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& J»| !-'V •r i fAv ft.,'/ i n v^ WEATHBH. Unsettled weather tonight and Thursday, probably showers. -No Im portant change in temperature. iftllllHHlin UllMiii 111 FfPtifli" I I 011,11 eror Dr. Ludwig Frank of Manheim, a prominent socialists member of the reichstag, was killed Sept. 3, during a charge4 against the French at Luneville. Prince Frederick William. of Heaze has been wounded. The German onslaughts on Maubeuge have been deter mined and judging from the incomplete news reports, they have been going on for a week or more. Dispatches from London, under date of 5, said that parti of the British expeditionary force in France was at Mau beuge, assisting the French garrison in its defense. The Ger man general staff announced in Berlin, Sept. 6, that two of the Maubeuge forts had fallen and that the fire of the Ger-,. man artillery on that date was being directed against the town, which was in flames. On the same day an official com munication given out in Paris said that Maubeuge continued* "this resistance. A French official announcement under date of Sept. 7, preferred to the French defense of Maubeuge as follows: "The minister of war has telegraphed to the governor of Maubeuge expressing the government's admiration for the heroic defense and saying: "You are to stop at nothing to prolong resistance until the hour of your approaching de liverance, which I hope will be soon. "The commander in chief has placed the name of the commander of Maubeuge in the order of the day for his Eplendid defense." Washington, Sept. 9.—The German embassy received a wireless from Berlin saying: "General headquarters reports the fall of Maubeuge. .|Four hundred cannon, four generals and 40,000 prisoners Spvere captured.'1 .The embassy received another wireless, saying*: "The Spanish ambassador in Berlin strongly denies rttffiOTs of Spain's unfriendly attitude against Germany and, Austria, all the Spanish party leaders being for strict neutrality. All the papers speak of the importance of the capture of Maubeuge. "Three German military lines are now free. The fa cers also speak of the 40,000 captured at Maubeuge at mean ing the weakening of the enemy. "At Strassburg, after a court-martial session, the official Statement was made: 'The French authorities, two months before mobiliza tion, organized Franctireur (snippers) bands by distributing arms to civilians. Red Sailing of Delayed-Crew Part New York, Sept. 9.—The Red Cross, f"* the American ship of Mercy, which will carry relief to' the wounded on Euro e pean battlefields will sail from this -, port Thursday morning, it was an nounced last night. Her crew will be "made up of Americans and Spainards i —men of neutral nations. The Red Cross was to have begun her voyage yesterday, but those em ployed on board included a number of U. S. Report Washington, Sept. 9—in wheat alone will there be an excess in the coun try's food crops whiph might be ex ported to assist in paying off the na tion's European obligations due to the sale of American securities by foreign holders early in the European conflict. Z 'Department of agriculture reports yesterday indicated that this is to be a short crop year in every other cer- With the largest wheat crop on rec ord, from present indications 896,000, 000 bushels, there is a prospect that approximately 900,000,000 buciiels ... ,V' N-. Jt^,} i v & v* f/ v •li.'nO Prisoners Taken Is Claim of tfi German War Ot&e Berlin, (by wireless to Associated Press), Sept. 0.—An-,, official announcement was made at army headquarters thatT the French fortress of Maubeuge, on the Sambrem river, had fallen. The Germans took 40,000 prisoners, including foun generals. Four hundred cannon were also captured. Maut beuge is a fortress of the first class. It is situated in the de~% partment of Du Nord, about six miles from the Belgian* frontier. aP President Wilson London, Sept. 9.—"There has been published in Copenhagen a filegram which Emperor William sent to President Wilson under date of September," telegraphs the Copenhagen correspondent of Tho London Daily Telegraph. "In this message Emperor William protests against the use of dum-dum bullets and against the par ticipation of the Belgian population in the war. Emperor William adds in his communication to Mr. Wilson that his generals have in eertain cases been compelled to punish the Belgians and he expresses his deep regret at the diatruotion of Lottvain^nd ether mUcttbftfl places," ,iV Cross V- K v V^-m N,/ & x- irmans Germans, and her department w^s de layed after the British and French governments had- protested against persons of that nationality being among the crew. "The activity of the press has in directly caused a delay," Miss Board man said. "As soon as it was learned that he had accepted the offer made by the Hamburg-American line, of their Continued on Page Four. ays V." Has 81,600,000 Bushels of Wheat ll"1' i 3ir feftf might be available for export. With wheat selling at more than $1.10 a bushel this would cost foreign buyers $330,000,000. It will be offset, how ever, by decreased takings of Ameri can cotton abroad. Last year the United States ex ported $547,000,000 worth of cotton, but from present indications this year's exports will fall far below that amount. It is pointed out that there will be little or no corn offered for export be- \7T^7r^r gpatlnued on Page Four« Continued on Page Six. FORUM ESTABLISHED NOV. 17,1891. FARGO, NORTH DAKOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBER 9,1914. AMERICAN MERCHANT IN LONDON ORDERS HI8 MEN TO FIGHT FOR ENGLAND. SV- Harry Gordon Selfrldge.-fofjtt erly of Chicago, and owner of London's "American" department store, has notified his heads of de partments to intimate to every man in his employ between the ages of 20 and 35, unmarried, that they enlist immediately or resign their positions. In fact, Selfridge, several weeks ago, announced In a public meet ing of his employes, he was ready to pay half wages to the wives of all men in his employ who enlist ed. This resulted In about 30 per cent of the eligible employes en listing. OADS IN ALTO WILSON Washington, Sept. I.—Preirtdflnt Wilson was asked by a committee of railroad executives to aaaress an appeal to the country that the people take a more sympathetic attitude toward the railroads. The committee told Wilson he could do much to remove the antagonism, which together with the European war, railroad men said, is causing the railroads great difficulty in meeting with their obligations. (s) Washington, Sept. 9.—A committee Of railroad presidents appealed direct ly to President Wilson today to assist them in devising means for tiding over the difficulties they say have grown Out of the war in Europe. They were prepared to lay before Mr. Wilson facta and figures tending to show that the war in Europe has made money so tight that, it is practically impossible to raise -additional funds. The president already has indicated a receptive attitude by his tacit agree ment to the postponement of the rail Toad securities bill until next session to avoid embarrassing the railroads. It is said the president views with favor the argument of the railroads for increased rates, but that ha con siders he has no right to interfere with the jurisdiction of the Interstate com merce commission. The conference was arranged at the request of the railroad in6n and the committee which is seeing the presi dent represents practically every: large railroad of the country. CHOOF Bismarck, Wfc t., Sept. 9.—The eu preme court has reversed the decision in the Grant County State bank vs. Northwestern Land Co. case, an action growing out of the celebrated Andy Jones Case at Rugby. The syllabus of the case is as fol lows Grant County State bank, appellant, vs. Northwestern Land Co., respond ent. Defendant company and the First National bank of Rugby occupied the same offices. Jones was cashier of the bank and treasurer of the company and later its vice president. October, 1907, the bank by said cashier sold plaintiff some negotiable paper, one jnote of which purported to be that of the defendant for $2,500, witli said tank as payee, and due in October, 1908. Defendants directors and of ficials, besides Jones did not authorize I issuance of this note and knew noth ing of it and no part of the proceeds of the note was received by it, though plaintiff paid full face value for the note to Jones. As its vice president Jones was in charge of defendants' of fices and before purchasing this note, plaintiffs' cashier, Wells, inquired of Jones as to who the defendants' offi cials were and facts as to its worth, and was informed thereof and that Jones was its treasurer then and when the note was signed shortly prior there to. The purported signature of the note, was, "Northwestern ]Land Co., by A. H. Jones, treasurer," Jones was not treasurer but vice president. Defend ants' by-laws provided that no promis sory note should be valid unless signed jointly by its president and treasurer. rt AND DAILY REPUBLICAN Washington, Sept. 9.—The bankers' committee plan for meeting American obligations to Europe with gold pay ments, as proposed to the federal re serve board last week, was taken up yesterday by the board. It contem plates a gold fund contributed by na tional banks in reserve and central re serve cities of $150,000,000 of which 125,000,000 is to bp made immediately available. A decision may be reached by the board today after an examina tion of every possible result oI its ap proval. Following is the committee plan as made public last night. "That the banks of this country, es pecially located in reserve and cen tral reserve cities, be requested to contributed to a gold fund of $15,000, 000 of which $25,000,000 to be immedi ately paid into the depository of the Bank of England in Canada for which a participation deposit receipt will be furnished to each contributing bank. The remainder of the contributed amounts to be subject to call by the New York committee through the lo cal committees of the respective cities and to be paid for in New York ex change. "Said New York committee V be ap pointed by the clearing hoi'.fe associ ations of trie respective contributing cities. The committee appointed by the New York clearing house associa tion to be charged with the duty of handling the said fund, of fixing the price at which foreign exchange is to be bought and sold, is to make requi sition from time to time under the re spective contributing cities through the local committees thereof. Said lo cal committees shall have supervision in the respective cities of the ship ments and general withdrawals of gold. "This committee recommends that the federal reserve board take steps to ascertain the amount of gold that will be contributed by the banks in the respective cities and that it use its influence to have the said ^banks contribute their proper pro rata." PROPOSE AN INCOM RAIS V 'jfc1 "Washington, Sept. 9.—Axr itfeome tax increase of it of per cent and a reduction of the minimum exemp tion from $3,000 to $2,000 and the maximum exemption from $4,000 to $3,000 were tentatively agreed upon yesterday by democratic members of the ways and means committee, who are framing the emergency revenue bill to raise $100,000,000. It is estimat ed that the proposed income tax changes would produce $36,000,000 an nually. In deciding on the income tax in creases the committee considered the fact that revenue from this source would not be available until next July, but the opinion was general that the increased revenue from other sources would meet any deficit until that time. Under the proposed changes the in come tax would be 1% per cent on in comes of single persons in excess of $2,000 and the same on married per sons in excess of $3,000. In addition the Vt per cent increase would be added pro rata in accordance with the Increased taxes on Incomes in excess of $20,000. The committee agreed also that the increased tax on beer and malt liquors should be fixed at 50 cents a barrel, bringing in $35,000,000. On domestic wines an extra tax of 20 cents a gal lon will raise $10,000. Distilled spirits will escape an extra tax but it was decided to tax rectified spirits 2 cents a gallon, realizing $2,000,000. Opponents of an increased tax on whiskys won their fight after three ballots had been taken. Proposals to levy an additional tax of 25 cents and 15 cents a gallon were defeated. On a proposal to make the tax 10 cents a gallon there was a tie vote. Finally it was agreed to mak6 the tax apjjfly only to rectified spirits at 2 cents. The committee is said also to have agreed tentatively on a tax on rail road freight in lieu of a tax on rail road on tickets. Such a tax would be collected by the railroads and easily administered. The rate proposed, if was reported, was 2 per cent. At the conclusion of an all-day con ference it was agreed not to tax to bacco products, automobiles, gasoline, amusement tickets, magazines and ma.ny other articles and commodities which had been proposed, the increas ed income tax averting the necessity of levying against these articles. Tho committee will meet again Thursday. -I fifth' ift. i fl -g. rivm FORCE8 FROM INDIA AT THE FRONT London, Sept. 9.—The Britisn and French armies seem to be effec tively driving home their advantage, in fighting east of Paris, accord ing to late reports from the continent. It is now known that forces from India arriving at the front al tered the situation much. & i, •c- •1 v«i "i f,. jT if.W WAR NEWS London, Sept. 9.—A German official statement received by Marconi wire less from Berlin last night, says: "The Austrian general staff reports that the Russian bombardment of the earthworks around Lemberg on Sept. was directed against unoccupied and undefended positions, the Austrians having previously withdrawn in order o spare the bombardment of an open sown. "The army commanded by General Dankl was recently engaged in heavy fighting. The Russians brought up by rail large reinforcements, and a severe attack followed, but the troops com manded by Field Marshal Kestranek repulsed this attack, inflicting heavy loss on the Riussiana and taking 600 prisoners. "Elsewhere along the front there is comparative quiet. San Francisco, Sept. 9.—The officers of the union steamship company here reported yesterday that their triple screw liner Niagara is safe in Sydney, after the fastest passage from Van Couver ever made. Cable dispatches yesterday from Honolulu carried a rumor there that the Niagara might have been overhaul ed by the German cruiser Nurnberg. London, Sept. 9.—The British official press bureau issued the following an nouncement last night: "The general position continues sat isfactory. The allies are gaining ground on their left all along the line of the Ourcq and Petit Moria rivers. The British have driven the enemy back ten milee." Paris, Sept. 9.—Accounts of wounded soldiers who reached Paris late yes terday afternoon Indicate that the re sult of the three days' fighting in the Champaigne country has been more favorable to the allies than at first supposed. They say the German losses in killed were enormous and that a groat number of prisoners were taken. One French officer estimates the pris oners at 30,000. The Champaign® district includes parts of the departments of Marne, Ardennes, Aube and Haute-Marne. Bordeaux. Sept. 9.—Refugees from Belgium and northern France are flocking to the southwest of France. The populations of many cities in that section have been almost doubled. The population of Poitiers, ordinarily 42, 00, is now 75,000. All the newcomers have been provided for by the author ities or by individuals. Rome, Sept. 9.—Dispatches received here from Trieste say that mourning there is general on account of the losses suffered by the 97 th and 27th Austrian infantry regiments composed Of Italians from the Istria peninsula. The regiments lost 4,000 men la Qall cia. London, Sept. 9.—That the Indian forces of the British army are taking an active part in the operations in France is indicated by the casualty lists. Among the names of the wound ed made public is of Capt. F. W. Hunt, 19th lancers (Fane's horse, Indian irmy). London, Sept 9. German fishing boats decked with Belgian colors, ac cording to a Reuter dispatch from Ostend, have been sowing mines near the Sandetti lightship. In consequence of this the mail boat was unable to leave this morning. Persons arriving in Ostend report having seen German scouts near Bruges. Paris, Sept. 9.—The following official communication, bearing on the fighting now in progress to the east of the cap ital was made public late yesterday: "The left wing of the allied armies comprising certain portions of the forces now defending Paris, continues to make progress against the enemy. "The French advance reaches from the banks of the river Ourcq into the Montmirail region. (Montmirail is about 48 miles east of Paris.) "The enemy is retiring In the direc tion of the river Marne, between Meaux (20 miles east of Paris) and Sezanne *42 miles east from Meaux.) "The French and the English armies have taken numerous prisoners, in cluding a battalion of infantry and a company serving a detachment of rap id fire guns. They captured also many gun carriages. "There have been violent encounters with the enemy on the center, between Fere-Champenoise (12 miles ea«t 'of Sezanne), and Vltry-Le-Francois, the southern point of the forest of Argon n«\ (Vltry-Le-Francois is 27 miles east of Fere-Champenoise). "At no place have w® fallen back the enemy has lost ground. "The reported retiring of.the enemy near Vitry-Le-Francols has been con firmed. "On our right, a division of German troops delivered an attack on the aXTs of C'hauteau Salins-Nancv, but they were repulsed to the northward, pass ing the forest of Champenoux. "Further to the east, our troops re occupied the crest of Mandry and the peak of Fourneaux. "There has been no change in the situation in the province of Alsace.'* UUIVJSN IS -LEADING RAC Chicago, Sept. 9.—Robert C. SulJivan la reported leading the democratic race for United States senator in the Illinois primary. Lawrence Y. Sher man is leading the republicon sena torial race There is a light vote downstate owing to the farmer* being in the fields, ^.i.i..ini»rii.J...r. 4 Sue •T A J,*!' -%»I* THIS ISSUE 10 PAGES REPUBLICAN ESTABLISHED SEPT. 5, 187& Berlin in of Russian mmimmmitmmHj ww*i|li,i"m'i».ni ii\i 'tiiiiSy Dread iclvance Checked Soon PARIS, SEPT. 9.—AN OFFICIAL COMMUNICATION ISSUED THIS AFTERNOON SAYS THE SITUATION RE MAINS SATISFACTORY. THE GERMAN RIGHT IS RE TREATING BEFORE THE ENGLISH. THE FRENCH CENTER IS SLOWLY ADVANCING. THE SITUATION ON THE ALLIES' RIGHT IS UNCHANGED. THE STATE MENT SAYS: FIRST—ON THE LEFT WING, ALTHOUGH THE GERMANS HAVE BEEN REINFORCED, THE SITUATION REMAINS SATISFACTORY. THE ENEMY IS RETREAT ING BEFORE THE BRITISH ARMY. "SECOND—AT THE CENTER OUR ADVANCE IS SLOW BUT GENERAL. ON THE RIGHT WING THE ACTION OF THE ENEMY AGAINST THE GREAT CIR CLE OF NANCY, IN THE VOSGES AND IN ALSACE RE MAINS UNCHANGED." London, Sept. 9.—A dispatch to The Central News from Basel, Switzerland, via Rome, says the Germans have evacu ated upper Alsace. London, Sept. 9.—Up to early afternoon no further of ficial light had been thrown on what is probably the greatest battle of the war, being fought east of Paris from Montmi raill to Verdun and from Verdun to Nancy. Three million men are said to be engaged. A newt dis patch from Paris indicates the belief that the German offens ive against the city has been definitely checked. It is indicated that Roumania will soon throw, her 20Q,« 600 troops into conflict. A dispatch from Berlin says that the Bucharest corres pondent of The Cologne Gazette reports a strong sentiment In favor of Russia throughout Roumania. Advices from the Sague are that a state of seige has been proclaimed in a great number of towns on the coast of Holland. ^Russia is reported assuming the offensive in east Prussia. News from Berlin says that all eyes in the German capi tal are turned eastward, where the importance of adminis tering a check to the invading Russians appears to be quite •B great as the vigorous French campaign. The Russians, it It reported, have pushed their advance sixty miles southwest «f Koenigsberg. British officers arriving in Paris report that the battle east of the city is still raging furiously this afternoon. An English correspondent who reached Milan from Wienna describes Austria as bankrupt and its people in a anic. Bosnia, he says, is in open revolt. This situation i* to the failure of Austrian arms against the Russians. Washington, Sept. 10.—The British embassy here receiv ed the following dispatch from its foreign office: "The fol lowing is the official communique of the French government Sept. 8: "The Anglo-French forces have taken many prisoners, Including a battalion of infantry, a Mitrailleuse company and many caisson*." is Report eat Victory Over Austrian? RU88IA RE80LVED TO GO TO BERLIN. London. Sept. 9.—The Evening News publfthe* a dispatch from ft* Rome correspondent, who says Emperor Nicholas of Russia is reported in Rome to have made the following declaration: "I am resolved to go to Berlin itself even if it costs me my last moujik." Servians Csntimie to '-if' v v hBW Rome, Sept. 9.—Via London—A dispatch from Petrograd to Tho Messagero declares that the great battle at Rawa, in Galicia, thir fy -two miles northwest of Lemberg, is over and that the Russians have won a complete victory. The Auatrians are said to be retir- U. |rg everywhere. Among tho prisoners taken by the Russians were *5S large number of Germans, Tho Austrians have evacuated Rua elan Poland. Washington, Sept. 8.—The Russian embaeay here has issued tho following statements "On 8ept. 8 a general engagement along tho whole of the Austriah front occurred. In the center the Austrian Irmy is falling back. Near Rava Russka a stubborn battle is being fought with considerable Austrian forces. Our troops are also attack (ng a strongly fortified position at Gorodok, west of Lwow. On the left bank of the Vistula river, our advance is developing very favor able. Drive Austrian Paris, 8ept. 9.—A dispatch to the Havas agency from Nish, Ser '''V^Vfa, says the 8arvians are continuing their offensive movements against the Austrians in the direction of Vishegrad. They crossed the frontier Sept. 6 and continued to advance succesfully. Every* where the Austrians were thrown back to th© left bank of the riv- Italian Reservists Are Forbidden to Leave Country London, Sept. 9.—Telegraphing from Geneva, Switzerland, a' eprrespondent of The Central News says that information has 's '•^'Ufcached hm from Lugano, near the Italian frontier, to the effect that •II the Italians belonging to the 1882 and 1888 classes of reservists (lave been forbidden to teavo the country, '*«rJ H/'.' t'i }. f. w y* H.