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Bismarck daily tribune. [volume] (Bismarck, Dakota [N.D.]) 1881-1916, May 30, 1902, Image 2

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Daily an# Weekly Tribune
Weekly Established 1878.
Daily 1881.
EXHAUSTIVE ByTTER TEST.
Five Hundred Samples Submitted to
Examiners.
Chicago, May 30.—The first exhaus­
tive test ever made of creamery but­
ter taken from ail. parts of the United
States was fininshed in Chicago
Wednesday night by examiners ap­
pointed by the department of agricul­
ture and the National Creamery But
termakers' association. Samples of
butter from 500 buttermakere, repre­
senting 19 states, were examined and
similar tegts will be made from now
until October, when a report will be
submitted.
The purpose of the tests is to secure
an idea of the quality of butter put
out by makers and the method of man­
ufacture. At the end of the test each
butterinakef will hear the results of
the examination, as well as sugges­
tions that may assist him in making
better quality.
W. D. Collyer, United States In­
spector of butter exports, and B. D.
White, field instructor of the Min­
nesota dairy commission, are in charge
of the tests.
MUST BE WIPED OUT.
Defiant Element a Bar to Peace In
Mindanao.'
Manila, May 30.—Colonel Frank D.
Baldwin of the Fourth United States
infantry has telegraphed to Brigadier
General Gebrge W. Davis, in command
of fhe United States troops in the Isl­
and of MJnganap, that he 4oes not ex­
pect to establish satisfactory peace
conditions in the Lake Lano district
until the defiant element is wiped ouL
The natives pretending to be friendly
are urging that this.be done, as their
own lives are in jeopardy, "which,"
the colpnel adds, "we are in the high­
est sense under obligations to protect."
"The defiant' element," continues
Colonel Baldwin, "respect nothing but
power and the sword. They will de­
stroy humans until destroyed them­
selves."
Austrian Emperor Took Part,
Vienna, May 30.—Corpus Christi day
was celebrated with, the customary
magnificent ecclesiastical ceremony.
Emperor Francis Joseph, the arch­
dukes, the principal officers of state'
a^d the municipal authorities were
present at high mass iit the cathedral
at 7 in the morning. Subsequently the
whole body paraded the principal
streets, headed by the clergy and ban­
ners of every parish in the city. The
emperor walked, bareheaded, carrying
a lighted candle behind the host.
CAUSE NOT DISCOVERED.
Provincial Minerologist Investigates
Crows Nest Disaster.
Victoria, B. C„ May 30.—Hon. E. C.
Prior, minister of mines, has received
by wire the following report from W.
F. Robertson, provincial minerologist,
whom the government sent to Fernie
to investigate the explosion in the
Crows Nest Pass mines:
"Seventy-eight bodies recovered to
date. AH parts of mines searched ex­
cept Neaver Deep district. Air turn­
ed in there. Last shift and three
rooms No. 2 district found difficult to
dislodge gas, but being accomplished
gradually. Probably six bodies there.
"Mine free from gas except as noted.
No trace of fire.. Since Monday I have
been with relief party through every
section'and I have seen no indication
as to origin of explosion. Certainly
not from machine holes as popularly
reported, as they -vpere found intact."
Severe Fighting at Primaries.
Savannah, Ga., May 30.—The White
county primaries held during the day
for representatives to the legislature
and county offices were attended by
severe fighting between the opposing
factions at the courthouse. Several
people were ifljured but nobody was
killed. Ishmael Carter had his head
split open by a policeman's club. Sam
Davis, an ex-policeman, had his head
cut open with a club, He claims to
have been held and beaten. Several
others were everely hurt.
PRACTICALLY UNANIMOU8.
Sjtar Shareholders Favor Join
fng the Combine.
London, May 30.—-The time limit for
the White Star line shareholders to
Intimate their acceptance or otherwise
of the Morgan offer in connection with
the shipping combine has expired. The
shareholders have practically unan­
imously approved the proposals made.
The shareholders of the Dominion
line have reached a decision similar
to that of the White Star line share
holders.
The Shipping Gazette confirms the
statement that the shareholders of the
Holland-American line have ratified
the agreement arrived at in April last
^providing for that line entering the
shipping combine.
Sioux City Live
Sioux City, la.. May 29.—Cattle—
/Beeves, $JB.Q.Q'@8,76 cows,, bulls and
mixed, [email protected] stockers and feed
ers, ?3.00 @4.B0 yearlings and calves,
18.00(0)4.40. Hogs—[email protected]
St Paul Union Stock Yards.
St. Paul, Ma:y 29.—Cattle—Choice
butcher steers, $6.40 @6.75 choice
butcher .cows, and heifers, $6.25® 5.75
good to choice veals, $4.50® 5.50.
Hogs—[email protected] Sheep-rGood to
choice, $5.25g5.50 lambB, $5,[email protected]
,, ^The labor troubles which have been
brewing at Manila for a month are
now on the eve of coming to a head
Three of the largest American employ
ers of Filipino labor have been notified
that Ihey amst advance salaries
sealoi-faceftstrikte.
per cent
50
Fill) MiS llfl
TWENTY-SECOND YEAR, BISMARCK, NORTH DAKOTA, FRIDAY MAY 30. 1902.
Former Filipino Secretary of State
Calls on President Roosevelt on
Special Mission.
Says His Object is to Correct Some
False Reports in Circulation
Against Government.
Says Judge Taft Has Confidence of All
Right Thinking People in the
Islands.
Washington, May 30.—General Filipe
Buencamino of Manila, formerly Ag
uinaldo's secretary of war, called on
the president during the day An com­
pany with Secretary Root. General
Buencamino was taken prisoner by the
United States troops at the time Ag
uinaldo's mother wals captured, and
since that time has been at the head of
the Federal Filipino party. He told the
president that his mission to ^.ashing
ton was to correct some of the false
reports that have been put in circula­
tion with a view to discrediting the
work of both the civil government un­
der Judge Taft and the army. The civil
government, he told the president, was
doing a really wonderful work for good
in the islands and it had been ably sec
ended by. the army. The stories of
cruelties perpetrated by our soldiers,
he said, were either wholly untrue or
greatly exaggerated. The army had
conducted itself in a way to elicit
praise from all right thinking Filipi­
nos, and this, too, in the face of the
greatest temptations and provocations.
Judge Taft's commission had the en­
tire confidence of all rightly disposed
natives, he said, and it was General
Buencamino's hope that Judge Taft
might be induced to remain an indefi­
nite time at the head of the civil gov­
ernment... The Filipinos, he said, love
Judge Taft, for he has never once de­
ceived them, and they know him to be
their friend. The general will appear
before the Philippine committee of the
senate within the next few days.
SUPPORTED BY MORGAN.
Alabama Senator Favors Pending Phil
ippine Bill.
Washington, May 30.—At the con­
clusion of routine business in the sen­
ate consideration Was resumed of the
Philippine government bill.
Mr. Lodge (Mass.), in charge of the
measure, offered two or three amend­
ments of minor character, which were
greed to. He then offered an amend­
ment extending to the inhabitants the
"bill of rights" of the Constitution ot
the United States except the fight to
bear arms and the right of a trial by
jury. In answer to an inquiry by Mr.
Pettus (Ala.) Mr. Lodge explained
that, in the opinion of the majority of
the committee on Philippines, it would
be unwise in the present circum­
stances to extend those rights to the
Filipinos. The amendment was agreed
to.
Mr. Morgan (Ala.) then addressed
the senate upon the bill. He cordially
approved the general purposes of the
measure which, he said, were a decided
improvement upon the law now in
force in the Philippines. Certain
changes, which he did not indicate,
ought to be made in the bill, but in a
general way it looked toward peace.
He read an editorial from an Alabama
newspaper which he adopted as his
own sentiments. That editorial held
that as the United States had put its
hand to the plow in the Philippines it
could not turn back.
The insurrection in the islands, Mr.
Morgan said, was broken and the duty
was left to this government to provide
a just and equitable government for
the people. Division in the councils
in this country, he believed, kept the
bolomen and ladrones in the field.
When that division was settled, peace
in the islands in a practical way would
be assured..
At the close of Mr. Morgan's speech
Mr. Spooner took the floor, He said
It was remarkable that weeks had been
Bpent upon a bill, designed to give
greater civil government to the isl
apds, in denunciation of the army. He
said the speeches of the minority were
characterized by passions.
Mr. Spooner said Mr. Carmack in­
dulged in some observations regard­
ing President Roosevelt which he (Car
mack) would regret. Mr. Spooner then
paid a tribute of praise to the presi­
dent's service in Cuba.
"He has won the right to be known
as the friend of liberty," exclaimed Mr.
Spooner.
Mr. Spooner said he was still oppos­
ed to permanent domination of the
Philippine islands. He had, he said,
voted against the admission of Hawaii.
He did not want to take that first long
step out into the Pacific.
1'T UNITED PRESBYTERIANS.
Forty-fourth General Assembly Meets
at Pittsburg.
Pittsburg, May 30.—When Rev. Dr.
J. M. Ross called the 44th general as­
sembly of the United Presbyterian
Church of North America to order for
the first business session 263 commis­
sioners were in their seats. Devotional
exercises were first held, after which
the important task pf electing a moder­
ator wis* taken up. Six names were
presented and Rev. Dr. Wilson of Brie,
Pa.,' yrps elected on the first ballot.
Alter the reading of the minutes the
clerk presented his report. It showed
that the congregations of America con
tributfg jQr. «J1 purposes during the
year $1,843,235, an increase of $1167
*51), the largest in any one year.
The membership of the church in­
creased 2,029. In three synods, New
York, Ohio and' Iowa, there has been a
decrease in the membership. In this,
the report says, there is an indication
of the great changes taking place in
our population.
The reports of the various boards
were then presented and the rest of
the rest of the session was taken up
with the reading of these reports.
REOPEN SEAL QUESTION.
House Favorably Reports a Bill to
That Effect
Washington, May 30.—The ways and
means committee of the house has or­
dered a favorable report on the bill for
ft reopening of negotiations relative to
tlie fur seal herds of Alaska, with a
view to the preservation of the herds
and authorizing the killing of the
greater part of the seals unless the ne­
gotiations for the permanent preserva­
tion of the herd are successful. The
preamble of the bill recites that the
regulations made in pursuance of the
findings of the Bering sea tribunal
"have utterly failed to so protect and
preserve these herds from indecent
killing and ruinous diminution of life
after seven years of faithful enforce­
ment."
Also that "this killing of 20,000 to
30,000 mother seals at sea by alien
hunters every year entails the cruel
and indecent starvation to deatfi on
the islands of 15,000 to 25,000 young or
pup seals every September and Octo
ber."
The bill empowers the president to
conclude negotiations with Great Brit­
ain for a review of the regulations "in
order to preserve the fur seal industry
of Alaska for the good of all mankind
and abate the shameful order of kill­
ing now permitted and conducted."
Pending the negotiations the bill au­
thorizes a modus vivendi prohibiting
the killing of seals except for native
food.
RAILROADS INDICTED.
Southern Lines Charged With Main­
taining a Combination.
Memphis, Tenn., May 30.—Six rail­
roads entering this territory have been
indicted by the federal grand jury in
session in this city on the charge that
there is a "declaration" or agreement
between them constituting a pool for
the purpose of dividing on a pro rata
basis the cotton shipped out of Mem­
phis as well as to maintain rates.
The roads indicted are the Illinois
Central, Louisville and Nashville, the
St. Louis Iron Mountain and Southern,
the Frisco route (Kansas City, Mem­
phis and Birmingham), the Southern
Railway and the Nashville, Chattanoo­
ga and St. Louis.
The indictments were returned un­
der section 5 of the interstate com­
merce law, as amended for the regula­
tion of common carriers in the United
States. United States District Attor­
ney Randolph and J. T. March and,
special attorney of the interstate com­
merce commission, are conducting the
prosecution.
FOR USE OF STREETS.
New York Secures $500,000 Annually
From One Company.
New York, May 30.—Negotiations
between the rapid transit commis­
sion and representatives of the Penn­
sylvania Railroad company, with refer­
ence to compensation to the city for
the use of the large surface area nec­
essary to the construction of the pro­
posed vast system of tunnels under
North and East rivers and across Man­
hattan are nearing completion. It is
understood that the railroad represen­
tatives have acceded to the demand
that the company shall.pay to the city
the sum of 50 cents annually for every
lineal foot of single track railroad un­
der Manhattan island for the first 10
years of the 25-year franchise. For the
remaining 15 years the company is to
pay $1 a track foot. This price will
be charged for all sidetracks as well
as the main line.
On the basis of these figures it is es­
timated the city .will get nearly $500,
000 each year for. the streets alone.
PASSES THE HOUSE.
Bill to Increase the Subsidiary Silver
Coinage.
Washington, May 30.—Some minor
business was transacted by unanimous
consent before the house resumed the
consideration of the bill to increase the
subsidiary coinage.
When the bill was taken up a 'vote
was had upon the Newlands amend­
ment to make subsidiary silver coin
legal tender. It was defeated, 67 to
90. Mr. Grow's amendment providing
that the subsidiary coin should be half
and quarter dollars and ten and five
cent pieces of proportionate parts of
412% grains also was defeated without
division.
Without amendment the bill was re­
ported to the house and a motion made
to recommit. It was lost, 86 to 98.
The hill then was passed without di­
vision.
The conference report on the Mer­
cer omnibus public, building bill was
then taken up and agreed to. The bill
•Will now. go to the president.
SETTLEMENT OF STRIKE.
3enator Hanna Confers With a Morgan
Representative.
Cleveland, May 30.—A report was in(
circulation here during the day that a
long conference was held during the
morning between Senator Hanna,
chairman of the Civic Federation, and
George W. Perkins, representing J. P.
Morgan & Co., relative to a settlement
of the anthracite coal strike. When
seen by an Associated Press reporter
Senator Hanna .refused to either deny
or confirm the report.
u' St-
EH (If I III HI!
British Government Hopes Soon
Make Announcement of End of
the Boer War.
to
Negotiations About Ended and Only
Some Unimportant Details Left
to be Arranged.
Attention Recalled to the Strength of
the Rebellion in Progress in
Cape Colony.
London, May 30.—The government
leader, A. J. Balfour, announced iu the
house of commons that he hoped to he
able on Monday next to announce the
result of the peace negotiations in
South Africa, Mr. Balfour added:
"I cannot, however, be absolutely
certain of being in a position to do so
and the statement can be made I do
not think it expedient to take up the
budget.1'
The government leader also said:
"A recent phase, 'hung in the bal­
ance,' has been absurdly misinterpret­
ed as referring to divisions in the cab­
inet on the subject of 'the budget. That
is not a ft ct and the only point is
whether the house can properly be
asked to discuss the budget until they
know precisely where they stand in re­
gard to the negotiations."
In spite of Mr. Balfour's pretended
uncertainty there is no doubt what­
ever in the house of commons or else­
where that a full peace settlement will
be announced Monday next.
The British cabinet was specially
summoned during the morning and sat
for a little while over an hour. It is
generally accepted, however, that the
session, though brief, sufficed to put
the final touches on the agreement
which will terminate the war. The
colonial secretary, Joseph Chamber­
lain, was sufficiently recovered from
his indisposition to attend what is al­
ready designated as the "peace" cab­
inet.
Boer Strength in Cape Colony.
The capture of Commandant Malan
announced from Middleburg, Capt Col­
ony, renews attention to the activity
of the rebellion in Cape Colony. Com­
mandant Malan took the late Com­
mandant Scheeper's command when
the latter was captured by the British
and became chief Boer commandant
in Cape Colony after Commandant
Kritzinger's capture. Malan, who was
mortally wounded when captured by
Major Collett's mounted troops, was
among the irreconcilables who re­
fused to send delegates to the peace
conference at Vereeningen, Transvaal.
According to the latest uncensored
correspondence from Cape Town the
Boers are still in constant occupation
of at least 22 different localities in
Cape Colony, having more than a score
of bands of raiders, mounted and arm­
ed, and of sufficient mobility to defy
successful pursuit, although the Brit­
ish have often swept and "cleared"
every mile of the colony's territory.
A correspondent reports that the "in­
vasion is more actively aggressive
than ever, and rebellion is more ram­
pant."
The campaign against the roving
Boer commandoes in Cape Colony,
which has been in active progress for
16 months, has achieved nothing be­
yond keeping them moving. "An oc­
cassional success," the correspondent
adds, "obtained by the 17 British col­
umns operating in Cape Colony, is
more the result of luck than of their
tactics, and these unpalatable facts
will continue as long as so few col­
umns co-operate in the hustling. The
inadequacy of the supply of troops is
at the root of the unsatisfactory oper­
ations."
MAY RETAIN THEIR ARMS.
Boers Gain One of Their Principal
Contentions.
Pretoria, May 30.—Lord Milner, the
British high commissioner, has left
Pretoria for Johannesburg.
The Boer delegates have also left
this city and have returned to Vereen­
ingen, Transvaal, the scene of the
peace conference between the Boer
delegates. The question of retaining
arms has been settled in a manner fa­
vorable to the Boers, whose conten­
tion that the occupants of outlying
farms would be exposed to danger
from attacks on the part of natives or
wild beasts was held to be well
grounded. __
BOTH LIKELY TO DIE.
Mysterious Tragedy Occurs in a New
York Apartment House.
New York, May 30.—Policemen at­
tracted by the shouts of alarmed resi­
dents in an apartment building at 50
Second avenue, broke the door of one
of the flats and found J. S. Keldain, a
dealer in cigarettes, lying on the floor
with his skull crushed.
In an adjoining room, lying on a bed,
was N. Caraman, a toh^co merchant.
Caraman was shot through the head.
In one hand he held a pistol and near
him was a hammer. The police be­
lieve he attempted to kill Keldain with
the hammer and then shot himself.
The cause of the quarrel is not known.
Both were taken to Bellevue hospital
and will die, the doctors say.
Kildain died later at the hospital.
Expresses Appreciation.
Washington, May 30.—Mr. Raikes,
charge of the British embassy, called
upon Secretary Hay at the state de­
partment during the day and formally
expressed the high sense of apprecia­
tion of the British government at the
unusual honors done the memory bt
the late Lord Pauncefote in Wednes­
day's funeral services.
Non-Union Men Put to Work.
Hazleton, Pa., May 30.—Eleven non­
union men, brought here from Phila­
delphia, were put to work at the Cran­
berry colliery of A. Pardee & Co., to
fill the places of striking firemen and
pump runners. This is the first im­
portation of non-union men into' the
district.
THE JURY REPRIMANDED.
Chicago Man Acquitted of the Charge
of Murder.
Chicago, May 30.—A verdict of not
guilty in the case of William McFet
ridge, accused of murdering his broth­
er, brought a, reprimand to the jury
from Judge Cavanaugh.
"I cannot understand how you ever
arrived at su»-h a conclusion," said the
court. "If ever a man was gulity Mc­
Fetridge was that man. The evidence
/was direct and conclusive. I would
not have been surprised if you had im­
posed the death penalty."
William McFetridge and his brother
Robert had quarrelled for years. Fol­
lowing a suit in a justice court last
fall, which had gone against William,
the latter met his brother carrying a
little girl. After a few words William
McFetridge opened fire and continued
to fire as his brother ran away. The
latter died after reaching home.
McFetridge attracted attention at
the trial by taking up his own defense
and continuing it for three days. At
the end of that time he accepted the
aid of an attorney. He pleaded that
his shots were fired in self defense. He
said that Robert had often threatened
to kill him and that he was justified
in taking no chances. Several wit­
nesses at the trial, however, testified
that Robert was unarmed and made
absolutely no move of a threatening
nature against William.
SPECIAL POLICE SWORN IN.
foal Companies Preparing to Protect
Non-Union Workmen.
Pottsville, Pa., May 30.—The coal
companies In this section are gathering
special policemen to protect their prop­
erty, and in the event of a conflict on
Monday they will have a large body of
men in the field. The Reading com­
pany has had 125 policemen sworn in
Bince Monday. These will supplement
its regular force of 50 policemen. All
have been ordered to report for duty
at once. It is known that a strike of
the pumpmen, engineers and firemen
is inevitable. With these special po­
licemen and the watchmen and special
detectives who have been already em­
ployed, the Reading company expects
to have a sufficient force to protect
any non-union Shen who may be
brought here to run the pumps.
The Saint Clair Coal company and
th£ Buck Mountain Coal company also
had commissions issued to a number
of special policemen. The Lehigh
Valley Coal company and the Pennsyl­
vania company each will have sworn
in 50 policemen before the end of the
week and a score of other companies
will take similar action. Strike lead­
ers are protesting against the action as
unnecessary. They say there will be
no violence on the part of the strikers
unless they are forced to protect them­
selves.
MALCOLM DEMANDED $25,000.
New Story in Connection With the Re­
cent Ford Tragedy.
New York, May 30.—In connection
with the Ford tragedy, which occurred
recently in this city, a story hitherto
unpublished is in circulation regarding
the cause of the shooting which cost
the lives of the author, Paul Leicester
Ford, and his brother Malcolm, the
famous athlete. It is to the effect that
Malcolm, who was not provided for in
his father's will, notified Paul a week
before the shooting that he must have
$25,000, which he claimed was his due
because he signed a waiver permitting
the probating of the .will. He is said
to have declared he needed the money
badly and to have become much in­
censed when Paul replied that he did
not have the sum on hand, adding that
he should consult other members of
the' family. Malcolm is said to have
replied that one of the heirs had kept
the agreement, but that he would not
consult the others and departed with
the declaration that he would return
a week hence for the money, failing to
jreceive which he should resort to des­
perate measures.
CONTINUES TO GROW WORSE.
Situation in Famine-Stricken Districts
of Russia.
St. Petersburg, May 30.—The situa­
tion of the famine-stricken peasants
continues to grow worse. In 241 vil­
lages of the Minzclinsk district, gov­
ernment of Cufa, 6,815 cases of scurvy
were officially recorded on April 14, as
compared with 2,723 cases reported on
March 14. This is only a sample of ex­
isting conditions in other famine dis­
tricts.
Siberian merchants are loudly com­
plaining that Manchuria and adjacent
ports of Siberia are flooded with
American, German, Japanese and other
foreign goods and that Russian trade
Is disappearing. Energetic measures
are demanded, particularly a frontier
guard sufficient to prevent smuggling.
About 300,000 poods of Russian petro­
leum have been shipped to Christiania,
Norway, where American oil has here­
tofore monopolized the market
Trust Corners, Cuban Tobacco.
New York, May 30.—By the forma­
tion of the Havana Tobacco company,
a
$45,000,000 corporation, under New
Jersey laws, the American Tobacco
trust, known as the Consolidated To­
bacco company, has obtained control
of 85 per cent of the entire cigar and
tobacco trade of Cuba.
Bismarck the Metropolis
of the Great Missouri 8lope
Country of North Dakota.
PRICE FIVE^ CENTS.
E III MI PELEE
Newspaper Man Makes a Trip to
Within Perilously Near Crater
of Mount Pelee.
Ashes on the Mountain Soaked by
Heavy Rains and Bake1 Into
Sort of Cement Walk.
Professor Hill, the Gelogist, Describes
His Expedition to Near Mount
Pelee.
Fort de France, Martinique, May 30.
—The crater of Mont Pelee has been
approached within one mile. This feat
was accomplished Tuesday afternoon
by George J. Kavanagh, an unattached
newspaper man, who had accompanied
Professor Robert T. Hill, the United
States government geologist, on his
expedition.
When Professor Hill turned south
toward St. Pierre Mr. Kavanagh con­
tinued on past Morne Rouge. His
route seems to have been along or
near the Cale Basse divide. He says
he descended from Morne Rouge into
the valley between Morne Rouge and
Mont Pelee. This valley was deeply
strewn with ashes. ^Tr. Kavanagh
was guided by a» aaed negress to
where an old footpath once led to Lake
Palmiste, near the summit of the cra­
ter. There an iron cross, 20 feet high,
was buried in ashes to within a foot
of its top. Before him stretched up­
ward the mountain slope, covered with
ashes, which, soaked by the heavy
rains and baked by the sun and vol­
cano heat, looked like a cement side­
walk. The whole mountain top was
shrouded in smoke.
Forgetful of the explosion of the pre­
vious night and the awful suddenness
of the outbursts, and tempted by the
seemingly easy ascent, he continued
upward and made photographs and
rough sketches. Mr. Kavanagh found
the valley filled with ashes and two
great rifts, which fie was afraid to ap­
proach. At 6 in the evening he turn­
ed back, reaching Morne Rouge at
about 9 o'clock.
On Wednesday Mr. Kavanagh tried
to descend to St. Pierre, but failed.
He found a little hamlet, in a valley
near the mountain, and saw about 150
dead bodies. They were not carbon­
ized, nor had their clothing been burn­
ed off. Probably this valley lay near
the inner edge of the zone of blasting
flame.
HAD AN ARDUOUS TRIP.
Professor Hill Relates His Experiences
on Mont Pelee.
Fort de France, May 30.—Professor
Robert T. Hill, United States govern­
ment geologist and head of the expe­
dition sent to Martinique by the Na­
tional Geographical society, who left
Fort de France Monday on horseback
for the volcano, returned here during
the morning. He was completely worn
out by his trip. Speaking personally
of his expedition to Mont Pelee Pro­
fessor Hill said:
"My attempt to examine the crater
at Mont Pelee has been futile. I suc­
ceeded, however, in getting very close
to Morne Rouge. At 7 o'clock Monday
night I witnessed from a point near
the ruins of St. Pierre a frightful ex­
plosion from Mont Pelee and noted the
accompanying phenomena.
"While these eruptions continue no
sane man shoald attempt to ascend to
the crater of the volcano.
"Following the salvos of detonations
from the mountain gigantic mushroom
shaped columns of smoke and cinders
ascended into the clear starlit sky and
then spread in a vast sheet to the
south and directly over my head.
"Through this sheet, which extended
a distance of 10 miles from the drater,
vivid and awful lightning-like bolts
flashed with alarming frequency. They
followed distinct paths of ignition, but
were different from lightning in that
the bolts were horizontal and not per­
pendicular.
"This is indisputable evidence of the
explosive oxidation of the gases after
they left the crater. This is a most im­
portant observation and explains, in
part, the awful catastrophe. This phe­
nomenon is entirely new in volcanic
history.
"I took many photos, but do not hes­
itate to acknowledge that I was ter­
rified,"
BENEFIT THE TRUST ONLY.
Congressman Broussard's Opinion of
Concession to Cuba.
Washington, May 30.—Hon. R. F.
Broussard, a member of congress from
Louisiana, was before the senate com­
mittee on relations with Cuba during
the day. He said he recently made a
trip, over the entire island of Cuba.
His investigation showed that the
American Sugar Refining company
owned no very large proportion of the
raw sugar that has been manufactured.
With few exceptions all of the sugar
manufactured this year Eas been hy­
pothecated to men who loaned money
to the planters and it was his opinion
that these men would eventually con­
trol the output. "The American Sugar
Refining company," the witness said,
"will get at least 99 per cent of all the
concessions granted by congress to the
Cuban planter."
Cummings Left t-ittle Property.
New York, May 30.—Congressman
Amos J. Cummings' will, which has
just been filed for probate, makes MES.
Cummings sole beneficiary. The pe­
tition values the late congressman's
personal property at only $1,500, and
states that be owned no real estate.
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