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Tarboro' press. [volume] (Tarborough, (Edgecombe Co., N.C.)) 1835-1851, January 04, 1851, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042204/1851-01-04/ed-1/seq-1/

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flic Tavboroi S'rcss
BY GEORGE HOWARD,
(blished weekly at Two Dollars pet year
. i . a.lwunr.rt or. TWO DOLLARS AND FlFTlT
ftmia "
V T3 at the expiration of the subscription year.
lSN . . J: o.,ro nrill Ko
. . J nf 1 VIP Dni.r.Anthu first insertion, and 5$
lasers- -
for every succeeuuig out-. liuugci unco a
te per square. Court Orders and Judicial
Of ror ont liirrtior
POJJt'lICAL.
wise men who framed our Gov
pedieot to impose an ad valorem tax unon admit n,,, ,u-
ofl u i. P aumit, that it meant nothing more than
all articles fif mArrh'tni icn f U. .it man
. . ....... ui Ult grcwtn, mis.
manufacture or produce of the non-slave-1 The
holdinor StafA urlilU 1 i , . . I
. "717 7 ' . "aZm 'n-'ernment, were not only lovers of liberty,
fro, , Z 1 "f A " f ,a,e' bUt lh -"shcd certain checks am
from ihejrst day of August next: iV0ii- balances with a hope of preserving & per-
Sif! Tl ' 7T"r Sha" be "e'UalinS tha' libertv. and among the
adv , f ,T ? ' r Wi"1 l'le C,,iefand m0St efficie fth ere the
ady.ce o the Councl of State, to 5USped rights reserved to the States, In their or-
the exec.lt.0n ofsa.d law until ,le ,eet- ganized committees as political powers.
ing of the next General Assembly, iF it The true question then for us to decide is
shall sat.sfactor.lv appear that the fugitive this, does the Stale of North Carolina, as
slave act has been faithfully executed. an organized political communitv. n,,,se
: - - -A
HEPORT OF Tim MINORITY
General Ass liibiiy.
REPORT OF THE MAJORITY
ganizeu political community, possess
the right to secede or withdraw from the
Union, in onso. ih flnnrl 'n,.
. 7 w., -v.u U LI IIUILlit
uiuie i ommittee on Slavery, Submitted j wilfully omits or refuses to fulfil her con
to the Legislature of North Caiolina, on situtional obligations, ur in otder to pio
Wednesday the llih ult. icct her citizens against an unc-Dnstitution-
The minority of the committee p !al or PPiCSsi act of the General Gov
whom wasrt-ferred sundry resolutions ;ernmLMl1' a,ul for purpose of making
upon the subject of negro slavery and fed : that Protcct,on eflref,'tua can she command
eral relations, in addition to the resoln-1 !he Undlvlded allegiance of all the inhab
tions agreed on by the committee ask i lta"ls ;vnhin hcr e
leave to report to the Legislature addi ! peP f the Sla,C Posscsa
tional rnsnlutmn. m n.Mnk .i..... 't U11S n8Bl anfl nave not surrendered it by
--w.s-j . V 1 41 ltii
they reouest
their assent:
I'U . ..i .
j nc: iiiiuuiuy ueiievc mat me time has
arrived when it becomes a matter of impe-
i . AX a a a. - - 1 J .t ( m
-4. .1 f iuu3 necessity, Doin lor the salvation of
Of the Jo ;it Committee, on the subject ofj . T1 . ''nd"on 01
UIll) . , , Jlx jlne Union, and the correct adminiittation
Slavery, submitted to the General As- ( of lho Genera, Government , that the States
sembly on the 10th ult. by Mr. Saun-should ascertain distinctly wlicther- they
jcrs: jhave any rights, or whether the tenth' sec-
Whereas, The people of North Caro-lion of lhe amendments o the Constitu-
InahavB ever cherished a lively and cor-;lIO meant nothing, and should be consid-
fdial attachment to the Union ol the States,; ereu as meaning nothing,
iid entertain the most sincere desire for i It cannot be denied, that since the es
ipresemtionjand whilst, in the opin- tablishment of the Constitution of the
oa'of this General Assembly, the slave-! United States, there has existed two par
ading S,atcs have suffered reat wrong lis in the country, one contending, that
jysoaie of the measures enacted at the said Consiilutian delegated only cer
Jast session of Congress, called the com- tain enumerated and defined poweis,
iromise acts; yet as these measures have and ,,at al1 1,10 powers incident
lecome the law of the land, it is the duty t0 sovereignty, which were not therein
f the South to acquiesce, so long as they. Kranlcd, were reserved to the Slates
kill be adhered to and enforced in good peClively; the other parly contending that
faith; and .so long as Congress shall ab- the Government created by that instru
from the adoption of any other mca-' mcnt was a consolidated Government
lires touching the' institution of slavery, wilh no ,imits t0 ils power hut its sover
lalcuated either to endanger its security, eign will and pleasure. Although in the
lr to destroy the guaranties of the consti- career of amotion, and strife of section il
Vi ;,-. n,. ;ni,n.Af i interests, these ftrrat Iatuim.ii !-.; nf n.ini-
uuMu. ui. it liiciciu c i r - i
l Resolved, That the fugitive slave act! ma-v haVe bccn forR Jllt'n Iur a ,il,,e- or
ised by Congress at its last session is in 'partially obliterated, still, in the opinion
net coaform rv with th. nrviIon anl oi me unueisigneu, tuey cannot uc over-
qairencots or-tho constitution of the' ,ooIi without great danger to the peo-
atted States, and if carried into cxecu- ph'nd.a tinal overthrow 01 our lepubli-
the Constitution of the United Stales, it is
sheer folly to talk of their reserved rights
they have none, and the sooner it is
known, the better it will be for all parties
concerned. This righf was undoubtedly
intended by the framers of our theory of
No doubt, a State, previous to withdraw
ing from the Union, would propose to the
other States sUch amendments to the Con
slitulion as she might think her safety re
quired, and it w'ould be for the other
States to decide whether such amend
ments were unjust or could not be assent
ed to.
But it is certainly unworthy of Ameri
can wisdom and experience to say, this
constitution cannot be amended, or that
we cannot trust the justice and fairness of
our countrymen with the task of amend
ing it. The non-slaveholding States cer
tainly, could not object . to settle this
question forever, and place it for all fu
ture time beyond the reach of political ag
itation, unless they intend herealter, when
might makes right, to avail themselves of
a doubtful or contested power for some in
jurious purposes
Should the State of North Carolina ad
mit that she has no right under any cir
cumstances, to withdraw from the Union,
but must rely for her protection upon
what has been called her natural rights,
and resort to rebellion or insurrection,
she releases thereby her own citizens
frotn all allegiance to obey her commands;
for, if she has parted with all her sover
eign! v, she has no claim to obedience in
Government as the great safely valve of j such an emergency. She may raise the
the Union the only means by which it j standard of revolt, and collect around her
could be preserved, and prevented from
rushing, upon one hand, into consolida
tion, to the destruction of our liberty; a ud,
upon the other, into insurrections and do
mestic violence, destructive of all order.
It is said by many, who admit the right
banner all the disaffected and discontent
ed, but in doing so she admits she is guil
ty of tieason, and all who follow her for
tunes may share the fate of traitors. In
all civil conflicts "the lung's name is a
tower of strength." and the soldier is
doubly armed, who believes that his cause
to exist, that it is imprudent now to assert! is not only just, but lawful
it The minority cannot perceive any! The rigid to withdraw from the Union,
imprudence in asserting it; but on the con-'as a last appeal to the justice and forbcar
Irary, they believe, that its distinct and ancc of the other States, the minority be
unequivocal avowal, will do more to pet- lieve is not only indispensable for the
tie our difficulties, and awaken the whole safety of the States, but is in strict con
North to the danger she is bringing upon Wbrniity with our theory and form of gov
the Union, than all lhe resolutions ofie eminent, and was so understood and meant
siataucc ar.d reLcllion' wtT" can pass. The by its framers; else, why was the tenth
majbiiiy of the people of a State will nev- amendment attached to the Constitution,!
er consul to withdraw iVo;h the Union, which expressly reserves to the States all
except unon the inoft solemn deliberation, nowers not granted? This amendment
following Resolutions, and ask their adopv
lion:
Resolutions,
Ilesolvecl, That the Constitution of the
United States is a compact beuvcen sov
ereign and independent Stales, and alt
powers not therein delegated are reserved
to the States respectively- that among
the attributes of sovereignty retained by
the several States, is that of waichiiig ovet
the operations of the General Govern
ment, and protecting her citizci from
unconstitutional abuse on the o :.- jjand.
and securing to them, on the other, strict,
fulfilment of the obligations imposed by
he Constitution upon the General Gov
ernment. Ucsolved, That the people of North
Carolina, as an organized political com
munity, have the right to secede or with--draw
from the Union, whenever a major
ity ol the people, in convention assem
bled, shall decide a withdrawal necessary
to protect their property or persons, from
unconstitutional and oppressive legislation
by the General Government, or whenever,
by the failure of the General Government
to fulfil her Constitutional obligations, the
people of the State may deemsuch a step
necessary, in order to secure the enjoy
ment of the rights, privileges and protec
tion guarantied to them by the Constitu
tion ol the United States; and in such an
emergency, a majority of the people of
North Carolina, acting through the oigan
i,zed authorities of the State, would he cn
tiiied to the sole and undi ideel allegiancQ
of ail her citizt ns.
Respectfully submitted.
HENRY T CLARK,
VM. 1. SiiEPARD,
G. VV. CALDV ELL,
V, VV. AVE; Y?
SAM'L. J PERSON,
SAM'L. N STOVVE,
MARC US EKVVIN,
YV. J. 1JLGW.
Joint Committee
Prom the Ruleih Times.
3011
in goo! faith, is calculated to give
can system of Govei nment. To the ne
President's Proclamation. Texas
and the Iul:ei.l 'eon Vietmn, thai such a stop was attached to the (constitution at the m- Boundary BUI The Washington Re-
i tiie only resource lei' them to piotect stance of those States which, by their acts pUDjic publishes the proclamai oi of Pres-
iheif rights fiot:i inloli-i l.!;!o tyranny and of ratification, expressly required it, and ident rillrnore, announcing the acr-plance
opprersiou. -.among them none were more urgent than Dy tnc jjtate of Texas 01 the 'Boundary
Among the few subjects which could Massachusetts. That State ratified lhe Bill, passed at the last session of l ongress,
possibly induce a State to withdraw from Constitution with this proviso: That it be declaring said act to be now in full force,
the Union, ncsro Slavery stands nte-emi- explicitly declared, that all powers not and 1h.1t th Si.Tf nf Texas is -bound bv
curity to slave property; and any failure &,e?t or forget fuine-s of the limited char- llL.nt This institution forms the substra- expressly delegated by the aforesaid Con- tne terms thereof, according to their true
the part of the Federal Executive to aclcr 01 our overnmeni, are soieiy 10 ne lum o( southern society. It is so inti- slitulion, are reserved to lhe Several imnort and meamne
nforce. or anv ntinmr.t nn iU n( m,,. attributed our jrescnt difficulties and dan-' m,ff.v eoni.ectpd with tmt sf)oi:d nncl dn- Stair.? to he hu them cxertisedV
7 J M IIIV IV I - J ..... - - - m mamn, . W
FJi'-ial authorities of the free States to ob- 8era- nen we regam me vast extent 01 mRfliic relations, that its destruction, or : What these reserved powers wefe, or
Iruct its execution, would not only con- the American Union, reaching from the male, jai injury, would not only produce how they were to be exercised, the. min-
pte just cause of complaint on the part Atlantic to the 1 acthc Ucean, embracing , universal poverty, but oveithrow States. 01
A C.ii - . . m ita nriilu rl r m !i 1 ti . 1 11 1 1 1 f n 1 1 1 ?i ! u r X r t o r ? ' 1 t . i - t . ! 1 i ! t., .1 I .U . t.
r o;uin. but would be such a gross 4,1 ra ",VJO , " ;J 1 mw vasi insuiuuon is unnnown to a ma- ngni nerein insisieu uu, is uumcu ui auu- the Sjjte gQ chan d ag to jntroduce Afri
narAi .-, r - n 1 t - r x 1 n r 'in iivnru vrmnr n n - a . . v a . . . i' it 1 w
ciicuon ct duty as could not fail to u " ' j ... v,. ... .joruy 01 me rtiaies 01 me union, ana is uoneu
feaken those ties which bind together the lercst il requires very little political sa j regarded with hostility by a majority ofj The minority will not insult the under
rates of the Union. gacitv to forsee. that if weaequiesce in theTj lHC people of those States; certainly then, standings of the members of the Legisla-
2 Iksoloet. That the abolition of sla- doc,rine 1 Government at Wash-.jf 3ny question can ever arise, of sufficient tore, by an argument to convince them,
QThe New York Tribune learns that
,w ,c.c to , a movement is afool amo tne capitalists
it v cannot apprehend, if the ultimate . ... . . tX n
J ' 1 , . , , , in California to have the Constitution ot
can slavery . ib.
fer)' in the District of Columbia- the in- Tngton is all powerful, and that the States j niagtiilude to call into action any reserved that the right herein contended for is ve
jtodiction of the slave trade between the have no rifthts we vvi!l vcrv soon ereci ; powers, vhich may exist, for the preser- dissimilar from nullification, nor can it
Musical Cradle. -Mr. L. F VVhi taker,
of this place has invented a "self-swing
ing musical cradle," and has taken meas-
ery
erdipfinn nf 1 , hnvfi no rinhts. we will X'erv soon erect : nnvn,e v hiph m.n- ovist fur thr nfpspr. liissimilar from nullification, nor can it be
f v,," wi uiu s avfi trar p lipnvrMii inn - n ' - w. j , ! A r . - .
plates; the refusal tn admit nnv nPiv Stntrv an imperial tyranny tinder the form atid j vation Qf the Union and protection of the confounded with that doctrine, except by ures lu u paicni iur uie .dine., txu
t the Union Because of its 'recognition ; ou-ard show of a Republic. Le, us re- peope, lhis quesl ion is one. , individuals who are willing to deceive the ma o p m oe
Pl ,he institution of slavery; the total 3 "?01men1t f1,0"1,1 be lfhe, Thc ? bdicv(3 h a ievous people to aid their selfish and sinister pur- . an
falofthefugitiveslavoact. o,. its modi cond.tion.of the slaveholding Stales under error and a bitter sarcasm against the hon- poses. entitle Amtrican Inocradlt, saslhe
4... 4,16'e siave act, 01 us mom-, , . , . r.. . -r . 1 1. i :.. r r American, with this imniuVement, is
nr nnii msiice ni mr npna p n hp 1 mien 10 couciusiou. ine uiiuui uv , 101 ai ui ' .
Su.es. to asse. .. that the cxc. ci.se of .his misaDnrchension, ben leave to state, .hat ll'e ponduluo. of a clock: it answers
must al-
Mtfxexn ... . ... 0 nnncn irolm (invprnnip.iit.
n 80 as essentially to impair its force tt -
SnJpflR-.; .. . . . A. nnnnlwtntpri (iovernmeht
1 ..uucy; would, in the opinion ot " " , . . o .... all the nurnoses of -ne. in combination
iHienpnl a, ui . ; u wavs respond to the wishes 01 a ma oruy 1 power would necessarily destroy our U- tney propose me roiiowiug icauiuuous, 1 . ; , ,
r ) mem m uniting with the other
. --uiumg stales to uphold and mam
ljieir just and violated rights.
J ReSOlved. That ivhpnovor all nr nnr
Mfjfm .. .. .. - J
f --vdus mcniioned in the lorego
( Solutions shall have been passed by
-ingress of the United States, the
Jor 0! this State be, and he is here-
r '-n,,,rei.l, to convene General As-
,jiv, at suah thr.c as he, in his wisdom,
H ilpam r, : a.. i - ' n intn nn.
'''atioa the solemn duties which vvc
6 tO Ollrspl irio no rroamno n n .1 - C mim
existing relations with thc Federal
M' whereas, it would be both proper
71 expedient to restrict all trading inter
with the non-slaveholding States.
r V1s as there shall ovUt n mnll.
m iv uiiui uuiiir
prehension, either as to the repeal of
5 hlffit.! an ct., I . ... .
n ,iaVu jaw, or us non execu
;m as there now exists just ground
star ..... - iho o,r,rrf.nip ntnss of the whole neoplJ : ninri Thft Cnnstitntinn nf iHr United With no view of ad vocating or urcina dis
VJ faith anTr V u f breaCh0, 0f -the United States. And cin doubt! States makes provWon, for itsmeml- union; on the contrary, they yie.d to fe .wu.K.u for a number of hour,
hdofthi.T tK Tr' what that wish is now; or shortly will be.!ment; 8ouM any one S.ate lete..mne to none in their sincere attachment .o the f"'1 P'y ,he t,tnf'
kr:ft"efreeme? of North Caro-iJ' 8,averv? If we do, Withdraw fron, the Union, before taking Union of the State, They believe the ; like "-se of a nms.ca. box. '"' Vmer,.
. 1 "Kiermineu res.siance, ami ; , . ....i.i r-. ... f.hTtniiH hmi. can adds mat "tins is very neat a.ia use-
We mUSt StlUl OUT eyes to inc iiumciuus inai Step, &ot? wouiu uouuiiess inioiui ujc iuii3iiiuuii w mi. : ii',,
.... . . . . . . , r. , f . . . i.i . . ifnl mvpiiiinn. and should meet with ceri-
s ens which are visible in every part ol rest of thc Slates, and the world, ol the iy anu latny auminisiereo, me greatest;-; ' n
the political horizon. It is said. Congress reasons which had induced her to take so triumph of human intellect and virtue,
will never interfere with slavery within solemixand important a position. Would but that in order to insure the objects lor
the bounds of a State! Even suppose we H not then be the interest, as Well as the; which it was ordiined, it should beadmin
could have the most undoubted assurance-duty, of the other States, so to amend the I istcred with the same justice and forbear
of this fact, there are means of annoyance Constitution of the United States, as tojanee towards the weaker members of the
and destruction of. this institution without dissipate all such fears, and remove the j confederacy, with which it was establish
a-hl.in tho limits of a State, danger which had torced the withdrawing, ed v hen, however, it ceases to pursue
vJIlfe",
sch
aPi""Qji.ens.ions-
:utyertfor?:gc$olv(edi That it iex
Which an all powerful and consolidated rState from the Union? We are contin
Government can easily put into operation, ually amending State Constitutions; why
The individual right of resistance to tyr- is it we cannot amend the Constitution of
nv or revolution, was certninly not alPthe United States? Is that the only in
nny, o . . .. , , rtf lho iiinil which is so nerlVct
hat was meant by our -wmp " "
" J, if it was. a ereat deal that it cannot be amended? Let the con-
?t u e"S labor . taken to express a stant agitation and discuss.on of its now-
01 USt ii-sa Ia . . . tUaniips inn. Unon this slaverv
in common with tne poor- ersanswci
which is question alone, wny suoum noi me onsn
1 I 1 . ho M) ail C IUI.U, -vr .uir
the mere rooner s ni iuuu. r.; .
th . , ... WS of the Southern people, and place beyond
That they should lane doubt, that Congress never would, in a?;v
power, - y9 'manner, attempt to interfere with it, nor
And all should keep who can. denlo the southern Stales their .right
It would be an humble boasf of our ex- . memtj0rs 0f tho confederacy?
periment in the science of Government toj
ritht we enjoy
est slave, or the humblest worm whicl
. j u mprp robbers right
iroxi upou-
the glorious objects of its institution, and
is seized upon by a dominant majority to
insult and oppress a smaller portion of the
confederacy, the only refuge from intol
erable tyranny and oppression will be
found under the banner of the several
Stales.
With the view, therefore, of asserting
the rights of the Slates, and convincing
!hc world, that the people of North Caro
I iiia do not deny a primary allegiance to
heir native State, but as an ultimate re
.oil, will rally around her banner in the
hour of trial and danger, n as the ark of
their salvation, tbe raiooritv proyowuhe
i
This cradle must be greatly superior to
the "baby-, jumper." That affords orfTJr
one kind of music that of the little one
itself; but this giyes at the same time a
delightful swinging motion, and music
with "variations." Of course every fond
mother who can afford it, will 'have'a
"musical cradle."
We wish the ingenious inventor the
most abundant success in disposing of his
cradles. Raleish Standard.
From the Fayeltevillc Carolinian.
(jThe Legislature of Texas has ac
cepted the proposition of the U S io givo
ten millions for a part of hrr teiMiory.
rheic were only 6 voles against it both
houses. Money is too io Tt-xtis to
rrfuse such an offer as tbai But it wa
an outra&e apon the other tStates.
-J.
P
1
. I:
n
"V

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