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V 'hV** r- /W' |V ft .4 WlATHia Pair tonight and Friday. Not much change In temperature. FORUM ESTABLISHED NOV. 17,189L Gardner Springs J& %vJ Wichita, Kan., Oct. 15.—Stating that It has been only a shoTt time ago that a discussion of the "business of farm ing" would have been impossible, Sec. Thomas Cooper of the North Dakota Better Farming association, with headquarters in Fargo, gave a most interesting address on better farming methods before the Dry Farming con gress at its session today. Mr. Cooper's address In full la as follows: Washington, Oct. 15.—Inquiry into the preparedness of the United States for war, "offensive or defensive," by a na tional security commission, was proposed in a joint resolu tion introduced in the house by Representative Gardner, Massachusetts, who recently returned from Europe. "I have introduced this resolution to investigate the military status of the United States," said Gardner, "because I know that a public search will open the eyes of Americans to a situation which is being concealed from them. The United States is totally unprepared for a war, offensive or defensive, against a real power. In my opinion the effect of the vast sums of money spent by Carnegie in his peace propa ganda has been to blind Americans to the fact that our na tional security from a military point of view is undermined. "Nearly every army and navy officer to whom I have spoken tells me the same story of inadequate security. I have yet to speak to a single member of either the committee on naval affairs or the committee on military affairs of the house of representatives, in whose judgment I have confidence, who does not in private make the same admission. Yet all these gentlemen seem to sonsider it their duty to refrain from any public statement." Gardner then declared that he could not understand "how any intelligent student of history can fail to see that we are impotent to defend ourselves and to enforce the Mon roe doctrine by moral suasion and financial might alone." "The time has not yet come," he asserted, "when the United States can afford to allow the martial spirit of her sons to be destroyed and all of the Carnegie millions in the world will not silence those of us who believe that bullets can not be stopped with bombast, nor power vanquished with platitudes." 1 Id fr 1 etter Farming at North Dakota Won Second Place With Its Exhibit Wichita, Kan., Oct. 15/—North Dakota in competition with western states, including Kansas, won second place rn its experiment station ex hibit at the International Dry Farming exposition at Wichita, as Kan sas was in on the ground floor with very large exhibits, this award is virtually first. The exhibit was prepared by L. R. Waldron. Some North Dakota Cities As Dr. Ladd Foiled Them Rec PUkea* Cafes and Restaurants.. .76 74 80 84 Groceries 80 70 80 89 Confectioneries 90 84' 85 78 Ice Cream Factories 79 Meat Markets 82 84 83 79 Slaughterhouses .........43 48 45 49 Creameries 73 77 Bakeries ...........85 84 70 68 Average 79 88 78 77 86 85 79 The September and October issues of The North Dakota Experiment Station Pure Food Bulletin, put out under the auspices of Com, E. F. Ladd is of unusual interest. It is entitled, Some North Dakota Cities as we Find Them. In his foreword Dr. Ladd says: "In the past it has been customary to present the information with regard What Is Status of Am Caught v .- -0 Continued on Page Six. I I s. s People Are Fooled tly J? i i I I S 86 87 85 87 88 83 72 75 38 72 85 80 78 88 81 88 T4 70 88 88 83 80 82 73 70 53 31 5fr 83 70 78 74 83 70 86 50 92 75 78 7B to the result of inspections under various heads, thus, showing the scores for the groceries of the state, Panama, Oct. 15*—A serious land for the meat markets of the state, the Continued on Page Six. Citizeits in War Zone Washington, Oct. 15.—Considerable I can citizens, both native and natural- avenue South and Second street There eoRQern was 'manifested at the state ized, who were caught in belligerent they showed him the muzzle of a Fe department over the status ot Ameri- countries by the outbreak of the Eur*- votver and knocked him down. pean war and drafted for military I service because they or their fathers were born subjects of such countries This has occurred in countries with ,, rhich the United States has no nat •alization treaties and has called •Tp" th this warning, issued to foreign elements In the United States \e department against visits to 1 e at this time: .ue department of state has been "A comparatively short time ago, a discussion of the business of farming so likely to exercise would have been impossible. The farm fluence on foreign exchange. and its operation was not considered Sales of copper at a shade under re a business but a means of existence, cent low record prices were made and A family operated a farm and upon It consumption of the metal now is esti produced the necessities of life—the mated at about 60 per cent of normal, grain was used to supply the family Incidentally this condition served to with flour, the livestock supplied It call attention to the meeting tomorrow with meat, milk, butter and wool. A of the Amalgamated Copper directors. Informed that persons born in this country of Italian parents, when they return to Italy are held for military service In that country. Although such persons are born American citi zens under the laws of this country, •hey also are born Italian subjects under Italian law, thus having a duel nationality. For this reason the Itali an government claims their services for the Italian army when such per sons are found In Italy. The department also is Informed of numerous cases where Italians who have bee nnaturallzed as citizens of th« United States and have subse quently returned to Italy, have been held In that countrv for military serv ice. There Is no treaty of naturaliza tion between the United States and Italy, and under Italian law the nat uralization of an Italian Rubject as a citizen or sublect of another country does not relieve him from the liability of the performance of military service In Italy." The department has found Itself employed In protesting to the various government by the fact that the Unit ed States has adhered to the doctrine that the child born to American par ents In a foreign country is an Ameri can citizen unless he voluntarily re linquishes that citizenship. The po sition of Italy, France, and many oth er countries, is that when a citizen leaves the fatherland without having rendered military service, not only he, but his male children are subject to arrest for military duty upon their re turn to the fatherland. So far, it is said, the efforts of the state department to obtain the release of such persons have proved unavail ing although they are being continued. DAILY LETTER ON FINANCE New York, Oct. IB.—Wall street yes terday recovered In a measure from the depression caused by the recent news from abroad. The committed which supervises sales of unlisted bonds and stocks reported a dimunl tion of offerings and a better demand for the new city notes and state is sues. On the other hand, prices In the unorganized market, which trades In listed stocks, manifested a sagging tendency. A semblance of former activity la the district waa imparted by the re opening of the curb market, which dealt moderately in some of the low priced specialties. These included the shares of several industrial companies, whose business has benefitted by the war. Foreign exchange took on a more definite basis in cure of the format' organization of the $100,000,000 go: 1 pool. Rates for cables and sight draf s were fractionally higher, but the sup ply of bills on London was small, yes terday's steamer for Liverpool hav ing depleted the market, temporarily at least. Further small shipments of gold to Ottawa were anounced and the move ment to that point is expected to as sume larger proportions within the next few days, by which timo the gold pool probably will have received the 25 per cent subscription asked for. Large exports now under way are al a favorable in- Listlessness continues to be the chief feature of the steel trade, with the drift toward a lower scale of operations and weakeneding of prices. Continued indisposition of the rail roads to buy new material and enforc ed retrenchments in other quarters are among the most adverse fac tors. Almost the only development in the local money market was the new low figure of 6 per cent for mercantile paper. Until today only the highest class of these documents was accepted at that figure, but with continued ease and increased supply of cash, banka are buying more freely. There was virtually no market for time loans, due almost entirely to the lack of borrowers. lir AGAIN 8Hde results of analysis of food products, iaat night interrupted completely all etc. For the present season, for the traffic through the Panama cana'. larger towns, we have adopted a new Several ships in the canal have been 1 in Culebra cut at a late hour unable to complete their passage. HELD DP BY NEGRO YEGG Minneapolis, Minn., Oct. IB.—Elmer Hanson of Buffalo, N. D., wanted to see the things in Minneapolis that the ordinary country visitors do not get a chance to see, and two new acquaint ances accommodated him. They took him to several saloons and then to the freight yards at Third L. AND DAILY REPUBLICAN Hunt Will Not Send Washington, Oct. 15.—A telegram from Governor Hunt of Arizona last night anonunclng that no movement of the state militia to the Mexican border had been authorized and ex pressing the governor's desire to co operate in avoiding further complica tions of the situation on the border was received with much relief by President Wilson and Secretary Garri son. The message, which concluded a day of telegraphic interchanges on the sub ject, was addressed to Secretary Garri son and said: "1 appreciate your courteous tele gram and thank you for advices con veyed. Both the president and your self may feel wholly assured that I realize the gravity of the Mexican situation as an international problem, mid niy sole desire is to co-operate in avoiding further complications and at cue same time accord all possible pro tection for Arizona's citizens and prop erty. No movement of the state militia has been authorized. I Bhall communicate with you as the occasion requires, and feel sure that such ad vices as you may extend at intervals will greatly assist me in allaying ex citement over existing danger." Secretary Garrison at once replied as follows: "Your message received. Am very much gratified with the expression of your attitude. Will keep you fully in formed." During the day the secretary, at the direction of President Wilson had telegraphed Governor Hunt, pointing out the danger of divided responsibility should the state troops go to the border. It was indicated unofficially later that if the Arizona governor finally did send troops to the interna tional line, they might be called into the service of the federal government to gring all forces under one com mander. Two telegrams passed between Gov ernor Hunt and Secretary Garrison, one with reference to the situation at Nace, Ariz., and the other with respect »-tqr JDougla* Aria* 4a part «t Uw United SMea." FASGO, NORTH DAKOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 15, 1914. REPUBLICAN ESTABLISHED SEPT. 5,1878. Have Goeben and Breslau Engaged Russian Fleet London, Oct. 15.—A dispatch from Budapest via Rome Bays: "Heavy cannonading has been heard the past day off Kustendje (in Roumania on the Black sea). It is believed that the former German cruisers, Goeben and Breslau, which may now fly the Turkish flag and which yesterday undertook to escort from Tulinara (an arm of the Danube traversing the district of Dorbrudja, Roumania), several transports laden with munitions, have either attacked or been attacked by the Russian fleet." LATE BULLETINS Paris, Oct. 15.—The newspaper, France Du Nord, de clares that when the Germans were defeated at Arras they lost from 12,000 to 15,000 men, who were surrounded by the French in some marshes. Berlin, Oct. 15.—Dr. von Bethmann Hollweg, the im perial chancellor, accompanied by his suite, arrived in Brus sels at noon Wednesday, Oct. 14. Berlin, Oct. 15.—It is officially announced that a battle to the east of Wirballen, in Russian Poland, which has been raging since Oct- 4, continues favorable to the Germans. Re peated attempts of the Russians to storm the trenches are said to have resulted in heavy losses. The Russian efforts to drive out the Germans by terrific artillery fire daily so far has failed. London, Oct. 15.—A dispatch to Renters from Amster dam says: "The evacuation of Goldap, in east Prussia, by the civilian population is revealed by The Cologne Gazette's correspondent, for military reasons and precautions." Folkstone, Oct, 15.—Kenilworth, one of the last of the four steamships to leave Ostend, arrived today with 2,000 refqgeee. immmmmmmi -*m« -4. New York, Oct, 15.—Two expeditionary forces of Portu guese troops, for one of which English transports were used, sailed from Lisbon Oct. 10 for Africa. Getting Better—No Money Slringeacy C. M. Streby of Detroit, Mich., representative of the Maxwell Motor Co., and Mr. Johnson of the same company, were in the city today arranging for the display in this city of their famous mov ing picture, From Molten Steel to Automobile. Mr. Streby says that the business conditions throughout the country are getting better and that there is no reason for any spirit of pessimism, as the demand for products of the factories is increasing every day. The Maxwett com pany is deluged with orders for their car and they are anticipating a demand that their capacity will be Unable to fill. He says the al leged stringency in the money market was purely a manufactured one and was not justified by actual conditions. raer border fighting had made American citizens apprehensive. Concerning the situation at Douglas Governor Hunt telegraphed that "one soldier and a child have been struck by shots from Mexican garrison o Apua Prleta firing across the boundary is described as being deliberate on the part of the Mexican garrison." Secretary Garrison telegraphed in reply that reports from General Bliss and the commanding officer at Dou glas, Ariz., said no one had been In jured and that only stray bullets were falling on the American side of the line. Every precaution was belnp taken to guard American interests, said, and additional troops could n be utilized. The secretary warned the governor of the "grave consequences" that might follow the sending of militia to the border, and called attention to the manifest propriety of not embarrass ing the president, as to the interna tional situation. "The president again today request ed me," he added, "to emphasize in my dispatches to you the gravity of the situation, the fact that he is doing everything that properly can be done, and his earnest desire that you should abstain from complicating and em barrassing the situation." The secretary said he was In no *4?° e„^5 gerated reports" of conditions along the border were reaching the governor, adding that true acounts could be ob tained by communicating with the ary officers commanding at Naco and Douglas. Prank S. Thomas, one of General Villa's representatives here, filed a protest with the state department de claring that the Carranza forces at Naco had deliberately "backed up to the American line for the double pur pose of escaping to the United States, if occasion demands, and also to in vite attack, so that a few bullets will unavoidably fall on American soil." He charged that Carranza's forces under General Hill were part of "an attempt to provoke intervention on the Headquarters of jnperor T~ve Washington, Oct. 15.—The first reg ular session of the Sixty-third con gress which began Dec. 1, 191S, is about to be concluded. Begun as an uninterrupted continuation of the special session called by President Wilson a manth after his inaugura tion. it is the longest sitting of con gress in the history of the nation. The work, including that of the special session for tariff reform and income tax provisions, represents the legislative achievement of the first democratic congress since March 4, 1897. The chief enactments include the new currency law, anti-trust leg islation. repeal of the toll exemption provision for American coastwise ships in the Panama canal, and the provision to build a government rail road in Alaska. The congress was remarkable for the fact that in less than two years it hM t# dead THIS ISSUE IS PAGES SP1I Been "Farther Into France" London, Oct. 15.—A dispatch from Petrograd to The Messagero of Rome, says that the Austro-German army yes terday was completely defeated in the neighborhood of War saw, Russian Poland. The Austrians and Germans suffer ed enormous losses. The Russians are stated to have taken thousands of prisoners- London, Oct. 15.—The gloom which has enveloped Eng land since the fall of Antwerp has been somewhat lightened by news contained in official communications that the allies are more than holding their own in furious fighting along the Franco-Belgian border but this feeling of elation has been tempered by the Growing realization that the Russian inva sion'of Silesia, which was believed to be imminent, must be postponed indefinitely pending the outcome of the battle in Russian Poland. Russia, in the east, it seems, was compelled to follow the steps of her enemy in the west and sacrifice the fruits of her victories by sending reinforcements to another part of the long battle front. The resumption of the Austro-German offensive in Gali« eia was the outcome of Russia in sending heavy reinforce ments to the River Niemen, evidently under the impression that the German invasion of the Suwalki district was a real menace and not merely a diverting moveir«nt. The withdrawal of Russian forces from "W estern Ga'iei®, however, is regarded hero to be not as complete as first re ported, for Vienna admits that Przemysl is still invested on one side, while Petrograd reports that the garrison of this fortress has been invaded by disease and is now on the point of capitulation. Berlin, Oct. 15—The following information concerning the progress of the war was issued here at headquarters: ''German troops in Belgium are marching towards Ostend and in part in a southwesterly direction toward the French frontier. The headquarters of Emperor William have been moved farther into France. "The Russian armored cruiser Pallada, of 8,000 tons, built in 1906, has been torpedoed by a German submarine at the entrance to the Gulf of Finland. The torpedo launched by the submarine caused an explosion aboard the cruiser and the Russian vessel, with her entire crew of 600 men, went straight to the bottom. "There has been heavy fighting in France east of Sois sons and the Argonne. The French official reports about successes in the Woevre district are untrue. The Germans nowhere have lost ground. Etain (twelve miles east of Ver dun) is in German hands. French attacks against our posi tion near St. Mihile have been repulsed. "The war booty secured in Antwerp cannot be estimat ed. Twenty-six thousand Belgians and 2,000 Englishmen have been interned in Holland. In the Harbor of Antwerp we found thirty-two German steamers, the boilers of which apparently had been disabled." EIGHT WING OF ALLIES ACTIVE. Paris, Oct. 15.—The right wing of the allies is »«r be ginning to show signs of activity. According to reports reach ing Paris yesterday there was almost continuous firing of heavy artillery along the frontier. A force of Germans de livered a spirited attack on French troops in which large numbers were wounded. As night closed, this force of the enemy was driven back in the direction of Muelhausen* Lieutenant Colonel Rousset, a French military critic, in an article today, declared that the recent official communica tions are lacking in clearness and that it is impossible to find in them any indication, even an absolutely harmless one, of the present military situation. with condition arfctafl :s 5 About to Be from two foreign wars—the revolution in Mexico and the European conflict*-» and was on the verge of facing a wllr between the United States and Mex ico. Both of these situations demand ed emergency legislation, some of which may have far reaching effect upon the future course of the nation in its foreign affairs. As a rule the utmost co-operattoa between democratic leaders in con gress and President Wilson marked the session, although one notabla break occurred In the party over re peal of the tolls provision of the Pan ama canal act. This led to an align ment which placed the president and some of the party leaders on opposite sides. Among those who took issue with the chief executive were Sneak er Clark and Majority Leader Under wood. Speaker Clark's defense of hja opposition to repeal furnished one w Continued Oft '4 &4-'