SLATTERY, GUM & CO.
Wholesale and Betail
Corner Third and Broadway.
ij National Bank
ESTABLISHED IN 1879.
C. B. LITTLK, Pres.
P, D. Kbndeiok, Vice Pres.
8/M. Pye, Cashier.
J. L. Bell, Asst. Cash.
i'I i.Mii,.. •, •.. .i.
Interest Paid on
General Banking Bnainesa Tnuuaoted
Thwbept'wayio reach Eastern
ana Southern cities is via.
via Burlington Route trains.,
Leaving Minneapolis on the
"Scenic Express in the morn^'^
ing. there is a 900 mile ridef^
along the Missbeippi, reach
.ing Chicago 9:35 p. m. LeavyC:
ing in the evening on the
Limited, you have the finest,.
Electrio Lighted ttain in the
world, reaching,. Chicago 9:2EjL-,
next morning, ft*
ASK YOUR HOME AGENT
FOR TICKETS VIA THE
Duck Coats and
1' I I i. I S W
a full line of' these goods at
most -durable rough garment for outdoor
warm riding, driving or walking. Now
Also showing a handsome line of
Some Real Bargains in Heavy Winter Suits.
Dress Overcoats & Ulsters
.These goods were personally selected to suit the
fall and winter Trade. Makes and cloth guaranteed.
None better. When in town, step in and buy your
Durable goods, up-to-date styles, and nobby patterns. Any change you
want-little alterations that the well dressed man wants-made while you wait
.For Caps, Gloves, Mittens and Underwear.
i^Our aim is to please you, so that you will come again.
One. Night Only.
Saturday, Nov. 2d.
BIG SCENIC SENSATION
The Acme of Stage Realism
The most. Powerful Melo
drama of the century.
A company of unusual merit.
Prices 75c, 50c and 25b. Seats at
Three* "Limited" Train# dally making?
connection at Chicago with aft Hastern
Cheapest rates ini2o|)tt|M9frv|nvli.
for Fotdar, containing tpaf* of
Baffato and Exposition OnwiMU? MM
£*cee«| to Mottle,
BOardlcg Hokum, Rates, etc.
J. P. fgf
A NOVEL HOTEL BILL.
The Han to Whom It
Could Not Understand It.
"Talking about bookkeeping, there
used to be a man in Yankton whose
system of bookkeeping accounts was
wonderfully efficient. He kept a hotel,
and he could neither read nor write.
He did not know how to spell his own
name, but he did a thriving business
and collected every dollar of his ac
counts. Once, years ago, when I first
came to this country, I went to his ho
tel and stopped there two weeks,"
•writes Milt Brinben.
"When I left, he presented me with a
statement of what I owed him, and it
was a curiosity. He had copied it from
his ledger. At the top of the sheet
there was a rude picture of a soldier
on the march and after it three straight
marks. Then there was a scene show
ing a man at table eating. Then ap
peared a bed with a man in it. In the
amount column there was a picture of
a doll and after It the two letters "RS."
After the picture of a man eating there
were forty-two marks after the view
of the man In the bed, fourteen marks.
I looked at the account, then at the
proprietor, and told him it would take
me a week to answer that conundrum.
"I was completely stumped, and when
that hotel .pan deciphered the, amount
for me it was this: The picture of the
soldier walking meant march, and the
three marks supplied the date, March
3, when I began boarding. The man
at the table with forty-two marts after
it indicated that I had eaten forty-two
meals. The man in bed with fourteen
marks: showed that I- had slept in the
house fourteen night?. The doll with
the 'RS' after It meant 'dollars,' and
in the figure columns appeared the fig
ures 14, which was the amount I owed
him. And it was a true billi"—Yank
A Peralnn Barber.
"A Persian barber works in a style
very different from that, in vogue in
this country. A typical shop is a
(square room, with one side open to the
Street. In, the ©outer Is a tiny bed of
flowers sunk In the floor, from the
middle of which rises an octagonal
stone column about three feet high.
The "capital of the column forms a
receptacle for the water-in which the
barber dips his hand as he Bhaves his
customer's scalp. In Persia they do
not lather. The shop is very clean. In
two recesses stand four vases filled.
With flowers and the Implements of the
barber's art—scissors, razors, lancets,
hand mirrors, large pinchers to extract
teeth, branding Irons to cauterize th&
arteries to amputating limbs, strong
eocnbs, but not a hairbrush for that
Implement is never used by Persian^
Rrom the barber's girdle hang
found copper water bottter his strop,
and a pouch to hold hi# instruments.
In-his bosom is a small mirror, the
presentation of which to his customers
is a sign that the job Is. finished and
ttu»t the barber waits for his pay. The
feather shaves the heads of his custom
/dSres their beards, pulla their teeth,
blisters «nd bleeds them when ailing,,
gets their broken bones shampoo*
i' ats iMMli tm AtatHMf.
,She—Are yon ft total abstainer, Colo
m'm. ha^H. •t«oehe«
IBartt y.e«».-rCWcatt ?*«*•.
tMEY F1GURIBO »N CHURCHES IN-THE
EARLY CHRISTIAN DAYS.
(Then Flrtt Adapted by the Public,
Vker Seem to Have Been Utilised
Solely ew Sim Protector*—Onee an
Attribute of Dignity.
In the early Christian churchea a
large ambrella usually hung over the
priest and it is said that from this
eustom it became one of the attributes
of cardinals appointed from basilican
churches. For years the dog&s of
Venice carried umbrellas of state, and
In 1288 Pope Alexander HI. declared
that these should be surmounted by
golden statuettes of the annunciation.
Michael Morosini was the first Vene
tian layman to carry an umbrella,
which consisted of a small, flat square
of green stuff, over which was a cop
per spiral. Soon after the umbrella
was adopted by fashionable Venetian
dames. According to Coryat's "Crudi
ties*!? (1611), the Italian umbrella was
a smalLcanopy and was made of leath
er extended by a series of wooden
hoops. He says umbrellas were used
by horsemen, who, resting the handles
on the thigh as they rode, bore them
so that they should "minister shadow
unto them for shelter against the
In the Hfirleian manuscripts, now in
the British museum, there is in manu
script No. 60S a crude illustration
showing the figure of a yoeman hold
ing an umbrella over his lord, which
leads me to infer that umbrellas were
known in England even In the early
Beck, as quoted in the Draper's Dic
tionary, asserts that at the time that
Stephen usurped the crown of England
(twelfth century) umbrellas were in
common use among the English. The
first mention of the umbrella in Eng
lish literature is in Florio's "World of
Wonders" (1598), where It is described
as a ".kind of round fan or shadowing
that they use to ride with in summer
in Italy a little shade."
In 1656 an umbrella was exhibited in
the "Museum Tradescantianum or,
Collection of Rarities Preserved at
South Lambeth, Near London, by John
Tradescant," which was known as
"one of the wonders of the ark."
In the church of Cartmell, in Lanca
shire, England, there was preserved
until a few years ago an umbrella said
to be over 300 years old, which was
used chiefly to protect the host.
References to the umbrella are to be
found also in Blount's "Glossographia"
and Phillips' "New Worlde of
Words" (1678). In the first the refer
ence reads: "Umbrello, a fashion of
round and broad fans, wherewith the
Indians (and from them our great ones)
preserve themselves from the heat of
the sun, and hence any little shadow,
fan or other thing wherewith the wom
en guard their faces from the sun."
The second runs: "Umbrello, a screen
againBt the sun's heat, used chiefly by
the Spaniards, among whom it is known
by the name quitasole."
The Imaginative Dean Swift in the
"Tale of a Tub" (1696) depicts Jack, an
ever resourceful type, making use of a
parchment copy of his father's will as
a nightcap when he went to bed and as
an umbrella in rainy weather. Did
the worthy Han way take his cue from
this or from Kersey, according to whom
the umbrella was a "broad fan or
screen commonly used by women to
shelter them from rain?' The last ref
erence, made in 1709, is the first men
tion of It as a protector from the rain.
Later Bailey, who in his dictionary
(1737) called it a parasol, defined it as
"a sort of small canopy to keep off the
Small, light umbrellas came Into
fashion among the ladies of the French
court in 1675, and these were carried
by attendants. Richelet tells us that
they were made of oilcloth or leather
and had ribs of whalebone. A century
later they found favor with the men,
who carried red umbrellas, with edges
fringed with gold lace.
The precise date when Jonas Eton
way, who died in 1786, Introduced the
umbrella into England is not recorded
in any of the encyclopedias I have at
Good Serviceable Suits
,Cloves and Mittens
.1 Nobby Overcoats
hand, but they all state toat ae #U
popularly known as its Introducer.
With the Dutch, as with the Indian
grandees, the umbrella was first,aa at
tribute of dignity, and well, it might
be, for the prices paid for them at The
Hague In 1650 ranged from $75 to $120
each. The Dutch colonists who settled
at the Cape of Good Hope were not
slow to Insist on preserving the dignity
of the umbrella, for Ryk van Tulbagh,
governor of Cape Colony In 1752, en
acted that "No one less In razkk than
a junior merchant or those among the
citizens of equal -rank, and the wives
and daughters only of those who are or
have been members of any council
iShall' venture to use umbrellas, and
those who are less in rank than mer
chants shall not enter the castle in fine
weather with an open umbrella."—
Frank H. Vizetelly In New York
Why Do We Remember Certals
ThMgi anil Porset Other»
The vagaries of memory are some of
the most interesting of those connected
with the human mind and body. Why
do we forget certain things and re
member others? Myriads of these ir
regularities are as yet unaccounted
for. Perhaps not even the cleverest
metaphysician will ever account for
Professor James reminds us how
something which we have tfied in vain
to recall will afterward, when we have
given up the attempt, "saunter into
the mind," as Emerson says, as inno
cently as If it had never been sum
Again, bygone experiences will revive
after years of oblivion, often as the
result of some cerebral disease or acci
Such a case is the one quoted by
Coleridge of a young woman in Ger
many who could neither read nor write,
but who was said to be possessed of a
devil because, in a fever, she was heard
raving in Latin, Greek and in an ob
scure rabbinical dialect of Hebrew.
Whole pages of her talk were written
down and were found to consist of
sentences intelligible in themselves, but
not having the slightest connection
with one another. To say that she was
possessed of a devil was the easiest
way of accounting for the matter.
At last the mystery was cleared up
by a physician, who traced back the
girl's history until he learned that at
the age of nine she was taken to live
at the hoilse of an old pastor, a great
Hebrew scholar, and that she remain
ed there until the pastor's death. It
had been for years the old man's cus
tom to walk up and down a passage
near the kitchen and read to himself
in a loud voice.
His books were examined, and among
them many of the passages taken down
at the young woman's bedside were
identified. The theory of demoniacal
possession was abandoned. YouUi'b
Mix stove blacking with a little am
monia to prevent it burning off.
A teakettle should never be allowed
to stand on the side of the fire with a
small quantity of water In it.
A rose potpourri is made by packing
fresh rose petals in salt, a layer of the
petals, then a layer of salt, and keep
ing them covered for six months.
A convenient substitute for a cork
screw when the latter is not at hand
may be found in the use of a common
screw with an attached string to pull
For ink stains on furniture add six
drops of niter to a teaspoonful of water
and apply it to the stain with a feath
er. If the stain does not yield to the
first application, make it stronger and
repeat the process.
Stains on silverware require prompt
attention, otherwise it will take along
time to remove them. Sulphuric acid
will remove the stain left by medicine.
Dip the spoon in the acid, repeating
the process until the stain has disap
peared then wash in very hot water.
Big bonuses are offered far thresh
ing machines in the Jim river valley.
FALL AND WINTER CLOTHING
Our new Pall and Winter Stock is now in
and we are pleased to show our goods to
anybody wiio may wish to purchase
and Man's Furnishings
AT REASONABLE PRICES
Hats and Caps
Shirts of ail Kinds
New mid Stylish Neckwear
Underwear and Sweaters
•S3 Hain StrMt, First Boor Vfe*t Bismarck ftaiifc f||
Wore Oaaceittni, Fo* THuvy
Than Titoae of the fetfte. 'f
Wounds in civil life differ from those
In military life In the greater after dan
ger of septic involvement. Revolver
cartridges are more liable than are
rifle cartridges to have been handled
frequently, to have been carried in
dirty pockets and to have come in con
tact with various forms of infectious
materials that may prove of serk(g|
consequence when buried in the tis
sues. Moreover, revolyer cartridges
are covered with a coating of grease*
and this encourages an? accumulation
ef manifold mierobic material, some of
which may prove to be of virulently
Rifle bullets are practically alwayp
sterilized by the intense heat developed
by the powder at the moment of their
discharge. Their rapid progress through
the air while in a heated condition still
further serves to cleanse them of any
extraneous material that may chance
to have accumulated on their surfaces.
This cleansing process is very effectu
ally begun by the rifling of the rifle
barrel through which' the bullet forces
All these favorable factors are lack
ing in the case of the revolver bullet,
and so it is possible that in any given
case such a bullet may carry Infectious
material with it into the tissues. It
this were in small amount, nature
might effectually wall it off and no se
rious consequences result. On the oth
er hand, such infectious material might
lie seemingly dormant for days, but
really slowly gathering strength by
multiplication, and when its- toxins
were elaborated in sufficient amount
they might paralyze protective chemo
taxis and produce a septic condition.—
New York Medical News.
Despite all refinement, the light and
habitual taking of God's name in vain
betrays a coarse and brutal will.—
Digests what you eat.
It artificially digests the food and aids
Nature in strengthening and recon
structing the exhausted digestive oi
gans. It is the latest discovereddigest
ant and tonic. No other preparation
can approach it in efficiency. It in
stantly relieves and permanently cures
Dyspepsia, Indigestion, Heartburn,
Flatulence, Sour Stomach, Nausea,
Sick Headache, Gastralgia,Cramps and
all other results of imperfect digestion.
Price 50c. and $1. Large size contains 2H times
small site. Book all about dyspepsia nwiiMtxee
Prepared kv E. C. OeWITT dW, Chicago.
Fur Coats of the best make.
Sheepskin Lined Coats and Ulsters.
Sweet, Orr & Co.'s Trousers, best in the
-world. Same is true about their Over
alls and Jackets. A garment free—if
Hie Great Western Shirts and Duck l^jied
goods can not be better for qualify
E. E.SEM LI NGj&CO
The man who procrastinates
gles with ruin.
An apt quotation- is as good as an
Progress is the activity of today and
the assurance of tomorrow.—Emerson.
To be vain of one's rank or place is to
show that one is below it.—Stanislaus.
The desire of appearing clever often
prevents one becoming so.—Rochefou
God Is on the side of virtue, for who
ever dreads punishment suffers It. and
whoever deserves It dreads it—Colton.
The mind that is much elevated and
insolent with prosperity and cast down
by adversity is generally abject and
Human nature is so constituted that
all see and judge better in "the ffairs
of other men than- in their own.—Ter
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