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Tarborough Edgecombe County, J V. Saturday, August 17, 1850.
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Ytc Turbaro Press,
BY GEORGE HOWARD,
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From the Raleigh Star.
RENOVATION OF WORN OUT
We copy with great pleasure the fol
lowing excellent paper from the pen of
II. K. Burguinn, Esq. of Northampton
county North Carolina, from the May "No.
of the Southern Cultivator, in anticipation
of the "Patent Office Report," for which
it was written. We agren with the edit
or of the Cultivator, that if the "Iteport"
contained nothing else than the essay in
qcstion, the monry which will be ex
pended in printing it, will he profitably
laid out. What Mr. 13. states, is not the
ory, which may or may not be true, but
arc the results of his own practice and ex
perience, and therefore, implicit!' to be
In reading Mr. B's. excellent comrau-
jiication,we regret that lime and marl;
were not available in his district, as either, ter of winter, and heavy rains in other pc
if used in connexion with his pea-leys, jriods of the year.
would render his soil infinitely more pro-! A bout the middle of June, following.
ductive. It is possible however, that the' whcn thc wccds are about half fcrown 3ml
. , . , . . ., , . r ,. before they have formed their sc-ils sow
stiff clays which underlay the lands of his J
J J the land broadcast at the rate of a bushel
neighborhood, and which are brought to.per acrCj of any onhc nlimerous Vaiielies
the surface of his deep ploughing, contain of peas among us, except thc"blackeyed,"
notable portions of lime, potash, and salts which, having very little vine, aflords lit
of iron in various stages of oxidation, and tie shade. In all case?, I prefer those
may thus afford healthful supplies of the )yhich xhct nost vi';C and riPcn carl
. , , . liest When the land has much of weeds
two first named substances; but even di .. . . ..
' . or grass upon it, turn under the peas with
that case, benefit would result from thcany kinj 0f piow rui)ning not over three
applications of lime in the quantity so inches deep. If the land is bare of weeds,
properly suggested by the discriminating I prefer covciing the peas with a large,
mind of Mr. B., or, even less quantities , heavy barro w, running both ways first
kL . ... ri. m r lengthwise, and then across the beds. As
Ik A quantity of lime," says INI r. Puvis, . ' .
it is important to give the peas a start over
which does not exceed thouMndelh prt . ,he wlee(,s am, ( Mk ,cm six
I. ..... . f . f . m 1 1 1
ot the tilled surtace layer oi tne sou, a iikc
proportion of drawn ashes, or a two-hun-
dredth part or even less of marl, are suffi-
cient to modify the nature, change the Poster at thc rate of a bushel per acre.
. J , . . , if i This stimulates their growth, and they
products, and increase by one-half the . , &, J
J overpower the weeds and grass.
crops of a soil destitute of the calcareous, When about half the peas are ripe
principle.V In another part of his valua- , not half ripe hogs should be turned into
ble essay on the properties and modes of trample and cut up the vines, otherwise it
applying lime, he speaks most approving-' is extremely difficult to turn them under.
inf 4. n 4. r M So soon as this can betlone the hogs
ly ot the practice of the formers of La K
0 should be taken off, for the peas are use-
Sarthe, France, who apply every third ful foV ghading thennd from the summers
year, 111 bushels per acre, in compost suna most important matter in all im-
made of one part lime, and seven or eight provement and giving to the thin soil a
parts good mould or earth. large mass of vine leaves and other veget-
In those districts of country where both abIe substances. From experience in the
IJmo a fl k u a u i. use of both, I think peas not inlenor to
lime and marl are to be had, but where . , . , r 1 . , , u Ut
A. , , clover (to which family, indeed, it be-
u,c BU" as oeen exnausieu uy improvi-
dent culture, by adopting the deep tilth .
and pea ley system of Mr. B.,and by lim
ing or marling, the proprietors of such ;
lands, will greatly add to their nroductive
We invite your attention to the follow
ing: Improvement of worn out Lands hy the
use oj Peas and Clover. Ry K.
Burguinn Esq., of Jackson, North
amnion county. N. C.
Having heard from various reliable
sources of the great sue ess of Mr. Bur
guinn in renovating worn-out lands, in
North Carolina, we were particularly anx
ious to obtain from his own pen, an ac
count of his practice in this important
matter, for the Agricultural part of th
Patent Office Report. At "our request
Mr. B. sent the following able and in
structive essay, which we take the libom
to publish in the Cultivator, simultaneous-
ly with its going through the press at
I here are large bodies offend lying in
atc,.,ai.u iu.uuiu Virginia ana INorth ber, will have grown so as to shade the
Carolina, which have been so much redu-; land pretty well, even on the waste lands
ced by continued cropping, planting lo- I speak of. It should not be grazed the
bacco, cotton, and sowing oat?, as no Ion- first year, at all; in the February after,
ger to pay the cost of cultivation, and are top-dress it with all the manure to be had.
'turned out as waste lands' These real-.'not forgetting to apply all the old ashes
ly still possess a good share of fertility, within reach. This time of the year,
and by a very moderate expenditure of (winter) is best for applying manure in
labor, and attention to common sense prin- our country, where the hot sun acts so in
c.plcs of agriculture, may be reclaimed, juriously on a bare surface. The roots of
and their productiveness increase from 100 the young clover being protected from
to 150 per cent. They can tie made truly hard frosts and sudden changes, by the
valuable; and I do not hesitate to say, . manure, it shoots forward with theearliest
the result of my experience, that they warmth of spring, and smoothes all weeds,
will give a greater profit in the course of When weeds mature their seeds, they
five years cultivation than can be derived -draw.upon the fertility of land equal to
from any except our rich river lands. j most crops. Clover gives a crop equal to
This is the method I have adopted, and -any other. and is alt returned to the land
by which I have increased the products in droppings of the stock while grazing
of such lands from 11 to a barrels of corn upon it. As proof of its profit, for three
to 4 barrels per acre. The increase of i years I have; never fed mv working horses
wheat is proportionally greater than that
in corn. My system of culture is sub
stantially as follows: If the "broom
straw," in which these waste lauds al
ways grow up, retains any sap, by which
when turned tinder, fermentation will
ensue, and cause the straw to rot, let the
land, as it is be plowed with the largest
size plow, drawn by three or four hoi-aes,
running as deeply as possible say, not
less than ten inches and turning every
thing unacr. ff tire straw has no -sap, it
will not rot in a year; and in that case,
burn it off, and plow as before. If possi
ble, follow each plow with a subsoil plow,
and go 6 or 8 inches deeper. This willl
make the stiff clay, which almost every
where underlies our land, more open to
the genial influences of the sun and air.
and enable it to get Tid of the surplus wa-
hourg in water anfj ruD tiem jn plasterof
Paris; and, when they begin to leaf and
branch, say, when 12 inches rvgh, sow
as soecific manure for wheat
After this mass of the vine has been
turned undcr you have a "pea-ley over
wlch sow a ushcl antl a l)a1 ' vVneat
iPeracre, nd six quarts oi ciover seeu
Harrow both in thoroughly, ana lei tne;
work be finished by the middle of Octd- j
ber. The return will, of course, depend j
somewhat on the quality of the "old ;
field;" but I venture to affirm, that it will;
amply repay all labor and outlay, and as-j
tonish by the great result apparently from j
mm til . t
on rlvlnl n Pause.
I am familiar with the great increase ot
crons from the use of lime ana ciover, anu
I do not mean to compare me iwo mem -
ods of renovating land as equal; but, where
'i ne is not to be had, there is no applica -
;,')n that can'compare for a moment, on
voil drained land, (tf itneed draining)
vi.h plaster, peas and deep tillage. No
iok mine is so valuable as a g'?oa man oinw3uuHiBMii. ".j
"j, r Ponfininir myself toiiected, A large portion of the mdst pro-
interior districts, where neither lime norjduclivc lands ia that State have this year
-jmrl can be had.
After the wheat comes off in June fid
lowing the clover, if sown early fn Octo-
1 " n
on grin or fodder, from the middle of
May till the clover fails. They are turn
ed, on the trlover-field after tbe day's
work is over, and taken up in the morn
ing in good condition for service. I have
never lost one by this management; in
fact, they improve from Hie time they are
thus treated, and work better.
After the -clover has been en the land
for two summers, during which period it
has dropped three crops of leaves and
stocks, and thereby greatly improve the
land, either turn it under as before, in
September or October, for wheat, or later
in the fall for corn the ensuing year. In
the former case, you will find.yourlandas
thickly set as before with volunteer clo
ver which ought to remain as a pasture for
. i. i e .i
muMMmmHm:, me Mfcunu crop ui wueai (
cumua oil. ii corn inuera oi wircai, oc
grown, sow peas broadcast among the ,
. . I 1 . 1 .1 . .
corn anne mm plowing, soaring me seeu ;
and rolling them in plaster as before. Af-;
ter the corn crop, do not suffer the land to
he oift." No error can be more opposed.
iu guuu laiunng, man u.ai which aum ,
mai iana is improves uy -lying out aim volving pistols, and in his belt a small
permitting a crop of weeds to mature up-Volt revolver, besides a hunting knife
on it. If we had duly reflected, this er- s0 lhal these eight men are prepared, in
ror would long since bave been apparent, case of atackj lo discharge one hundred
in the continued quantity of thousands of:anj thirty-six shots without stopping to
acres lying waste around us, not a whit joad.
improved by 4lying out." After thc soil
has once been brought up by peas, suhsoil
jngor deep plowing and clover ail with
in reach of the farmer even in the interior
it will not again relapse, unless the for- the 31st of July, a considerable disturb
mer barbarous and senseless practice of ance took place at Cape May. At a sub
exhaustion and negligence be again adopt- scription "hop" given that evening at the
td. If lime can be had, even at a cost of Atlantic Hotel, a Baltimore gentleman re
20 cents a bushel, I would in all cases ceived some insolent treatment and imper
spread it on the land, after the first crop tinent language from one of the colored
of peas had been turned under, to tbe servants of the hotel, in which the fellow
amount of fifteen or twenty bushels per was upheld by a gentleman from Phila
acrc. This quantity will greatly benefit delphia. Failing to obtain proper satis
the land and enable the owner shortly to faction after the conclusion of the ball, the
repeat the application of like quantity. gentleman knocked theservantdown.upon
which all the colored servants rushed in;
The Crops in the United Stales. they, in their turn, were promptly
The harvest throughout the country is knocked down and dragged out by the
now finished, and we are satisfied that the friends of the enraged Baltimorean, who
amount of wheat produced is greater than retained possession of the field of battle,
ever before. In the Western States, where that is to say, the dining room and build
corn has heretofore been the principal ng pertaining to it. Everything has
crop, an immense amount of wheat has since resumed its accustomed quiet
been grown this year. In Missouri alone, j r "
the surplus is estimated at five hundreds Lynch Law in Firt.ta. In Culpep
thousand bushels, and this is one of the ' per on' Wednesday last, a lawless mob as-
smallest wheat growing States. The corn
crop has suffered somewhat in almost eve-
i ry direction, in consequence of drought,
but that occurred before the grain began
to form, and should the month of August
prove favorable, a greater amount of corn
i i. il 1 j..!Atl iL.i. mmma t-kJVhx If rt a m n
win ne raiseu man ever uciui &unu
All the crops suffered considerably which
fell in the course of the late gale, which
swept from Cape Fear to the Northern
Lakes, but that is comparatively, a small
portion of the great territory devoted to
The COUon anu sugar crupa uuc.cu
,g(eatly inconsequence oi me laie spring,
ana me many w.MV-
; oeen auujc. .
, gather, it is probable that both these crops
! will fall far below the average, and it is
.possible they may be even below those of
j last year In Jews alone have those
j crops escaped the disaster to which in the
been devoted to the production - of sugar
cane, and is probable that Texas will be
one of the principal States in the produc
tion of sugar. N. Y. Herald.
Flour Speculations The Buffalo
Courier says that many of the flour spec
ulators will lose over one dollar a barrel
on flour now on hand.
New York, ftvgu$tl.
The bouse of Messrs. Suydam, Page &
Co , large flour dealers, failed to-day for a
very large amount. Their stoppage has
created a panic in the market.
The fact most important to the com
mercial world received by the last steam
er, is another material advance in the
price of cotton, in the French as well as
the English markets," The sales were
immense, and, in the face of a palpable
deficiency of over a quarter of a million
of bales of American, as figured up in the
circular of Messrs. Brown, Shipley Jk Co.,
we are bound to believe that prices must
go on advancing. Good news this for our
Southern friends, and it should go some
way to compensate them for the losses
created by untimely frosts, the ravages of
the worm, &c. American stocks are also
in good demand.
Western Enterprise. A line of mail
stages has been organized, to ply between
Independence and Santa Fe, and went in
to operation on the 1st of July. Two
stages leave Independence on the first of
every month. The Independence Com-j
m on wealth thus describes their equip-
The stages arc each capable of convey-j
inc eichl passengers. The bodies are;
v " )
beautifully painted, and made water-tight,
whh a vjew of using lhem as boats in fer.
streams. The team consists of six
" " iB"
miJes to ach coacu The mai, is euard i
ed by cight men arrnd as follows:!
Each man hag at hg side, strapped up in j
thc sta onf5 of Coltjs revolving rifles; in
a holster below, one of Colt's long re-
From the Wilmington Journal.
Row at Cape May. On Wednesday,
! scmbled at the Lourt House, and though
resisted by the Sheriff at the jail door, cn
tered the jail and took therefrom by force,
William Grayson, a free negro, charged,
with the murder of David W Miller, and
hung him by the neck until he was dead.
Thc Superior Court of Culpepper had
twice convicted Grayson, and the General
Court had twice granted him a new trial.
In the last opinion, the general Court
said, "Upon the whole case we are of
opinion, that the testimony is not only
not sufficient to prove the guilt of the ac
cused, but that it is hardly enough to raise
a suspicion against him. The judgment
must therefore be reversed and a new tri
A Fiendish Plot. A. gentleman who
arrived from Springfield in the New York
and New Haven train, duejiere at:ll o'
clock 'last night, informs us that a few
miles this side of Worcester, when the
train was under speed of about thirty miles
per hour, there was a auddeix and violent
shock; which threw the passengers all in
to a heap, and caused the utmoit confusion
and consternation The train was soon
stopped, and upon examination it appear
ed that some hellish villains had placed a
cross-tree across the track. The engineer"
stated that he saw it, when near, and too
late to avoid it. The locomotive had
bounded over it without breaking any
thing, and kept upon the track; as the first
baggage car came in contact with it, the
brake Was broken, and the first passenger
car on coming up got a terrible shaking.
The investigating party walked down the
track for some distance, and discovered
that sticks of timber, plank, J trees, &c,
were laid in different positions across the
track for some four or five miles! tTho
fiends who had laid them on were evi
dently determined not to be foiled in ac
complishing their hellish purpose of a
complete destruction of the train, and of
course of the lives of the passengers in it.
But this was only one half of the murder
ous plot. There is a double track, and
there was evidence that the tip train,
which had passed, had met with similar
obstructions, and broken one of 'their
brakes, which they left by the side of the
track. Sticks of timber, similar to those
found upon the other track, were found
lying outside and parallel with the rails,
as if they had been removed from across
them. Boston Times.
From the Portsmouth Pilot,
Yankee. Doodle!. ..We have at last a true m
Yankee Doodle song a genuine Ameri-
can song a song that is like the glad
echo of freedom to the derisive dr.g-
gerel once sung to insult an oppressed
neonle. And it comes most nnnortiinelv
in the July numberof Godey. The
aulhor is Mr. T. S. Donoho. a young law
yer of Washington, whose hand vi; chall
rnsn mor w,rmir whpn nftV, Wit mppf.
him on "the Avenue." He is the sou of
Major Donoho, for the last half Century
the able head of the financial department
of the old National Intelligencer.
BY T. S. DONOHO.
"Yankee Doodle!" r Long ago
They played it to deride us;
But now we march to victory,
And that's the tune to guide us!
Yankee Doodle! ha! ha! ha! 'm ' '
Yankee Doodle Dandy!
How we made the red coats run.
At Yankee Doodle Dandy!.
To fight is not a pleasant game;
But, if we must, we'll do it!
When "Yankee Doodle" once begins
Our Yankee boys go through it!
Yankee doodle! ha! ha! ha!
Yankee Doodle Dandy!
"Go ahead!" the captains cry,
At Yankee Doodle Dandy!
And let her come upon the sea,
The insolent invader
There the Yankee boys will be
Prepared to serenade her!
Yankee Doodle! ha! ha! ha!
Yankee Doodle Dandy!
Yankee guns will sing the basj
Of Yankee Doodle Dandy!,.
"Yankee Doodle!" How it brings
The good old days before us!
Two or three began .the song
Millions join the horus!
Yankee Doodle! haj;ha! Jia!
Yankee Doodle Dandy!
Rolling round the continent
Is Yankee Doodle Dandy!
"Yankee Doodle!" tfot alone '
The continent will hear it
But all the world shall catch the tone
And every tyrant fear it!
Yankee Doodle! ha! ha! ha!
Yankee Doodle Dandy !
3, Freedom's voice is in the song
Of "Yankee Doodle Dandy!"
A Marrying Genius. There is a man
in the New York penitentiary who has
had twenty-seven " wives. He is just
thiity-six years ofage, and has been en
gaged in the matrimonial business since
he was thirteen, and has therefore had 3
new wife every seven months, -getting rid
of the old spouse and courting the new
one ad interim. He declares, he will
have. a; hundred wives before he dies, if
they .do noVcramp hia genius within stone,