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Bismarck daily tribune. [volume] (Bismarck, Dakota [N.D.]) 1881-1916, January 10, 1901, Image 3

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Acting-Governof Devine's Message.
To (bhje" Legislative
-Gentlemen: ,In accordance with. constitutional requirements here­
with eulxmlt my second biennial message, as executive of the state, with
such recommendations as experienceand. judgment -have suggested as
beneficial to the toast interests and future advancement of tihe common­
In admJfii£t©f3tf£fthe aff&lfs off'th&peoiiito'M a gbrei'Miiient sudh aie
those chosen tor IChat purpose are- but tihe instruments ,to ascertain, and.
then carry out, the will of the people. This should be dome with diligence
and fidelity. The faithful servant merits and receives tihe approval of a
sovereign people, and enjoys the satisfaction of a mtad which cornea
from, the knowledge of a dUtywell performed In the discharge of weighty
responsibilities. That the members of this legislature are impressed with
thBgraveresponMbilitiesrestinguipon'themaiidwithtihe importance of
tihe varied Interests of thiscommonwealth, Which are tor a time commiitted
t» their care. I believeto be true that you are determined to discharge
your duties faithfully and fearlessly for the beet interests of tihe whole state
amdth© welfare off all the people! doubt not in the least. You will doubtless
be called upoato solve many difficulties amd perplexing problems of grave
interest to the state andlfeel sure you willigive to each important sub­
ject, as It is broughit before y*x, that mature deliberation, and wis©
consideration -vyhichshould characterize aH legislation affecting the welfare
of a great state. As a nation we confidently assert that our people are
among the nuost enllglitened aiid pK^reBgdve on the face of the earth
padyou have ithehonorto TepreBentthepeople of a state-haivlngtfhe
smallest per centof llliteracyofany state dm the union, and who are
the peer off any people in thle land, in patriotism, intelligence, integrity
and love of equalit^ in truth, and justice in the affairs of mankind.
lifrfitSt*.'MS 1 W
"The condition of tihe state treasury is one easily comprehended. The,
actual and necessary disbursements are in excess of receipts, or. In other
words., the growth of the state along all lines is such, that what it needs
and must faave to carry on normal demands, is greater than the in­
come derived.
One off the most important profblemSyou will have ibeforeyou during
this session antd one requiring the exercise off the most careful study, wOl
be tihe ways and means employed to miedt the needs of the state and at
the same time keep solvent the state treasury. I would suggest, however,
that the outstanding Indeblfcednete and prospective receipts should Indicate
the limitations within which appropiilaftioBis cam be made.
RECEIPTS FOR 1899-1900.
Received from taxes, fees, commissions etc $ 1,128,380.15
Funding warrants (unpaid) 4^ "/^....... 80,000.00
Current vouchers 1899-1900.......
Overdrafts on general fund and
counts on hand Jan. 1, 1899.
•Cash On hand In general fund...
Funding warrants unpaid..... ...
Unpaid 'bills on hand Jan. 1901. Close
estimate ...
Available cash, cm
Deficiency, Jan. 1,
$ 1,059,385.54
old ac
•Of the $38,249.61 on hand in general fund
banks in receivers hands.
Deficiency,r Jan.
Defi&emcy, Jan.
1, 1901 $
1, 1899.^
Net Increase im deficiency. .. $ 113,005.39
For a proper understanding of the financial management off our public
Institutions, it is absolutely necessary that a. systematic and uniform
method of keeping accounts should be estaiblishjed, particularly so with
instltiBtions of a like •ciharafcter, such as our Insane asylum, state prisons,
In the One class, and all eudcattonal institutions in the other. The ir­
regularity at present existing in this directixxn leads to confusion, and
charge whidi is rightly understood
After a careful and patient examination of 'the law I dm unable to see
where it fails to provide for an honest, impaatlail assessment. The fault
seeimB to be, rather, in the administotion cff the law than in the law
Itself. If the proper officer complied sftrtctly with every provision off the law
relating to asaesgnment and taxation there would be little asmse for com­
plaint. More severe penalties might be attached for the violation of the
law, hot that repiedy would hardly accompliMi the desired results for when
an assessor makes 'his returns, with property assessed at from ten to
t#einity-flve per cent oif ita real value. amd sweare that he has, to the
best of hls judgment, given the ttue value, he knows and everybody else
knowB "that he makes a statement far from the tnrth but how cail1 you
prove that he has not used his beet judgment in deciding values?
'"Whlat then is the remedy?" In, the first pHace, it is impossible to get
equal, just valuation off property under our present system. When you
divide up this assesament off property among a large number off men, you
torarease, in the same .jxroportlon, the diffleultiee in getting a uniform
valuation. It would be a gnsat step in -thie iighit direction if there were
but-one assessor in each county, and he should he appodrnted for a term
off Cour ypars by the. judig^ of the district court in which that-county is
located, the appointment to be approved by the county commissioners,
who should also decide the number off deputies that he should havd, and
should also 'approve his "selections. By having the appointment off the
aasemor made by the judge,, and foe period off four yearn, he is- removed
from temptation tq favor parties for their poiLttcail influence and he would
be dSar more independent in Ws attempts to discover property that is
withheld, from assessment
'Today'we have quite an army of assaHKxng, largely m«ai of little practical
experience, elected for one year and dependent for their re-election upon
the men whose property they are valuing. In view off this condition I
would suggest, lutf a change in the fextoting fyw, but a change in the
The dessrtment, .in so far aa its records pertaining to the character of
land under, its control are concerned, is absolutely in the dark, as there is
no reliable information o& file cfaowing the ctearawter off soil: "whether
Jamd is meadow, grazing or agricultural tend.' In 1890, -when the state
secured control off sections sixteen and thirty-six, an aippraiaement was
i&ade of all lauds in the These lauds were supposed to have been
^ereonaJly inspected by file boards otf appraisers in'the diffeimt owintigwj
buffrom a careful perusal «uoh appraisements it can readily he seen
twt the majority of such apj^sieementa ware made without an inspection
off the land. For Instance, in Ward, county the appraisers' returns tfhow
all lands to that county, in 1890, appraised ait ten dollars per aicm Ap
IW«iaeme»te of lands have been made in the Red River valley counties in
1890-^2-'98, m& in Ca«r, Rtohiaad and a portion of Barp.ee coiimty in !898.
In order to arrive at anything like s. fteir rental, all loads te,,t4^.j^atai
is represented In
$ 80,000.00
$ 232,000.00
$ 232,000.00
It is gratifyingto note the marked improvement in the biennial reports
of the several state officers and boards off trustees, off the various Insti­
tutions, as compared -with those of past years. Condensation and not ex­
pansion 1b now the rule. The result will not only be successful financially
but it will cause the reports to be sought after and read. Many off them
are replete with valuable information touching the varied interests off
the state.
So many have performed thieir work well that it would be invidious to
make comparison'. These reports will be placed upon your desks and.!
trust you Will take the time to familiarize yourselves with them.
the institution making it does not,
in tnany^ Instances, agppear so plainly,'to those whose duty it Is to pass
upon it The bank examinef «nd the auditing boaird of the state Should
be empowered by statute to enforce-such action and caiuse every state in
sUtutlon to conduct its monetary transactixms om a uniform basis.
j^Thei-e is an almost universal expression, of 'dissatisfaction with opr
present mode of assessing property for taxation. That it is unequal, and
consequently unjust, no one familiar with it would for a moment deny.
It is probably one off thd most difficult matters to provide for In all the
field off legislation. Our theory off taxation Is that property should pay
the tax, and 4ba «mly. i^:!r(tt9"t&\~lolk^ -lUi5 pittpiMrty pb its
actual cash value wi&out regard to its character or the use to wihidh it is
applied. To a certain extent, however, the revenue derived from property
ou^ht to be taken as a basis upon Which, to compute its value. If every1
piece of property in the state were assessed at its actual cash, value there
would be absolute equality in the payment of taxes, The ineqoiality arises
not from the fact that the propeaty of the gtate ls assessed -too low but
because it is assesaed unequally. Wh^re one ipleoe of property is as
eeased at" ten per cent off what it is really worth, and' another piece is
its full value and other property- is not assessed at all, great
injustice is done to some of the taxpayers and yet that is the Actual
condition off things Sat the state today. Tthousands off dollars worth of
propeKty escapes taxation entirely as a result off dignoranoe, inefficiency or
wilful dishonesty on the part of the assessors.
should be appraised at least every three years.. The cost of owe appraise
inent in Oam county, in 1898, was two hundred and forty-one dollars
(241), only two memibeta of. the board acting in Richland county two
hundredfand £orty-®even doGars ($247.) There has never been any, ap­
praisement of institution lands except such as has been by. the
county board of appraisers, without going outside otf the county auditor's
office that is, no personal inspection of the land has ever been made
These appitaleements do not,dhow the character of the soil, whether the
land is best adapted for agriculture,. gilaztog or meadow. Our state is
young and the miniimum price at which lands can be sold being ten dollar*
($10) per acre, in order to secure any income from its vast holdings, in
the middle an'd westetrai part Off the state, a full and complete ^record
should^ b© obtained aa to the vajue of theee lands for agrlcultuWigiaztog
and meadow purposes. At the present time our rentals are all baaed
upon a valuation which was not made with any view to leasing off the
lands, but tor thei purpose off sale. As an {illustration: in the western part
off the state a quarter section level and fit for a^riouiltural purposes,
will be appraised, double the amount thlat a quarter sedtion valuable for
hay is appraised. This is wrong as there is no pro^sion for breaklng
larwl and that apipraised highest is only fit for grazing where the, quarter
appraised towOst may yield from .firty to one hundred and fifty tons of
hay each year, and it will only be a «hort time before hay land in the
•western part of the start® will be the most valuable land. If the dtate Is
to receive an adequate rental it |s necessary that the department have a
detailed record off each quarter section. This object can not be accom­
plished by any method in. a short time. It will take years to obtain
this information, but when obtained it would'be off inestimable value to
the state and would result in largely increased rentals. Lands are
leased foa 6ne per cehit (1 per cent) off their appraised vaule for grazing
and hay puaposes and five per cent (5 per cent) for agricultural pur
popes. Many acres have come to the attention of the oosmmiasioner where
the state reoeivfe. pefrhape, eight dollars ($8) a year iOr a quarter, which
has from twenty (20) to thirty (30) acres off breaking thereon and which
is cropped each year hy the lessee, 'lais is eepeciaHy true Of lands which
have been seleoted b^ the state in satisfaction of grants. Many quarters
have been selected by the state, which had been filed ou by settlers, a
few acres broken and the daiims abandoned.
Under our present law there is no way of obtaining information aslb
breaking oh. lands exK»pt th«ugh the board off appraisal off each county.
It would, therefore* be necessary to order an appraisement of certain lands
and this would result in sending out three men, to Inspect the land, at
an expense off three dollars. ($3) a day each and their necessary traveling
expenses so that it can be readily se^ that there is no practical way off
obtaining informatdan, which is very esisenitial in plying a proper rental
value upon this class of lands.
From time to time numerous cases of trespass come to the notice of
the department, and espedally .has this been true during the past season.
About the only way in which, trespass upon ^school lands comes to the
notioe off the department is through the enmity of neighbors, and, as the
law now exists, the matter is laid beifore the attorney general and, if
he deems it meritorious/ the case is sent to: the state's attorney off the
county in which the land is situated upon which treispass been com­
mitted, for prosecution. I ibelieve that the law should 'be such that, when
a person has been found guilty off trespass upon school lands, the com­
missioner, or agent off the /department, should have the power, and it
should be his duty, to swear out a complaint against the offender and
make it the duty of the sbate's attorney to prosecute, upon request of
the commissioner.
This state has nearly three millions (3,000,000) acres off land and only
one hundred and thirty thousand (130,000) acres of it has been sold and
•fit is my opinion that sueh legislation should be passed as will tend
to increase the income off our lands, and thus decrease taxation for school
purposes. To this end I would recommend 'thlat there bev attached to
this department an officer whose duty it shall be, under the provision
of the oomimiissionier, to Inquire into the character of all lands under
the control of the deportment appraise lands for rental purposes look
after collections off interest and payments on contracts, rentals on
term leases prosecute, cases off tr^pass, and generally to take charge
of all matters -whijdi requflre personal attention outside' off the office.
If such legislation as is suggested in^^ the forgoing Should be passed it
would mean at least an ihcrease of fifty per cent (50 per cent) in rentals,
or a sum not far ffrom eight thoui^d dollars ($8,000 per y^r.
I (feel warranted in saying that this institution has never been more
acceptably maxiaged tban during the laat four years, am.d much credit is
due the management of this institution In the effort made tci subserve
the interests off pie state.
The ImprovemenrtB made at this institution during the past two years,
and they are extensive, admirably in«it the requirements for which they
were intended. v:: :,
The question of labor is always a difficult one at h®tttutiOns of this
kind, and for the reason that it is seldom, if ever, advisable td employ
convict labor as against outside competition. So far, however, as this
question is concerned it has been happily settled and ffr all by the
introduction of the twine plant, which will give ste^y employment to
the inirnates off the institution without competition from- outside labor.
I have great faith in the possibilities off the twine plant, and for
the reason that it gives employment to the inmates «wi hence is
humanitarian, and, ait the same time, a good business investment on the
part off the state.
The warden has $ux%eeded in putting in a plant which is first class in
every particular and that has, and will ..continue, to produce a quality of
twine that is the equal off the very beet made .in the country. That it
will save many dollars to the individual 'purchaser and thousands in the
aggregate to the farmers of the state I have not the slightest doubt With
a wise management off its poesibilitAes and a ready sale of its. ofetput
I believe this institution can be made nearly, if not wholly, self-support­
ing within the nest five years. The benefit to those incarcerated, and in
the steady employment it will give is of the highest possible reformative
... value and this itself is of"sufficient importance to justify the o-gp^nw
off maintaining it.
The unfortunate fact that machinery off all kinds was at a high figure
at the time the plant wafe erected, coupled with the equally unfortunate
fact, that there was a practical failure otf crops in the state the' first year
of its operation and, by reason off this, no demand for the twine, does
not in the slightest degree lessen the value of the plant as a money saving
investment, nor the wisdom of the legislature in establishing it
I,therefore urge its continuanoe and suggest that an appropriation he
to enable the plant to operate at its full capacity, of about
ten thousand (10,000) pounds per day. Such action on your part 'will
give employment to sixty or seventy men otherwise unemployed and start
this institution In the direction that will enable it to become self-sup­
porting instead off a, drain upon the financial resources Off the state.
There is earnest need of ttte erection off a hospital at this institution.
To longer delay the erection off such a buMding is a menace to the health
off every person about the building, and I suggest that a sufficient appro­
priation be also maide for thie purpose.
I again desire to call your attention to the large expense incurred in
sending to other states for escaped criminals, together with that incurred
in the transportation ot patients to the asylum, and off convicts to the
During the period from July 1, 189d, to June 30, 1900, there was paid
out ffrom the general fund, to meet these expenses, as follows:
Arrest and return off fugitives 2,386.22
Transportation of patients to, the hospital for .the insane16^352! 26
Transportatioin off convicts to the penitentiary. 8 73al61
TQBOBpoi'taitlQia. to",«0orm aclyool 607*®
is my opinion that these expenses should be paid in whole, or in
pant 'by the respective counties.
In the matter off extradition, experience has demonstrated that radical
changes Should be made in this direction. Except citato crimes, Such as
murder, arson, amd offenses off like nature, the county should be
to beaf the expense and for embezzlement, collection off debts, etc./jffUri
vato individuals and corporations, the charge should be bore by the Dwty
desirting the extradition. I ?un satisfied that some such change would
save the state from eight to ten thousand dollars per year. It promotes
official economy and official efficiency for officers of tfhe law to look to their
constituency, to whom they acpe directly reaponsihle. for the compensation
off services rendered.
The hcspital tor the jnau» is the largest and most populous of the
state institutions, .fta ueects and wants cooridsoiue to Increase from year to
yedr with the natural growth of the state. During the biennial pwiod
jtfflt Passed a new ward and 3 new laundry building, both furnish^ and
fully equipped, have been constructed as per advice and ctmfieaf of the
last (legislative aaseanMy. The buUdings are substantial and their fur
ntahings are such as to meet all the requirements for whicfh they were
erected, and yeit the capacity off the inatituWoia oomtinu® inadequate for the
best results to be accomplished. On June 30,1898, «he end off the former
biennial period^ the taatstutio(a was wing for 342 patients besides its
officers and employes." This mmber increased until On June 30. 1900. the
end off 4}ie last biennial period, the number off patients was 383, or an
increase of 12 per caafc The peroeatoge off discharged to number treated
-hies been £3.8 per cfflcst, ^rhich certainly speaks volumes (for the
raanagemeiit of the medical department by Dr, D. S. Moore, tihe super!**
tettdeat and. tyis aaslsbante. The percapita. cost fta* -board, clothing, at­
tendance, etc., for "file MmrUat period ending: June 30, 1888, was $173.70,
while the per capita cost for the biennial period ending June SO, 190ft,
was $154.39. This result was aceo®Mtefeed w«thowt inctovH»deace
pettewte and without mawing the well kK8«wn efficiency of the institution,
am desaootrtr^iee a »«»t ecoaomical conduct affaj^s. Having 4em
$ 28,071.40
fully advised in the premises'2'do wot
honorable body my high regard and general
which this instituMou has -been oondiucfced ar
this unfortunate class off our fellow citizens h&ve been caood las' and in.
oansideriag the future retruiremenits and needs of the tKwpl^l for tine is^''
sane much valuable information can be ohtained frOui tihd
tioos off its trustees and officers.
The mopt powerful lever off progress is educatixxD^' ^lf It te true as
hold it to be, that ignorance, poverty and crime are intimately related,
it is the duty of every state to educate.
In a republic where every man is an elector and every elector is a
sovereign, having in the election off (his legislators and his rulers equal
voice with the -best, the wealthiest and the wisest, illiteracy amd ignor­
ance of the masses becomes a national calamity. A republic surcivflr
war, famine amd pestilence, but it can not survive the ignorance of lt&
The demands off. our people for a high educational standard is evidence*!
by the heavy taxes voluntarily imposed upom their property tot this pur*
pose. The following statistics, taken, from State Supeaintendent Hal
land's report, will give you some idea olf the splendid growth, off our
mon schools during the past few years.
Number of children off school age.^
Number off children enrolled .'.v..
Number of sdhool houses in 1890.
Nmnber off school houses in 1900.
.*«« .« v.
a 4 iif.«
A gain of 86 per cent.
Value off school property in 1900...V $ 2J587.865.66
Total sum expended tar maintenance during the past two
The state (high school board recommends that the appropriation for
high schools be increlased fromffour thousand doilarB ($4,000) to eig^it
thousand dollars ($8,000).
The high school law, enacted by the last sesBion, has been, in all ways,
a most beneficial measure. Under Its praviscms thirty-one (31) schools
are now ekusedfied as high schools, with ten (10) more seating classificar
By reaison of the limited appropriaition the board has been unable to
meet the demands for aid. Justice to tihe different communities ip. the
state demands that the appropriation be increased. ^,
The work in this particular field has increased to such, an extent'
the .ntembers of the board find It impossible to attend to the examination
and- inspection, and they recommend that they be empowered to employ
am inspector to visit schools fund read the examination, papesis.
"With the appropriation, as requested, secured I have no doubt that
within the next two years the state will have not less than fifty off
the high school grade.
The increase from four thousand dollars ($4,000) to pigM thousand
dollars ($8,000) is but a slight one and the value off the work to" be ac
complMied wholly justifies the increase of the appropriation requested. s
All the departments of the university are. in the most thriving condl
tion, as the president's report shows, and the splendid work accomplished
by this most valuable of all our state educational institutions is being
recognized and appreciated by the people.
There^is a pressing need in this institution, for the erection off a young
ladies' dormitory, a science hall and a library haflL With the erection off
these three buildings the needs of the university, in: this respect, will
be met for many years to coma
The next ten years will show a very large growth in the attendance at 1T
the university and the appeal, from almost every department off the uni
versity, for more room-and greater facilities is emphatic and urgent.
The reports of the two normal sdhnols stow Ithe excellent condition, which
they are in, and the statistics exhibited prove theitr utility. Every year
increasas theBr standard off proficiency, which, is manifested by the su
periority of the teachers of our public schools, who hiave grafhwtfffd from
The financial management of these schools, through their boairds oC
trustees, merits approval and theiir economic administration entitles them
to praise. ..
The school for the deaf and tlumb continues to do excelleait work randar
the efficienet management of Supt IX F. Bangs. I have pexsqnally nGAed^
With pleasure, the great improvements made in the iyuffiding and equip
ment during the pastMenmial period and aim satisfied that the money,
appropriated for bettering the condition, of the institution, has been judi­
ciously and wisely expended. Excellent work is cesttai^ly being done for
the deaf of -the state ahd a high standard of soholarship is being main­
tained at this institution There is evident need off: more extended 1m-.
provements, ehieff off which area separate boiler house, better water supply,
and a separate building for the teaching off trades. Space will not penult
me to dwell at length upon these needs further than to recommend them
to your consideration and recommend thlat they be provided for in some
way, if possible. The call for more extended instruction for these deaf
children, along practical mechanical lines, is especially urgent and there
certainly ought to be a wtay provided tor equipping the pupils off *ihin in­
stitution with a trade, whereby they may be self-supporting On leaving
school. No class off young people stands more in need off it than do the
deaf, and without it no education given them is the complete fttm-atinn
that they are justly entitled to receive ait the hands of the state.
This institution has been a success frofa. the start The rapoitt shows
an enrolment of one hundred and sixty (160) students during the year.
It is the youngest educational institution in the state and the very marked
degree ^of success which it has attained, and in so short a period, is an
evidence off the Wisdom of its erection and operation.
The knowledge Obtained here is directly eppl&aalble to the every day"4
conditions of Me. The course of study is sufficiently extensive for all
practical purposes, in addition to which there is given a thorough course
of industrial training for the student of both sexes, the value off which
can not be over estimated.
I have great flaith in the future of this institution, both as to its rapid
growth as to attendance, and as to its value as an educational force Sn
the state.
The needs of this institution are fully set out in the report off the board,
and I trust you will give it that consideration which it very much de­
serves and should have.
The college off agriculture is doing a most valuable work, which is set'
out in the report off President Worst, which I would most earnestly
recommend to your consideration.
The excellent growth in attendance at this institution, ».wt the
that it appeals directly to the thousands off boys and. girfs now growing
up on the farm, gives to this institution a popularity not easily
by that of any other educational institution in the state.
The system of farmers' institutes, 'held in different parts Off the State*
where papers are read and the latest and best methods tor'the practical
cultivationi of the soil are discussed, can not he too highly recommended.
Already the beneficial results of these meetings Mm be seen everywhere
throughout the state, in the more intelligent cultivation of the «rn anil
the general tendency to diversified farming. These meetings, should, in
every way possible, be encouraged and by such legislation as will enlarge
their scope and usefulness.
North Dakota is pre-eminently adapted to' agricultural pursuits, and
the true source off her wealth lies in her healthy climate and. the capacity
off her/soil to produce those staples most necessary for sustenance off
mankind. The mines of CBMfarnj&a and Colorado do snot prmimirrr the
possibilities in their output as the prairie-mines of North Dakota, which
have the additional advantage over the former that, with, proper care,
they will never become exhausted. We should stiive to understand the
character and capacity of the soil and engage in that kind of *n.wnfr»s
Which is best adapted to the production Off the greatest wealth. It would
be much more to our advantage if we shipped less .grain and more stock
and devoted more time to the constderation of ttte dairy and kindred
subjects. *r/7":v
^mit^' »nxMictioiL I wish to submit to yew a stateanent off the growISi off
this ^aite along agricuitumal Hues and which, tells, in language mora eiio
quent than words, the story Off the state's remarkable prognaas durtng
the past ten years, and which, I feel quite sum, will
else could, to enlarge the confidence of the people in the t&bOTQ
off this young state off ours.
Total number off acres in farms, in 1900. .V*..".' 11,287,758
Estimated value off suae $138,000,000
Total number off acres under cultivation in, 1890.... gjoflOjOflfr
Total number of acres under cultivation, in 1900. ^B*^
Total number off horses and mules in 1S90
Totial nuanher of horses and mules in 1900...\..,4
Totafl nofiober «E catUe In. 1890
Total number of cettie in 1900..L
Total aumber off
Total number
Assessed valuitftoa off property in
Assessed valuations off property in. 1900,
Total sirtimated vahts ^eansa^s in 1890,.. ih,4$&Mb
ettlmaited vnjap rf cereabt la 1900 ^w.. Jp§ 87366,7^
IQstlaMted valu« ni Stoeaee, mides, cattle attd wfaaep In t890j$g. Vfii9eo^S&'
EKtimated value of horses, mules, cattle and sheep In 1800ifS 3e,449.SS4
as nothl®«

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