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Ihe gt$marck ftribtttu, By M. H. JEWELL. THE DAILY TRint'NE. l*tilllnhMl every afternoon, except Suii d*y, at Blxiuiirck, North Dakota, 1* «Mtv ered 1 iy currier to all parts of the city at 60 cents |er mouth, or )I1 per year. Thr «lully wm to auy (Wrens In the United Suite* autl Ciiuatln, postage prepaid, $0 per year (3 for six months $1.50 for three moot hit. THE WEEKLY TRIBUNE. I'ul.llKhvJ every Friday elflit p.-igos, coutalulng a summary of the new# of the week —local hikI foreign—particular atten* tlou liclug paid to state uews. Sent to uy address, postage paid, for $1 -W for oue year 50 c-euts for six mouths 2" cents for three mouths. The lilstuarck Tribune Is the oldest newspaper lu til? state—established June 1). 1873. It has a wide circulation and I a deslri.ble advertising luedltiui. IJelng published at the capital of the state It makes a feature of state news, of a semi official character, and Is therefore particu larly Interesting to all who desire to keep the run of state affairs—political, social and business. The development of the diversified fanning idea is apll.v set forth by the following from the OaJa*s Republican: Twenty years ago one could travel Dickey Co. over, seeing, very fewcattle Tim funwrs at that time used con densed milk, bought in cans at the store®. They also bought butter, eggs. ]Kt:itoes and horse feed, shipped from eastern markets. At that time and for a number of years later. Dickey county was a great liorse market here it wus •that all the worn-out dray, stage and car horses found a tviidy sale at from $ fiO to $600 per team. Money then was in good demand at "three per t-ent a minute." But all this was a» the beginning and during the bon.-tuza wheat-raising peiio.1. ^he experience of those days has Ix-en a valuable thought costly lesson to a good many people. It is. however, the experience of every iwiwly settled state, that whea* r.iising as a single croj* and get-rloh quick scheme Is a failure. But how different the conditions today. We are Shipping tons and toi» of butter and cream, tlrousands of cases of egg*, tr.idns at cattle, horses and sheep, ear after car-load of hogs and tons and tons of wool every year. Instead of buying the iiec*«arlos payable In the fall from an uncertain wheat crop, the •prudent fanner either pays cash or buyx on unlimited credit, backed up with a' bunch of cattle. He can get cash at any time by the sale of live stock. In the vicinity of Oakes during the month of April, the Marshall-Mc Cartney Company alone have paid Homethliic like forty thousand dollars for cattle and the Qakee creamery has (mid forty-five hundred dollars for vreani. The raising of live stock is yet in Its infancy as an industry and the creamery white already a source of great revenue to this vicinity, It* development in the country, we are sor ry to say. la sadtv neglected, owing to the cold storage system. Aside from his live stock Interests, the Dlckev county farmer still produces targe amount of hi nail grain, but exclusive wbeait raising is a thing at the past. Oora is Cast becoming a favorite and valuable crop. Corn, cattle ami cream eries have come to stay and with them increased land values, larger bank ac counts aud a more contented and ltap !y people. The organization, or reorganization of the State Historical society which took place at Bismarck the other day marks what it is hoped will be a new era in the history of that institution says the Grand Forks Herald. This society in the past has been hampered by lack of funds and other things, anions which may be mentioned lack of popular Interest, and many of the things which should have been done have remained undone. It is to be hoped that the institution will take, hold of the work before it with a vigor commensurate with its importance, There are many things to do. One of these is the collection and preserva tion of historical relics such as are to he found scattered here and there, and being destroyed by the elements. These should be cared for first. If the work is not done now it will soon be too late. Experiments that have been made with the raising of sugar beets In the the Alaska reception committee. The president has already indicated hla de sire to meet the Alaskans at some hotel but as there are three thousand of the Alaskans it is thought best to have the meeting take place at some theater, aad such a request has been forwarded to Secretary Loebh by Mr. Perkins. Kansas bank deposits according to the State Bank Commissioner are now over $9i.ft00.000 or J.T.aoOOOO above rtny previous high-water mark and the Kansas calamity howler has been drummed and swept away in this Hood. Ths Reform tohool. Mandiin Pioneer Brows, the recently appintcd head of the new s'nte reform school arrived in the city last Saturday. The schoo'. is to be formally ojJftied May 10, and the transfer of the children from the in stitution at Plankinton. wliere they have been itiken care of ponding the establishment by this state of an in stitution of its own. will begin May 0. The work of installing the furniture in the building i.s nw in progress and in a few days everything will bt in twentj -eight loys and girls and r.v°ry- thing possible will be done disturbance as possible. EXPERTS WITH THE rtHIP. Obc Man Could Crack Oft a Nuake'a Henil at Twenty Kwt. "That crabbed old German. Scliopon hauc:-. who said the cruel of a whip wits like a drink from the bad place, would have found hut little to com plain of if he had postponed his pass ing for awhile," said a thoughtful man, "for the whip is getting to Ik (topped until it sounds like the crack of doom. In a quiet for est where timber men carry on their work this noise is even fiercer than it Is in the cities. "Teumsters in the cities still use the old whip to some extent, but It Is grad ually going out, and the sharp crack of the sea grass Is rarely beard. "Speaking of whips. I am reminded of the mnrveloua accflracy some men acquire in the use of whips. I suppose the Ksklmo has reached a higher stand ard of proficiency In this respect than any other class of men. I have seen boys of this race pop a silver half dime at a distance of twenty feet every time they swung a whip. They can simply hit anything they want to hit as long as It is within reach of the whip. But here In the south I have IMP ox cart drivers crack off a snake's head at a distance of twenty feet, and they could do It whenever it pleased them to do It."—New Orleans Times-Democrat. APHORISMS. He who flatters you is our enemy.— Cardan. There Is no index of character *0 sure as the voice.—Disraeli. Laughing cheerfulness throws sun light on all the paths of life.—Uichter. There is no calamity which right words will not begin to redress.---Em erson. Experience is a keen knife that hurts while it extracts the cataract thai blinds.—De Linod. To forgive a fault in another is more sublime than to be faultless one self.—George Sand. Hope is so sweet with its golden wings that at his last sigh man still Implores It.—De la Pena. It Is a great misfortune not to have enough wit to speak well or not enough Judgment to keep silent.—La Bruyere. western part of North Dakota and the It and happier to be sometimes cheat eastern part or Montana show that the, It is better to suffer wrong than do tllilI not beets raised in this soil produce a: ______________ greater percentage of saccharine mat-. "'V?1'*!. .. I The logic of childhood Is frequently ter than those grown In any part of nB business offers more glowing possibilities than sugar' bee are durance of moisture. ee raising where the soil conditions tliont If they had enjoyed themselves, right and where there is an as-1 All replied in the affirmative with the exception of one conscientious maid, who said frankly, "No, 1 didn't I had a horrid time." "Did you really?" said the small hostess in a punled tone. "I don't see why. I had a lovely time but, then," she added reflectively, "I suppose I ought to, 'cos, you see, It was my party."—Brooklyn Esgle. The citizens of Alaska in the coast cities of Seattle and Tacoma will meet the presidnt at some theater hall en route of the president. W. T. Perkins, formerly of Bismarck, is chairman rf trust.-Samuel Johnson, „mvlllcIn|t U8 lt the Tutted States. There are great Ui„l. Mrs. L.'s little daughter Is very possibilities in the raising of sugar much given to reasoning things out for beets in this section and It is likely' herself and seldom falls to arrive at that some experiments will be made in satisfactory1 conclusion. Some weeks the near future. No business offers' ttK° shu ,s refreshhigly orlg- «uve a par,y to a Superintendent experiment, with suggestion of its pos sibilities, told by W. S. Harwood, will be one of the features ojjhe May Cen- tury. "umUr which IK? an awful scarce article in tills age. I sup pose the whip will filially pass out of existence altogether unless it is put to a new use. Of course the small riding whip, the kind which jockeys use in urging the horses they ride, will be used as long as horseflesh is lined. "But the kind of whip the old Ger mau had in mind was of a larger, lon ger and older type, the kind the ox driver uses even now in some of the more remote sections of the world. Whips of this kind generally swing easily on the end of a long handle. Frequently the handle Is eight or teu feet long and is made of hickory or some wood that is supple enough to bend in the green state. The whip It self, which is generally four and six plait rawhide, is from *ten to fifteen feet in length, with a sea grass cracker on the end tightly twisted and knotted at spaces an Inch apart. It Is this arti cle that makes the noise of which the old German pessimist complained, and a whip of this kind in the hands of au expert can of little friends, and when the time came fnr them to go hoine she fiolitely asked BISMARCK DAILY TRIBUNE: MONDAY MAY 4, 1908 1 E I E W A E Five hundred Iowa fanners have tried the experiment of going into busi ness for themselves, dealing In many staple articles used upon the farm, and buying all kinds of farm produce. In 1901 they transacted bubslness to the amount of $620,000, at an outlay of about $4,000, inclusive of salaries, taxes, and insurance. In 1902 the vol ume of business was approximately $630,000. Since these farmers organ ized their company thirteen years ago the business transacted has amounted to over $4,000,000, and the expense of carrying it on has averaged $3,000 a year. The story of this economical Henry Loomis Nelson's "trenchant arraignment of the growing despotism of the so-called "upper chamber' of Congress." "The Overshadowing Sen ate," in the February Century, pro voked wide editorial and general dis cussion. It was even quoted by Sena tor Depew in his speech on the State hood Bill. There is likely to be more apple pie order for the reception of than usual interest, therefore, in the the states charges. There are about: artic)e frora 30 tj,e wju thai the work and studies to whi^h tin ha/e been subjected will go on vith as little ,inlilations same authority, which appear in the May Century, dealing with "The Hampered Executive." it is prophesied that the narrowness of the bind our President will surprise many readers of the sketch. Mr. Arthur Schneider, the American artist who spent more than a year with the Sltan of Morocco, teaching him to draw, and who has written an account of his novel experineces for the May Century, sailed from New York for Tangier. April 4. He has been enoying a vacation in his own country, and is in something of a quandary whether, owing to the pres ent troubles in Morocco, he will be able to rejoin his distinguished pupil. Mr. Schneider prefers not to have is head surmount one of the gates of Fez. and he will be governed by the reports which the natives will give him when he lands in Tangier. Bright, interesting stories, practical instructive departments, entertaining special articles and pictures that please, make up The Housekeeper magazine for May. "Not a Sad Story" is ihe title of a touching little tale, by Mary .Stewart Cutting, which tells how a little boys death changed an en tire town for the better. An article by Jessie Ackerinann. the famou3 woman traveler, describes the many odd places of worship she has visited in various parte off the world. Illustrat ed by nare photographs which have never been published. The relation ship between manners and morals Is delightfully discussed by Martha Mc Cullocli Williams in the May install tieut of "A Society Woman's Letter* to her Daughter." The bubbling hir mor is brought Into deep contrast by touch of genuine pathos: the meet ing of a luillionaltv and his aged il literate parents. In addition to its regular Magazine Features, beginning with the Dedica tion Number May, 1903, and oonttnu lag until the close of the Exposition. Deoemfcar 1904. Campbell's Illustrated Journal, (Chicago and ftt. Louis) in Its Consecutive Issue will contain an Authentic Illustrated History of the St. Louis Exposition, similar to that It made of the Chicago World's Fair and the Paris Exposition, on which It received the Medal and Reward. The National Magazine for May maintains its customary breadth of views and variety of interesting topics, and in addition gives Its readers nine sprightly stouten and a forty-page World's Pair Dedication Souvenir—tills latter the most, complete and autlientiic advance story of the I»uisiana Ex position that has ever been put Into print. The Souvenir reviews the his tory of the Louisana Purchase, tella what has been done in that vast regi on during the last century, and fore casts its future greatness. Its also shows in broad outlines e*a«tly what will be tlve cliief charms of the great World's Fair to be held In St. Louis In 1!MM. The writers in the Souvenir are Senator Allison of Iowa, and Presi dent Fi-ancie. Vice President Chouteau. Secretary Stevens and Ediuond S. Hocli of fhe Exposition staff. The Souvenir is lavishly illustrated. Tlwe :numl*»r of the Archfteotural Record possesses an altogether pecul iar interest because it contains a number of illustrations of the exterior and interior of costly modern resi dences. Indeed It has been prepared particularly for the purpose of show ing some of tike best work that has been recently done to this important dabs faiMldJug} The house most elaborately and beautifully illustrated in the number is "Idlefeour" the residence of Mr. W. K. Vanderbilt at Oakdale, Long Island. This residence. wWCh Is the latest and the most hand some of the expensive private dwell- ings envted 'in «he vicinity of New York was designed by Mr. R. H. Hunt It is figured in over 30 plates, which include exteAoro of every aspect cf lte house, and interiors of all the moMt important rooms. The house was planned and decorated witk the idea constantly in mind at making it leas palatial and more domestic Chan the general ran of such houses and the architect lias succeeded wonder fully well in recouoUing the imperson al beauty of an elaborate Fsench man sion with something of the home-like quality of the English private house. Altogether the number makes an ex traordinarily interesting display of the modern American residence. Price cents. Architectural Record Co.. 14 ItS Vessey St., New York. CLEAN STREETS. C*a4 HraltH and (iood Oralaagr la xepnrablr Condition*. Clean streets nre one of the main factors in the reduction of disease. The tirst duty of town is to provide for the health of the residents—that Is, so far as it is possible to do so—by pre ventive measures. Cleanliness is next to godliness, and pure water and a sci entific sewerage system are indispensa ble aids to the physical and moral wel fare of the community. In far too many localities is the question of drain age left to take care of itself, and it remains a per|ctuul menace to the pub lic health, sooner or later to break forth with dire results. Money judiciously spent in this work under the supervision of a competeut engineer is a safe and sure investment that will be returned with compouud in terest. In almost every town there IS room for Improvement in this direction, and each business man and household er owes it to himself and his neighbor to help along this necessary work. A system of drainage should embrace not only the removal of storm water which falls upou the streets, but also the water from sluks, closets, factories and other sources. All such should have direct connection with sewers having an outlet in the nearest watercourse. The street gutters should be kept free from nibbish and have such a perfect grade that 110 water will Dud lodgment •long the streets ou either side. CIVIC BETTERMENT. k* Tralalac of Fatare Cltlseas la Mualclpnl Cleanllaeaa. "Dirt and degeneracy" are quite at truly synonymous as "cleanliness and godliness." and streets as well as homes reflect the character of their oc cupants, says the Pittsburg Dispatch. In Vienna if a person throws a torn envelope into the street he is arrested and lined. In Paris public opinion has been educated to lielleve that a street should be as immaculate as a house. In all the cities of Holland the street* are not only kept free from litter of any sort but scrubbed and garnished as well. Ordinances for the preserva tion of streets and highways are not tyranny. They are for cleanliness and godliness. The movement Inaugurated by thoughtful women for civic betterment through "village improvement" soci eties, "health protective" association* and "good government" leagues Is al ready bearing fruit, looking toward municipal cleanliness. If the children are early taught that the streets, the railway cars, ths scboolbouse and otliet public buildings are not for use at dost bins or garbage pails any more than the bouse, a great step will havr 8B0EBT SOOIETISB. MASONIC. Tancred Commander?, Knlghti Templar. No. 1. Meets third Thursday Is each month at Maeoslc hall, Dskota Block. M. Cook, E. C. W. F. Cochrane Recorder. 44 A. M., BtssMrck Lada*, A. r. 4k Ne. I id M. Meets lint ana third Monday* •wsstb st Mssoalc kail. M. II. Cook, Jort Finney, Secretary. 11, O. B. 8. Bismarck Chapter. No. Meets Brit and third Friday* In esch month it Masonic hall, Dskota Block. Dorothy Field, W. M. Hatfle Skelton, Secretary. KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS. St. Elmo Wedoeidar evening at Block. I. W. Healy, C. C. K. of R. and 8. Lodge, No. 4 evening Meet* ®v«rv K. P. Iiall, Raker Frank 0. Titus BROTHERHOOD OF AMERICAN YEO MEN. A fraternal life and accident inauraiice or ganization, meets the last Tuesday of eacli month iu the Odd Fellows ball. I. W. HohIj-, Foreman, C. A. Heaa, correHpondeut. Ma chine ahop. B. L, Boat A. VNCIENT ORDER UNITED WORKMEN. lilsmarck Lodge, No. 120. Mecta the ilrat and third Tuesday ercnlncH of each oiontb at their hall In the Tinker Block ai o'clock. C. E. Miirrell, M. Bradley Mark*, Recorder. I. O. O. F. Capital Clt, Friday at No. L!—Sloeta ever, i. -."an hull at o'clock p. m„ JolinvVray, N.G. Wm. D. Oursuch, Sec'y, a. A. R. JamcB B. McPberxon Poet No. 2, Depart ment of North Dakota. Oraml Array oi the Republic. Meet* every tiecond and fourth Thursday In each month at d. A. R. hall. Blamarck, N. D.: W. H. Winchester, Com mander JohuF.Wallace, Adjutant. WOMEN'S RELIEF CORPS. Meeta second and fourth Fridays of each •nonth at their hall at 2:80 p. in. Hnttie Skelton, president Emma B. Falconnr, aecre rary. THE FLORKNrE CBITTENTON HOME AND Hospital for Friaudlemt Women and Children. Incorporated November 2», Hot. No. 419 Eait Hoc-nd Street, Biamarck, N. Dak. President, I -.e H.Beer* Vice President, Bhoda A. Woods oorieapondin* Secretary, M. L. Aihley Recording BmcnUn, Alhiua B. Coach: Traai "t? B- Whltecraft Auditor. Rfln Hon tailing Matron, Margaret L. Aithley. NICHOLSON REBBKAH NO. 40 Meeta the flrat and third Saturdays of erery tseeth Is Odd rMMM* ML st o'clock. Mary Whltecraft, N- Q.. Jenny 0*Uos" nor, Secretary. n. M. OUR SHIRTERY New Spring and Summer Shirts. Best quality Percales, Cheviots and Madras Cloths, Negligee. Patterns made for us alone- no danger of everybody wearing your shirt. Making the -Very Best. roomiest shirts, more comfortable, neater and stronger than usual. Don't worry about which is best. YouCan't go Wrong on any Here. We have done all the worrying, comparing and inspecting, All Grades, $1.00, $1.25, $1.50, $1.75. Dollar Shirts in price only. Try to match them anywhere for $1.50. CALIFORNIA Is the land of perpetual sunshine, fruit and flow* ers,*and the best way to get there is to take the OnlyShasta Route From Portland, Oregon. Dining Cars, Pullman Sleepers, and an Trains leave Portland daily at 8:30 jk. For illustrated pa m phlets, maps, folders, etc., address, W. THE BOSTON" R. L. BEST St CO. Proprietors. E. COMAN, Q. P. A Portland, Oregon. Excessive Heat Fatal to Flies. A fly will lie motionless at a tem perature of freezing-point, begin to crawl at SS degrees, to buss and fly at 68 degrees us degrees of dry heat will usually kill a fly In a short time. Stars of Milky Way. The stars in the Milky Way are equally distributed in a uniform ring it) the heavens and are several times as bright as stars In other regions. M. PYE & CO Insure Anything Insurable When your friends ask you to go on their bonds, send them to us. Ws are General Agents tor the S. Fidelity and Ouaranty Company Beat on earth, and can bond them. PIONEER AQEHCY OPPIM PIMT NATIONAL BANK M.OOK New Salem Horse Market. Horses of all kinds constantly on hand. 500 head from which to make yonr choice. Can give you a bargin on oar lots. Also have for sale, registered Percheron, Shire, and Standard Bred Stallions—Can save you 100 per cent on this class JOHN WATSON, Prop., New Salem, N. D. ru. and 8:30 p. in., reaching San Francisco in less than 36 hours and Loe An geles 10 hours later. Portland to Los Angeles and Ret'n Thrwgh Car Bonta ST. PAUL AN0 MINNEAPOLIS ML/YORK, NEW ENGLAND, BOSTON, MONTREAL, QUEBEC, ONTARIO, MICHIGAN, NEW, BRUNSWICK, NOVA SCOTIA. TlnagfcSleepers ffiSitei i.MNNIMTfB, Omwfml MIISII, uiutfiv. Don't forget, If you want to take advantage of "Ladles Free" you must get your seats reserved before six m. next Monday at P— store. Western Stock Co. Atheneum all next week.