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. - - - . . i 1 1 mil if HE ij AitWW -i- .V r-a-. j v - ' w - w.irfi 4rX"' - . Horth Carolina THE COW8TITUTIOK AND THE U1TION OP THE STATES THEY "MUST BE PRESERVED. RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 23, 1850. Number 838. XVI. Volume COMMON SCHOOLS. Office of Literary Raleigh, October 1st, 1850. w tan of the Literary Fund having made distribution of the nett Annual tn- THE President and B"JV lg50f among the several Counties of the State, for the support of come of the said folMl "jered the following tabular statement to be published, showing the federal Common Schools, haw o FaU di9tribution and the sum total distributed during the year, population Sffi&&riSn will be paid to the persons entitled , on proper The amount of Department. CHARLE S MA NLY, application to the J !" 3 r- Ex Officio Pres't, rr Of Literary Board. OO Bal. to be paid. o5. SPEECH OF MR. VEX ABLE, OF NORTH CAROLINA, Delivered in the House of Representatives of the United States, September 19, 1850, on the Naval Appropriation Bill, and against the appropriation for the establishment of a line of Mail steamers to of the character of that singular race of men. In all times they have been known to love their vessel with the ardor of attachment which binds other men to their families and their homes. Indeed, much of their efficiency is referable to that enthusiastic, that ro- mantic feeling, which causes them to feel as though the misfortune ot their snip was tneir own personal ne estaoiianmcni oi a hub ii tuau waurei. w . - . , .. . . ... . . ... calamitv. and that she came in for her full Share ot run between tne united states ana. me coast oi; , ... ht -.: whilst sailimr or fighting on her decks. But, sir, 1 have consulted Fed. Pop. Spr'gDist. Fall DisU Total Dist. Coanue Alexander Alamance Anson Ashe Beaufort Bertie Bladen J Brunswick Buncombe Burke Cabarrus Caldwell Camden Catawba Carteret Caswell Chatham Cherokee Chowan Cleveland Columbus Craven Cumberland Currituck Davidson Davie Duplin Edgecombe Forsythe Franklin Gaston Gates Granville Green Gail ford Halifax Haywood Henderson 12,957 7,269 10,437 9,485 6,658 4,419 9,606 6,184 8,383 5,000 4,999 10,190 6,047 11,885 14,116 3,347 5,229 6,625 3,505 11,155 13,125 5,860 13,599 6,818 9,311 12,736 8,552 6,705 15,330 5,407 18,117 13,100 4,854 5,814 792 444 637 579 407 271 586 378 513 306 306 622 369 725 863 212 319 405 215 682 802 358 830 416 569 778 541 372 937 330 1,107 800 298 302 Do for am't due from Rutherford Co., Hertford 6,165 377 Hyde 5,579 341 Iredell 14,195 867 Johnston 9,205 562 Jones 3,818 233 Lenoir 6,130 375 Lincoln 10,190 622 Macon 4,722 289 Martin 6,510 398 McDowell 4,658 286 Mecklenburg 15,740 962 Montgomery 5,077 310 Moore 7,400 452 Nash 7,565 462 New Hanover 10,760 658 Northampton 10,665 652 Onslow 6,430 392 Orange 21,570 1,317 Pasquotank 7,398 453 Perquiinous 6,168 378 Peson 8,050 493 Pitt 9,545 583 Randolph 13,313 753 Richmond 7,357 440 Robeson 9,216 563 Rockingham 11,610 711 Rowan 10,760 658 Rutherford 12,136 831 Am't to be deducted for Henderson Sampson Stanly Stokes Surry Tyrrel Union trVake Warren Washington Watauga Wayne Wilkes Yancy 10,385 4,709 15,190 14,365 4.093 17,920 9,645 3,835 9,420 11,025 5,850 655,093 635 288 928 878 251 1,095 589 236 576 675 358 40,000 1,232 692 993 902 634 421 914 588 797 476 476 969 575 1,130 1,342 319 498 630 334 1,061 1,248 558 1,292 649 886 1,210 813 638 1,457 515 1,722 1,246 462 552 228 587 531 1,350 875 364 583 969 450 619 444 1,496 483 704 720 1,023 1.014 612 2,050 704 587 766 908 1,266 700 877 1,104 1,023 1,153 I 228 j 988 448 1,444 1,366 390 1,703 916 365 896 1,048 557 2,024 1,136 1,630 1,481 1,041 692 1,500 966 1,310 782 782 1,591 944 1355 2,205 531 817 1,035 549 1,743 2,050 916 2,122 1,065 1,455 1,988 1,354 1,010 2,394 845 2,829 2,046 760 854 964 872 2,217 1,437 597 958 1,591 739 1,017 730 2,458 793 1,156 1,182 1,681 1,666 1,005 3,367 1,157 965 1,259 1,491 2,019 1,140 1,440 1,815 1,681 1,984 1,623 736 2,372 2,244 641 2,798 75 To be paid by Orange. Africa. Mr. Venable said : Concurring as I do, Mr. Chairman, in all that the chairman of the Committee on Naval Affairs has said of the value of the navy to us as an arm of our defence, I deem it unnecessary to say much on that subject. I would be indeed in sensible to the merits of those gallant men who have so often filled the measure of their country's glory and covered themselves with honor, did I hesitate to adnnt all that he has said in their praise. It is net willing to receive them. It woald be as to expect to empty the ocean with a teaspoon as to enect this great object with a single line of steamers. would seem to be decidedly desirable. None of us can hesitate to admit that their removal would be a blessing to the white race here. Unconnected by the relation of domestic slavery to the superior race hav- ; to which this Government is expected to contribute ing an unfortunate liberty, which whilst it frees them ; annually 9480,000. Those able to pay their passage, from salutary control, subjects them to all the calara- j the most industrious, and the best, might go ; none ities of poverty and want separated from those kind j others could, for the steamer is not expected to work ly sympathies which attach to inferiors in a domestic , gratuitously. The most idle and vicious would re slavery they have all the evils incident to those i main here, and the amount of evil would be greatly who, whilst bearing a portion of the burdens, have ! aggravated, so far as the United States are concerned, no influence in the administration of the Government. Should the whole free black population consent to They constitute a political anomaly, and present a , emigrate, this Government could not refuse to join political problem of no easy solution. I should re- ! many other lines of steamers for the same purpose. hardship and exposure to danger have placed their joice at their removal, unless in doing so, I inflicted a ; and we should degenerate into an organisation for the names hih upon the roll of fame. I have not seen greater wrong than that which I intended to remove. ; purpose of exchanging the different races of mankind 1 presume that none ot us would assert the doctrine trom one portion ot the earth to another, that this Government has a Tight to force them to j Mr. Chairman, neither colonization nor commerce emigrate to Africa. Such an exercise of power j ever succeeded by this system of hot-house culture, would be an unmixed act of tyranny and oppression, j Supply and demand the desire of gain, and energy and would most justly render us odious to the world. in industrial pursuits, protected by the laws, are the This Government could not properly or constitution- elements of prosperity and nothing else is or should ally create or employ agents to pursuade them to con- i be. Admit the propriety of such a connection with sent to emigrate. Force is out of the question. How, j the interests of corporations and individuals, and you then, sir, would the scheme be effected 1 There are j will make this Government a jobber, in every species regular packets to Liberia now, and occasional ships I of industrial pursuits, from the manufacture and sale for the transportation of all such persons as may de- J of revolvers to the construction of ships. If the Gov sire to emigrate. The appeals from the Colonisation j ernment may properly select classes for emigration, Society are made to the public, not for ships but for j they may also regulate our domestic relations, and in passage money to pay the expenses of emigiants j a few years we shall know no authority but that ready to go ships waiting to carry them, but the i which exists in the General Government, and feel the passage money wanting. The difficulty is not the effects of an accumulated debt and the oppression of that the steamers are constantly exposed todisastei ! want of means of conveyance, but of the money to I unmitigated taxation. If colonization is a legitimate nrovide for the necesities. and render efficient the all- j that they must wear out, become old, and, as war I indemnify the ship-owner who conveys them. 6ir, j enterprise, we shall have enough to do: the field is imnortant and hiahlv-valued navy of the country. 1 steamers, valueless ; and il taken oy uie uovermucim n um oojeui was uiuic Kimac u , hu?h uuuc.upuwmmu win mrnisn . old officers of the navy, whose faces have been bron zed by the vicissitudes of climate, and whose servi ces to their country whilst acquiring the indicim of the first one (although, doubtless, there are some who ! may hold the opposite opinion) who has expressed I the belief that those vessels now in the mail service ! would make efficient war steamers. Their construc- .1 ...in.;..ikonii nnr tn aniMui a the value tinn lhoir fWks. and cabins. all forbid it. And the IUCI l CUIjl"u'J ' "" ...... , ... ' 1 , f of the service which that arm of our defence has al- ! alterations to be made would be so material as to tor ways rendered to the country that I rise on this occa- j bid all idea of economy in taking them rather than sion to address the committee. History has given j build new ones. They are not believed capable ot them immortality, and every American heart swells j carrying cannon sufficiently heavy lo make them val with pride and is filled with gratitude when the mer- uable tor that service; and upon the whole, are not it of our gallant tars is the subject of remark. They, j adapted for effective employment in the vicissitudes like the army, have won their high position with the j of maritine war. American people, and it would be an ungrateful task to j Again, sir, the scheme would seem to include no undertake to displace them, since they are so deserv- i idea of the wear and tear of those vessels. It pre ing of our admiration and esteem. My purpose is , supposes both immortality and indestructibility in ithe entirely different. It is, by consulting a strict and ships themselves iust economv. to be able to take care of the rights, j j We cannot be ignorant of the fact, 75 75 1,173 1,217 75 to be paid by Stokes. 75 to be paid by Lincoln. cannot be unmindful of the fact, that the only way to preserve their efficiency and to reward the services oi those faithful and gallant menthe only mode of re taining for them the hib place which they now oc cupy in the affectious of the people, is by a just re- 4a aKaw hrannhfiC fT I II R HKfV LCC-OCVUiiiiE r. .u a; r fi,nritiam and the censure of steamer, has been injudiciously built, it is no reason iifiii iiiiiii iiirr iJiiiLiii iu i v . -m t i 7 ? J:i nf the mihlie monev. that th pvi! should be reoeated. Malutwus oooien nmnvinir a nroaiviii Bueuiniiu i j it mnstaluavs be at valuation, and that aluation, we know, will be favorable to the owners, and against the party who purchases. The Treasury advances money for the right of taking possession of the steam er, upon paying full value to those who are owners and nnrnnrolnra. If the Saranac. or any other war and our powers, we are in advance of the demand, j enterprises sufficiently numerous and important toat- we would be preparing lor emigrants Deiore we nave iraci our attention, anu employ our energies. The ascertained that any considerable number desire lo : partners and dependents on the Government and the emigrate. j Treasury will constitute a trained band, who can sub- And here, Mr. Chairman, 1 would give expression : sidize the press, manufacture public opinion, control of my apprehension as to the final result of the Col-1 elections, and govern the people. To such a con onizaiion enterprise. It has always had my sympa-' summation things are rapidly hastening, and the sov thy and my approbation. For many years I was a ereignty of the States, in the process of absorption . . i . i ".t 1- ... a I. a m ham an ant . Avn K a 11 rs ti moli rtsfto ? h ioh if l c noon luOC Tor inn lil' lhi frrtr t Tri nni n afl a a Imnnln.. J I I . Tho hiiihpat pxnenditure sir is inconsistent wiin me dm til a Known misiaKe ougm nov w - a . nicmuci. "-""o"""-t- - , "j b"-" f'--r1- wi "wwwji au an party thZrv nr nractice of the lowest taxes. It would be ! for another of the same kind. If the Government j to detail, rendered it proper for me to withdraw from names and party organizations, are tending to the ineory or prac nr ,u. ' u j ne ......orc fr.r nnmnam of defence, let us i the society, but 1 am now. as ever, its friend. I re- same result. For one. I shall adhere tn the nni;n ftfVIIVJ objects for which are worthy of the convenient tor the receivers oi uitj uwuuvj u.; naa iiccu wi o.ta....-r.r : , , . .. - s I ' if., AiA not immediatelv exhaust the sources of build them, and have them ours, and unaer our own' gara it wnn peculiar lavor as a missionary enwrpnw : wnicn umus our uovernmeni to tne auonlv and terminate in bankruptcy of the Treasury. I control. .. I T? Pavment ot..one instalment ot a debt which ; ,t was created, and which alone I wonM here remark that the republican school to But, sir, there is another and a most grave ODjec- , civilization as wen as cnnsuaniiy ciaime oi us as uue respect ana veneration or ireemen. which 1 belong has uniformly resisted large expen- tion to this whole project. It is making this Govern- j to Africa. Most cheerfully will I aid in making the There is yet another objection to nit. re Our creed is as near an approximation to ! ment a party to the acts and enterprises, the risks i payment, and in aiding any willing emigrant to re- j of the interests ot this Government . ... i . I f ; . AAB aaa it 10 hrinrr. mnu itah , ro nnhiif ni I .1 iwmfl . 1 1 a a nppn otmno rt i nnivin na o at Antt 150 150 780 381 725 75 Ded'd for Gaston. 894 150 381 e . j : . J mil toviitinn. mnneraie nnrl cr.pon latinns oi Drivaie tree traue as is yuamuic 11 h i m . j , . u. Wo Mnnl a nation- !nr tho nnwer of the Treasury and the innuence 01 salaries, ana no nauoiiu. uCU.. - , , r - . 1 , , tn h in now. al debt as inconvenient and ultimately as ruinous as an :any ao ministration "J, "-rr - r n i j-l. xr- oiu'ova mvn tt( al me cr. to mincrie in lie comiuercmiuoiicci u i . innivinnai iimiii wan iinvc, u i n u w - - i - m - thought of the dominion talisus and corporators ; i of a system which consumes labor in the payment oi an aristorracv of wealth I . 11 It-- nnivvMirl'l. not enjoyed the reputotion oi iioeraiuy in fp"- .- ? mi i ni kM often been char?' lions ior national wuiiiuaj, anu . - - . ...... pj :. a pontracted spirit towards great enterprises, keep in existence classes oi persons who iwuk to WXSSSTtSl by the chairman of the Government not only for support, but for wealth ; to ?PSAnf toLher with the deficiency bill, strengthen and increase that centripetal force which the "ioat office bill, the permanent and indefinite ap- is daily drawing!! the powers ot the Mates, as wen onrtations for riw harbor, fortificalions, private as the energies of the people, to the vortex ot this propnaiions ior rivers, lu. , tom,,W in I niuZ fiMnonl. Government, sir, is an evil rrencn spoliations, an wmf ... , ,,....w. .. .-, - claims, and French spoli: coni unction with the ten the complication with the specu- Steo vou increactA an interesting, and, so far, quite a successful experi- j the influence, the pressure from without, to affect the ment at colonization. Its continual prosperity as . legislation ot the country. You create local and sec- well as its final success would greatly delight me ; : tional interests you enlist capital and create power must finally se- patronage which is con- insensible of the pon this House. favors, the mnn. tion of those causes so prolific in producing effects ; terprising and brightest specimens of the African race ey and the lands of this Government, which would which are to centralize all power here; to create ana trom tins country, i lie nis'.ory oi colonization nas fj on the separate merits of each, are .triumphant been the same in an ages, ana amongsi an peopie. i when sustained by a union with those having a sim Men of high courage, strong will, and fixed purpose, ! jar object in view. 1 have, within a few days, seen lead the van in emigration. It takes all of these Ln application for lands to make a railroad referred to qualities to contend successfully with the perils ot a j a committee, and receive its quietus, when it was first settlement in a hostile country. They succeed, ! ,Voweii bv the friends of that svstem of imnrovement whilst tamer and weaker spirits stay at home. Those , to be a test question, as to all similar applications : m i i . . i . i vi A a inniuin iim i k hiit t a a ar tint ninn r n i f n mj nil 1 1 1 iiiiini ci' ;i v mlh i r itn rt j nmrin nrmn nwtrt a a aa of banks and broKers, capi- , try to become competitors wwi i -.j j w.uu...u..w nuu and have an utter abhorrence for freight, postages, and passengers to throw the : whelm and destroy it than the suden transier oi me cure the control ot all the . 11 . i . i r .i... 'I' t tio rrrD'.i t fvr.nk.mL' niin i tinn rvf IhA 1 I nltpfl .Ntalpy In TM:IT If P. Aunlruafl here njnna r f ,.B nt. U . the trulls ot nauonai mtffnt oi tne capital oi tne icasu.j ... g.-j iiccuia p(.u..iv.. v. - ; - " . mm van uc j .u ...,r.rt , n t. oai ia invar ot one set ot per- did ic. J hose who are mere now, ana controlling , effects ot such combinations, even inierest anu buwi.. v. v.u.t. ....v . ' . - - , v. .k.. renn we have ! enne nnH mraintjt another. It is but another raminca-1 the government ot Liberia, are me uesi, me most en- Measures tor the distribution of the M Vft mmrmm 150 Ded'd for Or- 1,900 ange and Alamance. CUI1JUUVUU.. V n.ooont lha annnllinor sum of more than seventy mil lions of dollars, voted and to be voted by this Ses- nf nrofound peace, with olull Ul VUHl'icoot - - - ail aov" 1 o I' w " 1 , . f . . t l AC' I . ' -j r-..v.ivMw m, millions voted to Texas, ; in itself, and thtf e people are happiest and freest who : who now rule in Liberia were Africans whose ances-j and on the succeeding day a combination of such k.. ,ku louot i' mint ni it that is necessary to give 11 U V O tilt' J ,t - ar - tnritv tn nrn ririv and to life. Whatever increases i J its power or complicates great, the machinery because cumulative; great, . f jp I . . aa4 ,i r anr. ever acquires, eitner oy irauu orioror, au no.c. -u...i o ovoom tn the strontr impulse of tt-ar, or the Id.UCta, Vv . w . stroHfiror arm ol revoiuuon. It is because all enicr- 75 75 Deducted for Forsythe. 150 625 925 1,369 1,553 ruuKlwu. ... w r , . i:...n ...a ovppnfl hv near ovil . no cause tor unusual expeuunuic, j . fifteen millions the expense ot Oovernment wneu ... the midst ot the Mexican war, with fifty thousand f i i i .I... .... ;.. full otnnlnvment. I b " : Z I Vsnt &-J fatten that ! pl which make this Government a partner witii the Democratic Administration of 1840 was broken down for an expenditure of fifteen millions just ten . nA ihpv will not IOOK Willi iwiw"i" . . i. ... in: ...k.nk tliev hi ot seveniv-nve mmiuuo, j tors and themselves had experience of the ameliorating influence of civilization for more than a century and a is a greatj had. None who have observed minutely, can be un because it ! mindful of the fact, that the improvement is most manifest in successive generations in the wild and un tamed African, such as was originally sold on our measures received the sanction of this House. The short Alabama railroad failed, but when one hand was extended from the lakes, it was met by another stretched out from the Gulf of Mexico. . They grasp ed, and under their resistless pressure millions of acres of the public domain passes from us to corpor ations and speculators, i nave looked with sorrow will not mean to con- 55-100 1,505 55-100 601 1,472 1,723 915 nn a i..,o. n fnnt nn Knr mvselt. 1 do cur in any such expenditures, and am gratified that .u u-:- fr Stantnn has disclosed to us that me una 1 1 man -- . . there is not only a possibility, out P"?""'' reducing the estimate some two millions ot dollars. He shall have mv cordial support in nija; retrenchment, and my thanks for every effort wnicn he may make in that way. The estimates now re ported show about tne same expeiiunu. . - nn rincr the war. although.our country is at prnce, shores. Intelligent, deserving, and enterprising men of that cast have gone lorward, and atter the tuteilageot an(1 with 8hame at the effects of such a avatem. nH a succession of white governors who have made them ; am nnw;ljnr to aid in creatinor another set nf claim. and WHO are uncouiieciKu acauaintea wun tne macniiiery oi vuveriiiiiiii, nave iants. whn can D ead that thev are our nartnera in miA power, exactly equal to the advan- manifested many of the qualifications which render j of future combinations to seize upon the resources of connection gives. It is an interier-! men capable of self-control. The governor is an in- j the country, the labor of the people. Those whose interests I represent have never asked or received nniuinnnle. Hnes nn amount o iniuslice lo mose en I IIU I iuuuiui - M waired in like adventures with the central tasre which that ... . . .1" Li .j iicnrnutlnn ence wiln llie ousiness oi mc tellectual man, who shows more of the Caucassian of those means of acquiring wealth open, in all good! than the African race. Brought up from his youth J -- - m? Z ai - J 1 J 1 . .. . nl nnilif nkonntl'nrr llm mO n rnvem.nents. to the energv and enterprise of indtvid uals. It would be just as wise, just as proper, for ns to manufacture cordage, dig coal, make cotton and weave cloth in partnership with corporations, as to own ships or divide prohts wnn mem It is no an- under good associations, and daily observing the man ners, as well as hearing the conversations ot pousnea and intellectual persons, he fills his present station with dignity and credit. But the absorption of the adjoining and savage population of the colony ,the sub- any of the public moneys, except that which is ex pended in mail facilities. My constituents make their living and accumulate their wealth from small and inconsiderable incomes. Their labor and econo my is their only resource, which they proudly claim as the only legitimate fountain ot independence and V? : ' ii n...ha, nf sailors and marines I ers. We are in the market to negotiate ana mere is a uinni u...Vv.. - , . ; thn for vears nasi. loans or advances. ., Ill act ivv. j r swer lhat interest will be paid upon the uovernment JUgation or voluntary annexation oi nuve tribes, anngs virtuous feelings. They know that their sixpences bonds which are advanced to the scheme. W e are, so much 0f wild and incongruous material into the or- 1 have to be collected to make the fortunes of the unfortunately, money-borrowers, and not money-iena-; ganization, that we are compelled to tear that a course i favorites of the Government; and they will not sane 102,314 55-100 Union and Watauga, 62,314 55-100 mi -i : 4 l A ovnnner. r orsvthe. tiasion. 1 ne VOUnties Ol niainain) .v- -j j and support oi eacn awwi , . according to the act of the GeneraCly Assembly, to wit: Alamance 1 Scholar, deducted from Urange, Cumberland 1 do Davidson 1 do Forsythe deducted from Stokes, Gaston Hyde Johnston Martin Orange Richmond Wake Raleigh, October 3rd, 1850. do from Lincoln, 2 Scholars, 2 do 2 do 1 do 1 do 2 do 75 75 75 75 75 150 150 150 75 75 150 BOARD FOR MEMBERS. rpHE Subscriber would respectfully inform hia friends J. that he is prepared to accommodate some twenty -five or thirty of the members of the Legislature with Board and lodgings during the approaching session. The Subscriber makes no promises which he cannot perform. As to the character of his accommodations and the attention he give to the comfort of bis Boarders, he refers with confidence to those who have boarded with him during former sessions. JOHN HUTCHINS. Raleigh, Oct 7, 1850. - 836 t. NOTICE APPLICATION will be made to the next Legisla ture of North Carolina to get an act to be passed to form a new bounty by the name of Wilson out of por tions of th. ouQtie ot Edgecombe. Nash, Johnston and Wayne. MANY CITIZENS. September 8, 1850. 834 tf. NOTICE. iyj"OTICE is hereby given that application will be made J3 to the ensuing Legislature for an act incorporating the Ringgold Guards, of the City of Raleigh. October 9, 1850. 836 tf. UNION HOUSE. mi c. . Mr rkirm!in. nppn exnlanauon, anu 1 IlcSB lacw, .. ....... 1 the people will have it, or woe to those whose votes fix this burden upon the Treasury. It is our duty to face the question, and to curtail our expenditures. Miikinir is more certain than that the days ot that I iuiiiiuc mmm ... will receive their por- Government are numbered whose expenditures ex ceed its income. The servitude ot aeot wneuiw in dividual or national, is the quintessence of slavery one is a calamity which afflicts but a few, but the not onlv over a whole community, but upon coming generations. My purpose, however, is to devote a few moments to the examination of a scheme disclosed in the for the education om-ndment which the Chairman of the Committee on Naval Affairs proposes to make to the bill malt ing appropriations for the naval service. He inform ed us that he meant to propose the building of a line of steamers by the aid of the funds and the cred it of the United States, which would establish a con nection between certain ports in this country and the coast Africa. , . ., The double purpose of this scheme was the mail nf the Ilnited States to that coast and other places, as well as affording a means for the transpor tation of the free negroes of America to the land of their ancestors. When this project was first sug gested to me some months ago, I was inclined to think favorably of it at least so much so as to give it the most calm and moderate consideration. I have done so, and taken counsel of the most experienced per- " - . a . aT aaaoh I tof inn sons with whom 1 hau an opportunity u. w , Thu Ronnhlican nartv reuudiated all connection with the bank, because of the impropriety of its identification with a corporation. How can we, con sistently with that faith, unite with a corporation of chin-hnililers or shiD-ownersI It does not relieve for, not to 1 which would overthrow a government conducted by ! wiser and more experienced statesmen, will overthrow I and destroy that republic. ! ' If to that you add the sort of population such as it ! is proposed to take from the United States known as 1 the free blacks, with all their ignorance and all their i vices, anarchy and ruin must be the result. None of tion such a transfer of their monev to those who. like the lilies of the valley, neither toil nor spin, but who enjoy the wealth, the luxury, and the ease of Solomon in all his glory. MORAMTV AND RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS IN Sxil Francisco. The Presbuterian. Dublished at Phila. the subiect of difficulty, that we should prepare a us art. insensible of the deleterious influence which delphia, contains a letter dated the 15th Auiruat. at steam navy with relerence to me navy oi uimi W0Uld be reit on our nxeu ana esiaDiisnea uisiiiu- san r rancisco, Ualitornia, trom which the following . . : ...... I kaA almnve I ! . c I . : . . ...... . tain or any other maritime puwci. . qx oy emigrams irom cuuiium wn are not assun- , exiracis are lanen : been of opinion that either a large standing army or a jated to our customs, or acquainted with our laws, it : San Francisco is likely to be cursed for some great and powerful navy is not d-isirable under our tney Were at once permitted to exercise the rights of time to come with all sorts of wickedness. Last form of government. I have been recently admon- J citizens. None of ns are ignorant of the evil now Sabbath evening two bulls were fought at a circus, ished that the Executive is sufficiently strong for the generally acknowledged to exist from that cause even ' and there was also sort of a prize fight on the plaza ; people or the people's representatives, without any j under all our safeguards. If our strong and well-es- ;and on the same Sabbath the veritable Tom Hyer ' additional military or naval aid. We have weather- tablished institutions suffer much from such a cause, j was arrested for riotous conduct, and fined fifty dol ed seventy years, from the childhood of our Conltd- j how certain must be the overthrow of all the hopes lars, for disturbing the peace of the Sabbath, by rid eracy till this day, when we rank amongst the great , f tj,e friends of the colonization scheme, if the free i ing a horse into the large gambling house, dec.; and Pnwersof the world, without even the usual amount i population of America were at once, or in any now Dr. Collver's arrival is announced with hi of troubles and disasters which befall nations in such j snort tjuiei emptied on the shores of Africa. model artistes.' But this much I will say for the W hy, sir, is the removal ot the Tree blacks desir- . credit of the city : The authorities have been success able to the people of the United States ? It is he- j fol in suppressing gambling on the Sabbath, as well cause, from their indolence, ignorance, and vices, 'as Sabbath evenings; this is a great point gained, they are justly considered a nuisance ; it is because and now you will see the Empire, El Dorado, and they present the most numerous cases in ourcalandar Parker house, all turned into reading-rooms on the of crimes ; because, incapable of exercising the rights Sabbath. We have here two Sunday newspapers of freemen here, they are a burden upon our people, j just started, and there is also here a srreat and crow- If, then, with our well-organized police, with the ing increase of robberies, burglaries, &c., and other 837 2t. a lapse of time. W hilst 1 would enerisn me navy and the gallant band which means it, I deem it un-u-ioa anrt iii.nolitic to make it unduly strong. It has I been equal to any demand that has ever been made ! upon it, and will continue to be so. Besides, sir, should a war unhappily be torced upon us, tne steam ers would have to come into port for safety, and could be as readily and as cheaply purchased from the own ers, or taken by the Government at valuation. It is no answer to this, Mr. unairinan, to say mai muv t.IKa.riher rpsDectfullv informs the Members of .. ,r r ,i,:r ,rnerieneeand their wisdom I the approaching Legislature that he is prepared to J reflections, and of all the lights which 1 .1 1U IruUmrrc snri hiianl. I .'il :aa that I furnish ten or twelve oi inept wu is's at the UNION HOUSE, but a short distance from the C ThS'subscriber will provide comfortable rooms, and NOTICE. NOTICE is hereby given that application will be made to the ensuing General Assembly of North Carolina, to alter and amend the act incorporating the town of Clinton, in Sampson County. September 25, I860. 634 St. NOTICE. VTOTICE is hereby given that application will be 11 made to tne next Ueneral Assembly of North Car olina, for the passage of an act giving names to the new County seats ctf States and Fersythe Coaotief. September 25. Igd. 634 tf. NOTICE. APPLICATION will be made to the next General Assembly of North Carolina, to have incorporated Hf'y Lodge of Ancient York Masons, No. 11 of Wake County. October 2, 1850. 835 ts. eood &re, at such prices as tne iimea ana " afford. He pledge, himself that no pain, or eapense will be pared to render nis cunuiwn Travellers are also invited to call, and transient boarders will be Uken. The Subscriber keeps a constant supply of coni and fodder on hand, and will have ho left with him, or the horses of such as may stop at his house, well token care of. The Subscriber'. House is about one h"d J"! from the Capitol, and one door to the east of the Baptist nurcn- JAME8 HALL. Raleigh, 8ept. 34, 185ft have been afforded me. is a decided conviction that it ia neither safe nor prudent for this Government to embark in this enterprise. Indeed, sir, i nave ur.. so much and so gravely to doubt the propriety of our existing steam mail arrangements, as to determine me if it were an original question, to oppose any such organization. The existing contracts must and ought to be complied with. Good faith requires it, and 1 will vote every cent necessary to the fulfi lmenl . of r., T am unwi mtr to extend our engaijeiiieiiio. " - - ... such engagements, or to favor any further interest in t o . . - A ut tha trms are such enterprises. w argucu w.a. mnm favorable to this Government, these mail steamers constitute a ; power of the government to sustain it, we are unable to govern them, wtiat wouia ne tneir innuence upon crimes, which a year since were unknown to this community. Much ot this crime is to be traced to the terms are inasmuch as those vessels would not be built without the aid ot j trie young and feeble government of Liberia? True the large influx of convict emigrants from Sydney, the Government. They will be built if the invest-) philanthropy demands, that if we interfere at all, we j New South Wales, and other colonies where Britain . . . I sa ao a a a m , , i . . . 1 - I . m- ment is either demanaea oy me iit-L-eaonic-. . merce or promises a good return lor the investment of capital. The Mississippi, with its thousand steamers, has neither asked nor received aid from the Treasury of the United Stales. Those splendid boats, which astonish by the frequency with which they pass on the bosom of that mighty river, are all the fruits of iudividual enterprise. Our lakes are dotted over with them, and our bays and rivers bear them on all their bosoms, and private capital ana in triad to even doubt on the subiect.') there is in this dividual industry called them all into being and gives j subject an insuperable objection to the connection of them their value. The ships whose masts look like this Government with the proposed line of mail a forest in your ports whose canvass whitens every J steamers to Africa. You have not now to learn, Mr. 3ea which pour a stream of wealth into the laps of Chairman, that we live in an age of extreme and our countrymen bearing tne prooucis oi una 1UC most dinusive pniiantnropy. men leet tne deepest nnmain to everv Dort and every clime they are all j renentance for the sins of others. Their hearts are should better the condition of that class of persons, ) sends her criminals ; they are, in the main, a curse to and aid in sustaining the institutions of Liberia. any people, though there is here and there sn honor Should the emigrants be worsted or injured by the 1 able exception, but the creat mass are dissolute. change, it would be cruelty to enforce it. 1 he colo ny cannot receive them much more rapidly than they do, for the means of supporting them during acclima tion are insufficient. But, sir, however this may be even though I may be mistaken in my apprehensions, (and would be war, 834 to. hina .11 nt hand for defence in caso ot a rr": "' r " n. hv the conditions of the contract, ready supply of the fruits of individual energy, sustained by individ- J ! i i.i x- A ;.Jn.,n,iani na tVm wind winch Washington Hotel. THE Proprietor respectfully inform. Mcm a- .nnrn.er.inir General Assembly, that he having a right to take them at valuation, and convert Ma " " m .ul. tknra are two Ob- them into war steamers. i ; " , C a .Ua Maooo s oro niiiiL wiiii a ivn w icvuune m -v freight and Mr. Stanton. Mmm - - i f fSX3S Mythegentieman from North CaroOna that nrenarfd to accommooate wiui wu I , . L .j ,u flpnro-ia. and cor rst, tne vesseia aio passengers, and not for war service. nton, (Mr. Venable giving way.) I will i f,m Mnrth narofina that I have as the times wUl aamn. Raleigh, Oct. I, 18S0. been on board the steamer Georgia, and conversed :.i. k.rlUntanrf intelligent commander, who e u:. " ...Inreaee. the belief that that vessel could be ,not tosaustyanapie-o- ... t j loan efficient war steamer, anu accommodation., and wUl de-1 readily convene , Ttctnty-Flme of tkefr .TTumber. and good cheer rMt. or Um -ill .oare no pain. tosaUsty and pieaee n bm-- r- ft0nrlad into an efficient He has all the necessary moderate W. KING. 836 to. Board for Members. ni 1 1 am T accuoies mo r--. j mnoi nvpnllent service reuuci - - . . i j marine is so powerful and enecuve mat with England would leave our coast and towns ex posed belbre suitable defences of the same sort could be provided, unless we had some such provision for the prompt transfer of such ateamers as those pro- Li j .kfl enMtred in the steam mail service te Amu! 15 WW mtmucr, WS5a will prepare himself al service I would ask the gentle near iiwh t- " ... . K. have (riven him their onin- accommodate . men wnetner w. Z"" f "ir, .. " L.or ions, berteve wat mo si - of the Naval department, is s superior war steamer to those engaged now in the mad service, ahouldthey be fitted for that purpose ! , Mr V!UBfcE. 1 do not doubt but that the gallant commander of the Georgia believes all that he says about the good ship. It is nothing new that the sail or should love the ship in which he sails or which he commands. That is one of the striking features af the nraehlT' comlbrtAte bejrd. at tfee H,ro:.,!T i,,,. M h. times will admit. (actios to all who may PtBlz B,m Raleigh, Sept. 27tb, 1850. 635ls. TEETH BRUSHES. 30 JS2?" cen Teeth Brushes, ju.t received at PESCUDS October 2, 1850. 000 ual capital, free and independent as the wiud which wafts them over the waves, asking and receiving nothing of the Government but protection from wrong and the enjoyment of right. Why, then, is it ne cessary for the liovernineiit to Decome a psnuei w that service when you comet o the ocean! The mail, are carried by contract o steamers on all the other channels of intercourse, a I why not there ? What claims have ocean steamers n the Government which are not equally valid in reference to those of the rivers, the bays, aqd the lakes 1 Sir, this policy increases the expenditures, it complicates the interests, and extends the patronage of the Government. It does more, much more, and much worse it induces individuals, who ousrht to rely upon themselves, to quarter upon the Government ; it gives classes of cit izens advantages which are denied to others; it shares risks with one set of competitors when that hnnnia denied to others : it build, tip a favored olass; it gives additional power to capital over labormakes .i :u mnA ft. a nnnr nnnrer : deStroVS Individ- tne nun ihdi, ..w . r . ( ual competition, and, finally, prices sll power in ir responsible hands, which ends an abuse and wrong to the masses. . But, sir, there is s grsver and more substantial ob jection to this amendment. I refer to the object which it has in view in the establishment of this line of African steamers. The specious proposition is to afford facilities for the transfer of the free negro pop ulation to Liberia. The measure, at nrst sight rent with sympathy for the suffering of remote indi viduals who arc not much moved by the calamities of those around them. Their eyes fill with tears for the wrongs of the black man in the slaveholding States, whilst they turn a deaf ear to the importuni ties of the pauper white man who asks for a sixpence. Sir, 1 nevei saw a native American beggar south of this cily in a life of half a century. I never spent a week here, or north of this, without seeing one and usually many. In this day of diffusive benevolence and philanthropy, this enterprise of removing the free blacks to Africa would give a great impulse to the most provoking evil which the South now endures. Those who feel called upon to seduce slaves from their masters would have an additional facility to take them to Africa and force them out of the reach of those entitled to the service. In a few years it would become one of the most expensive as well as annoying branches of the service. The transporta tion of free blacks would become a Government en terprise, and I anticipate that money would he voted from the Treasury to defray the expenses of their passage. And what would be the result T Too would send away ship loads of natives to a foreign shore: and in return bring foreigners from Go rope to our own. The Government would be engaged in this transfer of population at great expense and of at tsast doubtful advantage. Again, air, this Una of teamen could do but little in this great work, even supposing that the free blacks were able to pay the expense of " At the Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church, recently held in this city, the framing of a constitution, canons, and rules of order formed prom inent subjects of deliberation. The house then went into the election of the standing committee, and vari ous other committees usually chosen in such cases. These were for the most part chosen by ballot, and engrossed the whole of two evenings. The last, and by lar tne most important action ot this body, was the choosing of a bishop. This resulted in the elec tion of the Right Rev. Horatio Southsato. D. D.. for merly missionary bishop to Constantinople, but now the United States. The election of Dr. residing in Southgate as Bishop of California will cause surprise and astonishment to all Protestant churchmen in the States, and especially so when it is remembered that he is the veritable personage instrumental in bringing so much evil upon the American missionaries, and who caused so much difficulty in the church abroad. But Puseyism is the same here as in the States, and the sooner they come out and unite themselves with the Church of Rome the better for the evangelical portion of the Episcopal denomination. That church has now two separate organizations here the Rev. Mr. Mines and the Rev. Mr. Vetneare; but I am sor ry to add that these brother clergymen are not on even speaking acquaintance." Jennv Lind Building Churches. Some of our Episcopalian readers may perhaps remember that a few Sundays since the Rev. Mr. U nonius of Chieago, preached in this city, and that his journey hither and to the east was for the purpose of raising a sufficient sum of money to finish his Church. On arriving at New York he presented himself to his countrywo man, Jenny Lind, who manifested considerable inte rest in fits mission. He spoke to her of the condition of the Church, and in reply to die question, wholly of her own suggestion,) as to how much he sjaaded, ha answered, About six hundred dollars." -1 will give too on tassaad." pyemptly tsplied tne generous ana cnantaoie asagnier of song--" for m God enables me to earn money easit v. and whv should emigration, willing to go, and the republic of Liberia not I aid you in your good work' Buff. Caw. v.