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rrfSVtfii1 THECONSTITUTIOM OF OUR FATHERS. "I AM A SOTJTHEBKiMAN, OF SOUTHERN' PRI3STCIPLES."-Ex-U. S. Senator Jefferson Davis. VOL. 53. TARBORO', N. C, FRIDAY, MAY 14, 1875. NO. 19. I- .J i ii II u j . X3T T GENERAL DIRECTORY. TARBORV. M atom Fred. Philips. Commissioners Jesse A. Williamson, Ja cob Feldenbelmer, Daniel YV. Hunt, Alex. McCabe, Joseph Cobb. SlCBKTABT & Tftia8UBKK Kobt. White- ! burnt. Coxitabli J. H. Hyatt. Tows Witcb Altimore Marnitir, Geo. Bll aud lumen r.. simonson. COUNTY. Superior Court Clerk mnd PfUUe Judye II. L. 8ut.il, Jr. Register of Deed -Alex. McCabe. Sheriff Joseph Cobb. Coroner Treasurer Kobt. II. Austin. Surveyor John E. Baker. Standard Keeper P. 8. Hicks. School Examiners. l. H. 8 haw, Wo. A. Duggan and R. 8. Williams. Keeper Poor House Win. A. Duggan. Commissioners Jmo. Lancaster, Cttir, Wiley Well, J. B. W. Nftryllle, yrsnk Dew, U. Exem. A. McCabe, Clerk. IHAILM. IKKIVAL AN'I DEPARTURE OT MAILS NORTH AND SOUTH VIA W. A W. R. R. I.ve Tarboro' (dally) at 10 A. M. Arrive at Tarboro' (daily) at - - S 30 P. M. WASHINGTON MAIL VIA GREENVILLE, FALKLAND AND SPARTA. I..iae Tarboro idailvl at - A. M. Arrive at Tarboro' (daily) at 6 P. M. LODUES. The Nlg;lktaaua4 th Places ! MMllar. Concord R. A. Chapter No. 5, N. M. Law reuce. Hizh Priest, Masonic Hall, monthly convocations first Thursday In vry month at 10 o'clock A. M. concord Lodge No. 58, Thomas Gatiin, Master, Masonic Hall, meets first Friday night it 7 o'clock P. M. and third Baturday at 10 o'clock A. M. in every month. Repiton Encampment No. 13, I. O. O. F., A. Uelibroner, Chief Patriarch, Odd Fel lows' Hall, meets every first and third Thurs day of each month. Edgecombe Lodge No. 50, I. O. O. F., J. H. Brown, N. G., Odd Fellows' nail, meets every Tuesday night. Edgecombe Council No. 133, Friends of Temperance, meat every Friday night at the Odd Fellows' Hall. Advance Lodge No. 28, I. O. G. T., meets every Wednesday night at Odd Fellows' Hall Zanoah Lodge, N. 235, I. O. B. B., meet on first and third Monday night of every month at Odd Fellows' Hall. Hxnrt Morkis, President. ill. meets nrst rrway nieni CHCKCIIES. Episcopal Church Services every Sunday at 10 1-2 o'clock A. M. and 5 P. M. Dr. J. B. Cheshire, Rector. . Methodist Church Services every third Sunday at night. Fourth Sunday, morning and night. Rev. Mr. Swindell, Pastor. Presbyterian Church Services every un- dav lexcenttheslhLRev.T.J. Allison, Stated Supply. Weekly Prayer meeting, Thursday Uiniinaru Rautist Church Services the th Sunday in every moHh, morning and night. Rev. T. R. Owen, Pastor. Primitive Baptist Church Services first Saturday and 8unday of each month at 11 o'clock. HOTEM Adams' Hotel, corner Main and Pitt Sts. O. F. Adams, Proprietor. Mrs. Pender's, (formerly Gregory Hotel,) Main Street, opposite "Enquirer" Office, ilrs. M. Pender, Proprietress. BANKS. Bank of New Hanover, on Main Street, next door to Mr. M. Weddell. Capt. J. D. Gumming, Cashier. Office hours from tf A. M. to 3 P. M. EXPRESS. Southern Express Office, on Main Street, closes every aiorning at 8f o'clock. N. M. Lawhesc. Ageut. HOTELS. GASTON HOUSE, South Front Street, Newbern, IV. C S. B. STREET, Proprietor. YARB0R0' HOUSED RALPICH. N. C. &. blacznall, Proprietor. Xfgr Reference made to all travelling gen- I tleuien. ATLANTIC HOTEL, ISorfofic, ya. H. S. BQBS8N, Proprietor. Board, First and 8econd Floors,per day, $3.00 Third and Fourth Joors, " 50 8pecial term for permanent boarders W M. HOWAKD, . XT Or Or Z drjlLeb iy DRUGS, PATENT MEDIGIKR. i 5cO,, ScC. Next door to Mrs. Pender's Hotel, TARBORO, N C. Lag er Beer & Wine SALOON. KEEPS constantly on hand all the Fine Wines and Liquors, Tobacco aud Cigars, next door J. A. Williamson's. ERHARD MCMUTH. Xoy.VMf. ' Proprietor. GRAXD, SQUARE & UPRIGHT PIAINOS Have received upwards of FIFTY FIRST PREMIUMS, aud are among the best now made. Every instrument ful ly warranted for live years. Prices as low as the exclusive nse of the very best materials and the most thorough workmanship will permit. Ths principal pianists and composers, and the piano-purchasing public of the South espe cially, unite in the unanimous verdict of the superiority ot the 8TIEFF PIANO. The DURABILITY of our instruments is fully cstsbliabe by over 8IXTY SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES in the South, using over 300 ot eur Pianos. Sole Wholesale Agents for several of the principal manufacturers of Cabinet and Par lor Organs ; prices frem $50 to $600. A lib eral discount to Clergymen and Sabbath Schools. A large assortment of second-nan rianos, iprices ranging ivm $75 to $300, always on aaud. Send for Illustrated Catalogue, containing :Le uc mes of oyer S,000 Southerners who b,tve Lougiitand are using the Btletf Piano. OH AS. M. STUFF, Wareroonttj No. 9 oth- Wbertyf t., BALTIMORE, M. D. Factories, 84 St 08 Camden St., and 45 & 4T Perry St. JuneM.-tL 1 T MISCELLANEOUS. PAMLICO INSURANCE & BANKING COMPANY, Of Tarboro, IV. O. Capital $200,000 00 OFFICERS : HON. GEO; HOWARD, Pjiesidext. CAPT.JNO. S. DANCY, Vice President. JOSEPH BLOUNT CHESHIRE, JR., Sec retary and Treasurer. DIRECTORS : Hon. Gorge Howard. Jesse H. Powell, Hon. Kemp P. Battle, Wm. S. Battle, Capt. John S. Daucy. Capt. T. II. Gailin, Matthew Weddell, El'ias Carr, J. J. Battle, Joseph B. Cornell, Wm. M. Pippen, O. C. Farrar, John Norfleel, Fred. Philips, John L. Badgers, Jr., THIS COMPANY INSURES nwellinas. Stores. Merchan- w- dize, Farm Property, aud all classes of insurable property Against Loss or Damage by Fire 2 at local board rates, ty All losses promptly adjusted and paid. ORREN WILLIAMS, Supervisor of Agencies. Tatboro, March 19, 1875. tf Jas. E. Simmons, IPitt Street. TAST OF MAIN, HAS IN STORE AND Aid for ' sale WprH TvYhAC IK dlUlUUCS, Bureaus, XKTcs cV ct a r H c VV dbllbldllUb, "yy'j'it.ing DeSk-S, Cane & Wooden Seat Chairs, Extension, Centre and Leaf Tables. Towel Racks, Rockers, Childs' Basket Chairs. ALSO A LARGE LOT OF Mattresses efts XjOumges. All Cheap for Cash. WST UNDERTAKERS BUSINESS all its branches promptly attended to. JAS. E. SIMMONS. Tarboro, N. C, Mar. 20, 1575. 3m Seaboard & Roanoke Kail iiuau. Office Supt. Trans., S. & R. R. R. Co., Portsmouth, Va., Jan. 1, 1S75. On and after this drte, trains of this Road will leave Weldon daily, (Sundays excepted) as follows : Mail train at 4:00 p m No 1 Freiuht train at 4:00 am No 2 Frtlsht train at . .8:00 a m ARRIVE AT PORTSMOUTH : Mail train dally at 7:15 p m No 1 Freight train at 12:OU m No 2 Freight train at 4:00 pm Freight trains have a passenger car attach ed. Steamers for Edenton, Plymouth, and Landings on Blackwater and Chowan rivers, leave Franklin at 9:40 a m, Mondays, Wednes days and Fridays. E. G. GHIO, Supt. o( Transportation. ESTABLISHED 1865. CHAMBERLAIN 1 RAWLS Tarboro', N. C. PRACTICAL WATCH MAKERS AND JEWELERS, DEALERS IN Pine Watcnes, Jewelry, Ster lin Silver and Plated Ware, Pine Spectacles & every thing else in our line. 8pecial attention given to- the Repairing and timing of Fine Watches and Regulators, We gurantee that our work shall compare favorably in efficiency aud finish with any in the Land. We offer you every possible guarantee that whatever you buy of us shall be genuine and nst as represented, and you shall pay no more for it than a fair advance on the whol sale cost. We have made in the handsomest manner Hair Chains, Hair Jewelry, Diamond and Wedding Rings, all kinds of Fine Jewelry Gold and Silver Watch Cases, etc. Our Machinery and other appliances for making the different parts of Watches, is per haps the most extensive In the State, conse quently we can guarantee that any part of a Watch or Clock can be replaced with the ut most facility. an23-ly IN , - V . V A.-r .fil' NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. FREE! " Fill EM MiEE!!! THE PIONEER. The hanlcOfl)"Vluflnited newspaper, con taining information for 'everybody. Telle how and where -to Vccure home cheap. Sent f.ee to all parts of the world. It contains the New Homestead and Tim ber Laws, with otlnsr interesi ing mutter lomid only In this paper. SEND FOR IT AT ONCE ! It will ouly cost yon a Postal Card. New number for April just out. Address O. F. ADAMS, Laud Commie sioner U. P. 11. R. Omaha, Neb. $5 g $20 rc dav at homo. Terms free. Ad- ress, iieo. rttiuson .V '., Port- land, Me. $77, A WEEK eu'iranrccd to Male aud ! Female Airents, in their locality. Costs NOTHING to try it.. Particu lars Free. P. O. VlCKEKY & CO.,Agusta,Mc. TSYCHOMANCY, OR SOUL CHARM JL ING." How either sex may fascinate aud gam the love and alleet'onsol any per son thev c noose, iustaully. This art all cm possess, free, by mail, for 5 cents; together with a Marriage Guide, Kgvptian Oracle, Dreams, Hints to Ladies, e'e. 1,000,000 s-jld. A queer book. Address T. WiLLlAM & CO., rub s f hiladelphia. Geo. P. Rowell & to. eoinluet nn Aiteuey fir the reception of advertisements for Auieriean Newspapers the most complete establish ment of the kiud in the world. Six thousand Newspapers are kept regularly on tile, open to inspection by customers. Every Adver tisement is taken at the home price of the paper, without any additional charge or com mission. An advertiser, m dealing with the Agency, is saved trouble and correspondence, making one contract instead of a dozen a hundred or a thousand. A Book, containing large lists of papers, circulations, with some information about prices, is scut to any ad dress for twenty-live ceins. Pcrsous wishing to make contracts lor advertising in any town, city, county, State or Territory of the United States, or any portion 01 the Domin ion of Canada, may send a concise statement of what they want, together with a copy of the Advertisement, aud receive information which will enab'e ihem to decide whether to increase or redL?e the order. For such in formation there is no charge. Orders are taken for a single paper as weil as for a list ; For a single dollar as readily lor a larcer (Times Huildiugj, 41 Park Row, X. . FRESH ARRIVALS EVERY WEEK ! Just received and for sale low : 200 Bbls. Choice Flour, all grade?. 100 " New Baltimore Mess Pork 50 " Heavy Hump Pork. 10 Ilhds. Shoulders and Sides. 25 Bbls. Sugar, 20 Sacks Coffee. 15 " Molasses. 30 Boxes that splendid Granger's Tobacco. We are also prepared to furnish Genuine Guanape Peruvian Guano, Maryland " Cotton Food " Guano, Oyster Shell Lime. 800 Bushels Seed Oats. 25 Bbls. Early Rose Potatoes. S. S. SASH & CO. Jan. 29, 1873. ii iiuuui;ii iv iiviiuiiiit Proprietors of the Model Cigar Factory, No. 1445 Main St., Ricliiiioncl, "rit . Sold last year 1,200,000 OSCARS Of their own manufacture without a sijgiO complaint from DEALER OK SMOKER. Therefore, if you want a Buy no other than Whitlock & Abram's and you will have the WQBTH OF YOUR MONEY. SOLD BV F.VEHY DEAI.l'H. Jan 29, 1875. tf E. T. POOL. C. A. POOL. W. e. poor. Pool Brothers FASHIONABLE BAB, IZUliard Rooms, OYSTER SALOON, Barber Shop, AND Cigar Store, ROCKY MOUNT, N. C. WE HAVE ENGAGED THE WELL known caterer, JOSH MOTLEY, to take charge of our RESTAURANT, and we will guarantee for him that our old custom ers can always get a GOOD, SQUARE MEAL at the shortest notice. mrl9-tf CHEAP ! Very Cheap A number of new and wee ond liana PI ANOS At OK GANH on hand for sale cheap for eash and by install PIANOS TUNING & MUSIC ment. B" Every NEW PIANO from this this house Warhasted to possess all the im provements claimed by manufacturers gener ally. Prices reasonable. Terms accommo dating. Correspoudeuce solicited. aug21-ly Dr. G. L. Shackelford, SURGEON DENTIST, Successor to Dr. L. T. Fuqua, 1 TABBOSO', TT. C. 3T Office opposite Adams' Hotel over S. S. Nash &. Co's store. Oct. 28, 1874. and tl MISCELLANEOUS. THE FAVORITE HOME REMEDY. Is eminently a Family Medicine; and by be ing kept ready for Immediate resort will sav many anliowrof suffering- and many a dol lar iu time and doctors' bills. After over Forty Y ears' trial it is still re ceiving the most unqualified testimonials to '.; virtues from persons of the highest char acter and responsibility. Eminent physiciane commend it as the most EFFECTUAL SPECIFIC For all diseases ot the Liver, Stomach and Spleen. Tub SYMPTOMS of Liver Complaint ars a bitter r bad taste in the mouth ; Pain iu the Back, Sides or Joints, often mistaken for Rheumatism; Sour Stomach ; Loss of Apep tite ; Bowels alternately costive and lax ; Headach'! ; Loss of memory, with a painful sensation of having tailed to do something which ought to have been done; Debility, Low Spirits, a thick yellow appearance of the Skin aud Eyes, a dry Cough often mistaken for Consumption. Sometimes many ol these symptoms attend the disease, at others very few ; but the Liver, the tersest organ in the body, is generally tho seat of the disease, and if not Regulated in time, great suflering, wretchedness and Death will ensue. For Dyspepsia, Constipation, Jaundice, Bilious attacks, Sick Haadache, Colic, De pression of Spirits, Sour Stomach, Heart Burn, Jcc, ic. Thv Chetiprst, Purest and Best Family Medi cine tn the World! Manufactured ouly by J. H. ZEIL1N A CO., Macon, Ga., and Philadelphia. Price, $1.00. Sold by all Druggists. Piedmont Air-Line Railway. RICHMOND & DANVILLE, RICHMOND DANVILLE R. W., N. C. DIVIS ION, AND NORTH WEST ERN N. C. 1L W. C0NDENSEDTLME TABLE- In effect on and after Tuesday, April 20,1874. GOING NORTH. STATIONS. Mail. Express. Leave Charlotte 0.23 r. Air-Line Jct'n, 9.30 " Salisbury, 12.12 a St. 8.20 a.m. 8.50 " 10.52 " 1.35 p.m. 4.05 " 4.13 " 8.36 " 11.17 p.m. " Greensboro 3.35 " " Danville. 6.20 " Dundee, 6.30 " " Burkvil'e, 11.35 " Arrive at Richmond, 2.22 P. M. GOING SOUTH. STATIONS. Mail. Express. Leave Richmond, " Burkville, " Dundee, " Danville, " Greensboro', " Salisbury, 1.88 p. m. 4.52 " y.44 " 9.48 ' 12.40 a. m. 3.58 5.08 a. 8.35 ' 1.17 p. 1.21 ' 4.23 ' 653 ' 8.59 " 9.05 ' if. " Air-Line Jnct'n,7.05 Arrive at Charlotte, 7.10 GOING EAST. GOING WEST. STATIONS. Mail. Mail. I L've Greensboro', V 3.35 a.m. dArr.12.15A Jf ! ' Co. Shops, c. 5.10 " L'velO.57 " j " Raleigh, - 8.48a.m.1 6.52 " i Arr. atGoldsboro, 11.20 " L've 4.00p.m 3 ! N02TH WESTERN N. C. E- R. (SALEM BRANCH.) Leave Greensboro 4.30 p M I Arrive at Salem 6.13 " j Leave Salem 9.20 p m ! Arrive at Greensboro 11.15 " Passenger train leaving Raleigh at 5.38 P. M., connects at Greensboro' with the Northern bound train ; making the quickest time to all Northern cities. Price of Tick ets same as via other routes. Trains to and from points East of Greens boro' connect at Greensboro' with Mail Trains to or from points North or South. Two Trains daily, both ways. On Sundays Lynchburg Accommodation leave Richmond at 9.00 A. M., arrive at Burkeville 12.43 P. M., leave Burkeville4.35 A. M.t arrive at Richmond 7.58 A. M. No change of cars between Charlotte and Richmond, 282 miles. For further information address S. E. ALLEN, flen'l Ticl-nt A o-nt i --r . t'rTi vireensborp, j, C, ; T. M. K. TALCOTT, Engineer & Gen'l Superintendent. FOR NORFOLK AND NORTHERN 0 a mHE Steamers COTTON PLANT and JL PAMLICO connecting with the Old Dominion Steamship Co., afford the most direct and the quickest time for shipment of produce from all points on the River. Through Bills of Lading giveu from all points o:i Tar River for Norfolk, Baltimore, Philadelphia, N'pw YorU and Boston, Pro dupe is covered by insurance, if desired, as soon as Bills of Lading are signed. Shipments by this line go directly to des tination without delay at Norfolk or Wash ington. Tho finTTOV Pf. ANT mnVea plosp. ron- nection with the Wilmington & Weldeu Rail Road, and gives through Bills of Lading from all landings on the River at the lowest rates. JOHN MYERS' SONS. Washington, N. C, Jan. 29, 1875. tf TERRELL & BR0., DEALERS IN GROCERIES AND STAPLE DRY GOODS, Main Street, Near the Bridge, Tartooro, TXT. O- Sept. 30-ft NEW FIRM I THE undersigned having purchased the entire interests el VV. A. Bssett,' are now prepared to io any kind of PAINTING, Plain or Fancy, usual in their line. They have an ogreement with Mr. W. A. Bassett by which his services may be procured on all worK oi especially aimcnn execution. We respectfully solicit the patronage the public. T. w-toler, j Jan. 8th, 1375, THE mboxo' ontbttmx. Friday, May 14, 1875 Virginia Military Institute, Lexington, Va., May 4, 1875. Dear Southerner : We did not intend to enter into any dis cu88ion with "Marcus Slacksleve :" but now that he has seen fit to at tack us in such a style as to cons viace any rational mind thai he has adopted Phil Sheridan's motto 'I'm, not afraid,' we will attempt 'ipiib feara.rid trembling' to show to the readers of the Southerner, that the last communication from the tal ented "slacksleve," is but a flow ing display of ignorance. We are astonished that you should compare your Commencement with that of the far famed Arirginia Military Institute, when the University of Virginia gives up to us on that score. We will have a Celebration of the Literary Societies on the evening of the 29th of June ; pass in review before the Board of visi tors and other distinguished gentle men on the afternoon of the 30th ; a "grand promenade" that evening when the Institute grounds will be lighted with three thousand chN nese lanterns, a grand display of lire-works on the evening of July 1st; Commencement excercises on the morning of the 23rd ; and con elude that evening with a Ball, (given to the graduating class,) which surpasses that of any other institution in the entire United States. Now we leave it with your own fair ladies 'who are so full of beauty, grace, and gentle ness,' to say if such a Ball will not afford more pleasure than all the learned discourses of the most em inent Divines who may be present at your closing excercises. We have no 'flower garden' other than our Barracks ; but here may be found precious luJs, which, for female attractions, the lovely dam sel's can trp-irplant to their flower beds. The cadets who havo the honor of replying to your commu nication are true Carolinians as is exhibited by trusting our education ta the distinguished faculty of the Y. iW 1., 'those wno have the weN j fare ot their native State at heart, as we will prove. Gentlemen, are you not aware that the standard Universities of Europe recognise the diploma of on'y 0ne school of the whole South, and that is the University of Virginia ; thus you see that .North Carolina does not share the distinguished honor. Since the decline of the University of N. C, that of Virginia has sup, plied its place. If the universities and colleges of this state are not superior to those of Carolina, why do so many of her sons leave "the bright sunny fields of their own state, to sojourn in the haunts of other states :" Can N. C. claim the same distinction from the jouth of other portions of the Union? While .T can not appreciate your estimation ol Carolina Colleges, 1 will heartily loin hand3 with YOU in I .u, 'u -...tn cnuna kJV AJg VtW MA J ' I LH Jl usaswvsh cannot be surpassed. The Virgin ia Military Institute differs very much from a university. "The en- T I . 1 ergy sgscem, moorainauon ana telf-relianee which the Military government of the Institute culti vates, gives a iractieal character to the education which it supplies." When a young man becomes a "Rat," there is a lesson impressed lpon him that first day of Cadet life, which subsequent years serve nly to strengthen and confirm ; and that lesson is, the conscious ness of personal responsibility. The uniform dress and discipline of the cadets serve to establish among them as a band of brothers. Who is there, .that has failed to remark the strong attachment which exist among those who have once worn the gray coat ; Years may have elapsed since the period of cadet life with any one; but let him meet, in a distaut land a solitary individ ual who has ever worn the uniform of a cadat, End he is at ouco receiv ed as a friend and brother. This it is which serves to establish and mantain in this institution, as a military school to a higher degree, perhaps than any Other, a tone of bli opinion among the cadets, a P . V o . code of honor which constitutes the unwritten law for the inner life of a cadet, no less potential than the specific rules of the institution it self. In it3 distinctive character, the Virginia Military In&titute is a general scientific and military school : and in its specific work, it is designed as a school of applied science, to meet the felt wants of the South in the development of its great agricultural, mineral, com mercial, manufacturi"g and inter nal improvement interest. Mate rially modifying the prescribe curriculum of the usual cdhege eys tern, prominence is given here to scientific culture, and that of the arts. It thns supplies a special education for the South m the dc velopment of its resources, the ap - n , . i of plication Ot its material, the adop-. I tion of machinery, the perfections of itB manufactures the progress o the arts, and the success of trade. It is not necessary that we should dwell on the importance of the scis entific course which claims the at tention of this school. We are in deed happy to know that our native state is begining to realize the im portance of such a course as that of this institutions ' and now can well boast of the Carolina Military Institute, which has a just claim upon the young men of the state. "Slackslere," if you are so full of state prido that you can not leave your natire state, learn the errors of your way, "and try your success at the C. M. L" Yours, Tery reepectfutty, ' ' Cadets. Battle of Alamance. The recent centennial celebration at Lexington, Mass., to celebrate the first collision between the pat' riots of America and the tyrants of Great Britain, and the approaching celebration at Charlotte to conn memorate the centennial of the first declaration of independence, would seem to suggest the propriety of suggesting the claim for North Carolina of the honor of the first blood shed in the long war of in dependence, as well as the first to deliberately declare the settled purs pose of liberty. The war of the regulation was no emphemeral thing, no work of a mob. Ii was a settled purpose of honest tree men to assert the prin ciples of liberty, or die in its main tenance, and they carried through their deliberations with a stead fastness and energy of action which merited a better repute than pos terity has ascribed to them. They did indeed avow no hostility to the British Government on the con trary as the patriot of the Revolus tion did in after years, they avowed the most undying loyalty .to that Government. But the crown was represented in the Province of North Carolina by the Governor, Sir William Tryon, a man tyranical and overbearing, sumptuous and extravagant in his mode of life, and stripping an impoverished people to maintain his splendor. And all the law officers emulated their master in rapacity and extortion. in the bhape ot unlawful and exor bitant fees, they drove the people to desperation. Tryon not ouly turned a deaf ear to complaint, but encouraged his satillities to further oppression. Forcible acts of resistance were made to violent men, and some deeds of violence committed. But the wiser and cooler heads depre cated such a course, aud determined to preface their course in a lawful way by the weapons of appeal and met in open council at Maddocks Mill on Euo River in Orange county in June 1766, and made a formal statement of grievances to his Ex cellency, and setting forth the tyranny of his officers, chief of whom was Col. Fanning, and pray ing for redress. Tryon replied contemptuously, and endorses Fan--ning in the following words : 'The discreet and steady beha viour or Col. Fanning and the officers under his command, meet not only with the approbation of myself and His Majesty's counsel, but. will be acknowledged with gratitude by any unprejudiced well- wisher to the the rroYince. Henceforth there was nothing eft to the opressed people but patient submission or open resist ance. They chose the latter. But it was some years before they were 1 .! reaay lor a trial oi arms, iniia their organization become so pow erful as to alarm Tryon, and he marched from Newbern with all the force he could raise, and gathering others on the way reached the banks of Alamance Creek in what was then Orange county, on the 15th of May. liis army, accord ing to his report numbered 1100 men. The Regulators contronted him with a.b.ou.t two thousand men. The action began on the 16th, and lasted about 2 hours. After 2 hours fighting the Regulators took to the trees ad fought in Indian style, but were at length driven from their cover and put to flight. The loss of lryon, in killed, wounded and missing, was sixty men according to lryon. That of the Regulators was larger, many prisoners being, taken, a considerable number of whom were afterwards hung at Hillsboro. The Province for the time was pacified by Tryon's victory, and thus ended for a time their hrst struggle for freedom. We think it cannot be denied that however much glory is due to the patriots of Massachusetts who acted on their own counsels, the honor of leading off in the danger of bearding the British Lion be longs to the patriots of Orange, as the honor of casting off the yoke of Great Britain belongs to North Carolina. The report of a wedding in Ken tucky concludes in this wise : '-The bride was far from being handsome, but her father threw ia a span of horses and seven mules, and the bridegroom was satisfied." Early or late Planting. Is it best to plant as early as possible or to defer this work as long as can be safely done ? This is a question in which all farmers are interested, and to which each year they are practically obliged to reply. While there are many advocates for each of these ex tremes, I thing there is a 'golden mean' which will lead to much bet ter results. Either of the extremes are open to grate objections, which do not lie aganst a time half way between. It is true, as the advo cates of early planting claim, that if the seed Is got Into the greurid very early, the work is done and out of the way of other things which then need attention. But the ob jections to this course are that the ground and weather are bo cold ear ly in the season that the seed rots in the ground or else is a long while coming up; often falls a prey to wire warms; the plants, if any ap pear, are tender and grew very slowly, while the weeds, which are more hardy, at once go in and possess the land. Late planting is not open to these objections, but it is open to some which are quite serious. If the season is backward, and the planting is put off as late as possible, the plants are not large enough to be hoed more than once before haying-time, and there is danger that the crop will not be fully matured before the autumn frosts. I think the best way is to begin the preparation of the land early, plow, and get it nearly fitted to receive the feed. Keep plowing and fitting, but do not put in the seed until both ground and weather are warm. Then go over the land with a harrow, in order to destroy the weeds which have started up, and also to make a fine bed for the seed; and do the planting as soon as m, a ... i mi .L. mi Aiitjuvue crup wm gU as good a start as the weeds, etow iiu i m . v I third hoeing before timo for getting hay, and have abundant time in which to get perfectly ripe. Conn ty Gentleman. The Costly President. Such a man as Grant, with his dic tator airs and Bullen disregard of I every principle and practice of Repub licanism, is 'dear' at any price. The old salary of $25.00d would bo too much to pay him. But when we reck on up the dimes and dollars he an nually costs tho country (the loss by business derangement, depression and uncertainty no man can estimate, by no arithmetic- ia calcuable), we are ap nailed and stand achast at the Da- tience of the people. Truly ours is a iongsuitering and Mosesmeeic, or else a passing stoical people, when figues like these do not raise eacb particular tax paver. These figures ore a list of the personal expenses of the occupant of the White iiouee which were voted by Congress or al lowed by law in 1874. Read: Salary $50,000 Private Secretary 3,i00 Assistant Secretary 2,800 Executive Clerk 2,300 Steward 2,000 Messenger 1,200 Fireman 854 Policeman 1,320 Assistant Policeman 1,350 Night Watchman 900 Three Door-keepers one for the night and two for the day twelve hundred each 3,800 Incidential Expenses 6,000 Postage Stamps 600 Repairs to the Executive Mansion . . 20,000 New Furniture for White House. . 10,000 For Fuel and Hot-houses 5,000 For the Care of land Repairs in the Hot-houses 5,000 For Leveling South of the Executive Mansion 10,000 For Repairs to Pavement in trout of White House 1,500 For Repair of a dam in the Nnrsery Garden 1,200 For Repair of Fouutain South of Executive Mansion 3,000 Total $121,894. Now if the American people re-elect this extravagant man especially after he has shown that extravagance is not his worst sin, they will deserve to bleed' to a bigger amount than the above and to have the whole State system overthrown aud their liberties all taken away. Near Unto Death. When we walk near powerful machinery, we know that one mis step on those mighty engines will tear ua to iiuuuua nuu tucii uyiug wneeis, or gnnu us io powucr in their ponderous jaws. So, when we are thundering across the land 1- w if r a nothing but an inch of iron flange to hold us on the line. So, when we are in a ship, and there is noth ing but the thickness of a plank between us and eternity. We im asine then that we see how close we are to tne edge oi me precipice. liut we no noc see it. u uetner on the sea or on the land, the partition that divides us from eternity is som thing less than the oak plank or the half inch iron nange. 1 he m achm ery of life and death is within us The tissues that hold the powers in their place are often not thicker than a sheet of paper, and if that inin partition rupture, it wouiu dp the same as if a crnnon-ball had us. Death is inseperably bound up in lift in the very struo ture of our bodies. Struggle as we would to widen the space, no man ean at any time, go farther than the thickness oi paper. The Third Term. Grant's home organ the Nation-' al Republican, throws out the fol lowing hint: It is begining te be admitted that while the colored voters of the South are earnestly loyal to the Republican party in its principals, they beleive in President Grant to such an extent that he is about the only man in the country who could safely count upon their unanimous support. His influence with them is unquestioned, as is also their demand that he shall be renomina-. ted and re-elected. it has come to the very pass we iuppoBed it would. General Grant having failed to impress upon the white portion of his party the ne cessity ef nominating him for a third term falls back upon Sambo. Well as the Republican party has been depending upon the negroes for many years, we do not see why they should not dictate the next Presidential candidate. They will be compelled necessarily to do much of the voting. We are content. Mr. Fernando Wood does noc expect to be Speaker of the next House of Representatives. lie said to a reporter of the PhiladeN phia Times recently: 'While I have been named for the Speaker ship, and am not unmindful of the honor of the office, I do not expect to be elected. I shall probably be beaten because I will not relinquish my own individuality, and will not assume obligations and traffic for the place.' Mr. Wood seems to be tolerably confident of the success of his party in the next President tial campaign, for he said : "Noth mg can beat the democratic party in 1876. They will return to pows : I a.L t i !t "iV?! " " "c u?WBPaPer. Pre89 Buuuiu u against tnem. The nnu:,on "f V re.. 5 uu P"?7. lor uuniiuu, out a coa ution of indi- viduals for the war. That war cannot be galvanized again into an issue. I feel the absolnt ranee of easy victosy. He thinka that Judge David Davis has very strong prospects of winning tho Presidential race, that Gov. Tilden has made a genuine hit, and is insi clined to beleive that the republi cans will nominate Hamilton Fish. whom he thinks to be the man who has saved Grant's Cahi net fmm contempt. STATE NEWS. Col. R. S. Pattersoa ia the new Mayor of Salem. I The mast in Lenoir was destroyed I UJ recent com snap. The Kineton Gazette man hna rn. ceived his first strawberries of the season. The wheat crop in the Eastern counties was injured but very little by iue recent irosts. The Democratic gain in Charlotte at the recent city election was 292. The Observer thinks that Charott has between 8,000 and 10,000 inhabi tants. The Salem cornet band will blow for the Yadkin College coommence- ment. CoJ. J. W. Alspauizh was elected Mayor of Winston on Monday last. The right man in the right plaoe. Maj J. C. McRae delivered a Memorial address at Fayette ville on tue luth inst. The venerable Rev. Dr. HooDer will deliver the address of welcome to the State Medical Association on the 28th inst. Fayetteville elected a full demo cratic municipal ticket and there is considerable rejoiceiug over the re sult. The Fayetteville Military Compa nies have received and 'pitched' their tents for the Charlotte Centennial. Fast men drive fast horses in Sa lem at the peril of the ladies crossing- the streets, and that s what the Sa lem Press complains of. Several more tobacco factories com menced operations in Winston last week, and it is said that others will soon follow. . R m wJlK.m. i. mml. entl mentioned fls a candidate for I thftoonTOnt:on fomNaah. Shacnnld I Mnd no better man The Asheville Expositor says: We u k tu v...i Cranberry Iron works have been re cently sold for 8150,000. The dwelling and outhouses of Dr. Sherrill, near Catawba Station, Catawba county, were burnt on Satur- I day nignt, April 17th. KinBton is on the rise, says Bro. Wilson, of the Gazette. Several new residences and buildings are going up and rapidly approaching comple tion. A number of sharpers travelling: with a show that passed through Winston last week were arrested for stealing and gambling, and consigned 1 & 'trim ha' nf Fnnythj nnnnty. I . , , , , . , "Jlu" ua ne" ,a'ai the delegate, from, the coun- tv fc,Vh u xnnt,i tn h lum. j Tne meeting also made an approprt- I atioa for the purchase of a suitable I banner sr the delegation.