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*P. Second Section. Location unexcelled. Metropolitan ideas. Perfect drainage. Climate incomparable. Three newspapers—the Tribune the oldest in the state—weekly established in 1873 daily in 1881. Finest system of waterworks in the Northwest—reservoir system costing over $100,000. Capital of the State. State penitentiary. U. S. Military Post—one of the largest in the country now build ing—62 buildings, with ultimate expenditure of over $1,000,000. U. 5. Weather Bureau, one of the most important stations in the country—records since 1875. U. S. Surveyor General's Office. The city of Bismarck occupies a geographical position of importance, which assures it a future as one of the commercial centers of the state and of the northwest. It is the gate way to a large territory now just being settled up, and the objective point of several railroads that will complete their lines to the city in the near future. At the present time the Northern Pacific road taps Bis marck at the crossing of the Missouri river. Northward the Bismarck, Washburn & Great Falls road traverses a rich country, into which thousands of new settlers are being attracted by the fertility of the land, its value for diversified stock raising and farm ing, and the possibilities of achieving a competence. Lignite coal fields have been opened in the northern part of Burleigh county, and thousands of tons of this cheap and valuable fuel are being mined, employing a large amount of labor. The mines are con ducted upon the eastern plan, with the latest improvement in machinery. These various industries are bringing into existence new and busy towns along the Missouri river. Washburn Wilton, Coal Harbor, and on the west side of the river. Mannhaven and other new settlements have became thrifty centers of industry and traffic. As the country is settled, these towns will grow proportionately, into new and larger importance. Last season. half a million bushels of wheat, fla and oats were marketed at two or three little towns on the Missouri rlvor. There has been a busy traffic to and fro, both by rail and water. In the nat ural course of events Bismarck will become the traffic center for these '/I' k: i(/VSr" communities, and the jobbing center fiom which the settlements in the vicinity will' be supplied. Southward there is another rich district, which is being invigoiMiea by new and desirable settlement. The broad acres of Emmons, Logan. Mc intosh and adjoining counties are be ing broken by the plow, and made to yield sustenance to thousands of head of cattle, horses and sheep. En terprising land companies have taken hold of the matter of settlement and have brought in hardy, intelligent and thrifty settlers who will make the soil yield riches greater than ever before yielded. This country is tapped by the Soo road, which now extends to within thirty miles of Bismarck, and will be ironed into Bismarck this year. The Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul road, now at Eureka, has terminals and is likely to extend to Bismarck in the near future. This will make Bismarck the natural center east and west and north and south of a gigantic domain, rich in natural resources, and awaiting only the effort of the intelli gent settler to build up a new and populous section of the commonwealth of North Dakota, In all directions, to the north, east, south and west, there is a growing and prosperous settlement New farms are being settled upon, new enterprises de veloped, new cattle ranches opened, and new demand created for the pro ducts of the mill, the factory, the gro cery, the hardware supply house, and, in short, for the output of all the avenues of industry. With railroad? reaching Bismarck from north, south, east and wesrt, and with a means of cheap and convenient river transpor tation at hand, it is evident that Bis- V-i $ pidmorrk (tribune. TWENTY-SECOND YEAR. BISMARCK, NORTH DAKOTA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1902. FIVE-CENTS BISMARCK, THE METROPOLIS U. S. Land Office wbich contains the best that is left in the way of free homes—the last of the public domain. County seat of Burleigh county, with good county buildings. U. S. District court rooms—the largest and best in the northwest. St. Alexius hospital—the most extensive and complete establish ment of its kind in the state. Excellent schools—common and sectarian. Comfortable, and many luxurious homes. Good volunteer fire department. Many churches, some of the edifices among the best in the state. No saloons. VIEW OF THE CENTRAL PORTION OP THE CITY OP BISMARCK AFTER THE GREAT FIRE OF AUGUST 8, 1898. marck is coming to the front as a job bing center. A study of the map of the north western country will show that every two or three hundred miles, particu larly where there are trade and trans portation facilities afforded by rail and water, a thriving commercial center is built up, to supply the territory round about. At the present time St. Paul and Minneapolis are practically the trade centers for the entire north western country from those cities to Helena. Of late years, however, a job bing business of considerable extent has been built up at Fargo and Grand Forks, reaching out particularly for business in the thickly settled north ern portions of the state. Bismarck, therefore, is the natural center of dis tribution for the country from James- VIEW OF THE CENTRAL PORTION OF THE CITY OF BISMARCK AS PARTIALLY REBUILT, TAKEN UNDER UNFAVORABLE CONDITIONS. town westward, northward and south ward. The advantage of rates to common points, which will be made by the roads into Bismarck, and which are made to common points on the Mis souri river, will give Bismarck the opportunity in the near future to be the center of supply for the country tributary. The immensity of that ter ritory and the rapid growth of its pop ulation is insufficiently realized by those who have no£ made a study of the matter. The western part of the state is increasing in population at ar unprecedented rate. With the growth of this territory, it is not to be sup posed thaJt the conditions that permit the principal jobbing centers to be five, six and seven hundred miles away will long obtain. Trade and commerce follow settlement. Whert there is the demand, the source of supply follows. All of these condi tions point to Bismarck's future com mercial importance. As a matter of fact the city of Bismarck is just entering upon its career of prosperity and prominence that was predicted by its enthusiastic siipporters twenty-five years ago. Then the whole west was in its in fancy. Settlement was sparse. Ideas of development were large, but vague and indefinite. The country was in the raw state. Farming was carried on in a desultory fashion. Stock raising was likewise crude and un scientific. There was little effort to ward scientific methods and it has taken the experience of the past quar ter of a century to bring order out of chaos, and enable the pioneers in the western country to see the right means for development and betterment of 1 conditions. Then millions of acres of I la.nd were held by the Northen Pacific railroad, with little determined effort to settlement. Now these conditions have changed. The land is in the hands of private owners, who are put ting forth efforts to bring in settlers of the right kind. The possibilities of the country are known. There is the experience of men who have achieved a comfortable independence in a few years to sipeak for the country about Bismarck. All of these things pointj to increased settlement, more busi ness and the coming commercial iir portance of Bismarck as a trading cen ter. In addition to the trade demands of the country round about, Bismarck has local institutions of sufficient merit and importance to command commer cial attention. It is the capital of the state, occupying a town site that for r-atural advantage is unsurpassed. It has the finest water system in tho northwest, obtaining its supply from the Missouri river, the purest water in the world. Its natural drainage is unsurpassed, the city being built on the slope from the Missouri river, and the natural slope toward the river relieving the town from the condi tions of flood, mud and the pestilen tial vapors that come with poor drain age and marshy Headquarters for upper Missouri river steamboats. Fine river harbor with the largest warehouse—600 feet long—on the Missouri river. Abundant shade trees and well kept lawns. Elevators and mills. Electric light and telephone. riachine shops and wagon and car shops. Twine and cordage factory, the most extensive in the northwest. Finest stores and stocks in the state. Two banks with deposits running from $500,000 to $700,000. Finest railway depot between flinneapolis and the Paciiic coast. Hotels, one of them equal to any in the state. lands. Its streets are naturally advantageous, the soil being quick to dry. and ordinarily hard as pavement. Its average temperature is healthful and invigorating. Its public institutions are numerous and import ant. A regimental military post is under course of construction, two miles southeast of the city. It will be one "f the finest and completest army head quarters in the country. Every build- ing will be of brick, modern in con- 1 struction and perfect in detail. When completed, the population of this post and its following will add several thousand to the population immedi ately dependent upon the city. A twine plant capable of turning out 10, 000 pounds of binding twine a day has been completed and installed at the state penitentiary. Within a year or so bridges and ferries, constructed north and south of the city, will afford means of communication between Bis-1 marck and the rich and extensive cat tie country west of the Missouri river. The city will also be the future cen ter of the coal mining industry which is becoming yearly of great import ance and magnitude. New roads to the south will open up a vast market for the cheap fuel of the west in South Pages 9 to 16 Dakota, Minnesota and neighboring states. All of these natural advantages must be taken into consideration in calcu lating the coming importance of Bis marck as a commercial point.. The illustrations on this page will give but a meagre idea of the central portion of Bismarck, which on the night of the 8th of August. 189S, was completely destroyed by fire. One view shows the burned district as it appeared a couple of days after the fire and the other illustration shows the same district as it appears now. The fire was most sweeping in its ef fect. and scarcely anything was saved of the stocks of goods, professional libraries and office furnishings in the district. Not a scrap of paper was saved from the Tribune plant except the contents of the safe. The First PL Bii ifr Plioto by Boyce Photo by Boyce National Bank building, one of the most imposing in the state, the Cen tral block. Merchants Bank block, all three story liuildings, together with numerous smaller structures and all their contents, were completely de stroyed. By general agreement of property owners after the fire two story buildings were erected—more substantial and in some cases much more costly than the three story structures they succeed. Fire limits have been established, stone walks and crossings provided for and the city so much improved in appearance that all conclude, while the loss was severe to the individual, the fire was a benefit to the city at large. Bismarck is 440 miles from St. Paul and 686 miles from Helena. It is 193 miles from Fargo and Dickinson is 116 miles west. The distance to Wilton is 27 miles and to Washburn 45 miles and about 160 to Aberdeen by the Soo grade.