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The Fargo forum and daily republican. [volume] (Fargo, N.D.) 1894-1957, October 30, 1914, Image 1

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Fair tonight and Saturday warmer
tonight. Fresh southwesterly winds.
4
Over $
Russia
Germany'
France ..
England
Austria
Various
Is
Keenly terested
of
Will Probably Involve Balkan States, Which Means Loss
of Important Source of Food Supply to Northern
Europe—Will Have Far Reaching Effect.
•Washington, Oct. 30.—Turkey's entrance into the field
of war, though not unexpected caused a sensation in official
circles here, because of the probable far reaching effect of the
action. Probably no one factor in the great European strug
gle is regarded so uncertain in quantity and quality as the
Turkish empire.
The probability that by yesterday V act of- war against
Russia, the Balkan states may be drawn into the vortex of
the great conflict, thereby cutting off a vast quantity of food
supplies which it had been expected would go to the mainte
nance of northern European countries during the war, has
brought home to officials here the realization of the very close
and intense interest of the United States in this development.
The result of Turkey's actiop, as viewed by military .ex
perts here from a purely technical viewpoint will be to greatly
embarrass Russia at the outset. Diplomatic representative*
in "Washington of the^ allied powers have believed from the
outset that as soon as Turkey had fully prepared her army^
and navy for conflict, she would cast her die for war.
Great Britain, Russia and France have through the am
bassadors made it plain to Turkey that the consequences of
her entry might be. The Anglo-French fleet, which has been
comparatively unoccupied in the Mediterranean, would bom
bard the ports of Asia Minor, and Greece probably would join
the allies against Turkey. The Balkan states may be drawn
into the general imbroglio with the prospect that Italy mighjfc
be found fighting Turkey as well.
That the conflict might extend to Egypt, Persia or Arabia^
with possibility of the Japanese fleet supporting the opera
tions of the allies, has been discussed in quarters here .friendl^
to the alii***"
Washington, Oct. 30L—Acting Secretary Lansing today*
announced the receipt of a cablegram from the American
charge 'affairs at Petrograd, saying that Odessa had, beett
bombarded and some American property destroyed.
A dispatch from Charge Wilson was a transmitted mes
sage from the American consul at Odessa, who said he would
send a fuller report later on the extent of the American prop
erty damaged. He did not say by whom the bombardment
was done, but it is presumed here that it was Turkish war
ships.
Charge Wilson's dispatch, dated "Petrograd, October 29,
7 p. m." spoke of the bombardment as having occurred "last
.night," evidently meaning Wednesday.
urning Up
(Correspondence of The Associated ifoss.)
Paris, Oct. 6.—The war bill which Europe is meeting
ttow figured up as follows:
a ji
••V*• •V"
1
Tho vast total does not include the destruction of property
irhere fighting is taking place nor the well-nigh incalculable losses
to Europe of 20,000,000 men under arms being taken from produc
tion. There are no indications in France that exhaustion has set
Jn, but it is evident that the accumulated treasure of even the rich
est country on the continent is being poured out at a rate that adds
$1200,000,000 a month to the national debt.
JNf
TOfe11,supporters of Mr. Christianson
and his candidacy against Judge
Spalding for election to the supreme
bench are resorting to tactics usually
employed ly desperate people. They
have procured the printing of a large
edition of The Rugby Gptomist, large
ly devoted to attacks upon Judge
Spalding. Attention is only called to
a few of the false and misleading
statements.
One article starts out with the state
ment that, at the dedication of the
Pierce county courthouse, in April,
1912, he attacked the initiative,
find recall. A careful
V
,000
oh the War
Show How
iudpfi Spalding Has
Decided for
orations
"5
dally
|14.00Mfi0
7,225,00*
7.000,00#
6,000,00#
4,000,000
3,000,000
a 1
The French appropriation la from official figures as announced
by M. Ribot, minister of finance the English estimate by the Lon
don Statist: the German total from "an authoritative source" in a
Geneva paper: and the other sums from various conservative esti
mates which have appeared in one place or another. The item
"various," represents the probable expense to which Servia, Bel
jfllum, and the neutral countries of Switzreland, Italy, Rumania, Tur
key, Greece, Holland and Denmark have been put.
$40,225,000
reading of hfs address, which was read
on that occasion, discloses that no
reference whatever was made to these
subjects by him. He, however, did
make this statement. "It is no less an
offense against good government to
incite by misrepresentation and
calumny the prejudiced action of the
citizens, than it is to obtain money or
property by means of false and
fraudulent representations, or to pro
cure favorable action of legislative or
Judicial bodies by intimidation or
fraud." This sentence is exactly ap-
Continued on Page Foujy
"ffc
1
War Notes
Paris, Oct. 30.-7:31 p. m.—The
^French academy has issued a note pro
testing against Germany having imput
ed to France or her aUies responsibility
for the war and also against the
""abomnate acts" committed by the
German armies.
The note says that in the name of
Jcivilization the academy denounces the
violation of Belgian neutralty and the
destruction of noble monuments of the
past. It expresses admiration for th?
armies, that are fighting against the
German-Austrian coalation and sends
"greetings to the soldiers who, animat
ed by the virtues of our ancestors, thus
demonstrate France's immortality."
E. O. S. Bulletin, London Oct. 30.—
Prince Louis of Battenberg, first. Bea
lord of the British admiralty has re
signed. His resignation is said to be
due to the campaign in some of the
newspapers against him because of his
German connections.
Washington, Oct. 30.—All ot the
German army corps on the left bank
of the Vistula river, in Polland, are in
full retreat, according to an official re
port from Petrograd made public here
last night by the Rusian embassy.
The report follows:
On Oct. 8, we overcame the resist
ance of the last troops of the enemy
endeavoring to put up a fight to the
north of the River Pilica. At the pres
ent moment all of the Austro-German
corps on the left bank of the Vistula
'iare in full retreat.
"Stryckoff, £jow and Novomiasto
are occupied by our troops, Radom is
f(.oecupied hy our cavalry, we have
captured several thousand prisoners,
guns, scores of machine guns, supply
trains and automobiles.
"In Galicla there are no changes.
"On the east Prussian front the first
German army corps supported by other
troops is for the fourth day keeping
up an attack near Bakaloijewo. The
losses of the enemy are very heavy."
Berlin, via Amsterdam and London,
Oct. 30.—The German general head
quarters yesterday morning gave out
the following report with regard to
the situation France in Belgium:
"Our attacks to the south of Nleu
ifrport are slowly gaining ground. At
"Vpres the battle is unchanged.
"To the west of Lille our troops are
making good progress. Several forti
fied positions of the enemy have been
taken. Sixteen British officers and
4'300 men, as well as four cannon, have
been captured.
"French counter attacks everywhere
have been repulsed. A French battery
stationed before the Cathedral of
'Rheims, and artillery observers posted
on the steeple of the cathedral have
been bombarded.
"In the Argonne region the enemy
was chased from several trenches and
some machine guns were captured. (gale off Whitby, on the Yorkshire
"To the southwest of Verdun severe coast. A number of bodies were wash-
London, Oct. 30.—The following dis
patch from Berlin has been received
by the Marconi Wireless Co.:
"It is reported that the Germans are
bringing heavy batteries to the
Belgian coast to enable them to con
trol the entrance to the Scheldt and to
the North sea between the sand banks
and the coast. The British ships will
be obliged therefore to pass on the
high sea.
"German airships which flew over
Warsaw dropped bombs on the railway
station on which was destroyed by
Are.
"In the fighting at Ivangorod, the
Austrians have taken 100,000 prisoners
andsnineteen machine guns."
TOR
OF N NT
Washington, Oct. 30.—George F.
Roberts of Port Dodge, Iowa, direc
tor of the mint, has resigned. It was
announced at the treasury department
that the resignation would be effect
ive when accepted by President Wil
son.
Roberts is not ready to announce
his plans today, but probably will re
turn to the banking business which he
letf in 1910 to become director of the
mint for the second time. His first
service in that office was from 1898
to «1907. He left to become president
of the Commercial National bank of
Chicago, but returned to the mint bu
reau when the Commercial bank was
Ktime.
M&Hm
1-
IJT
AND DAILY REPUBLICAN
FORUM ESTABLISHED NOV. 17,1891. FARGO, NORTH DAKOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, OCTOBER 30, 1914. REPUBLICAN ESTABLISHED SEPT. 5, 187a
,VT
Saturday..
1 1 If
fitish ilos
London,
oot.
French attacks have been repulsed, ed ashore. Fifty-eight persons are
In counter attacks our troops succeed- still clinging to the ships rigging,
ed in breaking through the French
lines to the main position of the enemy
which was occupied. The French suf
fered terrible losses.
"To the east of the Moselle all the
attempts of tha enemy have been re
pulsed."
AJMeterdam, Via London, Oct. SO.—
The Sluls correspondent of the Tehe
graaf says:
"Fighting on both banks of the
Yser continues, but it is less severe
than previously. Both sides are tak
ing a rest. The Belgians have fought
above expectations and amid the din
of the battle their cry of "Louvain"
and "Termonde" could be heard,
i "A less number of wounded are ar
riving at Bruges. Fresh troops are
continually marching to the front. A
German officer said to the correspond
ent: 'We cannot do much here, but
we must try. The bayonet charges
are terrible. Some of our men are
Finances of State
Improved UntJer
Two years ago upon entering- upon the duties of his office, Gov. L. B. Hanna made a very
careful inquiry into the conditions of the finances of our state and prepared a financial state
ment that was gotten out over his signature under date of April 2, 1913. At that time it was
shown that there was a total deficit January 1,1913, over and above the money on hand and
the possible collection of taxes that had been unpaid of $259,983.05. In addition there was a
deficit of unpaid wolf bounty claims amounting to $8,606.50, and in addition an accumulation
of $29,346.00 of glandered horse claims, making a total floating debt against the state of al
'most $300,000.
During the past twenty months this has been paid and at the date of making this state
ment there are no unpaid bills against the state of North Dakota except some wolf bounty
claims and there would not be any of them were it not for the fact that there was transferred
from the wolf bounty fund $60,000 in 1011 to the general fund, to help that fund out at that
ik.
-kf
-I
$h:
gium on
o S
London, Oct. 30.—"It it feared that Irt their desp«Mrttan the hun
gry people will attack the authorities. This would cause serious loss
of life."
So stated Capt. T. F. Lucey, representative of the American com
mission for relief in Belgium, in a telegram sent to Herbert C. Hoov
er, chairman of the commission, from Rotterdam yesterday. Captain
Lucey added that he had been told by representatives of the National
relief committee that in Brussels, oharleroi, Liege, Namur, Mons and
Dinant, 3,000,000 persons were being fed by charity and that only four
days supply of flour was on hancr. In the vicinity of Liege conditions
were more desperate than elsewhere, if possible. There the necessar
ies of life were urgently needed.
"Beans, peas and rice are acceptable," Captain Lucey** telegram
said. "But the great necessity and tha urgent appeals from all eon*
eerned are for wheat flour."
The message concluded:
"Yoi/may be convinced that any statement you have received or
have heai"d has understimated conditions in Belgium. Great danger is
threatened. To avoid it you must get flour to the people and get it at
at once."
The steamer Iris, the second ship which will take supplies to Bel-
ium for the American committee, is expected to sail from London
The vessel will carry 1,400 tons of wheat, rice and peat.
ry
War Causes
Take Upward Snoot
Chioago, 0«L 30.—Hostilities between Turkey and Russia caused a
Mnaral dash to the buying side in the wheat market. As a result prices
ofT«ned as much as 2 1-2 oants a buahel abov last night's level. May
wheat early touched $1.22.
«c.-
SO.—The Rohllla, a
British vessel of 7,000 tons, being used
as a hospital shop, was wrecked in a
gale off Whitby, on the
Lifeboats with e*tma*F res
cued two boat loads of women nurses.
The Rohilla, which carried a full
hospital equipment and a number of
surgeons, was bound from Queen's
Ferry to Belgium to bring back wound
ed from France. The gale which
caused the disaster continues.
rman Bombs Thrown Among
French Women—Many Killed
London, Oct 30.—Two German aeroplanes Wednesday dropped
two bombs at Blthune, France, according to the correspondent .of
The Daily Mail. The first failed to explode, but the second, which
fell among market women, killed nineteen of them, and injured
o y o e w o e n
Two bombs were also dropped at Dunkirk on the tame day from a
Taube machine 9,000 feot in the air. A woman and child were
killed and all the windows in the neighborhood were smashed. Ter
ror ha# spread among the women of these towns.
and "T
War Cry of the Bel
pierced through and through. We are it is a duty you can fulfill with the
standing breast deep In water, and I assistance of our allies."
merged with the Continental.
Roberts a recognized authority on
finance, has written extensively on the
subject and was consulted frequently
by officials of the democratic admin
istration when the new currency law
was being framed. He is a republican,
but it is stated at the treasury that his
resignation is entirely voluntary and
will be accepted with regret.
nde
ans
with the terrible fire of the warships
we were attacked from three sides.
Many were killed at Middlekerke and
the canal water was red with blood.
"The Germans are digging entrench
ments in the direction of Thlelt, behind
the line of Nieuport-Dixmude."
The Exchange Telegraph Amsterdam
correspondent sends the following
proclamation Issued by King Albert to
the Belgian troops:
"Our towns have been burned and
our houses destroyed and there is
mourning over the whole country. But
more terrible disasters will follow if
we do, not free the country of the in
vaders.
That is your Imperative duty, and
Bordeaux, via Paris, Oct. 80.—The
port authorities seized the steamer
Colonia on suspicion that she was a
German vessel. The Colonia arrived
at Bordeaux flying the British flag,
but when in port a few months ago,
she gave her nationality as German.,
A prize court will decide whether her!
transfer from German to British
ownership is valid.
Have
v. Hann
Port
ol support."
ssmmsm
Odessa Bombarded—
German
Situation in Flanders Regarded as Favorable—Germans
Forced to Withdraw When Belgian Army Caused
a Flood Along the Yser River.
Washington, Oct 30.—After con
ference between Acting Secretary Lan
sing of the state department and Sir
Cecil Spring-Rice, the British am
bassador, It was stated authoritatively
that Great Britain probably would re
lease the vessels carrying American
copper detained at Gibraltar.
It was learned that the Italian gov
ernment already has declared an em
bargo on the Importation of copper to
belligerent countries, but that the noti-
I cat*
Ion had not formally reached
Kngland. As soon as the fact is com
municated through official channels
the steamers destined to Italy will be
permitted to continue their voyage, ac
cording to the view of British officials
here, unless some other circumstances
develop in connection with the activi
ties of the ships ,not yet reported. It
is not known yet whether Sweden and
Greece have declared embargoes on the
exportation of copper.
London, Oct. 30.—The battle array as the result of the
entry of Turkey into the international struggle, now stretches
in an almost unbroken diagonal line across Europe, and will
probably reach from the Atlantic to the Indian ocean with
Greece, Bulgaria and Roumania expected to engage.
London, Oct. 30.—Turkey's spnsational entrance into the
arena of the conflict is the most striking incident of the past
twelve hours. It seems a fat*ful coincidence that one of the
famous German cruisers, whose taking over by Turkey led
to the first friction between the porte and Great Britain and
Eussia, should have been the instrument of hostility which
makes war between Turkey and Russia and inevitable.
Petrograd accepts the situation quietly, and disclaims
any idea of aggressive warfare against the Turks. Russia
asserts her intention merely to protect Russian interests
around the Black sea from attack.
It is interesting to note that Russian press expresses the
belief that the entry of Turkey into the field is of more in
terest to England than to Russia on account of England's
trade routes to India and other points in the Far East.
English newspapers take an eqaully philosophic view of
Turkey's action and express the belief that while the military
situation will not be greatly changed, Turkey in Europe is
doomed to extinction.
Unless Bulgaria joins the enemies of Turkey, the invasion
of European Turkey by land is impracticable, and according
to British observers, the warfare will be naval. Turkey's
navy, assisted by the former German cruisers Goeben and
Breslau, is considered here to be more formidable than her
army, which is said to be ineffeciently equipped and poorly
fed.
Greece will jump at the chance of again measuring su mvls
with her ancient enemy, and it is ft»lt in London that with th
two battleships recently purchased from the United States,
Greene will be in a position to meet Turkey's ships oil equal
terms.
London, Oct. 30.—The Russian ambassador at Constants
nople has been withdrawn, according to official announce
ment made here, in consequence of the Turkish attacks on
Russian ports, and instructions have been sent Russian con
suls in Turkey to leave the country.
Paris, Oct. 30.—The French official announcement issued
this afternoon says the German forces, which had passed the
river Yser, have been compelled to withdraw because of in
undations of the low country accomplished by the Belgian
army.
The communication follows: "On the extreme left innu
dations brought about by the Belgian army in the
valley of the river Yser have compelled the forces of the
enemy which had passed this river, to withdraw. They were
subjected to a violent cannonade by the Belgian and French
artillery during their movement of retreat.
"The Germans ejjdeavored yesterday to deliver very
violent counter attacks on the French and British army corps
which were progressing to the northeast and to the east of
Ypres. At the end of the day our troops had, notwithstand
ing, continued their forward movement in the direction as
signed them and had
so
BMllIk
THIS ISSUE 12 PAGES
V-'
lower
taken possession of various points
Paris, Oct. JIO.*^—Paris regards the situation in Flanders
as highly favorable. In official circles there prevails an air of
satisfaction surpassing the impression created by the official
communications. The second visit of President Poincare to
the battle front is regarded as a good sign, taken to presage
important developments.
The military critics regard the prolonged Oerman as
saults along the Yser as having failed and they expect the
enemy, following their custom, will make another effort else
where.
Bordeaux, Oct. 30.—It is announced officially her® that
two Turkish torpedo boat destroyers entered the port of
Odessa, on the Black sea, yesterday and sank a Russian gun
boat. They also inflicted damage on the French liner Portigal.
Great Britain May Release
Vessels Carrying U. S. Copper
Incidentally the British amba^sado*
revealed that negotiations were well
under way between Great Britain and
all the neutral countries of Europe
whereby the neutral government in
each case would act as the consignee
'4
of all products classed as conditional
contraband. The machinery of this
arrangement has not. yet been per
fected, but it is intended to place the
guarantee of each neutral government
behind shipments so as to insure
against re-exportation.
In the case of copper already en
route to Italy or Sweden or Greacc.
the British government will be guided
by the ultimate destination of each
cargo, offering to buy copper believed
to be consigned Indirectly to Krupp's
ammunition work in Germany or Aus
trian factories.
The ambassador made it plain that
the least possible friction would ensue
if shippers obtain from the consuls
of the countries to which they con
signed their cargoes a certificate say
ing the neutral governments in ques
tion would not permit re-exportation.
The principal object of. the British
ambassador's visit to Mr. Lansing was
to correct an Impression current, yes
terday that. Great Britain would pro
test against Secretary McAdoo's order
to collectors of customs asking them
Continued on Page Ten,
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