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J08. 8. CANHOll. JOS. WM. HOLDER. CANNON & HOLD EN, Editon of the Standard, Printer to the Contention, ' and authorized putHubert of .the Laws of the United State.' " " - ' , LABGE3T CIBOUIATIOtI lit TUB CITY, LAEGEST Wednesday, January .3, 1866. Got. Holdem Relieved! It will be seen from the following corres pondence that Gov. Holden has been relieved of his duties as Provisional Governor of North-Carolina, : We believe all the Provis ional Governors have been relieved, with the exception of Gov. Hamilton, of Texas, who has not yet quite completed his work. This is but another stco. and a very important one, in the work of restoration. The Presi dent now presents his plan to Congress in as fair and as perfect a shape as practicable. He has done his duty as far as he could, with the elements he had to deal with in the in surgent States ; the Congress must now do its duty,' and will hinder, or advance and complete the work of restoration as to the majority in that body may seem expedient and proper. . One of the chief impediments in the way of restoration is the " test-oath." The in surgent States went out from the family in 1861. bv withdrawing their members of Con- 'gress and attempting to set up for them selves ; and they would have no right to complain, if in their efforts to return, they encountered no unreasonable opposition. But the " test-oatu" is unreasonaoie, anu . presents an extraordinary obstacle. It is not onlv unreasonable but "it is unjust, because it puts under ban the great body of the loyal "Union men of the insurgent States. It was much easier and far more profitable in all re spects, to-be an Union man in the Northern " than it was in the Southern States during thefute rebellion. Southern Union men in curred reproach and obloquy, and carried thtiir lives in their hands; and even now they are more or less under the ban ; but a .Union man North was honored and promo ted, and the suppression of the rebellion has placed him and his children on the most for- modified so as to admit into Congress true representatives of the Union sentiment of the insurgent States ; arid untirthis is done the Union men in this portion of the coun try will have good cause to complain of their Northern brethren. Why, even Andrew Johnson himself, with all his heartfelt ardor for the Union, and with the fixed determina- tion never to abandon it in any event, would have been compelled, if he had remained in Tennessee, to have spoken some word or per formed some act which might have been con strued as in aid of the rebellion ; and if he hnrl not done so. his life would have been ta ken, or his existence would have been mis erable. Such was the condition hundreds of thousands of citizens of the insurgent States during the rebellion, who were at heart Union men, and who longed for the re storation of the common government on the basis of the Constitution. And not only this, but there are many who " went with their State" into the vortex of the rebellion, when their judgments told them they were WTong ; but at the time they had neither the will nor the power to resist And not only this, but there are those among us who are now loyal and true, who at one time were honestly in favor of secession, or who, if not .. lrtiwiMliT in fiivnr nf if: pncnnmcrpA it. find took part in it under various impulses orfrom . .. . n 11 , . ' .1 ' ' various motives, ouperauueu u mis, our '-- Northern friends should bear in , mind the fact that the political education of the South ern people has materially differed from that of the Northern people, in respect to the powers of the common government All are satisfied now as to those powers ; but it is a fact that many good Union men in the South Leld in 18C1, that the common government hnd no more right to coerce a State than a State had to secede. We enter . no plea for those leading men in the insurgent States who conceived and planned the rebellion, and who " fired the Southern mind," and thus plunged the people into the horrors of civil war. These men, with those of their followers who knew better, and who refused at the commencement and during the contin uance of the rebellion to listen to the voice of reason, are- guilty of " conscious treason," and should not only be excluded from office for the balance of their lives, but severely punished. But the " test-oath" ought not to .be continued as it is, excluding as it does from office, and placing under the ban so many true men in the South. We sincerely trust it may be so modified as to protect the government against " conscious traitors," and at the same time do justice to the loyal Union men of the insurgent States. The difference between the powers of Gov. Worth and Gov. Holden we understand to be as follows : Gov. Holden was a Gover nor provided by the President, under the Constitution, tor the people ot the State, to .CORCiuci tue civil auministrauon tnereol in accordance witn tne will ol tue president. Gov. Holden was not bound by either the Constitution or the laws of the State, for no oath of any sort was required of him. In many respects his power was absolute, and there could be no appeal from his action ex ept to the President himself. Gov. .Worth is limited and restrained in his powers by the Constitution of the State, which he has sworn to support. He must execute the laws of the State as they exist, under that Con stitution, so far as they are compatible with the federal Constition. His power is de rived from the people of the State, and is hedged about by Constitutions and laws; nevertheless, in some respects he is also a ', Provisional Governor, for the State is not i yet fully restored to its Constitutional rela- lations to the common government, and Gov. and Gov. Holden himself, is only a means to attain the great end in view, to wit, a com plete restoration of the Union. So far as the civil law is concerned, the installation of Gov..Worth is only a step in the way to re i establish it He can open the Courts, as tJov. Holden has done, and, in conjunction "with the Legislature, he can order regular circuits and jury trials f but the Freedman'a Bureau- will remain, fotbeas corpus will be . suspended, and martial law will continue to exist The installation of Gov. Worth is not, therefore, as many hpped it would be, the re establishment of civil law. But we are climb ing the mountain, and will reach the top after a while. Every step tells. When our members shall have been admitted to their seats in Congress, when the Freednian's Bureau is withdrawn, when habeas corpus is restored, when martial law ceases, and when the President proclaims that the State is once more a full member of the Union, then, . and not before, will the civil law be fully re established. We shall make no factious opposition to the administration of Gov. Worth. Though we object most decidedly to the " fortuitous concourse of atoms" (to use the felicitous ex pression of Lord Palmerston on an important occasion,) by which he was elected; yet if he should prefer true Union men in his ap pointments to office, and give a cordial and unwavering support to the administration-of Andrew Johnson, he will find no enemy in this journal We want no division among the good and true men of the State. We. shall have time and occasion enough for strife after the State is restored. Let all pur people for the present, at least, be at peace among themselves : Dkpabtment of State, . - Washington, December 23, 1865. To hi Excellency, W. W. Holden, Provisional Gov ernor of the State of North- Carolina, Hakigh: Sin : The time has arrived, when, in the Judg ment of the President of the United States, the care and conduct of the proper affairs of the 8tate of North-Carolina may be remitted to the consti tutional authorities chosen by the people thereof without danger to the peace and safety of the United States. By direction of the President, therefore, you are relieved from the trust which was heretofore reposed in you as Provisional Governor of North Carolina. Whenever the Governor elect shall have accepted and become qualified to discharge the duties of the executive office, you will traua fer the papers and property of the State now in your custody to his Excellency, the Governor elect It gives me especial pleasure to convey to you the President's acknowledgment of the fidelity, the loyalty and the discretion which have marked your administration. You will please give me a reply, specifying the day aa which this communication is received. I have the honor to be, your Excellency's most obedient servant, . WILLIAM H. SEWARD. Executive Office, Raleigh, Dee. 83, 1865. To Hon. William H. Seward, Secretary of State, Waaldngton : Siu : Tour dispatch of this date, relieving me of my duties as IJrovisional Governor of North Carolina, has been received. It gives me pleasure to be relieved of the re sponsibilities and labors orthe office. I will at ouce transfer the Great Seal, the papers, and property of the State, now in my possession, to the Hon. Jonathan Worth, Governor elect - Be pleased to convey to the President my sin cere acknowledgments for the hotor he has done me, aud the confidence reposed in me, in calling me to this position ; with the expression of the hope that his plan for restoring the insurgent States to their natural and appropriate places in the Union, may be crowned with entire success. I have the honor to be, with high respect, your obedient servant, - W. W. HOLDEN. " Holden and g In, and Worth and stay out" " Since the announcement of the President's tel egram to Gov. Holden intimating his wish for him to continue in office, several of our cotctnporarics in the State have twitted us about our unfortu nate course, and the delay we had occasioned in the restoration of the Union by the advocacy of Mr. Worth's claims. We were not disposed tore ply then, nor will we now twit thein in return. We knew then that the election of Mr. Worth could do neither the State nor any one else any harm, and we think so still. We only place at the head of this article, the text- upon which they preached so much nonsense, as a simple reminder and as a warning to them iu future." Sentinel. We thought we were to have peace when Gov. Wortb came into office, but the above from the Sentinel oi the 29th, Gov. Worth's organ, shows a determination to continue strife. Gov. Worth comes in with a taunt His organ assumes what is not true, that it was "iwitted" into uttering the above, and it then ''improves the occasion" by endeavor ing to show what extraordinary wisdom has marked its course as a partizan journal. We should offer no objection to the self-satisfied air of our cotemporary, or the laudation with which it lathers itself, if the impression it thereby seeks io produce as to the present status of the State were correct It is not true, as the Sentinel would have its readers believe, that the State has been restored to the Union. The State is no more restored than it was under Gov. Holden. There are various sorts of fibs; the fib selfish, the fib direct, the fib malicious, the fib by insinua tion, the fib by concealment, and the fib in direct Our cotemporary has perpetrated the latter. The Sentinel says the election pf Mr. Worth as Governor has not delayed the return of the State to the Union. But President Johnson says it has. The Sentinel makes no reply to this declaration by the President, but like the Irishman's owl, it "kapes up a divil of a thinking." It would denounce the President, if it dared. But the time has not yet come for that. It will come. The Sentinel says it knew the election of Mr. Worth could do the State no harm. The answer is, has it done the State any good ? We have had feuds, and strife, and ill feeling in the State, ever since the Editor of the Sentinel and a few other leaders brought out Mr. Worth for Governor; and the tone of the Sentinel indicates that we are to have no peace hereafter. Who is to blame for this ? If Gov. Holden had been elected without opposition, and if nine members of Congress had been chosen like Mr. Pool, the State of North-Carolina would have been restored to her full privileges as a member of the Union by the first of February next There is no doubt of it Who, then, is to blame for keeping the State from the enjoyment of these privileges ? The answer is, the Editor of the Sentinel and other politicians of his stamp, who preferred their .own ambitious and selfish ends to the good of their country. Death of Thos. I. Faiso, Esq. We regret to announce the death of Thos. L Faison, Esq., of the County of Sampson, which took place suddenly a few, days since, at his residence. - Mr. Faison had represented the people of Sampson for many years in the General As sembly of the State. ' He was also a mem ber of the Convention of 1835, and a mem ber of the present Convention and of the State Senate.' He retained his popularity under all .circumstances, and was always a strong man before the people of his County. His death will be deplored by many friends. , Let it be Remembered. " The- P.-ogres and Standard we believe, stand now alone in this State in calling those who differ with them traitors, or guilty of treason. We, therefore, .desire to give them warning, unless they regard themselves above law or below law. In the Supreme Court of the. United States on last Friday, Mr. Carpenter asserted, and the At- wruvj ucuviiu auuiiLLeu iu curreemew, uiui u) charge a man with being a traitor and of course the applying to him epithets which mean the same thiug who has been pardoned by the Presi dent, was acuonaoie. sucn a charge subjects tne maker of it to suit and damages. Those papers have made this charge very flippantly against per sons at different times, so direct as to make them liable. The charge is defamatory and insulting, and should not be borne in silence." This extract from the Raleigh Sentinel is exactly the thing. It is time the true Union supporters of President Johnson were turning upon these defamcrg. This thing has gone far enough, and, in the language of a distinguished Senator, "must stop." We neither desire personal or legal diffi culties, but will not tamely submit to such out rageous abuse. We have not assailed the char acter or motive of any one have endeavored to be courteous to all ind whenever we have in dulged in personalities it has only been to repel an unjustifiable and wanton attack. We desire harmony and peace, and if it does not prevail it is oo fault of ours. Charlotte Time. Going to sue, are you, gentlemen ? And you are quite sure that to call a man a traitor is actionable! What lawyers I Blackstone lays it down that you may call a person a thief, but unless you specify that he stole a certain thing it is not actionable. To charge a person with an overt act of treason may be actionable, for the charge implies an indict able offence; but one may call another a traitor or a thief all day, and not be liable at law. And so these worthies who have been traitors, and who boast ' that they were traitors, are not to be " insulted " by being told of it, and that too when their present conduct proves that they are still more or less rebellious; " This is a free country for loyal men, but not for traitors. We are not to be deterred from doing our duty to the government by threats of any kind or from any quarter. What was the conduct oi" these same worthies, when, under the rule of Da vis, Union men were called traitors, and im mured in dungeons, and hunted down as conscripts, and hand-cuffed- and forced to fight against their will? When the true men of this State called for peace in 1863, and labored to secure it, they were not only called traitors, but they were persecuted, im prisoned, mobbed, their property destroyed, and their helpless families insulted, nave a care, gentlemen. The Union men have no fear of the Courts, but when the Courts are again in operation, there are certain tyrants and oppressors of the people in Confederate days, who, will be lucky if they escape the gallows. The Trail of the Serpent. At the time the Sentinel opened upon the Standard in earnest to use its own expressive phrase, it "felt restive and uneasy." It charged upon the Standard that it was mis representing and damaging the Governor. Somehow or other in the eyes of the Sentinel, the Standard and the Governor become one and the same thing. It was his "Court Journal," his " organ," and he was held re sponsible for it. On- the 6th of September it said: " In all our intercourse with Gov. Holden since he has beeu iu office, he has been uniformly dig nified, affable, kind and courteous in his deport ment to every one. We have not heard ojf an exception. lie puts on no lordly majesty to make people tremble in their shoes. Nothing like it. It is for this reason, we counsel the Standard to change its course, and imitate the temper and spirit of the Governor, unlet it would misrepresent him before the public aud seriously damage his ad ministration." The italics are ours. Gov. Holden was then to be held responsible by the public for the tone and conduct of the Standard. If it did or said certain things, Gov. Holden would suffer. Why did not Jhe Sentinel come out boldly and manfully and say that the Standard was as much responsible to the public for what it said, as the Sentinel was or ever will be ? But while praising the Gov ernor it sought to stab him. A few days afterwards a communication signed by one " Milo," was published in the Sentinel. It was a mere bill of indictment against the Governor. The Sentinel sustain ed "Milo," especially where he, "Milo," made Gov. Holden responsible for the Stan dard. To support "3Iilo" and itself it even dragged in a third party. It said on the 16th: "A gentleman who has large observation and means of knowning the sentiments of the people of the State, after reading " Milo " remarked, that the sentiment was becoming common among our people, that President Johnson is for more liberal in his feelings and purposes towards North Carolina, than Gov. Holden is. We have antici pated nothiug else from the course of the Stan dard." Here was a direct charge that Gov. Hol den was illiberal and that the feeling was growing in the State against him. . The Sen tinel was pledged to Gov. Holden's policy, it had declared it to be the true policy, and yet when it .began to face popular opinion, bred from old prejudices and disaffection, it turn ed upon the Standard as the cause of the growing evil, and held Gov. Holden repon sible for the Standard. The truth was, its own subscribers and readers were the persons who entertained such feelings, and instead of enlightening them and promoting harmony, it fostered their prejudices. To the extent of its circulation it leaned against the Gov ernor, although its printed pledge of support and words of praise were scarcely dry upon the paper. We could not reach such persons ; and if perhaps we did, the Sentinel had warp ed their judgement and aroused their feelings against us. The seed was sown and the crop was to be gathered in the Convention, if possible. The crop amounted to $15,000,000 war debt, the displacement of Gov. Holden, and a-general scramble for office by the "true men, who swear to their hurt, yet change not" - But again, on the 20th of September, it deemed it necessary to re-endorse the Gov ernor's policy. This was done in the most unequivocal manner, to be broken ere another moon waxed and waned. About this time an article appeared in the Standard headed " Come and let us reason together." The Sentinel charged Gov. Hol den, by insinuation, with writing it This insinuation, mark you, was meant to trap the Governor and clinch its former charges that he was responsible for the editorials in the Standard.- Having called the atten tion of the Sentinel to the insinuation, however, it publicly corrected its state ment on the 22nd of September. Thus, by insinuation, it was assailing the Governor covertly. Observe how insidiously it labor ed to destroy confidence in Gov. Holden praises fell from its lips one day, insinuations and misrepresentations the next -- Other anonymous communications were published about the same time, all tending in the same direction, " . ' ; '.' '.-.' 'I ''. , v We think that enough has now been said to prove this point that the Sentinel, while it pretended to be friendly to the Governor, was really opposing him, as far as , it -was prudent to do so." The name of such politi cal friends is "legion." The pity is that any honest citizen should have been deluded by this "wolf in sheep's clothing." ; Gov. Worth returned to the City on Wed nesday night last, and Thursday, the 28th, Gov. Holden turned over to him the Great Seal, the State papers and property, and Gov. W. entered on his- duties. . , . , W. H. Bagley, Esq., is Private Secretary. We have heard of no other appointments. We learn that Gov. Worth has summoned the Council of State to meet in Raleigh early in January, with a view to convening the Legislature. That body adjourned till the 5th of February, but under this call for the Council of State it will most probably assem ble by thq 20th of January. . . The following despatch was" sent to Secre tary Seward: ' , State of Nokth-Cabolina, Executive Department, Raleigh, Dec. 28, latS5. Hon. Wm. H. Sewabd, Secretary of State, Washington City, J). C. Sib : In pursuance of your dispateh of the 23d inst, communicating to me a copy of a commu nication addressed, by order of the President to W.. W. Holden, Provisional Governor, whereby he is relieved of the trust heretofore reposed in him, I have this day entered upon my duties aa civil Governor of the State, having been, hereto tore duly qualified before .both branches of the General Assembly. I desire, through you, to assure the President of my earnest desire to co-operate with him in all measures tending to the complete restoration of harmonious relations between North-Carolina and the United States. I have the honor to be, With great respect your obt sevt JONATHAN WORTH. " In all candor and sincerity we would, ask, what man in North Carolina contributed more to bring about the late war than William W. Hol den ? He wos'Wie original secessionist of the State; aud he is responsible, more than any one else, for the " awful consequences" of which his journal now speaks. H'ii. Dispatch. . The whole paragraph bears the falsehood on its face. . , ., . .'., t The obscurity of the editors of the Dispatch in the political conttsts of 186061 protect their records. Gov.' Holden then labored as no one else labored in this State for the pre servation of the American Union.' Where were the Editors of the Dispatch then ? Did they agree with him, or were they opposed to him ! Were they among the noble Union men of that day, who forgetting party, ral lied like heroes around the star spangled banner ? Or were they then wearing seces' sion cockades ! Let them answer. We could point out those who labored to" bring on war when Gov. Holden lalwred to avert it, if it were necessary to do so; and Who labored to keep it up, when he was ven turing his life and property in advocating peace and reconstruction. But all these events are too recent in the public mind.- The people well know that the same persons who denounce Gov. Holden as a Secession ist, once clamored for his arrest and execu tion as a Union tory and traitor to the South ern Confederacy. P. S. There is a peculiarity about the Wilmington Dispatch. The Sentinel in Raleigh assaults Gov. Holden, the Dispatch follows suit; a "record" is published in Raleigh, the Dispatch publishes also; the Sentinel calls us a " radical," the Dispatch bawls " radical !" (wonder if it knew what it meant ?) the Sentinel gets mad, the Dis patch saises its bristles. . Verily, who edits the Dispateh f Is it edited in Raleigh or Wilmington I In both places we presume as the Sentinel and Dispatch appear to be mere reprints. Fence or No Fence t We have seen it stated that in certain parts of New England there are no fences around the growing fields only fences around the pastures, wherein all the stock is kept. The plan is said to work well, the expense of fencing being avoided in a great degree, and each man's cattle kept at home, where they ought to be. Of course there is a general concurrence in the plan throughout the neighborhood. We see that this question has been raised in Virginia whether there shall be fences or not ? Many of the farmers, whose fences were destroyed by the, armies, are unable to rebuild them in time for another crop. They art now willing to do away with fencing, as far as it can be avoided, and propose a gen eral system for that purpose. We suppose their influence is not small in the State of Virginia. It looks to us like a- practicable plan in a thickly settled district, where the timber is much cleared away; but where the people are sparsely settled and timber plentiful, it could not save much expense to the farmers to have no fences, but on the other hand it seems to us they would still prove invaluable protections. Nevertheless wd may look for ward to the- day perhaps, when fences will not be seen around our farms, while some general system will be adopted for the pro tection of alL But this can only occur when we are a more thickly settled and bet ter organized community. Contraction of the Currency. Secretary McCullough strongly urged upr on Congress the immediate contraction of the currency. Congress has passed a reso lution expressing its determination to carry out the Secretary's recommendation. We do not know whether his plan will be adopted or not; but it is simple, and if adopted, would no doubt be found efficient He first proposes that the compound interest notes shall cease to be ft legal tender from the day of their maturity. His second proposition is'to sell bonds of the United States, bearing interest at a rate not exceeding six per cent and redeemable and payable at such periods as shall be conducive to the interests of the government. This would give him an op portunity to retire, not only compound in terest notes, but the United States notes. By this plan, it will be observed, no vio lence would be done to any interest what ever, and with the exercise of a fair amount of discretion, the work might go on almost unpercepupiy. . We have seen the statement in print that Gov. Graham has been pardoned. We learn from Hillaboro' that this is a mistake. . The New Year comes with the healing of blessed Peace upon its wings. : That for which so many good men and women prayed and hoped, has been accomplished. We have peace.. The integrity of the Uuion has been maintained. It is not yet it is true, out of danger. It has not been fully restored, and it may not be for months to come ; and even after it is restored it will require vigilance and a strong hand now and then to repress faction, and to establish justice between dif ferent races. But the fury of the storm is spent, and a clear sky is beginning to show itself. . We shall have no more civil war. The Republic will grow and expand, " and liberty will be secured to all. Seeing the sufferings and perils from which w have been delivered, and looking to the future, with Paul we may thank God and take courage." Let us begin the New Tear with a firm purpose to make the most of our1 condition. As a people we are poor, but our condition is by no means hopeless. . On the contrary, ,we have much to encourage us. Let us learn that Labor, which is the great law of nature, is not only profitable but a. source of real pleasure. Let all learn this. Hereto fore, manual labor has not been respected in this region as it should have been. . Let it be made respectable ; and let the idler or ctrone, whether white or black, be marked and shunned. The law may do something in this respect, but society can do more. An idle,' thriftless, aimless human being is a nuisance. It is not alone that idleness be gets poverty for poverty in itself is not to be esteemed a fault but no one can evade the law of Labor and be honest or upright' It is simply impossible. - Nature has decreed that idleness and crime should go together. They never have been, and they never will be separated. Young man, do something for a living. Plough, hoe, grub, maul, ditch tany thing that will give you a start in life. If you have a trade or a profession, stick to it The foundations of society among us are being laid anew. Now is your time. Re solve to grow up with this society, and, by your industry, your sobriety, and your intol ' ligence to become one of its heads. You can, if you will. Ten years hence, if you will take this advice, you may " sit among the elders of the land." But if you should have to wait twenty or thirty years before yoar hopes of a fortune, or of a competency and of influence are realized, even that period of time will seem to you short when it has pas sed away. We tell you that unless you go to work, and cultivate habits of industry, economy, and sobriety, you will not succeed in life, whatever your prospects or fortune may be. To all we wish a. prosperous New Year. We wish this to all, as the kind-hearted preacher prays for all ; but mere wishes are of no avail. Good fortune, or luck, as it is sometimes called, comes not by chance. The law of cause aud effect is unchangeable. If there be nothing to cause prosperity, it will not be seen either in individuals or in States. Rather let us wish, therefore, that every one of us may be actuated during the ensuing year, by a sense of duty to the country, to so ciety, to our families, and to ourselves ; and if this be the case, ill fortune, if it should visit us, will be borne with a good conscience, and we shall hope that a better day awaits us. " A sense of duty," says D.vsiel Web ster for he "still lives" "pursues us ever. It is omnipresent, like the Dicty. If we take to ourselves the wings of the morning, and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea, duty performed, or duty violated, is still with us, for our happiness or our misery. If we say the darkness shall cover us, in the darkness as in the light our obligations are yet with us. We cannot escape their power, nor fly from their presence. They are with us in this life, will be with us at its close ; and in that scene of inconceivable solemnity, which lies yet further onward, we shall still .find ourselves surrounded by the consciousness of duty, ta pain ua wherever it has been viola ted, and to console us so far as God may have given us grace to perform it." Let every one, cherishing this " sense of duty," enter cheerfully and without misgiving on the labors and trials of the New Year. We publish below, by authority, the charge and specification against R. P. Waring, now under arrest by the military : CHARGES AGAINST ROBERT P. WAR ING, CITIZEN. Charge "For publishing and circulating disloyal and seditious writings within a Dis trict vnder Martial Law." Specification In this, that Hubert P. War ing, citizen of Mecklenburg county, State of North-Carouna, and Editor ot a newspaper named and known as the Daily Carolina Times, published at Charlotte, in the county and State aforesaid, did publish in said news paper, and circulate an article in words as tollows : " We are still without Washington news, and look forward to the report of the Com mittee on Credentials with some interest, though without hope of receiving justice. The South is now under a more grinding despotism than has heretofore louua a place on tue tace oi tne eartii. Raised under a form of government as expoun ded bv the early fathers of the republic, when to say, " I am an American citizen," was equal to a king, we feel our serfdom more painfully by re flecting upon what we hare lost. We have fallen from our high estate, and now there is " none so poor as to do us reverence." Other nations, while suffering under the iron heel of lawless tyranny. con console themselves with the reflection that their condition is no worse than that of their pre decessors. The Russian serf, as he cats his bread o" dependence, knows tuat such was the inheri tance left him by his fathers. Not bo with the Eroud, high-sonled southron. He once roamed is fields a free man. and sat " under his own vine and fig tree, and none dared make him afraid." HO was equltl, 11 uuh luv Dupviiur, ui iuc lut-iuiu- ary race which now dominates over him.'" And that the said article was calculated, and intended, to produce hostility to the Government of the United States, to excite discontent and to cause resistance to the constituted authorities. All this at Char lotte, N. C, on or about the 13th day of De cember, 1865. , FRANCIS E. WOLCOTT, , Major and Judge Advocate, , Department North- Carolina. It is said the President is preparing an answer to the resolution of Congress, inqui ring why Jeff. Davis has not been tried for treason. .'.-.- .:"" ' Tournaments, r Gen. Male, at Petersburg, issued orders on the 19th ult, quashing a tournament to be held on the 20th, because there was an agree ment that yankees were to be excluded. The general administered a sharp rebuke to the parties. -. ' ' Address of Gov. Worth to the People of j ' " Bforth-Caroiina. ..'"' STATE OF NORTH-CAROLINA, - Executive Department. " Raleigh N. C, Dec. 30th, 18G5. . To tlie People of North Carolina : : . I congratulate you on the discontinuance of the Provisional Government iu this State, by order of the President of the United States, and the restoration of Civil Govern ment. This announcement has diffused joy throughout the State. We are now under laws of our own enactment In the transition from military to civil government, happily for our country, our past history has furnished us with no prece dents to guide us, and hence you will not ex pect that the whole machinery of the newly organized government will be in perfect or der at the start ; but. in your joy at the re turn of the form 'of government to which you have been accustomed, I hope and be lieve all classes will strive to preserve order, the more lecause all officers necessary to en force the laws have not been appointed. The General Assembly will soon convene and finish up the work of reorganization. Under existing laws, it is believed, that the powers of all officers appointed nnder the authority of the, Provisional Government, ceased with the discontinuance of that Gov ernment Where clerks and sheriffs, elected in No vember last under the ordinance of the Con vention, have been qualified, they have pow er to execute the duties of their "offices. As no Justices of the Peace were appoint ed by the General Assembly, it may happen in some of the counties, that the net term of the County Courts cannot be legally held; but where such Courts shall be held or other, acts shall be done by such Provisional offi cers, their acts will probably bo validated by an act of the General Assembly. The Judges of the Supreme and Superior Courts will be qualified without delay, and will hold the Courts at the times prescribed ' by law ; and in the event of the commission of any high crime, upon proper information thereot, they will provide tor the apprehen sion or detention ot the onenders. In the incorporated town3, where the Mayor and 'other officers, were appointed by the Provisional Governor, these corporations can proceed, under their charter and corpor ate laws, to appoint others. In cases where" these elections cannot be promptly luld in strict conformity with such charters or laws, the election must be deferred for pro per legislation ; or irregular elections may be held in the expectation that such elections will be legalized. The ordinance ratified lSlh October last, provides that in nil cases of appointments made lv tlie-I'i-ovisionnl Governor, oi direc tors in any coqiomtion, they shall ccntinue until the regular election ot its officers. The ordinance of the Convention providing for the collection of Revenue, authorizes the Provisional Sheriffs to carry out the same. They derive their powere to collect these taxes from thi3 ordinance, and their office, as to this duty, is not determined by the termi nation of the Provisional Government In a short time all these irregularities will be remedied by the General Assembly; and in the meantime, I am sure, you w ill main tain the enviable reputation of our people as to tire observance of law and order, and prove how groundless is the calumny, that there are still among us persons who are disloyal to the Government of the Uuitcd States. We did not go voluntarily into the late calamitous rebellion. The action of co terminous States forced us to take sides in the strne. W e elected to go with, our sec tion; and having taken our position, we acted with good taith to our associates and bore ourselves gallantly in the tight. Being vanquished we submit as becomes a brave people. The President as commander-in- chief of the -military powers of the nation, magnanimously trusts us.- I lo not believe there is a citizen of the State, who is un worthy of this confidence. I confidently rely on j our cordial co-opcra- tion in remedying the irregularities which embarrass the bcrmnui! ot nrv administra tion. JONATHAN WORTH, Governor of North Carolina. GST" All Editors throughout the State will please insert one tunc. The Mails. The washing away of Neuse bridge, on the N. C. Kailroad, has temporarily deranged the running of the mails, and, conse quently, the arrival and departure of the mails, east of us. For the present, we understand, the accommodation trains, only, will run further east than Raleigh, aud will meet trains from Goldsboro' at the river, where a boat has been provided to set passengers and ba'rgugc over. Persons going cost from Raleigh will have to leave at 7 o'clock, p. m. We have no doubt the Company will re pairthc damages and resume the regular schedules of the trains, at the earliest practicable day. Our Sister City of Wilmington appears to be overrun as much as Raleigh has ever been by dis orderly persons. The Journal of the 28th ult, contains the following : "About half-past eleven o'clock lost nights party of the colored crew of the revenue cutter lying in the stream opposite the city, who had been on liberty during tne day, in possing a crowd ot police and citizens near tne Market, commenc ed tiring upon them, wounding t'apt. Hannon of the police, iu the hip. The rapid pistol reports brought several policemen to the spot, wheu the sailors ran to the toot of Market street and seized a boat from the ferryman, and pushed into the stream. J list as they were iu this act, they were fired upon by one of the police, but it is not known whether any injury was intiicted upon them or not They, however, made their escape to the Cutter, leaving one of their number in the river near the dock, who was cither wounded in the melee, or accidentally fell overboard from tho boat" A subsequent number of the Journal says the crew did not belong to the revanue cutter, but it is supposed belonged to another vessel in the service of the Coast Survey. Death of W. G. Sharpe, Esq. We learn with regret of the death of an esteemed friend, W. G. Sharpe, of Wilson, which took place sud denly on Thursday last, of inflammation of the liver. Mr. Sharpe was an honest and upright man, and a very useful citizen. His death is much de plored by a large circle of acquaintances. Job Work. We have our Job Office arrang ed complete, with new type and materials of all kinds, operated by skilful and accomplished printers, and are prepared to do, in the very neatest manner, and at fair prices, all manner of Book and Job Work, from a book as big as the Family Bible down to a simple hund-bilL In short, all manner of Job printing, plain or in colors, can now be performed at the Standard otflce, in a style unsurpassed, and we csk those wishing to get any kind of printing done, to come round and examine samples of our work, uud we Jiave no doubt we can give saticfaetiou in every respect. - The Masonic Fraternity of Wilmington turned out in considerable numbers on the 27th ult, the anniversary of St John, making a remarkably handsome appearance. The procession passed through several of the principal streets of the city to the City Hall, where tasy listened to a highly interesting address by Mr. York. Collision. A collision occurred in Wilming ton on the night before Christmas, between the police and some negro soldiers, which, however, resulted In nothing more serious than a knock down or two. The Herald complains of an ap parent disposition' on' the part of the colored troops, at that point to 6(Jt atdefiance the power of the municipal authorities, and suggests ' that the military authorities should be called upon to assist iu the preservation of law and order. ENTRIES OF VACANT LANDS. ; ", - Secretary's Officr, : - Raleigh, Dec 23, 1865. Governor : Will you please inform "mo whether or not I have the right, to iss-ia grants for entries' of vacant lands, and alio for Cherokee lands under the Provisional -. Government? I have several on hand, and I desire to net advisedly. '-,' i am, very respectfully, Your obedient servant ' . R. W. BEST, Secretary of State.' Wis Excellency, W. W. Houen, ' .. , Provisional Qotcrnrr. j. Raleigh, Dec. 22, 1803. To His Excellency, W. W. Hoiden, Proii- sional Governor : Sir : The letter of R. W. Best, Secretary of State has been received, and in rep'V .. I have to say that he has "the right to issnit -grants for entries' of vacant lands and al . for Cherokee lands under the Provision-1 Government." . - ' , . The Ordinance of the Convention ratitfr.l . the 18th day of October, 1865, confirms m ;.' the acts and doings of the civil officers . t the State, since the 20th day of May 18C.I, ' done or which may be done under aifd i.i virtue of any authority purporting to bo law of the State, which is consistent with ii -allegiance to the United States and with t!u-' Constitution of tho State. - - ' . And further declares all the acts and deei'n -of the Provisional Governor of the Stain appointed by the President of the Unite I States, and likewise all the acts of any oiH -ccr or agent by him appointed or under hia authority, done or which may be done in pur suance of the authority conferred on audi officer or agent, to be valid. I am, with great respect, SION H. ROGERS, Attorney General. LATE NEWS ITEMS. Trouble at Clarksvillr, Tennessee. . ClarksvUjLB, Tens., Dec. 28. A row oc curred here on Christmas day between soriO duruken negro soldiers and a party of citi ; zens. A policeman interfered and struck a negro soldier with his club, which the negre' resented, using his bayonet ; a crowd gather cd, and Mick Cumley, formerly a notorioii guerrilla, drew his revolver and fired tw shot at the soldiers, who then fired into tlu crowd. Two white men were seriously wounded, and one soldier slightly. Majot Burel, the agent of the Freediuen's Bureau promptly quelled the -disturbance, sending the soldiers to the fort, but they soon return cd in large force, and it threatened to lie n serious affair, but as Cumley had escaped out of town, things were soon quieted. All ' is now quiet, and no fears are entertained oi another difficulty. The First Trial for Illgh Treason. Tue Knoxville Whig, of December 29th. says : . , " An important trial came off last week in the Federal Court. J. E. Gamble, of Blount county, was arraigned and tried for high treason against the United States, and aftci five days' trial was acquitted by a jury. He was an enrolling officer during the days oi rebel rule, and enrolled the conscripts of his civil district He was also appointed agent to collect guns, and performed some acts un der that agency. " The defence was that there, was no guil ty intent It was admitted that he was an enrolling officer, and that he enrolled the conscripts of his district, but it was denied that he did so with the view of aiding the rebellion. On the other hand, it was insist ed by his counsel, O. P. Temple, that he was , a Union man, that be accepted the office by the persuasion of Union men, exercised it in such a way as to favor Union men and pro tect them,, and that, in fact, he never seized a single gun, or put a single conscript in the , rebel army. After the examination of about thirty witnesses, and lengthy arguments on behalf of the government by C. W. Hall, District Attorney of the United States, and O. P. Temple on behalf of the defendant,, the jury were charged by Judge Trigg, and who, after retiring and consulting, returned a verdict of not guilty. " This case was novel and important, be cause it was the first regular trial for treason against the United States, that had ever ta ken place in the State, and the first that has taken place in the United States since the commencement of the late rebellion, if not' for the last forty years. It was earnestly in sisted by the counsel of the defendant, that, . if he could be convicted, three hundred known Union men in East Tennessee, who had held this and similar offices, during the rebel rule, could likewise- be convicted of high treason, while the instigators and lead ers of the rebellion were sheltered and pro tected by amnesties and pardons. The de fence was based on the broad ground of not gcilty in intent an(l npt on technical points. The defendant refused to. apply for a pardon because he insisted that he was never guilty of any crime to be pardoned." Dead Letter Sale. The great sale of articles, accumulated through the year in the Dead Letter office was commenced on Saturday by Boteler, and has been continued, with, the liveliest kind of bidding, ever since.. Over half the im - mense catalogue is of articles of jewelry, largely of the "dollar" sort, but with sprink ling enough of the genuine to induce a live ly competition. Upwards of three hundred articles in the collection are packages of patent medicines, in the shape of pills, pow ders, onguents, oils, old school and new school allopathic, homtupathic, Thompso niun, eclectic, and alt sorts, for the relief of every malady known to man or woman. There are over one hundred and fitly gold (supposed to be) watches on the catalogue, and no end of silver watches. Also, an in describable medley of all the varieties of wares known to the civilization. Amongst the odd articles thus, passed through Uncle Sam's mails, finding their way to the DeacV Letter office, are sets of shoemakers' tools packages of type, ladies' wigs, bundles, of clothing, duplicate parts of sewing maehines, packages of felt hats, iron cogwheels (small,) ' lots of lamp-wicks, dress, elevators, false bo soms (ladies',) shoulder-straps pieces of a piano, lamp-burners, hundreds of military books, &c, &c. The proceeds from the sales will be deposited subject to the order of th owners, should any of them ever tarn up. WasJiington Star. " ' Lieutenant General Early, who was sent " whirling up the Valley" of the Shenandoah by Sheridan on one or two occasions, left Havana a few days ago for thecity of Mexico where many of his friends have taken up their abode. He says he "is not an applicant for pardon, and would not accept a pardon, from the President of the United States if gratuitously tendered me without conditions or restrictions of any kind." . He has nothing ' , ' to regret, except that his services .in aid " pf the rebellion wqre not of more avaiL 5 S'