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The PtrPePhospnate Pofttier
25 Per Full Pound FARMERS EXCHANGE. The Seed and Stock Exchange Will Be a Feat ure of the Convention To The Forum: During the Tri State Gram and Stock Growers con vention held in Fargo last January, so much inquiry was made about seed grain, especially timothy seed and seed corn, that a Farmers Exchange was organized. Farmers having seed grain of any kind for sale therefore will do themselves and their neighbors a fa vor by exhibiting samples with prices at the convention to be held this year Jan i9-.\3. Stockmen also frequently have sires that cannot longer be profitably used on their herds or (locks and who de sire to exchange them for similar ani mals but of different kin. Considerable money can frequently be saved by such exchanges. It is hoped that farmers will take advantage of the Farmers Exchange and make it a feature of the forthcom ing convention. Pictures and pedigrees as well as descriptions of the stock offered for exchange can be bulletined and inter ested parties thus be brought together without inconvenience. Samples of grain and grasses of good ,v-typc and fine quality also can be ex •jilibited, to demonstrate the advantage of proper seed selection and good cul tivation. I would like, in addition, to suggest 1 The enormous consumption of Egg-O-See wherever introduced, exceeding that of all other Flaked Wheat Foods combined, proves conclusively that the introduction of a high-class-iuil weight package of Flaked Wheat Food which has struck a popular chord. By manufacturing in enormous quantities in the largest and most perfectly equipped food mill in the world, we can produce a full weight, high-grade product at this lower price. ASK YOUR GROOER FOR THE GREEN PAOKAOE. If your grocer does not keep it, send us his name and lOoents and we will send you a package, prepaid. +»+®48i SHKT. HHJD+vS)^ A. WALL LUMBER DEALER Corner Front and Eleventh Struts, Fargo, N. 0. 4T I lilt (Tl I fi 11 fljbWSMWfct* If yoti had not thought as a general theme for a "go as you please" discussion, the following: What system of crop rotation have you found most profitable for your locality? Owing to the importance of this question, it' is desirable to give it due prominence and it is hoped therefore that many farmers will come to the convention prepared to give their ex perience. A score of short talks on crop rotation will prove interesting and instructive. J. H. Worst, v-« Secretary. 4: i CONWAY NOTES. •.••3ottvay, N. D., Dec. i.—T$ The, Fo rum Jas. Mclntyre came over from Towner last Monday returning Satur day. Maud Rea tristtted iti 'Part River last Wednesday. E. Herwick came down from Park River last Friday returning Saturday, Mrs. Jos. Phelan, Miss Annie Berri gan and Ed Drager visited in Park River last Saturday. Clinton Johnson spent Thanksgiving with his parents in Union, Mrs. Finley had the inisfortune to fall down the cellar last Friday and' break her leg. She is doing nicely and we all hope for her speedy recovery. The Thanksgiving ball which was held for the benefit of the school was not a success. The weather being bad kept a number of people at home. of J- C.G+ CARPENTER, Pass. Act. A. T. 8. P. Ry. 803 Ouaraaty Loan Bids., MINNEAPOLIS?. MINN. ytrn Daily service of the California Limited nwwmed on He 29 for eighth season. Other fast daily trams carry Puttf man standard and tourist sleepers. Cor. C. For State News Read The Forum. RETAILS 13-699,237 "r *,. at II cts. I it why not makfe' plans now to go? If you are going, we/. have just a word for you about getting there* There is only one road which takes you up in Chicago Ofl Kansas C'itv and puts you down in Los Angeles or Francisco without the aid or consent of another. Tikis ono railroad i& the SANTA FE. It is thfe only lity? under one management between points named, which insures uniform and efficient service. ,:,i Upon request we will gladly mail 8an fact. a book ami a Writ- let. Use coupon below if you would like them. T|i*S book describes the trip to California by the way of the old Santa Fe trail. The booklet tolls of the Ca|i-* fornia Limited on the Santa Fe lly. Scenery finest ifi America. Train best in world. *^'^^1 tIND MB CAUroaRIA BOOK AKft UNITED BOOKLET Mum Street City •. 1 THE NINE SHIP CANALS. Sketch «l Cull That Already EtM-QrcM Value. V Washington^ Dec. a.—The renewed attention being given to the proposed isthmian canal at this time lends e$p 'pccial discussion of the great canals of ilic world., presented hy the department of conunercc and labor through .its bu reau of statistics. The ship canals of ,the world, it says, are nine in number, ja& follows: ir (i) The Suez Canal, begun in. 1859 jand completed 'in 1869. 2 T( 7) The Welland Canal, connecting Lake Erie with Lake Ontario. (8 and 9) The two canals, United States and Canadian, respectively, con necting Lake Superior with Lake Huron. THE SUEZ CANAL. The Sliez Canel is usually considered the' most important example of ship canals, though the number of vessels passing through it annually dots not equal that passing through the canals collecting Lake Superior with the chain of Great Lakes at the south. In length, it exceeds any of the other great ship canals, its total length being 90 miles, of which about two-thirds is through shallow lakes. The material excavated was usually sand, though in some cases strata of solid rock from 2 to 3 feet fn thickness were encountered. TTftfi' total excavation was about 8o,odo,ooo, cubic yards under the original plan, which gave a depth of 25 feet. In 1895 the ca nal was so enlarged as to give a depth of 31 feet, a width at the bottom' of k8 •feet and at the surface of 420. feet'. Tlifc original cost was $95,coo,oofr, and for the canal in its present fonii'slightly in excess of $ico.ccq,cco. Thk num ber of vessels passing tbr6ugh the canal in 1870. was 486, with a gross tonnage of 654, 915 tons in 1875, 1,494 vessels, ^ross tonnage. 2,940.708 tons in 1886, vessels, 2,026. gross tonnage, 4.344.519 tons in i8qo, 3,389 vessels gfoss tonnage 9,749, 129 tons in 1895. 3,434 vessels, gross tonnage. 11,833,637 tons and in 1900, 3,441 vessels, with a gross tonnage of THE CORINTH CANAL. The next of the great ship canals con necting bodies of salt water in the order of date of construction is the Corinth Canal, which connects the Gulf of Cor inth with the Gulf of Aegina. The ca nal reduces the distance from the Adria tic ports about 175 miles and from Medi terranean ports about 100 miles. Its length is about four miles, a part of which was cut through granitic soft rock and the remainder through soil. There are 110 locks, as is also the case in both the Suez and Cronstadt canals already dcScribed. The width of the canal is 72 feet at boUoin and the depth 2!b% toward payi which the 1 ££,«•• Jj*' Xf' £ssc -''£f V THE FARGO FORUM AND DAILY REPUBLICAN, WEDNESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 2, 1003. The Constadt and St. Petersburg Csnal, begun in 1877 and completed in jiSpo, I (3) The Corinth Canal, begun in 1884 and completed in 1893. (4) The Manchester Ship Canal, completed in 1894. (5) The Kaiser Wilhelm Canal, con necting the Baltic and North seas, com pleted in 1895. (6) The-Elbe'aiid Trave Canal, con necting the North Sea and Baltic, open ed in 1900. tons. The revenue of the ca nal is apparently large in proportion to its cost, the Statesman's Yearbook for 1901 giving the net profits of 1899 at 54, 153.660 francs, and the total amount dis tributed amon.?' the shareholders 5!, 538.028 francs, or about 10 per cent 6f the estimated cost 01 $100,000,000. The canal is wthout locks, being at sea level the entire distance. The length of time occupied in parsing through the canal averages about eighteen hours. By the use of electric lights throughout the entire length of the canal passages are made at night with nearly equal fa cility to that of day. The tolls charged are 9 francs per ton net register. Dan ube measurement," which amounts to slightly more than $2 per ton United' States ndt measurement. Steain vessels massing through the canal are propelled by their own power. CKONSTADT AKD ST. PETERSBURG CANAti.' The canal connecting the Bay of Cron stadt with St. Petersburg is described as a work of great strategic and commercial importance to Russia. The canal and sailing course in the Bay of Cronstadt arc about 16 miles long, the canal proper being 6 miles and the bay channel about 10 miles, and they together extend from Cronstadt. 011 the Gulf of Finland, to St. Petersburg. The canal was opened in 1890 with a navigable depth of 20V2 feat, the original depth having been about 9 feet the width ranges from 220 to 350 feet. The total cost is estimated at about $10,000,000. fefit. The work was begun in 1884 and com pleted in 1893 at a cost of about'$5,000, 000. The average tolls are 18 ce:nts per ton land 20 cenfs per passenger.!' THE MAKCHESTER SHIP CAKiUU The Manchester Ship Canal, which connects Manchester, England, with the Mersey River,. Liverpool, and the At lantic Ocean, was opened for traffic Jan. 1, 1894. The length of the eatlal is 35 5^ miles, the total rise from thtf ,yater level to Manchester being 60 feet, which is divided between four sets' tof locks, priving an average to each of 15 feet. The minimum width is lao-feet.at the bottom and averages 175 feet at.th?,wa* ter level, though in places the y^4thi Wj extended to 230 feet. .The, pninjmuip depth is 26 feet, and the time required for navigating the canal from five, to, eight hours. The total amount,.of cavation in the canal and docks was about 45,000000 cubic yards, of which about. one-fourth was sandstone rock. The gates are operated by hydraulic power railways and bridges crossing the route of the canal have been raised to. gi\*e a height of 75 feet to vessels tra^ versing the canal, and an ordinary canal whose route it crosses is carried acros by a springing aqueduct composed an iron caisson resting upon a piy pier. The total co«t of the canal is givefir at $75,ooo.ooq. The revenue in 1931, ac cording to the Statesman's' Yearbook, was £621,ia&. and the working exL £483.467. For-the half year ettiin June 30, 1990 thf canal yielded te. £ita,SPO of in rf Master his the enter that of the corresponding period of the preceding year. THE KAISER WILHELM cXNAL. Two canals conect the Baltic and North Seas through Germany,.the first known as the Kaiser Wilhelm Canal, having been completed in 1895 and con structed largely for military and naval purposes, but proving also of great value' to general mercantile traftic. Work upon the Kaiser Wilhelm^Canal was begun in J887. and completed as above indicated, in 1895. The length of the canal is 61 miles, the terminus in the Baltic Sea be ing at the harbor of Kiel. The rl* is 29^ feet, the width at the bottom 72 feet, and the minimum width at the surface 190. feet. The route lies chieflv through marshes and shallow lakes and along river valleys. The total excavation amotmted to about 100,000,000 cubic yards, and the cost to about $40,000,000. The number of vessels passing through the canal in 1900 was 21.571 with a ton nage of 4,382,258. and the dues collected amounted to 2.133,155 marks. GREAT LAKE CANALS. Three ship canals intending to give continuous passage to vessels from the' head of Lake Superior to Lake Ontario and 'the St. Lawrence River are the Wel land Canal, origially constructed in 1833 and enlarged in 1871 and 1900 the St. Marys Falls Canal at Sault Ste. Marie, Mich., opened in 1855 and enlarged in 1881 and -1896, and the Canadian Canal at St. Marys River opened in 1895. In uoint of importance, measured at least by their present use, the canals at the St. Marys River by far surpass that of the Welland Canal, the number of vessels passing through the canals at St. Marys River being eight times as great as the number passing through the Weliand, and the tonnage ©f the former nearly forty times as great as the latter. One of the important products of .the Lake Superior region, iron ore, is chiefly used in the section contigiotis to Lake Erie, and a large proportion of grain coming from Lake Superior passes from Buffalo ta' the Atlantic coast by way of the Erie Canals and the railroads centering in Buffalo. The most important article in the: westward shipments through the Sault Ste. Marie canals, coal, originates iii the territory contiguous to Lake Erie. These conditions largely account for the fact that the number and ton nage of vessels passing through the St. Marys River canals so greatlyt exceed tliose of the Welland Canal. V The IVclland Canal— In 1900 the number of ves sels passing through the United States caqal was 16,144. and through the Ca nadian 3,003, showing an increase of 1.2po in the number of vessels passing through the Canadian canal, and a slight decrease in the number through the United States canal, tKe increase in num ber in passing through tne Canadian ca nal having been due to the development of the Michipocoten district. The ton nage passing through the United States ca^al in 1902 was: Registered tonnage, 27,408,021 tons in 1901,22,222.334 tons, against 20,136.782 in the year 1900 the freight tonnage was 25,026,522 tons, against 23.251-539 tons in 1900. The Ca nadian canal shows: Registered ton nage in 1902,4.547,561 in 1901. 2404.642 tons, against' 2,160.490 in 900. A marked contrast between the business of the St. Miarys Falls and the Welland canals is wound in a comparison of their figures for a term of years. The number of ves-, sels passing through the Welland canal in 1873 was 6.425 and in 1899, 2,202, a re duction of more than one-half in the number of vessels. The number of ves sels passing through the St. Marys Falls Canal in 1873 was 3,517, and in 1902, through the American and Canadian ta naU, 22,659. t} QUESTION ANSWEREP. Ves. Apgust Flower still has the lifgf- est sale of- any medicine in the -civilised World. Your mothers and grandmoth ers never thought of using anything, else for indigestion or biliousness. Doc tors were scarce aud they seldom heard of appendicitis, nervou* prostration or ift failure, ctc. Th*jp psei Attj 'V to clean out thft. fermentation of So&&. ktc, the action pf tlMj^ver, stimu nirvous and online action of jyst«m, and that A The Welland Canal connects Lake Ontario and Lake Erie on the Canadian side of the river. It was constructed in 1833 and enlarged in 1871 and again in 1900. The length of the canal is 27 miles, the number of focks 25. the total rise of lockage 327 feet, arid the total cost about $25,000,000. The annual collection of tolls on freight, passengers and vessels averages about $225,coo and the canal is open on an average of about 240 days in a year. The Sault Ste. Marie Canals—The nals pf Sault Ste. Marie, -Mich., and Ontario, are located adjacent to the falls of the St. Marys River, which connects Lake Superior with Lake Huron and lower or raise vessels from one level to another a height of 17 to 20 feet. The. canal belonging to the United States was begun in 1853 by the state of Michigan and .opened in 1855, the length Of the ci lia! being 5,674 feet,' and provided tfith t*\Vo tandem locks, each being 350 feet in-length and 70 feet* wide, and allow ing passage of vessels drawing 12 feet, tile original cost being $1,000,000. The United States government, by consent of the state, began in 1870 to enlarge the canal, and by 1881 had increased its length to 1.6 miles, its width to an aver age of 160 feet, and its depth to 16 feet: also had built a single lock 515 feet long apd 80 feet wide, with a depth of 17 feet on Hie sills,' which \va's "located 100 feet south of the state locks. The state re linquished all control of the canal in March', 1882. In 1887 the state locks were torn down and replacetl bv a single lock 800 Ifeet Jong, 190 feet widel and a .depth of 22 feet of water on the sills. This lock was put in commission in 1896. The ca nal was also deepened to 25 feet. The Canadian calial, 1% miles long, 150 feet Wide and 2 fee* deep, with lock 900 feet long[, 60 feet wide, with 22 feet on the miter sills, was built on the north side of the river during the years 1888 to 1895. The mimber of vessels passing through the United States canal in 1902 was 15.588. and through the Canadian canal 4.204. 't V 'i ca NORTH DAKOTA ivrMNiPSQ loronKi CnOOKTTO* 4*«r- ,. THE is all they J&ok JleUfrg dolt find bad other Vdd toTofoeto, The Quality Smoke •v. A'Popular Price 5c Sold Everywhere The Largest Selling Bftaad of Cigars In the World THE BAND IS THE SMOKER'S PROTECTION »500 THE CHICAGO Why pay the combine $100 tof a typewriter, when you can get Chicago for $35? Buy a Chi cago and give the $65 to your Mother-in-Law for Christmas. Capable, Speedy and Durable This machinc meets all the require ments exacted oftflrsi class standard fjltypewritetsi and are giving the best satisfaction Vherfcver seen and used. The Chicago Hias a Universal Key Board quick, responsive touch, and a perfesct Hlignt^eiu. It is stiong, sim ple, light and^ portable. -Send for DtawlpUvc CatalagsM and ferthtr details I Ai 1 FN Artont -7 Gained MRS. LUCY M. COOPER, 79 Carlton Ave., Brooklyn, N. U Gained Four Pounds a Week, Thanks to DUFFY'S PURE MALT WHISKEY l¥mended rfc "4 ,\. 4 vi*' Vt s the world, and would pot bs without it* Mrs. Lucy M. Cooper. Mrs stranger' whowost Several months after'this she met- the stranger, who saidt "Madam, I waut to thank you for saving my life the day you told me to take Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey. You are the best doctor I ever know. an now able to attend to business, and my cough u has disappeared." lie is now,a well,man, and goes to his office daily. Mrs. Cooper spoke to him through lifiy when Bhe saw hia coydition, and is glad to know she helped him. ''M DUFFY'S PCRE MALI? WHISKEY is invaluable for overworked men, deUcate romen and sickly children. Xt strengthens ahd sustains the system, is a promoter of good eaith and longevity, makes the old young and keeps the young strong, :V Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey is the only whiskey recognized by tne Government As a medicine. This is a guarantee. ^OOMtoctors Unscrupulous dealers, mihdful of the excellence of this preparation, wiU try to sen you ch»p imitations and so-5alIed Malt \VhiBkey substitutes which are put on the market for profit only, aud \rtilcb, far from Mlieving the sick, are positively harmful1. Demand Duffy's," and tje sure you get it. It is the only absolutely pure malb whbkey which i contains medicinal, health-giving qualities. Look for the trade-mark," Tbs Old Chemist^ on thelat v -C*'- The genuine Duffy's Pure Malt Whiskey is sold by all druggists and grocers, or direct, 7 ,. at $1.00 a bottle. Never sold in flasks or in bulk. Write for free medical booklet coh« tiining symptoms and treatment of each disease and ooatvincing tftStimrralsln to the Puff* Malt Whiskey Ca, Koohaster, N. Y. HOLIDAY EXCURSIONS. V ir y -J i -lApK 'W'W I-,' l'AS aS.|fS|a A- SOUTH DAKOTA "I have n»ed Daffy's J^ire Malt"WWskef V I i V #:•. i.for the past IS years, and can truthfully ftay V Ait has cured me on several occasions of the ,L'|'' grip, and once of a severe attack of rfcoitma-' ...— eep»«». •fe^a cold, or cure one. I am sliOT-one years old, ,, n'. |and don't look moro t!laii43. Ihaverecom- UVvp helped them, and are satisfied with its V.. ..benefits. I think it the fiuest stimnlont in '.v rr'-i-r As it to many of my friends, and all aay W- j« 1 v--. w a W ben he finally stopped coughing he replied: & I have tried everything, madam, and have mrs lost all faith in doctors and dnga but I will take your adviccj." 1 'r\Vv:%5v^-! 1 vff v 1 iiiiii, w i, I *9«TSKAL v it •'ill 1' Tl"'Mm*" I TRAVELED ROUTBiliiiS wwmmmKmli LfllS-N' mk'&A ir 1 Vv 1 4?