(vc Ya. 12 S3'.
2Vrr6oroMsri, Edgecombe Counts;, .!. V.' Saturday 9 Jtlay 21 I S3 1.
B .4 ?!
BY GEORGE HGWARD,
js published weekly at Two Dollars per year
jj.)jiJ in advance or, Two Poilaks and Fiftf
t'icNT3 at the expiration of the subscription year.
Jvcrtiscments not exceeding a square will be
, , .orlcJ atOxic Dollar the first insertion, and 25
Cents for every succeeding one. Longer ones at
ji;it rate per square. Court Orders and Judicial
v,rtisfn)ents 25 per cent, higher.
iro.vi Delegates of the SuiithzDi
Iiifhh Associations of South Caro
lina, assembled in Charleston to the.
Southern lights Associations of the
olher Southern Stales.
Having met to take roundel together,
and having agreed upon that course which
tve think it right and necessary to pursue, j
tve wish to lay before you the consitlera-j
lions by which we have been governed,
with 'hat frankness which our respect for:
3 fc !V
- - - U - t
you, and our desire to merit your good selves from our natural friends and allies,
opinion, require. j have made up our minds. We cannot
We regard the position of the Southern submit, we know that South Carolina en
Shtos in this Confederacy as degraded and tcrcd the Confederacy as a sovereign and
riinous The manifest tendency of those independent State, and that having been
systematic aggressions which they have wronged, she has the perfect right to
suffered for many years past, is to subvert withdraw from it. Ilcr sons must cxer
the institution of slavery If those acts cise the right and meet the consequences,
of hostile domination, which have been If no other State will join us in relieving
rendered more insulting by mockery of ourselves from tho wrongs already inflict
hngiage. under the term of a -Comprom- cd, we sec no hope in waiting for new out
ise, were final in their nature, and were ' rages to arouse a higher spirit of resis
not to be followed by any further aggres- tancc. The new outrages, we are well
sions. we should still regard them as out- convinced, will come in due time; but wc
r.ies. to whMi sovereign States, possess
:nsj the spirit of freedom, ought never to
submit Hut those measures only form heaped upon his head. On the contrary,
part of a system, gradually commenced, I we se that the South has already borne
steadily carried forward, gathering w hat it would not for a moment have suh
strenjTih from development, and proceed- milled to ten wars ago, and what the
Jag with fjtal momentum to its end That North would not then have ventured to
end is tho ab jlition of negro slavery in perpetrate. Wc arc not willing to try
the Southern States, and the lowering of the experiment how long it will be before
thf! frfp wMto nnnnUtmn gf ihn Slnnfti i o our sm'rit is enmnlctelv broken, bv ?rra lu-
l!e same level with that agrari in rabble,
-' ' - M KUV UV'WU III I llill ... Ill- .wuvif IV
'Hieh, already strong and dangerous,
ems destined, before very Ions:, to be
controlling power in the Northern
Slates We see no remedy and no safety
fcrthe South in the present Union. But
? .1 . .t i-rr f
" miow mar in inis wc oiuer nom very i
many citizens of the other Southern
totes, spirited and intelligent, having the
h. . . . n- 1 .1
interests, anu suuenng unuer me
r,s!i the hope that the rights of the
(i- t .. ,m . . i
i- mis amerencn. u uocs noi ot-
s to assume to dictate, and we hope
'-.I from that eharSe. Up .,to this
'Mhe citizens of South Carolina, aware
v.. ... . .... . . .
peculiarity of polttical position, ai is-
's h-OTi plst events, rendered a certain
rrvc on their part prudent and proper. ,
... r - .
oL'llllOUMy ilVUIUUU UVC1 V Illlli:
'm"i;!it look like
&I JDUUII1I1L tnvy liU'l
aeciiminiT in on
. 1 l i
:k,i t. t 4i .",:i,!,;iiu,.;npf,r il,n mnt miserable fate
s . . . . , . i
s'it k.- in, w..-,r, ttn. .nf
Ii oped that they might find leaders
1,1 )ii;er States, whom they might follow
11 !i-!onf:e of the common cause. When
Hunt Commonwealth of Virginia,
)! ');)f r le uler of the South, declared
'ici ":rrnation to resist,. at all hazards
l; !ifj hist extremity, hostile measures
i,rj;i direatoneil, South Carolina, with all
"iP1i!y. stood ready to support Virginia
-1 ( t ying out her high resolution. When
'c; -whose former resistance to
';J" -stnaa, Troup, gave promise
lK firmness in any contest in which
ma;ht cn-r.ine nroclaimcd her deter
li;,,0n to m:.lff. n stnnrt fnr tbf rifrhtS O'
- 0'-Uh, South Carol ina rejoiced at the
''"ct of rallying .under the banser of
And when her vounrr Ar.d r.il.
i,nf . ...... - o
r 7 1 1 ' Proposca me wise
purpose let endeavoring to unite the South-
ero States in maintaining their constitu
tonal rights and at the same time preserv-
ing, if possible, the existing Union, South
Carolina heartily entered into this meas-
are; and she has carried out the recom- be destroyed, without the loss of their
mcndationofthe Convention so assem- sovereignty by all the others We aro a
bled at the instance of Mississippi, by ware of the responsibility of doinr an act
providing for the election of delegates to .which may hasten these consequences
a Southern Congress, to whose meeting" We fee! the respect which we owe to
sbo still looks vvrt-h anxious interest. States having a common interest, threat-
In ad these proceedings, we think that ened by a common danger, but not equal
the ctizens of South Carolina have evinc- ly persuaded with ourselves of the neces
ed all proper anxiety to avoid the appear- sity of action. And nothing would induce
ancc of arrogance or dictation, to act in ; us to take, without their concurrent
concert with the citizens of the other
Southern States, and to do nothing sepa-
ralely or precipitately. And now, strong-i
ly as we have expressed onr belief that !
there is no hope for the South in the ex-!
istmg Union, wc arc prepared to give a j
...u.. ' y um ingoou laun, to any etlc-
tual plan wjiieh may be proposed by any
sister State, of the South, for obtaining re
dress for the past ami security for the fu
rore, without a dissolution of the existing
Union, if there be a possibility of such a
But we find ourselves forced to consid
er the ulterior question, what we are to
do, if we find that there is no reasonable
hope of the co-operation of my other
Southern State in any effectual plan of re
lief, and the alternative is presented to us,
of submitting, or of acting by ourselves
And. reluctant as we are to separate our
feel no assurance that the spirit of the vas
sal will rise in proportion to indignities !
ally and continually 3 iolding to slov and j
" - I - - - - i J r .' r
-gradual but unceasing encroachments.
And if the exercise of the right of seees-
sion is to be followed by the attempt on:
the part of the Government of this Con-j
federacy to subjugate South Carolina, it !
i,.n(i,. ... o!...m tii.it .f forvir-;
uciun ui.n r.uu.- u..t. 4
while we still h.ve some power of rcsis j
tance left. If wc arc to submit to the:aimp'y 00 uiuci wmtiiu.i .ii.m. n.eii ,
1 : . -r 1 t.:.,i,
ronoiuon ui iifuiKjuuai ;
it lr (il,nhnr:,h p not to ( o -o until wp
hive first been conquered. Ana it any-
to t-ny ' - ei
iicnevc cx.ms lor a v.unu.va, ,rum u.U;
ii :...... 1. 1 u .v, c
csius umu.i, u - i
the riRht ofseec.sion. For the denial of,
that rif-hl indicates of itself extreme dan -
Ser. The rifiht of secession has hereto-,
..... i i
loie, and in belter nays, ucen rcgaiueu as,t
unquestionable by all aouincrn poiuicians,
with the exception of an inconsiderable j
ufrtaN,t.,i!nn;Sf And if pver
.1 i-. .' , ;
liumuil U" - - - - - - - ,
111.11 r ll P.in I1K tltMllCll niinuui uiuuami:
.1 i I . f .1 .?i.l in i 4 K m i t AUnnoi r. If
li'HV . . . -.- . v f
. . .
South to sustain it. the !
i t. i i r n nnn t It
uirh tins ftvpr belallen anv neonte. 11
will then, as a permanent sectional minon- ll" -
tv. have no defence, against the tyranny can be charged toward, them, borer,
of a Government comhinin? all the vices eiSns are equals In seceding alone. South
of the corrupted democracy and the most , Carolina would he plae.ng her sister
oppressive foreiKn despotism. States South under no constraint. If .hey
We know the consequences which will should find thenue . vea in a posmon of
follow a failure in our effort to maintain constraint it would eome from the action
our liberty. We see clearly that a trl-lof the Federal Government not of South
nmphant exertion of the power of thoj Carolina But ,f they should ins.st anon
Federal Government, in subjugating a her refiaimng from the exercise ot he
State will vastly inerease that power.and riSht. and subm.ttmg to a condition wh.ch
- e "cofarafo the change, already far .she regards as tntolerable they would
To V. ced Souderalive system into a make themselves parties with the Federal
ron.olid.led central despotism. We see, Government, ,n placing an un.ustinable
,lso, that South Carolina' will not mr,ZTt
. u Wc wish that the necessrtv tor separate
,!,c consequences of this change J,on South Carolina, which we have
,nt that the rest of the Southern St as mav & We C(Jn.
must suffer in .an equal degree. They i contempt , .
. . i
ivlll n r ...
'.auuu saiuuru yg;iinsi tne teniral
Uovernment, .strengthened by crushing
opposition, and rendered, by triumphant
force, what our Northern enemies hove
long been endeavoring to make it by
fraudulent usurpation-the supreme Gov
eminent of a consolidated nation. The
sovereign! v nf nr. Snnihom .
course which is to involve them in its
consciences; but a thorough conviction
of the necessity which urges us, and of our
right to do so.
Addressing citizens of Southern States,
associated to maintain the rights of the
5outhf wc cannot imagine it to be necessa
ry to argue about the right of secession.
We hold it to be the great Stale right,
without which all others are nugatory and j
incapable of being enforced; and your po
sition assures us that your faith cannot be
different from ours.
Nor can we regard it as necessary any
farther to discuss the wrongs which have
been inflicted on the Southern States.
They may be denied by those who shut
their eyes to them, but you do not bvlong
to that class
Southern and State Rights ;
mcn may differ as to the necessity of ex- cral counties of the State as early as prac
ercising the right of secession at a partic- ticable. The fact that the last Legislature
u!ar lime, en account of those wrongs, j directed that a number of the acts should
But as certainly as the right exists, each,' he bound in leather, and also the fact that
State must possess the right of judging for; they make a volume of double the num
hcrself, as to the occasion and rime for its; her of pages that they have ever hercto
exercise. If South Carolina decides that j fore made, have necessarily delayed the
honor and safety rcquiio her to secede,
she h;s the right to leave the Confederacy
peaceably and without molestation. If
the act of secession is not permitted to be,
peaceable, it will l e from usurpation of;
power by the Federal Government, not
from the nature of ihe act performed by !
South Carolina. Accustomed as wc have
been to violations of the Constitution, and
of the rights of the Southern Stales by the
ederal dovcrnment. we have to look !
forward to the probability of another out-
rage by that Government, in the attempt j
to force the St,te to remain in the Union.
We suppose the attempt will be made, if
the other Southern States permit it.
Those States must decide for themselves
whether they will permit it. South Car
olina must decide for herself whether it is
necessary to secede. Her sister States of j
the South will have no right to
that, she forces them into a position where
they must either interpose to prevent her
subjugation, or, by consenting to it,a-
bandon their own sovereignty, and lay
themselves at the merev of a desnotie
in seccfimc:, rumm uaroirna win
who bniievc in the existence of State ;
riuiiis ai an, irusi aumu ma- sue nas u.
ue, at . .ft ' - -;
. - . 1 tt
- f - '-.rjuUb In he Virg;ia Convention,
0 -- r, - - - :
inn. as she would have to act. if none of
, c". , c ,. c. , . .
.he olher Southern Sates were in ex,s-;
tence, and she were he only o hject ofag-.
sress.on by the Northern States and the
irotf.rol llnvornment. S!ir is not. nnstver-
. - -
aI n tn.f 1 iiurririi inns nnr i is en.
which may be committed against her.
And for her sister States of the South to
ask of her to refrain from an exercise of
... 1 i ,1
ft"'' 'vll,c,, " itgiviouo iiiuiouuciuuiu
I l --l..i I'tin rn ffri a ro tnHicnonanhla
for self-preservation, would be an inter
ference with her free action of a fardif-
r t nlnfnnlpr from nnv with vx;riiph slip
fide in the gallant spirits whom we ad
dress. There may be some hope of the
assembling of a Southern Congress, to de
vise measures of redress and relief, upon
which some of the injured Stated may u
nite. We have heretofore been willing
to sacrifice much for Southern Union.
We si ill are. We do not desire to lead,
but to follow. Propose any effectual
measures for vindicating our common
rights, and providing for our common safe
ty, and we will heartily unite with you in
carrying them out. We should regret
most deeply to incur the censure of friends,
with whom we have the strongest desire
to act in concert. But we feel a deep
conviction that we have not acted hereto
fore with any precipitation, and that we
are in theright in the determination which
we have formed. The self-abasement of
submission, appears to us unworthy of
men still pretending to be free. The
gloomy prospect of inevitable ruin, to fol
low submission, appears to us more for
midable than any dangers to be encoun
tered in contending alone, against whatev-
cr odds, for our rights We have come
to the deliberate conclusion, that if it be
our fate to be left alone in the struggle,
alone we must vindicate our liberty by
From the Raleigh Star.
Acts of the. 'Assembly. The acts and
resolutions of the last Legislature are now
printed and will be dispatched to the sev-
completion of them a few days later than:
The whole number of acts passed by
the Legislature, is 351; public resolutions
20; private resolutions 54; making in all
431 acts and resolutions. They make a
hook ofS50 pages, and, with the appen-
dix, one of upwards of 900 pages.
Pardonf-rr'The President of the United
States has pardoned Thomas H. Burge,
who has been confined in Jail in this City
for some time past, and had been scnten-
ced to an imprisonment of ten years, for
robbing the .mail' in Granville county,
some time during the last year ib.
jJjBeverly Rash was convicted, at the!
late term of the Superior Court for Cab
, Jh rnlird f his wif
. mP' amj.Mary Kasdi. He took an appeal to the
c n -a
Supreme Court. 10,
The Fisheries -The Old North State
Says: most of the Fsheries on Albemarle'
:t 1 k..,..
: ! ! 'in.
ou,,iii: illlli LU II M UUU1 W rtlC a. 11.1 VU UUIIC A
vr v 1 1 n 1 rn. 1 iiin 1 u mm.
; . th,n !
1 ue num-
-rp. a w;o ?n n
one Drmin Baltimore had. in
' lJlcu .
; ten vears. amassed a fortune or 8250.000
. lers to the We3-
R d Qhi A .
35.000 for carrvinc oysters alone. ib.
- Affray at the University oj Virginia.
We understand the students at the Uni
versity have been thrown into a terrible
excitement by a difficulty between some
of them and one of the Professors. It
seems that a party of them, panting for a
little sport, rode the hoisesof this Profes
sor almost to death; painted them white
and turned them loose in the mountains
near the College. The Professor suspect
ing a student of the deed, had him arrested
and sent to jail; but he proved his inno
cenceand was released; whereupon the
students became awfully exasperated.
Some others were suspected, and whilst
the sheriff was endeavoring to arrest them,
he received a cut with a bowie-knife
They were apprehended, however, and
sent to jail, but the students marched down
in a body and liberated them. We are in
formed that the excitement against thi
Professor (of Modern Languages) is tre
mendous. Petersburg Democrat.
Ship Load oj Elephants. The ba'rk
Regatta arrived here yesterday from In
dia, freighted with nine living elephants,
a zebu, or Burmese bull, sixteen enormous
serpents, including a brace of boa con
strictors of 24 and 16 feet in length, a
wilderness of monkeys, the fretted porcu
pine, and other live varmints, ali con
signed to Messrs. P. T. Barnum and Seth
B. Howes, intended for Jjic great Muse urn
Caravan to be exhibited in Newark on
Tuesday, the 6th. One of the most curi
ous features of this Noah's Ark collection
is a call elephant, about nine months old,
and weaned from its dam on the nassa&e
from Ceylon, being but three feet high,
and as docile and playful as a kitten. A-
nother is one of the native chiefs of Cey
lon, who accompanies the show in charge
of the elephants.
This enterprise, the greatest, probably,
since the days of the Flood, has been con
ducted and brought to a successful issue by
Messrs. Stebbins, June and Ceo. Nutter,
The elephants were hunted and caughr in
their native jungles by Messrs. June and
Nutter, assompanied by 160 of the natives.
Their capture was effected by driving
250 of them into a kraul or rude pen,
constructed in the jungle, of which they
succeeded in securing thirteen two hav
ing died on Ihe passage and another being
stolen from the drove. The Regatta hs
made her passage home 13.000 miles)
stopping at the Cape of Good Hop and
the Island of St. Helena, in 112 days.
The elephant hunters were three months
and four days in the jungles before they
effected their object. N. Y. Tribune.
Sad Aeeidtnt. Master William D.
Cause, in his 19lh year, son of Mr. Thom
as F. Gause, of this town, was shot by
' the accidental discharge of a gun, on
Tuesday last. He was on a visit to his
uncle, Mr. Benj. Gause in Marion District
S. C. While out with a friend, he altemnt-
ed to cross a log, with fishing rods, and a
gun, and his foot slipping, he fell, and the
gun was discharged, the contents entering
his head and killinghim Instantly.
Bacon and Lard
FOR SALE at the store of
J J. Pippcn $ Son.
Tarboro' June 13.
Flake and Scrape
TURPENTINE makers, desirous of
contracting for the above named articles,
will find it to their interest to call on, or
communicate with the undersigned
IV M, II. IV ILL All D.
Washington, N. C, Oct. 1st, 1850.
A FRESH SUPPLY OP
Balm of Columbia, for preserving and
restoring the hair.
Kolmstock's Vermifuge, for destroying
Bartholomew's Pink Syrup, for coughs
Lin's Balm of China, for diseases that
require external application.
Spohn's headache remedy, for sick hesd
ache and disordered stomach.
Lin's patent strengthening Plasters, for
weakness and lameness.
Connel's and Dalley's magical pain ex
tractor. Mrs. Brown's Pain killer, to be used
externally and internally. .
Longlcy's great Western panacea.
Hewcs' nerve and bone Liniment, for
the cure of chronic rheumatism Sac.
Hay's Liniment for the Piles.
Oil of Tannin- stove varnish, &c.
For sals by Geo. Howard.
' " v.
The true digest ire fin id . or ,
For sa;le by Geo Il&vxtrtt.
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