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Automobiles at brand new Maxwell Cars. ley Tells Application s In his address last night before the Tri-State Grain Growers' convention Prof. H. I* Bolley of the agricultural college told of some of the applica tions of the principles of plant disease methods in agriculture, a subject that was highly interesting to the lnrge crowd of people that were pres ent. Professor Bolley's wctarw vas illus trated with moving pictures showing •various phases of the work and mak ing the points brought out by Mr. Holle.v clear and comprehensive. Pro fessor Bolley is a pioneer in this work of taking moving pictures t# illustrate his work, as he stated taking pictures ibout a year before this method was adopted by the U. S. department of agriculture. The pictures were taken, and thrown on the screen bv Roy Corbett, of the 1 ngineering department of the agri cultural college. The address of Professor Bolley, In lull, was as follows: Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentle men: The topic as assigned to me this evening is: Some Applications of the Principles of Plant Disease to Meth ods in Agriculture. Of thft illustrations which are Kiven, u r- YHEtO TO i HPOUOH ITS MILD !.9PTHINGACT*0N OH THROAT Arti* liiiiiMriiiiiiiTrmr^^ Chickens Educational—Beneficial ur.. Having discontinued the Maxwell agency, we will sell Maxwell Cars at a big discount until we have sold out our stock of cars. These cars are equipped with the famous Gray & Davis, two unit Starting and Lighting system, which cannot be obtained on the cars that are being turned out by the Max well Company at the present time. tillage variety, etc. by ltlc .h* weu 1915 Reduced Price! u y e e e i s a a n e o y o u o s a v e i o n e y o n 63 AND 65 FIFTH ST. N. TELEPHONE 260. of Disease to ricnlture ing the year in making of moving pic tures. In order not to occupy too much time. I aim to illustrate but a few of wheat-rust, there can be no doubt but the principles of plant pathology whicti that the work of sanitation must be may be effectively applied to wheat essentially as thorough, the diagnosis and flax cropping. It Is, Indeed, diffi- Just as accurate and the work of cir cuit to define or state just what are cumventing the disease even more the chief principles of plant pathology, carefully done than in the case of and what are standard methods of smallpox, typhoid fever, scarlet fever agriculture. Thus it is well to limit or consumption in the human family, our efforts to some of the chief fei-1 "When you can understand how diffi tnres of plant disease and some of the eult this sanita ion problem is with common farm methods. If we succeed the wind, dust, flies, etc., in the human in clearing up a few of the points family, then you can understand how wherein the teaching of botany and difficult the farm problem is when plant pathology have a direct bearing dealing with diseases like flax-wilt, upon farm methods, we shall have done potato scab, wheat-rust, wheat-root all that we have set out to do. Plant pathology is a new science— off-shoot of the rather new science of botany. To understand the principles •if plant pathology, one must, in part. However, as indicated, it is clear to plant pathologists that, aside from normal conditions of plant food, at mospheric moisture, sunlight and tem perature, other conditions enter which may upset the work of the agricul turist and his expectations as to crop. The chief of these evil Influences are Infectious diseases. Hail may destroy a cro]% cows may destroy a crop, in sects may destroy a crop, but these are visitations or accidents, but when a.n infectious, parasitic disease begins to get in its work on the farm crop, ho difficulties of overcoming or con trolling the trouble seem to be quite comparable to the difficulties of over coming such diseases as typhoid In the human family. If we are to control understand the essentials of plant! had some very good methods spoiled growth and life. A pathological con-j by false ideas which must be over dition of a plant is but a physiological come, and that progress has been made condition of that plant gone wrong, I in overcoming some of these infer as it were, upset. Plant pathology, asltious diseases of farm cropg which a subject, deals with abnormal con-1 have been the cause of the failure of ditions. Our plant pathologists have! Tectious diseases. They believe that I riess—is nearly always due to the iield and quality in such crops depend presence of a parasite known as the very largely upon the available plant dandruff germ. If your hair falls out, foods in the soil, or the air and water i*be chances are ten to one that the conditions. Nevertheless, a plain sick- dandruff germ is the cause of it, and ness, due to infection, may upset all' J"ou cannot do better than to get your calculations which may be based upon druggist to make you up a bottle of conditions of soil fertility, methods of Come in and Look 'Em Over. January 15-22,1915, Fargo Doors open to public Monday morning, Jan. 18tb. Admission ......J Adults 25c—Children 15c Located on first floor of New Patrick Flats, four doors west of Orpheum Thea tre on N. P. Ave. LOOK FOR THE BIG- SIGN. rot and wheat-blight diseases which destroy or deteriorate grain. If in this talk, illustrated as It Is, we succeed in indicating to you that in cereal cropping we have, perhaps. TO STOP FALLING HAIR 1 of late striven to gain a more thorough knowledge of pathologic conditions that they may give dlrectiona as to how the farmer, gardner, fruit grower and cerealiat may overcome the diffi culties which are brought about by in- Falling hair—the forerunner the okl oz- Infectious* Di»aa«. Composee, and Vi dram Menthol Infectious Diseases. Crystals. Apply night and morning, Botany is but a study of living rubbing briskly into the scalp with the plants. If the physology of the living finger tips. This preparation, which iMant Is working correctly, weather enjoys a world-wide reputation as a conditions, soil conditions, and all else hair grower and dandruff destroyer, is of its environments are going well, it'claimed by many to restore grey hair ought to thrive, produce a good fruit- to its original oolour as well as mak age or yield, and it is yield and quality ing the hair grow, and destroying the of crop for which the grower labors, dandruff germ.—Advt. Hundre late Poultry Show of THE FARGO FORUM "AND DAILY REPUBLICAN, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 20, 1915. bald *eHa,ble formufia, consisting ®a' Rum. 2 oz. Lavona de Instructive—Interesting Marble Pudding re the dough is cooked through. low blaze under the rst fifteen minutes. chocolate to one part. Dispose the two parts in a buttered mold to give a marbled ppearance. Steam furty -five minutes. Steamed pudding1 will not he heavy If made with KC Baking Powder and cooked which did not attack corn or po ^'owly to give the pudding time to rise b©» i K Marble Pudding By Mrs. Janet McKen/ie Hi'!, FditOT of the Boston Cooking School Magazina 2 cups sifted pastry flour', level teo spoonfuls K Baking Powdery 4 tea .'•poonfnl cinnamon', tca&poonful salt yolks of 2 eggs, beaten light cvp sugar U table spoonfuls melted butter i 'cup Sift together, three times, the flow, bait- was success in growing flax on i ing powder, salt and cinnamon. To the same old land where it had died oiks add the sugar, butter and water, and years and years, and now some of t, stir into the dry ingredients. Add the whites land which has had seventeen or of the eggs. Divide the mixture into two crops of flax on it has, in the last parts and add the o Vanilla Sauce Boil S cups of sugar and irater a cup of six minutes add 2 tablespoovfuh rf butter and a teaspoonful of vanilta extract. The K Cook's Book containing this and 90 other delicious, successful, recipes sent free upon receipt of the colored certifi ite packed in 25-cent cans of K Baking Powder. Write your name and address plainly. Jaqucs Mfg. Co., Chicago. 41 iany cropping methods, and, Anally, i iat there is valid reasons for hope f. really controlling the most trouble me infections in the great crop of heat and allied cereals, these moving i cture Alms and prepared slides and ilk will not have been in vain. To do anything well one must have tith in himself, faith in his neigh bors, faith in the effectiveness of co peration of those who are concerned the matter on which he works— e must have push and initiative. To a thing means that it should be i ont at the time that it ought to be one or is ready to be done. It must •J done effectively, not only by a few eople, but in most cases, it must be one co-operatively. In this matter fighting the diseases of farm crops, am convinced there is no hope unless ic farmers, and all those whose busi i ess relations are concerned with farm i roducts are willing to co-operate— ^-operate in the production of better eed co-operate in the production of o-tter methods in preparing the seed ed co-operate in time and place in ghting weeds and diseases and in do •lg their share of the work with farm rops and farm products in a manner onducive of proper crop sanitation, i'he work of fighting crop diseases is i broader problem than merely select ing plump seed, plowing properly and putting on of farm manures. It, in most cases, involves" neighborhood, community, county, state and even na tion-wide activity done in a co-opera tive spirit for the methods of con trolling wind borne, water and soil and seed-carried crop diseases can not be largely brought about by a few scattering individual efforts. For ex ample, certain lasses of crop rotation hold very effective control over many types of crop diseases, but must be quite generally applied order to have any general or lasting effect in a cropping district. Wheat or flax fields well handled for disease control can hardly escape infection if surrounded on all sides by infected fields. Co-operation Is Needed. Individual initiative push and co ordinate, co-operative effort form the mainspring and effectiveness of pres ent day activities whether 011 the play ground. In the business world or on the farm. We illustrate* this quite well, I think, by our first picture showing the effective co-ordinate ac tion of football men in one of the sea son's games at the agricultural col lege, how the boys get together, keep moving, and get Into the push—a very good way to train for co-operative ac tion. To conquer farm difficulties, team play is the present chief need. Indeed the need of co-opcratlon is not greater in any profession. The pictures shown are mainly slides and films illustrating the types of work which have been necessary to carry on in our botanlca. and plant disease gardens in order to gain a conception as to the causes of flax sick soil and wheat-sick soil and-we use some other infectious plant dis eases to illustrate our point. One Crop Brings Disease. At one time the new land of this re gion and elsewhere in the United Ste.tes produced abundan4!? and in good quality—potatoes, flax end wheat. In the case of potatoes, planting over and over on the same old garden, peo ple came to the conclusion that pota toes soon wore out the ground, used up the potash, etc., go that they found that the yieM became poor, the tubers small, scabby and rotted early and the leaves and stems blighted. The land was said to be worn out for potatoes, though many were never able to un derstand why when potatoes got so sick that they couldn't raise a crop of potatoes that they were wearing out the ground. It was finally proved con clusively that such troubles were not inherent in fertility but rested pri marily in infection carried by the tu bers ir:lo the ground and persistent there. As soon as propert treatrrv.-nt was developed, as soon as it becan.e known what are the specific causes of the potato scab, rot and blight, the tubers were treated, vines wer- spray ed and sensible crop rotation was in troduced whereby potatoes are made to Jcllow crops which dj not carry the potato diseases. Now it is again pos sible to have nice, healtuv, sturdy vines and the large yields Irom Maine to California—healthy and sturdy crops even on poor lands. Poor soil is not a cause of disease. A4 one time there came a farmer into the northwest who was much in ttres4ed the flax crop. They tol'l him fax is a bad crop'—"very hard on mnd"—"fills the land with weeds"— "wears out fertility"—"makes it im possible to grow other kinds cf crops on the land," etc. On casual Inves tigation this seemed to be true. Sometimes one, two or three crops it would no longer raise a bit of flax, only just weeds and lots of them—so that one might easily think more fer tility was added to the ground by the weeds than there was lost through the flax. It was difficult to indorstand how as the flax got scarcer and scarcer on the land, and the weeds grew bigger and bigger, the land could grow poor er, but so the agriculturist said, so said the chemist and others. The crop, however, was studied care fully in the field, in the laboratory and in the bin, with an understanding that it, like an animal, might be diseased. This was finally proved true and fur ther that there was nothing wrong with the ground. Tho soil was only full of fungi, jplain fungi—fungi which eat or rot off the roots of the crop and Brevet the pleats from beias Able 5*4. -.- .. to draw moisture or nourishment from the soil, BO the crop wilted and di« fungi which did not attack the wee is fungi which did not hurt wheat fu toes—JU8t *. a I i i n n I* i Have a water for at least the P'ain fungi which liked It a V T*fc 1! attack the roots of the flax plar These fungous parasites attack flax by way of the seed and also way of the soil. If the soil is alrets infected, it did not need to come in the seed. If the Beed is infected does not need to be in the soil. flax plants get killed just the sai i More study and field work, pure e i ture studies, disinfection studies the laboratory, disinfection sti'dies the seed resulted in the finding of method of seed treatment so that f! could be cold, water whites of 2 eggs, beaten dry ^1o seed were property treat /J ounces melted chocolate. Breeding and raised on new land provii 8®ed selection expf ments were carried on and finally tlv or three years, produced bigger cr of flax than ever previously grew th v —flax of higher seed weight per bui el, and higher oil content and" without the addition of fertilizers manure of any sort. Farmers hi repeated the experiment over and o\ and all agree that there is such a thv u as a flax crop that will grow on most "flax tired", the most "flax si land in the country, and that fertility, as such, has nothing whatsoever to do with the trouble which they once com plained of. The more manure there 13 present in the land the better, provided there is no disease. However, it makes no difference how much fertilizer i» present if the diseases are present, or dinary flax does not grow there. Re sistant flax may be procured, has been found, and therein lies the hope. It has been procured, and the North Da kota Agricultural college and experi ment station, by the aid of a wise legislature, has established- a method of retaining the identity of the flax so that those who wish to know where? do so and not be deceived. A system of sealing and certifying, authorized by the state, whereby the grower of the flax or any other kind of seed can seal it himself, or whereby the state authorizes the state pure sesd laboratory experts to do the sealing for the man, who is not yet able or ready to do the work himself. The identity of such sealed seed is thus assured and it can beshipped to any number of seed houses or pass through any number of hands, and yet come to the final grower in shape for him to know that it is the seed with which some other men have maae a success. Thousands of acres of resistant flax have been grown during the past year, and the reports are almost uniformly favorable. The seed not only weighs heavier to the bushel but produces more bushels to the acre and more oil per bushel. This breeding and select ing which had been done on the flax crop now makes it possible for the flax crop to remain a permanent crop in any locality where the farmers wish to maintain it—a thing which has nev er before in the history of this or any other country been possible without a crop rotation so broad as to essential ly bar the usefulness of the crop. Flax Not Particularly Bad. Thus it has been proven that flax is not particularly hard on land, that it is not more wasteful of fertility than other crops, but that we need only to apply certain well known principles of plant pathology, seed selection, seed breeding, seed treatment, tillage, and crop rotation to overcome the dis eases. When a crop disease takes all, the farmers now no longer say that the land is worn out. When potato scab takes essentially all, they simply say the land is filled with disease or the seed is infected. When oat smut takes all or wheat smut takes all, they do not say the land is worn out for oats or wheat. When millet smut or corn smut takes all, they do not say the land is worn out for millet or for corn, etc.: but when wheat comes up sickly, looks yellow right from the start and the leaves blight and die early, fails to stool, and the heads grow long and pointed and half-filled at the top, when the straw gets moul dy as soon as a little bit of moisture falls on it, when the straw itself is essentially a rotten rag, and breaks over with the first wind, when it no longer produces the plump, bright yellow amber colored No. "1 hard" grains as It used to do when the land was new but produces a lot of shriv eled, white-bellied, black-pointed, pie bald, blistered and bleachcd, worthless or rejected grain, even though thg weather has been fine, lot of people have been call ing loudly that "the land is worn out for wheat", "constant crop ping has worn out the soil, has taken out the fertility and everything has gone wrong*' and "we've got to uso fertilizers" and "everybody who does not believe this unlikely truth or as cribe to it wholly, is a bad instructor and worse." Well—let's take heart Once in the southland our quarantine men used to shoot poor fellows who did not believe that yellow fever was generally carried about by men and old clothing, yet now we know that only a little mosquito is chiefly to blame, and only one kind of mosquito at that. Fungus and Insect Diseases. They say that wheat that produces long, slim pointed heads and shrivel led grains, deteriorated grains, grows on worn out land. I am heie to say that this is not necessarily true. It may be ppssible, or rather it is a fact that often the most fertile land in North Dakota and in the northwest— TtevAered Harmless by Foley's Honey sad Tar Compound. lias It Muter* Terror oi Childhood* Of noarm it scares 7011 to hear tbat load, boarse, cronpy congb. You know the little throat is all chokod up and the gasping, strang ling fight for broath. most be helped at onoe. "Ok, lot Ait Foley's Homy ssl Tar W—dirfsl thing for croup. TluuJc Heira I bid it OB bui" FOLST'S HONK? AND TA E COMPOUND spreads healing, soothing coating as it glides down the throat. It cats away and clears out tho choking mnens and healssoreneBS and tickling. No more hoarse metallic coughing, no gasp ing, strangling fight tor breath, but Deaeefol breathing and qniut rest. MB8. J. N. HILL, Homer, Ga., writes: **I find FOLEY'S HONEY AND TAK never fails 0 core onr coughs and colds, and prevents croup. 1 can not soy too much tor it." HAROLD BERG, Ma33, Mich., writes: "We give Foi.Bir'a HON ICY AND TAK to our childroa for croap and it always acts quickly." A good druggist is glad to sell FOLBT'S HONET ANI TAK COMPOKHO becaaseit is the best medicine for coughs, colds, croup, throat and lung affections that money can b«j, aaf& contain* no opiates. lo 25e» 60c, $1.00 siaafc EVERY USER 19 A FRIEND* i.n'wMtti«»»llW*'li"'lS iff1"!"5-1- 100% SEED CORN SALE I hare some good Minnesota No. lS^SeedCfcrnfor sale This Corn was ripe the 25th of August and it took prizes at the Clay County Fair at Barnesville, Nov. 23, 1914. It can Price $3.00 per By way of caution I wish. to. s'iy that the disease problems as affecting wheat and cereals as regard the root and' seed invading fungi, seem to be a much more complex probleii: than that offered either in potatoes or flax. Results in seed treatment seem equally marked and beneficial, but the breeding for resistance feature seems more diffifflcult of attainment. Splen did possible results have been indicat ed by our experiments and through cooperative trials given by the farm ers who have been aiding in the work, but I do not believe the results as yet attained entirely warrant the prttise first irnze VfnorhfiaiiL be had either on the cob or shelled with tips and butts removed before shelling. This corn tested 100 per cent geminations Free on board cars at Glyndon, Moorhead or Fargo. Samples can be seen at Eargo Lupleraeat Co., /this week. L. THORTVEDT, Glyndon, Minn. in fact, throughout the United Spates, produces wheat of rejected grade now when It did not previously do so, and such types of grain are often produced even on new land which have never before be?n worked. We now have the proof that the trouble w»th the soil and with the seed is ex actly analogous with that of tho con dition of potato culture when the seed tubers were diseased with rot ana scan and blight, and with flax when it was diseased with wilt rust and canker and the soil filled with wilt and root destroying flax diseases. Constant cropping to wheat introduces, by way of the straw and the seed, many of the fungous and insect diseases to which the wheat crop is heir. They remain there and prey upon the roots of the following wheat croy until the soil and seed shall again be freed of them. The disease question has notli ing whatsoever to do with the ques tion of fertility. It matters not whe ther it is poor land or rich land. The diseases will largely destroy the crop and will do it in direct proportion to weather and other environmental con ditions. If our farmers can srasp this idea and can cooperatively handle the wheat problem, the oat problem, the* barley problem, the cereal problem, In exactly the same manner as they now know they have to handle the potato problem and the flax problem, this question of "wornout wheat soil" will disappear and the difficulties which now come from using barnyard man ures and certain kinds of fertilizers will also disappear. Fertilizer Doesn't Overcome Disease. Fertilizers, barn yard manures, till age, drainage, crop rotation, etc.. do affect or change the character of the wheat plant, sometimes for the better, sometimes for the worse. If no diseases are present, a normal crop for the land will-be produced under normal conditions. If the diseases are present, the root disease, so that the roots are rotted or blighted off as in the case of flax, the grain will be shrivelled regardless of jiow much fertility there is there or how well the land is work ed. If proper seed selection I13 follow ed and proper seed breeding and se lection of varieties is practiced and proper crop rotation is persistently and consistently followed so that the intervening crops shall be those which do not carry the disease to which wheat is heir and due care is exercis ed in harvesting and storing the seed to avoid propagating the disease in and on the seed and if farmers will avoid scattering the disease by way of strawy manures which bear the dis eases, or will properly compost such manures before using them on land whic is to grow a crop that will bear the same kind of diseases or will so spread such manures that Lhe dis-. eases have a chance to die out before the crop which bears them comes on the land again, then our difficulty with worn out wheat lands will immedi ately disappear and vre will be able to use all the manure and grow all the different kinds of crops we may wish on the land. OJd (*jbl State Fair and National Dairy Show 1913. given by some of the more enthusias tic growers. Yet there Is no reason for discouragement and much room for hope. In this connection, I cite some interesting drawbacks or side lights: In the work of breeding for disease resistance in wheat, we may not ex pect to reach as conclusive results as in the case of flax. There setm to be many more diseases wnich are acting at the same time upon the same seed or plant. The crop is very inucs more generally distrtbuted. The crop is harvested, threshed and cared for from the point of seed production even more carelessly than in the case of flax. The soil, because of the more general cropping, is more generally Infected everywhere by infectious diseases, and as the bran layers soften up somewhat more easilv, the wheat diseases are piore generally In ternal in the seed. Sometimes two, three or four of the infected diseases are internal under the same bran lay ers. Thus the problem of breeding for resistance, except in the general me thod of the survA'al of the fittest year after year on the same soil with bulk and individual selections is much more difficult. Yet we think the work Is possible of success and, as in the case of flax, as soon as we received a cer tain amount of encouragement along this line, we distributed a number of our samples. A portion of the farm ers have handled those about as suc cessfully as they did the flax and others have lost the samples in much the same way as they did in the f\j*st work with the flax. However, there are some samples of durum type which we have distributed which ap pear to have made quite a reputation for themselves, at least in the matter of comparative yields. It is now the fourth year since the first samples were distributed and Continued on Page Eleven. stops itching m-ji :V"i WW FOR The moment that Reatno! Ointment' touches itching skin the itching stop# and healing begins. That is why doc tors have prescribed it successfully for twenty years in even the severest cases of eczema, ringworm, rashes, and many other tormenting, disfiguring skin di-' seases. Aided by warm baths with Resinol Soap, Resinol Ointment makes the skin or scalp perfectly healthy, Siem uickly, easily and at little cost. Tiy and see I Sold by all druggists* ARMERS! ATTENTION! If you have been thinking of buying a Holstein 1 ull be sure to take a trip to the E. C. SCHROEDER iarm while at the Convention. This is the home of THREE WORLD RECORD cows and of the 1914 CHAMPION HOLBTEESi SHOW HERD of the UNITED STATES. We have several good bulls for sale from two weeks to 18 months old. All out of record dams and prize winning sires. Farm located at WATTS, 5 miles east of Moor head, on the N. P. local train service. Take the train out or call us up and we will get vm+ E.C. PHONE 2302- J. at tiie Minnesota SiiiiK r-SJ A Minn.