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The Fargo forum and daily republican. [volume] (Fargo, N.D.) 1894-1957, March 28, 1907, Image 9

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9 to 12.
Nfearly a Million Dollars a Month
Been Expended in the Work, and as
a Result 10,000 People HaveTefcen
Up Residence in the Desert.
Washington, March 28L—A summa^
tion of the work of the reclamation
service to Jan. 1 shows that it has
dug 1,267 miles of canals, or nearly
the distance from Washington to
Omaha. Some of these canals carry
whole rivers, like the Truckee river
in Nevada and the North Platte in
Wyoming, The tunnels excavated are
forty-seven in number and have an
aggregate length of nine and a half
ttllles. The service has erected ninety
foUr large structures, including the
great dams in Nevada and the Mini
doka dam in Idaho, 80 feet high and
850 feet long. It has completed 670
headworks, flumes, etc. It has puilt
876 miles of wagon road in mountain
ous country and into heretofore inac
cessible regions. It has erected and
in operation 727 miles of telephones.
Its own cement mill has manufactured
70,000 barrels of cement, and the pur
-chased amount is 312,000 barrels. Its
oWn saw mills have cut 3,036,000 feet
B. M. of lumber, and 6,540,000 feet
have been purchased. The surveying
parties of the service have completed
topographic surveys covering 10,970
Square miles, an area greater than the
combined areas of Massachusetts and
Rhode Island. The transit lines had a
length of 18,900 linear miles, while the
level lines run amount to 24,218 miles,
or nearly sufficient to go around the
The diamond drillings for dam sites
and canals amount to 47,515 feet, or
more than nine miles. Today the
service owns and has at work 1,154
horses and mules. It operates nine
locomotives, 223 cars and twenty-three
miles of railroad, thirty-nine station
airy engines and twenty-seven steam
eifgines. It has constructed and is
operating three electric light plants.
This work has been carried on with
the following force: Classified service,
880, including Washington office la
borers employed directly by the gov
ernment, 3,500 laborers employed by
contractors, 6,100 or a total of all
fprces of 10,000. The expenditures
now total nearly $1,000,000 per month.
As a
Sinking Fund Buying Bonds.
New York, March 28—The Standard
Tfust Co. of this city, trustee under
mortgage deed of trust of May 4,
1904, securing the issue of $7,500,000
of 4% refunding mortgage bonds of
the Consolidation Coal Co., gives no
tice that it will receive any pro
posals or offers of such bonds until
today at a price not exceeding 105 and
Interest, for retirement by the sinking
fund. The bonds offered at the lowest
price will be accepted.
Strong Combine Formed,
New York, March 28.—A no#
result" of' the" operation of the about a fortnight. The points in a
reclamation service eight new towns
have been established, 100 miles of
branch railroads have been con
structed, and 10,000 people have taken
UP their residence ln the desert.
What promised to be an important de
velopment, in the dry goods jobbing
business has come to the front in the
formation of the Empire Dry Goods
bo., along lines suggested, more or
less remotely, by the Claflln Co. and its
string of allied stores. This company
ta primarily a combination and the
outgrowth of opportunities and needs
that appealed especially, to several of
the larger stores for retail located in
Boston, Buffalo, Rochester and Akron,
O. Five prominent dry goods houses
are represented in the new company.
F. A. O'Conpell of the James A. Hous
ton Co., of Boston, is president and the
"members concerned feel that it is a
specially good selection and presages
success. The1 company has already
begun business with completely equip
ped and well stocked sale rooms, and,
it is said, will act, more or less, as a
clearing house for the business houses
already named. Everything betokens
an early entrance upon a business of
great activity. The nominal capital
is no index of the volume of transac
tions expected, arid will be limited at
present to $20,000. By the plans upon
which the business is based it is be
lieved to be ample for its present pur*
llteing Rules Will Be Amended fey
New York Club.
,'yNew York, March 28.—Today the
||w York Yacht club will meet and
tike up the amendments to the racing
rules suggested last fall to obviate am
biquity in the present uniform code
now in operation among the clubs in
the Atlantic coast conference. It will
also hear the report of the committee
appointed to consider the question of
adopting scantling restrictions. There
Will be no Change in scantling restric-,
tions this year, though the work will
doubtless be undertaken in the spring
And completed before the end of sum
mer. It can be announced that the
differences that arose over the rac
ing dates has been adjusted satisfac
torily, 'both among the Sound clubs
Mid in the 'New York Yacht club, the
letter changing the date of its annual
•regatta, fixed for June 27 originally.
The races will be held on June 20,
Which will conflict neither with the
Yale-Harvard boat race nor the cruis
ing race from Greenwich to New Lon
don projected by the Indian Harbdr
•fftcht club.
Tomorrow the Yacht Racing assocla
jtyta of bong Xrtan$ ^ound wUl etoei
•a* A .k A** 1"*
its officers for the year, and fix Its
schedule of racing fixtures and adopt
the changes In the racing code. The
same men are engaged in the associa
tion as in the New York Yacht club
on the racing code, so uniformity will
be- maintained.
McKeesport Poultry Show.
McKeesport, Pa., March 28.—The
McKeesport Poultry and Pet associa
tion will hold its regular meeting to-
tlnn i
°ll: Xv, month
specimens furnished by some of the
\^eek, 1907.
"1" i»,r Qanotn.
Sell. Seized Articles.
New York, March 28.-—The United
State appraisers department is mak
ing ready for one of the biggest sales
it has ever held, which will not be con
cluded until the last article is dispos
ed of and goes out of the warehouses,
which have been accumulating in
them for years. The sale will begin
on April 2, and is expected to take a
long time, as there ase many things in
separate packages to dispose of. A
novelty of the sale will be that there
will be seats for women. They have
been cordially invited, and the gov
ernment officials will make it pleas
ant for them in every way, so that a
large number of buyers will be attract
ed, it is expected. One of the most
curious offerings is "Consul" Bostock's
trained chimpanzee, which in life con
tributed to the gayety of royalty on
the other side, and to the entertain
ment of the "400" on this side. Prior
to his death three years ago "Consul"
was much in demand at social affairs
where his elegance of manners coupled
with correct dress for all occasions,
won his entree into the most exclu
sive circles. At the zenith of his
popularity the animal carried a life in
surance policy for $20,000. His value
(at date of examination is stated at
$10. The variety of the articles is
truly bewildering, and embraces every
thing from ladies' wearing appwrel to
Transibprian Express Will Cut Time of
Trip a Week.
London, March 28.—A journey
around the world in thirty-Ave days
will be possible when the channel tun
nel, connecting England with France,
is completed.
The Transsiberian express crossing
Europe and Asia to the Pacific, then
will start from London instead of from
Moscow, and travelers will be able to
get from Charing Cross to Vladivos
tock without changiifg cars, the jour
ney across two continents occupying
thirty-five day world tour will be Lon
don, Moscow, Dalny, Yokohama, Van
couver, Quebec and Liverpool.
Without the channel tunnel It is pos
sible to make the journey by the
Transsiberian route in forty-one days.
The weekly express train from Moscow
is the most luxurious train In the
world, having besides the usual din
ing, sleeping and parlor cars, a bank
with safe deposit vaults, a gymnasium
and a Russian bath.
There is a smoking car for ladles
as well as for men and delicious Rus
sian tea always is ready, made in the
national samovar. The meals are
cooked by a French chef and are equal
to those of a fifst class hotel.
The whole- trip can be mjbda for
governmental function to be performed
relationship will be had. Especial at-
view of determining the proportion of,
criticism of the cost of operating the ..
well informed person doubts they re-
ceive considerably more for hauling %ne!*
the mails than would return them aias
fair profit. If all mail trains carried
nothing but mail, the case would be
to the government to begin with the
transportation of the mail is
Washington, D. C., March 27.—Is the fact that he rose by seniority or come
postoffice a business institution or a!'n
111***..*.. ____ 41 I I.
and the postal commission has $70,000 ^°.pPr
set aside for its use
be a
on a
Has "on of Points versus Milty will be, the investigation which begins next Keeps the freight and passenger trains paper of greater weight than the text
in New York, to be conducted »^°vJ"^l,anwd.ta5ri,r(ls ,propor„
thorough Investigation of the receipts :re
gressionai postal commission and a' n,But
and expenditures and their mutual ,f.
The next exhibition of the *y Senator Penrose and Representa- away in some office on a small salary magazines, most special supplements
on will be given In Christmas tives Overstreet and Moon. They con^and his name only gets in print when' and the card advertisements In mag
stitute a sub-committee of the con- **e
The result will
quantity of interesting and,
show, first, that second-class matter
is paying too little for its transporta
tion and, second, that the railroads
receive too much for carrying the
mails. This is always the case, for all:
postoffice department eventually falls institution for the public benefit,
back on these two propositions. So f.
essential to.
K ..
stock-jobbing scheme than
night, and will specially discuss the:^°r the benefit of the people at large? railroads. Stockholders and public ment be printed on card, cloth or any
white leghorn question, and the ques-| Light on this question will be shed are alike dependent upon the man who' substance other than paper nor upon
displayed any remark-
W'.th 8econd-clas8
case ls
the expense to the revenue from each i11JJc!!cl*,can Pr?P®r,y
class incidentally much counting and Vj ^ormGr- kven if it Is true
weighing will be done under the direc- 1
tion of the postmaster general. He I _ra.nsp°r.
has $300,000 available for this purpose fan
i a i i y a s a n a u a o e a o o i n a e n o s a a n v a v e s e-
o( the
tention will be paid to the cost of f. responsibility for the deficit. ent form from the main body of the
transporting, hauling and delivering ln P°8tal service between those en- publication, nor shall a suplement con
different classes of mail matter with a'
^al J,
at best but a
Bowramral is losing money
n5. s^c"n$-elass
wcI1 afford to do
cent of ls
^ss, valuable information second-class matter, but those who Another idea which does not meet with
that the evidence, when compiled, will
invariably get around to the
point where they discuss it as a busi
ness institution, which it distinctly ls
not. The very principle on which it is
makes impossible its consid-
,asa business proposition, while
that it is a pub-
8 0
far as the railroads are concerned, existence as a government institu
they can take care of themselves. No ,.
°nly excuse it has for
principle is that a letter can
for a uniform rate whether It
mile or ten thousand, so long
from one part of Uncle
domains t0 another. This fact
eliminate rightful judgment of
different, but the expense of hauling P°stoffice as a business indtitu
a mail car kttaclied to a regular, train
is very small, comparatively speaking, l)0f,tal deficit is not due to see
while the remuneration is (Consider- jond-class matter, nor to the rate of book as much when printed in serial
able. The railroads owe an obligation compensation to the railroads, or to
to the movement of freight and pass- Principle essentially wrong from a through the mails at less than letter
engers, on which they depend for their business standpoint—one really ^un
rexenues, and the cloak of the U. S. Just in many, respects—but, after all,
Mail protects them in tinjg of riot and wholly justified as a government func
disturbance, yet they wish the govern- tion. For instance, the present deficit
ment to pay them higher, much high-
er, prices than they would expect from mail ln rural districts which costs mil
a private corporation, and are ready Hons more yearly than the deficit
to bluster around and threaten when- I amounts to, yet congressmen press for
ever the suggestion is advanced that! the increase of rural free delivery and
their compensation should be reduced. the department allows it, while the
It was discovered some time since1 expense bounds upward. And they do
that in weighing the mails the weight well, for who would cot off this ser
was taken for seven days in the week, vice? Yet the expense of delivering a
but was divided by six, so it. appeared lettew in the country is far greater
heavier daily than it really was. When Proportionately than of delivering It
it was announced that the pay here- in the city, and, again, the expehse of
after would be based on the seven delivering a letter in the city is out
days instead of six, some of the rail- °f all proportion to that in towns
roads threatened to withdraw their' where the patrons have to go to the
fast trains, and even hinted they office after mall. As a strictly busi-
wholly due to the free delivery of
would not carry the mails at all, If ness proposition, the postoffice would
their compensation should be reduced, probably make money by cutting off I want this part of the paper to go
They will not make much by such
tion or talk, as it only Intensifies the government institution the sooner it.mainder. To regulate the newspapers
hostility of the people toward the rail- is extended everywhere the better for and periodicals as proposed would be,
roads as at present conducted. And, the people at large.
when we come to think of it, the peo- It is argiled with much justice that
pie are not against the railroads them- it is wrong to require a person to pay
selves, but against the management a cent an ounce' for the transportation
which devotes itself to manipulation of one class of matter while hauling the postoffice department over the mall
for speculative purposes regardless of another class equally as rapid anT
the putative rights of the people at equally as far, at a cent a pound. But
large. Many a prominent railroad man it is as unjust to carry one pound of
enjoys a reputation due more to the ^second-class matter for ten miles and
Mi VBMta mtmto v&n-fttrmi!* raui*
another pound 8,000 miles at the same
rate. Justice does not figure In either
case. The question so far as the rate
on second-class matter, is whether ot
not the public Interests require the
rate should be raised. The postal
commission proposes many changes in
the present law. One of thein provides
that a newspaper or periodical enjoy
ing second-class rates shall not con
tain more than 50 per cent of advertls-
hoth, but he te generally tucked, away would go calendars, Sunday
bulky government free mail, but when published as a whole. In reality
the fact that it is founded on there is no reason to pass newspapers
free delivery altogether, but being a [through the mails as well as the re-
-1 •, t, l4 J" r.
Publication. Under such a law
caught In a wreck. azines. Suppose a paper should have
matter. a special run of advertising. It would
entirely different. No doubt have to expand its issue or throw out.
second-class the advertising. Another proviso is
it is the fashion to dl-lthat supplements shall not be of dlffer-
privileges and the tain advertising. Good-bye to the
small comic supplement under this proposi-
lion- Thc
requirement that a portion
of the title and the date of publication
must be printed on every page would
matter, it work a great hardship on many news-
as far as a paper proprietors, especially of the
concerned. The smaller weeklies, and would, of course,
postal commission *ms already pro-| put a stop to most comic supplements,
The prediction may be ventured. the postoffice department much favor, is that periodicals shall
a most interesting report on' and associated Sunday magazines,
'not carry enclosed any bills or sub
scription blanks.
To review in full the recommenda
the commission would be an
exhaustive task, but it Is easily ap
parent that a serious interference, with
the business of publishing periodicals
as now conducted would inevitably re
sult. Again the question of public
policy confronts us. It is argued by
those who blame second-class matter
for all postal ills, that while the gov
ernment should properly extend cer
tain privileges to newspapers and per
iodicals because of their public char
acter as educational factors, yet a
newspaper, for* instance, should be
confined to news and a magazine to
suitable articles, and that a book is a
in a newspaper or magazine as
rates except that the people want It
done, barring the incidental fact that
weight counts less as the size of the
package is increased, and it is almost
as cheap to handle a newspaper
weighing two ounces as a letter weigh
ing one. The rate on second-class
matter is 1 cent a pound because the
people want publications and the rate
is responsible for the multitude of
publications as well as their cheap
ness. It is undeniably true that If a
cent additional postage on a 10 cent
magazine were required, by the time it
reached the subscriber he would find
it grown to 15 cents. Now why do
newspapers find it profitable to in
clude comic sections, illustrated sup
plements and Sunday magazines? Evi
dently because the people want them
and if this assumption is correct they
in effect, exercising a censorship which
would eventually prove intolerable. If
anything a curtailment rather than an
extension of. the power possessed by
service of the people, is desirable. It
now exercises almost despotic control
over the mails. Theoretically, when a
letter is properly addressed and
stamped, it should go to its destina
tion as straight as a bullet from a
Krag, but practically the government
has the say whether the addressee
shall receive It or not. Generally
speaking, no fear should be entertain
ed that this power will be abused, as
the right to issue fraud orders and
stop a person's mail is employed with
the greatest caution. But there re
mains the danger that to serve a sel
fiiph purpose this power may some
time be abused and then real peril
would exist. Before now newspapers
have been suppressed because of ob
jectionable advertisements, and the
department has been urged to utilize
its power to crush the patent medicine
business. Only recently a flourishing
magazine was denied for the future
the second-class privilege it had here
tofore enjoyed. The proprietor claims
it is because he was active ln pushing
some fraud order legislation before
congress recently, to which the de
partment was opposed. To conclude,
was begun, the question is whether
the postoffice department is a business
proposition. If it is, then rates should
be uniform for classes of matter and
distances the same as freight and
passenger rates. If the government
takes control of what is, in one sense,
a private business, then it should be
administered in the interests of the
people. Economies of administration
and handling the mail should be intro
duced before an Increase in the rate
on second-class matter to seriously
Board of Gambling Rooms Admits Its
Slump in Patronage.
.Monte Carlo, March 28.—A note is
sued to the press by the board of
Monte Curio gambling rooms endeav
ors to «xplain the large fall which has
taken place In the value of the shares
and at the same time protests that a
systematic attempt Is being made to
alarm shareholders.
The note admits that in the early
part of the present winter season tho
visitors were much fewer In number
than usual, and it also acknowledges
that although the place is now well
filled play Is far from being so high
as formerly, nor ia the number of play
ers so great as usual. The result Is
a falling off to date of something like
4,000,000 francs in the receipts, and a
further decline is probable before the
financial year ends on March 31.
As a consequence there will certain
ly be a reduction of from 80 toy 100
a n s i n e i v a
4 4 1
i i
Two Applications for Gas and Electrio
Franchises Are Made to the Couneil
by Minot Citizens Who Are After
the Present Holding Company.
Minot, N. D.,, March 2#.—Arthur Le
Sueur, who was selected to investigate
the legal phases of the electric light
situation In Minot, reported to the city*
council. In his conclusions he states
that L. F. Davis is the owner of a valid
franchise and that the city at thUi
time has no right to compel the Minot
Light & Telephone Co. to lower Its
rates. In event of a new franchise, he
states, the city has the right to estab
lish a maximum rate. In suggesting
possible remedies, the report states:
"I find that upon examination of the
franchise itself, that in section 10
thereof, it provides that the franchise
may be revoked upon six months' not
ice for cause and in the writer's opin
ion cause exists at the present time for
the revocation of this franchise."
The council took no action on th*
matter, but the opinion was placed on
file and will be considered by the com
mittee or committees authorized to
formulate some definite action in tfern
Charles A. Orow, until recently
alderman of the Sixth ward, threw a
bomb into the city council by having
introduced into the city council an or**
dinance granting to him, his heirs,
executors, administrators, successors
and assigns, the right to construct*
erect and maintain and operate an
electric light plant and system of
transmitting said electricity, and to
manufacture and sell to the city of
Minot, and Inhabitants thereof, the
said electricity for its and their use.
Mr. Grow has been absent from the
city for several days and the assump
tion is that he has been conferring
with eastern capital.
Another ordinance was Introduced
authorizing Charles F. Oraham ttt
construct a gas plant. A franchise was1
was granted by a former council to
John H. Lewis, (). M. Pierce, R. O.
Sanborn and C. H. Parker.
The gas franchise differs from'tll*
application of Mr. Grow's in that It
does not contain a purchase clause.
From sentiments expressed by aldei"**
men it Is likely that~Jn case* new gU
franchise ls granted It will be saddled
with purchase clause.
Richard to tiiis
Burke to Move
Devils Lake, N. D., March 28.—Rich
ard Burke, brother of Governor Bur
arrived in this city from Oscaloosa,
la., and has accepted the position of
auditor of the Farmers' Grain Co. He
will mainlain headquarters in this
city. Mr. Burke is an old newspaper
man, and for many years conducted
one of the leading weekly papers of
the state of Iowa. He will move hHl
family here at an early date.
Poor Outlook for Maize Crop.
Buenos Ayres, March 28.—The out
look for the maize crop Is a very bad
one at present. Nearly a month of
drouth has done tremendous damage
to the maize plantations, and it Ut
estimated that already 50 per cent of
the total crop has been lost. If rain
does not fall soon the damage will be
even greater and the surplus for ex
port will be very small Indeed, as ad
ded to the want of rain, the grass
hoppers have also done some damage
to the young com. From the districts
de Julio, Chlvliony, Suipaeha, Carlos
Cesares, etc., advices are to hand that
the crop is completely lost. The gen
eral opinion is that evert if rain were to
come now our export surplus would
not be much more than 1,500.000 to 2,
000,000 tons. Live stock interests are
also suffering severely from the same
causes, as the pasture lands are all
shrivelled up, and unless the drouth
conies to an end soon large numbers of
cattle and sheep will be dying by star
vation. The province of Entre Rios
has suffered exceptionally in this re*
sped, and farmers there have
slaughtering large numbers of their
sheep in order to leave sufficient for
the regt.
Steel (Magnate at the Reunion ef ift
S. Military Corps.
New York, March 28.—Andrew Car
negie is one of the guests tonight
itie reunion and dinner at the Manhat
tan hotel of the United States Military
Telegraph corps. It was at Carne
gie's suggest Ion that, at the outhntelc
of the Civil war that four operators
were sent from the Pennsylvania lines
to Washington, and the corps, from
this small beginning, was enlarged to
about 1,200 men. David H. Bates, one
of the original four, suggested this,
special reunion and dinner. He and
Albert Chandler and Charles A. Tinker
were cipher operators in the war de
partment, and none, it is said, were
closer than they in confidential rela
tions to President Lincoln. They
were known as the "Sacred Three."
The corps now number less than 200,
about pixty of whom* pioinised to be
present at the dinner tonight. Twenty
sons of members have also promised to
attend. The other guests will be the
commanders of the corps, General
Thomas T. Eckert. Col. R. C. dowry
and William R. Plum, historian of the
coi-fls and like. Mr, .gax&e&le, aa
«rary member* v
«'v *,'*

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