rrn TUT IP M 1 M M fD 1$ A P
: i 11 i 1 1 Ml. iui ID m K
VOLUME 18 NO. 44.
CADIZ, OHIO, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1852.
TERMS $1,50 A YEAR ; '
M f 1 -A I,'.
For the "Sentinel t Farmer."
Messrs. Editors: By giving a place, in
Tour valuahl nanpr. to the following lines
ifyou think them worthy of insertion, you!
j u.i - .L- f i,.i,J
nrtli doubtless gratify some of those who'
irere eye-witness to the death therein c-
orded. The demise of the little suflFerer al-
r-i ' o
Juded to, is supposed to have been occasion-
dbv the leveritv of the weather asitoc-
d by the severity of the weather, as it oc
urred on the moruing of Tuesday, the 20th !
f January, notorious for being the coldest'
day known for many years. The lines be-
low written and r,,H hv the teacher on
the day following to the school therein allu
The wren is dead! that little wren,
That hopp'd about the school house floor, ;
Is dead andVone! We look in vain I
To see him now he is no more I
He died on yesterday at eight ;
His little body was inter'd
Deep in the enow drift, and his mate,
Since then has not been seen or heard.
Upon the crumbs he used to feed,
That from the scholar's dinner fell ;
It makes my heart now almost bleed,
About this little bird to tell.
How harmlessly he hopped about,
And when pursued by roguish boy,
How quickly he would flutter out,
Where no one could his peace annoy.
Or find some eh'mk within the wall
Some hole in which to hide from harm,
When ho could not rat out at all
Tht-re would he sit, ensconced, quite warm,
Poor little bird! as you are now,
So one and all of m must be--
Death is imprinted on the brow,
Of each child" of mortality 1
Then let your lives the impress take
Of innocence that marks the wren
While you are scholars it will make
You lov'd respected when you're men,
'Twill fi.. you, too, to leave this world
Of tears andduath, and make you rise,
On wings of angels wide unfurled,
To dwell with God above the skies.
- For die Sentinel uttd Farmer.
Grand Circular Fox Hunt!
At a meeting held at the house of William
Maxwell, in Hanover, on Monday evening,
the 2d inst., it was agreed to have a circular
Fox Hunt, on Friday the 20th of February.
The followiug boundaries were agreed upon:
Commencing on the Rumlcy road near
r. Sloans, thence south along tlie section
1in. via Tsnan Prai.r.'x. S.miu.l AIpT.u.im'.
.Jllrlnr Monrolmail ' Wwlnw tnS!'iv
. T, , , . c,.,, , ....
Aim f JaKiirn a nnnc in S h ita ior I hHa
west from Samrel Osburn's, via. Arthur
iBeatty's, ' James llobison's, David Patter-
on s, Aaron (Jonaway s to bamuel Adams
ibarn above Laeeyville. Thence north, via.
iRobert McFadden's, Alexander Simpson's, n0,viy Saint Pathrick! Landlord! land The groom left with rather a rueful coun
Jsaa " Lematter's, John McDonough's to lord !! land-lo-o-o-o-r-r-rd !!!" tenance, and appeared to be lost in deep
Conaga's mill on Cennotton. Thence east 1 Pt had by this time detdndedio the floor meditation, which was only disturbed by the
-hvJNew Market, Frederick Kimmtl's Thos' on which the landlord's apartment was situa-j merry peale of a bevy of girls, who saluted
.Moore's to Mr. Sloan's, near New liumlev
;the place of beginning.
'The centre to be in the bottom above Jr-'
miah Biadlcy's meadow, one-half mile S-
W. of Haiovcr.
Alios Hiiok Marshall of the day.
East Line. Chief Marshall, Dr. J. HJ
Patten. Assistants. Isaac Pratt, Joseph
JWharmn J A Siinn.nn Jnlin Sr,U !
T , r, T , , . , , ,
John Cox, John Atkinson and Jas. Osburn
South Line. Chief Marshall, J ames Rob-!
ison. Assistants. Samuel Adams, Arthur
Beatty, Gerge Palmer, Samuel Gillmore,
Albert West, John Anderson and Aaron
West Line, M. II. Conaway Chief Mar
, ihall. Assistants. Robert McFadden, W. !
Simnson. Andrew Hendrix. Obediah McDo-1
n m, t i
b i..T, "vu,clitherneounthryV"
uu toamuet lucueau,
North Line- A. F. Croskcy Chief Mar
shall.' Assistants. E. O. Conaga, Phillip
Jolly, Thos. Whittaker, Frederick Kimmell,
Wm. Patterson, John Epley and James Pat--
ton.-, -r . .
Tha Marshall! will be on their lines at
half past nine o'clock, A. M., to be ready for
matching at 10 o'clock with their respective
linei.'' ' '''".'
The signal for starting will be given by
the Chief Marshall, by firing a cotton ball at
i tis centre. The signal to be repeat sd by
,the Marshalls, by firng guns along the lines.
Op arriving at the first etraw line, on
ifourth pfa mile from the centre, the men will
halt, and tlie Chief Marshalls will repair to
' ,the centre, and receive orders from the Mar
shall of the pay before marching to the se
cond straw line. The signal for closing in
will be given by feinj a gun at the centre.
No firing of gins wi be allowed within the
straw lines,' ft dogs to be let loose on ar
ming at the second straw line: - i
RALLY ALL! .;;:'v
February S,' 1858.' . ,; .
I fi3PThe Fire Annihilator is not annihi
lated yet. The New Yorkers are still man-
factunng them, but for what purpose is not
. . . - . i 1 -. 1 w. 1 ' "
JBSTha French ars beginning 'tp build
A Hotel Scene.
The hotel in which the scene occurred
was. on that nnrasinn. rather full, and the
: ... . .7 ' . .
nephew of the landlord lay sick in one ot the - .cu. iwg...
rooms on the third floor.' He was to receive isanguine temperament, and the intended
cine duri he frora tl)e hftnds bride a joyous looking girl, with mischiev-'
0f a person whohad been procured to "watch" ,ous sves speaking with rougishness, that
with him. The landlord had instructed tlm'told her lover not to "count his chickens
aforesaid wateher to administer a potion of. bltft""e they are hatched. After entering
orae little physic to the patient at 12 o'clock; 'l ie quire s office, that dignitoy approached
doM be repeated at certain hours of stbe parties, and inquired, m his blandest
He is rather techy," said the landlord,
"and you had better keep out of his room
until you go up to rive hira the medicine."
"Oh. for that matter," replied the watch- i
er, who was a novice in the vocation, "I pre-I
. . . . ' r. .
ffr to it lierp" and li. tvmA a finfa whiMi .
was in the apartment, in suspicious manner.
"Well," said the landlord, "you won't
forget the number of ins room .'
d k .1 1.111.: 1. - il1.1
"And toll him ha must take his medicine
without making such a confounded fuss aS:neJ. Rnd 1 wouldn t baulk you.
he made with the last dose. Tell him that
I say he must take it it's good for him."
" les, sir."
" Good night."
; (jooq night.
Boniface retired, and the watcher deposit-,
;ed himself on the sofa, from which he was
roused by his own snoring at quarter before
one. In dismay and confusion he seized!
the medicine and hurried up stairs.
The sick man was lodged in No.
the nurse in his haste mistook No. 58, for it,!vlce vou hnow .oo'omon says -delays are
and entering the latter he saw a person ly. dangers, keep the feet dy and the head
ing in the bed, face upward, with his mouth cool, and bid defiance to physickers."
wide open, respiring with that peculiar gur-j "La! Jolln,. there's no use of being in
ele to the throat which indicates strom? lunirs isuch a hurry."
jand a plethoric habit
i . .1 i . .
"Ah 1" mentally exslaimed the astute
j watcher, "he makes a fuis about taking his
.medicine, does he? I'am blowed, though,
if he don't tak.-one dose quietly beforehc!011'1 Bets Bradford howl when she hears
wakes up, in fact!"
The idea of givng a portion of bitter phy
sic to a somnolent patient was sufficiently
'ridiculous; but when we consider that the
I watcher had entered the wrong room and
! was about to administer it to the wrong man,
i the affair becomes still more ludicrous,
j Our friend, the watcher, acted promptly,
4 ;and having filled the howl of a large spoon
with the nauseating mixture, he forced it
j down the throat of the ' sleeping traveller,
i who happened to be a healthy Hibernian
! that had never taste physic before in his life.
I The Irishmen struggled and bit the spoon
severely, but the watcher plunged it still
deeper in his throat, saying, as he did
j "Oh, but you must take it the landlord
says you must!'
The nasty dose went down, but when Pat
rick recovered his breath, and began to pour
forth his objurgations in his own peculiar
rhetoric, the watches discovered that he had
committed an egregous blunder, and, seizing!
the light, fled from the room.
Tl. ....-I I I
from mu, wft9 on 1)card nihin jhold er! Go on with the sarvice-drive it
bout in search of the landlord, swearing) trough, and clinch it on t'other side rivet
"engeancc againsthim and all connected with lier now I"
his house. On he came, trarini? through
the nassatres. bunt.'inL'' the doors, and roarini'P""'1-
like a grizzly
... . . o
'Oo-oo-oli ! it's kilt I am. he dad. anvhnw.
Au-ugh ! lm choivked wid pisin ! Divtl a bit ma knows you're out,' " And away skipped
iv a furrum in the wisthren country will lithe little jilt, convulsed with laughter.
buy now, for 1 am a dead man! The msin
is ating me up just. Ucli, it's eBough to
. 9 . .
leu, ana me wortny nosi, neaniiguie nulla j11"" 1L" inuyiuci, a umn uu-
bulloo, opened his door and asked what wasitance from the Squire's; prominent among
the matter? jthem, too, was Betsy Bradford. He is
"Ah, is it there ye are? Come out for a
bating or let me come til ye! A d d pur-
i ty house yere kapen, to sind your man into
nn linn:f. trnvpl.r'i rnmn tonmonn ihoinnn.
cent divil in his shiape! Ugh! the bitter,
nasty pison ! come out "here, and I'll lather
J'e like blazes!"
matter, my good friend.",.,, mcn Ivan'03 in years. uld
i, 0vV( th(J mattcri is it !whcn i was
wed from my swate slaue', and a big dirty
blajgard stood fornint me, remain a big la
down me throat, full of pison an' sez he,
'you must take it; the landlord sez so !' and
now, 'what's the matter?' sez yotv! An' that's
one ofyer thricks on thravellers ! Come out
here, an' I'll bate ye. Be the blood of the
howly marthcrs, I'll brake i very bone in yer
body 1 11 ticl,e J'e to Plson daccnt tbray-
ler, that.s gom to buy land in
The Irishman here became entangled in
in the meshes of a wooden settee which stood
in his way, and, at the same time the land
lord's wife seized her worthy lord, although
a "host" in himself, she was not willing to
risk him in a rough and tumble light in the
dark and having plucked him back into
her sleeping apartment, she locked the door,
and bolted it securely
The prospective purchaser of"wisthern
lands" haying extricated his legs and arms
from those of the settee, still thhsted for the
"Bring me til the murtherin ould vilyan !
let me cone at him !"
At this juncture, however, Mick, the host
ler, made his appearance with a lantern,
which he held up to the physic-smeared face
of the enraged travller, with a polite request
that he would "hould his tong." But Mick
was at last compelled to -give his fellow
countrymen a good beating, which had the
effect to restore him to gped humor, and
when he found that he was not poisoned,
after all, he retired once more to his bed to
dream of the "farrum" which he was going
to Duy in uie -wesinern country,
JC3rTo spite a 'fellow that is waiting on
your girl, just hide his hat, under the stove,
for instance. tmtcnprKnivcs and buck
wheat cakes 1' but its capital. .
t3TTbe editor of the Yankee Blade, gives
the following, among other "hints oil matri
mony: "iJon t be surprised, it atteryou
have sailed smoothly, about nine months,
on tha'voyage of matrimcr-y, you are over-
The Half Married Man. .
A younsr couple appeared before a justice
of the peace, in Greenfield, for the purpose
'r ..: :.i ti " ,.c
"What can I do for you, young friends?"
"What can you do for us?" enquired the
g?; "Why a darned site, now I tell ye.
TfearV ., ..
U" 1 recKon replied nis intended
ii ti :r n :n:
11 till 9 VTlillll .
WillinM" roared the groom. "Why,
s up? Ain't join' to gin up now, I
jhope ? You don't mean to say I shan't get
i .. . . . . .
" U". no, John, you vc come to get mar
ooa as gold 1 mere, Squire, there s
a pattern to begin with," and seizing her, he
planted a few that would rival pop-beer,
" see, she puts on the harness like a dove.
So, now Squire, gear up your fixins, and
crack your whip.
' "Cll, said the bq
uire, rising, "if you
are m earnest, can marry you.
"In Ernest !" exclaimed the impatient
j unuu-yrouiii. -ui course, we re in an nest.
uon 1 P lilver so go into it rip out the sar-
"Knurferr ftrm'tcoir iluuil' fill It
let 'em drive. Go at it, Squire hurry up
the cakes moderate, but don't splurge
slow, but alfirad sartuin. Wake snakes,
The Squire proceeded slowly in the cere
mony, keeping a watchful eye on the intend
ed bride, whose mysterious manner excited
a suspicion, that a screw was loose some
where. When, however, he came to the re
sponse of the groom, the solemn scene was
disturbed by something like a stentorian yell.
"Whoop! you better believe it ! Why,
of course I'll take 'er who is it 'sputes it?
What did I come here for ? May bet your
life on that. Go on, Squire now give her a
The Squire, in turn, performed the service
which was to extort acquiescence to her lov
er's wishes ; but instead of the precious
words, " I will;' gushing up from the pure
fountain of, her maiden heart, a NO blunted
the senses of the Squire and groom.
' Great shakin' agers ! Sary, what did
you say .'
" Xo !" screamed Sary, laughing outright,
and beginning to move off". The Squire
looked perplexed, and the newly married
nM, with great uneasiness, exclaimed:
"Stiiml vnni irr.mncl Mni'p ! Snmi-n vnii
" jo you aon U l ou ve no right to com
You wanted to get married, and you
- -11.,, -. . ,
"" married but m, not married! iSo pay
'he buuire and run home before your ' mam-
ureiu "-"r. q'-re it s your lautt : it
.l . ) ' . 1 i .1 1. . 1 1 i.
you u ouiy put er rignt, uirougn, an natin i
istimnnd to mince matters. Ida had er !
known at the young man who is half mar-
rted. if ester nimper,
Theory of Humor.
To see a young officer 14 years of age,
jcome into company in full uniform, and with
make everybody laugh, because it certainly
is a very unusual combination of objects, and
such as would not atone for its novelty by any
particular purpose of utility to which it was
QJ j ,
subservient. It is a complete instance of j
Add ten years to the age of thisincongru-j
ou officer, the incongruity would be veryi
faintly diminished; make him eighty years (
of age, and a celebrated military character !
of the last reign, and the incongruity van-:
ishes. I am not sure that we should not be
rather more disc osed to respect the peculiar-1
ty than to laugh atit. As youincrease the in
congruity, you increase the humor.
If n tradesman of a corpulent and respec-
table appearence, with habiliments somewhat
ostentatious' were to slide, down gently in
the mud, and decorate a pea-green coat I
am afraid we chould all have the barbarity
to laugh. If his hatand wig, like treacerous
servuiita, were to desert their falling master,
it certainly would not diminish our propensi
ty to laugh; but if he were to fall into a vio
lent passion, and abuse everybody aoout
him, nobody could possibly resist the incon-.
gruity of a pea-green tradesman, very re-j
spectable, sitting in the muu, anu tnreawn
ing all the passers-by with the effects of
wrath.. Here every incident heightens the
humor of the scene; the gaiety of his tunic,
the ceneral respectability of hia spperance, !
the rills Of muddy wates which trickle down
his checks, and the harmless violence of his
ratel But if. instead of this, we were to ob
serve -a dustman falling into the mud, it
would hardly attract any Pttention, because
the opposition of ideas is so trifling, and the
incongruity so slight. Sydney Smith.
kWh. Yankee ehap speaking of his sweet
Her hair is of a rich dark brown,
Cerulean is her eye,
Her cheeks are soft as cygnet's down,
; Her lips like punkin-pie. ,.. ;
Epitaph of a Rich Max. He lived, made
money, and--died, t..(! , sy
, J3Why are Iti'n'keeper'a wive like gen-
ralsT Because they are ruiersoi potts.
For the Stntintl and Farmer.
TO THE PRINTER'S D L.
You saucy little e f, you, .
"lis easy seen you're young,
When, for the love of pelf, you
So freely use your tongue.'
Your character's perfidious,
As seen in your "address,"
By using speech invidious
You've prov'd what you profess.
At least you are h'is apt, sir,
And let his Honor sable,
Get you in a scrape, sir,
Should place you 'neaththe table.
Where Congressmen are wifo't to put,
Mean bills, and each petition,
That does not altogether suit
Their taste on abolition. ;
Your crime is this a worthy class,
As live in county Harrison,
Are made, in your "address,"
Sheer Ingint by comparison.
'Tis true we're rough and rough our fare
And our condition looks forlorn,
But everviwio should be aware. i
We've more to eat than "parched corn."
Just leave your murky borough
Fetch down your empty hide, sir
We'll till it with fat burrow,
And some "roast beef" beside, sir.
If, after you are here, sir,
About our food you jaw some,
We'll dress for you a deer, sir,
Or else a fat opossum. ,
If still disposed to grin, sir,
And not disposed to hush,
We'll fill you to the chin, sir,
On possum fat and muth.
If after this you've room, sir,
To raise a piteous moan,
We'll stop it, I presume sir,
With Johnny cake and pone.
Though condiments are rre, sir,
In this, our western wild,
We'll some for you prepare, sir,
They'll make you look quite mild.
We've whortleberries some, sir,
And various other trimmings
And when we trot you home, sir,
We'll fill you with jjcciiwniojw.
When your acquaintance made is,
With our daughters and mode of life,
We think you'll leave old Cadiz,
And come to "Dohrnian" for a wife.
' But, if in spite, sir, of all these
When you go back you cannot let,
Alone us oboriginees;
We'll make you run the gauntlet.
If this be not sufficient, sir,
Your gibing us to balk, you
May dread means more efficient, sir;
We'll send and tomahawk vou.
Secret of Taming- Animals.
We have no direct means of divining the
"why and because" of certain predilecti'ons
and prejudices observable in birds and other
animals. We daily see actions among them
for which wevcannot in any way account,
Thus, for instance, if a dog enter a room lull
of company, you shall presently observe him
make a careful tour of the apartment, snuf-
fin.r first, atone, then at another of the as-
sembled guests. Towards some his tail will
oe seen iu wtt, hiiii cvciv siiiULu.ii ui tkiuu-
i: unt ,i.,.iii. ,i,:i't f,LvJ -,i
i . ,.r i
1111 con ctiiu. (t vuu 'Mill n uiiev iwn i vnnnij
he will, with tail deflected, show unmistake
able signs of suspicion, perhaps of disgust.
Depend upon it, the animal's discernment is
rarely at fault. I would willingly be guided
bvsuch a Mentor. Just so it is with the Senate Adjourned. 10M- uur travelling genius was aroused , V'S'-- " "'"
fe'athered race. Some masters and mistrts-1 Housk, The Speaker laid before the l turn llesc mishaps to his own advantage; F' "PO" the seal old as untrue and not ,
ses can never tame their birds never get 1 House a large number ot Executive comma- snd he went leisurely to work to patch and , "" contesston-the latter as his true confes
them to be on terms of intimacy. The cause nications, which were appropriately referred. bolster UP ""S""' bolln J faithful oxen ; n'c" prelaced with the evidence
is evident. There is no feeling of affection 1 The House passed the bill to extend to to it. and changed his employment of trund - fc' 1 ' ?" trial, post mortem examination
in common between them. They do not love ;
their birds. Ihe latter know as much, and
are assuredly aware that they are kept simply
for the sake of furnishing amusement.
I have also noticed the same unerring sa
gacity in my squirrels. They would con
stantly detect any person who might be pre
paring or wishing to play them off some
practical joke, and would, to my great de
light, fasten on them at once, paying them
handsomely and in full for all favors about!
to be received! it was, however, imposiible
for me to anger them. They, too, well knew I
the friendliness of my disposition seeing
what merry romps and gambols we had to
gether, both by day and night, up stairs,
down stairs, and in the garden. No doubt
it is a wise provision of nature, thus to en
dow or little friends with instinctive powers
of perception. The face is the index of the
mind. They read our character when they
catch our eye. William Kidd, in the Gar
Tub triib IIionBn Law Doctbinb. No
thing has excited our surprise more than to
witness the great variety of opinions express
ed among Christian men on the question,
I whether there is a higher law than the law
of the land. A vast amount of absurdity
land nonsense has been published, both from
' the pulpit and the press, in regard to it. The
true ground is stated in a nut-shell, in a
Thanksgiving sermon, by ine ney. Albert
Barnes. He held, that when a civil law con
flicts with Ood's law, it is our duty first to
use our lawful influence to secure its repeal ;
secondly to refrain from forcible resistance,
single or combined, unless the case should
justify a i evolution; thirdly to obey con
science ana suncr ine penalty, tie lurmer
maintained, that the constituted authorities
are the judges of the constitutionality of any
law but they cannot determine a question
of conscience. In his inferences he found
cause for thanksgiving, in the general con
formity of our laws to Clod's law, and said
thatit was wonderful that, in thirty-one States,
Ieo few enactments should hare contravened
fthatlaw. Prttbytmati JieraM,
Friday, January 30.
Skuati. A resolution, submitted by Mr
Bradbury, directing an inquiry iuto the ex
pediency of providing by law for the preven
tion of abuses in the conveyance of passen
gers by steamboats from the Atlantic ports
to those of California, was adopted,
The Mexican indemnity bill was reported
by Mr. Hunter.
The bilj for the relief of the lately pardon
ed Cuban invaders was referred to the Com
mittee on Foreign Relations.
Ilocis. Mr. Robinson, from the Commit
tee on Roads and Canals, reported a bill (o
set apart and sell to A. Whitney, of New
York, a portion of the public lands, to enable
him to construct a railroad from Lake Mich
igan or the Mississippi river to the Pacific
1 1 . ci w vuc i i;iuv
oeean; which was referred to the Committee
of the Whole on the State of the Union
The House adjourned until Monday.
Monday, February 2.
-Mr. Miller presented petitions
in favor of a modification of the tariff of 1846, lated to me a gentleman of at least appa
in regard to the duty on raw silk. irent truth- ls0 interested in the region
Mr. Stockton presented the joint resolu-1 wllere tlie subject of this article dwells, and
I tions of the Legislature of New Jersey against
I. - - . . . . .V 2 . ,
intervention. He addressed the Senate in;
favor of intervention, against any declara
i. . . i. r .:.-.i o. .. l.i
tion that the United Stales would never in
terfere in behalf of struggling liberty.
Mr. Hamlin presented the joint resolutions
of the Legislature of Maine in favor of in
tervention. Mr. Douglass reported the bill for the re
lief of the lately pardoned Americans in
Spain, and the bill was passed.
The Mexican Indemnity Bill was also ta
ken ud and cassed. '
Th resolution iWlarintr ihc Hnmmiu
a settlement of thplvfl onpsiinn tnkon
up, and Mr. McRae. concluded the speech
commenced by him on Thursday last.
After a few remarks iit reply from Mr.
Badger, the Senate adjourned.
HousB. Mr. Johnson, of Tennessee, of
fered a joint resolution, proposing amend'
ments to the Constitution of the United States Waters," and worked bis way as He; l.v up ... me great muuiume wnose
(which was referred to the Commifee on could, till he found himself at Independence. J" were fixed upon him ; nor did the ap-'
the Judiciary;) first, the election of President health, and with no loss of strength, a.id;Pce the hearse, before the gallows,
and Vice President of the United States by with one hundred and fifty dollars in his! hich was in a short time i to convey his l.fe-n,-
;,.-..,i. .i, ,. nurse. He had no family to Drovido for. or!1 D0dy 10 lts last resting place, create n
bills LWUlti UUVWiJ. UWAII, lliUlbllJU UJC iCJ 1U
of the Judiciary to twelve years; and lastly,
providing for the election of United States
senators or ine people, instead oi Dy uie
A - . t .1 . 1. . . 1 I. 1 .,
, Mr. Dott introduced a bill to eatahllali a
n..u:. r.:i,:.. rw. i .
employment of a Superintendent of Public
Printing; which was referred to the Commit-
tee of the Whole on the state of the Union,
Wednesday February 4
Senate. In consequence of the illness of
Mr. Clarke, the joint resolutions relating to
non-intervention were postponed till Monday
Mr. Stockton presented several petitions
in favor of the line of steamers between, the
Un itt-rl St.nta ant mv. Irr ant .
tvi . Ktii..n r,r,..cr,t.wi h otttiv, e.f
Uommander tJhar es Wilkes, aakuiir an im
propriation of half a million of'dollars for an '
exploration of the Arctic Ocean, aud a search
for Sir John Franklin
Mr. Clemens presented the ioint rewlu-"
tions of the Legislature o?' Akbamain favor
an Agricultural Bureau.
Mr. Shields introduced a bill granting land
to the several States, for the benefit of the
indigent insane, and it was referred to a se-,
lect committee of live.
The bill changing the time for holding the
United States Courts in Virginia, the bill
providing for a superintendent of Indian Af-
lairs in California, and the bill to enforei,
discipline in the navy, were passed.
rM. .....l u:m
i xo wcucilu iucu tuuii uu wic uut Ljrnuiiutf
l.n.l t f.,r,..iiro,i L,., b
w n it uiutuiiu uui uuivai U v .
if. L-.1..K ........I i.:- - ...
iwt. x-ciii uuauuucu iiis iciiiaius iu tavor
of the bill !
Mr. Bell got tbe floor. The subject was'
postponed, and after an executive sussion the
Moore ik Hascall, for fourteen years, their
patent lor cutting and gathering gram.
Johnson, of Tennessee, proposing to rive a
au.ru.-r ofasection of land to every man
in.. u:u I . : : i ir..
widow, the head of a family, was taken up,
and, on his motion, it was referred to the
Committee of the Whole on the state of the
Union, and made the special order of the
day for the first Tuesday of March next, and i
so to be continued until it shall have been
The bill to regulate the publication of the
laws ot the United States and public ad ver
tisements was debated by Messrs. Smart and
Harris, of Tennessee; when the last-named
gentleman moved that the bill be laid upon
the table, lint, before the question was ta
ken, the House resolved itself into Commit
tee of the Whole on the state of the Union,
and resumed the consideration of the Senate
and the House bill relative to bounty land
This was discussed without coming to a
conclusion, and the Committee rose and the
Thursday, February 5.
Sinati. Mr. Cass presented a petition
from' the workmen lately employed on the
wings of the Capitol, asking to be continued
in their employment. He also introduced a
joint resolution authorizing the same; which
was referred to the Committee on Public
Mr. Shields presented the memorial of Al
fred Gulhree, with the result of experiments
by him on the cause of the explosion of steam
Mr. Broadhead called up his resolution of
inquiry into tho expediency of having a
Charge at Switzerland; and it was adopted.
. Mr. Shields reported a bill granting land
to the several States for the relief of the in
digent insane. .,. ' , 1 . ;
J.I0U8S. The House resolved itself into a
Committee of the Whole on the stato of the
Union, (Mr. Old in the chair,) and resumed
j the consideration of tbe bill from the Senate
making land warrants, issued under the
act of September t8, 1850, assignable, and
for other purposes.
Messrs. Brenton and Yates severally ad-'
dressed the Committee in favor of compen-
sating the land officers for the keatioa of
land warrants. j
A largo number of amendments were of-
fered to the bill, and debated. i
The Committee, without coming to aeon-
elusion upon the subject, rose, and the House .
The Wheelbarro W laan.
The Journal of Commerce contains the
following account of an emigrant's method i
of getting to California, and his success f- with her a couple of years they separated,
terwards. Says the correspondent of that' habits being intemperate. He then cam
paper: to Ohio, married again, and was in the ca-
ln a rirevious communication. I remarked ipacity of a laborer at Mr. Yantilburg'a, in
I ,,1.11., I , 1 i ... i . '
"P"" cimraeicr nu t-jmu uc.c.uycu u
the miners ot this countrv that such a class
of men were very rarely to be found.
As an evidence of the truth of my assump
tion, I will give the outline of the case of
one individual, the details of which were rc-
wno was 'amiliar with the lacts.
I 1 1 .... r..1
a im uau wen u uniurerasiui ua-
ver in the mines of Georgia, on hearing the
thrilling news of the gold placers of Califor
nia, had his spirit quickened within him; and
although he had arrived at an age (being
about GO) when the fires of youth cease to
3out oO ) when the hres ot vouth cease to
bui with vigor, fixed his eyes upon the far proved to be of no avail in making the proper
distant and little known country, end rc-1 impression upon his mind. A short time
solved that Ik would wend his way thither j before his execution, through Ihe politeness
alone, and without that indispensable friend, j of Sheriff" (rates and his deputy, Mr. Jones,
money, of which he was destitute. Under, wc ha(1 arccsg t0 cel1- Wlwn tl,e haliil-'
such circumstances, it would not avail to at-jl'ments of the grave were brought in, h
tempt a passage "round the Hor
srn,' ' or by
the more uncertain and at that
fected route across the Iithmus; but as Cal- apparent emotion, and was standing with hi
ifornia was on this Continent, he knew that - spiritual advisers, when the Sheriff announce
there was a way there, though it might lead:d.lliat llis time had arrived. With unfal- '
through trackless deserts and barren wastes, j tering step he proceeded to the gallows, as
These were not enough to daunt his deter- j cended the steps firmly, still evincing a pel -1
mined spirit. He bent his way to the "Fath-! f,""t indifference to his fate, and looked around
A i '
even companion to cater for, on the route
nPn which he was about to enter; yet some
th in j.
gs were neccsiary for himself; and to re -
u himself from the pressure of a load,
rovided himselt with a wheelbarrow, up -
vhirli t.. nloo. hu trans
on ivhirh to nlin hi trans.
H not to be supposed our hero was ig-
norantof the large number of emigrants that,
were moving over the plains; and it is quite ;
probable that his sagacity was precocious'
enough to look ahead, and see the result of
aft'tmpling to carry forward such ponderous !
loads, and such variety ot at least diepensa -
ble things, as the earlier parties started with,
' A detailed list of the amount and variety
'of goods and wares, useful and superfluous,
,wu" " le appeiiuages oi reuueu unu ian- r
lonaoie ine, mat were uistnouieci along tue
wide wastes and mountain ranees, would as-i
. 1. .1. I .
tnnish the reader.
0ur hero was not in a hurry.
. . . " . . . ..'
his pipe, the object of wonder, and the sub-
:jectof much sportive remark, b those who
wvre hurried along with their fresh and spir-
edtlms: "tlie world was not made in a day,"""S.w ')S". '""uon am,
"the race is not to the swilt," lie trundled, ceased in less than four minutes. At it
1 barrow, enjoying the comforts of , quarter before 2 o'clock, his lifeless body was
KeJ ttaills ( hrstdays.) Many weeks. I"-1"" lc mousanu. dispersed.;
had nut passed before our independent trav-; ln ,a" unusually quiet and orderly manner.. r
ellerhad tangible evidence that trouble had: IhearranmeiiUot
fillletl 10 the lot of some who had preceded , h,s deputies and ex-Shenft Bryle. wer
bim. A s.ray ox was feeding on his track, , complete and in the best order, and did hinv
the mate of which he afterwards learned a3:mU(;n C,CU1 as.a J'ublic olhcer. lothepris-
killed, and I his one turned adnit as uselea.;"'-' "v wmuy eienaeU (lie aitpau
1 auntc as useie.:
companion of his ',
ip where he could '
:Ue - coaxed him to be the
trjiv' s. tnLin-c r.fu-f tn iitini
o r "
DroviJe himself with the needful sustenance.
fl IimiI not. f:,r to ir;.v..l hnforo lm f.inn.l n
" ' ' "
mate for hisox, and tie long a wagon, which
bad given away in some of its i.arts, had
a "andoned by Us owner, and Jell 111 the
fourteen Y-ti.r lhnJ'"g 1110 wiieeioauow to uining a team,
Onward moved the new establishment, gath -
ennc as he went from the suneiabundance
of those who had gone before, such as flour,
provisions of every kind, books, implements,
even rich carpets, &c, which bad been cast
off as burdensome by other travellers. He
would occasionally find a poor, worn-out
animal that had been left behind; end as it
was not important to him to speed his course,
till he reached the end of his journey, when
it was discovered that he had an uncommon
fine team and a good wagon, which produ
ced him on sale twenty-Jive hundred dollars.
Being now relieved of the care of his team,
and in the midst of the gold region, he clo
sed his prospecting by a location, and while I
all around hira were concentrating their
strength to consumate the work of years is
a tow months, he deliberately commenced
building, finishing', and as fast as he could,
furnishing a comfortable cabin. His wood
was fathered, sawed, and reiru arlv tilled in !
a straight line, and perpendicularly by the
door convenient, as though the old lady
was within to provide his meals, tie acted
upon the adage, "never start till you are
ready." Now our hero was ready to com
mence working his "claim," which he did,
as he did everything else, syst ematically
and steadily, lie may be seen at his work,
with the prospect (if he lives to be an old
man) of being rich; for in tho two years he
has accumulated ten thousand dollar!. '
t3T The following "prognostication" may
account for the Unusually severe weai.her
we have had this winter. Hope it will prove
equally true in regard to the summer. - '
"If Christmas on a lhursday be,
A windy winter you shall see, , . -, ; .
Windy weather in each week, : , . : v
And hardy tempests strong und thick,
Tbe summer shall be good and dry, s
) ,- Cora and bft.t shall, multiply-"
ue jniuc.tju tnciu, stopping unere mere was SIX inches highhe last peen got fourplack
abundance of grass, time enough for his cat-jies,Sf lw0 peliind und two pefore, und he Uh ,
tie to gain a little strength and spirit. Time ph,ck ftn over his pody, put Le has peen L't t
rolled on, and his wnaron rolled with him, Lome vite snots on his tmck. vw ! kH., .....
Execution of Steingrarer.
Charles Steingraver, who was convicted
and sentenced to bo hung, for couimtitinj a
rape, on the tdi of July last, unon a blind
Rnd partially idiotic girl of tea years of age,
named Clarinda Vaniilburg, aud afterward
murdering her, expiated his brutal crime on
the scaffold, near the jail in Ashland, ou
Friday last. During hi confinement, trial,
and even when the sentence of death was
pronounced upon him, he showed little or no
contrition of heart, or even a sensibility which
every one is supposed to possess to a greater
or less degree. He was a German by birth.
eme to this country with a wife, settled in
Washington county, Pa., and after lirinif
-- - --..v, "r'":
""k iui nuicn ne lorieueu ins me.
For sever! davs urior to the dav of his
execution, he had the benefit of spiritual ad-,
visers; but while he professed to have made
peace with God, it was evident that their
prayers and religious services made little or
no impression upon him, as he persisted in
asserting his innocence up to the List mo
ment. The night before his execution he
slept soundly, eat a light breakfast, and hy,
evinced very little emotion at his rapidly
approaching doom. ScvcrI clergymen were
with him during the forenoon, endeavoring
to p-rparc him for the eternal world into
.. V..I. 1 . 1 . A 1 . ,1 , 1
:'"- "as auuui 10 pass, out uieir lauors
"un retained his self-possession, and assisted
putting on and adjusting them, without an "
I '11 T T I
! pcrccivai.le emotion. He appeared to engage
, " "i religious exercises on the scaffold, and
iPaicl mc attention to the short addresses
I nl!,(le t0 people by two Germcn ministers.
and onc. in Kttglish by Rev. Mr. Chubb, .
Mcthotlist minister. A few minutes before
f l'"''er past one, his arms were pinioned
' fatal noose placed round his neck, nud
" cap drawn over his face, m this position
l,e slood nrmly, not, apparently, moving
mu-lo-of his b-.dy, while the Sheriff called
out the moments left him a. they were swiftly I
j tf. Plec,sf'7 Dlle,c ' niinu-.es past
one o'clock the drop fell, and ho passed into
eternity, lie leu some five or six teot, and
although weighing 207 pounds his neck was '
not dislocated ; w hether this is attributable '
to his feet having struck the ground, we do
know, but lie must have received- thj
t llfL' U'hlpli lii: iri'.-it u'h!j.K niU.,lu.,..l U..
...ww.. ......... :itw nii"ijL i;i u UCU. Ul
,,)re "ls feet touched the ground, as his death
i: i " i .ii . . i ,
tflK,-'p. a" n' P'ac .'" Il,e coln"' C(,n-
- veJ'etI t0 ll)e P,,lce of interment; when the
M -"' .it.oui sn oi spectators, nmnoenng -
lamuj nvcuucu wte uintusi.
k't'dness and attention during his coufiement,
as was acknowledged by the prisoner himself
i, , . f , ,
:. lwo confessions, said to have been made .
: Y Otemgraver, appeared in the streets f.ir
, .11 r 1 .
011 tlu dy of xecuUon. one by Jacobs ,
'knowledginghis guilt-the other by Henry .
: " , , n,r
, .. - . r '
, Akt 01 morals ot children and youth, We '
,lul uc pchhiucu a ijihcu in suit
7 "hose parenlH have the proper regard .
, be pur.tj r0f he minds of their rtilJrrn.;
-Jtiiilund Shield & lianner.
A Dutch Advertisement. .
Hund avay or solden, or strayed ; mine
j pid; 10rs(1 H0(mt fourteen und fifteen hand
rub off, put 1 greeted him mit Mime irecse
f. ,.. - .... ! .11 .
i.v., uuu nun uu me tqmis IS Sil over plaCK
again., He drots und him kanters, und dm
sometimes bim valks, und ven hira valks nil
his legs nnd feet goes on von after anuddr.
He has two ears' upon him's head, und both
j alike, put von is placker den de odder von -
he has two eves, von ish put out. und fodder
von ish pon do side of his head, nnd etv
yon g" on de fodder side he vont see you.
He has a long tail vot hangs dowu pehindfc ..
put I cut short todder day, und now it il
not so long as it ued to vash. Il ih Ltt
all-round, put his pt tiind shoes eom'd off.
und now he ish only got. does on pefore lu
holds his head und looks gaily,' und ven fats -ish
scared he joonips apotit shoost like bry4f
ting in de vorld.. Hey ill rido.mit a saddle
or a' chare, or cart, or vill go by himself mit
ontnopody put a pag on his pack mit a poy
on it. ; He ish not berry old, only apout 14 - ;
year, und his head, vtn he Valki or runs," it
goes pefore, und his taij slays pchind, only,
ven he dums found put ten be gets putt den l
his tail sometimes Comes ljrst. De .man tut .
prings him pack shall pay 5f reward put-,-'
if he prings pack tie fief rat shtole my horse,
he shall pay resides 809 und ax no questions '
, ' SIIOX SOl'UCltOV'F. 4
1 9 A. down east poet makes this onpla!n '"
"I courted once a lovely maid, ' ' '
And vastly was 1 bitten,
' - I gave to her a pair of glove,' ' ; - '
. She gave to meWA mitten. ' '
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