.
The Southern Literary Messenger, published in
Virginia, once under the able control of Mr. Minor,
an elegant scholar and accomplished editor, contin
ues, under very excellent management, to exist. But
of that may be said what we have just applied to
the Southern Quarterly, there are few South of the
Tntnmn who are noor enouffh to reverence it, and
Morth nf "t. The same thinz may be said of
the energetic effort of Mr. De Bow to establish the
Commercial Review ; and some other pamphlet pub
lications, in Georgia, Louisiana, Alabama, and South
Carolina. The Southern Quarterly and Southern
Literary Messenger are occasionally , seen on the
shelves of every literary gentlemen, but, among the
oreat mass of readers, very rarely. -
.i n.;ntot. in thft Tartre and nrosper-
jjunnir l" FaB' -e - - - i - -i
. . fl.nMahifiiv nlaaa
ritv of Monteomery, a very nounsmng piace,
full of taste, and I of a most intellectual and refined
" ... .
population, but a single copy of the Review, as we
learned, was taken. But how is it' with Northern
publications 1 The country is full of them ; and
scarcely a single paper, of any towh or village in
! the Smith Anaa JToo; i.i: .k:.
those who would advance and sustain ill
jiuuuucu uy uuiscivus, tu iiiaiiuiavtuici, iui;iui, ujp-
owner, not one cent of which is spent amongst us,
in.t nf rPnrlinT tn miirnrtnrPQ nnrsplvA.
hear much of free trade. If this is the freedom of;,iem are. not Whigs. Iherefore the cone u sum.
trade, we want none of it. The most perfect free- ! Now, before the position, set forth in the conclusion,
dom of trade is the laying of such a tarift upon our- can be held, it is absolutely necessary, that it should
selves as will Drohibit all commerce with other na- ! be,proved, that the W hig party hold it as a cardinal
. ... i m i ia
Hons, until we learn 10 ueveiope ana live upon our
We do not intend, in what we have said, to censure
the North. They have taken advantage of our want ;
of industry and enterprise and substituted their own
for it. The consequence is that they have not only
become rich, out of our wealth, but at our expense
kept in exercise those gifts which nature gives in com-
montoboth North and South, but which only the North
U n,tinmi nrooith in oil thl oinn;Dc o!, v,-fo
Koo nooH oiiocqT.. ! ! until n m nl nn n oMno '
n nrl nalinnal nrrxilth in all tha olniranniie rtnA iMimfnrto
life, in science and morals too. thev are far in ad-
nub-'Mitomtiirn. and thft nocess tv of sustain no- it. are tho-
- - i j e ;
roughly impressed on the public mind. Look at the j
station occupied in Scotland uy winiam anu ltoDert
I I lin rhnlA I Ani e I o t nn n h nrrliml tho :
Alio nui jcuioiaviuii ui aii" ictivi, .iiv.
ii i rpi rt ,uj- i.:.l.;. t 'nrl.n.I t v. n
ir ;toir u, nt ..fr.ti f. ,t r0i0 i
what the enterprise of these men has done. More of
knowledge, of liberty, and of morals, have been taught
by the cheap pamphlets of those industrious men,
trust there is; and that to his exertions may be attri-
justly be regarded as the Antico Moderno of a rising
T 1 '.,. ,.
Alalia. wiui (Wtwrt liuf (Cf t
Bishop Polk. This eminent divine and highly
esteemed gentleman, came down as far as Donald s-
Trilln nn tho Aittnorat On SJiinrl.iv tho naaepna-orfi.
-j r- "
am0n? ? -Were STe W-ve Lor thirty ladies
were lnvnea 10 aiieim reiiti'ous service, uy uis;ioij
- . . . . a . . . 1
Polk, in the Ladies cabin. The Iarg-e number of in
telligent and distinguished gentlemen from the differ
ent States, who were returning from the Convention
on the Autocrat, secured the Bishop a large and bril
liantaudience. The beautiful service of the Episcopal
Church was read by the Bishop, the whole congre
gation joining in the responses. A hymn was sung
with excellent effect; after. which the Bishop deliver-
enjoyment; that there is nothing gloomy, harsh, or
j ra0rose, in any of the feelings it inspires, or the rules
it teaches. He contended, with great force of argu
ment and felicity of expression, that there was no ra
tional pleasure which was not heightened by religion.
The eloquence of the learned divine was rendered
more impressive by the peculiar circumstances under
which it was delivered. The scene was no less in
teresting than novel. The steamer ploughing her
way over the bosom of the great Father of Waters
the majestic stream pursuing its course in sullen,
mighty majesty the primeval forests that covered its
banks, casting their shadows over its surface the
audience assembled n the cabin, composed of persons
from every part of our vast Union, and mostly stran
gers to: one another, hearkening to the deep, solemn,
earnest tones of the man of God all made a scene
which must linger in our memories as one . full of
solemnity and deep interest. . , -A". 0. Delta. .
Presbyterian Synod is Kentucky. This body
lately held its sessions at Danville, where some six
ty or seventy ministers and elders were in attendance.'
The Rev. R. J. Breckinridge, of Lexington, was
Moderator, and the Rev. E. P. Humphrey temporary
A number of topics interesting to the religious,
community were discussed among others the qaes-i
tion of the propriety of instrumental music in church
service, and the question of a recommendation to
congregations to insure the lives of their ministers
and to ministers to insure their own lives for. the ben
efit of their families. Both questions were laid on
the table. It was urged by several speakers that life
insurance is immoral. ' ' '
Another subject of discussion was the reading of
sermons. The recommendation of the General As
sembly of the church was sustained against the prac
i. , . . : j -x- u : . i
tice, as a .eas euwuin muue w ..jwwui
From the Hornet's 'Nest.
WHIG SENTIMENT IN NORTH CAROLINA. '
- Elmn Grove, Oct. 12, 1849.
I Oureldest hope, di virus Julua,
e' very ,ate' oh! may he ru,e Swift.
Mr Editor : We live in strange times -m an
a&e 'n which we are not allowed to entertain an opin-
ion however honest it m2y be, which does not suit
tlie 1fste of some persons, without having out politi-
031 integrity brought into question. Whigs men
who have been zealous advocates of the principles
?f the Whig party, ever since they have held opin-
ons about any thing who have worked (if they have
not planned) whilst the would-be dictators were
asleePf or calculating what benefits would enure to
them, by their labor men who have loved truth for
truth's sake are denounced, ex-communicated from
tne Pa'e theiT political church, because they deny
the constitutionality of the Wilmot Proviso! Verily,
naa not judgment fled to brutish beasts.' Have
not som. 0I" those whom we would reckon as friends
lst their reason V Why,-sir, a correspondent" of
yur paper, who, in the exercise of his rights, saw
ProPer to express the opinion that the infamobs insult
offered to the South, commonly called the Wilmot
Proyiso was not authorized by the articles of our
National Union that (oh horrible ! oh horrible !
mo9t horrible John C. Calhoun was a Southern
man rue in his feelings and opinions and to adopt
as a signature, what I conceive to be emblematical of
what he t is straightly denounced, drummed out
?" camP and when his faultless but offending name
is mentioned, it is accompanied with the pregnant
parenthetical phrase God save the mark !' What!
can lt Df lhat there are no Whigs no true Whigs
in.tJie South, who differ from the Register and the
Times'! If so, we may as a party, lay down our
a18 We may give up, and broken down, dispiri-
tea ana" nerveless, submit at once (to what will as-
suredly come,) to the shameful dishonor of seeing
that sceptre, which we have heretofore held in tri-
umph, wrenched by unlineal hands, no sons of our s
But, sir, we are not to be so unchurched in so sum-
marJ a way, nor by such questionable authority,
Our judges must show their commissions. Ourac-
cusers must prove the charge, that we are untrue.
A simple declaration will not answer the proof
must come, or the charge is foul calumny. Shall we
have it? Alas ! it is out of the power of our friend
G.a,e!L' (for Personal frlena I do regard him,) and of
M,r' "aboleau, even though they should devote their
talents exclusively to the object, to sustain any such
allegation. The charge is untrue, and hence, can-
ihe argument (a it can be called such) which
these gentlemen, and all others who endorse their
conduct use, for the purpose of proving that those,
who deny the constitutionality of the Proviso are not
Whigs, is indeed a remarkable one. It is the argu
i ment of a dictator. It is the bull, from the political
j Vatican at Raleigh. It is this. The constitntionali
: ty of the Wilmot Proviso, and hatred to John C.
iaiUOUn, are V nig OOCirineS. X U0S6 WHO deny
rvv , " ."""w";r ,
nm r t nr flith that I .nnrrrocQ haQ nnnor this I .nncti.
in the newly acquired Territories of the United States.
t, u wuii biic; iJVfTci its uicviib tut? j i aiavij
J.s th,18 a doctrine of the Whig party in North Caro-
. " "a" "
n Ittk nvl IT KaC KAAn i- A AW A A A I 1 A fr A Aflt OIllt AO AT
' ,'u.","7,l,', UM " f .wv.
a , T . 1 .
. Bv a reference to the Journals of the last General
! Assembly, it will be seen that both the Senate and
' clared, that the passage of such an Act, would be
ui v.uimuuua, u cuciy laiso iuoiuiium,
" " aooc"'"'c" l'-" " J
tion upon their banner? If so, I have never heard
of it. Then, it must be that some Whig editors
i x i - it : a? i a i
i, i .i . 1.1 -
vuis uur ts jLoe i j eiiuc t :ui iuei v nieiMoei ves iu uc
.-.iL K 1 ..ww . w .
the soul ot the party,
ine soui ox me party, anu to nave -me ngiu 10 say
I wnai iS V i "rui.uuu' " x u,ut"
! ln e"or lf Party has not been disgusted
?S 4aS Wlth the corsc of those who assume to
to tell them what they shall believe, and what they
shall condemn, and in general to be their "ghostly
fathers," whose commands they shall always obey.
We are tired of this. Juggernaut has two often crush
ed us, and we are no longer willing to submit tame
ly to the petulant and contemptuous objurgations of
those 'fire-eyed disputants' who surround the 'throne
of the great Mokanna.'
Let a 'True Whig' speak when he pleases, use any
name he may like, and there are Whigs, thousands of
Whigs in North Carolina, who will grasp hitn as a
brother, even though he ' should fall into the compass
of a political praemunire." I thrust the time has gone
by, if it ever was, when the only argument necessary,
to brand a man with infamy, was a charge ot disu
nion. Those who disagree with the Register and
Times, are no more guilty of any desire.to disrupture
this , j Union of ours, than they who so lustily
cry ' stop thiet. iney are lovers oi tne union, iov
m rni . FT"
ers of the Constitution, lovers of justice. They want
to see the compromises of the Constitution carried
out in ' spirit and in truth.' They love their coun
try they love their own ' altars and fires,' far better
than their party. They don't believe any man to be
infallible. They have no god of their idolatry,'
whose faint echoes they are. And ' above all, they
cannot think it possible, that an instrument framed
i by the wisest and most patriotic body of Statesmen
I'-.' mm .1 1 lflll .
which ever assembled on eartn, and wnicn declares
upon its face, that it was ordained and established,'
in order to form a more perfect Union, to establish
justice, to insure domestic tranquility, to provide for
the common defence and eeneral welfare, can author
ize the enactment of a Law, which in the opinion of
all Southern men would be inexpedient, unjust and
outrageous. The head and front of our offending
hath this extent : ho more' we have dared to differ
from one of our Senators in Congress upon a question
of constitutional power, and we are treated with con-
temnt. denounced as abstractionists, fomenters of
discord and plotters of disunion. Mr. Badger is an
able man there arc few more so. That, however,
is no reason why his opinions should be received
without question by the Whig party. Why, sir, we
have other men whose opinions are worth as much
as his, and would pass current, years ago, at a higher
value among Whigs than his ; and it has been late
indeed,. since be has become so magnified as to be the
embodiment the great wheel which is to put in mo
tion all tiie other wheels. These are facts, Mr. Edi
tor, and within the recollection of every body. Then,
sir, after having been kicked as we have, for the hon
est maintainance of honest views, which differ from
his views, we can well exclaim in the indignant lan
guage of Cassius :
. " Upon what meat doth this our Cscsar feed
That he is grown so great ? . ':
When could they say, till now, that talked of Home
That her wide walls encompassed but one man !"
In the opinions of some, however, it does seem that
theie is but one man in the whole estate, and when
ever he 'opes his mouth, the whole Whig party is
lu Oin in toe. cnurus, uiu aitvu trtumjjnc.,
It ia verv clear, sir. that our only offence is in dif
fering from Mr. .Badger. ,It is well for us, therefore,
to see from whom he have differed.. . Mr. B. is pro
bably the most jntelIectualpoljician Jn the State
an able lawyer, and a distinguished benatorinrlon
o-ress. He calls himself a vv hig. . He was once a
Federalist, if I am rightly informed, of the" Harailto
nian school, and I presume his earliest political opin
ions were of that character. ?His present doctrines
smack strongly of Federalism, wherein be claims for.
the General Government such unlimited, and such
dangerous powers. North Carolina is eminently a
Republican State, and has been from the Hillsboro'
Convention in '89 to the present time, and it is not,;
therefore, strange that men should be found' in her
borders, who cannot concur in doctrines, which have
ever been unpopular. Add to this the fact, that un
til lately, he has never been looked up lo as the.
champion of the Whig party, and we may well be
excused. ' . . .
Furthermore, Mr. Editor, in my humble judgment,
the sooner the Whig party gets to thinking for itself
the sooner it leaves off the advocacy of the doc
trine, thatou injustice is either 'necessary and pro
per,' or a 'needful rule and regalation,' the better fof
its success. The people of this State cannot and
will not, ought not, to endorse . a principle, wbieh
makes the Constitution of the country a means of
oppression to the weak, instead of a wall of fire' for
their defence ; and these political inquisitors, who as;
surae to judge of the W higisin of others, and ex-com--raunicate
them from the party, will find, too late, I
fear, that they have periled their all upon a winking;,
vessel. Let our dictators beware. They have at
tempted to tie down our judgments to the dicta of
one man, and if they continue in soch a course, it is
as certain as the sun rises in the morn that
" The day t all come, that great avenging day
Wlicn Troy's proud glories in the dust shall lay.
When Priam's power, and Priam's self shall fall .
And one vast ruin overwhelm them all."
Taylor Enthusiasm How Pumped vp. At tbe
late Whig meeting in New York, it was found e-
cessary to invoke the great' shade of the " slaughter'
ed" Henry Clay to infuse a little life into their flag-,
ging ranks. A Mr. Ulman took upon himself to
throw this all-potent element into the cauldron of
Taylorism, which otherwise refused to boil. . The
scene is thus reported :
" In the proceedings of this evening, no notice has
been taken of an event which I cannot but., consider
one of deep interest to the people of the United States
I refer to the return of Henry Clay to the United
States Senate. (Vociferous cheering, which lasted
for some minutes.)
" Voice ! Three cheers for Henry Clay I
" Hurrah ! hurrah i hurrah 1
" Three jnore ; Hurrah ! hurrah ! hurrah ! and con
siderable waving of canes and tiles.
" Henry Clay is about to return to the field of hi9
former glory. (Applause.) . Let us show to the il
lustrious statesman of the West that our appreciation
of his character, our gratitude for his services, and
our love for his person (enthusiastic applause) are as;
deep, as warm, and as oinuipressnt as they ever were
(applause;) and that we still hold him, as we have
ever held him, enshrined in the inmost temple of our.
hearts. (Applause and waving of hats.) I love to
pronounce the name of Henry-Clay. (So do I ; so do
I. Applause.) W'e shall see him again take his place
at the head of our ranks, and I feel convinced that
the Administration at Washington will rejoice to lean
on his great arm. (Applause.) I trust that we shall
fall back on the old, honest and old-fashioned plat
form. (Applause.) There is no other situation for
the Whig party,"
The Albany Atlas happily says thereupon,
" History tells of a Tartar Khan who not content
with conquering and executing a rival chief, Kiska,
flayed him and took h'13 hide for a drum. This is
somewhat the way in which the Taylorites, after
dispatching Clay in the Philadelphia Slaughter-house,
make use of his remains."
Thomas H. Benton. Our readers are well ap
prised of the fact that this gentleman has been " stum
ping it," for some months past, throughout the length
and breadth of Missouri, with the view of enlighten
ing the poor benighted citizens of that State, on the
subject of slavery! We have read a number of bis
speeches, proclamations and letters indeed, all that
came in our way, in hopes of finding some redeem
ing paragraph. But, alas ! the search was made in
vain. A love of truth now requires us to assert, that
he is either stark mad, or a double-refined traitor.
i he Legislature or Missouri instructed him, in a
series of well drawn and patriotic resolutions to vote
against the Wilmot Proviso, and all measures having
for their object an odious,- degrading and unjust dis
crimination against the slave-holdinz States. He
immediately left his residence in Washington City,
and so soon as he touched the soil of Missouri, he
commenced a most furious and blackguard war, not
only upon every member who voted for those resolu
tions, but upon all those who approved and sanctioned
them, whether former friends or foes. None escaped
his wrath, who dared to question the orthodoxy of his
opinions. They were either knaves or fools, and no
mistake. Such unprovoked, unprincipled and disgust
ing scurrilities soon brought into the field a host of
noble spirits, who are giving him battle in gallantand
glorious style. They are rakingr him fore and aft
in hull, masts and rigging. Nothing can now 6ave
him but the intervention of thewhigs. Without their
aid he is " gone," ''smashed up" and " used up "
God speed the work of demo-
Jyashville Union. "
Glaring Facts. Under this head, that spirited
and able paper, the New Haven Register, thus point
" Never was a President so accidentally elected,
and so poorly qualified for a high civil station, as
Gen. Taylor. Never was so-' much duplicity used
in an election, and never did an administration lose
ground so fast and so early as the present. Never
was a President so unlucky in his cabinet, in making
appointments, in dispensing his patronage, and in the
character of his leading partisans. Never was the
doom ot an administration so plainly seen as the pres
ent. Never did the political pot boil such material to
the top as Truman Smith, Greeley and Fitz Warren."
General Taylor is the first instance in the United
States, where a man was elevated to the Presidency
while holding a high commission in the Army. ' CoU
Bliss is the first officer in the Army who has had a
furlough, of indefinite duration, extended to him. in
uruet to euauie mm iu wan upon me rresiaeni or tne
United States. Lieut. Maury, of. the Navy, is the
first officer in that service vrho was ever appointed
President of a great political Convention ! The Army
and Navy are now decidedly in the ascendant, and
the present may truly be termed the " heroic age."
. Norfolk Jrgns.
Breaking Ground. Yesterday the Seaboard and
Roanoke Railroad Company made a beginning in the
reconstruction of th'13 important work of improvement.
Quite a number of the citizens of Norfolk and Portsmouth-
assembled to witness the interesting com
mencement, and a handsome collation was served op
on the occasion in the Town Hall by the citizens of
Portsmouth. Several speeches were delivered at the
festival, and every thing passed off in the most sat
isfactory manner, and in the finest spirit. It was an
nounced that the company would have the Road com
pleted in the short period of six months. lb. 1
1 f ...... ;,
Awful. The Clearspring Sentinel says : A
young man, named Cox, who was working in a Lock
on the seven mile bottom during the cold days of last
week, became somewhat provoked by the cold, and
presumptuously proclaimed" he wished he was with
)n the gates of . hell, so that he would be out of this
cold world," in five minutes afterwards a portion of
the surrounding rocks and earth fell in upon hira.
killing him instantly.- What an awful warning to
blasphemers! . . ..... .-.,.,.'. .
. " , ' .. , f
" Baton Rouge, (Louisiana) the residence of Gen
eral Taylor, lias given a large Democratic gain. So
Old Zack's " neighbors have rebuked him for his
treachery and ingratitude.
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