Newspaper Page Text
The Fargo Forum And Dally Republican. FORUM PUBLISHING COMPANY. Bntered at posxofdce as second class matter. OFFICIAL PAPER CITY OF FARGO VOLUME XXXVU. NO. 18. The Fargo Forum ana Republican Is published every evening except Sunday In The Forum Building, corner of First avenue and Fifth street north, Fargo, N. DL Subscription—The Forgo Forum and Dally Republican, by carrier, 16c per week, or 40c per month, In advance $4 per year. The Fargo Forum and Weekly Republican, $1 per year. Sin gle copies, 5c. Subscribers will find tho date to which they have paid printed opposite their names on the address slips. Address all communications to The Forum Publishing Co.. Fargo. N. D. SATURDAY, DEC. 6, 1913, HIGH LIVING. IMbch is been said of tho high co8t of living. It is also pretty well un derstood now that "high living" is playing a prominent part in the "high cost." That much maligned "middle man" may be to blame in some par ticular instances, for instance when he locks up fpod in cold storage :incl holds it for exorbitant prices when it becomes scarce. On the other hand, tho middleman often gives full value received- Not long sin- o Thd Forum published an article, showing1 how the wholesale grocer did a great deal of actual serv ice in preparing food for market, be side his duties as a warehouse man and distributer. In that article the work that is done on tho olive was mentioned. Olives come, mostly from foreign lands, and when they reach America they are in barrels or other largo containers, and are not ready to 'e set before the fastidious American public. Prof. 10- K. Ladd, in a reccnt bulletin, mentions this fastidious taste, and its effect on tho "high cost of living" as follows In a loading food establishment I stood before a table, around which were seated young ladies. Before them in trays upon the tabic were heaps of pitted and stuffed olives. Kach young lady held in her hand an eight-onneo bottle and with long wire tongs sho picked up the. olives and one by one placed these iri the bottle, standing the same upon end, and putting one layer upon another until tho bottle was filled. Those olives which did not come tip to the standard were thrown into another tray to go in a different class. Theso olives must first, be stoned, then stuffe-d, and ono by one put into the bottle, to please th© fastidious ive and for all this wo pay. The same' olives poured into a jar, without regard to symmetry or beauty of appear ance, would command a less price and yet should be equally good. In Washington 1 stopped at one of the leading hotels. I ordered my midday dinner -and the bill was $1-35. That evening 1 dined just across the street from tho main entrance of the hotel and ordered identically the same meal and the bill was 7i» cents. The following noon I walked two blocks, still on a prominent street, ordered identi cally the same dinner and paid 4 5 cents for it. In the ono place I paid for fine music and excellent service in the next place the service was good, the dishes and napkins not quite so elegant, but the cooking was fully the equal of that at the hotel at the cheap er place I had plain white plates, paper napkins, and worn silver ware, but tho food was well and substantially cooked, although the helpings were not so generous as at the hotel. Tho high cost of living is not wholly due to the middleman, the trusts, or monopoly they do their share, but our demand for the best, for the extras, adds to the cost of living, and numerous instances of like nature may be cited. TOYS. The toyshop is still a favorite haunt of children of all ages from 3 to SO not even the country circus has so wide an appeal. The circus repre sents the first overwhelming appari tion of art in a child's life the toy shop is an epitome of the very natural world wherein the child lives, with persons and natural objects seen more nearly in scale with itself. The first impression sinks in very deep. Only those children who have "grown up" are ever impressed, after the first glance, with the quantity of toys which are gathered together in the vast and fascinating toyshops of this town for their inspection, says The New York Sun. But those older ones, -whose memory easily reaches hack to times when rather primitive dolls, Noah's arks, Nuremburg villages with stiff green trees and a few regiments of lead soldiers in Crimean uniforms made up most of the world of toys, are struck by the boundless variety of wonderful things as well as the ex liaustlesa quantities of wonderful things which are made for children today. A recent report from the Depart ment of Commerce shows that nearly $2,000,000 worth of toys were brought into the United States during last September, and for the whole calen dar year 1913 the total value will probably reach $9,00^,000. Germany furnishes by far the most of them during 1913 the value of German toys was nearly $7,000,000 out of a total of $8,000,000 mported from all foreign countries. Of dolls alone the impor tation from Germany came to $1,537, 964 out of a total of $1,663,18$. ,"5hes.e figures are based on factory values and not on retail prices. Dolls, the effigies of children for children's mothering, continue to lead all other toys In quantity and value they form nearly one-fourth of the total value of all the toys imported, amounting, according to the calcula tions for the present calendar year to $2,000,000. It is remarked that the consumption of toys in this country has grown very fast within twenty years. Importa tions in the fiscal year 1893 amounted "to less than $3,000,000, in 1903 they ,\had jumped to $4,500,000, and this K .#* S.r- Vu*"«* I tions are likely to reach twice that sum. And at that there will be too many little girls who will not get even one small doll from a shop this Christmas. But she will always have her beloved "Sally," or her "John Doll," made out of some discarded rags. She gets a dolly somehow, if she has to make it herself. WHATS THE JOKE? Public school Officers of a certain class appear to consider it highly, humorous to send to newspapers and, periodicals illustrations of the ridicu-, lous errors made by pupils In exam-i inatlons. Thus in a current magazine* we are told that a child when asked/ to give a sentence jncluding the word, "fright" replied: "We had fright eggsi for breakfast." The incident was al leged to have occurred in a Kansas City school. i Just where does the joke come in such cases and whom is it on? Cer-i tainly, the poor little child Avho pains-, takingly gives the answer cannot be held accountable. The child was sent to school to be taught, and If this is| the result of the teaching, we should think the teacher would feel ashamed, to publish it. •, When a child gives so ridiculous an, answer to so simple a question, it is a, sign of inefficiency on the part of the teacher more than ignorance on the, part of the pupil. The taxpayers, whoi support a school system that produces results of that nature, must be ex-, tremcly gullible. IS GREATEST TOY MARKET. New York's Yearly Volume of Trade $75,000,000 Worth. New York Sun: New York is by far and away the world's largest toy market. The annual volume of trade at wholesale prices is $75,000,000, and of this a largo part is shipped out of the country, mainly to the great fairs of Europe and Asia. In mechanical toys, and in toys iftade of iron, tin, lead and brass. New York has ranked first as the world's largest market for twenty years. More recently the local toy interest has branched out in building wooden toy making factories in the lumbering re gions, where much of the refuse from sawmills makes fine stock for toy makers, and can be obtained at such low prices that European makers of wooden toys cannot compete against the larger products of American wood e ntoys who push trade throughout Europe and Asia. There are. 9,583 live patents issued by foreign nations to New York mak ers of mechanical and other toys. This assures a good market for those toys in countries which possess 200,000,000 children. Exports of toys from that city be gin to be large in July, and the trade holds out until late in October, when all large consignments for the great marts of Europe must be forwarded to meet requirements for Christmas and New Year trade. There are now residing in New York City about 125 Indians who do tine work in basketry and beadwork, and in toys to the order of local toy trade factories. Rag dolls, all made by women and girls in that city, are sold in all coun tries. A Brooklyn woman who a few years ago be^'an making rag dolls for one retail shop, now employs 300 girls in her factory, and farms out work to 500 women in and around New York. A Harlem woman who origi nated negro dolls handsomely dressed for sale to well-to-do• colored families, has built up a national reputation and has found a good market through lo cal toy exporters to North Africa, where many kinds of American toys are distributed by caravans over enor mous trading zones. A factor in making American toys popular in Europe in recent years is the larger number of gifts of toys sent from here by fathers, brothers, or sis ters of the little Germans, Russians, Poles, Austrians or Italians. There are many imitations of domestic toys in Europe, but the majority of buyers prefer the genuine American made toys, which, while they cost a little more than the imitation products, are far better in quality, and last longer. Morals and Sense. Harper's Weekly: How quickly the spirit of a country, and even of a civ ilized world, may change. Only a few weeks ago, when Wood row Wilson de clared his intention of following out simple altruistic rules in his Mexican policy, a jeer went up from the invest ing classes in this country and from several of the nations in Europe. He stood calmly by his policy, however, and when, a little later, before the southern commercial congress, he de clared that never again would the United States seek to obtain one addi tional foot of territory by conquest and prophesied the end of the policy of ma terial interest, there was scarcely a dissenting voice- He pointed out acute ly why we do not hear of concessions to foreign capitalists in the United States. They may be invited to make investments, but we do not grant them concessions. "The work is ours, though they are welcome to invest in it." With sympathy, he pointed out that in those states which are forced to grant con cessions, foreign interests are likely to dominate domestic affairs, which is a condition always dangerous and likely to become intolerable. In saying that the Latin-American states had had harder bargains driven with them in the matter of loans than any other peo ple in the world, he indicated a char acteristic of his mind—that his sym pathy, general and ethical as it is, is concrete and businesslike, as he added, "interest has been exacted of them that was not exacted of anybody else, be cause the risk was said to be greater, and then securities were taken that de stroyed the risks. An admirable ar rangement for those who were forcing tho terms!" Tt is exciting to have in tho White House a man capable of focusing the most progressive moral principles of the time and applying them successfully to the most compli cated situations—fearless of mere con ventional criticism, and confident of the triumph of right ideas. Was It?/ Lippincott's: "I gave Walter a oeautiful necktie of my own make for a Christmas present," said Mabel. "Was he pleased?" "Oh, yes he said its beauty- shall be for no other eyes than his own. Wasn't that lovely of him?" Sure! there is a splendid chance for your Stomach to "comer back" and you can help Nature along by taking a short course of liOSTETTER'S Stomach Bitters It is for Poor Appetite, Indiges tion, Costiveness, Colds and nrippf1. fV North Dakota Kernels Elections of lodge officers are in or der. Farmers find sour milk is good food for chickens. Farmers in theRed river valley, are still plowing. The city ordinances of Jamestown are to be revised. The University of Minnesota Glee club will sing at Minot. Bishop Mann is delivering his fare well sermons over the state. There is a big demand for North Dakota's high grade butter. The high school at Grafton has start ed its course on agriculture. Turkeys by the ton are being ship ped westward from Medina. The annual school entertainment at Ryder was a splendid succcss. Efforts are being made to establish a free public library at LaMoure. A number of new books have been added to the city library at Jaimestown. A party of Ryder people will spend Christmas at their old homes in Nor way. The city council at Enderlin has purchased another l,000i feet of fire hose. There seems to be a demand for dwelling houseso in every town of the state- Frank Cox, 20, at Minot, will serve time in the county jail for stealing a watch. The city board of education at Jamestown has adopted a new series of readers. A butcher at Minot recently purchas ed a cow that has all the earmarks of a buffalo. Judge Coffee has added a large num ber of blooded hogs to his farm near Courtenay. Editor Bolstad of The Fingal Herald was recently wedded to an estimable young lady of Enderlin. A lot of good work was done by the Salvation army at Minot during the month of November. People at Valley City seemed highly pleased with the concert given by tho Congregational choir. The farmers of LaiMoure county se«m enthusiastic over the organiza tion of farmers' clubs. A new city directory for Grand Forks is being distributed. It was dcdicatcd to George B. Winship. Old pioneers of the state note with delight how the blizzards aTe disap pearing from North Dakota. The death of Mrs- Samuel Daily at Jamestown marks the passing of an other pioneer woman of the state. Some of the farmers of the state are taking advantage of the fine fall weather and are still building silos. North Dakota eggs ought to weigh a pound and a half to the dozen, or fifty-five pounds net to the thirty doz en. A big rat in a barbershop at Valley City caused as much commotion as a mouse would at a ladles' aid society meeting. ttfc Baker and Joe Hamilton were ar rested at Minot charged with stealing $1,000 worth of Silk from O. Amber son at Rugby. C- B. Losee of Wolford, who was graduated from the bankruptcy court in 1904, Is taking the second course. He i3 a blacksmith. Editor Trubshaw of Valley City thinks the new normal building at Minot is better than the capitol build ing at Bismarck. People of the state are still boast IFlg about North Dakota having a snowless and frostless Thanksgiving day, which rarely occurs. Agnes Quist at Valley City secured a divorce from her husband, because within three weeks after their mar riage in 1911 he disappeared. A barking dog frightened the horse he was riding and Henry Anderson, 16, at Taylor, was thrown to the ground. He died from a broken skull. The city commission at Hillsboro has been organized. John E. Paulson is president, and Earle Sarles, son of the ex-governor, is one of the commis sioners. A. M. Baker, formerly with The Courier-News, has joined Chas. Brew er, apd the twovwill conduct an adver tising agency in connection with Brewer's ^ews bureau. When his team became frightened Frank Frye, an International Harves ter collector at Hatton, was' thrown from his rig and among other bruises, he sustained a broken hand- 4 Sheriff Dwire, at Lisbon, has a pack of bloodhound pups,,that made a great record trailing a couple of thieves. The men were traced to their room in the hotel where they had the loot stored. THE SEA. A wet sheet and a flowing sea, A wind that follows fast, And fills tho whlt£ and rustling sail, And bends the gallant mast— And bends the gallant mast, my boys, While, like the eagle free, Away the good ship flies, and' leaves Old England on the l«e- O for a soft and gentle wind! I heard a fair one cry But give to rnc the snoring breeze And white waves heaving high— And white waves heaving high, my boys' The* good ship tight and free The world of waters is our hopae, s And merry men are we. There's tempest .in ^ron horned moon. And lightning in yon cloud And hark the music, mariners! The wind is piping loud— The wind is piping loud, my boys, The lightning flashing free While the hollow oak our palace is, Q-ur .heritage the sea. —Allan Cunningham. Pa Just Looked On. Chicago Record-Herald: "Did your father ever spank you when you were a boy?" "Certainly not." "Was he opposed to corporal punn ishment on principle or were you sqi good that you didn't need spanking?" "Neither. Mother waa the man ofi the house." On the Make, puck: Eflfie's Brother—Do you love m#* sister Kffie? Effie's Steady Company—Why, Wil-. lie, that is a queer question. Why do you want to know? Effie's Brother—She said last night she would give a dolar to know, andi I'£ like tot scoop, it in* THE 7AEG0 FORUM 'ATSTD DAILY REPUBLICAN, SATURDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 6, 1913. His Policeman Friend Looked at Teddy. EAR me, how Jack's things did sometimes get lost! If it were not that he had a kind sister Evelyn to heip find them Jack might have been in trouble sometimes. "Well," said daddy as he heard how Jack had just lost his new blue tie and how Evelyn had found it behind the sofa, "It's wonderful where these lost things turn up. "And that reminds me of a story of Here Are Ladies. As one glances over the contents page of James Stephen's new book, Here Are Ladies, one is certain to note the author's fondness for the number three. Three Heavy Husbands, Three Angry People, Three Lovers Who Lost, A Three-Penny Piece, these, the topics of several of the chapters, illustrate the point, but no explanation is given as to why three. The New York Globe, however, brings forward one of its own which is amusing and quite in line with Mr. Stephen's highly in dividualized humor. The writer in The Globe says: "The subject upon which Mr. Stephens dwells most lovingly (as lovingly as a humorous cat with mouse) is matrimony, 'that extra ordinary debate called marriage.' This1 is a subject of which he never tires and matrimony as he explains, if it remain an agreeable state at all, must soon become triangular. To say that two is company and three is a crowd is, according to Mr. Stephens, to make a 'very temporary statement.' Sooner or later two, if they are any company kt all, are bad company and pray dis creetly but passionately for the crowd censured by the proverb." Incidentally The Globe says that "as in The Crock of Gold, here again in Here Are Ladies we have humor of a fresh and delightful quality, whimsy and philosophy, poetry and romance, all squared up with life, and every page reflecting one of the most original and interesting personalities that has recently appeared in literature. Here Are Ladies and here's to 'em." (George H. Doran Co., New York.) Now Auction Rules. In Auction Developments, written by Milton C. Work and published by Houghton Mifflin Co., appear the new laws just adopted .by the New York Whist club, which eliminate "chicane," materially reduce the revoke penalty, give new privileges to the dummy, add numerous penalties, and, in fact, fur nish virtually a new game. Those who wish to play an up-to-date game ^OW A DOLLAR GROWS. Increased to $14.53 After 44 Years With Compound Interest. Penn Yan Cor. New York Sun: Mrs.-George S. Weaver, who lives in Main street, Penn Yan, recently re-, ceived a call from a stranger who was past middle life and who said he lived! in an adjoining county. He told Mrs. Weaver that, he owed Solomon D. Weaver's estate some* money and was searching for the pro-, per person to pay it to. Solomon D. Weaver died in 1887 at the age of 92. years and was the father of the de ceased husband of Mrs. Weaver. Aft-, er asking some questions of Mrs., Weaver he went down street and made some more inquiries. Later he returned and said that forty-four) years ago he had driven through a toIL gate on the Penn Yan' and Branch-/ port highway. The toll was 4 cents., He did not have 4 cents in change and, tendered a bill. In giving back thei change the toll gate keeper handed him $1 too much. The stranger kept the $1, but never forgot about it. Sol omon D. Weaver, the father-in-law o£ Mrs. Weaver, had built this road and) was the man for whom the gatekeep er was collecting. The stranger sat down and figured for some time, and he finally stated, that the $1 with compound interest amounted to $14.53. This amount he insisted W Mxs. Weaver*» 1 how Teddy bear. "One day Tommy went out for a walk in the park with Hattie, his nurse maid. He carried Teddy in his arms, for Tommy said Teddy would like to have some fresh air too. "When they reached the park Hattie sat down on one of the benches to talk with a friend, and Tommy took Teddy over to the fountain. Then he showed him to his friend, the policeman. The policeman said that animals were not allowed in the park, and he really ought to take the Teddy bear right off to the station house before he began eating folks up. "Of course Tommy and the policeman both laughed at this, for it was meant only as a joke. The officer went away, smiling, while Tommy began to play with a little boy whom be knew. "Tommy after awhile started home without thinking of the Teddy bear, who still sat straight and quiet on the bench where he had been left. "By and by the big policeman came along. He saw the Teddy bear on the bench and stopped and stared. 'It looks just like Master Tommy's bear, and I shall have to arrest him, after all,' he said, grinning. He picked up Teddy and carried him to the sta tion house, where the other policemen made jokes about it. "When Tommy got home his mother asked him what he had done with Teddy. "Then Tommy began to cry. 'Poor Teddy losted!' he wailed. He could not remember where he had left Teddy, and no one In the family expected to see him again. But the next day Tommy went to the park again, and then his friend the policeman tolcl him about having arrested a Teddy bear. 'My Teddy, my Teddy!' cried Tommy, and hand in hand with his police man friend he went to the station house, where the big sergeant took Teddy out of the cupboard and gave him to his little owner. 'Watch out or you will be getting lost yourself, Master Tommy, and then I shall have to bring you to the station house!' warned his friend the good natured, big policeman." From The Forum Book Shelf The Door That Has No Key. Cosmo Hamilton discusses in his new novel, The Door That lias No Key, many of the questions which are uppermost in the modern mind con cerning marriage. He brings very clearly before the reader that marriage is today, and always has been, a bar gain made between two people. He also shows something which we all know but sometimes forget, that mar riage is a bargain from which one can gain release only by disgrace. Illus trating this point, his book contains a brilliant account of a society divorce suit in London. He gives us the cyni cal remarks of the judges and the law yers. He shows us the witnesses lying their tongues out of their heads in the sheer Joy of defaming a superior's character. He shows us the extra ordinary melodramatic constructions that lawyers are continually putting upon commonplace actions in order to distort the facts, and lastly he shows us one honest man who stands up in defence of the little heroine Blossy and, by appealing to a sense of truth in the jury, shames these legal char latans out of their complacency. A vivacious book, full of sparkling pages, is The Door That Has No Key, which nevertheless deals with terrible private injustices which men and women by marriage, inflict upon one another and themselves. It is of interest to note here that* Phillip Gibbs, the author of The Eighth Year, which has created so much stir in London and is gaining an attentive hearing in America, is a brother of Cosmo Hamilton. (George H. Doran Co., New York.) fjir train s Bedtime What Happened To a Lost Teddy Bear. Tommy Tompkins lost his brown of auction should have Auction De velopments. (Houghton Mifflin Co., New York.) The Health Master. The Health Master, by Samuel Hop kins Adams, has been adopted by the department of physical culture and athletics at Hamilton college as "out side reading of first importance." Prof. Daniel Chase, director of the depart ment, says "I consider it the best work of its kind I have ever seen." (Hough ton, Mifflin Co., New York.) LITNRARY NOTES "Holland," the best authority on railroad matters, outside the profes sion, writes qp follows concerning Howard Elliott's The Truth About the Railroads: "I wish it could be .placed as a text book in the hands of every student in the United States, and by students I don't mean exclusively those AVIIO have matriculated at college or uni versity. I mean every intelligent man in the United States who is anxious to study and learn the true relation that should be established between the people and tho railroads." Charles McEvoy, author of Brass Faces, has written a comedy, When the Devil Was III, which will be pror duced shortly at The Fine Arts thea tre, Chicago. Dr. Edward Cummings, .of Boston, made his Thanksgiving address a stirring appeal to patriotism. Brad ford's History of Plymouth Plantation is, in Dr. Cummings* opinion, as sac red to us as the Bible. "It is more sacred to us," he says, "than any) Jewish history can be, and it is as sacred to us as the histories of thej Jews were sacred to them. We shall learn to spell history with a capital H—His story, God's story." Ian Hay, whoso care freg "Happy Go-Lucky" has soothed an hour fori many a reader, not to say review er,i may have need himself of the easy going traits of his hero, for Mr. Hay has lately taken .up two dangerous pastime&T-motoring and politics. Ha writes as follows to an American) friend: "I nearly ended my literary and other careers about three weeks ago by capsizing my motor on the wayi back from Oban. I was driving -along! a highland glen and rounding a sharp corner, when suddenly I realized that} I was going much faster than I thought. Next moment the car skid-t ded right across the road, a tire bursty and the whole thing rolled over side-* ways. I was thrown out on the road qiuite unhurt, with my luggage ali ground me. Luckily the car did noti turn right over, as the glass screen: stopped It, or I might have been pin ned underneath. Ultimately anothec car came up, and we succeeded in getting my car back on its legs again. The extraordinary part of it all was that it had received no particular damage beyond the broken screen, and in three-quarters of an hour of tho accident I was on my way to Edin burgh. "I have lately become a politician, and have been adopted as prospective unionist candidate for Kirkcalldy burghs. It is quite a hopeless seat: there has been a radical majority of 3,000 or BO for the last twenty years, but it should be a useful experience." Houghton Mifflin Co. .announce sec ond printings of Jessie B. Ritten house's interesting collection of recent American poetry, The Little Book ofi Modern Verse, and of James Willard, Kchultz's latest Indian storjr, The Quest of the Fish-Dog Skin. as he said his conscience compelled, him to do it. The stranger Baid that, although he had never forgotten about taking $1 too much change from Mr. Weaver's employe, his conscience had never, troubled Shim until lately. A CHANGE. But yesterday his clouds wer^ gray And sorrow seemed to fill his cup, He trudged along his weary way With eyes cast down, instead of up. "If you refuse me," he had said, ,. "My life will be one round of w,oe, In darkness ever I shall tread." But still the maiden answered "No." "I go," said he, "then doomed to be Forever shrouded by dismay, The-sun shall never shine for me.0^ But all this happened yesterday. Today he steps with new-found vim He seems the cheerfulest of men, A prettier maiden smiled at him, ,1 And he haa taken heart again. •—Detroit. Free Press. Ayer's Hair Glad to know you have used it. Tcli your friends how it stopped your falling hair and greatly promoted its growth. i Ask Your Doctor. J. 0. A yor Co., Lowe!), Mass. *•&.! rrs-Vf £. s ^w,,w ,,„• ,,, i.u^ly^i^ v ., yuHi#*^iw yj-nuiii^UW" **•. .* ''*s PEJUS NEWS LETTER Peking, Dec, 6.—"Members of the christiar community are now free as never before to enter into all forms of activities and to make their influ ence felt in social life in Peking," says J. S. Burgess, one of the young Princeton men who are conducting one Y. M. C. A. for Chinese and another for the soldiers of the Various lega tion guards In this capital. Mr. Burgess has been devoting him self especially to social work among the Chinese. He has, as a result, ac quired much knowledge of unusual conditions in the prisons, insane asy lums and poorhouses in Peking. At the same time he has great hopes of the Chinese becoming more and more active in bettering conditions among their own people. He thinks, too, that the new liberty of ideas which the republic has brought about will increase the number of christian con verts more rapidly than heretofore. Out of a membership of 400, the Chi nese Y. M. C. A. in Peking has at present but thirty acknowledged christians. One reason is that the converts made by missionaries have generally come from the 'poorer class es, and many of these christians are unable to spare from their earnings the annual dues of $3 a year for mem bership. As a result of his investigations, M. Bugess says there are 25,000 rick shaw coolies in Peking, and that many of them not only provide for them selves, but also for families of two or three persons on an Income of from ten to fifteen coppers, worth loss than half tho value of the same number of American cents, per day. "A brief atudy of twenty of these men," says Mr. Burgess in a report just compiled, "revealed the fact that they are not so grossly ignorant and hopeless as might be supposed. A good propor tion of them can read, and thus are open to the influence of easy Chinese literature. "There are thousands of apprentic es and employes in the large stores who are virtually slaves, working .from fourteen to eighteen hours a day with no wholesome recreation and no chance for education. These men are not allowed to leave the store. Mod ern industry has as yet scarcely shown its head in Peking, but now is the time to create public opinion which will re sult in the enactment of laws making impossible those -conditions already existing in the factories of Osaka and Shanghai. In Osaka thousands of women, lured in from the country on false promises, are forced to work in credible hours on starvation pay, sleeping in crowded and unsanitary buildings under blankets that aro never for an hour without a user. "That there is ignorance of the grossest kind among the lower classes in Peking and a vast field for educa tion along the very simplest lines is evident. A coolie who was attending the Social Service club night school asked me whether America really was a place, or whether it was vague like heaven, and added, 'What do you think? They say the world is round. Anyone can see it isn't.' The rick shaw coolie's idea of a republic was that Yuan Shih-kal had become em peror. But perhaps this shows signs of astuteness rather than ignorance. "Long training to consider bodily exercise as ignoble, and many wise precepts about the student who burns the midnight oil have brought about a class of students for the most part physically weak, among whom tuber culosis and eye-trouble are common. "The westerner is struck with the emptiness of the lives of the poor and of the rich alike, and the apparent lack of development of the play in stinct. The coolie's ideal of a good time is to go home and do nothing. When a student of the College of Languages was asked what he did when he wanted to enjoy himself he replied, 'I eat. This is my fifth meal today.' "The lack of wholesome amuse ments naturally results in participa tion in unwholesome amusements. Five years ago there was not a pool room in Peking. There are now a dozen of them. Gambling and drink ing are common in such places. "The theatre, never a place of high moral influence, is in some cases in troducing modern drama, with or chestra, curtains, and realistic acting and speaking. Since the revolution for the first time actresses have found a place in the city. We are told by one of the police departments that there has been marked increase of open im morality since the revolution. The convening parliament was also coin cident with an unusual sale of girls into slavery from impoverished Man chu families. "The sudden change of this nation into a republic has brought in a host of new and totally misunderstood western ideas about the supposedly modern relations of men and women. This has been noted even in the mis sion schools. On a pleasant summer evening numbers of unchaperoned young men and women could be seen strolling about the groves of the Tem ple of Heaven, arm in arm. For China such a thing was utterly un heard of a few months ago." Mr. Burgess declares also that the prisons range from "heaven to hell There is a "model prison" in Peking that compares favorably with the prisons of Europe and America, and might be an inducement for many of the homeless, who lose their limbs and sometimes their lives by freezing in the streets of this city in winter, to commit crimes in order to be sent there. But, as a policeman explained to him, the prisoner cannot tell which jail ho will be condemned to occupy. Mr. Burgess is trying to enlist the co-operation of tho Chinese whenever and wherever possible jn his work. He says he has been advised that with some definite, scheme in hand, Yuan Shih-Kai himself will heartily co-op erate in a plan of enlightenment. Mr. Burgess proposes that all the public halla in the city, the theatres and schools, as well as the foreign mis felons, shall be thrown open to a cam paign of popular education, with pub lic speakers on the platforms. The Factory Problem In Japan. Minneapolis Tribune: Civilization has brought Japan her factory problem. The free open life of former genera tions which gave the Japanese men the hardihood that enabled them to fight successfully the war with Russia, is no longer enjoyed by a large percentage of the people. The Moloch of modern industry consumes its thousands,'as it does in other, highly developed coun tries. The Japan Times reproduces the report of Dr. Shu Ishiwara, a special ist of the National Medical association, upon the condition of factory girls. He says that a large number of theim are reduced by long working hours, inade quate feeding and improper lodging to a state of physical wreck and not only that, but are turned into an agency for spreading broadcast tuberculosis and other dread diseases. The details as given by Dr. Ishiwara are truly shocking, and The Japan Times gives warning that not only is the national health in danger, but there is also danger that foreign markets may close their doors to Japansee prod ucts as unsanitary, if a thorough-going reform is not speedily instituted. The growth of Japanese industry is indicated by tho fact that fully 200,000 factory girls are newly recruited every year. The diet is asked to pass a radi cal factory inspection law, and the fac tory owners are warned not to resist, it because it might immediately cut down some of their profits lest without adequate reform they may later have to face a crushing loss. 1 Japan is simply living the experience of the older industrial countries. Fac tory and workshop ftvory.wjier© j-e^uirp .x -:*'1 -?'.. k- *1 *v rrrrT" Professional Cards DR. A. P. JOHNSON Pioneer Lite Building. DR. JAS. P. AYLEN Consulting Surgeon Soo railway, late chief surgeon N. P. railway. Office, Edwards' Bldg., Broadway. Hours? 11 to 12 ~T~ *tp DBNTIST Office. 70T W. Broadway B«U, Graves & Wallace WtNVISTt Over 1st Nat. Bank. Phono IW*I* Office hours: to 12 and 2 to ft. Office closed Saturday afternoon* and Sundays. Phone 363• DH. J. W. CAMPOBLI* Specialist. EJY33. EAR, NOSE AND THROAT Edward* 13 Ida. Fargo, If. IX J. M. Rmdlaub, M. Elizabeth Rlndlaub. M. XX Martin P. Rlndlaub, SC. IX DRS. RINDLAUB, Specialists EYE, EAR, NOSH AND THROA leLcndrecie Bile, Op. V. P. D«P*t Fargo. Nottb Dakota* OB. STEW HANSON, OlteOHtk, Graduate under founder of Osteopathy. a. m. 2 to aad 7 to 9 p. in. Phone: Office 400. Residence 3457 DR. H. W. ALLEN, OSTEOPATH. Graduate of the American school of osteopathy, Klrksvllle, Mo. Acute and chronic diseases successfully treated. Spinal Injuries and irregu larities a specialty. No. 321-22 de» Lendrecie Blk. Phone 611. FRANK Ii. ANDERS Asso. M. Am. So. Civil Engineers* Mem. Am. Water Works Association Civil and Mechanical .Engineer Water Works. Water Purification. Power Plants. Valuations Superlvisioi* of Operation. FAJKGO, NORTH DAROTA. AliUUIaCTV. HANCOCK A-tt-cmTECTS, Of fices Douglas Uuilaing, lis Broad way, Fargo. ACCOUNTANT. WALTER Tiiu.uaujN—jbXPERT Ac countant. Phone 1120 TAlrd avenue south, Fargo, N. D, BEAUTY 1'AiaOHS. MELIN'S CJtiiKOruiJi PARLORS. Superfluous hair removed eiectrio scalp treatment vacuum massage ior ladles and gentlemen. 10b Jbtroadway. Phone 708. PHYSICIANS. DR. P. H. BUis/lXiiN, OFFICE HOURS, 10 to 13S a. m., z toti itiid to U p. m. Office: Stern .tfuueung. Phone 1/8-JU Fargo, JN. D. DR. J. G. DILLON, HOMEOPATHIC Physician. UeLendrecie Block. DRS. F. H. BAILEY & KACliELMACH Kit. Specialists, eye, ear, nose and throat. Office hours: y to 12 and 1:36 to 6. unices in Stern Block. DRS. DARROVV & VVE1BLE, deLEND recle Block. Otfice hours from & to 4 p. m. DRS. WILLIAM C. NICHOLS 1 At AR- thur A. Nichols, Physicians and Sur geons, 60S Front street. DR. 'J. L. SAVAGE, PHYSICIAN AND Surgeon, 60S Front street. J. W. V1DAL, M. D., HOMEOPATHIC Physician and Surgeon. Edward" Block, Fargo, N. D. F1ANO TUNER AND TEACHER. Prof. Wm. Klimmek, 714 tfth Ave. So. Master tuning and repairing. Phone 1341-1* Railroad Time Table NORTHERN PACIFIC, in Eixcct Nov. aa. Trains Arriving From ICaSt. No. 1, North Coast Limited... 5:47 p. m. No. 3, N. P. Exp ...... 5:40 a. ni. No. 6, Pac. Coast Exp........ 6:13 p. m. No. 7, Western Exp 7:30 a. m. No. 9, Minn. Local 6:20 p. in. No. 113, Staples Local 9:15 a. xn. Trains Arriving From West. No. 2, North Coast Limited...12:54 m. Nol 4, Atlantic Exp 3:40 p. m. No. 6, Twin City Exp 9:45 a, m. No. 8, Eastern Exp .10:20 p. m. No. 134, Fargo-S-W 7:00 p. m. No. 138, Casselton Branch...* 6:00 p. m. No. 142, Jamestown Local.... 7:30 p. m. TrnliiH Going East. No. 2, North Coast Limited... 1:04 a. m. No. 4, Atlantic Exp 3:50 p. m. No. 6, Twin City Exp 10:00 a. m. No. 8, Eastern Exp 10:45 p. m. No, 10, 9:00 a. m. No. 114, Staples Local 1:10 p. m. Trains Going West No. 1, NorthjCoast Limited... 5:54 p. m. No. 3, N. P. Exp. No. 5, Pac. Exp No. 7, Western Exp. No. 135, Fargo-S-W No. 139, Casselton Branch. No. 143, Jamestown Local. 6:47 a. m. 6:20 p. m. 7:50 a. m. 8:40 a. .10:00 a. m. 6:30 _p. m. (2IU&AT NORTHEaH, In Efffcct NOV. a, 1011. y 1 Bant Bound Trains, No* 112 Grand Forks local..10:60 a.-iB.•( No. 2. Oriental Limited via Breckanrldg'e ....11:35 p. m. No. ,4, Oregonion via Fergus Falls 8:10 J*. MU •No. 131 Moorhead Northern. 5:30 a. in. •No. 14, Local St. Paul via Breckenrdigo .... 7:45 a. m. NO. 12, Local St. Paul via Fergus Falls .... 7:55 a* m. No. 10, Local via Breck 10:00 p. m. No. 30, Red River Limited via Fergus Falls. 12:30 a. m. No. 28, Fast mail 5 05 a, m- Wcst Round Trains. No. 9, Minot local 4:50 a. m. No. 29, Red River Limited Grand Forks .... 6:10 s»-m. No. Ill, Grand Forks local.. 2:40 p. xn. No. 1, Oriental Limited via Grand Forks .... 6:15 n. ®. •No. 195, Fargo Surrey line and Aneta ....... 7:00 a. IB. •No. 341, Mixed Portland CHICAGO, MILWAUKEE A ST. FAUX* ,£faSns Ajrrivlng From Bast. 12:30p.m. Mixed Train 5:46p.m. xr Trains Going East. 11 Mixed Train 7:00a.4m.7:10p.nu constant vigilance and more or less public supervision to keep down in jurious conditions of work, and to com pel due attention to sanitation. It is encouraging t( see that Japan,. which so quickly assimilated western political and industrial methods, is getting so early and so good a. start in tho work of N Branch 8 00 p., mi No. 27, FaBt Mail 2534 pj-ta. Trains Arriving?. up °ver night) •No. 196 Minot-Surrey and Aneta 7:45 No. 11, St. Paul-Fargo local. 5:50 p. m. •No. 13, St. Paul-Fargo lo w x?*11 via Breck.. .. 8:20 p. m. !Sa Noyes-Fargo local. 9:30 p. m. •Jl? P°rtland Branch... 6:35 p. m. •Except Sunday.