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tST This Departtnent is devoted eapecialy to the interests of Agriculture. Contributions from Farmers art respeetfuUy solicited. From Edgecombe. Editor State A gricxilhtral Journal : Dear Sir I notice in a recent issne of your invaluable journal, an exhortation to young men, advising them to "stay on the farm." Such advise could not have possibly been more appropiate at any time than at present, for with the present ex tensive diffusion of education and refinement generally, there seems to have been created a universal dislike for agriculture aud, espec ialy so with the youth, who are ap parently imbued with the idea that in the pursuit of agriculture there is not enough intellect and acute judgment required to bring into ac tion and to utilize the great acumen which many beleive they possess. If any labor under this ridiculous opinion you will concur with me in the assertion that they are, in the highest sense of the word, mistaken. As every one who has ever given the matter any thought must be convinced that the successful pur suit of sericulture requires the same amount of judgment that many of less importance reauire; ana tnai all the scientific and intellectual at tainments that we may have acquis red, find in the farmer's sphere an ample scope in which to enlarge and improve themselves, as wen as an opportunity of being of honora-- ble avail. The young man, there fore, who tears himself heedlesly from the dear old farm upon which he has been reared, and launches out on life's broad ocean in quest of wealth, honor and fame, but who avoids agriculture's furrowed fields as if it were some tearful, rocky strand, whereon his bark may be forever grounded, commits an un pardonable blunder. If the com' plaint be made that farming is too much attention, I ask you to show me any vocation that you can bo successful with, unless attention is given. For it seems to be an in exorable fiat cf fate that without diligence there cannot be success And the negligence to recognise that important truth accounts very sat isfactory to our minds tor the nu merous failures which are almost daily announced. Let the young men turn their unwavering atten tion to the farm, and prosperity will not be long in returning to our country. Edgecombe. Tarboro, April 21. The Cotton Supply. The tot&l receipts of cot;on at the ports from the 1st of September, 1874, to the X4th of April, 1875, were 3, 84,706 bales, and for the correspond ing period of last year, 3,545,715 bales. This shows a decrease in re ceipts thus far iu 1875 of 260,909 bales. The total shipments to foreign pjrts from the 1st of September, 1874, to the present date, amount to but 2,225,239 bales, against 2,424,216 bales for the same period of last year, showing a decrease iu exports of 193,977 bales. At first sight it seems surprising that a shipment of cotton fihjrt bv nearly 200,0U0 bales, togeth. r with the prospect of Bhort receipts from this date until the new cotton year in September, as compared with the same period of last year, should exercise so little influence on the price of cotton at home aud abroad.- for cotton is to-dy fVlly i cent a pound cheaper ia Liverpool than list year, ami 2 J- cents a pound cheaper than ia 1874. The explanation, however, is readily found in the dullness of the market for cotton goods and ia the diminished consumption of cotton by foreign as well as domestic mills. The shipments from the United States to Europe from the 1st of September, 1873, to the 26 of April, 1874, amoun ted to 2,424,216 bales. The stock of America cotton in Europe and afloat was at that titaa 1,247,000 bales, showing that Europe used from the 1st of Ssptember to the 26th of April, 3,177,216 bales of American cotton. Now let us turn to the present cotton year. We sent to Europe from the 1st of September. 1864, to the 26th of April, 1875. 2,225,239 bales of cot Ion. On the 26th of April the stock of American cotton in Europe and afloat was 1,142,000 bales, showing that Europe consumed 93,977 bales less ot American cotton during tbil period of nearly eight months than during the same period of the previ ous year. In other words, the unusu al stagnation of trade in cotton fa- brics made our short shipment short by nearly 200,000 bales less felt than it would have been if the ordina ry amount of business had been done. But dull as the cotton trade of Europe has been, with consumption short by nearly 100,00ft bales in eight months, it is nevertheless true that the visible -supply of American cotton in stock in Europe and afloat is diminished by nme 40,000 bales, as much compared with the same period of last year. And it is but reasonable to assume that should there be merely an indU cation of a revive 1 of trade in cotton fabrics in Europe, whidh will natural' ly run cheifly on the American staple, the short supply from here would at nca be felt. The present crop was over estimated by 400,00 bales or more, for it was at one time supposed that the supply would reach 4,333,000 bales, whereas the most sanui enow reduce thse figures to 3,750,000 or to 3,800,000 bales. It follows, thwrelore, that the hj-o for a plentiful supply of cotton during the list four months of the pre:eut calendar year depend entirely on lie new crop, half of which is not ye iu the ground, The vicis-i-tud3 of th new (V'p w 'I threiort bo w.ttvd wi'h irc.it ioiiwat. If u rfvival o( tra l. j-houi-i mn in und in Kuropo, a t ool un avefaga but a pi. ii'ilu! cn.p fc.r V e yar 1875 '76 i ; tt; y d rato Hipplv nW David Dickson cn Planting Cotton. The f olio win cr ia cobitd from a 'Tretise on Agriculture,' by tha late David Dickson of Georgia : 1. Lay off cotton rown tour ieet anart. with shovel plow, doable, and put in the fertilizers eight inches deep. 2. Rid?e with a lone scooter, fire inches wide. Make the beds with turn plow, subsoil the turn plow furrows; split out the middies wnn shovel. Plant with cotton seed sower, and cover with a board or harrow. First plowing run 22 inch sweep with right wing turned down, hoe out two or three stalks to the hill every nine inches ten days after plowing. Second plowing use same sweep, the right wing turned up a little more. Third plowing iu same way run a third furrow in the middle to level. 3. Cotton standing thick iu the drill will be much more forward in maturing. 4. Cotton only requires distances one way. 6. Have a deep water furrow in the Spring; work flat in hot weaths er. 7. On level land run the rows North and South. 8. A cotton plant to stand two weeks drought, must have four in ches soil and six inches subsoil; three weeks six inches soil and same subsoil; four weeks eight inches soil and the same of subsoil ing. 9. I( you prepare your land and carry out this plan well and man ure liberally, you may expect from four hundred to one thousand pounds of lint cotton per acre. 10. Fertilizers bring a crop of bolls on the cotton early. 11. To improve the cotton plant select seed every year after the hret digging up to the middle of Octoe ber, taking the best stalks and the best bolls on the stalk. 12. On all farms there are some acres that produce cotton better than others; seed should alway be selected from those spots. 13. Manure everywhere you plow aad plant : your labor will be more certainly rewarded. It pays to use manure and it pays best on land that pays best without it. 14. From the 10th to the 20th of April is the best time to plant cotton. 15. Apply ono half of all day labor and knd to the making of full supplies of all kinds that are needed on the farm and enough to spare for those engaged in other pursuits and you will have more money than if the whole was em ployed in making cotton. 16. Leave no grass to bunch and cause a future bad stand. 17. Plow cotten every three weeks and let the hoes come ten days behind, cleaning it perfectly 18. Continue plowing cotton till the 15th of August. Once or twice during the seaaon eiuore out the middle with a furrow to keep the land level. 19. The plowing of cotton requir es one and a fourth days per acre. 20. Cotton plants commence when small to take on and mature bolls and continue until they ex haust the soluable matter or reach the full capacity of the land. Two stalks will do that much sooner than one and will so a voyd the late drought caterpiller, etc. 21. Cotton will grow number of a year in succession with plenty of manure. 22. Make just tfce amount of cot ton wanted, at paying prices. Keep out of debt; be the creditors-; make your suplies at home; then aud ocly taen will you have power. 23. Rotation of crops deep and peeper plowing every year, incor portion of vegetable mould, return ing the proceeds of the cotton plant except the lint to the soil, making as much manure as possible com priie my system of improving lands. 24. (Joe object in cultivation is to keep the surfc&e broken so as to let in light heat, aud a&. Never stop the plows for dry weather, 25. My policy has been to make the most money with the least labor and capital, even if it appeared to be wasteful. 26. The cotton planter should m&ka hjs whole supplies everything necessary to rn the farm. The premium cotfoa.crop exhibit ed at the State Fair in Jjeorgia, in 1869 of eighteen bales on sis awes, was cultivated according to Mr: Dickson's plan. With a capital of $25,000 to commence with, he made in fifteen years 500,000 by farm ing. He has been equally success ful sinee the war. Pluck and brains will tell in fansitg as in any other vocation. How Cotton Mills Pay. Tbe annual meeting of the Gran' iteville Cotton Manufacturing Com pany was held last week. The report of President Hickman shows that the nrcfits of tha ear went $114,588, a trifle over nineteen per cent, ot the capital stock. This result is very satisfactory and en couraring, for the year was con fessedly a hard, one for cotton mills and many in the Eortb either ran on short time or stopped altogether. The Graniteville mills were run on full time and at full pay during the whole year. Their productions wer- 10,536,500 yards of fabrics, besides a quantity ot knitting yarn; 8,171 bales of cotton were consum ed, which cost 14 33100 cents a pound. The old Board were un. auimously elected, and the pros perous fwstory enters upon another year with bright prospects. Capt. Sanjuel X. Williams wi de liver the address at tht memorial on th 10th of May at Wilson. The question of making t'.ie 20th of May a holiday throughout the bute is beiajj gouxail distiuMd. MISCELLANEOUS. REMOVED ! MRS. J. FELDEMEIMER Haviog removed two doors from her late stand to the handsome brick building recent ly rrrrtnA hr Mr. B. J. Keech. now lias in creased facilities for cond acting the Millinery Business in all us Brancnes. A FULL LINE OP DEY GOODS, BOOTS & SHOES, CLOTH- ING, TRUNKS and VALISES, alao in stock which will be sold at low fig ures. Thanking her numerous friends fur tbeir past patronage, she now extends a cordial welcome to them all. particularly the ladies. aid will endeavor to ser e them as faithfully ia the future as heretofore. She i ready and fnlir prepared to meet the wants of all and Invites the public to in ducements which are constantly offered. Mrs. J. Feldendeimer, Main St, Tarboro', N. C Feb. 6, 1875. ly THOS. A. HARDY & SONS, Agents, NORFOLK, VA. Mar. 5, 1875.-2m. THE ROCKY MOUNT COTTON MILLS. tarE ARE NOW MANUFACTURING, f V of the best quality, for the Lome trade, COTTON YARNS, COTTON PLOW LINES, all sizes HEAVY 4-4 SHEETING. Orders from prompt customers filled without delay. TERMS : Net cash, within thirty days. Address, BATTLE SON, Dec. 4,- Rocky Mount, N. C. FOtTTZ'S HORSE AND CATTLE POWDERS a I To the Citizens of Edge combe and adjacent Country. THE undersigned respectfully announces that be has again opened business of a General Blacksmith, on Church Street, near Mr. Doztcr's Store. Special attention paid to GUN AND CITY WORK. i?a$jcl$r care paid to Also the manufacturing and repairing a kinds of agricultural and general BLACK SMITH WORK. An experience of over TWENTY YEaRS in Edgecombe is sufficient testimony to iny capability. I respeetfuUy return thanks for the various manifestations of kindness here tofore received and hope to continue to de serve them. Nov. 8-tf. I. B. PAL AMOUNTS IN. NEW STORE ! NEW nOQJ)S ! Prices to Suit the Times I, C. J. AUSIN, formerly of R. H. Austin Co., and late with T. H. Gatlm, bate the pleases gf informing my friends and the public in gefterai'Sh r ?;v opened a Geifl Grocery Store ir-. ... uu main oireei, Detween the stores of Messrs H. Morriss & Bros.. a.nd T. If r.ati;., I will keep on hand a choice selection of guuus at inn lowest market rates, viz : NEW MESS PORK, NEW RUMP PORK, C. YELLOW SUGAR, C. WHITE SUGAR, A. WHITE SUGAR, PL-UR A 'SWff&TBD SUGAR, S. C. HAMS, BACON SHOULDERS & S1DSS, D. S. SHOULDERS & SIDES. C. R. SIDES, SPICED BEEF, BEEF TONGUES, BOLONA & PORK SAUSAGES, CAKES, CRACKERS. BUTTER, CHEESE, PLOW" LINES, MILL FEED, m ' GATS, BRICK. FERTILIZING LIME. VC which will be sold very low for CASH. Call and examine. C. J. AUSTIN. Feb. 5, 1875. iy TWT TIC ir twi. Double Turbine Water Wheel, Manulactnred by POOLE & HUNT. Baltimore, lid. 7,000 HOW IK V8EI Simple, Strong, Durable, alwayg reliable and satis, lactury. jnanuraetnrers, also, of fc 4C umony 'ing Ischial "-J""'. J .w ius, jfiour. j ri.MuuMu. peua ior circulars. T. IV. BOGART Washlneton 3NT. O. BBALXR in Pure Medicines, Books, Stationery, Fancy toods, Picture Frames, Tassels and Cords Wholesale and Retail agen for Peters Musi cal Monthly, Folio and Demorests Magazines Chrnmos 17x36 as premium. Keeps all the latest music at Publishers prices. Any Book lurulshed to order. Respectially, Dec D.N. BOGART. AM H fi Til ft jff"' J tasit iTi Eft S m 3. ft S3 q ra L m I B. j. 1 " (fl S i o od B h - Pi "4 n m S P Ui aA III . ' wd H LJ jES 0 $ 1 1 o- H - t AJ p W- ob SJ'as Eft NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. FurniturearpetingjWindow Shades AND GENERAL HOUSE FURNISHING. THE OLD AND RKIJABLE HOUSE OF Cox-. 3VIa1zx and. Grantoy Streets, NORFOLK, A., CiTILL stand at tbe head of the trade and call the attention of their old customers and the 3 tbe general public to the very large assortiueut of HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE AND CARPETING contained in their extensive establishment. We guarantee New York prices on all our poods and our well selected stock is the largest of any house South of Philadel phia. We call special attention to our PIANO AND MUSIC DEPARTMENT. We are A"iits and keen constantly on hand a full stock of CHICKEBING & SONS CEL EBRATED PIANOS. Also Agents for GEO. WOOD'S CABINET ORGANS, all of which we sell nt manufacturers prices. fiW Catalogues and Price Lists furnished ou application. mrI9-t ) Wiesenfeld, Cotton AND General Make liberal (Jahli advances on consignments of Cotton and other Produce. Also with approved security, will adyance oa accommodating terras, SUPPLIES to FARMERS for carrying on this year's crops, Those desiring to avail themselves of the above oflfer, will apply to our Agent, J. B. Coffield, Tarboro', N. C. J. B. COFFIELD, Gen. Commission Merchant AND WHOLESALE DEALER IN Whiskies, Wines, Tobacco, Segars, Sash, Blinds, Doors, JBuilctag and Shell Lime, Gu anos, &c., de. Tarboro', N. C. Feb. 19, 1875. ly HE AGRICULTURAL WORKS, Manufacturers of Wagons, Carts, Plows, Gin and Mill Gearing, and Agricultural Im plements generally. We keep on hand a very large stock of Seasoned Wagon and Cart Materials, and are prepared to furnish on short notice any vehicle in this line iri a Ytzht one horse wagon to the heaviest carts and wagons for Saw Mills. Vk liae EIGHT FOOT GIN GEARING, In the best style ; have never heurd a complaint of one of our Horse Powers. We furnish a full set of Bolts with these powers. Price $55.00 complete. Reside several varieties of Turning Plows we make a specN alty o' tf.c - 15 1.. "EDGECOMBE COTTON PLQW," which we believe has met with more general favor than any Cotton plow ever made. These plows are now made after two patterns, one intended especially for use in hard and stiff land. x,ii:i:VX. work done on Engines, Saw Mills, Gins, Horse Powers, and all kinds of im plements. Tlie undersigned is manufacturers' agent for Tanner's Engines and Saw Mills', Left'ell's ;rbir.e Vrter Wheels, Grist Mills, Pulleys, Shaft ing and Gearing. " : , These Goods are all Warranted. XI. V. WALKER, Nor. c-tf SUPERINTENDENT. oT. . , BLATCHLEYS IniDiorod CDCUM- 3 12i BE It WOOD TMTMP maikei, uy )0)mar verdict, the best un)p for tlie least money. Attention is invited to PilntfhIevTs Tnmmvpd Irap.kpr Mia $ Drnti ( hpt'lf Valve wlni'h ran Im 'i?.BA ..,;!. .1. .ni.Tr. .. III. ...if A,.r ,.. 4lt. vt' " 1 1 11 11 .iii'uii 11 i.iL nt vi 1 1" tur: joints, and t he copper chamber which never cracks, scales or rusts and will last a life time. For sale by Dealsrs aad the tfado generally. In order to be sure that yon gt'ntchle?'s Pa nip, be careful and see that it bas liy-triidp-arj: rs-s.l;ove. If you do not know where to buy, tlcscriptia circulars, together with the uams and ad dress of the agent nearest you, will be promptly furnished by addressing with stamp. CHAS. G. BLATCHLEY, Manufacturer, 506 Commerce St., Philadelphia, Pa Feb. 12, 1875. 9m Select Boarding AND Day School, BCUIstooro,' IVT- O- rpHE fcirty-8acOTid Session of the MISSES I NASH AND MISS KOLLOCK'S School will open Friday, 5th February, ISY5,;anU continue twenty weeks. Circulars forwarded on application. Dec. 25. tf W..W. THOMAS, " Practical Carpenter & Builder, TAIUJOHO', IV. c. WOULD be pleased to serve the citizens of Edgecombe and adjacent counties. fi Terms liberal as tbe times will afford. For further information address me at Tar boro, N. C. febl9-tf mm Stern & Co., Factors Commission Merchants, U;iltii:iois Ma. A LECTURE TO YOTJlSTGr 3VX333J-. Ju.t Jrullisi 'ed.fri a sealed Envelope. Price 6 cents. A leciare n th "atnre.Treat raent, and Jiadical Cure of'Semi nal Weakness, or Spermator rhoea, induced by Self-Abuse, Involuntary Emissions, Impotency, Nervons Debility, and Impediments to Marriage generally ; Consumption, Epilepsy, and Fits; Mental and Physical Incapacity, Sic. By Robert J. Cplverwell, M. D., author of the "Green Book,'1 &c. The world-renowned author, in this ad mirable Lecture, clearly proves from his own experience that the awful consequences of Self-Abuse may be eectualiy removed with out medicine, and without 'dangerous tmrgi cal operations, bongies, instruments, rings, or cordials ; pointing out a niodo of cure at once certain and effectual, by which every suffeier, no matter what his condition may be, may cure himself cheaply, privately and radically. i-f This Lecture will prove a boon to thousands and thousands. Sent under seal, in a plain envelope, to any address, on receipt of six cents or two dostase stamps. Address the Publishers, CHAS. J. C. CLINE & CO., 127 Bowery, New York ; P. O. 3ox, 4586- Oakdale Institute, Edgecombe Co., N. C. A Select Home School, at tbe residence of the late Dr. J. P. Battle. Limited aumber of boarders. Spring torn commences Feb. 10th, 1875. For circulars, containing full particulars, apply to J. J. Battle, Esq., Kecky Mount ; Geo. L. Wimberly, Esq., Tar boro, or to the Principal, MRS. C. W. SMITH, Fob, 12,-tf. Batttoboro', N. C, NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. J. A. WILLIAMSON, General Grocer and Produce Dealer Til i-Io 500 BUSHELS SEED OATS. 100 Balea Hay. 80 Buahels Black Peas. 50 Bbls Corn. 100 Flag Chairs. 20 Boxes Plug Tobacco all grades. 150 Lbs Smoking Tobacco all grades. CO Bushels Sweet Potatoes. 10 Bbla Early Eose " 10 " Peach Blow " Fresh Fruits and Confectioneries in Quantities. TIX, WILLOW 4XD W00DEX WARES, i SPECIALTY. J5s3" For sale low at wholesale and retail. J. .1. W JLJLl.I.liSO.V, Feb- gy- Main Street. ENRICH YOUR LANDS and make good crops by using Whann's Bahama Guano, which has been successfully use-4 by tbo farmers io all sections op eyprj variety of crops. As a IF US TILI it is especially adapted to the wants ty of making their lands produce the agent for which has been thoroughly tested through the entire Soyth, apd syefeis? ful yields have been the result where they were used. These famous Guano? are again at my command and I have yet to hear of a single complaint from those who have used them. 1 Liberal Offer to Farmers t For42 lbs. Good Lint Cotton, I will give one ton of eithsr of tl-esi ' ' Iff ' fi'i excellent Fertilisers, purchaser paying freights upon delivery of Quanw, J. B. COFFIELD, Cen. Com. Merchant & Wholesale Liquor Dealer, Jan. 29, 4 m. pounds Price aWp'1 jawfe Price $50 00 WWf' f 58 00 g?r ton $mm$mg&m per of k:lMmfetr:'-i2.oooihs fpHE HIGH STANDARD OF QUALITY HAS BE FN FULLY MAirAINED, AND IT is considered by those who hare given it a fair trial tb mi AND CHEAPEST FERTILIZER kl iftuFjIJREp. LIBERAL AND ADVANTAGEOUS TERMS FOR LARGE LOTS, GIVEN ON APPLICATION. AT ALL THE PRINCIPAL DEPOTS. DeROSSET & CO., GENEE AL AGENTS F0H NORTH CAROLINA AND VIRGINIA, WILMINGTON. O. C. PARRAR & CO., Agents. Tarboro, N. C. B. Q. WILEY, Agent, Plymouth, N. C Jan. 22, 1875. 01 NAVASSA GUANO ACID PHOSPHATE, FOR COMPOSflNfl WITH COTTON SEED & VEGETABLE' MATTER. MANUFACTURED AT " Wilmington Terms Liberal. Jno. L. Bridgers & Son, Tarboro', N. C, MarcU 5, 1S75. Sm !'. 3V. c. Si ... -wv 100 BBLS FLOUR, ALLGRADK.S. 300 Head Lucas Cabbages. 200 Lbs Common Candies. 100 " Fine " 20 Bbls Sugar. 2 Hhda Bacon Shoulders. 4 44 Bulk 44 50 Heavy C 11 Sides. 50 " D S 44 20 Bbls Mess Pork. 10 44 Bump " 10,000 Gallons Molasses in Hoggs heads and Barrels. of those who appreciate the necessi highest possible yield. I am also FS SUPER PHOSPHATE f Payable Nov. 1. A FIXE OPPORTUNITY TO BUY A First-Class Bar 2 V A 3JD Billiard Saloon, BOTH DOING A GOOD BU8INE83. ' I desire to sell a stock oi fine Liquor, choice brands Cigar, and two Billiard Tablet in excellent condition. I will a!t" cell the bnildiDg on Main Street now occupied by myself and MoNair Bros. Satisfactory reasons given for wishing to sell. Apply to R.H. ROWS. Tarboro, Mar. 19, 1875. '