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IMIIID. UIQIUIl 1 1371. Tarborotisli. Etlgccombe Vomiti ,V. C. 3 ular in, January I k 1851. -Hi imiini ft r i mnirm 27c Averooro7 E'rcss, BY GEORGE HOWARD, Is published weekly at Two Dollars per year t aid in advance or, TwoDol la rs and Fiftv '! irs at the expiration of the subscription year. Advertisements not exceeding a square will be . ' rle( at OxeDollar th first insertion, and 25 nts for every succeeding one. Longer ones at that rate per square. Court Orders and Judicial '.lyprtisements 25 per cent, higher. F..lTIf!AIj. General Assniibly. INAUGURAL ADDRESS OF GOV ERNOR REID. Delivered before the two Houses of the General Asse nbly of North Carolina, the 1st clay of January, 1851. Senators and Members of the House of Commons: Impressed with a deep sense or grati tude to my fellow citizens. I enter upon the duties of the station to which their kind partiality has called me, with the earnest invocation to Almighty God sol to direct my official conduct as to pro mnff flip ivnlfirp. the nrosnpritv. nnd thn , r4, i f i e. . 'pi ! happiness of the people of the State. The'- , . r i c a f . ir dalies ot the Executive, at all times dch- cate aul responsible, are magnified by the importance of the crisis; and I should approach the fearful task assigned me with greatei reluctance, were it not for the fact that I find myself surrounded by the Legislative authority of the State, confided to gentlemen whose wisdom and patriotism, I doubt not, will be found e j'Ja! to the emergency. Tne misguided fanaticism of Abolition ists at the North threatens the overthrow ol the Constitution and a dissolution of the Union. The slavery question is one of momentous importance to the South ern i 3".aies ot the Contedencv, involving aamcalcu'able amount of property, as .. .. ... " J i.eu a, me domestic peace and security . , . 1 . . 3 01 OUr neon e. In thn fnp.Tint Inn of thr I I " V IVI UlilllUll 1. Xrf federal '"onstitution the institution of Sla very was recognized and provided for in a manner just md satisfactory to all the States, Subsequently, this question deep hT agitated the country, tnd the South nde concessions to the North and sub billed to the Missouri compromise, with 1;'C assurance and expectation lhat this actment of the series of compromise meas Ures Passed by the present Congress, by nch the South lost important rights by ;in making concessions to the North. ao Torth, having availed herself of all 12 vantages under this compromise, "oca not cease to agitate the . subject; and ' threatens to repeal the only one of ll; rao:lsures which enured to the benefit (fte South, accompanied, in many in- ; "pes. by violent threats to disregard the itution and the laws, and to forcibly ?s;s their execution. f. We have not been indifferent to the en lhments tint have been made on our 'Us,yet We have patiently suffered ;!l-ai with the hope they would not be renewed. We now have just ca ise 'Qr that this hope was illusive. North lina one of the last States to enter the . ederacy, yields to none of her sisters vr u attachment to the Union. She regard its dissolution as an awful 'ty, which she would avoid at any jr,ficc consistent wih her rights and ,''r Slf5y. She came into the Union to vorned by the federal Constitution. cure herself against tyranny and , ' ' and so long is the Constitu r;Jlhfully adhered to and her rights she will bo among the last of difjf wiung clement of political strife was to lho cMln i ,in nn1 frpi mvsel'f called unon we have lo encounter in relation to our niitiatory step, it requites a larger nnm- 0fC0UlUry, solely, by the jeiorever put to rest. Aficr availing tn ... ,tsvoriM (u nnilr merits of i system of Common Schools, I apprehend, ber of the members of the Assembly to call the cures it has uniformly ,erjie!f of all tho a,li7ooiaooQ lot.vnl nn.i . .. . . : i rt hnrniiml ;n il.n.nmln niMiu.nl.n. a C o u v en 1 i on lh m t o nass t he a mv.txu men t recentl v , it has never beei - -.. many obi?cts ot public improvemcnij" ""l - - m r ,,sr that compromise, -llu- North urged vhich demand the at. o,vie of the St ate ' tion, but in the inadequacy of the fund I he ( onvenlional mode of effecting this any pains been taken to extend exorbitant demands, which led to the en- ) Mf , s 'tom '7 TnjPr,l Im. land in the imperfect manner in which ihe reform weakens the question, while the high reputation therefore is Pe the States ffl rfpsnvt tho T7: r . i . , ui sne T X- , 1 l etUer mto a U-, the Legislature in its wisdom may here- vnicn would overthrow the Consti- after provide for, so far as depends unon e 1T:V1 rlearest!,f tsa 'an. my action as Executive shall be faithfully acle her with the fetters of oppression, executed. - To such a Union she owes no allegiance. I In a State like ours, where the popular Aolemnsenseofpubhc duty impels me! voice directs and govern public affairs, to .declare that the encroachments of the education is a subject of general and para orthon the domestic institutions of ' mount importance. It is therefore the the South, have already proceeded to the policy of the State to foster and improve farthest allowable point. Entertaining our system of Common Schools, so as to this opinion, I regard it as due to candor answer the laudable and beneficient pur that we should make that tact known, that pose for which it is intended. In 1S25, our brethren at the North maybe fully , an act was passed setting apart certain informed tint "we know our rights, and ' sources of revenue for Common and con knowing, dare maintain them." and that venient Schools, and providing for the .1 they proceed in their aggressions, theV distribution of its proceeds among theseV must expect to meet the consequences, eral counties in proportion to the free In view of all the circumstances, I res-' white population in each, whenever in the pectluliy recommend to the General As- opinion of the Legislature the same had sembly to provide in the event of a con- sufficiently accumulated. This fund did tmgency arising to justify itfor taking not sufficiently accumulate to put into op the necessary steps to maintain the Cm- ration a system of Common Schools, un slitulion of the United Stales and the I til the State received a considerable sum rights of this State; that we may co-operate with such other States as m y deter mine to stand by a Union governed by the compromises of the constitution Pur suing this course, wc shall feel a proud consciousness of the rectitude of our cause, and be justified in the estimation of all impartial minds; and then, if ihc awful calamity must come which God forbid! let the consequences fall upon those whose madness and fol.y have provoked it. That the rights of the State ma) be res pected, the Constitution preserved, and the Union, according to the Constitution, peipetuated, is my ardent wish; ami the Legislature and the people of the Slate j may rely upon my hearty co-operation in such measures as mav tend to the con summation of these desirable objects T . ,, , It is well worthy ol consideration , ,. ... wnetner our ponce regulations in relation to plavesand free persons of color are suf ficient; and also, whether the public inter- net ilnoc M r f ronmrn lui'llinr fiirwlil i.m n ,,1 . " ujuru eueciuaiiy rnstire ine appn nensio!) and conviction of persons who endeavot to excite slaves to tebrMion or it.surrer tion,or who kidnap or persuade them to leave their owners, and more especially in cases where such oflendcrs flee to oilier States. A judicious system of Infernal Im provements by the ta!e has ever been regarded as an object of importance wor-j lh. rf ill r rnndii!ni ntinii :iml iirt i.'in r f tlw " . . nx . , , ,, 1 , ... n 1,1 i could not fail to add to the wealth and c w i r convenience of all cl isses of our ci citizens, nnd tithe orosneritv of the Slate. There are various obiects which claim the con-! iiloritimi of the I rfishture Feelin" a deep interest in the prosperity of every tho distribution ot the tund lor that pur part of the State, and bt Sieving that the pose. This principle of distribution has, members of the Gene ral Assembly, resi in a commendable spirit of compromise, ding as they do in the various Counties, ( been. time after time settled by Ihe Legis .;n u r.,ltw nwn.rn,! in alvo duo on n si i -! h t u c. Is the a 1. 1 1 o 1 1 1 1 of this q' estion r". i " WVIl.'i-. . 1 pr.tion lo Ihe claims of everv nort on o' provemcnts a large expenditure of money is necessarily required, and it is not to be exnectcd that a Stale can at once emiili cxjjcuo-u nidi a iciv, in all the schemes hemes that arc uesirauIC. ' Works of this description should be , . . 1 rorit to dertaken with clue caution c ' ' V Vrhp SMte toeomnlete them the means of the State to complete tnem. As 1 reneral rule, I think the Legislature As a general rtiic 1 t.iini . t, Ink nnthnri7P.s the construction ot works their practicability anu tne aucquauy '; ivlnoh authorizes the construction o! works orintern.1 Ip-ovcnen, ought, -ot -ho same time, 4o provui : 1 -,;e ntr ihp icte lor raising u; means for their completion VVhPtlier .z. - - . - - i;,;nn of the i.i:- n'.'.nn rr llio rnnr Vreasurv .v!!l justify the State at this' i icujui v j j .llllVi- 4 time in embarking in other and new oo , t : .n..nivnnto on ft it sn. lO W ... . ject. o, nop v :r 7: . liai extent, is a queuuu v.. ... ' p " i to the nrudence and wisdom ol the ben- to the pruuence Iudicious sys- pm Assembly. Ynile a juuiciousss which is - . -.1 4 1 ten. of Internal Improven,n .w means and resources of the State, is aes.r at! vet a wild one, involving the State in a large public 3 3Ulo . - debt without the prospect or a num.. w. adequate advantages to the people, is to All iu..M.i, I . i.i a i T ... T ,,;i5l.1.ii-r, mnln Innc n o-il (tiorofnrn II 15 U JU!I UF dial be deprecated. Such a system denying the fundamental principle for a time at least, paralyze the sPirIt y on which all free governments arebas improvement, and, with it, the prosper! y ouestion embraces no nronosi- of the Slate. ' The laws in lorce - . i u of lutcrnal Improvement already provided for, and such others as! under the deposite act of Cong ess, the most o? which sum, together with stocks belonging to the Stale was transferred to, or invested for, the use of the Liter iry I Fund. The Slate received this deposite from the General Government according lo federal population, and the Assembly of $3C, which transferred these new ac quisitions to the Literary Fund, expressly stipulated that they should be ''subject at all limes to the direction and control of the General Assembly." These accu im- lations have, in the opinion of t lv- Legisla-, ard minors; still they are represented. Hire, sufficiently increased the fund to jus-J Slaves, although property, are persons, lily the commencement of a system of , and subject to legislation in that two-fold Common Schools; and in 1S3Q, an act was ; character. accordingly passed. The act of IS 10 pro- j Every county in the State is interested vided that the next annual income of ihe, l the slave question, and the State should Literary Fund should be divided accord-1 have ui;t one voice, on this important sub inS lo federal population Since that!.!"1 Experience has but too recently time our School laws have been frequent- i ly revised and re-enacted, but every time retaining the principle of diMiibulion nc-; cording to federal population. Human in- genuity can devise no plan for the distri- neacr home to us to array one section bution of this fund that will not operate he State against another, and to de mon. favorably to some counties than to s,ro.v the good feeling, the peace and others Such a result is inseparable from friendship which is so desirable lo culti thc condition cS' the Stale; and it is be- va!c between the various portions of the lieved lhat the present mode if tlislribti- tate? Lei us forget that we are parti tion is, upon the whole, perhaps .as just as " zans, and bury this dangerous element of an Jiiat eo.ild he adopted. i lie diller .: enee in the amount received by the larger . number of counties in the States, whether the distribution he according lo federal or white population, would be very inconsid-j erable. Slaves are owned in every part 'of the State, and each county shares alike in the distribsi'.ion in pronation toils federal population. Fe!eral population lis not made the basis ot education, but ol . . - - ... . never to censer i ne great inconvenience whether, instead of continuing this ng'ila- . jT . ., I l..4,..l i ..-.... i'"", ls lu Ulli;l'u'v r.u .1... .,u. HUH 01 nic oiaiu iiiuaL iuu uuiui, lih m- I . .. . 1 . t 1 . un-!tention may not oc more properiy uircci !ed to the enlargement of.the fund and its :nvesttirent. and to the imnrove- i ment and better regulation of the Schools . 0 1 themselves. , The qucstion of Equal Suffrage has for 1 j ' ,nm,i.,i;Mn rK. sinWnn' , pu -tten.K.n anu 11 is ijciicvcu nun u iuic iiiuiuniy ue ...... : t tile pUUUlC uuuiaiiu ima uiiailLuuuiiai I .a,x , nmnnr this f 'o ... . -I I n 'form. The subject embraces the plain - - proposition whether the right to vote for ,un Caniln elm 1 1 lift pxtpmfpd In sunn npr- - - " - - rr- Houseof rommon,It is not d0llbl. d fa t h votcrs are TUV competent to eu oui u . i exercise the right of Suffrage in choosing -r.u - rAnAMi aui Itnfh liranciiea ut mm vi-iihui ajjcmuiy. nrorfosed to ,d ,pp Inenoois are retuiaieu. aiiu i sui)mu.,",-h""ui"v' "'"""" and extravagant unnhllunon terms of equality at the ballot box, non the ground that if they; enjoyed the auuseitj.isan unjlist e. , upQrl their virtue and intelligence. ntt. rhis quesln proposi- .n.rnni-hon Uio riahts of the land- iu. - i holder, but to extend lo a numerous and meritorious class of our fellow citizens one of the dearest rights of American frt ? men. It is gratifying to know that this question of extending the right of Suffrage has not arrayed the landholders against the non-landholders, for such is the love of liberty and of equality among our peo ple, that both cl isses are found actively co-operating in their efforts to carry out this questional reform. Efforts have been made to connect with this question a change of the basis of representation. I do not think that either justice or p'tblic policy demands such a change. The Con vention of 1835, in a spirit of compromise and concession, adopted taxation as the basis for. the Senate and foderal population as the basis of representation for the Mouse of Commons. The Abolitionists at the North wish to destroy the hasis of federal population upon which vve are represented in Congress Their course on this sub ject is v iewed as dangerous and mischiev ous; and I regard a similar movement in relation to our representation in the State Legislature, however well intended, as fraught with equal mischief and danger The federal basis consists of three fifths of the slaves added to the whole number of free persons. The white basis wool wholly exclude the computation of slave in representation. Persons other than vo ters are properly represented. Although federal population prevails as a basis, ytt slaves do not vote, nor do white females shown us the sad consequences resulting! "Om the agitation ol the slavery question j between the different States of the Union.! Are 1 nese excit mg scenes to be brought agnation, wiin me oeierminau'm to uinie our Ernest exertions to promote the hon- OI 311(1 prosperity of the State. Engraft- inS tho white basis on Equal Suffiage ' would he an indirect, but a most certain a,ul t ffeclual mode of defeating the latter question. 1 his must be obvious lo every lellecling mind. Lqual SuUragc. connect- cd with a change of the bais, must fail; aimmg uy usen, u must pievan. i nis l .. .t - .... L ameuumcni to ine uonsinuiion may oe passed by the present and succeeding Legislatures, and submitted to the people r . r . i i, , i for ratification in Ihc manner provided in . . . . . , the ( constitution, without incurring the . - lhe latter is preferable believed 1I1.IL t i it' C".l-l"?J U Lllia UllilOUIl III that the success of this measure will be ------- nrnmnlpf hv hei n ff submitted and Voted 1 j linnn m on inl.ltpl nilOMtion. without hp- .yi .:-:- 1 , " . mgconnected with any other Constitu- tiofial amendment me election ot Judges ana ji lhc ieyce bv the people, and fc J 1 1 : less than for life, are questions o . , , 1 The election of Judges and Justices of for terms r P ...., ...,.:.u 1 : -.. - - . - -,i.i.. ti, .1 1 ! AMCUIUI V I 1 1 U I C U I Z Ki I 1 1 CI il III UIJ U II 1 1 II 13 j J I . . . 1 . . . . . . . . . 1 to the Constitution that have attracted public attention, to which, I doubt not. 'ou will give that degree of consideration which their importance demands. In conclusion, permit me to remark that the General Assembly may rely upon my hearty co-operation in such measures as may tend to the prosperity and happiness of the people of the State. irac fen berg Medicine. JUST RECEIVED, the Graefenbcrg Sarsaparilla Compound the celebrated Children's Panacea the EyeLotion the health Bitters the Fever and. Ague Pills the Vegetable jPills, and the ftreeu Mountain Vegetable Ointment. For sale by , Geo. Howard. . It is v : I! if : FareReduced. 'jp HE Stage Fare from Rocky Mount to Washington is reduced to $5 or, Prom Rocky Mount to Tarboro Si 50 " " " Sparta N 2 00 " V " Falkland 2 50 - " . " " Greenville 3 00 r " ,? Pactolus 4 00 " " " Washingon 5 00 VJ: " Tarboro' to Sparta 2 00 " " Falkland 1 00 " ' " . " (renvill 2 00 ! t For seats, &c. apply to H. WiswalJ, . Washington Goold Hoyt, Greenville I or to Geo. Howard. Tar&oro9. i;4 ! February 1, 184S. Th Ui tutu 11 iv Is admitted by civilized as well as barbaroud nations to be when fu.l, flowing and perfect, the greatest ornament, and when imperfect or wanting the greatest disadvantage to the personal appear ance f male or female. That Tt i3 a duty to pre serve and beautify it, all will admit. This article '"i-'. . been for more than 20 years used extensively. 1; iasthe testimony of many of the most respect able citizens in this country, who certify to th f c lhat the BAL3I OF COLUMBIA Fir-1, in all cases stops the hair falling out or restores it in most if fallen, and in all cases if lost by Sickness; and keeps olTdandrufT and scurf on intants and adults. Second, perfumes the hair ind preserves it to old age from turning gray. Should always be used at toilette. Third, gives great vigor and rapid growth to the hair, and cau ses it to curl beautifully. Lastly, prevents all filth or its corseuencr on children' heads, and exceeds all other articles for the hair i. quality, quantity and cheapness. Many articles have been started on the reputation of this, and are without merit though tbey have been and -are sold at dou- ble the prices of this balm. The truy haired will find the Indian Hair Dy en,i ..u euttiudi. To Iht hull and lame -Dr. 11 ewes' nerve and bone lini nent is the most effec'ti ii cure, for theu- ! rnatism and contracted cords and muscles For sale by Geo. Howard. - SHicliey's Aitti-rheumaticOil - A certain and speedy Cure for Chronic Rheumatism, Spasms of the Mus cles, Ligaments and Back, and for Sprains, Bruises, and Contusions. .t. THK history of this Invaluable rredicine Is re markable. It has ristn into nrtice, and estab lished a hiih and just 'eputitinn in the region. j ,0f country where it has been tried, ulr.nr. from the surprising and numerous cures it nab euvciea. ; i ne rropneior ur. .amuei luaiey, iiuspuai j Surgeon, on the Island of Portsmouth, North 'Carolina, has used it with unfailing success, both in the hospital, and in his private practice about' 1 . ..... twenty years Durint; that period it has been at- . ' , , I ni r I i f I . 11 I i - e,- j s, - 11 Hie 1 j u;i : - ..11 .1 . : surprising certainty of effected. Unlit very advertised, ru r have its celebrityi Its rmanent, because unfailing cxperii ments alone. The Proprietor encouraged y its eminent success in cases of Chronic liheuma- . . . .1 i I . I I usm, ana y me aavice 01 nis mends, ana ne .i,:m 1 . ..r .win auu, ciciuuicu ujr a utrsiif- iu bav u 101 on :n. ,l. r:.. il poswoie me uenem. 01 u ,M,,,.,t5, now taking measures to make ns woruhrful pio- rerties generally known, All he asks is a fair trial. It is now oflWed to the a icted in the Eastern portion r f vorth Carolina. The pro-. prietcr is perfectly willing to put the rexult of its success or tailure upon its success or tenure, in or ,o cu. eoC ?oic Kiieumausm, or oiner auecuon iur w mtti u.isio ... rtnmmnnJ rA Certificates from hiffhlv respectable sources vuiiiuiciiucui . j like the following, can .be multiplied to almost any extent A few are appended. The following has been politely furnished by that highly esteemed citizen, Col. Joshua Tayloe, of Heauf' county, i C, well known as a val uable member of our State Senate, and present Collector of the Port of Ocracoke, North Caro lina: At the reqnestofDr. Samuel Dudley of Ports mouth North Carolina, I state that sonie years ago one of my sons had a severe and protracted attack of Rheumatism, and by using Ida vAnti Uheutnatic Otl be was relieved. It gives ne great pleasure also to say that be sides thif, ase. I have i?aru ofothcfs wbkcheon viii -re me that thi oil is very vataible incases of Rheumatism !' VOS'HUk T.iYLUE, Washington, Nr (?. Jone 2P, 1818- ; For sale by , : Qeq. Ifqwartf, -il if ? f ryina out works I