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The Democratic sentinel and Harrison County farmer. [volume] (Cadiz, Ohio) 1851-1852, July 02, 1851, Image 2

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aitirated Jes or l I think that
&0 farmer mho cm) go on and farm, filing
us work him?lf, will make money ft,
I will now give you a list of wjust prices,
.nitric jrogcea 1$0 te 0Q. IB'urk oxen
J 50 t t200. Americas rows 50 to 75-i
Wheat 1.60 1 S. OaWl. Potatoes last
winter, in the country, frn 2 to t3, in Ore
gon & fi W 86. JJuttcr hai wiotur ill Or.
gonaitytj, cheese tj, foJ tl, eggitl.
J-umlx t F,qrt!a4 nd fctilwaukee last
jwinW WW per thousand. These pla
ces re fctlow Oregon City, where there is
araUT sufficient for shipping. It is down in
rriae at these places now, and in the country
pow At the mills.it js only wortn tJ5 pe
Ihousaad.
y on hay beard enslderab1e I expcet
bout the salmon in our territory, and I will
iv that a, touch as I go. along. They are
wey plenty in the spring and forepart of the
umraeT in in an y p arts About Oregon Ci
ty in die Viljajneite, tjiey are very scaree
Ijieyfajit get over the great alls theio, I
do not lite thorn bt a great many do,
J will flow tell you the kind of animals
j&ajt inhabit pur territory. The grizly hear;
itgeneraljf stofsiaekia the mountains, J
fiey.er seen but one, and that was Id Califor-
'iiia. They we tlie master beast of the for
est The black bear is tolerably plenty.
yVt haye a.lso elks, serge panthers, caugers
'fifii ats. The big grey wolf, it does
jronsidcrabls of damage; the small prairie
wolf, the deer, the red and black talk). We
fcavh a grey sijaifrei here, which burrows in
the earth ; they arc getting very numerous,
jind are also very industrious. They lay up
jarge winter stores, and are seldom seen jn
the water. I am afraid tiu-y ill da considr
arable damage. Crows are plenty. The
fiawk and owl are here. Grouse are here
in the summer, but in winter they retire to
he jROBntajns. yjg have also the sand-hill
rane, the goose, swan, dwrk, and many
vjtitef animals of the feathered tribe. There
js very little thunder here, summer or win
ter, and that js a good sign that tlie atmos
phere is pure and healthy.
The nowy wuntains can fie seen on tho
Scnliiul & JTcmncr.
The VndgS begrfjie Forgiveness. V THrougn vne pouteness o. our menu. uaiOXJeeuouAuuii
We tsar be pardoned says the Statesman "' " " ,! ine o"o'"g .
. ... K i Ha inTvunMnAnlfl At thA nrPirilPri ill .t(t..; .
It will be seen in some
Dc.nocu.icr.
. , .1 T t , t . t. f ... i i n f . . .
fur alluding occasionally to seeslleetions of i'r , -.7v ,.l'T " T T. H . T 'the political bands which haVe connected
flie recent canvass on uie greai quesuou ut -
ConsUtuUonal Reform. It is an evident Jaci o
that we have a New Constitution. About
this New Constitution there has been much i
diversity of opinion, and the whig are yet
boasting of their opposition to its adoption,
ALLUN &. G1LKS, KDITOlW.
tMUl', OIIIO:
tVEDNESDAY MORN ISO JULY 3.
151
AGEi'TS iOK TDK OK.V'X:K4TIC KKN
ITIaiEL t . KMEIt.'
B MouN.Ka..i dulr nutliorixsd to recrive
nbacripliona. ndvrrtiiviuriila. etc.iii the cily iif
WlMjtliiijt. tor mo JH-nnnei ol rarnif . aiicuh
irncu made b liim will be fuUlifnily perlornied,
E. V. C. V. 0. ri.K, ml U, FiuaciMire
our rrftilur nutlioriieil nirrntt in rhiliKlvliuiia
ti rrrrifa uii;riwiiier.i. ctn tor the .V'nuncl
Tiiftiiott THowrsor .of StBtibcnville, iionraii-
ihorizctl iieuut lit tlmt place, for tlie bcntiiiel 4
rnrrapr.
J. II. K.TK.of iho Piilfbureli Disnntch.nnnr
niithoriiKil njeiit nl tlmt plucr, lor the Sentinel
.V. rnriunr.
m
(KrTlioff iiidt'bieil to Ihi- "CADIZ SENTI
RI,." for Volume lJ ami 17. will Willi' thru
icionms with riihnr of ihi' nrps8iit editoi of ihi
Spiitinel. or Air. M.M. Hurilrjpn. ami NONE
OTIIKU. THUS. U JEWETT.
ipM-if Trustee.
American Sunday School Union.
G. Seymour, of Jefferson in this county,
agent for the American Sunday School Union
has lately returned from an Eastern tour,
bring with him a large supply of the publi
cations of the society, and is now fully prepa
red to supply Sunday schools on the most
liberal terms, A catalogue may be seem at
tliis oftlce, also specimens of the S. S. Jour
nal, and Youths' Penny Gazette
When tho New Constitution shall
take Effect How it shall be
get in Operation Its effects up
on existing Laws.
The New Constitution is unquestionably
adopted, and we have thought it proper to
li-i .i.., i
finttpst. uimmr Azv. There mounts P"1'11"'1 ' pruwsuniB on mp .ujutc F""'
Wnod. Jefferson and Helanv. which may be L The 0d section of schedule provides
Declaration of Independence.
When, in tlie course of human events,
becomes naoessarv for one jieyplo to dissolve
and continuing their denunciation of its pro
visions and principles. They stfll expres
their regret on account of its adoption, and burn,
fUttburgh DittrictC. Coon, P. E.
Pittsburgh,
Liberty street E. Birkett.
Smithiield street H. J. Clarke.
Wesley chapel F. De Hass.
Asbury chapel R. J. White.
Welsh mission -to be supplied.
East Liberty M, L. Weekly, W. P. Black-
mnA KM Kann ihn Knttoafr sun 1 tilflt.
1'This Constitution shall take effect on the
first day of September, one thousand eight
They ace averd with perpetual snow, and1
aam h. nnnn JVnv, almact onl nun At I 1 VP I rvin . '. . 4.
.v... ...... j r huntlreti HtKl httv-onc.
xiypt the lowest situations, This country j n The j ?th sl,ction Qf te Schedule pro
is one of the best to sleep in in the summer yides tms as t(J the return of votes on tiie
tim &t J em seen. The nights are short question 0f ratification; as to the publication,
jind pool, and a person can slpep pleasapt a)jd t)(j of t)ie Governor thereupon:
Under a good blanket or comfort. j n T))e forejj0;ng Constitution
Perhaps JQ Will say by this time that gjj submitti'd to the electors of the State
I eannfit have any objection, or find any fault at an election to bo ln;ld an the third Tues
tbthe elinmteorsoii; or have anything day of June, one thousand eight hundred
, v t , , and fifty-one, in the severaUdeetiqn districts
against tho territory? Now I w.ll state &5&M
W(m flhjwtions : e have a weed called Rj writtcn or printed as follows; New
f erren, wluch is wpr a great part 01 me icr. Constitution, cs ;" tjae against hip von
T, rmwufnim Mr innlipa tn siy fi-et stitutiun. No." The noils at sijch election
. . " ,! ... j shall be opened between the hours of eight
fUMvm p.CCB .u ? h o'clock. A. M., and closed atCo'elock,
icmp grow. I thuilt it wt(I be almost irp- P M . ftn(i tu.saij .-leclion shall be conduct-
po?sible to kill it, Anolher objection is the ej( anj the returns thereof made .and certiJ
Hrr season, which continues sq Jppg that for tied to the Secretary othtatp, as provided by
inoflths we do not see a cloud.. 1 he wet
ason also continues too long, ,and by far
declare their belief that notwithstanding the
majority in iU favor of sixteen thousand votes,
the people are austaken, and that under it
operation the interests ot the State will be
thrown into stagnation ; that instead also ti
ring a well regulated progress by the develop
ment of popular power over public affairs,
tlie concerns of the State will all go at loose
ends, and lead to the alternative of general
ruin, or the utter abrogation of th new Fun
damental La. Such are the prognostics,
such the doctrines, and such the position of
the whig party upon this question. When
the whigs of Ohio voted ngainst the New
Constitution, they vvted against it all. Tlw
leading, most desired and most important
principle of the New Constitution is the eh-o
tion of All Officers by the people. We know
that some whigs profess to be in favor of this
principle ; but did they not vdlp against it?
And if they be in favor of and assign to it,
the vital importance ascribed to it by its real
friends and suporters, how can they justify
themselves for trying to vote it down? They
assured the people in the late canvass that
we needed no Constitutional reform, that al'
we needed could be effected by municipal
legislation under the Old Constitution. But
they knew at the same time, that the exten
sion of popular suffrage, effeciedby the New
Constitution, could not be approached under
the Old. They then stood on such ground
as would have rendered any interposition
with the question looking to the increased
liability pf the new order of things, wholly
mpossiblc; and voting against the whole in
strument of reform, any profession of favor
toward the election of J udges by the people
is necessarily and obviously false! No other
cqnclusiqn is possible,' both the preaching
and practising of the whigs tending resistjess
ly to it.
What reasons do the opponents of this
principle of complete and universal control
by the people over all officers, urge against
it? Tho leading one is their imputation of
the incapacity of the people to select the best
men. It nas Deen oura snort, lime compar
tively, since the Whig central organ of Ohio
Under abler and more responsible men far
than now hold its rudder, hesitated not to
declare their want of perfect confidence in
the capacity of the people fqr self-government.
And such indeed, were some of tho
law for annual elections of State and Coun
ty officers. Within twenty days after such
i.litim-flw MiTi-ftiirv of State shall open
.. ,1 j.-- - . .
loo islndjf to suit me. it generally com- the returns there?.!' in the presence of the Gov
jnence.s
part
Braddocksfield H. Miller.
McKccsport W. F. Lauck.
Elizabeth J. L. Deans.
West Newton J. Manse 1, J. M. Rankin.
Monongahela City C. Foster.
llunter editor of tho P. C. Advocate,
J. L. Read agent for Book Concern.
Uuionioum District Z. II. Coston, P. E.
Uniontown J. Montgomery.
Brownsville M- P. Jimeson.
Bridgeport P. M'Gowan.
Fayette Springs mission J. Green.
Addison J. Ensley.
Centerville J. Beckam.
Redstone S. Wakefield, J, Peaves.
Cookstown and Belvcrnon P. F. Jones.
Fayette W. D- Lemmon,
Greensboro J. Pershin,
Mt. Morris R. Laughlln.
Carmichaeltown W. Long, H. Montgom
ery.
YWieeling District T. M. IIcdson, P. E.
Wheeling,
Fourth Street station W. Cox.
North Wheeling C. D. Battelle.
Chapli.ie street W. Kcnney.
South Wheeling J. Prummond.
Short Creek and Liberty W. Somers.
Wellsburgh II. Snider, J. T. W. Auld.
' Washington F. Moore.
Bealisville J. G. Sansom. G. A- Lowman.
Waynesburgh J. White, J. D. Turner.
Claysville C. Morrison.
Triadelphia J. L. Irwin,
Elizabethtown W. Lynch.
Grave Creek L. Janney, G. Jones, Supt.
Cannonsburgh A. Jackson, ft. Cunning
ham, Jiartmville District G. D. Kisnkah, P. E.
Bamesville II. Wharton, D. Cross.
St. Clairsville J. Henderson, J. J. M'll
yar. Martinsville T. M'Clcary.
Cbirington W. W. Roup,
Woodslield W. A. Davidson, J. Phillips.
Brownsville McCormick, Mercer.
Newport J. W. Shirer
Lowell W, Athev, J. Jackson.
MeConncllsville P, Cook, G. A. Waters,
W. M. Grimes,
Sharon J. W. Baker, P. G. Edmons,
Coen.
Summcrflcld N. C. Worthington, J.
Woodroff, J, Wright.
Cambridge District -J. C. Taylor, P. E.
Washington and Cambridge J. A. Swa
ney, S. P. Wolf.
Scneoaville M. Bishop.
Adamsvillc A. Magee, G. Weller.
Norwich R. Boyd, D. McGinnis.
Coshocton C. A. Holmes.
Flushing J. J. Moffit, D. Neal.
Cadiz D. P. Mitchel, G. Crooks.
Peersville J. M. Bray, H. Bradshaw, J.
D. Knox.
New Philadelphia I. N. Baird, E. P.
1120
630
1951
1696
1200
1130
Yes
Adams, 997
Allen, 313
Ashtabula, 1657
Ashland,
Athens,
Auglaize,
liulmont,
Brown,
Butkr,
Carroll,
Champaign 1248
Clark,
Clermont, 465
Clinton, 1120
Columbiana, 1207
Coshocton, 2869
Crawford, 1000
Cuvahotra, 2667
Defiance,
Darke,
Deleware,
Erie,
Fairfield,
Fayette,
Franklin,
Fulton,
Galia,
Geauga,
Greene,
Guernsey,
Hamilton,
Hancock,
Hardin,
Harrison,
Henry,
Highland,
Hocking,
Holmes,
Huron,
Jackson,
Jefferson,
Knox,
Lake,
Lawrence,
Licking,
Logan,
Lorain,
Lucas,
Madison,
Constitution
No
1270
License
i . 4i. . - -e t l. nr xr n:u
reasons assigned against uie election oi aiw, ii.n.uiimii-ic.
Judges, by the Whigs in the late Constitu-' Cumberland W. C. P. Hamilton, II.
cucn iiione cotiiu uv win
tional contest.
sistfnt and manly argument in the negative
of this question.
Entertaining these sentiments then, or hav
ing voted against giving the people the right
to elect all officers, how can one of these
lining m eepicmoef, or uie lore ernor; and, it it linn appear u ..JU... , .,.:, witll0ut Hn additional insult to the
of October, very ptoderat or .votes an4 gUd sense of the people, go be-
eeks; then it rains day anu mgm, wiin; ; iomf!;m -.Vni.io' tho. f,ct. I f.m them and ask their votes for a public.
.IIi1fl .vuu ilia uioviiiiiiinivii ... v... ---- i
some intervals, but not so hard as it dot s in
the States. Grain may be stacked ever so
Veil, and it will rot down during the wet sea
e, Generally in March we hayp some
fiiir weather, in Aril and May more; then
llielonff clear davs commence, and we have
(hem untjl we are perfectly tired of them
There is not much need to work during the
si;ill issue ins n
and said Constitution shall be tlie institu
tion of the State of Ohio, and not otherwise.
office? The
ject speaks thisl
course of the whigs on this sub- D Rich)
lis language to the people: 'We, j Smithfield '
Westchester C. E. Weirieh, J. E. McGaw.
Stcubtnville District J, Spphcer, P, E
Steubenville, South Street C. II. Jackson.
Haniline Chapel A. Rich.
Richmond J. H. White, J. Dallas.
Springfield D. Gordon, S. Baker.
New Somerset W. Tipton, S. Minor,
Carrollton J. Hare, L- W. Dales.
Wellsville M. A- Ruter.
Leesburgh S. W, Pay, S, Chancy;
300
1344
J 300
2823
441
2928
394
400
112G
1054
9384
358
539
1079
271
1657
130
330
1643
1987
1172
2644
922
954
450
449
Mahoning, 2080
Marion, 945
Medina, 562
Meigs, 322
Mercer,
Miami,
Monroe, 1698
Montgomry 2496
Morgan,
Morrow, 1303
Muskingum 2313
Noble,
Ottawa,
Pauldinsr, 243
735
eoo
2501
1457
11302
1780
829
J045
1273
1113
200
1844
582
1562
1068
2623
1144
1906
2170
4319
736
1815
220
48
150
1182
757
2035
1975
442
593
2264
1710
1083
392
725
477
594
2059
640
1364
3841
400
Yes
837
582
No
served. win oe seen m nouio mou. - -,K ,.., ,nlltil uiim.. amono
, . ... '"" " OlIUlllV., . o
majorities only are reported. W e will bob- tne poWers 0( tie farth, die separate and
tinue to make addltwns as fast as received, fqual statim to which the laws of jiature
TV,n. markwl with Btju-m are offieial aud of nature's.God entitle Uiem, a decent
- . . - , . i .-..
respect io uie opinions oi maumiiii icvjuuta
that thev should declare the causes which
impel them to this separation.
11 82 1 We hold these truths to be self-evident.
-.that all men ar "created equal; that they are
1537 endowed by their Creator with certain un-
j alienable rights; that among these are life,
- . liberty and the pursuit of happiness. That,
to secure these rights, governments are insti-
2159tutcd among men, deriving their just powers
i J . from tlie consent of tlie governed ; and that,
whenever any form of government becomes
886 f destructive of these ends, it is tlie right of
1513. the people to alter or abolish it, and to insti
jtute new government, laying its foundations
758 on such principles, and organizing its powers
1525 in such form, as to them will seem most
1982
1696
400
1448
1278
505
1647
1424
1016
877
2181
530
2267
442
1089
1298
4832
481
772
126G
273
342
1818
97
591
1479
1087
440
1615
1089
556
1468
1055
177
1406
2713
1359
2530
would inevitably interrupt our eotmeclioni
and correspondence. They, too, have bee
deaf to the voice of jastice and consanguini
ty. Ve must, Uiereture, acquiesoein th
necessity which denounces our seperation.
ana iioiu uiem as we noia te rest of man
kind, eniroies in war, in peace, friends.
We, therefore, the Representatives of tha
United States f America, in General Con
irrees assembled. Appealinz to the Supreme
Judge of the world for the rectitude of oar
intentians do, in the name, and by the au
thority of the good people of these colonies.
solemnly publish and declare that (Lase Uni
ted Colonies are, and of right ought to be.
free and independent States; that they ara
absolved frdhi all allegiance to the British
crown, and that all political connection be
tween them and the state of Great Britain
is, and ought to be, totally dissolved ; and
that as free and independent States, they
have full power to levy war, conclude peace,
contract alliences, establish commerce, and
to do all other acts and things which inde
pendent States may of right do. And, for 1
tlie support of this declaration, with a firm
reliance on the protection of Divine Jrrovi-
likelv to effect their safety and hanniness
rrutience, indeed via dictate tlmt govern-1 dcnoc we mutuRiy piedge to each other our
ments, long established, should not be chan
ged for light and transient causes; and, ac
cordingly, all experience hath shown, that
mankind arc more disposed to sutler, while
lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor.
Philadelphia July 4th 1776.
jC5T We know of no subject on which pub-
1693 evils are insufferable, than to right them- ho opinion is so unanimous as the efficacy of
913jselves by abolishing the forms to which they ' the Hoofland German Bitters, Persons who
1753 arc accustomed. But, when a long train of have long been suffering from Dyspepsia,
811 abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably diseases of the Liver, etc., are immediately
2787 the same object, evinces a design to reduce and permanently cured by their use. Pro-
'them under absolute despotism, it is their cure the genuine article, that prepared by
966 right, it is their duty, to throw off such gov- Dr. C. M. Jackson, at the German Medical
C0 ernment, and to provide new guards for their Store, No. 120, Arch street, below Sixth,
1777 future security. Philadelphia. Those who are ailing should
1712 such has been the patient sufferance of take our advice, and try this wonderful med-
8349 the colonies, and such is now the necessity icine.
which constrains them to alter their former1, ScaoFuiA.-It has been remarked by em-
41 J system of government Ihe history of the inent menj that in the Yaried catalogue of
I JW present king of Great Britain, is a history of diseases to whicl man is Uabe there is nono
1 repeated injuries and usurpations, all having ofsuch importance and of guch interest as
W0 m direct object, the establishment of an nb- Scrofula, whether we look to the obscurity of
""" 8olute tyranny over these States. To prove its orjgjn its jnsiduous progress, the num.
'"I" this let tacts be submitted to a candid world; ber and variety of organs that it attacks, or
-" He has refused his assent to laws the most its remarkable incurability and cxtensivo
miuiirsuiiii; uiiu. uptcoaai tui tiiu uuuiiu f-iri irx
2430, TTo lino fiirliiilden ltis rrnvprnnrs trt nticci : A a. . , -r,
m' " . . , o . 4 eminent pnysiaaiis oi tins country ana r,u-
laws of immediate and pressing importance, ropc ut ,liere is an antidote for this dis-
i'q'in U" susPendca m tllL'lr operations, till his ease in jyf, Gvysott's Extract of Yellow
assent should be obtained ; and, when so Dwk nd Sarsaparilla," which is proving
uiu suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend itsef a speeilie in the most severe cases of
,to ?hcri1- , , , , , , Scrofula. See advertisement. 2
I He has refused to pass other laws for the, : . '
870 accommodation of large districts of people, j jC5Who would not rather enjoy the
cc,l; unless these people would relinquish the pleasures of health, and the agreeable con
645 right of representation in the legislature; a sciousncss of well being to the griping pains
21)0 right inestimable to them, and formidable ofdisease the bitter continuance of ill-health
261 ... ivranla niiU- ' and the chillin" thourrlits of never recoverintr.
.w . ........ w.-.y . , 0 o ' oT
He has called together legislative bodies ' But of all diseases, who is not most anx
, , i . . . ii i it . . : . ,i: ,.f,i... t n'i.
i ac places usual, uncomionaDie, anu msiani i w ratap n uic m me jjuujjs i xim
025 from the repository of their public records, very idea of falling a victim to Consumption,
1621 for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into sends a tremor to the heart-strings of life,
43' : compliance with his measures. But oh how joyous the thought that uvn
13551 He has dissolved representative houses re- and .health are still our own, when just,
36,7!peatcdly, for opposing villi manly firmness, before despair had spread her dark mantel
his invasions on on the rights of the people, over us,
He has refused, for a long time after such Such, kind reader, are the pleasurable,
dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; sensations experienced by hundreds who, by
whereby the legislative powers, incapable of the use of "Dr. Wistar's Balsam of Wild
annihilation, have returned to the people at Cherry," have this dire disease slowly but
large for their exercise; the stale remaining surely driven from their system ; and health
in the meantime, exposed to all the dangers rosy health, again restored to their Ian
of invasion from without, and convulsions guishing bodies. To test the viitue of this
within. - valuable medicine, refer to the advertise-
He has endeavored to prevent the popula- ment in another column. 2
tion of these states; for that purpose obstruct-, , , Tj 7, , , , ..
ing the laws of naturalization of foreigners, I j?abtl1, SoC0q1 Celebration,
refusing to pass others to encourage their' , babbalh Schools in Cadiz intend eel-
migration thither, and raising the conditions enroling tlie approaching anniversary or
of new appropriations of lands. American independence oy a public proces-
He has obstructed the administration of SI?n an(1 appropriate exercises. The schools
justice, by refusing his assent to laws for W1" nim ln tneir respective school rooms at
' . . .. . y . .. . fi',.l,l. A M n (U t,,,jl. l t..l. J 1
establishing judiciary powers. iu l","" ..uuu wuiuimauij, anu ms
Helms made judges dependent on his ready to form in processiou at 9, A. M.
will alone, for the tenure of their offices, aud fh,c fn-'"ds ot the Sabbath School causa
the amount and payment of their salaries. a"u tlie Vnmc generally are invited to join
He has erected a multitude of new offices. " tlie. excroises of the day.
and sent hither swarms of officers to harrass Sabbath School Celebration.
our people, and eat out our substance. - tiikih.: ,.;n i. nh , i ,-i.tv.
Ho has kept among us in time of peace, DUX TION in 'l'iiieciiiii.e. 1 1: r. U-on roimty. O.,
stanclintr armies without the consent of our fimnli i'hj of .lu!t msi, Seveml (tioi.l
lnfril liilY tirn es.llirli'll III ' ill lltlelllllllirp. when tin lld-
V; , V . w i i -v, ilnps will lie doliM ieil hv die Rev. Jiif. F. M"
He has affected to render tlio military w- (;w ;r. Thl. )1)lio Ju tM iv;,l lu
dependent of, and subservient to, the civil (im nil. '
, . ! M f! I! IK I), On tl.e 6ih u!t.. Iv llic Vrv J,
Subject UuriiM. Mr. M Istosii l!v,i(iin. m Mim. Aukiu
us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitu- Hun nlij.i m. amy.
tion, and unacknowledged by our laws; giv. , v; titTT'
ing his assent to their act of pretended leis- J ) J J (J
lation. lit n it u in -i-i
Forquartcring large bodies of armed troops J j V I II V I 14 III
Scrofula has baffled the skiil of the most
1128
... ..i l J A
III. tectum lstot the schedule provides, , , . . ohio . 1 1 H thc
as to existing laws as follows ; Ipeoplp, sliould have the Constitutional right ;
Sec. 1. All laws of this State in force on f and we tric(I ,
the first day ofSeptember, one thousand eight, r :..
hundred and fifiy.onc, not inconsistent with or "araesi, to ua. u. .o... ,
this Consfitiviun, shall continue in force un- think still we had the right ground on thc
H til amended or repealed. nnpstinn of Refovm: but at the same time
wet season, when a man has lus tarm well Vo also furnish the following sections of ; . . ,,. t vote for us. w0 msist. !
the Seefum pointing out the time when first! imving your support for our candi
elections shall beheld. nd the officers to be . fof BUpremei common pleas, or probate
elected: llinlirp.' Such conduct contains both a rc-
Sec, 2. The first election for members . th. -,t tn pl. ftlMi vet an
of the General Assembly under this Consti- V
tution, shall be held on the second Tuesday - - , .
of October, one thousand eight hundred objecting to it. It declares the people ma-
and fifty-one. .; ''puble of voting for men fit to be judges, and
Jixed up, and start in stock, Were J back
n tlje States, a yflunj man, and knew what
I kow now about Oregon, I would go to It.
Hut that is not advising you. or any other
nan to cump,
When I was back from Missouri, In 1845,
to bit native place, in Columbiana county,
()hio, never told a relative or any other
person, that I was fixing up my business, to
ptart to Orcgstn tne next spring ; ipt MW rea.
on that there would be long strings of ad-
Viee given me, and as I had oame tq the con
elusion tfl go, I wanted none.
: I would give yon a description of the rout
to Oregon, but it would he too tedjans at
present. I would say this to every ccim
ing to Oregon j have a good light wagon
X he bed as light as possible. It ought to be
piade of well seasoned wood, or the kns
will drop off, or yon. will brtsak. down hefore
ytt get through. If I were coming again I
would fix my wagon so that I could lock evi
. try wheel. I would say further, load light,
Ktart early, and get her before the wet sea.
yon comes on. Have a good team, andhavc
jon ejtra take good care of themmake
M regular daily drives as possible. I tell
!roa it is long road, there is piany a hill,
ow Valley, and rapid running stream to cross.
Jjt requires particular car? at the crossing of
ftaake rivcfi
Teaching school is a pretty good business,
employ a teacher here at a salary of 111 CO
ytir qurrtcr. ' -1 would give you a description
pi CalififffiiA fr " I naTe 86611 t. but
tjrM and paper will not prmit. I would
' further add that Oregon will be W oun-.
try for prson that have the rheumatism,
pwing U) the long epnt'm.ttanc? p( damp wca
;-."'ther. . ',
In oroluslon you wanted a long and full
Jettef, Now, almost all the letters I receive
from tho States have blank paper in them,
pud they all nelioit long answers in return.
J tbjinV 4 have complied with your request
iJnQtigh in an .wkwarTmanner
, Yours with, respoct,
JAMES SMITH.
Seo. 3. The first election for Governor, tl breath unres them to do the
Lieutenant Governor, Auditor Tourer re re .
and Secretary ot btate, and Attorney Gener- " ' J f
al, shall take place on tl.e second Tuesday of of doing, far the best interests of the State!
October, one thousand eight hundred and; Can the penplc regard the electioneering
fifty one. Tho persons holding said qftices i,Cgrrary of the whig party heaeafter, with
on the .first day ot September, 00 thousand anyqother ft.eing than that pf unspeakable
eight hundred and huy-one shail contuiue ,
.U.ir, lil idncniinnil Mniwlav in .Tiinilurv. SCOrn.
Ulll, 1I . 1 1 1 1 ( . y -ii v. luvitwu ... .... , .
one thousand eight hundred and fifty -two.! Plank Road.
Sec. 4- The first election lor judges ol ; Wj, Wn with much Dlcasure. savs the
the Supreme Court, Courtsof Common 1 leas ,v, ,. n.. ... 4. Mo-tin, nA
and Probate Courts, ad clerks 4f the Courts " -" "
of Common Pleas shall be held OH the sec- ( Cadiz plank road will be put under contract
ond Tuesday of October, one thousand eight 'about the first of July. One also, in the
hundred and fifty-one, and the official term . mH ,.neral direction thro' llarrisville is
of the olficcrs so eieeted shall commence on w , nrf.rartiirv tn W.atirin.
the second Monday of February, one thou- j ' -n .1 i
sand eight hundred and fifty-two. Judges These twq roads will open to th market
and Clerks of Courts, of Common Pleas, and one of the best regions qf country in Ohio,
Supreme Courts, in office on the first daj of atla the spirit manifested by the people along
September, one thousand eight hundred and tl iine in their construction indicates ajust
"ir" n appreciation afthegreat value of those im,
Monday in February, one thousand eight provements now centering to this city with a
hundred and fifty-two. No suit or proceed-daily accelerated pace, and the manifest
inar pendinif in any of the courtsof this State faci , vhe present is the time when the
shall be affectea by the adoption of this Con- tide geU toward ouf city 8nd which if teken
S K T1, Ttorr alffr nml Xlf CP vnr HuUiu.i...i..,
the Land Office, Directors of the Penitentiary, never be forgotten that the tide of human
Directors of the benevolent institutions ot energy is fast pushing onward and onward
it??" A boy who bad. ( n attending a eol
tired funeral, was asked on his return where
iie had Veen, ue repuec, vcryqnicwy,
iaf been Mack burying."
If elephant can travel eight miles
b hoar and carry his trunks ho fast could
h go if h had a dakry to carry it for him?
jinks the JocH.
vrThe eheapfHt p'iper in Kastern Ohio
the State, the Librarian, and all other officers,
not otherwise provided for in this Constitu
tion, in otlice on the first day 0,1 pepwmoer
one thousand eight hundred and fifty-one
shall continue in office until their terms ex
pire respectively, unless the General Assem-
Hark! ye Soupites. '
The Republic, the National organ of the
Federal party at Washington city, gives ut
terance to the following significant prophecy :
We cannot forbear expressing an opinion
at this time upon which we are willing to rest
QUf character for prophecy. It is simply
that Millard Fillmore, unless some re-action
now unthought of shall take place before the
tim? qf nomination, will be the Whig ca,ndi-dafter-Union
and people's candidate also,
for the pext Presidency.
There now! 'stir up them "feathers,"
and be "hasty." ye Scotites, and. don't stop
till you, roake a regular "fuss."
JtW The tobacco crop in som portions of
the E'ltate of Kentucky; has been entirely de
fstroye;! by tic late heavy frosts. . .,. ,
faster and faster the faster the progress of
improvement throughout this whole country,
and that the time has come in which insola-.
ted energies are powerless, and associated
and harmonious enterprise can alone succeed,
when he who lives tor himself alone is
most jwe tq live in forgotten poverty.
As time and tide wait for no man, we hope
that the present time will be duly considered
by our citizens and the proper preparations
at once made to welcome the improvements
pointing to onr city with the elements of
prosperity. The only present chance of use
ful action on the part of pur citizens is tq be
found in prompt, efficient and decided action
on the Hempfield road. There should be no
dallying, no management for individual e
molument, no negatiation, lyj doubts; but
$150,000 more of individual stock obtained
and the work put under contract from here
to the Pennsylvania line as soon as the marks
can be made, .
3rThe wheat harvest has commenced.
T. Winstanler.
Warrenton J. C. Merriman.
Georgetown J. K. Miller.
Leaver District J. Monroe, P. E.
Beaver Q. S. Uolm.cs.
New Brighton--J. Dillon, H. D. Fisher,
Salem W. C. Henderson, W, Brown.
Bridgewater J. Murray,
PetersburghA. Huston.
Lima, A. II. Thomas, J. Ansley.
Canton J, D. Cramer, T. J. Higgins.
Paris W. Devinny.
Hanovcr--L. Petty, J, Grant,
New LisbojwJ. F. Nessley,
Liverpool J. Huston, w Crouse.
. Allegheny District J. J. Swayzb, P. E.
Allegheny City,
Beaver street . h. Uabcock.
South Common S. Dunlap.
Chestnut strcct-I. Dallas, '
Manchester S, R. Brockunier.
Butler A. G. Williams, - Gilleland.
Birmingham D. Hass.
Chartiere S. Longden, B. F. Sawhill.
Temperanceville W. Cooper,
Sewickly R. Hopkins, J, Horner,
Tarentum E, B. Griffin,
South Pittsburgh-t-to be supplied.
FlorenceG. B. Hudson, D. A- McCrea-
dy.
Sharpsburgh C, Thorn.
BlairsvUle DistrictJ . Coil, P,
Blairsville S. II. Nesbitt.
Johnstown J. Gibson.
Cambria mission R. Hamilton.
Somerset! J. Bcekam, D. B. D. Colemap
Ligonier J. Shaw,
Connellsville J. J. Covert.
Marrysville-R. Jordan, Chapman
Kittanninsr-G, Cranage, G. Hassler.
Elderton D, H. Haines, W. P. Black
burn.
Gcorgeville W. McCarty,
Indiana Campbell, Mears.
Greensburgh: D. L. Dempsey, J, Bor-
bidtre.
T.-.i n t i. 1..1J : w.-i.:
kjonierence wj uc jiem 111 4Ju.g-
ton. Pa.
Delegates to the next General -Conference,
T. M. Hudson, II. J. Clarke, R. Hopkins,
A. Magee, J. Coil, W. Hunter, S. Wake
held. Reserves, J. J. fewayzc, V. u. Jiat
telle.
Perry, 1385 1436 1351 1228
"Pickaway, H52 1425 1300 1309
Pike, 400
Portage, 2C10 741 1320 1741
Preble, 090 1100
Putnam, 175
Richland, 2833 1003 2220 1292
Ross, 1857 1951 1405 2184
Sanduskv, 700 - 94
Scioto," 544 1034 593 C94
Senaca, 2190 518 1948 1080
Shelby, 990 1070 1170 561
Stark, . 2635 1773 2663 1556
Summit, 40
Trumbull, 1956 1622 1508 1639
Tuscarawas, 1577 2225
Union, 553 355
Vanwert, J17 .
Vinton, 350 -
Warren, 1348 2240 144Q 1866
Washington, 100 700
Wi'.vne, 1058 .
Williams, C07 231 397 368
Wood, 450 487 556 335
Wyandot, 269 471
Majority forthe Constitution so far 16,000
Majority against license 10,000.
The Privileged Few.
The Ohio Life and Trust Company, and
several other Bunks of the State, have de
clared their intention of contesting the pay
ment of taxes under the law of last winter.
Charters 1 Contracts Special privile
ges!!! Go it ! Wonder, says the Ohio
Democrat, if a special law passed by the
Ohio Legislature exempting some of our
farmers from taxation for term of years,
as the Banks have been exempted, would be
considered irrepealallef Would it not be a
contracti, charter, just aa much so as a
law exempting a Banker from taxation?
Of course it would. But will any man say
the Legislature has power to tax one farmer
and let another go free from taxes? Not
likely. Neither has the Legislature power
to exempt the Banker while hf taxes the
. Farmer. , , , . , , ,
The Democratic Party.
The Washington Union says what party
has stood by the country and the govern
ment in every crisis through which they have
been called upon to pass, from the time
when Washinjfton bade us farewell to thc
srresent day? Who resisted the first advan
ces of ambitious men towards such an in
crease of eqecutive power and patronage as
would have made the President of these Uni
ted States a Monarch in all but in name, and
bound the people's advocate-the press
in chains? 'The democrats of 1778. AVho
threw down the gauntlet to the first Euro
pean power in defence of our national honor,
and in the second war of independence vin
dicated, by land and sea, the rights of man
by the thunder of our artilery 1 The dem
ocrats in 1612. Who checked the progress
of sedition in the south by the timely exhi
bition of irresistible strength, and generous
forbearance? Who overthrew that tremen
dious moneyed despotism which already
ruled the commerce of the country with a
rod of iron, and threatened to retain its lib
erty with letters of gold? The democraoy
led on by Andrew Jackson from 1828 to 18-
35. Who by the exercise of a wise and cn
ergetic policy, in two short years, chastised
a foe whose arrogance and presumption be
came insupportable, conquered a mighty em
pire, added to our old domains a region of
wealth incalculable and of vast extent, and
acquired for national powers which secures
for us the respect of all the world? The
democracy, imder the administration of James
K. Polk from 1844 to 1848,
In every place of its existence, 'whether
for good or evil, has this party stood by the
country manfully till now : in her darkest
hours it has been faithful; in her brightest
it has cheered heron! and every demonstra
tion of the people's love for that country it
may claim to participate in, no matter to
what party or to what occasion Its origin is
derived.
power.
He has oomuincu wun ouiers, 10
jfTBjshop Hamline, of the Methodist
Church, who has long been lying very ill in
Illinois, has so far recovered his health, as to
be able to travel.
JCST Harvey Dayton, Cashier of the State
Bank, at Newark, N. J., has been convicted
of perjury. .
JCirThe Missouri and Mississipi rivers
are rising again, and another flood is expect
ed tofollow, ,
among us.
r or protecting tncro, l?y a mocK trial, troni
punishment, for any murders,- which they
should commit on the inhabitants of these
States.
For cutting off our trade with all parts of
the world. , .
For imposing taxes on us without our
consent.
For depriving us, in many cases, of the
benefit of trial by jury.
For transporting us beyond seas to be tried
for pretended offences.
r ot aboltsfnng tlie tree system ot Jingnsn
laws in a neighboring province, establishing
therein an arbitrary government, and enlarg
ing its boundaries so as to render it at once
an example and fitinstrumentforintroducing
the same absolute rule into these colonics.
For taking away our charters, abolishing
our most valuable laws, and altering funda
mentally, the forms of our governments.
For suspending our own legislatures, and
declaring themselves invested with power to
legislate lor us in an cases whatsoever.
He has abdicated government here, by de
claring us out of his protection, and waging
war against us.
He has plundered our seas, ravaged our
coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the
lives of our people.
fie is, al this time, transporting large ar
mies of foreign mercenaries to complete the
works of death; desolation and tyranny, al
ready begun, with circumstances of cruelty
and perfidy scarcely parallelled in the most
barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the
head of a civilized nation.
He has constrained our fellow citizens, ta
ken captive on the high seas,,to bear arms
against their country, to become the execu
tioners of their friends and brethren, or to
fall themselves by their hands,
tt , , i ,
lie nas excuea aomesuc insurreouons
amongst us, and has endeavored to bring on
the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless
Indian savages, whose known rule of warfare
is an undistinguished destruction of all ages,
sexes and conditions.
In every stage of these oppressions, we
have petitioned for redress in the most hum
ble terms. , Our repeated petitions has been
answered only by repeated injury. A prince
whose character is thus marked by every act
wnicn may ociine a tyrant, is unfit to be uie
ruler of a free people.
Nor have we been wanting in attention to
our British brethren. We have warned them
from time to time, of the attempts by their
legislature, to extend an unwarrantable ju
risdiction over us. ," We have reminded them
of Uie circumstances of our emigration and
settlement here. We have appealed to their
native iustice andraacmanimity, and we have
conjured them, by the tics of our common
kindred, to disavow the usurpations, which
llllP
OF laiM l OKI), tOlVN.
THIS OLD AND RESPON-
SlULfcXOMPANYo'ntiiiu.'
............ LVun I T , tl I
A - nieiiiiii murine rtn-
I'Zv icie 011 ihu most tuiisluctorT'
r9 terms.
D. W. PHI..MPS, Agent.
(at Cadiz nnd IlurrUon Comity.
LAND TOE SALE.
THE subscribers will ,
sell at private sale, 156
a acres of first rate LAND,
in Athens township, Harrison county, Ohio,
1 miles from JNew Athens, on the road
leading from .New Athens to Hushing.,
There is about 120 acres of cleared land.
The premises are well watered with never
failing springs. ' There are also two frame
Dwelling Houses thereon, : and two Coal
Banks. The Farm is well calculated for
grazing or agricultural purposes, and will bo
sold reasonable, and on easy payments.
J?or particulars enquire ot the subscribers.
living in Cadiz, or of J. G. M'.Culough, re-i
' 1! VT ' A .1
siuing in new Atnens.
SCOTT oV BINGHAM,
jy2-tf Real Estate Agents.
TTiLUUK by tlio biirrel, lor euip by : '
P jy3 BHOTWEI.L & CRABB.
A
FEW bnrreli MACKfJIlEI, for Nile b
jv9
IV
SHOTWEU. CRABB.
WAiiUUON'8 lingliuh Cradling teytbes for
ale at the sign of the
jy ' BIG PADLOCK.
AARON HOTT.
MANVFA CTURER AND DEALER 1$
WWm TIN Mil
SHEET IRON-WARE,
TTAS olwnys 011 hand, at bis ahop (near S, A.
JO. II M'iV.'Idei.'s stare) a large stock of tha
above wurci of every (loncrijiiion, which he wil
sell Wholesale or Kutull, aa low n can bepiir-i
chiiscd anywhere else in the Westers country,
Country Merchants will ing 10 lay in a stock of
Tinwurc, woiiiu iio well to give mo n call before
piircliniiing, M I think I can sell a little tows
than they onrt purohiiie elsowhero.
ST0 VJfiS.
I have for sale the celebrated jEtna Air Tien!
Cookinf Stoves of jail sizee, fo ' either wood ot
oonl. Then Stoves 11 re decidedly the bed la tha
market, and 1 feel confident that any person tryv
ing one will sny so ; all I ask is thut they may
have n Imr trial.
Also the Air Tight Wood Stove, which is hard
to beat In this or nnv other miukoi. AH Stoves
sold by me n warranted unci any one pur.
chasing u fetove, nnd finding it dulcchve, can te
turn It to me nnd I will make n exchange,
I ch anil will sell Stows AS CHEAP the
can be hl jn any market.
je?5-l
t 1
"ill""'
o o 00

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