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The Fargo forum and daily republican. [volume] (Fargo, N.D.) 1894-1957, December 16, 1912, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042224/1912-12-16/ed-1/seq-1/

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Washington, Dec. 16.—"Safety first"
th© paramount rule of tratn opera
lion suggested by the interstate com
merce in Its twenty-sixth
report submitted today to coti
ress. Discussion of disasters on
American railroads during the last
ear constitutes an important feature
of the report.
It is pointed out that manv of the
accidents resulting in fatalities might
have been averted by the exercise of
proper precaution of the employment
of suitable devices and good equip
ment. Figures given show that of the
total of 8,215 derailments during the
Jear, 1,877 were caused by defects of
Jroadway and 3,847 were due to de
tective equipment. This indicates an
Increase over the previous year ot 652
in the derailments due to bad roadway,
ftnd 1,023 due to bad equipment.
The investigation by the commission
itself of railroad accidents involving
Joss of life, the report says, "has pro
ceeded far enough to indicate the need
®f more effective measures than thus
"^«r have been taken to secure safety
Ot railroad travel," While the previous
fuggestions of the commission as vo
"!$he adoption by the railroads of all
#teel, or steel-underframe, cars are
being adopted "as rapidly as conditions
will permit" and "the danger from the
use of unsound cars is gradually dis
appearing," the serious dangers of
defective roadway and the use of un
bound rails still remain, as a result of
ivhich derailments are likely at any
time to occur. Concerning its in
^estigatlons, the commission says:
the thirty-one derailments in
•yostigated, fourteen were either direct
•\|y or indirectly caused by bad track.
In five of these fourteen cases the
derailments would probably have been
voided had existing speed restrictions
een observed but in all the .remain­
cases no adequate speed restric
tions were in force, and in three cases
the track conditions were so obvious
ly unsafe that derailments were likely
to occur even at low speed. In one
»f rious derailment an examination of
the track in the vicinity of the ac
cident disclosed 90S rotten ties within
a distance of 147 rail lengths. Under
'*nany of the rails there were as many
eleven bad ties, and under each of
two rails there were twelve ties 'so
badly decayed and broken as to be
totally unfit for service. In many of
these ties the spikes were so loose that
they were easily removed by hand, the
ivood having no longer any holding
Jiower. The track in the vicinity of
this accident was poorly ballasted and
Ivas unsafe for the passage of trains at
ordinary speed. This derailment oc
curred on straight track while the
train was running about thirty miles
er hour."
The. report says that "the most dis
quieting and perplexing feature in the
problem of accident prevention is the
fcirgo proportion of train 'accidents
caused by dereliction of duty by the
employee* involved. The commission
believes that as a rule there arc no
men that have a keener appreciation
of their responsibilities than railroad
trainmen and enginemen," and yet it is
pointed out that 63 per cent of the
whole number of accidents investigat
ed were caused by mistakes on the
part of employees.
"There Is a disposition In aome
quarters," continues the report, "to
rhargo these lamentable errors of
failure of discipline and to hold em
ployees wholly responsible for such
failure. This Is a superficial view
which contains no promise of effective
"A remarkable increase in the speed
and weight of trains within recent
years, and the crowding of tracks and
terminals caused by the movement of
fcn enormously enlarged volume of
traffic, have greatly Increased the
duties and responsibilities of train
'•ervice employees and multiplied the
Chances of error on their part. Not
withstanding these added duties and
-responsibilities which the conditions
f)f modern railroading have imposed
Upon employees, the methods of
discipline and regulations calculated
to Insure safety in train operation have
remained practically unchanged.
"To prevent railroad collisions ad
ivjuate measures must be taken, first,
v to reduce the chances of human error
to a minimum and second, to neutral
ize the effects of such error when 11
occurs. The recommendations previ
ously made. by the commission for
legislation requiring the standardiza
tion of operating rules and the use of
the block system were designed to re-
Jfluoe the probability of mistakes by
employes, and those recommendations
are once more presented for considera
tion of the congress. Uniformity and
consistency in operating rules are
necessary to secure safety, and it is
not probable that a satisfactory code
which will meet the demands of mod
ern operating conditions can be se
cured without appropriate action by
the federal government."
The commission points out that ex
cessive speed has been on important
factor in many train accidents, and
that "conditions of safe operation are
often ignored in the effort to bring
fast trains in on time. This is a bad
practice, for which the traveling pub
he is largely responsible, and it should
be discontinued. Adequate measures
should be taken to compel low speed
wenever conditions require it whether
bchedules are maintained or not."
The total number of casualitiea on
steam roads, during the year ended
.Tune 30, was 180,123, of which 10,585
•persons were killed and 169,538 injured.
These figures indicate an increase over
the previous year of 189 killed and 19,
379 injured. Of the total number of
casualties, 400 railway employes were
killed and 92,000 injured through "in
dustrial accidents"—happenings in
cident to railroad business, but not
due to the operation of trains.
An analysis of the figures furnished
by the steam roads shows that of the
number of persons killed, 318 were
passengers, 3,635 employes, and 6,632
other persons, trespassing and not
trespassing, indicating an Increase of
in the total number of employes
killed, a decrease of 38 in the total
number of passengers killed, and an
*irtk' It
i 1 1
if ". •, A. 7jV
,? .f
.??V^ \V„
fe-t .J
This Should Be Paramount
Utile of Roads
Suggested by Interstate Com
merce Commission
Annual Report of Commission
I fMade Public Todajf
&J- \4
y 4 ,»
»|.N* iw K-.
tonight and Tuesday.
iV' ••,
Many mass meetings were held In
Paris and throughout the* provinces.
The authorities took extensive meas
ures and precautions for maintaining
order but tranquility prevailed, every
where. a'
i'» ».
lnued on Page Six, Jmany women prominent in social circles,
y-",' if# "SS-„ 4
i e 4
"/-"V V V if
William Sulzer, just elected governor of New York, and James M. Cox,
who will take charge of state affairs in Ohio, as they appeared recently in
Washington. Both of these-men are still members of congress, and ,will
continue to represent th%ir districts until called to their new duties.
French Labor Protests Against
War by Big Strike
Laboring Men Throughout Na
tion Cease Work I Day
Paris, Dec. 16,—The general strike
of the whole of the 'working population
of Franco was ordered to be carried
out today by the General Federation
of Labor, as a protest against war, was
partially successful.
It was understood all"'the workmsen
were to tiirow down their tools for
one 4a y only, in order to show the
strength of the laboring classes and to
demonstrate their power to paralyze
the government tn the event of a dec
laration or war.
In Paris men appeared to Wave .exe
cuted an order to strike in a great
many Instances. Few cabs or other
vehicles were on the streets, while
many factories will close and the whole
of the men connected with the build
ing trades ceased work today.
i i s"
Abdul Baha. an aged Persian, *who has been touring the United States
expounding his new doctrine of world i peace and unity of, religion, has de
parted for London, where he will continue hia work During his stay in
this country he won over to his belief thousands
••.••..of Converts, including
U i
t- N
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tf fe/
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V.-, i %. y ...

Scecond President of Agricul
tural College
Gol. J. E. Power, second president
pf^the North Dakota Agricultural col
lege, passed away at his late home at
frower, Cass county, N. D., early today.
-The funeral will be held at the Powers
farm home at Power tomorrow after
noon. After a brief service the re
mains will be removed to St. Paul for
The late Colohel Power Was presi
dent of the agricultural .college for
about a year and a half, covering the
years of 18»4 and 1805. immediately
pfC| -ding the present incumbent, Pres.
John H. Worst. BVom the great
institution which the deceased once
headed a,.committee will go to Power
^to offiefally "a'ttetfJ" the funeral as
representatives of the A. C.-
The committee, appointed tills morn
ing by President "Worst, comprises
Dean Shepperd, Prof. C., B. Waldron
and Prof. H. L. Bolley. On account of
previous business engagement which
he is compelled to attend to'represent
the college, President Worst will b«
unable to accompany the committee
himself to attend the sarvices'over the
lemains of his immediate predecessor,
a fact which he greatly laments.
Others may go trorn the A. C.. includ
ing Professors Lacld and Keene, both
ct' whom were associated with the late
Continued tin page'six.
'-V"- A
'W '. A
v r*
Outlines Ambitious Programme
for Administration
Weuld Advertise All North
Dakota Resources
Think Officials' Terms Should
Be Extended
Jefmane in a Washington dispatch
to The Minneapolis Journa,!, says:
Better educational facilities, devel
opment of natural resources and a
business administration, a part of
which will be the lengthening of the
terms of all principal state officers,
will bfe the aim of L. B.- Henna, soon
to be governor of North Dakota.
Since he has been In Washington,
Hanna, In addition to winding up his
affairs as a member of the house, has
^een giving careful consideration to
:the legislation which he will urge
upon the legislature, which meets in
He left Washington on Wednesday
tor New Xorlv, whence. be will go to
reaching there oh Dec. 19,
Before he left he said:
j' "North Dakota is an essentially ag
ricultural state, but I believe manu
factures can be developed there and
that products now wasted can be util
ized so that the wealth of the state
san be greatly increased.
Would Use Fle-x Straw.
"Take one product, flax straKr, as
an instance. For yeat's farmers have
thrown this straw awsy or burned it
as a useless by product of flax and flax
seed. The aggregate annual destruc
tion of this product is 3,500,000 tons.
"The government has made experi
ments in the manufacture of paper
from this straw, which 1 believe will
result in discovering ii cheap process
'for utilization of this product for a
"Professor Bolley estimates that the
straw which is now burned will be
worth $10 per ton for paper making
and I want the day hastened when
this waste product will be turned into
paper. With that end in view I shall
ask the legislature to make an ap
propriation for co-operative work in
vestigating and experimenting in the
manufacture of paper from Hax straw.
"I want North Dakota to develop
along commercial lines and with a
view to pointing out to manufactur
•ers and commercial ,interests in other
states the possibilities'^ of our stftte,
I shall ask the legislature to create
an oflice business agent for North
Would Have State Publicity Man.
"I would have the officer paid, a
good salary in order to get a good
man. It would be his duty to go to
other states and show manufacturers
the possibilities of North Dakota in
their line. For instance, among nat
ural resources are the finest kinds of
pottery clays. The business agent
could go to East Liverpool, O., the
center of the pottery industry of the
United States, and show them the ad
vantage of establishing pottery fac-/
tories in North Dakota.
"Development of the canning in
dustry is also among the possibilities
in a commercial way. North Dakota
produces sweet corn that is superior
to the corn of, Maine. Canneries of
Maine could be shown that it is to
their advantage to establish plants in
our state. These are only two of the
industries that I believe can be built
up in North Dakota.
"I believe a good business agent
could hold milling in North Dakota.
We produce the wheat and should
make it into flour at home instead of
'shipping grains to other states.
Fire Inspector.
"Another office I shall as'k to have
created is that of fire marshal. They
have such offices in other states and
•heir activities in investigating fires
and establishing regulations for fire
1 rotection have resulted in the savins
of much property and also in the sav
ing of thousands of dollars to people
:n those states in insurance premi
ums. Creation of this office would be
an immense benefit to the people of
our state."
Improvement in the educational
facilities in rural communities would
beSncreased by Hanna" In his state
ment he pointed out that there are
Irom four to six schools in agricul
tural counties of the state. These are
small and often have from a dozen to
twenty pupils. He proposes that
rural consolidated schools be estab
lished in each country. This would
result in reduction of the teaching
force and also, he believes, would give
better educational facilities for the
children in the rural districts.
Extent! Franchise of Travelsre,"
Governor Hanna will ask the legis
lature to give the franchise to travel
ing men, railway mail clerks and
other residents of the state who are
necessarily away froms their voting
i places on election days. He would
•have such a law as they have In
Kansas, which permits the voter tp
vote by affidavit at any place in the
state he may be in on election day
and to forward the vote to the elec
tion officials of his regular voting
place, such vote to be counted if it
reaches the proper officer within a
day or two after election.
1 1
J, iL
1 -r V 4 1
One piece of sentimental legislation
he will ask from the legislature will
be the appropriation for the payment
i of transportation expenses of veterans
of the Civil war to the celebration of
the anniversary of the battle of Gettys-
Lurg, Pa., next summer.
"If the legislature does not pro
vide funds for their transportation,"
he says, "I will start a popular sub
scription for that purpose."
To Appoint Responsible Men.
Governor Hanna does not. expect to
i escape trouble in filling state offices,
but says he intends to select the best
men available fr the places at his
i disposal. He has received hundreds
of applications, but hau not decided
upon any when he left Washington
except Foley of Bismarck, for his
secretary. C. L. Zergler, who was
Hanna's secretary here, will be his
assistant secretary at the state capitol.
Would Extend Terms.
Because he believes it will 'benefit
th« state, Hanna will recommend that
the terms of all elective state of
ficers from the governor down, be
extended from two years to four.
"Terms of state officers should be
Continued on Page Sis.
.4,- v Y"\ {3 ft pf"*'. i,'
k ,vf
xf yfol v, Crafty?!,
V, \-i(M
Presidentelect Retttmed Today
From Bermuda
No Pbtfttcal" Atmotinceitats—
Off to Princeton
Wfll Devlte Himself td Busi
ness of New Jersey
New York, B«e. 16.—President-eleSt
Wilson returned today from his vaca
tion trip to Bermuda. The steamship
Bermuda which carried him and his
party docked here a few minutes after
3 o'clock. Not an announcement as
to politics or anything else did the
governor have to make on his arrival.
"I'm going to devote myself to New
Jersey affairs," he said. After a few
hours in New York he planned to go
direct to his home In Princeton so as
to be on hand at the state house in
Trenton early tomorrow for the regu
lar budget of state business.
The president-elect brought with
him his annual message to the New
Jersey legislature which meets Jan. 1.
It embodies every plank in the demo
cratic platform.
it i4
Suffragettes Left Metropo
for Capital Today
.1, i v .•
Carrying Message to Governor
Elect Sulzer of N* Y.
On to Albany in Military Body
.—Rosalie Jones, Leader ,,
New York, Dec. 16.—"First aid is all
right for our bruises small, 1ut noth
ing will- cure us but votes for all."
Thus sang twenty-five suffragettes
today as they, started their 140 mile
walk to Albany to deliver to Gover
nor-elect Sulzer, on his inauguration
day, their message for the cause of
woman suffrage.
Clad in sweaters, mackinaws, .short
skirts and high boots, and headed by
a woman beating a tattoo on a snare
drum, the marchers left Van Hortland
park, on the outskirts of the city,
shortly after 9 o'clock. Sympathizers
of both sexes,were on hand and cheer
ed lustily wnen the leader of the pil
grimage, Miss Rosalie Jones, (General
Jortes, as she Is called by the suffra
gettes), gave the order: "forward,
The sun was smiling brightly and
the air crisp but not too cold. But
come sleet, storm or blizzard, the wo
men are under vow to carry the scroll
ed message on foot to carry the scroll
Each woman has a knapsack with the
inscribed words "votes for women,
and containing suffragette literature
& ,v
President-et«ct Wilson, who resumed from vacation trip to Bermuda today.
N. B. Senator Supported Dry
State Bill
Only Way to Reach the Bottom
oi "Blind Figgism
less to Plrevent In­
terstate Shipments
The Senate.
Convened at 11 o'clock.
Adopted a plan designating
Senators Gallenger and Bacon act
ing alternately fortnightly, as
presidents pro tem.
Chairman Clapp of the campaign
contributions investigation com
mittee, announced William Ran
dolph Hearst will probably be the
first Witness when the committee
resumes its hearing Tuesday.
Began the consideration of the
Sheppard-Kenyon liquor traffic
The -court of impeachment re
sumed the Archbold hearing at
A 30 o'clock.
The House.
..Convened at noon.
Considered miscellaneous bills
on thd unanimous consent calen
Representative DeForest tatro
duped a joint resolution proposing
a constitutional amendment to
make terms of congressmen four
Representative Berger introduc
ed a resolution providing, the gov
ernment condemn and 'buy this
New York, New Haven & Hart
ford railroad properties.
Washington, Dec.
in favor of the Kenyon-Sheppard
dry state bill, today, Senator Mc
Cumber of North Dakota declared
it would help state officials to en
force laws against 'blind-piggjsm"
and bootleggers.
"State laws will be ineffective
as, long as there is no means of
getting at the source of supply
outside the state."
He said the attempts to give
state officers power to seize liquor
as soqn as it is shipped into a
"dry" state will probably be held
unconstitutional by the supreme
court, but he believed congress
h$s, the power to prevent inter*
state shipments.
Washington, Dec! 16.—Taft'today
directed Secretary Wilson to appoint
Dr. Carl Alsberg, chief of the chemis
try bureau to. succeed Dr. Harvey W.
which is to he scattered through every Lemnos island today, compelling th©
town and village on the way, latter to withdraw.
Constantinople, Dec. 16,-^-The Turk
ish fleet engaged the Greek fleet off
,/ .-
Authorities Are After
Peace Conference Opened Today
by Sir Edw. Gray
Delivered Address of Welcome
From King George V.
Sessions Held in St* Jama
Palace—Work Begun
London, Dec. 16.—The delegates of
Bulgaria. Servia, Montinegro aM
Greece assembled at noon today iQ
the picture gallery of Ht. James p«K:
ace to meet the Turkish delegates In
the conference which Is to snttle the
question whether there is to be peace
or a continuation of war in the Bal
The plenipotentiaries were welcom
ed by Sir Edward Grey, the Britlvh
foreign minister. His address was
brief but full of sympathy and good
wishes for the success of the gather
ing. He said in part:
"His majesty, the king, desires m«
to convey to you his welcome and to
express his best wishes for the sttc
cess of your labors. It is my agree
able duty to welcome you on behalf of
his majesty's government and to say
with what pleasure your presence Ui
regarded in this country.
"His majesty, the king, "being aax*
ious to facilitate your task in every
way, has placed these roomg in St.
James pulace at your disposal. I trust
you will iind them suitable and at the
Same time I assure you his majesty's
government- will do all in its power
to promote your conveniences.
"You will, I believe, find in this
country an atmosphere of calm and
Impartiality which will be favorable to
your work."
Grey urged the delegates to over
look their small difficulties and O0li«
elude peace in statesmanship manner.
The chief of each delegation cor
dially acknowledged the welcome and
sentiments expressed by Grey, who
was unanimously elected to the hon
orary presidency of the conference.
He then left the gallery and the ple
nipotentiaries set about their task,
answering questions of chairmanship,
procedure, language, etc., of the con
After an hour and a half the dele
gates adjourned for lunch which waa
served in an adjoining room and then
adjourned until 11 o'clock tomorrow. It
was arranged that the chair shall be
taken alternately by the delegates
representing the five nations con«
cerned. ,,
"Higher Up"
White Slavery Case Transfer
red From Jamestown
j'amMtown. N. D., Dec.16^—I» the
alleged white slave case against John
son, tried in the district court here a
few days since, State's Attorney Knee
land prosecuting and Atty. Geo. W.
Thorp, of Jamestown defending, which
resulted in a disagreement of the Jury,
it hns developed that th it matter will
be further prosecuted. Johnaon was
taken to Valley City, and will be given
a preliminary hearing tu Justice court
The result of the trial in Barnes
county will be awaited with much in
terest. The ispeeific charge against
Johnson is that he received revenue
and proceeds from the earnings of a
woman engaged in prostitution. In
one of the ablest criminal defense**
ever made in this county. Attorney
Thorp developed testimony at the hear
ing here that Indicated that Johnson
was not the instigator of the tour
through Barnes, Stutsman and Wells
counties by Helen Reltan, one of the
states witnesses, and the ickson girl,
at which time it was alleged that John
son received support and maintenance
from the women.
Facts were drawn out in cross ex
amination tending to show that John
son is the victim of circumstances. The
testimony of the chief witness for the
state showed on cross examination that
any money given to Johnson by her,
was turned over only for th« purpose of
safe keeping and not as a gift, and that
the girl expected to receive, the same
back. It was apparent from the evi
dence that one Violet Jackson played an
Important role in influencing the par
*tii'8 to take the trip. She was not pro
duced as a witness on behalf of the
ht3te, arul it is understood that her
whereabouts are unknown, so that she
,w,ib aluo unavailable as a witness for
Johnson is a young man of pleasing
appearance. It is learned here that his
early life and training were unfortun
ate, and that he grew to manhood
dives opened and operated by his fath
er. Considerable sympathy was ex
pressed for him at the trial of the case
here on account of his youth, and the
fact that his early training and asso
ciations were against him.
In the case against Andrew C. Jack
son on the same charge, the humano
officer has decided to prosecute tn Fos
ter county. Jackson has been in jail
here since August awaiting his trie!.
His preliminary hearing will be had at
Carringtori, tomorrow, and State's Atty.
Craven of Carrington will prosecute,
and Thorp & Chase of Jamestown
'will defend. The case promises to be
of considerable interest. It is under
stood that Jackson when in the custody
of the officials after his arrest on a
charge of vagrancy at Harvey, made
certain admissions, implicating Violet
Jackson, and others in the offense with
which he is charged.
It is understood that Johnson and
Jackson will be tried on the s%me
charge in different counties where it
is alleged that their companions, Helen
Reltan" and Violet Jackson operated,
and where they received money from
these women. The defendants, wit
r.cuses and attorneys have left for Ca*»
uud Valley City.

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