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2 I It' 81! "i i'f 4 To convince the east that there has been substantial industrial progress in the states to the west and on the Pa cific coast, the Great Northern has planned a quiet plan of education, one feature of which was an extended in vestigation of western resources re cently made by its own officials, the results of which have been compiled in a series of 400 photographs, each showing something that has been built, developed or discovered during recent years. General Advertising Agent Yerkes of the Great Northern has just returned from a trip of investigation which cov ered the main line of the system and its branches. He visited mines, farms, mills and factories and gathered an immense amount of information con cerning what has been accomplished and what it is proposed to do. This data, supplemented by the photographs secured by an expert who accompanied Mr. Yerkes throughout his trip, will be used in the form of special adver tising which will be distributed in sec tions of the east where it is possible to interest capital and to inform peo ple with an Interest in the west of what is actually being done. Prof of the has THE PROGRESS OF THE GREAT NORTHWEST General Advertising Agent Yerkes of the Great' Northern Visited the Mines, Farms, Mills and Factories of Northwest and Returns with 400 Photographs. Study West's Development. Within a few days after Mr. Yerkes' left for the west a second party of Great Northern officials, including the heads of the freight and traffic depart-1 ments, left on a special train to cover, practically the same ground and fort practically the same purpose. They1 studied the west to ascertain what hasj been accomplished and what its future is to be. The results more than satis. fled. They proved that from St. Paul through to the Pacific there is hardly a county that cannot contribute some kind of industrial or agricultural wealth and that in hundreds of locali ties where five years ago there was nothing but barren waste settlers have located, conquered natural obstacles and created enterprises which are pay ing them good returns. "Montana was the greatest surprise of all the western ^tates." said Mr. Yerkes. "They told me corn couldn't grow there, but I saw a field of 100 acres where corn stood higher than our heads and was well advanced to wards maturity. It was the first large cornfield in Montana and was not lo cated in a particularly favorable sec tion. That corn matured and was har vested. We found fields of oats that yielded 100 bushels to the acre. IRRIGATION RESULTS IN ITALY Canals of Great Cost Constructed for th Benefit of the Crops—Example to Our Atlantic States. Ki ro Prof Monf, of his observations there, Prof. Mead Elwood Mead, who has charge sana canal, completed in 1897, cost $1.- irrigation division of the de-i 500,000, and the list of new canals and partment of agriculture at Washington, the enlargement of old ones, costing been spending the summer in Italy, I from $250,000 to $1,000,000, is a sur studying the irrigation laws, methods I prisingly large one. and results in that country. Speaking "*ear'y a1' these Prof said: "Italy is a striking example of!farmers Instead of growing one crop a year,icanali three. The result is that it takes more panies. Water is usually bought byj people to cultivate the soil and more, the volume. One of these farmers' as., houses and barns have to be built sociations buys 1.29% cubic feet of land valued from o0 to oOO per cent I water per second. In selling this out above what they used to be, and the! to its members it gets the benefit of plain of Lombardy is the most densely the waste and seepage, which is caught populated section of Europe outside of up and sold over again, so the asso-, Denmark and Belgium. Milan, ^the ciatkm sella 1,800 cubic feet per sec-j chief city of that region, has about the same population as St. Louis, and, like Venice, owes everything to water. ond. bers. been promptly rebuilt, because, no} and manage the distribution of water matter who rules the country, men and among themselves. Count Cavour had horses had to be fed. and there was no much to do with working out the sys granary like the plains north of thejtem under which these associations Po river. are operated, and was the first presi "It is interesting to remember that! dent of the one at Vercelli, the largest irrigation in Italy is not a matter of! in northern Italy. The government of necessity, but of choice. The rainfall Italy does not build irrigation works of Lombardy and Piedmont is about but aids them in some cases by pay the same as that of Iowa. Irrigated ing the interest on their bonds in the and unirrigated farms grow exactly the earlier years of their operation. It also same kind of crops, with the exception I aids in the construction of important of rice and one or two others. Irri-! drainage works, and encourages good gation is used because more and larg er crops can be grown, and that differ ence has made it profitable to expend in the valley of this one river $100, 000.0000 in building canals, laterals, and drain ditches fof removing the sur plus surface water. "It Is not known certainly when this work began. The monks of Chaira valla, six miles from Milan, began watering their land in 1150, and are credited with introducing marcite, the most profitable crop in Italy, but the canals and the business organizations which have made the irrigation system of Italy the teacher of the rest of the world are leargely the creation of the past forty years. Among the works built during that time are the Cavour canal, which cost $17,000,000 and is the largest canal system in Europe. The Villonce canal, begun in 1884 and still being extended, has cost, with its laterals, about $6,000,000. The Marte- Confession of a Priest. Rev. Jno. S. Cox of Wake, Ark., writes, "For 12 years I suffered from Yellow Jaundice. I consulted a num ber of physicians and tried all sorts of medicines, but got no relief. Then I began the use of Electric Bitters and canals,' continued, Mead' are prlvate th nr nv works" Many.of .,nPfi »,v nssnrlatinns of or them are owned by associations or, and where the growing industrial value of owned by the government or by corn streams. The use of the river Po in panies the water is almost invariably irrigation has practically doubled the distributed by the irrigators them productive capacity of northern Italy. selves. They organize to run their when farmers are enabled to grow two or water at wholesale from the com-j the canals are ,)een they own it, or to buy, ,nto One association has 13,000 mem- The Po was a dry channel below! The stone and brick used in building, the dam of the Cavour canal when l|gine the wood, and much of the provisions' visited it Aug. 29, but a month spent used in the city are floated in from I in the fields talking to the farmers, the country on the canals, the total re-1 water masters, or canal owners, did ceipts for 1902 amounting to nearly' not disclose a single grievance. I at 200,000 tons. Although repeatedly des-' tribute this to two things: The con troyed in the wars of the Lombard trol of the streams by the state and league and later, they have each time the capacity of the farmers to organize 11 construction by the payment of prizes for the best work completed each year, js jn The example of Italy demonstrates what irrigation might do for the east-] em part of the United States," said Prof. Mead, "wherever a water supply can be had at a reasonable cost, as along both slopes of the Alleghanies, where streams have sufficient fall to enable the water to be taken out and distributes by gravit" Especially is this true of the south states, where an ample water sui would enable the people to take auvantage of their long hot summers by growing two crops of staples as well as vegetables. The increased revenue would more than pay for the investment. Irriga- tion is not only profitable in the arid regions of the United States, but! equally so in the older states, where farmers have depended upon the nat- BISMARCK DAILY TRIBUNE: TUESDAY, OCT. 20, 1803 Agriculture Developing. "We found other examples of agri cultural achievement that prove con clusively that the state has in its fields an even greater wealth than in the mines. Beyond this we found that the sentiment of the people is strongly to wards rapid development. They have push, energy and money. They them selves don't need any help from out side. but if outsiders want to make money, Montana can accommodate them. It Is a wonderful state, the more so because the actual conditions there are just becoming known. "All through the west we found mills going up, factories becoming productive and new enterprises being developed. The entire west seems to be a land of development and pro gress. At every point we ran into some one who was promoting some thing, developing something, building a factory or mill or breaking wild land to the plow. The strenuous life was the key of everything, and every en ergy seemed devoted to development. We gathered several hundred photo graphs. They prove the progress that is being made and we will send them out as evidence that Mr. Hill's old time predictions regarding the west are being fulfilled." THE LIGNITE COAL INDUSTRY (Continued from Page G.) surface of the earth, in a vein twelve feet thick. The extent of the deposit may be imagined, when it is taken as! a rule among operators that an inch of coal upon an acre of land will pro-1 duce 100 tons. As this vein is twelve feet through and 1,000 acres in ex-' tent, it will be seen there is a prac-1 tically inexhaustible supply of coal in the new field. Ninety days ago the gite of the new mine was on a 8 a hill in the center of a farming area *j0w two shafts Sxlti feet have gunk one ag the main shaft of the mine and the other as an air shaft, for the ventilation of the mine. Down sixty feet below the surface at the the main shaft These are l)ein (}ouble ghifted in order lhat the min may be ready for operation tain dista tbe ,n MORMONS AS IRRIGATORS. Secret of the Success of the Mormons, the Pioneer Irrigationists of Utah— Why they Have Clung Together in Harmony. The recent National Irrigation Con gress at Ogilen, Utah, directed atten tion to the remarkable system of iir'g.ition and community building found today in UtA. The bountifully yielding small irrigated farms of that sta'e have furnished a theme for many interesting articles. In fact the Mormon peopli have supplied a per ennial topic of discussion since they first came into prominence, half a centuiy ag i. Volumes have been written about them, while many other volumes might be filled with the magazine and uewspaper articles which have been published on the same subject. And yet of all that has beeu said the smallest possible pro- poi tion has touched the real secret of thfir power. It does not lie in their peculiar re ligious doctrine and practice, nor is it explained by the perfection of their organization or t7ie dour, nance of the ocracy in secular affairs, except as these have been incidental to the real ization oi Tiiiotner and much more substantial fact. The Mormons owe their success, I heir cons ant growth and enduring hold upon tneir people—in a single word, their power—to the fact that they are deeply rooted in the soil. From the moment that the firsi small party of pioneers lighted the first camp-fire by the banks of City Creek July i!7th, 1SP.», tneir policy has been to Set ,ope I main shaft, entries are being driven' included in the average, it is obvious the coa veins at rigiu angles to time tQ prevent any shortage of the fcnabIy ou two or7hlPep C°m supply of coal for consumers this win ter. As rapidly as the entries are driv-1 en along the original course to a cer-. nce, other entries are turned at right angles to them rooms widened out for the operation of miners, tracks laid and when the hoists are installed ne hoU8e has been erec No. 2 and it will be supplied with the same complete and modern machinery as Mine No. 1. The benefits of the ready been done cover ing the two and a half miles between the two mines, tracks have been laid so that the mines may be operated jointly, and the output be conveniently disposed of. The tracks at the old mine have been enlarged to accommodate sixty loads and sixty empties. A feature of the lignite deposits in these two mines is the thickness of the deposit, reaching twelve feet. The mines are dry, and the coal is easily worked. Experienced men can make excellent wages, and the rate of wages exces8 0 that paid in any lignite mine in the country, and in excess of the bituminous mine scales, farther east. With enough men to work the mines to their capacity, the Washburn company will put out 2,000 to 2,500 tons daily during the coming winter. The essential requirement is enough miners properly to work the miues. This the company is endeavoring to insure by installing every mining con venience, building and operating its own hotel, paying a liberal rate of wages, and, in short, sparing no e» pense that will put the two mines into the best condition. The expenditures of the Washburn q0&\ company, aggregating $400,000, are 0 ural rainfall. Chicago Record Her- native fuel, and they mean a develop ment of one of the state's greatest sources of wealth, bringing lignite coal into general use, and assuring the state an Income which shall grow with the coming years. feel that I am now cured of a disease that had me in its grasp for twelve years." IS you want a reliable medi cine for Kidney and Liver trouble, stomach disorder and general debilty, get Electric Bitters. Its guaranteed by P. C. Remington. Only 50c. incalculable value to the state of North Dakota They in8ure a )rompt and inexhaustible supply of Delegates should take a souvenir spoon of Bismarck. J. B. Cook & Co. have a fine line. possession of the laud and to make that land yield up to them, indi- I viditally and collectively, a living and a competence. True Homebuilding. Brigh.im oung and his successors down to the present hour have been guided by the true instinct of empire builders. They grasped at the begin- I ning. and luivc held throughout their I history, the great truth that the earth is the source of all wealth and that neither man nor communities can be poor or helpless so long as they' have firm foothold on the soil. I But this was only a p.irt their wis dom. The other part was the fart that they divided the land among a multitude of small proprietors. Ac cording to the census returns, the average farm in Utah is twenty-seven acres. As many large ranches were must havo boen many ^^hN ^the ^'not ample uncom|u(m ,Q ^ing com es, while some of the most famous families, like the Woodruffs, have lived for nearly two generations on a twentv acre place. Utah lies in a high altitude and northern latitude. It has real winter for several months in the year. Its js ready for work. An en-j growing season is not much longer ted at Mine than that of New England. How. then, can its people live and prosner on very small farms? The explanation is in a single experience at Mine No. 1 will be had word—irrigation. And irrigation is at Mine No. 2, and it will be the best' an endless miracle. It confers indus and completest mining plant for lignite coal in the country. Grading has al trial independence and social equality on communities that know how to live in accordance witli its laws. It has made the people of Utah rich, powerful and imprognable. In an eco nomic sense. Ii will do as much for tens of millions more in the next twenty-five years if it has a chance. Those who have been alarmed at the growth and persistence of the Mormon power, and have sought to curb it, apparently have no apprehen of the everlasting rock on which it is built. The Mormon church has been from the flisr a great scheme of co-opera tive colonisation. It has taken poor men and made them prosperous—con verted tenants into proprietors, tramps into taxpayers, hired men In to employers, and made the outcast a partner in store, factory and bank. And how has it done this? First, by knowing the value of our great public domain and proceeding to help itself to the wealth thereof, in strict accordance with the letter and the spirit of the law. Then, by dividing the land among those who use it and seeing that the landowner is also the owner of the water and of all the facilities of Its distribution. Fortunately for them, the pioneers and those who followed them were poor. No man was rich enough to ex ploit the mass. The work to be done was beyond the reach of individuals, and the only capital available was the brains and muscle of leadersand fol lowers. The capital was organized and employed in co-operation. It was the only way. And it won. The Mormon have grown steadily for nearly sixty years, and are grow ing today, because of their policy of Irrigation, co-operation and home making. ,vcr brought Northeast quarter Northeast quarter Northwest quarter Northwest quarter All of All of North half and southwest quarter.... Ea*t one-half North half and southwest quarter.... All of Southwest quarter Northwest quarter Northwest quarter Southeast quarter Northwest quarter West half and southeast quarter South one-half Ea."t ooo-tialf Reduction Clearance Sale of Furniture To make room for our fall stock, we are sweeping' reductions in prices on all our Furniture, Carpets and Draperies. Full Size Dressers $9.80. 3 Piece Chamber Suit, $19.00.. "And all other goods in proportion. tUT'We do undertaking in all its branches, and can furnish a lady assistant when desired. E. G. FIELD We have Stoves that will burn all night We are as fair as men can be If you don't believe it, come and see. That the patronizing public may know how well an equipped Hardware Store you have in the city of Bismarck, and how well you can be served in everything in our line, we invite you to call and look us over. HARE & FRENCH. Retaed Prices! Easy Tins! Description Sec. Twp range Acres Price making Third S3L Main Sis. Wc have just received the largest ship ment of Heating Stoves and Hot Air Furnaces to the city of Bismarck. We have Stoves both large and small We have Stoves that beat them all Wo have Stoves whose price is right so Ul XI uto 28 110 78 160 19 189 78 160 34 140 73 160 17 141 74 Mt 1» 140 74 60 21 140 74 4.S0 29 Terms: Ono half cash, balance 3 equal annual payments interest six percent or one-third cash, balance in five equal annual payment* at six per cent- If sold ou latter terms twenty-fivn cents per acre will be added to advertised purchase price. Tho under»ifrued offeri his remaining lands in RurleiKh. McLean, Kidder, Morton and Stark counties for sale at ttie above reduced ilffurus. These lands are early and dboice selections. Parties l(HkiiiK (or lands in the vicinity may save from three to five dollars per acre by e*amin int: and comparinK soil, location and prices with what owners and agents ask for adjoiniuic and adjacent properties. Advertised prices are net to ownor. FRANK 8. ALLEN, NTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENCE SCHOOLS $4.50 i£ G.50 5.50 6.(10 K.(I0 6 00 6 110 6.25 6 on 7.00 K.50 Ylll) .voo 8.50 5.00 5.00 140 74 330 35 140 75 480 21 14J 75 tv0 S 139 76 160 25 142 79 100 L'5 143 79 160 8 139 160 6 139 99 160 3t 143 7* 4H0 0 134 TJ 320 17 13* 72 320 864 Broad Street, Newark, N. J. Chicago and the East St Lonb and the South SCRANTON. PA. J.C. Holley BISMARCK, N.