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THE DISCUSSION ON WEDNESDAY.
On Wednesday last the Honorable Thomas L. Clingman addressed the people at this place, in relation to the various important public measures which have so long engaged the attention of Congress and of the country. He went into an elaborate and critical discussion of the whole Slave rv question, and judging from the repeated cheers hich greeted him irom me large crowu, me peupie were satisfied with his vindication of his public acts Mr. Clingman has long enjoyed a reputation as an orator of the first class, but he even surpassed him self on this occasion, and the crowd testified again and again its approval bj signs too palpable to be mistaken. After Mr. Clingman had concluded, Col. John Baxter, of Henderson, arose, and said that though he was not a candidate, and was not sure that he ever would be for Congress, he yet felt it to be a public duty to expose Mr. Clingman's inconsistencies and deraagogueisin. He commenced by producing a copy of the Highland Messenger, published in 1846, we believe, which contained a communication writ ten by a gentleman of Haywood county, advocating Mr. Clingman's claims to the Senatorship. Colonel Baxter charged that Mr. Clingman procured this communication to be written, &c. &c. He then took up his various speeches, and labored industri ously for more than an hour to convince the people that Mr. Clingman had been guilty ot inconsisten cies and vascillation. The Col. spoke of the senior Editor of this paper as Mr. Clingman's "peculiar friend," and said that he did not know whether we, like some Washington Editors were influenced by money, friendship, or admiration, in our standing by Mr. Clingman. Now, we did not see exactly the necessity of Col. Baxter making so free a use of our name in his speech ; but we must bow we suppose to the Colonel's superior judgement and good taste in matters of this kind, and try to think it was all right and proper. But we beg to assure Col. Baxter that our course towards Mr. Clingman has never been influenced by pecuniary considerations. We are under no obligations to him in that way,;never havehoen. and do not know that we ever shall be- We doubt not. however, that Mr. Clingman ; would cheerfully befriend us, so tar as migiu oe con venient for him, were we to ask his aid. Mr. Cling man takes our paper and pays for it, just as Col. Bax ter and hnndreds other erentlemen do, without ever dreaming that they are thus laying us under obliga- , tions to them. j We have often had occasion to speak in the highest . terms of Col. Baxter, and havealwavs done him jus- ticc as an able advocate of the Whig cause, and we ; have no hesitation here in saying that the W big par- ty of this District are under many obligations to him for his services in meir oenau, aim uuu n. jr will, at some suitable time, reward him as his talents and services entitle him. But they are not going to ostracise a faithful, talented and fearless representative, as Mr. Clingman bas ever proved himself, to make room for aspirants who are itching to fill his shoes. Col. Baxter stated in the course of his remarks that h urnnld vote for anv man. W hicr or Democrat, in opposition to Mr. Clingman, who he denounced as a Locofoco and Barnburner. Col. Baxter said he regarded this slavery agitation as all humbuggery. That there was no danger at all it was all froth, and that if Congress had taken bis advice the whole difliculty could have been set- tied in fifteen minutes! What a pity vol. oaxier was not in Congress ! What a vast amount of money and agitation might have been saved ! ! The Col. said if Congress abolished slavery in the District of Columbia he would not resist ; but if slavery was abolished in the Forts and Arsenals he would resist ! This may all be right and proper, but one thing is certain, the Col's views are not in accordance with . . . s. I 1 C U n ...illwrn I acts, or a more complete riddling ot an opponent s i arguments, we nave noiume to mm his renlv. hnt we. irmv sav that we express but the sentiments of the large crowd, in saying that Col. Baxter's speech was uncalled for, illy timed, and un generous to Mr. Clingman, under all the circumstan ces. He bad just returned home, the people were anxious to hear him, and Col. Baxter is not a candi date. Therefore, we say it was uncalled for. Jhhville News. Ths Fugitive-Slavs Law. Boston, October 5. A large meeting of fugitive slaves and others was held at Belknap street church last night. Resolutions were passed advising fugitives to act cautiously, but tnose entertameu oy me great uuuj i u.c no paInS are taken to d,SJj,3e tne traffic, people. , j have, Mr. Editor, brought some grave charges When Mr. Clingman rose to reply, he commenced ; a2ajnst men , pow.er. I can substantiate, by con in a strain of the most cutting irony and withering victm? testimony, each allegation. I have avoided sarcasm, and then proceeded to take up one by one . personalities, satisfied that all referred to, will " fit Col. Baxter's objections, and never have we witness- the CJ)p tQ lheir QWn hea(j8 Jf they reforinf jt ed a more thorough vindication than he made ot his j wi be wel, . f not ,et them bewara? for tnpy are at to defend their freedom with meir nves. . who go effVctuay render tbem t assistance. States commissioners and assistants were warned to and , thesaid e un(Jer never.to!be.forg0tten ob beware of the consequences ot attempting capture j n tions Let those generous Editors commence now, fugitives. The meeting was addressed by J. B. ; n advance of the meetinff of the Legislature, to jog Smith, a fugitive slave, who jsaid he would delend his ; meinories of Ua Legislators ; let them continue to liberty with his life. He showed along knife to the ; Jo d the seSsion-!et them point out where audience, and advised them all to boy Colt s re: reform is needed, and urge its necessity, and let the vera. Another speaker said that 5,000 inhabitants of e disch their d b gwe,Iinthe sub8crip Boston would protect fugitives from arrest, and that , tionrll8ta of those feare Editor8. let lhem sub- tne ponce wouio noiaciaga uSiiue.u. - "-a ; to be called in Fanueil Hall. Boston, October 5. A great free-soil meeting was held in Lowell last night, at which, with shouts of annlausp. reaolntion was oassed to call back three fugitive slaves, who had fled from that city to Cana da, with a pledge that they shall be protected from arrest by the citizens of Lowell. Syracuse, October 4. A large meeting is being i held here to-night against the fugitive-slave bill, j Gerrit Smith is speaking. The excitement is very great, and strong opposition is manifested upon the j subject. The Lancaster (Pennsylvania) Gazette says : " The fugitive-slave excitement is becoming most j intense in the city and State of New York. Large j meetings of negroes have been held in the city and several parts of the State, at which the most violent resolutions were adopted, and a firm determination manifested to resist by force the course of the law. The negroes are no doubt actuated to such a course by the abolitionists, to whom is especially due the credit of having the bill passed. Had they acted with a little more discretion, its passage would not have been so strenuously insisted upon by the south ern and moderate men. Now that they have brought the evil upon the objects of their intemperate zeal, they are endeavoring to rouse them to a . resistance which cannot but prove most disastrous. The supre macy of the laws must be maintained at all risks, and, however repugnant to the feelings of the northern men, every well-disposed citizen cannot for ah instant hesitate in lending bis aid when necessary to carry the law into effect. Ths Beginning. We have given our unqualified approbation to the determination of the planters in various Parishes, to employ no more Northern coas ters, and we deem it a fortunate thing that the first instance in which this resolve has been carried out, should have been of such a character as to leave no doubt of the act being solely dictated by the avowed principle. Capt. Conklin, who arrived here recently in command of the schooner Ann E. Conklin, and who has been employed for the last fifteen years in bringing Rice from Senate to this City, was yester day informed by bis old employers that they would give him no more patronage, and this from no dis satisfaction with him, but for the sake of a principle which they approved and felt bound to carry out. Few masters of Northern coasters had as strong claims as Capt Conklin, to be made an exception to the role, on account of his long employment in the trade, and the uniform satisfaction he had given. But the feeling was that there should be no exceptions ; that the rule should be inflexible, and the exclusion universal. We learn that Capt. Conklin has sailed for Savannah in quest of business. Charleston Mercury. Ths Brazilian Corrss Trade. Forty -two years ago the coffee trade of Brazil did not 'exceed thirty thousand bags ; and even in 1820 it only reached 100,000 bags. About that time the h igh price of cof fee in England, superadded to the diminished produc tion in Cuba, stimulated the Brazilian planters to ex tend its cultivation ; and in 1830, they sent to market tonr hundred thousand bags, or sixty-four million pounds ; and in I847, the enormous quantity of near ly three Hundred millions of pounds.' , How much will it take to corittruct a Plank Road ftomPaytevilltolalergrf. SfanMT aJEOTIZJ? wiH 5" from te to twelve hundred, SE "!; from seventy to eighty thousand aonar. UUmberlanri Mnnh. U -..i :t : j of it alreadv. vw.t.w iiflB uinrnnm . hhi Carolinian. For the North Carolina Standard. LET THE LAWS BE EN FORCED. . Mb. Editor : Any stranger visiting this State, or any observant native who travels beyond the precincts of the State, must feel most forcibly that the M Old North State" has to undergo a sweeping system of rpfinrm. before she can assume her proper station among her sister States before she can avail herself 0j lne many oiessmgs ana Denenis so uuumuiuih uw- stowed upon ner oy iaiure anu uy iioiuio v.w fore competent judges will acknowledge her title to the " much-to-be-coveted " epithet " Good." In order to bring about this necessary reform, it behooves every well-wisher of the State, especially Editors, law makers, public officers, and all good cit izens, to exert themselves incessantly and untiringly, till the people at large are aroused from their lethargy, and made to feel that the good of the whole, depends upon the well doing of each individual. Feeling as sured (you being the standard beared of your hearty co-operation in so good a cause, I address my lucu brations to you. If you deem them worthy of a place in your journal, I shall occasionally trouble you with "a few lines." (Hem!) "Charity begins at home "so ought reformation to begin. The reform so much needed in this State, must begin among the Editors, law makers, &c. The first blow must be struck by the Editors ! Too many of the corps Editorial (as you must be well aware) lack that moral courage, that independence of feeling, which would prompt them to publish their sentiments; to publish all tergiversation or dereliction of duty, on the part of any one, no matter what his wealth or station; and to apply the lash, with an unsparing hand. Let every member of that most respectable and useful body, freely and properly use that roost potent instrument the pen; and give liberty to the press ; and the corner-stone of reform will speedily be laid. Law makers will fear to be law breakers. Magistrates, sworn to execute the laws, will no longer with impunity convert their houses, nightly, into gambling and drinking shops; nor spend Sabbath af ter Sabbath in gambling in the woods; as has been and still may be the case. Some Prosecuting Attor- mes will, while impressing upon the minds ot urand lurors the enormitv of orambliny, involuntarily clap their hands on their pockets, to ascertain that they have left their cards at home, &c, &c. But more of this anon my presentobject being to invite attention to a crying evil, which loudly demands immediate attention. I refer to the non-fulfilment of duty, on the part of the night patrol in certain Counties, it any &Qe functionaries exist. I could point out populous neighborhoods where the slaves are travelling about, without passes or permission from their owners, at B hours of the njght; carrying stolen poultry &c., to worthless free persons of color; and to still more worthless whites. Now, Mr. Editor, if such trans j actions present themselves so glaringly that they are noticed by strangers, I would ask, how is it possible ; for them to escape the notice of those whose duty it is to suppress them ; and why do they exist at all ? : The answer is obvious supineness on the part of ; those whose duty it is to appoint supineness on the '. nart nf thnao a n m i nfprl a rtA suninvnpaa nn tlip nart j of tho8e most interested the slave-owners. The j remedy is as apparent. Let each class discharge its duty Let proner set of men be appointed to patrol, jjet them wjtn0Ht feor faVor execute the important dutJ, assignctj ,,, ; and let slave-owners refrain from offering impediments to those officers. - . In connection with this subiect. I wish to direct the attention of the proper authorities to M Sunday trading " with negroes ; which is carried on, in vari ous parts of the State, with unblushing effrontery. In the neighborhoods referred to, nothing is more com- j mon of a Sunday morning, than to see jug after jug. carried by slaves from grocery stores, under the very nf Mskfriatr9to hut it i. nn nnp'a lui&l nift&- anil the mercy of wno wou,d need but Jiu,e provo t0 jnduce tnem to make use of the knowledge they possess. It is the imperative duty of every Legislator to turn his attention to the subject of Reform County Court reform. Common School reform, Railroad re form, and so on, ad infinitum. I fear that many who go to Raleigh, to represent the people (?) are so af flicted by the novelty of their position, and perplex ed by the magnitude of the city, that they lose sight of all their good resolves, of all the benefits they intended to secure for the sovereign people, their " fellow citizens " till till it is about time to go home. Now sir, such gentlemen as those, ought to call forth the sympathy of all compassionate Editors, 8cr,be for North Carolina naDers. in oreference to I Northern ones; and they will soon discover that the old State can furnish them with as good and as cheap j literary, as well as political papers, as any other State in the Union. Yours. VIATOR. For the North Carolina Standard. RIGHT OF INSTRUCTION. The Editor of the Register is amusing himself in arguing against the " Right of Instruction," and ad vises the Legislature against the exercise of the right because oui Senators would not obey, and therefore it wouid be labor lost. No such thing; but because, aa he says, the Democrats acknowledge the right in theory, but refuse obedience in practice. This asser tion he attempts to support by reference to the case of Senators Brown and Strange. The Whigs deny the obligation of instructions, and yet sought to im pose them upon others that they might profit by a compliance. And this they did not venture to do by word but by inference. They said, we will not commit ourselves, by venturing to instruct, but we will express an opinion and leave you to obey. Now, suppose the Democrats should express their opinions upon any of the political questions of the day, does the Register or any one in his senses sup pose his Senators would obey or respect them 1 The great error of Senators Brown and Strange was, that they paid the least attention to the opinions of a Whig Legislature in regard to a United Slates Bank, Sub-Treasury, &c. &c., when their opinions were well known, and against which the Democrats had been contending for years. No, Sir, the Democrats have not the folly to engage in any such useless work. When they shall be told these gentlemen will res pect instructions, they will be given, and that in words not to be mistaken. Let me. if you please, give my instructions, not as a legislator but as a citizen : 1. We instruct Senators Badger and Mangum not to absent themselves from voting on such an impor tant question as the admission of California as a free State. If they have opinions let us know what they are. a. We instruct Mr. Senator Badger not to utter any more of his high-toned federal doctrines, or his notions of extravagance in resisting the restrictions sought to be imposed on the practice of his brother Senators, in receiving their constructive mileage. 3. We instruct Mr. Senator Mangum to attend the temperance lectures of Mr. White, and to profit by them, or to resign. VERBUM SAT. Tne Baptists or Nsw York on thb " Fugitivs Slavs Bill." The New York State Baptist Con vention, which met at Brockport on the 9th instant. Rev. Gibbon Williams in the chair, passed a series of resolutions repudiating the Fugitive Slave Law as contrary to the spirit of the Declaration of National Independence, and opposed 'to the direct grants of the Constitution to every citizen, and to the law of God. And as such, they pledge themselves not voluntarily to aid, by any means whatever, in giving effective ness to the law, for the speedy repeal of which tbey win ao everything that is in their power. The gross increase of revenue on ths Baltimore and Ohio Railroad during the past fiscal year, is $149,000 and the entire receipts 91,600,000 When completed to the Ohio, as it soon will be, this road will poor an immense treasure into the lap of Balti-more- . Forty-six negroes were stolen from ths plantation of W. R. Mc Alpine, in Washington oounty. Miss., on the 30th ult. NORTH CAROLINA STANDARD RALEIGH: WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 33, 1S50. OUR SEMI-WEEKLY. We continue to receive accessions to our Weekly and Semi-Weekly. Our terms are now so low that no one who wants a newspaper can reasonably refuse to sub scribe. Wc shall certainly commence our Semi- Weekly the 1st of Novemler. Our terms, after the 1st of No vember, will be as follows : For the Weekly paper $2 in advance ; $2 50 within the first six months ; and $3 if net paid within six months. For the Semi-Weekly $4 in advance; $4 50 within the first six months ; and $5 if not paid within six months. These terms will be rigidly adhered to. The present subscribers to the Standard can avail themselves of the advance payment by settling up arrearages, and taking a new start ; and those of them who may wish to transfer their subscriptions to the Semi-Weekly, can easily take advantage of the advance payment on that in the same wav We have sent eur Prospectuses in all directions. We hope our friends will " take good care of them " and see that they are filled up. Our thanks are due especially to those Postmasters who have received subscribers for us, and remitted us money. If we can serve them in any way, in this part of Commonwealth, we shall be happy to do so. We have also sent Prospectuses to of fices where we have no subscribers. Will the Postmas ters do us the favor to hind them round, or post them up in some conspicuous place 1 POLICE REGULATIONS. There is a growing feeling in this City in favor of abolishing the present system of a hired Guard, and of supplying its place with a regular nightly Guard drafted from the citizens. This feeling is the result of experience connected with our Police Regulations ; and we hope it may not be Buffered to pass off with- out some salutary reform in this respect, We can have no doubt that the Town would be better guarded by the citizens than by the present hired Guard, or by any similar Guard ; and it can be done, too, without expense. Let every citizen be tween the ages of eighteen and seventy be enrolled in companies of six, with some responsible man for a Captain ; and let them take the rounds in regular older, from night to night, reporting next morning, as a matter of course, to the Intendant. No citizen, who is able to turn out, ought to object to it; but if any should decline to serve, without a good excuse, let them be fined one dollar in each case for the bene fit of the City Treasury. We hope those who are in favor of this reform will prepare petitions at once, get them signed, and send them in to the Board of Commissioners. The next meeting of the Board will be held the first Fri day in November. While on this subject, we would call the attention of the public generally to the facts set fort in another column of this paper, by our correspondent Viator." The evils of which he complains are not only of the most serious nature, but they are increasing ! Let j this matter be looked to at once by the competent ) authorities; and if these authorities, from a lack of! information on the subject, or from any other cause, j are still inclined to indifference or supineness on this subject, let an aroused public opinion compel them to their duty. If the people of this State wish as we know they do to have their Police Regulations rigidly enforced and their County affairs well managed, they must . ...... i take the matter into their own nan , e e Magistrates themselves, at the ballot-box. TEMPERANCE CELEBRATION. The Grai d Division of the Sons of Temperance held its annual meeting in this City last week. A very large Delegation (over 100) were in attendance from various parts of the State. On Wednesday. Philip S. White. Esq. the cele-! n n i . i oraieu lempenince israior, auuresseu a large assent- i i i --j j V.L- j L ,JnMnl.n. whnn. I.p hen M11d m nreside mage in oennenan a urove ; anu ai mgm ne spoKO; again in the Presbyterian Church. Mr. White im pressed every one who heard him with his superior powers as a popular orator. His labors in this cause cannot fail to be productive of good. The assemblage j was also addressed by the Rev. Mr. Walters, who pre- i ceded Mr. White. At night, in the Presbyterian Church, an addresss was also delivered by Mr. Wetmore, of Richmond County, which is said to have been able, appropri ate, and to the point. At 4 o'clock, P. M., on Wednesday, the Grand Division marched to the Institution for the Deaf and Dumb, to witness an Exhibition of the Pupils. Mr. White made a short address to the Pupils, which was interpreted to them in signs by the Principal of the Institution. We learn that Mr. White has been employed as a Lecturer by the Grand Division, at a salary of $100 per month. He left this place on Friday last for Louisburg, but is expected here again during the ap proaching session of the Legislature. The following Officers have been elected by the Grand Division for the ensuing year : S. W. Whiting, of Raleigh. G. W. P. ; Gen. J. T. Littlejohn, of Franklin, G. W. A. ; A. M. Gorman, of Raleigh, G. S. ; James Litchford, of Raleigh, G. T. ; Rev. R. T. Heflin, of the Methodist Episcopal Church, G. Chap lain ; and W. P. Morning, G. Con. CENSUS OF WAYNE COUNTY. A friend at Goldsborough has favored us with the following Census Returns for Wayne County : " Dear Sir : I notice with much pleasure the Cen sus returns in your paper. Every County, so far as I have seen, presents evidence of increase, though some of the gains are small. The worthy and excel- . mm . 1 -1 7 eni wiarsnais ior ineuouniy 01 y ayne are repar ng r 11 01 p 010 iiorinu inr nnniinaiinn tinn vnii uriu n rrin-i r r have them soon. In the meantime they have allowed me to copy the following Mr. Wright, Marshal for the South side of the River, reports : Free population, 2588 Slave " 1959 4,547 Mr. Hollowed, North side, reports, Free population, 6056 Slave " 3053 9,109 13,656 9,420 4,236 Total population, Total population in 1840, Increase, Gain in ten years, 4,236 being a fraction under 45 per cent, increase! Who beats that!" Oysters and Cigars. The P's have been par ticularly partial to us of late. A day or two since Mr. Pepper sent us some fine Oysters, and yesterday Mr. Pescud laid us under obligations by a present of some excellent Cigars. If you want good Oysters, remember Pepper; and then if yon want a good Ci gar, after you have finished the Oysters, send to Pes- cud's. We speak from experience. We were mistaken last week In setting down Mr. Hoagland, Democrat, of Ohio, as re-elected to Con gress. He has been beaten. He voted for the Fugi tive Slave Lsw. All the members, Democratic and Whig, from that State, who voted against ths law, are, we believe, re-elected. Judging from present ap pearances, Ohio is a Freesoil State. The last Lincoln Courier makes its appearance with new type and a handsome dress. We wish the worthy Editor constant accessions of new subscribers and the most abundant success. AN IMPORTANT DISCLOSURE. It turns out, after all, that President Fillmore had doubts aa to the constitutionals ty of the Fugitive Slave Bill, and that he signed it hesitatingly and after much consideration. The Wash ington Republic of Thu re day last, speaking by authority, says : " A public meeting was held at Faneuil Hall, in Boston, on Monday evening, of citizens opposed to the Fugitive Slave iaw, passed at the last session of Congress. At this meeting Charles F. Adams, the late candidate of the Free-soilere for the Vice Presi dency, acted aa chairman ; and a letter was read from the venerable Josiah Quincy, containing certain re miniscences, with respect to the political operation of the law of 1793. At this meeting a resolution was adopted denouncing the late law, among other reasons on the ground that it " takes away the benefit of the habeas corpus." If such had been the effect of the law, it would have been the duty of the President to veto it, on the objection of its unconstitutionality. Other obj est ions, arising from suggestions of inexpedi ency, the President could not entertain consistently with the well-established Whig doctrine in regard to the exercise of the Executive Veto. The American people have adopted the Whig rule upon this subject; and the only question left to the President under that rule was whether or not the hill submitted to him was consistent with the provision of the Constitution. It had been too long pending in Congress to permit him to raise any question upon the idea of " manifest haste and want of consideration''' in that body. While this bill was before the President for his signature, the question arose in his mind which is presented by the resolution of the Boston meeting to which we have above referred. Did the bill taice away the benefits of the habeas corpus ? If it did it was unconstitutional, and the President would have been bound to return it to Congress with his objec- tions. The President consequently referred the bill to the Attorney General for his opinion upon this ' point ; and an elaborate and able opinion was given j by that officer to the effect that there is nothing in the bill in question which conflicts with the Consti stitutinn, or suspends, or was intended to suspend, the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus." This opinion w have procured for publication, and it will be found in another column of this morning's paper. we ao not Knowtneviews or tne rresiaeni in regara to the propriety or expediency of this law. The po- , jced . he Soutnern presg, and attributed to the litical school to which he belongs has always adhered Wilmington and Raieigh Rail Road Company. We to the doctrine that questions of le2islative propriety i hanj madQ it an e8pecial point examine and en and expediency belong to the representatives of the j quiref and lnc blame, negligence, and mismanagement. States, and the representati ves of the people. It has be, of rf ht lQ t)e Peter3burg Road. The Pres been for years the siapleof Whig complaint that the , ident !ac8 energy the road is in a wretched condi will of the people has been too often frustrated by ; , . iMM1s-0 .A,.v that ti,v am the veto of the Executive; and the only question that could be entertained by the President, in view of his weii-seitieo and wen-Known convictions oi nxecuuve duty in this regard, was in respect to the constitution ality of the provisions of the hill. He entertained a douht upon the point which he submitted to the Attor ney General : and that doubt was removed bv the very conclusive opinion of Mr. Crittenden, to which j we again refer our readers.' Mr. Crittenden's opinion is drawn up with the ac customed ability of that gentleman, and is conclusive, j President Fillmore, it seems, could not consider , " other objections " to this law, nor could he ap ply the veto to it on the ground of haste, as it was passed after due consideration by Congress ! It is clear from this what his course will be, provided the next Congress should repeal or essentially modify ' this law. If this shall be done, he will sign the bill , effecting it, upon the ground that it is not for Attn, as j I a " national Whig, to arrest the will ot the people's j Representatives in Congress assembled. It is also clear from these disclosures, that his sympathies are : with the Abolitionists in this matter, and that he is ! opposed to the Fugitive Slave Act on grounds of ex- I pediency. . darfc and ,be evj, d ooms whh disruption on its wings. The President of the Unit ed States " doubts " upon points involving the dear est interests of fifteen States of the Confederacy upon points as clear, even to common understand insrs, as that two and two make four! I he "views OI ,ne successor oi v ashinotus are noi Known 5,8 to lne " propriety " or " expediency " of a law re- of the successor of Washington are not "known" ' stnrincr the nrnn.-rtv. nninstlv held, nf nne.half the i r " . . r He has no doubts about his right to coerce a sov- ensign slavehofdtng Male at the point of the bayonet; h.,t o,h hill i. lai,l KfnM him inr hie eint.,r.. the ohiect of which is to carrv out the nlain letter of he object of which is to carry out the plain let er of the Constitution by returning to their owners articles of property of which they have been robbed by their Northern fellow-citizens, he hesitates, and " doubts," and calls for opinions, for information, for light, to ... . the people ot Massachusetts, as a disunion, nullify- guide htm in his duty It remains to be seen whether s 10.,, u.i-; . ru 1 3 ing, covenant-breaking party, rhey may prof ens love this conduct will be approved by Southern VVhigismt for the Union, hut who regards professions whenac What says the Raleigh Register? Will that paper, i tions are ready to speak with a more truthful voice Dreferrinir party to country and he Union, endeavor ! Massachusetts loves the Union ot the States, because to cover this thing up 1 Will it state the facts in the premises 1 We shall see. CROOKS AND McBRIDE. We learn that these worthies were tried at the late ; Massachusetts Whigs are disunioniats, nullifiers, cov term of Forsy the Superior Court, on a charge of cireu- ! enant-breakers. Newborn Republican. lating an incendiary publication. They were indict- 1 True' every word of U i and yet Massachusetts is i ed under the act of 1830, being the 17th section of the chapter on " Crimes and punishment." The Greensborough Patriot says: "This case has excited intense interest in For- sythe and the adjoining counties, and the trial was attended by a large crowd of anxious spectators. It was taken up on b riday morning and occupied the whole day and until 9 or 10 o'clock at night. The State was ably represented by John A. Gilmer and Hugh Waddell, Esqs., and the defendants by Geo. C. Mendenhall and James T. Morehead, Esqs. Great latitude was allowed by the Court to the defend ants' counsel, and every disposition shown to give them a fair and impartial hearing : and no one who witnessed the zeal and ability ot the counsel for the defendants can accuse them of not discharging their whole duty towards their clients. 8 " " mi li. . .1 -'. 1 . ! r 1 .1 1 ne pampniei on wie circulation 01 wnicn me charge was founded, and which was read in evidence, contained a sort of running commentary on the Ten Commandments, couched in the violent and canting language of the abolitionists, and intended to show that slaveholders live in the habitual violation of all said Commandments. The essential point of evi dence was the proof that Mc Bride, on leaving the house of a Mr. Kenedy where he and Crooks had staid all night, put this pamphlet into the hands of Mr. K's. daughter, a little girl of ten or twelve years old. After the arguments of counsel, and a clear and intelligent charge from the Judge, admitted on bath sides to be impartial, at a late hour the jury retired and remained together all night. At the opening of the Court on Saturday morning the jury came in with their verdict of guilty as to Mc Bride, and not guilty as to Crooks. We may here remark that there was no evidence adduced before the Court against Crooks, except his association with McBride. The Judge proceeded to pronounce against McBride substantially the sentence prescribed in the statute, viz : imprisonment for one year, in the pillory for one hour, and twenty lashes. The defendant took an ap peal to the Supreme Court." Good very good ! These men are also indicted in Guilford Superior Court, which meets this week. We wish the law could take hold of their necks, in stead of their backs. The Patriot says that " McBride was bound in a heavy sum, with security, not to circulate any more pamphlets of the same character during the penden cy of his appeal." Maj. Ben MoCultoch has been elected Sheriff of Sacramento, California, to fill the vacancy created by the death of Sheriff McKinney. He was elected by a majority of one. Hurrah for Ben! Benia"ene" himself, and as good as a hundred at that, in battle. William Thompson, Democrat, has been elected to the Senate from Wayne County, to supply the vacancy occasioned by the death of Mr. Exam. w -JXT - r' NEW YORK POLITICS We visited thetJepot, a few days s.nce, to see the j It will be remembered by our read ,k Tornado, a Locomotive repaired, or indeed re-made , late Syracuse Convention of the New V T ' for the Raleigh and Gsston Road. Vte machinery of j after the various candidates for the Suite 1 bras., steel, and iron, and the running works are all j been nominated, a Resolution was introdT new; and so far as we can judge, they appear to have Adopted by a large majority, commendiT ? been finished in the very best manner. This work j Seward; and thai thereupon Mess Sn was all done at the Depot Shop, under the superin- Duer and some forty others of the Fill mom tendance of Mr. Albert Johnson, the head-workman. ! al " Whie8 left tht ki . naV The rT, .,. b, Mr. ,,. R.-Uo., ml JTS twelve months since, is still performing service; and ! at Utica on the 17th instant Well the U 4 though it has had rough work to go throughas j ventonhasassembled.acted.'andadio'urned- wH every engine must on such a Road we learn that it j honest Southern reader, do you imagine it'h h' makes about as good time, upon the whole, as it did j Why, it passed a few milk-and-cider Resol" when first started. These facts demonstrate that there I favor of Mr. Fillmore and " national " Whi is no reason why we should send North for engines j wound up by nominating and endorsing the S,',, of this character, or for machinery fortmr Rail Roads. ! Ticket for the State offices ! Washing u" j , if we fail after a fair trial, then resort to the tree States, and not before. A good deal of eensure has of late been indulged in, on account of mail failures North of this place ; and the censure has been cast, at least by implication, on the Raleigh and Gaston Road. We are not surpris ed at this. It is natural that this Road, in its present dilapidated condition, should be held responsible for these failures by persons unacquainted with the facts; but as we stated a week or two since, the blame for e can uu me wotk nurfi aianv rain. pi. nx irii . ann many of the late failures rests properly on the North- r i mi r 1 1 : . . i ri.: 1 ern a' ne io " ? I respondence of the Charleston News, will explain j this matter: . Tne directore of the Wilmington and Raleigh ! Raii dj nmiunv. with mmPi.Hahlp irvr. are j DUttin tne;r road ;n thorough reoair : UDwards of 90 ; i( Ig j jd witn T iron and the work is pro. gressing. INew and commodious cars and heavy en gines are now on the road, and others in the course of construction, and there is every probability of com pleting, the whole route for the Spring travel, that for the last year having increased fourfold. The mail faii,a .hUh almost Hailu nr-mir. are tWntuNif.lv no. j compeled lo 8lop frequently on the route to allow ; lhem a mUe brealhing space. Mr. Bird has been , . h ufi, tho Directories of the Richmond and Wilmington lines to use some exertion to remedy the evil, but it still continues, and will until the Post Master General enforces the fines for gross neglect of duty." " Let justice be done, though the Heavens should fall." The Gaston Road is certainly in a bad condi tion ; but the engines and the engineers are bound to go through, whether they find iron to run upon or not. We venture to say that they can make better time on less iron auu more roiieii wouu, man any eei ui men in Chiistendom ; and if ever a plan should be invented tor running steam-engines on the naKed earth, Ma j. Vass and his assistants will come in for the honor of the invention, and get the patent. I j The people of Massachusetts demand the repeal ! of the fugitive slave act ! Let us go back a little. It is admitted that the Constitution would never have been approved by the Southern Stales without the provision concerning fugitive slaves. The Consti tution, when completed, was sanctioned by each State separately, as a whole, and bound herself to perform j all the duties and obligations imposed by the contract ! There was no reservation of any part or parts, but the whole was sanctioned together. It was based on mutual concession a. id compromise. Massachusetts and the North consented and agreed to the clause con cerning fugitive slaves. This part of the covenant has been almost totally disregarded. An act of Con- n ) gress is passed enforcing this provision on the Con stitution, and Massachusetts steps forward to oppose j, and lo deinand its repeal. She has enjoyed all the benefits of living under the Constitution, but no soon- er is a duty to be performed, than she refuses to ex- i , . . . , ecute the contract, and hastens to violate the pledge which she Pave when she sa..crinni,d thp (institution. Thug lne ri hteous and citizens of Massachu- ; setts stand forth before the world as covenant breakers. i Their conscience is not so tPndpr hnt that thpv can I ass'8t ia stealing slaves, but it has grown entirely too ; - J , their fathersrmade. 0ut upon such hypocrisy ! The Whig party of Massachusetts in Convention j assembled, demand the repeal of the fugitive slave nr. ! . i '" ve niosi consiaer men, nearly two-tturds 01 that Union conduces to her interest; she disregards the Constitution, because it imposes upon her the ' performance of certain duties, at which her delicacy revolts. Such is the position of the ruling party in Massachusetts, whatever may be their professions ; one 01 ltle 8,are hat never sets. As a matter : 01 course, the w nigs ot that fctate will carry the day j in the pending election; and then listen for Whig j shouts out South. The Raleigh Register will do tV share of the shouting, and no mistake. It always j has heretofore, over Whig triumphs in this same State, .... . . . I . Z there are no .sonionists or " nullifiers in ! Massachusetts- of course not. They are all in the i South ! Influx of- California Gold. To the 1st of Sep tember, the various mints have received during the nmoont v.. - Ann nnn mr 'm i i 77 J w- ' iwwipw ounng ! Th meyear most necesanly be much the SSSLSl 71 following are the receipts of I ?,d at the mlnt a,nce the commencement 1 OI minincr there I e In 1848. t44,177 6,145,510 14,835,623 In 1849, In 1850 to July 31, Total $21,035,310 In the month of August, some three or four mil lions more were received, and since the 1st of Sep- tember the packets have brought three millions more. The probability is, that very heavy amounts will be received in October and November, so that we shall expect to see in all fifty millons arrive in this year alone. This large amount of gold will serve as a basis of credit to the amount of at least a hundred millions, and so far keek ud the abundance of money. Louisville Journal. Three Steamers, which lately arrived at New York from California the Empire City, the Geor gian, and the Cherokee brought over, all together, $1,600,000 more of gold dust. Death of Mrs. Wiss. The Richmond papers of Thursday last contain the announcement of the death of Mrs. Wise, wife of the Hon. Henry A. Wise. Mr. Wise was in attendance oa the Virginia Convention. She aspired, suddenly, on Monday night ; and the first intimation Mr. Wise had of her illness was the message which reached him in the hall ot the Con vention, informing Mm Of her death. He left imme diately for home. Mrs. Wise was the daughter of the Hon. John Sergeant, of Philadelphia. The Crescent City arrived at New York on Fri day last, with 9600,000 in gold dust and 334 pas sengers from California. The Tennessee was at Pan ama on the 4th instant, with $1,000,000 in gold dust, and 250 passengers. Edward Cuthbert, ot Newborn in this State, died on his way home, on board the Crescent City. The North Carolina Conference will be held at Warrenton, to commence the 14th of November next, and the Virginia Conference, at Richmond 27th November. nominee at Syracuse for Governor, and one of $ ard's right hand men, is also the nominee of th union-saving W higs at Utica ! On the 1 1th instant six days before theassembl of the Utica Convention Mr. Hunt wrote a letter Mr. Granger signifying his acceptance of the Syra ' nomination and defining his position generally ??. Slavery question. This letter is igei0US evidently written with much care; but the poi the viper lurks in every line. He calls for tL!?.0" ! nA mai l T . deration" .wucaiauuD ueiween iorinern and South Whigs-says that if "agitation" has arisen on 2 Slavery question, the Northern Whigs are notre8jJ sible for it and he acquiesces in the formation o Territorial Government for New Mexico without In Wilmot Proviso, in the "confident hope" and beC that the people of this Territory will in "due tL come forward and successfully assert their right admission into the Union as aree State." He fit1' great cause, however, for congratulation over the la abolishing the slave-trade in the District of Columbia On this point he says : " In surveying the measures of Congress connect ed with the slavery question, we should rejoice in A. prohibition of the slave-trade in the District of fv lumbia. I hail this as a great measure of patriotism and humanity. It removes from the capital a traffic which shocked the sentiments if the people, and brought reproach unon our national riwrnrtpr." s Upon the subject of the Fugitive Slave Law he places himself, in a few words, side by side with Seward and Greely. He says : " I should be wanting in candor if I omitted to sav that I deplore the passage of the fugitive-slave-laJ-in its present form. Recognising to the fullest ex tent the Constitutional obligation which it is intend ed to enforce, I regret the features ot this bill which are calculated not to arrest agitation, but to make it more intense and universal. It could not have been well considered, and needs essential modifications. The summary operation of its provisions conflicts with all our notions of persona) right and security ri,;.,.i from the common law, and recognised by everv free nnnclitnlinn ' ' constitution. Mr. Hunt wants " essential modifications "-he cas for the habeus corvus and trial hv i 6- escaped slave ; and should he be elected, the great State of New York will have made the samn pall ' J J'J "ic 1X7 I. TI M! . . . What next 1 How long will it be before we are asktj to compromise over the Fugitive Slave Act also Mr. Hunt also assumes, as a matter of course, that he can act on the basis of this letter with all true Southern Whigs, and intimates that he would wit ness with deep grief any disruption of " those cher ished ties which bind the Whig party together." He entertains a profound affection for Mangum and Stanly, and expressess it as follows: " You and I have witnessed the patriotism and true national feeling evinced by our whig brethren of the South, duriug years of personal association with lhem in the halls of Congress. It is impossible that we ever should be separated from them in feeling or political principle. I will not surrender my claim lo Hveanddiein the same national party with Clay and Crittenden, Bell and Mangum, Stanly and Gen try. " Greely of the Tribune Seward's organ is in raptures with this letter. He says : I . Lneiol,ow,nSf correspondence between Hon.rran- tm C,S and Hon- Washington Hunt, the wh.? . candidate for governor, will explain itself and tkdri- ft "Ty whtg A-art' , Mr Hunt' 11 W,H be seen' ' tno?b mPst for union and harmony in the I,! re,uses4.to rpPud,aie the Syracnse noon- nation. tO Censure the whlir State onniontifin nr In . Aantm' ifo QtQ , "TJ. Z denounce its acts and resolves, whether relating to principles or persons. He cannot perceive why an anti slavery whig is not as truly " national " as a pro-slavery one. He is adverse to all political assaults by New York upon the cherished institutions of sister States, but insists that slavery shall not be extended, and that the fngitive-slave bill ought to be repealed or essentially modified. Read, w higs, and move on with locked shields and joyous hearts to viclory ! New York must repudiate her whole history, as well as her cherished principles, when she repudiates Washington Hunt! " How many "Whig hearts" in North Carolina are " electrified "! The New York Express, after all its big words against Seward, and after all its apparent regard for the Union and Southern rights, strikes its flag and goes for Hunt, The New York Courier and Enquir er, under the control of James Watson Webb, who has just returned from Europe, also takes up Seward, vindicates his course, declares that he has the sympa thies of five-sixths" of the New York Whigs, and goes likewise for Hunt; and so of the entire Whig press of the State. The Anti-Renters are going for Hunt too; and it is charged, no doubt with truth, that the Van Burens and Cambreling will band se cretly in this contest, in favor of Hunt and Seward. John Van Buren, it is said, is to be the Senator in place of Mr. Dickinson; that he is playing a double game, deceiving the Hunkers, and electioneering lor this post, there can be no doubt. The election for State officers comes off on the 5th of next month. We shall soon know whether Abolitionism or the Consti- i tution is to triumph. We thought, a week or two since, that the Hunker Democrats would carry the State ; but the scene changes again, and Sewardism appears to be sweeping all before it. We perceive from the Fort Leavenworth Corres pondence of the New Orleans Delta, that Maj. Rich ard Caswell Gatlin, of this State, commanding F. company of the seventh regiment of infantry, had left on the 15th ult., for Santa Fe. We are requested to state that the Review of the 35th and 36th Regiments, by the Major and Briga dier Generals, on the 24th, will take place in the old field, in front of Dr. Watson's residence, at 18 The ice bill sent in, shows that during the past summer the House of Representatives have used fif teen hundred bushels of ice for the purpose of cool ing the drinking water used in the Hall. The Hon. Mr. Sslward is to stump the State of New York during this campaign. , , Potatoes in New York city are 4 to 6s. per busnei retail, and 12 to 14s. per barrel wholesale. r Boston Post. Seward used to be called " small potatoes " in New York. H e is growing. Hon. Levi Woodbury, one of the judges of the Supreme Coort of the United States, has been chosen a delegste to the State convention for the revision 01 the constitution of New Hampshire. The population or Washington City is aboot40,W0 Of this number there are 8,500 free colored, and l.wu slaves. , nnn v r . -iv