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The Fargo forum and daily republican. [volume] (Fargo, N.D.) 1894-1957, February 06, 1907, Image 9

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042224/1907-02-06/ed-1/seq-9/

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In an open letter, to the Herald at
Grand Forks, Rep. George A. White
wh° is the father of the new primary
bill thfet has been introduced and an
Insurgent leader in the legislature de
mand* that the Herald publish the
same in contradiction to its attitude
taken on the primary bill of Mr.
White. The letter is of interest to the
citizens throughout the state in as
much as tho Herald throughout the
last campaign posed as a reform paper
Attd supported the Insurgent element
o tlie state, and Is as follows:
Feb. 4, 1907, Editor of the Herald,
Grand Forks, N. D.,—Dear Sir: 1
note with a degree of interest your
savage attacks on my primary bill in
recent issues of your paper. I would
very sorry to think that a great re
form paper like the Herald, would in
tentionally misrepresent the case in &
matter of sojnuch importance. From
opportunity to the rich man and the^w0
Then you comment upon it in such
a way as to make me appear ridicu
lous as claiming that I have discov
ered a way to prevent office seeking.
!phe words quoted will not bear out
ahy
such construction and the explan
ation which followed, makes It per
ftlctly clear that~notbing of the kind
was intended,
Here Is what I said on that head:
First: It, H. Bt 19, permits the of
fice to seek the man. I do not claim
that it will entirely prevent offlce
Bfeeking, no power on earth could do
that but, in theory, a convention in a
deliberative body, and under this plan
it would be so in fact to a much
greater degree than It has ever been
before. It would have the power, and
In some cases it would use It, to go
'. outside of the crowd of clamoring as
pirants,and select a candidate for some
itnportant office on his merits alone
At least It would be possible for It to
#o so, and in any case the candidate
0 a convention has something to re
commend him beside the mere fact
that he wants the office.
The people through their chosen re
presentatives, have the Initiative. Un
der the other system they have noth
ing to say about who shall be candi
dates on the primary ballot.
The petition feature is a mere farce.
Any one can get a petition signed for
fen office. Therefore any one who has
the price can get on the ticket, either
*ith the idea of winning himself oy
bo draw votes from some othqr candi
date and prevent his winning. The
only voice the people have in the mat
ter Is to choose between these men
who are thrusting themselves forward
and who want office so badly that they
are willing to pay a price for the priv
ilege of running for it."
And the second point you again
misrepresent me by making me argua
.. that the fee is what makes it too bur
densome for the poor man or the man
Of moderate means to run for office.
But here is what I said to you on
that point:
Second: It, the direct primary,, Is a
tieh man's law and, therefore, a rail
road company law. It is true that the
fee required is small, merely nominal,
es far as money is concerned, but it is
A mighty heavy bill when considered
,as a draft on one's self respect.
This fee, however, is not what con
stitutes it the rich man's law. That
Is nominal, and one can pay it. But
every candidate must make his own
campaign and pay his own expenses
tunless the railroads and other spec-
:|al
interests pay them for him) for
fidvertising himself and getting his
name, virtues and qualifications be
fore the people of the state. Now the
Jiatural and legitimate expenses of
S.BUch a campaign is more than any
fetatj
office
is worth to an honest man
•who intends to serve the people faith
fully when he gets in. But this legili
,-lnate expanse, heavy as it is, is light
Jn comparison with the illegitimate cx
prnses. livery .candidate at once
-tomes a fair mark lor the newspaper
grafter. He must not only pay the
Jioncst press for space to advertise his
"virtues,
but hfe must also pay tin.
\grafter for mere silence lest some long
forgotten thing be dug up and pub
'j llsherl about him to his injury, or more
•s. 'likely that something be manufacture*
'espec'aJly for the occasion. A hot
'fight for governor may cost a candi
date thousands of dollars. Who can
afford to pay this expense? First
there is the wealthy man who is am
'^bitlous for the honor and willing to
obtain it at any cost and there is the
-politician who is glad to become a
''tool in the hands of some powerful
interest in exchange for his campaign
expenses. There is no place here for
the honeat poor man or the man of
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Letter of Representative
tltl Attack on His Primary Bill
The Grand Forks Herald Is Given a Hot Shot by One
of the So=Called Insurgent Leaders.
Representative White in-an. Open Letter to the Reform
Paper Answers the Several Attacks That Were
Made on His Primary Bill.
moderate means who Intends to put
Jn his time for the people and get
nothing for it but his salary.
On the second point I claim that
my plan is fairer to the poor man.
Money cannot be Bhdrn of its power
under any system of elections but
with the convention and referendum in
use, its power would be greatly re
duced for the reason that any unfair
'or even excessive use of money to se
cure a convention nomination would
be known' to the people, and
would be resented at the pri
mary, so that It would react
against the man who used it to some
extent, at least. Then, too, the candi
dates of the convention would be in
an entirely different position in regard
to making a personal campaign from
that of a candidate put on the ticket
by petition, as will be seen hereafter."
That of the majority rule, I said
On the third point, that of majority pjace(j
your editorial of Jan. 29, it seems rule, you will notice, that under my party. Then the defeated candi
clear to me either that you do not. Plan, we eliminate all the weaker can
understand the bill and my position on didates, and bring the contest down
It, or that you are. not disposed to -to a struggle between the two strong
treat it fairly. For instance you quote'es* men for each place on the, ticket,
itte correctly as follows: land of course one or the other of them
"First, the law should at least permit must be nominated by a majority.
t£e office to seek the man, and not! ket
rne
ibompel the man to seek the office. jby way of illustration. At the last
"Second. It should afford an
equal
take one concrete example
republican state convention there were
wel1
poor man to come before the people 'convenience are spoken of as Stal
tor offices and that without the loss|warts
defined factions, which for
anc^
Of self respect and humiliation, due to tween these two factions was clearly
paying a fee for the privilege of being defined and well understood all over
a candidate.
"Third. And this is the most Import
ant of all: It should be based on the
Absolute right ef the majority to rule,
ftnd require a majority to nominate."
Insurgents. The issue be-
the state. The Stalwarts having a
majority of the convention, slated
Gov. Sarles for governor and nomin-
ated him. The Insurgents selected. jg
Ex-congressman M. H. Johnson to
lead the forlorn hope. The result and
what followed is now history and it is
not my purpose to discuss it here. The
point is that* It was a family row in
the party, and there should have been
a way to settle it in the party.
Under my plan, both of these men
would have been nominated for a place
on the primary ballot. These two and
no more would have a chance to fight
it out before the republicans of the
state. Mr. Sarles having the prestige
of the majority nomination In the con
vention.
It may be assured as a fact that in
most state conventions there will be
two more or less clearly defined fac
tions. The one faction may be some
what radical and represent or claim
to represent the people. The other
faction will be rather more conserva
tive, and will claim to be more repre
septative of the business interests. It
may be open to the charge of unduly
favoring the railroads and other great
Interests. These 'two factions will
meet in convention, in the lime light
of publicity, and there fight it out. The
stronger faction will make the regular
nominations as majority candidates,
but the other faction will be entitled
to the second place on the -primary
ballot. The issue between the fac
tions whatever, the Issues may be,
whether railway regulation, govern
ment ownership, prohibition, resub
mission or whatever it may be will be
well understood by the people, and the
support that each candidate receives
in the convention will prove conclu
sively to which camp he belongs. Tho
people can then vote intelligently and
have their vote so concentrated that
they will count.
The power of money, the local poll
tlcian, the subsidized press, free trans
portation and booze will still have a
great Influence, but their influence will
be reduced to the minimum, and each
candidate will not be obliged to meet
and combat It alone. His name on a
ticket will be something more than a
mere name It will stand for some
thing definite In the minds of the peo
ple in an issue that has been clearly
joined in the convention. Had this
plan been in use for the last ten or
twelve years the results would have
been very different. It puts a prem
ium on honesty and fair dealing all
through, because every man to .suc
ceed must have a majority of the plain
every day people with him, and that
is very hard to get by either trickery
or money when, the fight must be
made in the open as I would have it
done."
I am told that the gentleman now
in charge of The Herald does not be
lieve in political parties at all. 1 do
not pretend to know that this* is true,
but from such things that have ap
peared In the paper one is led to be
lieve that it is true. For instance,
he has advocated that all nominees for
otlicc be placed on the general election
ballot in a singlo column, and that
without party designation. This plan
would soon obliterate all party lines,
and Is in keeping with the statement
quoted above*
Now, I submit that any man who
entertains such ideas -as that Is not
tho person to give advice on a ques
tion of primary election, which is
purely a party matter. The man who
would destroy all political parlies is
not a proper mentor for republicans
who seek to preserve their party.
However it might be expected that
such a man would discuss primary
without any regard to its effect upon
party organization.
Under the direct system, a lot of
candidates nominated by pluralities,
which in effect means minorities, get
together after they are nominated, and
proceed to tell the party what H. be-
White
lieves and wants, and if the party
don't believe and want these things
which its candidates says it believes
and wants, it is so much the worse
for the party. All it can do is to vote
against its own candidates, which it
will do.
Then again under the direct system
a candidate may be nominated say by
thirty per cent of his party vote, the
seventy per cent having been_ scat
tered on several candidates, but this
man who gets the nomination may be,
and generally will be the very man
that the seventy per cent don't want.
Wili the seventy per cent go to the
polls and vote for their party candi
date? If they do will they be satis
fled with the result? And, will this
seventy per cent vote for the candi
dates of the other party? And, if
they do that, will they be satisfied
with then, result? Why not go about
this election business in a rational
manner. First, let a convention of
delegates fresh from the people elected
for that purpose, meet as a delibera
tion body, and declare the party plat
form and principles. Then let candi
dates who can accept that platform be
on
jt by
a
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A N A I Y E U I A N
REPUBLICAN, ESTABLISHED SEPT. 5, 1878, FABGO, KOBTH DAKOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 6, 1007. FOBUM ESTABLISHED NOV. 17, 1891,
majority vote of
dates will be more inclined to accept
thgir defeat gracefully and support
the ticket, because they know that
they were,fairly beaten.
You say the principles of my bill
are all wrong. That is an assertion
that is easily made, and may be your
opinion of it. But speaking of pri
mary principles, did you ever under
take to defend the principles of this
Wisconsin law (which is the same as
the Sharpe and Sorley bills.) If so
would like to meet you, for in all the
time I have been in primary election
fights, I have never yet met a single
man who pretended to defend that law
Ug merits. The oniy
argument for
expect It
That
may be true to this extent, that they
have not heard of anything better.
But they do expect us to use our
brains and give them the best we can
devise.
The charge that the bill Is unwork
able may be dismissed until the Her
aid furnishes a bill of particulars,
will simply say tljat the brightest men
in the house have been over it care
fully and have not found that defect
You also say that the bill is too
bungling, that the people will get dls
gusted because they will have to get
out and vote so often. This proves
that either you don't understand the
bill or that you don't want to be fair,
Under the direct system the people
get out to a primary and an election
every two years, and caucuses to elect
delegates to the national convention
once in four years. That is, they turn
out five times in four years. My plan
contemplates one more caucus every
four years, that is, turn out six times
in four, years instead of but five times.
Only a very small percentage of the
people attend conventions, and they
are always glad to go, so that fea
ture is no objection to the bill. My
plan Is conceded to. be something new
in the way of primary election laws.
Governor La Follette called a special
session of the legislature lt\ Wisconsin
to amend their law so as to secure
majority rule but they failed to de
vise a plan to bring it about.
Governor Johnson of Minnesota, in
his last message, takes very strong
grounds iagair.st extending the direct
primary to state offices in that state,
and among his suggestions as to what
might be done to improve matters
there, I find the following:
I believe the jaw would be improved
by providing that political parties
through conventions might be per
mitted to nominate two or more can
didates to be placed upon the elec
tion ballot, and to allow the people to
choose between these nominations."
i
V
""•fills, you will see is getting pretty
close to my plan, and on one In the?'
days considers Johnson either a knav.
a fool. He is recognized as an hon
st man, and one of the brainiest in
he whole northwest, even if he is
a
einocrat.
In conclusion let me say, as I did
n the beginning, that I sincerely hope
the injustice done me and the bill I
am trying to make a law, was not in
UptlorJaL Respectfully
George A. White.
ALA8KAN MINER WEDS.
Eliaa S. Gifford and Miss Nellie 8he
wan Married in New York.
New York, Feb. 6.—In the Hotel St.
Regis, this morning Miss Nellie She
wan, eldest daughter of James She
wan, was married to Elias S. Gifford,
of Boston. Mr. Gifford is a hub brok
er and has extensive interests in Alas
kan mines. Mr. Shewan is one of the
largest owners of dock property in tho
world. Mr. and Mrs. Gifford sail to
morrow for Europe, where the honey
moon will be spent.
PACIFIC COAST DEFENSE.
Cldimed by Authorities That Present
Defenses Are Inadequate.
Washington, Feb. 6.—Naval ai|d mil
itary authorities complain that the
coast defenses of the Pacific coast are
altogether inadequate to repel the at
tack of a hostile nation and that In
San Francisco alone there is a deficit
of more than 3,000 officers and men to
adequately man the guns which guard
the entrance to the harbor, while the
same lack Is found proportionately at
all other ports of the coast. Owing to
the action of the California promotion
committee a bill is now to be Introduc
ed to congress and it is expected that
the result of the complaints made will
be to place the Pacific coast in com
plete defensive position.
PURE FOOD SHOW.
Faetura of the Annual Meeting of the
Illinois Retail Merchant* Asao.
Peoria, III., Feb. 6.—One of the prln
clpal features at the annual conven
tion of the Retail Merchants associa
tion in the Coliseum here today, was a
pure food show planned for the pur
pose of giving people of Peoria an idea
of the extent of the pure food articles
carried by the jobbers and manufac
turers. The Coliseum is decorated in
a unique and original manner and
there are no less than sixty compre
hensive exhibits. The show will last
for ten days during which time tin
promoters announce that two baby
shows will be held and valuable prizes
given to the best looking child. There
will also be an exhibition of cooking
by gas and electricity and other at
tractions. There were over 500 Illi
nois dealers in attendance this morn
ing when the convention opened,
Amongst the questions to be consider
ed are the review of the decision re
pealing the municipal garnishment
law, consideration of the commercial
advantages of the deep water way
from the lakes to the gulf, etc.
FAST MAIL SERVICE.
New Service to Go Into Effect in Ire
land Under Bill in Parliament.
Dublin, Feb. 6.—At a meeting of the
Irish parliamentary part^ in the rotun
da, tonight steps w«re taken to intro
duce a bill to parliament for the es
tablishment of the new fast mail ser
vice between Blacksod Bay on the west
coast of.Ireland and Halifax. Mr.
Bryce, now United States ambassador,
while chief secretary for Ireland was
the first to bring the matter under
public notice. While the time during
his tenure'of office for the notification
of proposed bills to the parliamentary
authorities, it is proposed to ask par
liament for a suspension of the stand
ing orders In order that the way may
be clear fqr the promotion of the bill
next session. All the Irish members,
irrespective of party, are in favor of
the project and the new move is creat
ing considerable discussion In the
country as all believe It will be of im
mense benefit to the west of Ireland
without in any way interfering with
iQueenstown as a port of call for the
transatlantic liners at present calling
there.
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CfiMEST "POET
LARIAT'S" WILL
NEPHEW 8EEKS TO HAVE WILL
SET ASIDE.
More Than a'Million Dollars Left to
the American Bible Society—It is Al-
jleged That the Will Filed tfc
Forgery and not the Right Will.
Mlneola, L. I., Feb. John
Cotter
of Augusta, a nephew of and a lega
1 tee under the will of the late Biood-
good H. Cutter "Poet Lariat" of Long
Inland, who died at Little Neck, leav
ing more than $1,000,000, half of which
the will gave to the American Bible
society, is today contesting the will
before Surrogate Jaeksori* Donald
Do Witt, his Counsel declares that for
gery was committed. He says the
will was filed in another handwriting
after It had been signed and executed.
The words inserted in the second
clause cut ojf his client from getting
a Little Neck farm valued at $150,000,
and leaves it to his son John Cutter,
jr., who lives In Brooklyn. This in
sertion also cuts off three other child
ren of Cutter who would inherit the
farm on his death. Harris W. Lowne,
who represented the bible society, has
no objection to the probate of the will.
A John Jutter, who mysteriously dis
appeared from here some years ago
leaving a wife and three children Is
represented by counsel. The case is
expected to occupy some time as a
number of witnesses will have to be ex
amined.
MAKE8 LONG VOYAGE.
KNIGHTS OF MALTA.
Big Meeting of the Uniformed Division
Meeting in Harrisburg.
so
With
U. 8. Collier Sails for Samoa
5,000 Tons of Coal.
Brooklyn, Feb. 6.—The U. S. collier
Brutus sailed today for Samoa with
r»,000 tons of coal. The trip will take
four months. The distance is 13,000
miles. The last trip of the Brutus
was around the world once when she
towed the mammoth dry dock Dewey
to Manila.
v
Harrisburg, Pa., Feb. 6.—The mem
bers of the Uniformed Division No. 1
Knights Of MaltJlk are visiting tihe
Cincinnaties Commandery today. Tho
latter will cotifer the White degree on
a class of candidates. Practically the
whole members of the uniformed divi
sion are present and the gathering is
one of the largest of Its kind that ever
took place in this country.
QUEBEC GRAPHITE.
Large Deposits Have Been Diacovared
Which Will Supply the World.
Quebec, Feb. 6.—Owing to the sup
plies of graphite in Ceylon having
nearly become exhausted the discov
eries of large deposits in this prov
ince are looked upon as a matter of
great Importance to the country. As
there is also evidence of the exhaus
tion of the supply In Bavaria it now
looks as If the world will have to de
pend for Its supply from the new
graphite regions here. Mining has
commenced in Labelle and a large
grinding and refining mill Is ready
t# start at Calamut, which Is in th
same region, and at Buckingham still
more extensive work has been under
taken. At the latter place it has been
found that there is some lime mix
ed with the ore but millions of dollars
are to be expended in machinery to
emove it.
Washington, Jan. 29.—The national
capital vied with the British metropo
lis for honors in the fog line recently.
Footpads took advantage of the heavy
pall which enveloped the cUy and
many cases of assault were reported
to the police. Although extra precau
tions were taken by sending out. extra
patrolmen to the less frequented beats,
robberies were committed within a few
feet of the minions of the law. Harry
H. Playle of London, Eng., who is vis
Iting here, said: "I have lived in Lon
don all nty life, but rarely in my ex
perience have I seen so,dense a fog
as that which hovered over Washing
ton Saturday night."
i As a result of telling a very clever
story tp a crowd of willing listeners,
R( pi serif atlve Ryan of New York has
tbeen unanimously elected a member
of the Amalgamated Order of Fable
•f ites. "Buffalo Bill," as he Is fondly
i
called by his intimates, was sitting in
the democratic cloak room of the
house,
apparently absorbed in figuring
out just how badly cattle might suffer
for want of rest, food and water, when
i some low comedian addressed him
I with "Tell a story, father." Mr. Ryan
[complied with the following:
"A down souf colored lady who was
i visiting in Buffalo, heard about a great
magician that was in town, and of the
wonderful things he could do, and de
elded to go and see him. She went to
the theatre where he was performing,
and secured a front seat. When the
magician appeared he had a piece of
red flannel with which he covered a
newspaper and read the news through
the flannel. The old lady began to
squirm in her chair. The magician
('doubled the flannel and read the paper.
the old m^mmy turped to a
'•'f j-",
PAPER.
IS
AN INJUSTICE
MINOT COMMERCIAL CLUB OB­
JECTS TO RECENT ORDER.
ftafbfotlon Adopted by the HtfhM Or
ganization Appealing to the Presi­
dent to Rescind Order Promulgated
at Washington.
The commercial club ttold
that If
claT club of Mlnot has Just gotten out
a pamphlet memorializing President
Roosevelt. The club appeals to the
president that the# order promulgated
under date of Jan. 25, which require®
that in the matter of all final proof®,
no final certificate or patent shall be
Issued until an investigation iias been
made by the authorized officer of the
United States, be rescinded or modi
fied
as to permit the Issuance
final certificates in all cases of home
stead proofs except where there are
reasonable grounds to believe the proof
fraudulent. The club also asks that
the power to determine whether or not
final receipts should Issue be vested in
the officers
of
the local landoffice.
Minot, N. D., Feb. 6.—The commer
the order as it now reads, is enforced,
it will create great hardship and suf
fering to the settlers in the state ef
North Dakota and especially In the
Minot district, because of the fact that
most settlers are unable, through pov
erty, to cultivate or reside on their
lands without securing loans for whLch
they must give mortgages.
With barely sufficient means to car
ry them until the time of making final
proof, many have been compelled to
get their actual livfng necessities up
on credit in order to continue real
der.ee, and particularly is this true lit
case of commutation proof where tho
settler pays $1.'J5 an acre for his land,
and no money can be borrowed upon
such land until final or commutation
proof Is made and approved, and until
the final certificate and receiver's final
receipts are Issued by the local office.
The 'resolutions have been printed
In pamphlet form and have been mail
ed to every commercial club In the
state, every landoffice, members of the
legislature, members of congress and
the United states senate, as well ae
the. Interior department and the presi
dent of the United States.
TO EXPLORE ALASKA.
Dr. George B. Gordon to Start on Ex
pedition to Study People of North*
Philadelphia, Pa., Feb. 6.—Dr. Oeor*e
B. Gordon, curator of the department
of ethnology in the museum of science
and art has nearly all arrangements
made for the starting of the expedi
tion organized by the University of
Pennsylvania to explore Alaska. It Is
announced that special attention will
be given to the Behring sea and thut
the habits and customs of the people
llvlpg 'n this bleak region will
bp
fully studied.
Co?m spondtnee* By Wlllliin Wolff Smith.
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NEW SUSPENSION BRIDGE.
New Bridge the Longest in the World
la Being Projected in New York.
New York, Feb. 8.—A new suspen
sion bridge, 150 feet above high water,
with a span of 3,000 feet, the longest
in the world, and estimated to cost
$35,000,000 is being projected here. It
will probably be built between Four
teenth and Forty-Second street to tho
New Jersey side. However another
part of the project would reduce this
sum by $500,000 for the promoters also
agree to construct a small bridge
close by which would cost that sum.
lady sitting next to her and said
'Lor, chile, I must git out ob heah.'
The lady reassured her, saying the
man would not hurt her. 'Ah knows
dat, honey,' replied the colored wom
an, 'but dls aint no place for a woman
wlf only a calico dress on.'"
The other day Representative
Landis accosted Representatives Hay
and Lamb of Vlrgina, and asked
them if there war, any truth in the
story he heard In Indiana about the
large number and the great strength
of the Virgina crows. Landis says
somebody told him the following story
and swore it to be gospel: "The crows
were terrible in Virginia, and we had
scarcely planted the corn when the
crows followed us, scratching up and
gobbling every grain, and we had the
planting to do over again. The men
would lire at the crows, driving them
over in a field of the next plantation,
where they would settle on the
branches of a dead tree. Then the
men there would fire at them and drlvfc
them back again. Thus they went to
and fro like a shuttle. At last an
idea struck me. I was having the roof
of my bam pitched and graveled.
called over a man and had a talk. Wo
agreed to take several buckets of the
hot pitch and send the niggers up that
tree with brushes and buckets and
pitch the tree—branches and trunk.
We did so, and then gathered in tho
other field and scared the crows ouL
Away they went, helter-skelter, for the
tree. They had not more Than lighted
than they stuck. Having our axes
handy, and clubs convenient, we
started to cut down the tree. As soon
as the tree began to fall the trunk
parted from the stump, when, with ono
accord, the crows flapped their wings
and flew away with the tree."
a
?&'•
lc%Ji_'+
15., tiwi

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