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MESSRS. CLINGMAN AND MANGUM.
(ve present below, from the Washington Union, eTj interesting and important Correspondence place between Senator -?,;ch ha recenuy w-.cu ttP of Mississippi, and Mr. Ulingman, ot tins I"""' . r, on the Slavery question. Air Clingniull uic n iu kiuo view ui una auowi v- question; and we doubt not that his sentiments 'J opinons in relation 00tn 10 the Wilraot Proviso ' j abolition in the District of Columbia, as announc- j his letter below, will meet a cordial response, got only tne bosoms of his constituents, but from people of North Carolina at large. e are gratified to learn that Mr. Senator Mangum .(incurs fully" in the "general conclusions arrived jtjQMr. Clingraan'8 letter, and that it is his purpose make known his views on this subject, at length, jtao ear,y day. What will the Raleigh Register say i Will that paper still cling to Mr. Badger? Alii it continue to pronounce the Wilmot Proviso j abstraction, and, in common with Horace Greely, the Philadelphia News, and other Freesoil organs, ice l"at Wyrma fut tilled this question for her- ' 4 exchding Slavery 7 W e tell the Register at oBf(?t so far as California is concerned, that the end is tftct. What does that paper say to a Southern Conven tion, at the proper time? Does it fear to speak out? las the Star struck it dumb ? But aside from these considerations, we commend Mr. Clingrnan's letter to " the attention of the Editor, and especially that signi ficant P. S., in which it is stated that Mr. Mangum foa no' concur with Mr. Badger on the Proviso ques ton. By the way, when Mr. Mangum voted for Qeyton's Compromise, and Mr. Badger against it, ' the Register justified both, while it denounced the Compromise thus evincing a consistency for which Jjat sheet, above all others, is remarkable. But we Irtve the Editor, in his extremity, to his wits, and 0,ir readers to the Correspondence ; Jtlerfrom Mr. Foote, of Mississippi, to Mr. ding man of North Carolina. Washington, November 10, 1849. Sir: Being casually informed of your recent arrival in this city, I seize the opportunity of inviting your attention to a subjectof high importance to the whole country, and of especial concern to the southern States of the confederacy one of which you have the honor to represent in the councils of the nation. The ses sion of Congress is almost at hand, and indications are abroad, and every moment multiplying, which serm to render it quite probable that the Wilmot Pro t'uo and the abolition of slavery in lite District of Co lumbia will be again brought forward either in the Senate or House of Representatives, and supported bf the zealous and unscrupulous advocates of these two mischievous measures with increased violence confirmed pertinacity. It is most evident to me hat the Union itself will be put in serious jeopardy bv the movements thus menaced, as I hold it to be certain that no State of the South will patiently ac quiesce in either of the aggressions alluded to. 1 worret to perceive that there is an erroneous impres sion widely prevalent in the North that the South is thither in carnal nor united in any scheme of opposi tion and resistance to the insulting encroachments uuw so fiercely threatened. If this impression is permitted to remain uncorrected until either of the i meditated outrages reierreu 10 snail nave Deen perpe trated, it is to be feared that it will be too late to save thp republic ifoui consequences too dreadtul to be r i i . . - r.i: r r::....i.. contempiawu uuuu. ,h.m.vo . l 1 . . Limn j it i nn firm pnninfinn that II i the sober thinking men of the fret Slates could once ascertain the dangers that demagogues and fanatical 2"it::t0i-s are fast bringing upon them and their unof fending brethren of the South, by the advocacy of schemes of injustice and oppression which cannot possibly result in practical benefit to any section or State of the confederacy, the would rise up, without further delay, and say to the agents of sedition, who b:.v heretofore sported with their credulity and abused hr-irronfidei.ee, that the period has at length arrived ncn they will not longer permit therti, in their name, to twin pie the sacred provisions of the constitution Ef.bi-r toot, and embroil the legislative councils of the ration in unseemly and wicked controversy. Taking view of the matter, and knowing that you have hi an opportunity of conferring freely during the jist summer with your fellbw-ciiizens of North Car olina, I venture to lay before you the resolutions re cently adopted by the southern convention ol the Mate "of .Mississippi, and call upon you to say wheth er or not vou approve them, and whether they are, in yonr opinion, approved in the State of North Carolina izi tiie South generally. Being a prominent mem ber cf the whig party, you will doubtless feel author ized to speak, in language too explicit to be misun derstood, as to the probable action of your political associates in the South, should the present sectional rcntest be pushed to extremities. In the convention af .Mississippi, yon will observe, both the two great ?:iiticil parties of the country were equally repre sented ; the resolutions unanimously adopted by that !!y may be therefore regarded as declarative of the -iewsand feelings of the whole State. However it any possibly bff elsewhere, I can assure you most confidently, that the people of Mississippi look upon the slavery question, in its existing aspects, as aoove Partv. I "am well satisfied that this is the condition of things generally in the South ; and I hope that you will feel justified in expressing: a concurrent opinion. I had the honor of addressing a few days since in quiries similar to those now propounded to you to your dUtinguished colleague, the Hon. Willie P. Mangum, who proposes, so soon as the physical in disposition with which he 1s at present afflicted will permit, to declare his views upon the whole subject in a somewhat extended form. I am gratified to know, and to be specially authorized to state, that he fully and warmly approves the proceedings of our Mississippi convention; as was certainly to be ex pected from one always ready heretofore, as he has been, to defend the honor and safety of the South against aggressions either actual or meditated, from vhatever quarter they might emanate. I have the honor to be, very cordially and respect fully, your friend and obedient servant, H. S. FOOTE. Hon. Thos. L. Clisomax. Reply of Mr. Clingman to Mr. Foote. Citjt or YVashixgtox, November I3, 1849. Bea sib : Yours of the 10th instant has been re ceived, m which you ask my own views, as well as oy opinion, as to what will be the course of the South fa either of the contingencies referred to. x our pi siiioo as a representative of one of the States, and the consideration due you personally, meritalike a prompt Hating on former occasions given my views in de tail with reference to the whole subject, it is not ne cessary for me to do so at this time. I proceed, there fore, to give vou simply the general results of my re sections. The federal government, because it is the govern AtUof the United Slates, is the trustee and agent for the States and their citizens. Every power, there fore which it can rightfully exercise it must of ne ity exercise for the benefit of all the parties to iu f!)e territory of the United States being the common Pperty, the government is bound to administer it as "fas practicable for tne benefit of all the States as e'l as their citizens. A difference, however, exists i?!orJthern in relation to the institution of slavery. jV'en the constitution was formed twelve of the ""rteen States were slaveholding. The instrument, though it has clauses expressly inserted for the pro action of the rights and interests of slaveholders, Stains no provisions for the abolition of slavery p wnere. If the government, therefore, can proper Jferci8e such a power in any instance, it must be ruse its duties as a general agent, acting so as to ?eet the interest and views of its principals, require But fifteen of the thirty States of tho Union still "Jtain the institution of slavery. It is obvious, ?ercfore, that the government could not, oonsistent- I ith its powers as a general agent, exclude the aveholders as a class from all participation in the Jojment of the territory of the United States. It 70n the contrary, under solemn obligations to res j the rights of all. It has always heretofore, as I naeratand its action, shown a sense of this obliga- W'kor. .k u ..II.-j j: ,l.f 'bJ which the territorv north of the Ohio river , his ICIIIILMJ HIT 111 UI WO VV made free, all that portion of country "ver to the Gulf of Mexico was left to soutn ot be occu- pied by slaveholders. .' When slavery was abolished in the northern part of the Louisiana territory, the southern portion, regarded as the most suitable for slaveholders, was left to be so occupied. On the ani neton of Texas, when provision against slavery north ot 36 deg. 30 min. was incorporated, much the larger and more valuable portion was left still for the use of slaveholders. But it is now proposed to adopt the policy of ex cluding slaveholders, as such, from all the territory of the United States. This would be an entire revo lution in the action of the government a revolution which could not occur without a total violation of the spirit and essence of the constitution. Since those citizens who do not own slaves are permitted to oc cupy every part of the territory of the Union, it has been doubted by many whether the government can rightfully exclude slaveholders from any portion of the common property. But. even if there should be a power to divide the public territory for convenience between the two classes, it is perfectly clear that there can be no right to exclude one close entirely. I have heretofore said that I should regard such an ex clusion as being as great a violation of the constitution as the government could possibly commit. But even if this action should be viewed simply as an enormous abuse of power, it would be not the less objectiona ble. The government has unlimited powers in rela tion to the establishment of post offices throughout the Union. If, however, it were to withdraw all the post offices from the slaveholding States, on the ground that the citizens of those States were not worthy of the countenance and aid of the government, we should have as much reason to complain of such action as if it involved a clear infraction of the letter of the constitution. In a word, if the government should adopt tho pol icy of excluding slaveholders, as such, from all the territory of the United States, it wonld in substance and effect cease to be the government of the United States. While the form of the constitution might re main the same, its character would be essentially changed. Ought the sonthern States to acquiesce in this great organic change in our political system ? Ought they to remain members of an association which had. in utter disregard of plain constitutional guaranties, degraded them from their position of equality ?-As history furnishes no record of any people who have prospered after they had forfeited their self-respect. Dy suDmuung to be degraded to a state ot political vassalage, I hold it to be the duty of the southern States to resist this change. That resistance, to be effectual, should be commensurate with the violence of the attack. This they owe to the cause of con stitutional liberty, to justice, and their own honor. With reference to the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia, I will simply say that, waiv ing all controversy in relation to constitutional right, and obligation to the adjoining States, if such an event were to occur at this time, it would not take place in obedience to the wishes of the citizens of the District, but would be brought about at the in stance of the inhabitants of the States. But these persons have no right to control the local affairs of this District. Should Congress, therefore, thus act at their instigation, it would be guilty of an act of tyranny so insulting and so gross as to justify a with drawal of confidence from such a government. You ask, in the second place, what I believe like ly to be the course of the South should such a con tingency occur? There was but one of the States having any considerable number of slaves in relation to which I had any doubts. From her frontier posi tion, and the powerful influences brought to bear on her. I had some fears as to what might b the action i of Kentucky. But I have been gratified beyond ex ! pression by the gallant stand which that noble State j has recently taken. - She has thereby shown that ! she will not abandon her sisters in the hour of dan fjjer, but that she will, if necessary, take the front nnk in the stride for the preservation of the rights - . I ri and liberties of the white race of the South. The union of both parties in Mississippi is a type of what will occur elsewhere. The southern States ought to have bnt one feeling on this question, as they can have bnt one destiny. I have no doubt but that over the entire South there would be a vastly greater unanimity than existed in the old thirteen slave Stales when they decided to resist British ag gression. If a few individuals should attempt to take a different course they would be swept away in the general current. Lnng before the struggle should come to the worst the South would present an un broken front. I am not aware, sir, that in making so brief and concise a statement of my views 1 incur the risk of misconception and ot misrepresentation, but 1 should feel that I did not appreciate the momentous nature of the subject if I could attach consequence to mere personal considerations. Very respectfully, l our obedient servant, THOS. L. CLINGMAN. VIAN. i, it1ras Hon. H. S. Foote. P. S. Since the above letter was written been submitted to my colleague, Mr. Mangum, and he concurs fully in all its general conclusions, and avows his purpose to make known his views at length at an early day, and entertains the opinion that the federal government has no power to legislate on the subject of slavery either in the States or the Territories, and that all precedents, whether legisla tive or judicial, because adopted without dueconsid eration, are not obligatory. !ECEP' TION OF OUR MINISTER TO SPAIN. The Madrid Gazette of the 15th ult. says that her most gracious majesty received on the previous eve ning, in private audience, the Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, (the Hon. Mr. Barringer,) who on deliver ing his credentials, said : " Madam, the President of the United States has charged me to give your majesty every assurance of the ardent and sincere desire of the Government of the United States to continue and to confirm the friendly relations which happily exist between the two countries. To preserve the public peace, and guard inviolably the faith of public treaties, have al ways been considered amongst the highest auties of supreme authority, and especially so in an epoch full of improvement in the arts and sciences, and notable for the ameliorations that may increase the happiness and prosperity of nations. Permit me to express to your majesty my personal satisfaction at having to re side in your court, and having been elected as a means of official communication between your maj esty's government and that of the United States. I hope to bnite my personal desires to those of the Government I represent, to maintain the most ardent friendship and peace between th two countries, so tightly drawn together by reciprocal interests, and so amicably united by historical associations." The Queen made an anatagous reply. Extract from a letter from one of the most distin guished Republicans in this State, to the Editor of the Standard, dated November 17, 1849. The proceedings of the Mississippi Convention had not escaped me. The speech of Judge Sharkey is excellent, and his arguments conclusive. The Res olutions are conceived in the proper spirit, and char acterized by proper energy and self-respect. They unquestionably present the only position which the South can occupy, without the humiliation of submit ting to insult and dishonor. The proposition for a general Southern Convention I am inclined to think premature. It is the last move a dernier resort, and policy seems to demand its postponement until all other modes of redress and defence have failed. It should be preceded by separate State action, as the safest, the most dignified, and the least menacing. And I unhesitatingly give it as my opinion, that the crisis and the danger demand now, at this time, that separate State action prompt, decisive, unequivocal ; with a calm. and respectful remonstrance against the perpetration of wrongs and insult by our Northern brethren, and a fresh avowal of an inflexible resolve to stand by the Union (as priceless as we may deem it) only so long as it shall prove a shield of equal rights to us and to them, ' The causa of Internal Improvements must be on ward and forward. The rich resource. of the State must be developed the inoubua which eripples the enterprise and labor of our citizens must be removed. The spirit -of the last Legislature on this subject should not be permitted to languish. Whig and De mocrat, East and West, should oome to the work of regenerating the Old North State, like dutiful sons. 'influenced by a high sense of filial obligation." EXECUTION X)F HILDRETH,B1 We do notknowrwhenwe have been more shocked than we were on reading the following account of the execution of Robert Hildreth, in Richmond County, extracted by the Times from the . Fayetteville Obseri ver. tWe ; had seen some allusion before to the blunder committed by the Sheriff, and to his trepidation on the occasion ; but .Ihis : extract from the Observer places the details of the execution before the mind's eye with terrible distinctness : '' , ... "A man who had been reared in total ignorance of the Christian dispensation, whose life had been spent in vice, and who, in a state of intoxication, had hur ried a fellow being into eternity, brought to a true sense of his condition a short time berore -his own dissolution, now submitted with humility to an igno minious death, willing to atone to his country for the violation of her laws, and trusting to the mercy of God through the merits of Christ's death. At length, the last prayer being finished, the priestly farewell being spoken, the executioner of the law proceeded to discharge his duty. Hildreth arose, though hum bled as before, yet with an air of dread. Perhaps the natural fear of death, perhaps a cruel doubt of the future, darkened his heart. Then all was clear again. Without any excitement to sustain him, without any attempt to address the people, without any apparent notice of those who surrounded him, he met death with a courage, a composure, which hope of Heaven alone could give- But see 1 the axe glitters, the trap door falls, and Hildreth swings by the neck. For half a minute he remains motionless. Is he dead? Can his own weight, without falling one inch, have broken his neck ? No ! Poor fellow he expected one pang, and that his last. But the fatality which often leads Sheriffs to gross negligence in executing the law, must cost him now a world of woe. With a convulsive effort he reaches the platform, and stands again on earth, alive. The cap had fallen from, his face. The blood was already fast rushing upwards. But his large and muscular neck prevented the rope from tightening. Even then his meekness did not leave him. He spoke, without complaint, in a clear voice that was heard with awe by every ear " Come here and fix the rope, it icon" I choke me to death " The Sheriff did go to him. First with an axe, then with a piece of scantling, he endeavored to knock away the boards. At last he pushed Hildreth'' feel from the scaffold, and hung him, inefficiently, a second time. The poor fellow made no further effort to recover himself. Finding that he was hung in a way which produced the excruciating, because gradual suffoca tion, with the blood slowly collecting on his brain through a circulation only partially impeded, the un fortunate man, compelled by the pangs which momen tarily grew greater, drew up his legs as high as pos sible, then, with all his force, threw them down to tighten the cord. Three several times, at intervals of a minute, he did the same again. Then his strug gles ceased ; his own executioner, he becomes un conscious of pain. " This is a faint picture of the agonising scene witnessed here. The Sheriff of Richmond is a man of kind feeling remarkably humane. We would, if possible, say nothing to wound him. But it becomes imperatively necessary, that the officers of justice should awaken from the lethargic indifference into which they have fallen, in executing the highest sen tence of the law. The scene at Rockingham, or something equally shocking, disgusting, abominable, j is ot irequent occurrence. It is witnessed, almost without exception, wherever capital punishment is inflicted in North Carolina. Here, in this enlighten ed State, among a Christian people, men are hung in a manner degrading to the whole community. The efficacy of capital punishment is destroyed by the mode in which it is performed. The unfortunate criminal, instead of being put at once out of misery, as even a brute would be, is kept suspended by the the monstrous butchery committed before them. The fear of a similar fate is removed from the minds of the wicked, by other and more powerful feelings. dreadful mneW. To see. nt a rrlanee. the aross misconduct of our offieprs. imncrine the eonsenuence of such an execution of a popular citizen one of powerful influence. Who can doubt that the whole neck from ten to thirtv minutes, sufferintr nain of the i most inti-nsA rharrwnthincr in ao-onv whieh the ! 1 Pray '. Tentlemen, accept my ackno insenuitv of man could hardlv increase. The snec- ! fo.r lhe friendly manner in which you have tators. instead of beintr left in a state of serious so- ! e JouJ commission, and my thanks tor lemnity, which always follows the instant transfer of i al ffood wlshes- 1 the honor to be ftllor frnm uft, t A0th or- r.r, Wrtfid t ur obedient servant, crowd would become infuriated, that the course of by ,.Ir. Squier, and invited its co-operation iu the law would be stopped, or would be accompanied j tne great work of the oceanic canal, and its co-guar-by a still deeper tragedy 1 Why then should that be I anty of the neutrality of the canal route, and the sov- done. with a noor friendless v etim. which could not safely be attempted with another?" We are not among those who indulge a sickly ojinpain; u.i wh .w of his fellow -bein with " malice aforethought. " .mntKr K a fitA r C stnA x- V. Lis fil'an fna lira .... - . . . ....... . V a r ik i pa 1 it n si nrtfpi ma si a t i.nnnion mtfhnr trtf r ia , , , . , . crime of murder; but we nojrer have and never can c affiu.o mo uutmiE . Ud...-ru...w,.....b... ...w annrovfi the custom ot hano-inr dd a human Del riff . j a a 1 like a dojr. Is it not enough that the wretch should Tl o - diel Why Should he be ehokea to death i wny .. - . , . . ... not shoot him or take off his head at one blow, and bus while he is saved from torture and those acct- ents which will occur, as in Hildreth's case, under the gallows let him have quick exit to the world to come 1 If it be asserted that a murderer deserves an ignominious death, then we would ask what is the sense of ignominy to him 1 His thoughts, if he be prepared for his departure, are fixed on other and higher things; and if still callous, and cold, and des- perate, then is the law, in its efforts to impress him with a sense of his infamy by the force of surround ing circumstances, working on thin air, or a block of adamant. Why seek to render his relations, from whom he is cut off, infamous by the manner of his punishment? And who was ever profited by going to see a man hanged ? Why not despatch the crimi nal speedily and in private 1 Hildreth must have been a brave man. It was no feeling of desperation that produced that call upon the Sheriff to fx the rope'1 that il might " choke" him "to death." He was ready; and it was cruel in the law to kill him by inches, or rather to force him to become his own executioner ! The character of the Slate is concerned in this matter. Every citi zen who may read the above account, will suffer by it in his own mind, and the State will bo injured abroad, if such scenes are permitted to be repeated. We trust that this awful affair will operate as a war ning generally to those Sheriffs who may be call ed upon to perform the very disagreeable duty of inflicting capital punishment; and that, at the en suing Legislature, our law-makers will devote some attention to the subject. If the practice of hanging criminals, or of choking them to death, should be continued, let that body at least see to it that it is done in such a manner as not to torture the condemn-, ed, nor shock the sensibilities of an enlightened Christian people. - ANOTHER SPECIMEN OF TAYLORISM. Mr. Nixoa White, of this State, has been appoint ed by President Taylor to a Pursership in the Navy. Mr. White did not volunteer, we believe, but was called by Col. Paine to his Staff in Mexico ; and this " crumb of comfort" he no doubt owes to Col. Paine's influence over General Taylor. There are thousands of Whig3 in this State who are better en- titled to this lucrative omce tnan lixon white, ana hundreds who would doubtless discharge its duties with more satisfaction to the Government than h canJ Gen. Taylor certainly has a high appreciatio of North Carolina Whigism. Gov. Morehead, Gen. Patterson, Gen. McRae, and others are overlooked, in order that Capt. Henry may act as Visiter from this State at West Point ; and such Whigs as Col. Paine, Gen. Ednej and Nixon White are appointed o important offices, while Hugh VVaddell, who look ed for the Spanish mission, and was actually recom mended for it, is put off with a tender of an Audi torship in the Post Office, Department! No wonder the Whig papers in! this State com plain. They will threaten next, but that will be all. DINNER'TO GEN! SAUNDERS. v . Il will be seen, by the following Correspondence, received just before going to press, that the citizens I of Raleigh have tendered - Gen. Saunders a Public Dinner, as an evidence of their regard-and attachment for him personally, on his return from a foreign coun try ; and that he has accepted tho same. The Din ner will take place on Thursday the 6th of next month; and the Committee to make arrangements for it consists of the following, gentlemen : James Mc Kimmon, James F. Taylor, Maj. W. J. Clark, James F. Jordan, and Dr. W.'R. Scott. ' "Raleigh, November 22d, 1849. Hon. R. M. SACNDERSSir The undersigned have been appointed by your fellow citizens of Raleigh a committee,' to express to you their gratification at your safe and happy return to your home, and to ask the pleasure of your company at a Public Dinner, on some day to be named by you. We take great pleasure in performing this duty. Having ably and faithfully represented your country at the Court of one of the oldest Monarchies of Eu rope, we are persuaded that you return to your native land with increased admiration of her free republican institutions, and a devotion to her happy form of government, which has been rendered more intense, and enlightened, by a contrast with those of other nations. W avail ourselves of this opportunity to tender to you our personal good wishes and respect. Your friends and fellow citizens, J. II . BRYAN, J. G. B. ROULHAC, C. L. HINTON, J. O. WATSON, B. B. SMITH. ,-. . Raleigh, Nov. 24, 1849. . Gsntlemeji : I accept, with great pleasure, the in vitation to a Public Dinner, which you. have been commissioned to tender me, in behalf of my fellow citizens of Raleigh, and which you have conveyed in such nattering terras in your obliging note of yes terday, as it will afford me the opportunity of express ing in person ray grateful acknowledgements to them, to whom, as well ray family as myself, feel so great ly indebted, for the very warm and kind reception with which we were met by one aud all, on our re turn home. I am flattered by the assurance you give me, in being so fortunate as to have executed the trust con fided to me in my recent mission in a manner satis factory to my own country, as I have reason to be lieve was the case at the Court, near which it was my duty to reside. It has been my fortune to be abroad during one of the most trying and interesting periods to the gov ernments of the old world ; and, whilst the policy of our own country has wisely forbid any interfer ence in the revolutions or attempts at revolution, which have taken place in almost every country in Europe, still I have watched these movements with attention and deep interest, and whether failure -or success has been the result, I have felt the more con vinced our own people have cause to be grateful for the happy form of Government with which it is their fortune to-be blessed. I do indeed return to "my own, my native land" with increased admiration for her free institutions, and iwitn tne conviction mat, out lor uie oayonet, not a ! Government in the old world, with the exception, possibly, of England, would be able to stand under its i present form for forty-eight hours. How imposing, ' then, the duty, upon one and all, to maintain our free i institutions unimpaired, to the latest posterity. As I expect to be absent during the coming week on public business, I have to name Thursday the 6th proximo, as a day most convenient to myself, should it be agreeable to you, for the proposed entertainment. w,ledgments discharg- your person- DERS. To J. H. Bryan, J. G. B. Roulhac, C. L. Hinton, J. O. Watson, B. B. Smith, Committee. irjoi-i Correspondence of the Charleston Cou I W AsmsoTOJf, November 15, 1849. j. It appears that Mr. Clayton has communicated to! i the British Government the treaty made with Nicar- i l ereigmy oi uie oiaie oi Nicaragua over the same. If the " Times " article represented the views of the British Government justly, our overture will meet . ir ,..,,. . x otK mm.iioi on, - wnicn Tins iz&eii some interest in : the question, made an objection to the assumption of i o..,. f . ; J ... c- i. V U I uuvrri iiiijcilb ill l ; 1 1 o luaiici i Ull a V lVFUiiu n it k j . - r, ; , entirely removed by what is now , J. . . J understood to be j the position of out Government. If the agreement : u 1 uA A . t-:: i i hi iiitT idWdi Diiuuiu uu ui;jii iu vjricuh lmiuiiu wt're tliat the canal siiouid be open to made only between the State of Nicaragua and the ! . " IT!..J P ... .1 . UI It 1 I oMU, ui k" u "ct'"eu l,,C3B. lv" J'-""8 Vu' u,e .Luuierniut'm " uui, iiiiiiru iu uuiuc in a pai ij iif mc aiidiiciuviiu j The Government of France must necessarily be I invited to unite in these guaranties, and not only as i to the oceanic canal, but as to the Panama rail road, j By bur treaty with New Grenada, we guaranty ! tria nantr-ilttv tC tKa Totftmne mid fliA rlnmininn r I the State. but wo h;ivc nol yct obta;ned the co.oppr. I jation of England, France, and other powers, in the j ; guaranty ; and, without that, the rail road and the i Port3 of Chagrea and Panama will become the first vtsjt.ww jm, fuwikni j uniiuiijuuuwu s it ill crwiib Ul Z war. Mr. Squier, it seems, has annexed to this Republic the island of Tigre, in the Gulf of Fonseen, the same j having been ceded by the State of Honduras. Mr. i Squier is the Diplomatic Agent of thi3 country to Central America. He says that "speedy possession will by taken" of the island "on behalf of the United States." It strikes us that this peace-loving, anti annexation Administration is going rather ahead of the "particulars" in "the bills." We shall hear more of this annexation movement on the part of Mr. Squier. If the Democrats had done this, universal Whio-ism would have been, bv this lime, in snasms of horror. We should never have heard the last of it. f Correspondence of the Washington RepublicJ New York, November 23 p. m. Henry Clay is still in our city. He paid a visit yesterday afternoon to the office of the New York Herald, to see the modus operandi of printing in that establishment.' After his introduction to Mr. Ben nett, he said that he desired to see the machinery by which so much mischief was done among us politi cians. He further added, that he hoped he might fall upon some plan to resist it. On reaching the press-room, Mr. Clay said : "This, I suppose, is tho place where you forge your thun derbolts ?" Bennett replied : "This is the region of Pluto." Mr. Clay, after further reviewing the premi ses, loft astonished and pleased with the wonderful advance and great improvement in the art of printing. U'jUlil.uiu.i ITl u.Wi li 1111 tint Mr Clayton and Mr. Ewing had a quarrel of a violent character in the Cabinet meeting on Monday. It is said to have been about the French business. We learn farther, that Squier's " annexation " of Tigre Island astounded Mr. Clayton, and called forth instantaneous demands for explanation from Mr. Crampton, the British Charge. Truly, the Regency of "the man of peace " has succeeded in effecting a plentiful crop of diplomatic emeutes and quarrels. sxicntntnut xunijuirer.- Sketches or the North Carolina Pbbss. We are pleased to notice in the Standard, the commence- . e-.t . t c -1 - n 1 .l: ment of a series 01 neicnes oi uie ness iu un State, by Col. John H. Wheeler, of Lincoln cotinty. We shall be happy to transfer such portions of this work to our columns as our limits may admit. The talents and industry of the author afford a; guarantee that these nnmbers will well repay persual,and throw itee ow I v7 light upon a subject of which but little is Known, While much IS Said. n limxngum Juumui, Present Prices. We learn that at the extensive sale of the property of B. Bonn, dee'd, in Nash coun ty, this week, one negro wheel-wright sold for $1875, and another for $1605 No. 1 field hands sold from 8700 to $80O. Wilmington and Raleigh Rail Road Stock broajrht from S10 50 to $12 per share, for $100 paid in. Tarborough Press. 11. IU. OiVUi VAiujLurVsTj0HY frox th SpvTH.' We like, at all times, to give credit when " credit is due, and if at the same time we ' can relievo -the distressed, we are doubly gratified ; we," therefore give the following rolnnr tary testimony aa to the beneficial effects of WiatarY Balsam of Wild Cherry, by the editor of the Columbia South Carolinian, who appears to have obtained great re-, lief by its uses. - Old Dominion, Portsmouth, Virginia. DE.'WniTii'i Bilsax or Wiid Ckeht. We sel dom report to patent medicines, having a great respect for the skill of the regular profession, but chance threw into our way the above named medicine, immediately af ter the close of the last session of the Legislature, when our lungs were amost dried up by the highly rarified at mosphere" of-our stove-warmed State House. The Bal sam immediately relieved us of a most harrassing cough, which threatened, our health in a serious degree. We feel that-we are indebted to it for some fifteen pounds of animal weighfe which addition once kit, cannot be for gotten. " Xofte genuine', unless signed I. Bctts on the wrapper. For salci wholesale and retail, by WILLIAMS, HAY WOOD & Co., Raleijrh N. C. The RestOrixo influence of Dr. Osgood's India Cholagogue upon constitutions impaired and injured by a residence iu bilious climates, is one of its most valua ble qualities. There are many constitutions which be come gradually undermined by miasm alc&u?cs, without even ' a day's actual confinement. In such cases the Cholagoguc acts like a charm the sallow complexion, loss of appetite, languor, weariness and depression of spirits, with other unpleasant symptoms which render life a burden all-yield to this remedy if only faithfully used according to the directions of the pamphlet which accompanies each bottle. The above excellent medicine may be found at Wil liams. Haywood, & Co., Druggists, Raleigh, N. C. At Inglcside, Hertford county, on Thursday the 15th instant, by the Rev. Benjamin Devany, Kadcr Biggs, Esq. of Bertie county, to Miss Lucy A. Myrick, daughter of Walter Myrick, Esq. of Hertford county. At Peach Tree Hill, Granville County, on Wednes day the 14th instant, by the Rev. G. W Fcrrell, Mr. John Raglan, of Halifax, Va. to Miss Ann 1. Beasley, dAghter of S. Beasley, Esq. In Greene County, on the 15th instant, by the Rev. Franklin Powell, Mr. Benjamin B. Rives to Miss Susan, daughter of Bennett W. Murphy, Esq. On Saturday morning the 13th instant, by the Rev. John H. Pickard, Mr. A. S. Williamson to Miss Sallie A. Moore, both of Caswell County, North Carolina. In Milton, recently, Mr. Nicholas L. Walker to Miss Emily F. HunJ. In. Halifax count, recently, Dr. John Burton of Dan ville, to Miss Agnes, daughter of Dr. Thomas P. Hogc. In Caswell county, on the 8ih instant, by the Rev. Z. Neal, Mr. James L. Graves to Mrs. Frances A. Kerr, widow of the late James Kerr. Also, by C. H. Richmond, Esq. F. L. R. Shelton to Miss M. A. E. Thomas, both of Halifax, Va. Near Milton, recentlv.bj N. M.Lewis, Esq. Mr. John W. McCain to Miss Mildred Ball. In Blale:t county, on the 7th inst., by the Rev. E. L. Perkins, Mr. Luther Cromartie, to Miss J ulia H., daughter of P. Cromartie, Esq. In Cumberland county, on the 7th inst,, Mr. Emanuel Branch to Miss Louisa, daughter of Mr. Cox Carte In New Hanover county, on the 15th instant, by the Rev. Colin $haw, Mr. John W. Bourdeaux to Miss Martha A., daughter of Capt. Jhn Jones, of Long Creek. In Wilmington, recently, by James L. Corbctt, Esq., Mr. James Smart to -Miss Ann Lauellin. ! In Fayetteville, on the 15th inst., by the Rev. D". J. j Simmons, Mr. Wm. R. Sikcs to Miss Louisa A Lums den. ! In Chatham county, on the 8th instant, Mr. George i Dismukes to Miss Ann Sophia Kowe. . i In Wilmington recently, Capt. W. C. Howard and Miss j ! Nancy Mcllhenny. i In Robeson county, on the 21st instant, Mr. Da ncan j B. Nicholson, merchant of Fayetteville, to Miss Sophia ! Ann Jones, daughter of Mr. Thomas Jones. In Wilmington, on the 15th inst., Mr Henry P. Rus sell to Miss Lucrctia Ellis. In Rowan Countv, on the21sl instant, bv Rev Thales McDonald, Rev. Lcmond Shell, of the North Carolina Conference, and -Mrs. ljucy rinks ton, widow oi the late Dr. F. Pinkston. In Salisbury, on the same day, by J. M. Brown, Esq., ; Mr. William Runnels and Miss Jyie lime. In Mocksville, os Thursday the 15th inst., by Jesse ! A. Clement, Esq., Mr. James Deaton, of Salisbury, and : Miss Susan Holmes, daughter of Mrs. Susan Hohnes, of j Mocksville. i In Davie County, on the same day, by Rev. B. Clegg, Mr. John D. Hall, of Salisbury, and Miss Betlie H. Rcn i shaw, daughter of the late James Rent-haw, of Davie j County. j In Concord, on the 1 1 th inst., by R. C. Cooke, Esq., Mr. Jno. R. Gorrel and Miss Nancy Heathcoek. m Lincoln v-uuiiiy on iuu 1.111 iu In Lincoln Countv on the loth inst., by W. J.Hoke , - r itisq., Air. Jacob vv uiiams to Aliss Mary L. Wise On Sunday evening, the 27th ult., by tha Rev. John B. Powell, Mr. Joseph B. Gaines to Miss Elizabeth i riMlllt't- Mil If! l,llllllril I UN 111 V . ; tt i ti r pi i, it - iiiimiiuI)uUiU InGrcensboroughon the 15th, by the Rrv. S. M. Frost, j Mr. David Dougherty to MUs Mary Jane Hendricks, y to MUs Mary Hendricks, dee'd. i daughter of Edward Hen In Wake County, on the 17th instant, suddenly, Mrs. Ann B. Whitaker, vife of Mr. Thomas J. Whitakcr. . In this County, on the 31st instant, Young Utlcy, aged 71. " Near Pink Hill, Lenoir County, on the Mth instant, Mrs. Frances Joiies, consort of A retas Jones, Esq aged 64 years. She professed religion at an early age and at tached herself to the Baptist Church, of which she con tinued a consistent and worthy member until her death. There remaincth, therefore, rest to the people of God." Her affectionate husband, who during her long illness. did .truly support her in her sore afflictions, may now be comforted w ith the blessed assurance of her eternal hap- piness, at the right hand of her Father in Heaven. L-OM. 21st ultimo, after an ill T. Headen, consort of In Chatham County, on the 11 ess of nine davs, Mrs. 'Mary JoslP" neauen. as-cu ot years; i.-aviug oenino ncr a e- l Tf. . J... I r. I. , . . , - , 1 , ; uifti uusuuiiu, iwo uiiiM. -uuiiciic uiiuiitcr, loeiner vtiiu t 1 1 n. - .1 k a it !. ; a numerous circle 01 relatives and irierms 10 mourn ncr mourn not as those without hope. She had been an ex- j emplary member of the Methodist Episcopal Church for j , a number of years, having embraced the Christian reli- gion in the- morning of life. She gave evidence of it through her whole life, bv her Godly walk and con versa- She gave evidence of it h her whole life, by her Godly walk and conversa- tion. She died as she had'lived. in a full assurance of a hapny eternity. She possessed all the social and rcli- gious virtues which it takes to make the true lady and genuine cnnstian.: Kma ana artabie in ncr manners, sweet and amiable in her disposition, she was a loving and faithful companion, an affectionate mother; kind and dutiful mistress, and a good neighbor. In short, I may in truth say, none knew her but to love her. Oh ! that my end may be as hers ; that my sun may set as hers ; not as the evening sun which is obscured by the sur rounding darkness, but as the morning star which fades away from, the more potent brilliancy of the rising sun. Communicated. In Wilmington, on 21st inst., after an illness of thir teen days, Maj.- C J. Orrcll, formerly of Fayetteville. - In 'Richmond county, on the 27th September, after a lingering illness, John Bowdcn, Esq., aged 75 years. In Onslow county, on the 14th instant, Stratton.B. Foy, Esq. aged 35 years. In Duplin -county, recently, Mrs. Susan Williamson, wife of Mr. Wiley Williamson. In Sampson county, on the 17th instant, Mr. John C. Matthis; aged about 0 years. . NOTICE. THE Annual Meeting of the Members of the " North Carolina Mutual Insurance Company " will be held at the office of the Secretary in the City of Raleigh, on Tuesday the first day of January, 1850, for the purpose of electing a Board of Directors for the ensuing year. ' JNO. C. PARTRIDGE, Secy. Raleigh, Nov. 16, 1849. - 786- Hoom fbr Six Good Boys At W. JT. Bingliaip's Select, School. rcxT session asoiKxiso 6th of Jixuni,- 1850. Clover Garden, Orange Co. N. C. ) . -fl7 Nov. 23, 1849. $ l" IfOTICE. A LL persons are hereby warned against bunting on f -toy land, near Raleigh, with doga and guns, as I am determined rigorously to enforce the law against tho3e who may do 60 hereafter. ' ' " r . . ' 1 '.-: ; JERE : NIXON.' November 22, 1819. ' 786 3t. brilliant: iitSijtf es i .r J. W. MAURY, A Co Managers - r5o,ooar Fifteen Drawn Nos. out" of Seventy-five' , Nearly as many Prizes- as' Blanks. VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY. . ; " Fvt the benefit oj Monongalia Academy. ; , Class No. 145 , for 149. To le drawn in Alexandria Va.,- on- Saturday 11foemtir Rth 1Q.IQ- " ' " " MOST"' SPLEXDID SCHKMC. r - - -' 'J"' 1 Grand" Prize of - -1 Splendid' Prize of - V -1 SpIeBdidTrize of - "' -" $50,000 2f;ooo .10.000 6,000 1 5,145 2,000 1,500 500 I ' Splendid1 Prize of' 1 do. 10 10 10 Prizes of do. ' ' do &v &c; Tickets onlv $ 15 00, Halvwr $7 so Qwartcw $3 75 Efg-hlhs'dl 87J. t;ertiticatcs or 1'ackagts of 25 Whole Tick etr.fi 1 70 00 do. do. f 25 Half do.' 85 00 do. do. of 25 Quarter do; 42 5a do. . do: . of 25 Eighth do. 21 25" Capital 8 4O,O0Cr. VIRGINIA STATE LOTTERY For the Benefit of Mononguliu Academy Class No 149, for 18411. To be drawn at Alexandria", Va., on Saturday, . December 15th, 1849. - SPLENDID SCHEMES. . . 1 Magnificent Prize of $40,000 ! 20 prizes of $4,009 .10 do of $1,693 ! 10 do. 1,200 ! 20 do. $510 ! &c. . &c. . tec. i ickcu uuij iu-naives wuriers ,ov Certificates of Packages of 25 Wholes $140 00 Do do of 25 Halves 70 00 Do do of 25 Quarters , 35 00 Orders for Tickets and Shares and Certificates of Pack ages in the above splendid Lotteries will receive themost prompt attention, and an official account of each drawing; sent immediately after it is over to all who order from it Address J. & C. MAITRY, Agents for J. W. Maukv, & Co., Managers, Alexandria, Virginia PIANOS! PIANOS! .' BALTIMORE is the largest City in the jSSSoutbcrn Btates, and her Mechanics cannot U x U "be surpassed by any Northern Cities par ticularly in the art of Manufacturing Piakos. The in struments manufactured by Anthony Kuhn & Co. have for fifteen years, in Academics, by Professors and private families, through Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia surpassed every instrument bought elsewhere in quality of tone, power and sweetness, durability and finish. All of entire iron frame, no climate or change of weather can have any cfTect on them. Principals, Trustees, Professj ors of Academies, Merchants, and the public in genera of North Carolina, wilt- please send their orders, and they shall be promptly attended to. Address Anthony Kuhn 6c Co., No. 4, Eutaw Street, Baltimore. JLisl of JPrices. . - Pianos with meralic plate, either Rosewood or Mahog any cases, sit octave, from 180 to $250. With entire mctulic frames $250 to $300. 6J octaves, aud 6, in preporfion. 7 octave from $300 to $400. July, 1819. 768 cow ly pd. OW LANDING. 100 bbls. Apples, prime. 100 boxes Bunch Raisons, now crop 50 J do do do do 50 do do - do do 3 frails Seedless do do 25 boxes Layer, do do ' " 5 bbls. Havana Oranges ; 5 casks Currents 5 boxes Citron ; 5 casscs Ginger 800 lbs Almonds ; 500 lbs, Pecan Nuts All of which will be sold at a small advance in lots to J suit purchasers. HAM'L. H. MARKS, Petersburg, Va. Nov. 19, IS 19. 785 New ItJarket Ilonse. CEALED Proposals will be received by the undersign jed until the 1st day of December. 1849, for building an additional Market House in the City of Raleigh ssrid Market House to be constructed in accordance with th plan in our possession. The plan may be seen on appli cation to Mr. John Hutching, with whom proposals may be left. S. W. WHITING. C. B. ROOT, M. B. UOYSTER, JOHN 1IUTCHINS, Committee. 785 td. Raleigh. Nov. 21. 1849. IHEY HAVE COME, 1 5,000 Principle Cigars, warranted to be genuiuc Eagle brands, the very best Principe Cigar ever offered for sale in this place. Also ! 30,000 low priced Cigars, put up in boxes of 100 each, j For a good bargain in this line, rail on j SAM'L. H. MARKS, j Petersburg, Va. j Nov. 19, 1819. - 785 j TTUST received on Consignment, a handsome lot of ; of the best Matt rials and workmanship, which will be j sold very low months, at N at retail, or to Countiy Merchants on 6 ew lork prices ana expenses irom JNcw i York. A. B. STITH, & Co. Nov. 26, 1849. 786 Kaiei; STITH & .Co., invite the attention of Coun try Merchants to a consignment of Prints, Satti- nets, Hosiery, Tweedes Cassiraeres, Kentucky Jeans, which they are authorized to sell to a punctual Merchant n- ntliL' i f iriil it nriQ Iau-ap tlion rliAtr ft n mstr i c purch3sed for. j iaie;gh Nov. 26, 1849. 786 Clotlis suit! Cassimeres. : - amj wrown Enslish and I O , " French Cloths, French and j jnericail Black and fancy Cassimercs, of the Newest stvlc, whicit we will sell unusually cheap. ' A. B. STITH & Co., Raleigh Nov. 26, 1849. 786 Changeable Chameleon Silks. j O : ; OIL VER Grey . do do. : jjFrench Merinos, Velvet Trimmings, Embroidering ! Braids. Pari3 Kid Gloves, Black Silk Fringe, and Black ; Belt Ribbons dust received bv Exprews. R. TUCKER, & SON. 786 Nov. 28, 1849. ACK Moleskin Hats, Fashion for November- one. (Jase just received.. Also receiving, urouna Allum and Blown Salt, Prime and Full Sacks. J. BROWN. :" . No, 9, Fayttevillc St. Raleigh, Nov. 28,-1849. ... 786 TUST received, a rich assortment of Silver Plated Castors, Candlesticks, and Girandoles, and Bronze Chamber Candlesticks. For Sale by PALMER &. RAMSAY. Nov. 28, 1849. ' . - ' 786 T"10R Sale, .Dollard's celebrated Ilorhanum Extract or Hair Wash. Also,- a large assortment of all kinds Perfumery. Call at. .. . - : f ..'; PALMER & RAMSAY'S. Nov: 28, 1849.' 786- Jtit -Receive!. I f BARRELS fine St. Croix Sngarf'for sale by' the JL J barrel by" A. B. STITH, & Co. Raleigll Nov. 26 1849. 786 Fancy Cassiiuere Pants. 3 DOZ. pairs just received, beautiful colors, well made, cut in the latest style. Also, 36 pairs Fine Black Doc Stin Cassiincre pants. Selling cheap. , -... E: L. HARDING. Nov. 28 th." 786- Togas and Cloaks. RECEIVED this day per Express Line, CO Togas and Cloaks, all qualities. E. L. HARDING. Nov." 28th. " " -' '76fi Over Coals : . - -DOZ. Blue Pilots, 2 doz. Blankets, 3 doz. Brack Enclish doth, heavy. E. L: HARDING. 2 Nor. 23th. . 736 Merino Shijrts.., .r..; , rr LARGE lot just opened, very cheap. --r - ' -:" E.'L. HARDING. A Nov. 28th. . ' - "66