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SATURDAY, APRIL 26, 1S51. Touw Officers. On Monday the 7h. inst., John Nor fleet was elected Magistrate of Police and Thomas Macnair, William Norfleet and Robert R. Bridgers, Commissioners forthe town of Tirboro for one year. Small Pox. We regret to learn that five cases of (his loathsome and much dreaded disease have' occurred within a few days past in the town of Washington two of which arc said to be convalescent, and the other three are not considered dangerous. Precautionary measures have been ta ken by the authorities of this place and - Greenviile to prevent its introduction. Fugitive Slaves. The papers generally are filled with minute details of the proceedings in Bos tonkin the case of the fugitive slave Sim, who was arrested and eventually deliver ed to the agent of his owner, Mr. Potter of Georgia. This is the first instance, it is said, of the recapture of a fugitive slave in Massachusetts; and it is confi dently predicted that the fugitive slave Jaw being once enforced in that State, the great obstacle to its successful operation in the non-slaveholding States generally will be removed. We hope it may, but from the tone and temper manifested on the occasion by the abolitionists, and the oid and comfort they received from the State authorities and others, we appre hend that in a short time the law forthe recovery of fugitive slaves will exist merely in name and not in substance, so far as the non-slaveholding Stales are concerned. only have its articles ever been directed against the afore-mentioned abuses; the work has also maintained an unrelenting crusade against the alliance of Church and State, tbu$ virtually seeking to abolish the "Parliamentary Religion" of England, and eventually to remove the still existing remnants of feudalism, which continue to afflict the British nation. It has recently become the medium through which Cob den promulgates his Free-trade doctrines whtoh will give it increased interest to the numerous admirers, here and else- - - where, of that great Reformer. In many particulars, the Westminister Review es pouses a political faith closely allied to thatof our own country; and therefore wc may, without any extiaordinary effort of charity, be induced to cherish it as an ex otic worthy of being engrafted into our more genial soil. It has recently been united with the Foreign Quarterly Re view, the more attractive features of the two Reviews being now combined in the Westminister, and thus adding greatly to its value as a literary periodical. - i . V . l "tr' civ Oncned her . . ::-jr Y .u - Vr TUnfnrt for we Sound, a charter lor tms puipuae ' JC3 na-:fik it 13 different tviih us 01 xieauiori, ior vvi vm. i r hiishaml 1 .. -nru . ------ - m m m . I rwtCltf-ktai WA II " " 1 UC i I If Iff.-. hppn prantea dv me iasi ,icrwiiuic -- o - - .... has no doubt but that ten thousand dollars, the amount necessary for the organization of the Company, will be made up. can hardly cast our eyes in any direction, without seeing the greatest natural advan tages for rendering this the greatest .agri cultural county in the State. But we lay 1 17 ir.xtn nnr hnpkft and sav we can t Bank of Washington. We learn from the Goldsboio' Repub lican that the Stockholder of this Bank held a meeting at Washington on the 14th instant, at which the following gentlemen were chosen Directors Messrs. George II. Brown, Bcnj. J. Parmelcc, Jas. K. Hoyt, S. P. Allen, and Jos. Pott, of Washington, and Thos. Ilanrahan and Chas. Green, of Greenville. Mr. Potts declining to serve as a Director, Mr. Wm. Rumley was chosen in his place. At a meeting of the Directors, Jas. E Iloyt, Esq. was chosen President. The Bank will commence operations so soon as the Notes shall be printed FOR THE T RB0R0' TRESS supinely upon our backs and say though man is altogether a creature of ne- rpssitv. nnrl time has now - arrived when farming is the only resource left us. It has been a matter of much surprise to us, that both our General and State gov ernments have done so little for the ad vancement of the science of agriculture. We see that session after session our Con gress makes appropriation after appropri ation for the advancement-of our manmac turing and commercial interests, but noth ing is done for the farmer, upon whom all of every other trade and profession are in a great measure denendent. It is the same - i case with our State governments general ly. We noticed that an effort was made at the last session of the Legislature of New Jersey, to obtain an appropriation o! 5,000, to establish a State Agriculture or Chemist. But there were other appro prialions to be made and 35,000, could not be ihrovvn away upon the farming in terest of the State. This refusal was done too, in the face of a petition signed by 1,000 of her citizens, and 3,000 of those farmers, who even many of them quit their homes and went to the seat of gov crnmcnt to entreat their representatives to pass the bill. How different, are such things managed in England, where agriculture is looked upon as a science and has arrived at a great degree of perfection. 'During the last session of Parliament the sum of 10,000,000, was placed at the disposal of commissioners to loan it to ip plicants on the following terms: The form of the applicant is first valued, and then a loan is nade to him on mortgage, to be applied to underdraining his laud under the inspection of the commissioners The mortgage is only active? on the increased value of the farm by underdrainage. The borrower is required to pay 5 per cent, interest, payable annually, and 5 per cent of the principal and thus in 20 years both principal and interest u ill be paid off; aim the first instance has not yet occurred where the increased products of the laiui have net been sufficiently great to enable : the occupant to meet these payments. Should the borrower fail to meet the re- New York with l.i " .arnU (P39 Edmund Martin, a free negro, was &th inst. Cotton had dccli I 'W convicted at the last Superior Court of am! a concession of !. 80mb hForsyth county, of stealing a slave, the ; submitted to on Bacon Iln8 per Cn properly oi u.w. ornim -oi. ua Vinson county, and sentenced to- be hung. He took an appeal to the Supreme Court. me some walor r The steamship pacific hag Newberti -Market, j r)Yilu Turpentine --The River i K eood boating order ami .u. turpentine for the past tio-.daygh ?f more than for a week orYwo """ We hear of sales at $2 20 for r- 45 for Scrape, though-most of the H- "l lers refuse to buy at these prices .wi-ipta ouice our Bacon this article has advanced-' From the IVarrtnton News. (QSometime since we published an article staling that, wc have not a drunk ard nor loafer in Warrenton, which was copied in several papers under the caption of A Model Town." Every citizen of Warrenton we hope felt proud, not that ! 0f hams at 10& to 11 the fact had gone abroad so extensively, but proud of the consciousness that the report was founded in truth. Asa furth or evidence ot the peaceable disposition of our citizens and their punctuality ii business transactions, we make, with much pleasure, the following statement: fhat at the present session of the Supe rior Court for "this County, there was but two cases on the State docket, in neither of which the parties were convicted; ond there was not a single case on the civil Docket. Heat that if you can. We challenge every county of every State in the Union. sata cents hn-r no' round 9 to 10 cents. Iard is scarce & wanted, 10.$ i0 n S8 lrpoorGro Salt, for sale low by vv w , o,W WILLAHD Washington, 21st April, i85i. Godey's Lady's Boole. The May No of this truly interesting publication, far excels any thing of theare faSl sPrci4JinK over kind we have ever seen. The engravings ! are splendid, and the tales entertaining, instructive, and humorous. The enter prizing publisher richly merits the flat tcring and increasing patronage bestowed on him, which will doubtless stimulate him to renewed and increased exertion. "After June 30, the postage on the La dy's Book will only be 2 cents for 500 jniles, and 4 cents for 1500 miles. Per sons who wish the Lady's Book, will re ceive some two weeks earlier than from Dealer- by subscribing directly to the Publisher in Philadelphia and the post age now is no object. ,? Elmwood, Beaufort county. Ar. C. April 12 th. 16c" I. Mn Editor: We saw with much plea sure in the last number of your paper, a ronv of the Constitution and Bv-Laws of the Edgecombe Agricultural Society. Thc q"rementsof the morlge, then the farm many and great improvements which have l,e stl m bcfore he government been madein (arming in old Edgecon.be, Cl, IU"lre Y V ihc amount OUT State. She 1 IUWUIU UIU "4"'auuii ui iuuh uiungr, . l . i hr, ..nJnfna n..t a ihf firsl rnnnt v to Im- mun lK,' u,u "U'ivCr uiu awake from the long lethargy which our,amoanl at w,lieh ,he farm was va!ucJ be whole State has hitherto been under the ,u,u u,me,ura,ntu5 anu lu,, cxlu Prom the Goldsboro' Republican, Greenville Plank Road. We learn that the grading on this road has been commenced, and that the first ground was broken on Monday the 7th instant. The Company are giving 12 J per month for negro men, the owners finding them with ev ery thing. From the Goldsboro Patriot. Attempt to Break Jail. We learn from ihe New Bernian,that 3 prisoner?. Hen ry Brown, Henry Bryan and John Tighl man, attempted to make their escape on Wednesday night the 2nd inst. by break ing Jail. They were detected and placed in irons. Brown and Bryan are charged with Burglary and Larceny. Tighlman uvaits the final sentence of the la.v forthe murder of his Uncle, of which he was convicted at the Fall Term of Craven Su perior Court, and from the sentence of which he appealed, in vain, to the Su preme Court. Jl Singular Case. A young South- influence of; and we see no stronger reas- "ence has established that undcrdrained ; erner who is suspected of having African oh why she should have been the fir.t to farms W,U a,wa3'9 80,1 fo1 mre ,or Indian blood, for which he was corn take steps towards scientific farming, thin C05t of underdraining added to commis-i pellcd to leave the New York Medical the one which we are about to advance. "er's Valuations " University, lately, has sued out a manda- It is a fact generally kno wn through-1 i:-Now look at lhe Pos,,ion of aI1 the pw-jmus, directed to the Professors, requiring out our State, that the older farmers of Ucs at lhc e,lti of 20 'ears- The owner of , them to show cause why they refuse to Edgecombe have generally been wealthy the Ia"d huv,nS Pa,d off lhe mortgage j allow him to finish his studies men. and they have appropriated a liberal irom crea products, is as mucn richer as me vaineoi me improvement; wnueine British. Periodicals. We would again call the attention of Our readers to the Prospectus of these po pular works, which will be found on our first p igc, and copies of which can be seen at this office. Among them is THE WESTMINSTER REVIEW. This able Journal was established under the patronage and support of the ultra liberals, so styled, of the British House of Commons; amog whom Roebuck, Mill, Bowring, Professor Long of the London University, Miss Marlineau, and others whose names need not be quoted, conspic uously figured. It was for some yeais under the editorial supervision of Jeremy Bern ham, rom which fact it obtained the souorwe of the mouth-piece of Bentham ism. i iiis work has ever been especially devoted to the great topics which interest the mass of the people: its pages have been rife, it will be remembered, with a serjes of powerful articles, tending to the reduction of Tory and exclusive privileg es, hereditary rights, kingly prerogatives, &c. The astounding developments made a few years since, respecting the wretched nd, till then, unheard 6t honors of some branches of the mining population of En.r. share of their wealth towards (he education of their sons And whe their sons have government have been repaid and the arrived at the years of manhood, lhey wealth of the nation has been increased have given them a fair start in the pur- eQ-ual 10 tbe increased amount of products, suit which they folloxved before them,! Suppose our government was to pursue So it is, that these great improvements arc t,ns course "wards our til,ers of the soilJ being made by the younger farmers who! e arc sure lhat !t woM 'OG a much bet in addition to the practical experience of tcr expenditure of the public money than their fathers, are able to bring science to manv which have been made. Bat we " f.l Ml 11... their aid in elevating the farmer to that Iear mat ycars wm Pass Dy DeIore any standard which ho should and ouht to oc- thinK oflhe sort ' done in our Union; cupy. They have been taught the analy- j lhouSh e believe it will ultimately be the sis of soils and plants; they have learned ; case" A,ul lhis time wil! not come until that a certain number of organic and in-! morc altenlion is Paid to education. Our organic constituents are requisite in a soil! common scho1 ylem will have to im to produce eood cions, and where there ! Provc 8rc?ly over the whole land. The f hrA iiilarmcrs are called kthe bone and sinew of make ready to supply it. the Iam,, and one would suppose them to This spirit of improvement which is' be s,,cn' wnen we see tna tht T uslAnd ev spread abroad in Edgecombe, is gradually j er' thin antl to mjH too " uv tne oy, Mr. iuitor, we have gotten up an Agricultural Society in our county, making its way to the eastward. In Pitt county, we have noticed considerable im provcincnts; the farmers there are begin-iaucI some few seem t0 lake an interest in ing to find out manv thinsrs which for years have been in hidden mystery. And shall we venture to say, that even the farmers of old Beaufort are begining to feel concerned about their farming inter est. They now begin to enquire how these Edgecombe men can buy- shells from lhe Island of Portsmouth, and carry them up near Tarboro' and reap any profit from them after paying expenses. Theyalso wonder how these farmers can ship plas ter from New York, and pay larger freights than what we do here, and still make money by the process. But this is the secret Edgecombe farmers are a searching and enquiring people, and where by their industry and application they find out any way to save labor and in- firat nnai - "case their crops, they at once go to work, rt w. 41fc ,w jujjj. -UlanJ avail themselves of these means. Put it; and we do hope that it will continue to enlarge, and that before a year is gone, we shall have a large accession to our num ber. J. (J"Dr. Shaw, who was nominated by the Democratic Convention in Gatesville, as a candidate for Congress in opposition to Mr. Outlaw, declines to accept the nomination. (jPThe steamer Aleck Scott, from New Orleans, landed 410 English Mor mon emigrants at St. Louis on the 25th ult. They immediately departed for the Salt Lake City in company with others of the same failh who had been waiting their arrival at St. Louis. (jQThe slave Mimaf who was tried at last Term of Johnson Superior Court, on the charge of having murdered her master Will iam Smith, was acquitted. .Standard. (y'Six thousand dollars, says the Wil mington Journal, has been subscribed in that town, for the construction of a plank road to the borders of Qnalpw, qq Topsail Great Excitement in Milwaukie. Milwaukie, April 11. The Rev. Mr. Lahy, the Monk of La Trappe, was ad vertised to lecture last Sunday evening in the Methodist t'hurch, and a very large congregation assembled to hear him. He had spoken over five minutes when there was a mob at the door, and a gang of men came in with clubs, while others tore off the rails from the pews, and laid about them with great Violence. Several per sons were struck in the head and badly injured. Pews were torn down, chande liers smashed, and the shouts of the riot ers and sctcarns of the females were fear ful. The audience gradually got out of the windows and doors. Some few persons stood around the speaker and protected him. The Mayor commanded peace, and promised that Mr. Lahey should leave the town in the morning. The crowd did not disperse until a late hour and many persons - followed the speaker and his escort to the hotel, break ing with brickbats some of the windows. A Singular Case. A lady in Cam bridge (Mass.) died on Wednesday last so the physicians said and was laid out for burial in her winding sheets, b-it from the fact that the body still retained an ap parent warmth though there was not the slightest appearance of respiration, inter ment was suspended. On Sunday the la- Hhds new crop Molasses nf LI.I. I. . ' -4o uuis ciarmcu .Sugar 10 hhds P. R. do 1 200 bbls Flour, various grades 80 bags Rio and LaguayraCoffo, 5 bbls mess Pork, 30 boxes Tobacco, 25 bbls Irish Potatoes, 150 kegs Nails, 10 bbls Copperas, 80 bbls Whiskev, Just received per sch'nrs Ann C.Bake? and Osceola, for sale by W. H. WILLARD. April 21st, 1851. Notice. - THE subscriber being well prepared toda A 1 OKU Aaoix; Ind Commission Business : IN THE TOWN OF WASHINGTON, respectfully solicits the patronage of the public in Tarboro', its.yicinity.and Edge cambe co. generally. He has ample and safe room for the storage of Naval Stores, Grain, and other product; his charges are moderate and quick dispatch invariably given to all business entrusted to his di rection. REFERENCES. Macnair & Brother, Tarboro' N. Tr William Bernard, Greenville, Eli Hoyt, Washington, N. C, George H. Brown & Brother, Washington, 13. J. Parmelee, Washington, N C, Hon. Judge Manly, Newbern, N. C, I. A Stanly. Wiiming ton, N. C, Wm Brce&Co, N.ivYork, Bateman & Ruddcrow, do. Mali"! & Paul min, do. L. J. LA BARB R. Washington, N. C, April 18. 1851. Ladies' Fair THE FAIR of th? Methodist Benevo lent Society of Greenville, will ommence on Monday the 3th Ma next, and contin ue during the session of the Court April 7, 1851. TEETH! II 1 MS ft on. IP. M) &i WOULD respectfully make knownto theTitizens of Tarborouh and vicinity, that he hopes' to see them in due time Being known, he deems h unnecessary to say anything more than to congratulate those who have been unfortunate (witv these priceless ornaments,) upon ny improvements recently introduced their relief. . ' Communications left for, or directed him before, or immediately after arriw.i will be promptly attended to. March, 1851. .iIsw'h if Bull ri"5 for s3c TftABAT FOR SALE. THE subscriber desirous q, his Slaves to the South, offers the Farm known as CONTAINING FBOSl 1 0OO to 1 500 AC 'BE. A particular description of the is unnecessary, as no one will Pu without examining for himself. y IV F. DAcl' Tarborough, Jon. 27, 1551.