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SPEECIf ;OF Mll, JOITRGEE,
DF.G CILFORB, . j
On the Jielief -Ordinance itrConiicntwn, Wed
' iiesduy January 2'Stft, 1868. . ' ,
"No man was more deeply pledged thnn liini
sell or liis colleague to the relief of the people.
Troin the events of the past seven years re
"' lief was "absolutely necessary. " The future
existence ,o the .State perhaps, depentlcd on
. the adoption of measures tor relief. 'He felt
'"bound to say to the Convention, that if nd-
: equate relief was not given, nothing but nn
archy awaited tis. The people will preferto
remain under military rnloof any kihd-of gov
ernment which will regard -their necessities.
"While lie jawifjiis". ia tould not refrain from
kl -Opposing .the ordinance nsieported. t Li'.the
lirst place it did i"t: touQh;. the matter in
.t1 huad, in anything like a comprehensive niiin
- , Btr., ...What -is ,relicf J.j Is. it u question be-
t , tvyeen the debtor and creditor, to he, decided
:L .fL.: - ' ;L'-d - nr.. . .
, in tayur mi iiiu one against me oiutr f 111:11
was not the relief to which' lie wits pledged. '
He was her? to give "relief to. all. He had ".
'Come here'tb do as his conscience jJLctated,
whether his constituents were satisfied or not. ;
8uppose every private debt Was wiped away,
n' "would, the people have relief? It would be
- kind of relief that -was the most dange
ions and fearful tyranny. ' It wonld not be .
the relief that the Convention could give a
n relief whiclt would buikl up runt North-Car- "
olina, in all her beautiful proportions. ..The
11 -North-Carolina which had gone before was :
.. . dead. V hat was a Stale? lie had asked
the gentleman from Washington to define a
State,aml, lie Jiad omitted, in. his reply one
J() of the essentials of State existence. A State
0 . of the American , Union is a portion of the
' territory of the United States, inhabited by
'"" citizens of the same, united in a body politic,
' known to, recognized by, and sustaining con
" ' stitutional relations with, the government of
the United States. - -""'
Mr. Jones of Washington interrupting.
1 My definition was authorized by the pre
sent position of -the State.-..:t-x: - , ;
JMt, Tourgee replied." I was entirely in-
" sufflcttntT" It Omitted the fact that a State
v' "must" be- a bndv-T)btifiii-in' constifiitional
"relation1 with," the-'- United 'States.- Now,
just so soon as the Confederate government
extended iti authority' over North-Carolina
c!. just so soon the State lost her political or
... ganizatiou and constitutional relations. The
-. citizens of North-Carolina became citizens of
a de facto government, inimical to the United
. States aud they were alien enemies. This
'condition of affairs held over, until the
passage of the reconstruction acts of March
2d, 1867, -Her. political brganiz:rtion was
V Sone Dt'1' constitutional relations were gone,
she' was dead.' It was" folly to say that "her
J functions were suspended. Gentlemen might
as well say the functions of a State could be
' -'snspended as that the heart life of a man
could he suspended. A State With functions '.
' -suspended, is a corpse with hmnan life sus
pended, nnd -old North-Cai olina was dead
.' . and hurried in the tomb of the Confederacy,
-.. whence not even the power of the recording
v. angel could recall the crumbling skeleton.
.. But on the 2nd day of March, 1 807. the initial
movement was made not to resurrect the
loathsome mass of decay from its tomb, bat
to build up a new State, a new North-Car-.
oliua upon broader and firmer foundations.
" With the passage of the first act of recon
struction began the organization of this new
State .And now this Convention, in his
opinion, was clothed with all those powers .
V necessary to accomplish that glorious work.
Like Louisiana, when admitted to the Union,
it had power over the future and the past.
He referred to Louisiana particularly. The -case
was parallel and pertinent. First the
territory ot Spain, next the conquered pro
ince of Franco, when her soil was purchased
hy the young Republic of America, it was
declared that unless her Convention rcnffiui-
ed all titles and contracts, which depended
for validity upon the sanction ot a foieign
government, that they would pass away, and
no Court of the land recognize them as bind
ing. That is now the condition of new
. North-Can liiia and the responsibility of this
Convention. The territory of North-C'aroli-
: ua has been recovered from the dominion of
a foreign power, the de facto government of
the Confederate States, and unless this Con
vention should declare all existing titles, con
tracts, debts, &c., valid, they too will pass
away and no Court of the land will be bound
to recognize them. This principle was ad
mitted when the States first entered the
Union, and again when the articles of Confed
eration were adopted.
Mr. Rodman That act referred to the
public debts contracted under the Confede-
ration, but not to private contracts.
Mr. Tourgee It also extended to private
"transactions which depended ou govern
mental sanction for validity. Now we are
' in an analogous condition, and the question
stands prominently before us, shall or shall
;? we not declare all contracts binding ?
)X.: But would relict ensue by wiping out pri
vate debts ? In his opinion it would not.
, He did not believe that such action, iy this
t. Convention would be equitable or just, for
the creditor has a claim which must be re
cognized and enforced so far as compatible
with the public interest.
Therefore, he held that the only pcrma
" lient relief which could be given to the peo
"r pie, was for the Convention to exercise its
0 power of eminent domain. While this pow-
er was clear, there was no authority on the
other band to discriminate between creditor
" and debtor, or to annul private - contracts,
,J. if the , were were compatible with the
' public interest. ' '
What relief then is capable of being har
. ; monized with this interest Suppose the
r Convention give relief to the debtor. Well,
vcredit was king in North Carolina before the
. war, and seventeen twentieths of the mod-
- erate livers of the 8tate had gathered a few
hundreds or thousands of dollars, which
was put in the hands of individuals or cor
porations on interest. It was growing Kt'.le
by little every year, so that when the winter
of age came on, the fire might be kept burn
ing on the hearth, and a supply of pro-
"Tisions in the smoke-house. In that in
stance relief leing given -to the debtor
who wonld be injured ? Would it be those
- who rolled in gilded chariots, or lolled on
.. velvet cushions, pampered by luxury and
: illed with pride who had . borrowed and
jt speculated and flourished upon the earnings
r .of tho.industrious Sued relief would strike
. .the best friends of Republican principles into
,. the dust forever. . The poor man and needy
jlebtor, wlio had been deceived by a false
t syitem.of credit ih'tQ . the pitfall, "would, be
"left to starve. , A just consideration' .of such
kind of relief, would cause every Jionest man
to recoil from it.. ".But H only displays the
difficulty of the mighty problem, with which
it is the fortune or misfortune of this Con
" mention to grapple; Yet there is one way
' through it a direct road and that is the
exercise of the right of eminent domain.
- 11 Stay-laws were' the sublime humbu" of
, the day. ' They were utterly and entirely in-
defensible. ' But it was said that a territory
v might make a stay-law. Well, suppose the
' North-Carolina Convention now adopts a
atay law, when she enters the Union, the law
- 1-viIV-dle, and the floodgates of collection be
I . opened. - ti 1 - : ttv !:.,..
i: - Again we heve a provisional government
0 now, acting umler sufferance and by grace
V merely, , No action had in this State by any
.t power since 1861, however constituted, has
i .any validity, which, is not recognized by
c the military authority. . No action can be
jiegsuzea wunoui gucu autbonty, according
to act of July,, anil these governments in the
South are provisional only, .We cannot go
1iftc1f. of-March 2rid."jBiit there is one meth
od1 of pW-vidinit- -reftcf for all classes. ' He
s opposed fegislation for one class" There are
Tut-twou-creditor and debtor and wheth
er food men or bad mea, they are inhabi-
ttinW of'l)rthT!a"fmuaan(rTOT6r tJevu rcH
garfted.mIt is the hlgheit dntjTof this Con
vention to provide for the protection, of all
citizens. It is "its duty to provide against
pauperism, and to use every fair me;:ns in
its power to do 60, - If no provision is put
in 'the." Constitution" to banish paupt-risni
from new North-Carolina, our borders may
enclose thousands and thousands of such
people, w ho are burdens to any community.
Why did he say this ? Because it is cheap
er for a man to feedtrirnself, than for the
State to do it. What then should be clone ?
LQlLhjeLpeople .homesteads?. Yes, give
tnein a liberal Homestead, retrospective in
its character. That will be relief of the
ruqst substantial and equitable-nature. Yet
the learned delegate rrotn Beaufoxt may con
sider this a legal Jieresy.
MrRdrjinaj-l agree with jpu.
Mr. Tourgc fam glad to hear it." I am
glad fit know tluit the gentleman admit the
principle -of retrospective homestead. In
Jdeed the' right is" clear. For the public in
terest, this Convention can provide a good
Bnd BUihcient exemption from all debts to
"prevent pauperism, educate the youth of the
country and support the laboring men of the
nation. J No one ' believed More religiously
in. the : payment of debts than he did.
..Though souie.of Ihejlihonorfible memhi'n
of the press had announced, him as a defaul
ter, fie paid all file debts that he could ami
would .continueto do" so. It is right for a
man to coin his life to discharge his honest
obligations. , There is an inviolable sanctity
about such contracts that demand the sncri
ficeof every good citizen to liquidate them.
But give the people a homestead, exempted
from all debts old and new, not transferable
unless by the permission of his wife and also
fasten it upon theminor children. This is
an enlightened' idea,' a principle which ho
hoped all would admit as cheerfully as the
delegate from Beaufort had done.
In the case of the West Bridge Company,
. J)ix antU others, there was a decision of
- the Supreme Court which bore directly upon
this subject. '. This company had been au
thorized and empowered to. build a bridge
ver a river, t ;It seemed that one of the abut
ments was constructed on one side of the
river, which was- private property. A suit
was brought against the company, on the
ground that the State could not give tin;
land to a private corporation. The defence
was argued by Daniel Webster, and the fol
lowing was a nortion of the decision in the
- i'-No State, it is declared, shall pass a law
im'p'airingtlie obligation of contract; yet,
with this concession, cpnstaatly .yielded, it
cannot be justly disputed, that in every po
litical, sovereign comunity there inheres
necessarily the right and the duty of gnat I
ing its own existence, and of protecting and
promoting the interests and welfare of the
community at large. This power and this
dutv are to be exerted not only in the high
est acts of sovereignty, and in the exten.nl
relations of governments; they reach and
ccmprelumd likewise the interior polity and
relations of social ife, which should be reg
ulated" with reference to'the advantage of the
whole society. This power, denominated the
eminent domain of the State, is, as its name
imports, paiamount to all private rights ves
ted under the government, and these hist
fare, by necessary implication, held in subor
! dination t.7 this power, and must yield in
' every instance to its proper exercise.
flie Constitution of the United State 5.
although adopted by the sovereign States of
; this Union, and proclaimed in its own lan
: guage to be the supreme law for their gov
ernment, can, by no rational interpretation,
be brought to conflict with this attribute in
the States ; there is no express delegation of
it by the Constitution ; and it would, imply
- an incredible fatuity in the States, to ascribe
to them the intention to relinquish the pow
er of self-government and self-preservation.
A correct view of this matter must demon
stratemoreover, that the right of eminent
-domain in government in no wise interferes
with the inviolability of contracts; that the
, 'most sanctimonious regard for the one is
perfectly consistent with the possession and
. exercise of the other.
Under every established government, the
teiiure of property is derived mediately or
. immediately from the sovereign power of -the
political body, organized in such mode
or exerted in such way as the community or
State may have thought proper to ordain.
It can rest on no other foundation, can have
no other guarantee."
Mr. Graham, of Orange. Ts not the de-
cision in that case, that the State can take
my property 1 But can the State take my
property and give it to another ?
Mr. Tourgee said that this question had
been' farther discussed in the celebrated
Wisconsin case, by Caleb Cushing ; but he
would read on from the present report:
" It is owing to these characteristics onlv,
in the original" nature of tenure, that appeals
l can be made to the laws cither for the pro-
Lcutiuii in awn iMiii 01 ine rignts 01 property.
Upon any other hypothesis, the law of prop
erty would be simply the law of force. Now
it is undeniable, that the investment of prop
erty in the cilzen by the government, wheth
er made for a pecuniary consideration or
founded on conditions of civil or political
duty, is a contract between the State, or the
government acting as its agent, and the
grantee; and both the parties thereto arc
bound in good faith to fulfil it. But into all
contracts, whether made between States and
individuals or between individuals only,
there enter Conditions which arise not out of
the literal terms of the contract itself; they
are-superinduced by the preexisting and
higher authority of the laws of nature, of na
tions, or of the community to which the par
ties belong ; they are always presumed, and
must be presumed, to be known and recog
nized by all, are binding upon all, and need
never, therefore, be carried into express stip
ulation, for this could add nothing to their
force. Every contract is made in subordina
tion to them, and must yield to their control,
asconditionsinherentand paramount, where
ever a necessity for their execution shall oc
cur. Such a condition is the right of emi
nent domain. ' This right does not operate
to impair the contract effected by it, but re
cognizes its obligation in the fullest extent,
claiming only the.' fulBlmcnt of an essential
and inseparable condition. Thus, in claini-
1 ing the resumption or qualification of an in
vestiture, it insists merely on the true nature
and character of the right invested. Tito
imparirig of contracts inhibited by the Con
stitution can scarcely, by the greatest vio-
-iiue ui construction, ue maae appitcaoie to
the cuforcingqf the terms or necessary im
port of a contract1; the- language and -meaning
of the inhibition were designed to em
brace proceedings attempting the interpola
tion of some new terra or condition foreign
to the original agreement, and therefore in
consistent with and violative thereof. It,
then, being clear that the power in question
not oeing within the purview of the restric
tion imposed by the tenth section of the first
article of the Constitution, it remains with
the States to the full extent in which it in
heres in every sovereign government, to be
exercised by them in that degree that shall
by them be deemed commensurate with pub
lic necessity. , So long as they shall steer
clear of the single predicament denounced bv
r the Constitution, shall avoid interference
with the obligation of contracts, the wis
dom, the modes, the policy, the hardship of
any exertion of . this power are subjects not
within the proper cognizance of this court.
This is, in truth; purely a -question of pow
er; and,-conceding the nower to reside in
Iptha-State-gntcrnmen thiajoncession would
seem to close the: door npon all further con
troversy in connection with it, The instan
ces of the exertion of this power, in some
mode" or other, from the very foundation of
civil government, have been so numerous
and familiar, that it seems somcwbnt-stiange.
at this clay, to raise a;'ddubtofnestioh
concerning it"- -. r , .
Mr. Tourgee. When1 property is taken
from an individual by the State and given
to a corporation, the tenure by which prop
erty is held is from the Stale;: anfl the;infer
est of the State is above all private interest.
Mr. Graham, of Orange. Property can be
taken by the State, when the owner is jorn
pensateu. ! - - j
Mr. Tourgee. Very well. In the Consti
tution we have the clear power to protect
any man from poverty, and keep aisufficient
amount of property in his hands to support
his tamily and educate his children. AH
outside of that must go tQ pay his just and
honest debts. And such a provision in the
Constitution of North-Carolina would strike
a fearlul blow at the landed aristocracy of
the State. Two-thirds of the 'lands of the
State are now in the hands of about fifteep
hundred persons, and most nil of thenare
greatly indebted. ' ' "' ' f '."
Now the ordinance under consideration is
entirely powerless to effect relief. The courts
of the provisional government are under the
control of the military authority. If we are
to make discriminations in favor of the
debtor, it can only be done by supplication
to Gen. Canby. .. . .- : - ---"
Mr. Rodman There is a resolution to
that effect, appended to this ordinanc&S
'"Mr. Tourgee I know that But instead
of asking him to administer our ordinance,
we had better ask him to exercise his own
powers. Besides the distinction against
debts since May, 1865, is unjust., General
orders now exempt twenty acres of land
from sale, whether worth two thousand dol
lars or twenty-five cents. When gentlemen
say there :s protection now, they, forget
that this exemption is not a protection to all
the people. The Court house door of Guil
ford is plastered with notices of sales of
land, for petty sums, because the, debts
which they owe do not come under the pro
tection of general orders. Many , of ihese
sales are tor debts since 1865, and most for
debts before the war. Since the. war, the
people went into business, mainly hpon the
faith of debts, which are now uncollectable.
One gentlemen of his acquaintance, had fif
teen thousand dollars of this character due
him, he went into business since the .war,
and is now likely to be sold out in less than
three weeks. His present debts were con
tracted since the war, but it is as manifestly
a debt of the war as if it had been contract
ed in 1803, and it is equally unjust to com
pel its payment. He hoped the Conveiitioi
would not permit a man to be beggared simp
ly because he went in debt since the war. r
No reason why they should not be as, well
protected as any others. The abstract char
acter of the contracts is the same. It is ?
duty to stay both until the homestead closfe
can be inserted in the Constitution. ' The
condition ot the people demands protection,
but he repeated that this ordinance Iqft them
out in the cold.. . If this Convention refuses
passage of a homestead law, it will fail to
discharge the highest dutv everdevolved on
any legislative body. Let us '.now" adopt a
substitute praying Gen. Canby to suspcmiall
stiles under thirty days alter, the. vote upon
the ratification of this Constitution.' Then
put a homestead provision in the Constitu
tion, and in his belief all the relief that was
necessary would be conferred.
Wednesday, Feb. 5th, 1838.
The Convention assembled at 10 o'clock
in the Commons Hall, Pres. Cowles in the
Pi ayer by the Rev. Mr. May, of the Con
vention. -. ... ..
Mr. Patrick presented a petition for a dir
vorce by some citizen of bis County. Refer
red. . " '" I
Leave of absence was granted to Mr. Ben
bow, on account of sickness.
Mr. Jones, of Washington, from the com
mittee on corporations other than municipal
reported unfavorably to an ordinance in re
lation to banks of issue in this State; also,
unfavorably to a resolution in relation to a
lien law that matter having been settled
Mr. Rich, a resolution that the committee
on finance negotiate a loan of $500 for con
tingent expenses. Rules, suspended, and
Mr. RoYlman, a resolution in favor , of Jas.
S. Snow, Sheriff of Halifax.
Mr. Sweet requested the recommitment of
the report ot the committee on the Legisla
ture, apportioning Commoners and Senators.
Agreed to. .' j
Mr. Forkner moved that the communica
tion of Gen. Canby, giving a statement of
election returns, be lei'erred to the commit
tee on privileges and elections. Agreed to.
On motion of Sir. Jones, of Caldwell, the
report of the committee on homesteads was
recommitted for revision.
Mr. Ellis desired to call up his resolution
memorializing Congress, when - .
Mr. King, of Lenoir, objected. ' y . ' '
Mr. Abbott announced that there would
be a meeting of the committee on finance,
at tho Treasurer's office, at 4 p nt., to con
sider a tax-law.
Mr. Ellis moved to suspend the rules and
take np bis resolution.
Mr. Tourgee said there was no authority
in the rules for suspension it had been done
illegally hitherto. . !-'
Mr. Ellis did not press his motion, when
THE BELIEF ORDINANCE, " '''
It being the unfinished business, anJI spe
cial order, was taken up. - . - : .;
The question was on the motion to post
pone the consideration of tho ordinance,
Mr. Tourgee said he was opposed to the
shoving ofl the consideration of the matter.
Mr. Hood said there, was no intention to
shove off the ordinance, but for one, he de
desired maturer consideration. . . - - .
Mr. Harris, of Wake, favored postpone
ment to consider the various reports. . No
property when sold now brought one-fourth
of its value. The class most needing relief
were the medium farmers of the country.
He had no desire to repudiate, but was bp
posed to taking the last farthing from a man.
He did not wish a dollar of the creditor lost,
but the debtor's property ought not to be
sacrificed. Let us protect the middle class
ot farmers, prevent the threatened paralysis
of industrial pursuits and for this reason lie
desired a matarer consideration of the ordinance.-
r y .fva
Mr. Tourgee said that every week there
were sales going on ana property sacrificed.
In order to stop this lie desired the passage
of the ordinance and adoption of his amend
Mr. Watts said relief, was his pet scheme.
He felt somewhat gloomy at the refijarks pf
the delegate from New Hanover, msdo yes
terday. If this relief ordinance - was post
poned, the Convention would'adjoflrn with
out action. He regretted that $here; were
efforts to stave it off in quarters least ex
pected. . .-, , .... " t
Mr. Hood withdrew the motion. . "1 , v
Mr. Rich said he was in .favor of relief
He, however, desired further reflection and
information. His - resolution calling! on
sheriff1 s for the truth in relation to the-num-ber
of executions and money 1 collected" there-;
on, should be answered and read, and the
Convention wonld be astounded. He moved
to postpone until Monday, 12 o'clock. , -u
Mr. Galloway said he didn't' desire the
delegate from Martin to place him in a false
position. He did desire to relieve the peo
ple, but not to do it illegally. ' He was op
posed to repudiation. '' i
Mr. Grant of Northampton said he did
hope, since so much had been said, that the
Convention would vote. Three fourths of
the farmers were in favor of relief ; and after
uch ttnatare Helibereficm, he. did insist npon
i-A-vote.,;! jil: v-i i,:.. ':!.:. .fih sV
;,.)Mr,.Jones,,.of Caldwell, chairman pfhel
1,' t tin 1-11 tit tlio (inmmiL I
""'tee would only report a prospective home
' stead.' He stated this in order to remove any
! impression. to tlie contrary., , ,i -. . 1
I,, ..Mr- Welker. said he hoped the, Convention
,. would not postpone. , .- ,-
' '.' Mr.' Rich called for the reading of such
- returns of the Sheriffs, as had been received,
ii.l ,'fbe Secretarv read a communication from
.,.R."'M, White,, Sheriff of Mecklenburg, sta
ting, that,. there ,wcre 620 executions ds
for bill's of cost the money to be collect-
"''edorithe whole amounting to $96.121,, of
..' which $47,871 were old debts, and $41,892
.-.new debts, while $3,858 were bills . of .cost.
'.Friqi J- Mann, Sheriff of Stanly, executions,
'exclusive of fifds, &c. 42 money to becol-B-'fecfl'
$17,291,' and this outside 'of what
"deputies have in hand. -. - , f t . t : . -
nil. Mr, Congleton objected to the postpone
ment. ., , ,
' Mr. May 'favored the postponement : te
" cause' he did not believe the Convention
-read v to decide. ' Because he thought a bet-
ter plan might be presented, he. hoped the .(
: motion would be agreed to. ,
Mr. Rodman said 'the Convention might
' now indicate its preference for some one of
the propositions before it. There was 110
propriety in postponement now.,'. , ..,
Mr. Grant of Northampton, aain urged a
. . vote on the:main question.
Mr. Heaton said he hoped the Conven-
1 Hon woufd not postpone. There was a well
..: settled sentiment in favor of relief, and
.;J though the ordinance of the Convention,
doubtless had objectionable features, never
theless, as it was temporary in its character,
he-would vote for it Besides, he under- :
. stood the ordinance to aim at tlie remedy
merely and not at the obligation. He would
vote lor the ordinance, but should any effort
-lJ be made" to incorporate its principle in the
7- fundamental law, m; would oppose it to ;
the encL,; r' ' - .: .' :.- i ,
..;.) The motion of Mr. Rich was lost. .....
. ,Mr. King, of Lenoir, opposed the ordi
' nance of the 'committee. " The learned gen-'
' tlemen had admitted it to bo a step towards
repudiation. The tracks all seem to go the
- sa'iue way. The .substitute of the .delegate
from Orange was better, but did not answer
"the purpose. If the proposition make a
J tenth payable annually were adopted, a man
"would have to pay lawyer's fees double the
. principle on a $60 debt, besides other fees.
This was called relief. Stay-laws from 1861
" to the present time had destroyed confidence
and' deprived the people nf their just rights.
" And if 1 this' Convention should stop the
vSheriffs, it ought not to 1 hinder, the Courts.
- It was impossible to tell when confidence
" would be restored, should this system of im-
' partial legislation continue.' 1 ' ' '"'
1 Mr. Abbott said he was reluctant to vote
for this measure, bntbad made up his mind
to do so. He would support the amendment
of Mr. Tourgee, and the ordinance of the
committee amended. '" "
" The substitute of Mr. Graham, of Orange,
- was now-read and put to a vote:, i ::?
: : Fob Baker, Barnes, Bradley, Ellis, Eppe?,
Glover, Graiinin, of Orange, Hare, Hodnett,
, Holloweli, Holt, Hynian, King, of Lenoir,
' Lennon, Marler, McCubbinsj Merrit, Sander-
Aqae?st Abbott, Andrews. Aydlotr.
i Blume, Bryan, Carey, Carter, Candler, Cher
ry, Chiilson, Colgrove, Consdeton, Cox,
' Dowd. Duckworth, Etheridge. Fisher, Frank
'. lin, French, of Rockingham, Fullings.Gaha
gan, George, Graham, of Montgomery, Grant,
of Wayne, Grant, of Northampton, Gully,
Gunter, Harris, otWake, Harris, of Frank-
' lin, Hay, Hayes, of Robeson, Heaton, High
1 smith, Hobbs, Hoffler.. Hood, Ing, Jones, of
Caldwell, Jones, of Washington, King, of
Lincoln, Lafiin, Lee, Legg, Logan. Long,
, Mann, May, Mayo, McDonald, of Chatham,
McDonald, ot Moore, Moore, Morton, Mulli
can, Murphy, Nance, Nowsom, Nicholson,
Patrick, Parker, Parks, Pctree, Peterson,
Pierson, Pool, Rngland, Ray, Read, Renfrow,
Rhodes, Rich,. Rodmau, Rose, Smith, Stil
we!!. Sweet, Taylor, Teaguc, Tourgee, Trog
den,! Tucker, Turner, ' Watts, Welkcr, Wil
liams, of Wake; 88 '' ' "
Mr. King f Lenoir, voted yea. with the in
tention of voting ag iinst the other proposi-
- tiona. . He had asked to be excused, but the
. house refused. . . , ,
Mr. Parker voted no,' because the ordi
nance afforded ho protection to the creditor.
Mr. Jones, of Washington, substitute to
refer the whole matter to Gen. Canby, was
. read and put to a vote :
Fon: Messrs. Baker, Barnes, Candler,
Cox, French, of Rockingham, Fullings, Glo
ver, Grant, of Wayne. Grant, of Northamp
ton, Hare, Harris, of Franklin, Hodnett,
Holloweli, Iiyniau, Ing, Jones, of Washing
ton, King, of Lincoln, Ling, of Lenoir, Mulli
can, Nicholson, Parker, Pool, Renfrow, Rose,
Tcague, Trogden, Williams, of Wake. :
Against : Messrs! Abbott, Andrews Ayd- ,
lott, Blume, Bradley, Bryan, Carey, Carter,
Chiilson, Congleton, Dickey, Dowd, Duck
worth, Ellis, Eppes, Etheridge, Forkner,
Franklin, French, of Bladen, Gahagan, Gal
loway, George, Graham, of Montgomery,
Gully, Gunter, Hayes, of. Robinson, Hayes,
of Halifax, Heaton, Hobbs, Hoffler, Jones, ot
Caidwell, Kinney Lafiin, Lee, Legg, Lennon,
Logan, Long, Mann, May, Mayo, Mailer, Mc
Cubbins, Merritt McDonald, of Cliafham,
McDonald, of Moore, Moore, Morton, Mur
phy, Nance, Newsom, Patrick, Parks, Peter
son, Piersoih RagtandV-Read, Rhodes, Rich,
Rodman, Sanderlin, Smith; Stilwell, Sweet,
Taylor, Tourgee, Tucker, Turner, Watts,
Yeas 27. " Nays 69. ' :
Mr. Ellis was excused from voting. - -
, The question now occurred on Mr. Tour
gee's amendment to stay final process on
all debts since May, 1865, except for labo
rer's wages and fraud.
Mr. T. said both the ordinance and amend
ment were for temporary purposes.
Mr. Heaton moved it be voted down. If
adopted, it would endanger public credit
It was similar to flie amendment offered the
other day ;' and believing there ' was alt the
temporary relief necessary conferred by the
ordinance of the committee, he would vote
'against the first and for the latter. '
n "Mh Tourgee said the amendment did not
' interfere 'with the' jurisdiction of the Courts,
dui was intended mereiy 10 tiA" buh-p. ,
j , ..Mr Abbott said tie would 1 vote for the
' amendment though he disliked to do so!
j it would.giv'c the people a breathing speli.
'-The distress 48 very great ; and while Jie dis-
aDbroved the whole matter, he saw no other
.finethod but to adopt the amendment and
ordinance.' , . , . T, ' .
"t . Mr. McDonald,., of Chatham,' moved Jo
strike out the exceptions in the original or
j, dinance, but. withdrew. . . - ... 1. r .....
'pi ' Mr. Heaton again stated his objections to
.,'tli'e. amendment, of Mr. Tourgee. ,. He. con
.. sidered itdaugerous. if adopted, to. the safe
ty of the ordinance. . " ,. ., , , ,-..' . I
, Mr. Jones, . of ,,Wash, also opposed the
. .amendment . &e said the amendment would
.take away the lien..of the creditor on the
f property of thex debtor, , It says , that final
t process had no .binding force. . It was sub
stantially the amendment of, Mr...Wlker.-
'it would certainly be- declarer) ayricoiistitu
tional, if new- debts should be stayed and the
lien set aside It was enormous, 'p ' '
. ' MiC AbWori'said he did not ' understand
-3 that Hem of -attachments woald be invalida
ted by the provision f this ordinance, only
2 until 30 days after tho next election.., ,77 j
Mr Tourgee. said, he yvvould obviate the
t objection.,.. I will say that sheriffs shall not
proceed to sell. ,'..,. - ... ..... , j . .,
Mr. Jones, of Wash, That is better, but.
he hoped it would not be adopted,, even aa
"mended.- 'It would drive capital out of the
State, and banish prosperity, ' --
Mr. Tourgfs..$aidt,tiaUte amendment diil
jytlwvali(la,te. liens,-. U wolcLnotj interfere
witu the jurisdiction 01 me" courts, pus
onrv! oreveh;8ales'.," ""!)i,la ;:" ;
" Mr. Poor-was'lipposeil W istay-laws. - He
sincerely trusted the Convention would; not
pass any ;,st,ay-law, appjying to debts since
May, '65. Tlle passage of , the amendment
AvOuld rommit the Cbnveritiori iii that policy.
! 1 Mr .Tailings said ' ho' tod was .Opposed to
all stay-lawsii There was noi protection, in
them, to. the honest creditor. ,p What would
binder the debtor .froin defrauding liis cred
itor?'' IT some "clause"' were put in prevent
ing th'at." he iiifght Vote ' for the ' ordiuaiieej
but asiitstood lie wonldwpi'oseit".B'ii ;
!;,,The votewis theridCiilleclj on ,tbe vncncl
men of Mr. Tqurgee, and, stopd as follows:
'For Messrs'.BIiime; Bradley,' Bryan, Car
ter; CaridlW,"1' ChilHoflPDickey,-- Frifklin,
George,' Graham,' mf vMontgomeryv' Gfilly,
Gunter, Hams, of Vakc, Ilay, HoffleR, Lee,
Logani Long, , Mann, May, Merritit, McDiin-.
aid. ' of Chatham, McD'onaJii'," of Moore,
Morton, MurphyrNancCi bwsom,1 Patrick,
Peterson, liagland, Smith, tourgee; Ttirner,
.Welker, Williams, of ;iVake r. ,, rf
-.. Against Mossrs. Aydlott, Baker, Barnes,
Cherry; Colgrov,e "Congleton, Cox, ' Dowd,
Duckworth, Eliis, EppCs, Etheridge, Fisher,
Forkner,,.'-French,'of!' Bladen;: French, 'of
iRockinghaiB-. FillingSi Galpigan-, Galloway,
Glover, Grant, ot Wayne, Grant,, ot JNortli
ampfon, Harris, pf FianjcIin.TraycsJ of Robe
son; f Hayes," bf' Halifax','' Heaton; Hobbs,
, Jot)ps, of Caldwell.,-! Jones,i :pf ,Yashington,
Kmg, of. Lincoln, King, ot Lenoir, Kinney,
Lafiin, Lee, Logan, May Marler,".McCub
bins, Mullicaft, Nicholson, Parker, Parks, -Petree,
Pierson, Pool, Ray, Read, Renfrow,
Rhodes, Rodman, Rose, Sanderlm;-.Stilwell,
Sweet,. Teague, Trogden, , Tucker, ,. Watts,
Williams,', of Sampson, Williamson. Yeas
27.'' Nays 69. ' " "' " ' ' '" " '
MK Kinjf, bf Lincoln; saRf the-same' cla
mor for relief which-was now mado, if .grat
ified, would lead, to repudiation. ; He hoped
the honest men'-of" the, Convention 'would
vote the ordinance, &c.'dovvn.' - , "' . i
1 ' Mr. Heaton favored a call of the house be
fore the vote was taken,: which; was. second
ed by Mr. Harris, ot. Wake.P(; rr. - -.5 j i
The roll was called and stood as follows;
' Present Messrs.' Abbott, Andrews, Ayd
lotr, Baker, Barnes, Bradley, Bryan, Carey,
Carter, Candler, Cherry; Chiilson,.-. Colgrove,
Congleton, Cox, Dickeyf.Dowd,.pwckworth,
Ellis, Eppes,. Etheridge; .Fisher, Forkner,
Franklin; Fronc!i: i.f Bladen," French,' of
Rockingham, 'Fullings; GalHgan,1 Galloway,
George,- Glover,' Graham; 'of Montgomery,
Grant, of Northampton, Gully, Gunter, Har
ris, of Wake, Harris, of Franklin,. Hay
Hayes, of Robeson, Hayes, of Halifax, Hea
ton, ' Highsmith, Hobbs,- Hodnett' Hoffler,
Holloweli,' Hood, iHyman;i Ing, -Jones," of
Caldwell, -Jones, of Washington, Kint,'-of
Lincoln, King, of Lenoir, .Kinney,, Lafflin,
Lee, Legg, Lennon, Log'an," , 'Mann, Mayo,
Marlei1, McCnbbms, Merritt, McDonald.' of
Chatham,'' Moord,i Mortbrr, 3Mullican.,: Mur
phy, Nance, Newsom,. Nicholson,;. Patrick,
Parker, Parks,. Petree, Peterson, Pierson,
Pool, Ragland, Ray, Read. Renfrow,Rhodes,
Rich, Rodman, Rose, Sanderlin, Smith;' Stil
well, Sweet, Taylor, Teague, Tourgee, Trog
den. Tucker, Turner. Watts, Wei ker, Wil
liams, of .Sampson, Williams, of Wake, and
Williamson. . . , . .
Absent. Messrs. Ashley Benbow.Blume,
Durham. Garland, Graham of Orange, Harej
Holt, Long' and Stilley. ' ; 1 '
' Mr. -Bradley said he was opposed to the
whole matter, it was a farce and a humbug.
Mr. Candler said he was opposed to legis
lation. - - - .
Mr. Ellis said he understood the whole
matter to be unconstitutional the Conven
tion had no right to deal with it. ...
Mr. Harris of Wake said he was in favor
of relief, but nnderstor.d this'ordinance and
amendment to le untinctured of repudiation.
. Mr. Hood said that under instructions he
would vote against anything impaling the
obligations of contracts. . .
Mr. McDonald of Chatham, said the Su
preme Court and not' this Convention had
the right to construe the Constitution.
Mr. Rich said he was sheriff of Pitt and
personally interested. He asked to be exeu
sed. ' ' '' -'" -'' '" '' '" -
Mr. Watts said he favored relief as much
as any man, but fearing this amendment
would jeopardize the ordinance ho voted no.
Mr. Williams of Sampson favored relief
but it was not in the power of the Conven
tion to impair the obligations of contracts.
The question recurred on Mr. Rodman's
amendment, when -
Mr. Pool offered an amendment, which,
was accepted and then stricken out by the
Mr. Jones, of Washington, said if passed.
this ordinance would make the law a farce.
A creditor, could incur the costs of a suit
and obtain judgment, but then would not
be!oermitted to move it at all. Executions in
North-Carolina control from the teste, when
issued and levy made, hot in this instance
no creditor will be permitted to move his
judgment after the costs of the suit are in
curred and it is obtained. Besides the debt
or could make arrangements to defraud him;
or the judgement becoming dormant some
other person sue : and 1 tlie last take precedence..-
Why did not the ordinance provide
for the perpetuation ot the lien ? Under its.
operations the law becomes a farce. And
this is done too under - the ry-of paupers
shylocks. . No man in the counties in which,
he practiced had been sold oat for old debts
He called attention to that fact also. . ,
Mr. Tourgee moved .to- lay the ordinance
on the table. '- .' -i
The yeas and nays were called for and the
vote stood, as follows : ( ;, ,
:.For,: Messrs. Andrews, Baker. Barnes j.
Blume, Candler, Cherrv, Congleton, Cox.
Dowd, Duckworth.' Ellis, Eppes, Franklin,.
French of Rockingham, FulliRs, Gahagan,.
Grahanvof Orange, Grant of Northampton,.
Gully, Hayes, of Uobeson, Hoitaett, Hoffler, .
Holloweli, Ing, Jones of Washington, King;
of Lenoir, Logan, Mny','Murlcr," Moore, Mulr
lican, Murphy, "Niclibison, Parker, Parks,.
Peterson,' Pool, Ray, Rhodes,- Rosej Teague.
, Toqrgee,, Welker, Williams of Wwke 44, 1
Against s-rMess'-s Abbotty Aydlott, Brad--ley,
Bryan, .Carter, ph,!lmvOlgrove, Etherv
idge, ' Fisher, Forkner " Gall&way, Garrett,.
George, ' Glover, Graha'iri "tT '-Montgomery,.
Grant bft Waynd, Gunter, ' Harris f" Wake;
'.Harris of Frankliu, Hayea-of Hitlifx,, Hea--
ton, 1 Highsmitji,: , Hoblis, Bnwl, Hyman, . -I,
Jones of Caldwell, King'of Iinchi, Kinney,. -taflin.1,Leei.'
:Lcm.: Lennrm1 LorM Marin j
Mayo'McCabhini, Merritt,''' McDonald of'
L Clmtliam;:: McDonald, npf -Tttoore, , Morton, .
, Narce,. Newsom, ., Petree, -Pierson, Ragland,.
Read. Rich, Rodman, Sanderlin, Smith, Stil
Vell, Sweet, Tavlor,'Tucker.Tarnr;' Watts..
. Wiiliamsan58.': '. ' ' i-i t
Mr. Welker said the ordinance now trader
consideiation didix-propose real relief.
He voted yea.,i..,Y . ?. 'rt ;utM v O 1
, ;,Mr,. KingofLjncoln offered a substitute'
that the Convention 'pfctition Cimgress for
a charig'eln tire bankrttiit' law' tft 'render it
iriore available andcheapeK Refewed; '
' - :Mrj King of Lenoir said he hoped the Con
ventip.n.fk'oujd. pay ;son(o regard, to ttterighta
tin" ! frpditnr . . . ...
Mr. Tourgee moved a substitute. Passed -over
.wrBJoaiiHifcifl ini'ii ii' -ivix-mf
f ' i .The bnstnat ordinance f the-committee. 1
Jurtaujend.ed:WB4ladpptedjyi thp flowing
e: T,.,..,, ;
Fob. Messrs. Abbott, Aydlott, ' Barnes,
Blume. Brad lev. TifVffn. "narev f!nltrrnv:
I -"E theridgei Fisher-, Forkner, Ftnklin,Fre'nch,
J; of Bladen, -Galloway,r George,, Graham, of
Montgomery, Grant, ot Wayne. Gully, Gun-
ter, Parris.of Wake, Harris," of FrankliD;
Heaton, Highsinith,' "Hobbs, Jones, of Cald
' well, Kinney," Legg; .LennoB, Long,;j Mann,
iMayp, Marler, rMcCalibna,, .Merrit McPonj
aid. of ChathamMcPonald ofMoore. Moore.
Morton. Mullican, Nancei Newsom. .Patrick.
Pierson, , Ragland, Read, Rich,, Rodman,
Smith,. Stil,w,ell,wee Taylor, Tucker, Tur
ner, Watte, Williams, pf Sampson, Williain-
son . -. .... 1, I
AoAPStST-Messrai Andrews, Baker, Cand
ler, Cherry,, tjongieton, ; uowm, ijucawortn,
Ellis, Eppcs, Frehch, of .Rockingham, Ful
lings, pahagan, Glover, Grant, of Northamp
ton, Hayes, pf Robeson Hayes, of, Ilalifaxi,
Hoffler,', HoIIovvell, ,,-Hqqd, , Hyman,, Jng,
Jmies, pf Vashing)on,.King, of Lenoir, Lev,
Logan, May, -Murphy, .Nicholson; Parker,
Parks, , ..Peterson. Ppol, , RayltRenfrow,
Rhodes,'. Rosp,' . Teague,, Trogden, .Welker,
Williahis of wake,, iy'fi.)i 'i :.-.
!..- Ay.?? i8wto--. i t.
... . Mf. Tourgey asked to be excused from- vc-
ib,;j..!V,.', .i.iir.-v.,.,,' 1 . ,
Mr. COK, also. ,j ,,- t
;) Mr. Forkner said 1)0 ,,W88 opposed to the
principle, of the.prdipance, but the Conven
tion seem'ecldisposec a. grant relief, and re
quest the General.to enforce the ordinance
he, therefore, yotocl yea.-,, , , '
Mr. Harris, of Wake not up tohisideaof
V relicf,'.bnt lie voted yea.,
Mr. McDonald, ot Chathnin, the same., ;
" Mr. Heaton said the ..nieasnre was tepipo-
rary he voted yea,,,ljut) would oppose the
incorporation ot any such, provision as, indi
cated in the Constitution. '
1 :Mr. Parker said there was no provision for
the protection of the creditor-r-he voted no.
Mr.. Welker said tne operation ot .the bill
was unjust' '.',",-,- "...
''Mr. Abbott ahriouneed that if delegates
presented their checks, at the First National
Baiik, they would be cashed.-.
Mr; Lafiin said he had been requested to
ask the use of this' hall for the Conservative
Convention this evening. ' He hoped no one
wpuld object, .f so they might remember
the -Scriptural ' passage-:" Blessed are' ye,
ivhert men persecute and Jevila yoti, nwluy
ell manner of. e.yil against you." ,,,
Oh' motion pf .Mjt Turner tlie request was
''Air. iieatfnu;aiicl,tip the hrst article, of
the Constitution, on the Executive depart
ment'' when ' '
;-i.The first section wn9 read as reported from
the committee of the whole...
Mr. Heatori moved to strike out "two"
and make the term of Governor 'and other
officers three years.i i ,;.;. i. -. f
Mr. Watts said he had favored four years
years in committee, bnt thought it better
now, adhere to the report. . . .. -y (
' Mr. Jones, of Washington, began to speak
on this question, but yielded to a motion
to adjourn, retaining the floor when again
The Convention then adjourned: ; ' ,'
1. '. From Washington. i v-i
! , Washington, Feb. 5th. The President and
Mr. Stanton have had neither written or person
al conversation since the 12th Angust last.
The President's letter to Gen. Grant,"of 'Janu
ary 31st contains thfs paragraph:'. "You bad
found in our first. .conference tlLat 'the- Presi
dent was desirous of keeping Mr. Stanton cut of
office, whether sustained inhissu'spehsidu or not
Yon know what Induced the President to ask
from you a promise. Yu also knew that in case
your views of duty did . not accord with his own
convictions, it was his purpose to fill your place
by another appointment ' Even ignoring the ex
istence of a positive understanding between us,
these conclusions were plainly : deducible from
our various conversations. It is certain, how
ever, that- even under these circumstances you
did not offer to return the place to my possession
but according to your town Etntmeots placed
yourself in a position when, could I have antici
pated yonr action, I would have been compelled
to ask of you, as I was compelled to ask of yonr
predecessor in the War Department a letter of
resignation, or else to resort to the more disa
greeable expedient of suspending you by ap
pointing a successor."' '
Gen. Grant's letter of Feb. 3d, alluding to the
President's letter of Janj 31st, and newspapcrar
ticles, says : "I find it only to be bnt a reitera
tion, only somewhat more in detail, of tbe many
and gross misrepresentations contained in' these
articles, an j which my statement of tlie facts set
forth in my letter of the 28ih ult, was intended
to correct And here I re-assert the correctness
of my statements in that letter, anything in yours
in reply to it to the contrary notwithstanding."
Washinotok, Feb: "5. The bill forfeiting
Southern railroad lands after being amended to
except Nashville and Decatna road was passed.
Yens 86 nays 73. The bill declares forfeited to
the U. S. all public lands granted in 1856 in Al
abama, Louisiana, Mississippi end Florida to aid
in constructing railroads and declares such land
open to homestead entry and Battlement nnder
the law of 1850. .
The rights of American citizens abroad, again
under discussion. ' i t ' i; ; '. :
A joint resolution was passed authorizing: the
Secretary of War to employ a counsel to ' defend
Grant, Ruger and other officers and persons em
barrassed in. the enforcement of the reconstruc
tion acts against any suit or proceeding in any
court in- regard to official acts. House adjourned.
Senate resolution authorizing the Secretary of
"War to employ a counsel to defend the recon
struction officials passed. , . ,
Reconstruction resumed. Bill forfeiting South
ern railroad lands referred to committee on pub
lic lands, and then adjourned.. (,-. ...:!:
President nominated T. W. Scott, of Tennessee
to Matatnoras. " ,".':"
Eleven, more set speeches on reconstruction
to-day. "" 7"T
First mortgage bonds of the Union Pacific K.
R., advanced from 95e to par.1 ' ' ' '" " '"-
The reconstruction- committee will report fav
orably on. the bill removing .disabilities incurred
nnder the Howard amendment, , -i ..,,,
The correspondence between the President and
Gen. Gmnt discussed action deferred. Senate
confirmed fiideon H. Hollistcrot Connecticut.
Minister, ami Cossiil-Oeneral tdQaytt.
ReveaaotO'day.li.139,000.. ).. . a i .1 j
, Gen. Howard has issued a circular that officers
nnder rank of Magor muster.ed out .but retained
in the Bureau,. be paid $150 per monitiu
. Charmston, Feb. 6. The bill of rights was
read for the first time in Convention to-day. Its
Bttffrage provisions are ; liberal and without qual
ifications. The judiciary with few exceptions is
elected Sy, the people for terms varying fros one
to four years., , The Constitution; provides tora
school system with compulsory: attendance for
twenty-rive months for all. children between ft
and .10. Reformatory schools and agricnlturaH
college to be established. " All schools and col
leges supported' by public funds and open to alt
"" ' "' 1 From Atian'ta. '
- - t .''.
Atlhta, Fob. 5. Convention passed the re
lief clause to, day yeas 83 nays 45. '"' It denies jo-
risdictioa to the Courts over all debts contract
ed prion to the surrender but leaves- it -discre
tionary with a majority of Ihe Legislature to, con
fer jurisdiction in all cases exeeW as to the pur
chase" of ) slaves:! : Rilcbardsoti,' member.'iof tbe
Convoation, who; was-ahot by Tormonyj on: ,the
third inst)., it is thought bv his phvsicians will
hot recover; The ball passed' througU'the
wm nr. i-ni jcx(i
)i Id ji.I
. FroniMononierf ;a"jilJi)
! ( . Mos'SGdiiEBT.'FebTStE.lOO votes polled tci
? ' Aa.fi ''The election' pVo'greksing qnleHy.
Lossdw.Ecbruary 5.'-yohri Bright pleaded tbe
"wrongs of Ireland at Birmingham" medin j.'
T.nndcw ercnina consols SSf' Roniln Tti. T.ivtrt
pool, vening, cotton closed firm 'sales 15,000.
Uplands 7(g.7, to arrive Q? .Orleans 8-8.
nga a.aiett' Naval toa-ololett' - "' w
OBvention w'ednesdav Dasrii.-i; .
rawing Ordinance, the result of much "
went acnoeration by that body. It j8
ordinance on the subject heretofore repurtc'j
by Mr. Rodman. - .f? s t - '
An Ordinance Respecting thj Joridi
tion of the Coarts of this State. C"
aecTtox .JBs ilordtUud bj the
Xorth-Carolina i Convention, attenibled, That
court oflaw or equity or this State shaU Uv
jurisdiction pfany snitoractlon founded on
contract made prioa to; the , first daj-of Mot
1805k(except actions against public officers, tie!
colors administrators, gaard'nins, trnsteej'
otbertf acting hH-fiduciary up.city, and 'their
sureties -faFreacti of theiTespectivc duties bv
the appropriation to theirowu use ol mon,.' .
Ipropertyofflyallyreceived by them or oil,,.
fraudulent act,) or aDy action or process to rc
vivo or enforce any ju&'mcnt heretofore recov"
ered on any contract whether such action
nowpendi9g,.qF ghali, .be commenced hereafter
and wh4heaucU,proceSSha6 been already isMU'd
orshaUhereafu-rbe sued for; and the 81crifla
coronensnd constables of this State, UavinKin
hdr hands any final proce6,
judgment founded on any such causu of action
are hereby coounauded to stay all proceeding
upon the same, and return the same to the
Sec. 2. This ordinance shail be in force from
and after its ratification by this Convention, and
shall continue in forcu until the first day of July,
180S, or until the Constitution, which this Con
vention has met to adopt shall go luto effect
whichever shall first happen. . . '
ifcsoftwi, That a' copy of the foregoing ordi
nance be sent to Maj. Gen. Canby, Command
ing, Ac., and that he be respectfully requested to
cause the same to be enforced.
i ) " Notice Wayne Connty.
i Tho Republicans of , Wayne County arc rc
qneetcd to meet at Goldshoro' on Saturday, Feb
ruary 8th, for the purpose of electing delegates
to the Republican State Nominating Convention,
to be held in the city of Raleigh, on the 20tl!
day of February, 1808. ' . -
By order of the . .-. . -
- COUNTY EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.
XoticeFonrth Congressional District.
3 Notice is hereby given that a Convention of
the Republicans of the 4th District will beheld
at Raleigh, on Weduesday tbe 2th of February
to nominate a candidate for Congress.
- " W: W. HOLDER. 1
- -..:.'." EUGENE GR1SSOM. I Committee.
... , JAMES H. HARRIS, j ,
NoticeSixth Congressional District.
The Republican Nominating Convention, for
Congress, will meet at Salisbury on the Sd day of
W. R. MYERS, ' )
'Win ; - C.J. COWLES, i-Committee
, , W, J. WILLIAMS, j
Republican Meeting in "Wake Connty.
: A meeting of the Republicans of Wake Couuty
will be held in tbe Court House, in Raleigh, on
Saturday, the 2d of February, to appoint dele
gates to the Republican State Convention and the
Congressional District Convention, to he held in
Raleigh on tbe 2Gth. A lull attendance is re
quested. JOS. W. HOLDEN,
T. L. BANKS, ;
MOSES PATTERSON, ,
. , Committee
February 4, 1868. 84 td.
KALE 1G II NATIONAL BANK
. ; board or directors:
R.W.PoxLiAM,,i-ii'.; Geo. W. Swepson,
W; H. Willabi, ' "W. J. Hawkins,
: ' ' 1 A. S. Mekbiuon.
W. B. Gclick, Cashier. C. J. Ibedei.l, Teller.
DEALS IN EXCHANGE," SIGHT DRAFTS,
Gold and Silver Coin, and Government and
Uncurrunt Bank Notes' bonght at liighfft
prices.. Packages sent by Express will be remit
ted for promptly iu currency, or in New York
funds at par. , 1 j;... ; -,.!..
Pkicr Cubrknt, Jascakt 15, 1808:
Bank or Cape Fear.. .........'..... 25
" Charlotte , 28
" Clarendon s
" . Commerce 18
" .. Fayetteville U
i,exiugton (out). l
. (new) 10
Lexington, payable at Graham,... 24
., North-Carolina(..........; 65
;' ' Thomasville 6.r
. WadcshoroV 25
Commercial Bank of Wilmington 2.r
Fanner's Bank of North-Carolina, (old,).... 27
Greensboro Mutnal Insnranee Comuauv... ;
Merchants' Bank of Newbern fi3
Miners' and Planters' Bank ; S
January 30, 18G8.
HOUSE OF '
JAY COOKE & CO.
. , ' No. 20 WAIL STEEZT
Corner of Xassai Street, AEU' YORK.
We buy and sell at the most liberal' current
pi Ices, and keep on hand a full supply of- GOV
ERNMENT BONDS OV ALL ISSUES, SEVEN
THIRTIES, AND COMPOUND INTEREST
NOTES, aud execute orders for purchase anil
sale of STOCKS, BONDS and GOLD.
; i '.' CONVERSIONS.
We convert tb several issues ol Sevxi-Tiub-
ties at tlie most favorable market rates into
Fivi-TwEKKES, which, at present price of gold.
yield the bolder about one per cent.' more inter
est per annum. Circulars with lull particulars
furnished upon application. ' :
,,, JAY. COOKE A CO.
May , 1867. . . 20 tw&wly.
OSHCA trHDLET. S J. T. riWDLET.
-'' -1 -SEW CARDE SniSERIES.
rrHE OLD PIONEER NURSERYMAN I&
J. once more before the public, witli
ii TlMisand Frnlt Trees and Crape Vines,
Winter and Spring Sale of 1868. Our 8tock
uas ueeu nilSCU mice tne lew, nu. je jruun ui'"
thrifty.- Penoas wishing to plant Orchards will
do well to- eire as a rail, as the Senior Proprietor
bas over 4ft years experience in the buernce!, and
knows wiiat t cultivate 10 sun me country ami
-please the people. Prices to suit the tunes.
Send, lor tJircniarconiaiuna; rnce 11st, ccc.
Nnraeriea located 5 miles west of Greensboro.
Address . - Jl LINDLEY & -SON,
New Garden, Gqilrord County, M. (J.
January 9, IStiS.
Ratkie tK. lUwfattnrfrs of BWIIIfd Spirits.
THE UNDERSIGNED HAVING BEEN
apointed eiieral inretor ot Distilled
Spirits for the 4th Colletian District N. C. here
by notifies parties jnanufuotuiing Spirits that he
is prepared to Inspect and brand same upca. ay
plieatioib Addresa "-i " 1
i 'rKjTt''1 i"" i..i'.v"D. H, GRAVES, ;
, , General Inspector Distilled Spirits
?I ,tv"l ''! ' rSr the 4th District, N. C.
n Selma, N. XJ:. JanBary 28, 186A . . 4 wlm.
: - l ;
"pLOUB 1 FLOUBI , .
' toewt Point "Family, : "
North Carolina do in sacks and bids.,
on band and arriving dailv. , . ,
- - 76-tf.