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Ihe §i$marrit Iribuitr,
By M. H. JEWELL. THE DAILY THlIll'NE. "Published every iifiernoon. «'X-o|it Sun day, at Hlstiiarek. North Dakota, Is ilellv ereij ly carrier to nil parts of the city at 60 cents per month*, or 16 per year. The dally xent to any adrtrexs in the United States and Canada, postage prepaid, $fi per year $3 for six monthx $1.50 for three months. THE WEEKLY TRIBUNE. Published every Friday ei^ht rages, ooutalnlntr a Huinuiury of the news of the week—local and foreign—particular atten tion being paid to state news. Sent to any address, postage paid, for $1.00 for one year 50 cents for six months 25 cents for three months. The Bismarck Tribune Is the oldest newspaper in the state-established June 11, 1873. It has a wide circulation aud Is desirable advertising medium. Being published at the capital of the state It makes a feature of state news, of a semi official character, and is therefore particu larly interesting to all who desire to keep the run of state affairs—political, social and business. WORK OF RECLAMATION SERVICE The first annual report of the gov ernment reclamation service, issued by Prof. Newell, the chief of the bureau, shows that work has been carried on|cepUonal in the following states and territories. Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho,' contemplated irrigation projects, on|it June 28 in the states of Nevada, Cali-, moisture the sub-humid belt extends up toward the foot hi Is of the Rocky I mountains while ln dry years the en-1 tire region west of the Missouri river' annual fr.fall Is 20 irches o- less.1 °an A considerable section of the western part of North Dakota is included in the semi-arid belt. A portion of President Roosevelt's! message is quoted in the report. «n! Jitter of which it is stated that it is as much1 President Roosevel: also points out the danger of granting perpetual water rights to other than users, and says that "a few of the western states have already recognized this and have incorporated in their constitu tions the doctrine of perpetual state ownership of the water." North Da kota is one of these states. The following statement of work that has been done in North Dakota is made in the report: In North Dakota irrigation has not played a conspicuous part. The east em part of the state is humid or sub humid, and the western unsettled por tion reaches into the borders of 'he arid region. Farming is carried on extensively east of the Missouri river, crops being usually successful, the percentages of failure Increasing to ward the wectern part of the state. Beyond the Missouri river the coun try is at present devoted mainly to stock raising. There are a number of valleys where Irrigation Is practiced In a small way, and where by means of water storage it can be increased as necessity arises. The largest source of water supply is the Missouri river. This Is bounded throughout n.ost of its course by bluffs, at the foot of which are occas ional fringing vailey lands. Most of these lands are suAclently humici to produce good crops, and irrigation has not been absolutely essential. The illversion of water from the Missouri in a small way at least. Is practically impossible, since the fall at the rlv er is very Utile, being less than that of the ordinary irrigating canal To divert water from the Missouri river a gravity caual must head in Montana where the grade of the rIt er is greater than in North Dakota. A preliminary survey has been made showing that such diversion on the norih side of the river might possibly be made to reach some ol the lands along the stream, but would be very expensive a detailed survey must be made to settle that fact. While the Missouri may possibly not be utilized by gravity, it is be lieved that some of its water can be employed advantageouslv by pumping. There are tl'roughout North Dakota vast areas of impure coal, or lignite it may be possible to utilize this lig nite in ihe creation of cheap power The total area irrigated in North ^anota in 1899 was 4,872 acres, only 57 acres of which were reported as being watered by means of wells. In 1889 there were irrigated in all only 445 acres. Settlement is rapidly In creasing in the western or arid por tion of the Slate, and there has been a succession of years favorable to agriculture, so that the new corners are encouraged in their efTorts. If, however, these years should be ex- ag Kansas, Montana, Nevada, Oregon,^ „reat suffering and hardships from Washington and Wyoming. Some °f the failure of crops. It will be remem this work is only in the nature of: j)ere(^ that in these state a wave of preliminary survey and estimate. It, settlement advanced toward the west is interesting to note that while the^„rjng period of unusual summer national irrigation law was passed on as rpgardg the amonnt of mojstllre available, there will result, jn ^re8^ern Kansas and Nebraska, rainSi an(j June 17, last year, lists of lands were jer (0 individuals, following the return submitted for withdrawal, under. t0 fornia, Arizona, Colorado, Utah and jn irrigation, do not appreciate its ne Wyoming, showing that in these cessity, later there may be an urgent states there was an immediate move! demand for its speedy introduction. to take advantage of the provisions of The way in which this can be done the irrigation law. Prof. Newell includes in the arid regions of the United States, as gen allv designated about two fifths of the entire area ol the country. A broad, intermediate belt between the humid lands and the distinctly arid lands is designated as the sub-humid or semi-arid belt, and this belt ex tends over North Dakota, South Dako ta, western Nebraska, part of Kansas and Texas. In years of excessive ery retreated, with great disas- natural climatic conditions. Thus is ln WeStern at be Preva,,ed 18 works for waterstorage as to make! commonwealth. The St. Louis useful the rivers and harbors in the "XP°8i °n, humid regions by engineering worts I *P,ay **h* of another kind. The president stated that the government should con struct and maintain these reservoirs as it does other public works. It is this feature of the irrigation law that appeals to North Dakota. Th^e a re or it on in reservoirs and building dams, either on the Missouri or smaller streams that should not be overlooked. vanced or the North Dakota while present the settlers, inexperienced e®ort to make a success- Une OD the other hand favor an appropriat'on .-in The arid reeions 'or the 11 now °PP°ses a .vCe of the «»»,.' upon t0 1 North Dakota more space than Gov- Wi ", the„ It seems that originally we were alot ted 02x90, but now is proposed to cut this down. While our appropria tion is but $50,000 we are a part of the great Louisiana Purchase, the wonderful development of which this ... *1™ senate being taken up with the state-1 the, space and 11 require8 tt, BISMARCK DAILY TRIBUNE. THURSDAY, NOVBMBBB 19. 1908. COURT FILES DECISION. certain assumed agreement for a loan was usurious, examined and found correct. One made written application for a loan from M, and in such applica- to be used ii. pumping the waters of "on appointed agent his attorney the Missouri river on a large scale. in fact This matter is under investigation, gage in case failed to do so. There preliminary work being begun during the summer of 1902. I application accepted by .. M. Held that such power of attorney M. H. Brennan and Burke & Mid daugh. for appellant. 1 successfully is not at first obvious, and will require very careful consid eration of methods and cost. NORTH DAKOTA MUST ASSERT HERSELF. Fargo Call says that The hood and Panama bills. Senator Mc- ernor Bartlett, of our commlsison, re-j Cumber has had the assurance from' ports has been allotted to us. It is the leaders of both houses that the quite apparent that the Northwest is bill would pass this year and is of the opinion that the money will become, 1 moments consideration to convince object of the school as stated by Mr. the citizen of this state that a space McCumber is to furnish a school where 30x45 is entirely beneath the dignity the boys of the various Indian tribes of this commonwealth. The St. Louis j„ North and South Dakota. Montana, exposition will be the most stupen-' the duty of the national government """l" ^'.'"77" oojeci 01 me scnoo. a* u, "-selling an imported French cherry to make the streams and rivers of the this state that a space McCumber is to furnish a school where that contains adulterations, and L. A. arid region useful by engineering J. 5° ,y the boys of the varlous lndian ln North moSt advancement pivili9fltiAn onn tno MannrnAa aF qvai^v civilization and the resources of every part of the world ever conceived by man and North Dakota ought to be properly represented. We have the I material and we have the inclination all that is now needed Is to bring suf ficient pressure to bear on the man agement to grant us reasonable space. exposition is expected to especially The boys showed an aptitude for study typify and we must make a proper Didn't Know His Own County. Mandan Pioneer: Juror Tucker of Oien Ullin was asked by Attorney Register in court, how long he had lived in Morton county? "I don't know where Morton county is," was the reply. The state gave him the benefit of a peremptory challenge. The Linton Train. For the benefit of inquirers It is stated that the Linton train leaves Mandan at 6 a. m. on Mondays, Wed nesdays and Fridays. It will run be tween Mandan and McKenzle as an extra, and will do switching at the stations en route. It will leave Mc Kenzie at 1 p. m. and arrive at Lin ton at 4 p. m. Returning on Tuesday,1 Thursday and Saturday it will leave Linton at a. m. and reach McKenzle at 10 a. m., When connection can be made with No. 3, or the passengers and South Dakota. Montana, Wy°m,ng' Nebraska- Kansa*- Iowa"! of Minnesota and Wisconsin, may be a. atI(j were showing. We cannot do it in a space taught, but almost invariably upon re of 20x45 feet. A combined effort must be made and our commission should be backed by the energetic and dip lomatic efforts of our leading citizens. There can be no delay. Better that we remain away from the exposition than accept the insigrilflcant space allotted. Pasture Going to Waste. ~~Prof. Thomas Shaw calls attention to the enormous amount of excellent pasture he saw going to waste while passing through the country east ofj( the Missouri In North Dakota recently. While there are some portions of the. range country sadly over-pastured, it j, is true that vast stretches of the most Supreme Court Hands Down Decision in Caae of Brown vs. Skotland. The supreme court has handed down a decision in the case of William H. brown, appellant, vs. Theodore Skot land. administrator of the estate of Thomas Halvorson, deceased, et ai., respondents. I valuable pa*t Ire in the world is never The syllabus is as follows: touched in Iwth North and South Da A finding by the trial court that a vcota. The reason for this seems to to execute a note and mort- after died before the loan was ad" be largely that most of this unused pasture Mes too near settlements, orj scattered settlers, to make it available for turning on large herds of cattle without constant watching. We be-| lieve. however, with Prof. Shaw, that farmers in the more thickly settled sections just east of this land, could do well to club together and take out! bunches of cattle made up from the small farm herds and pasture them was terminated by the death of H, it here from four to six months to good not being a power coupled with an advantage. It would not be necessary' interest. The trial court ordered judgment in favor of the defendant for costs. Held, that the awarding of costs was discretionary and that such discretion was properly exercised. Judgment was ordered canceling the note and mortage which were ex ecuted by M's agent assuming to act not error. Appeal from district tineau couty Morgan J. power of attorney. Held. court. Bot- for permanent yards or sheds to be put up—a tent or small portable cabin would do for the one in charge, and a roomy portable wire net yard could easily and cheaply be arranged for. If the undertaking was sufficiently large to warrant it. a covered wagon would do for the herder and the not necessarily expensive team to go with it. could be utilized to move the fence when change of range required it. to go after supplies, etc. Nor need these cattle be loaded onto trains to get Action by William H. Brown against them to and from these pastures It Theodore Skotland, et al., to fore close a certain mortgage upon real property. From a judgment in favor of defendant Skotland. plaintiff ap peals. Affirmed. seems to us that we farmers an'l stockmen are all too ready to load things into cars in these modern times. A hundred or so miles can, before the crops get too far advanced, be covered by young or thin stock with little trouble on foot. If care- Albert Besancon and B. G. Skulason, fully driven by one a little experienced for respondents. in handling stock, they need not fall Opinion by Fisk, district judge, sit- away in flesh, rather should gain, and ting in place of Morgan J., who tried the cost of driving them need nc* I case in district court. much, if any, exceed that of herding the same length of time. Many of SUGGESTS AN INDIAN COLLEQb. these would doubtless be shipped di I rect from the range to the market, oenator McCumber Introduces a Bill either as beef or feeders, but those For the Establishment of an Indian returning to the farms would find good College at Wahpeton. pasture all the way back, and passing On Tuesday of last week Senator1 over long stretches of stubble fields It was McCumber introduced a bill in the would doubtless gain in flesh on the not an advocate for an appropriation' senate for the establishment of an way. To be sure most of these lands for the St. Louis exposition In the Indian agricultural college or school are no longer free but a very nominal first place, but inasmuch as it was at Wahpeton, North Dakota. The bill amount In many parts would secure made It now favors putting forth ev-, carries with it an appropriation of the use of them for the season. If North Dakota's ex-' $100,000 which is to be used as a ail pasture necessary could be secured The Bismarck Trlb^ starter for the school, and the pur- on one range, the portable wagon and chasing of a suitable site. This is yards would enable the stock to Worlds' Fair but practically the same bill that was in-j utilize a number of pieces to advan- display from this state traduced at the last session, but failed tage both to themselves and the lh, «m. Prosecutions Begun. Pure Food Commissioner Ladd has fl)ed it has been shown that if prdperly in- market, and whatever fine Is imposed structed they will make good farmers. comparatively easy to he turned to their former condition of indolence. Those who entered busi ness or professional lines were dis satisfied and soon returned to their tribes, and having no work to their taste, soon returned to the semi-savage state of their fathers, depending upon the government for support. On the other hand the few boys that have been instructed at some agricultural colleges have gone back to their reser vations and taken up lands and are now among the most prosperous farm ers of the country. It is believed by students of the Indian nature and habits that his energies are direct ed in the right direction and the tribal 1 relations broken, that he will make a good and industrious citizen, and that his proper field for the present is ln agricultural pursuits. Some good grain yields are reported from Richland county. Charles. 9hel8 an G. B. a njnety-acre Barnes threshed field which returned e,ghty bu8helg an acre of Mta complaints against two merchants of Grand Forks county, charging them with selling adulterated articles. L. available the first of July next. The1 stern, of Larimore, is charged with tr,be8i Brooks thc with seUinK same city, is charged Minnesota Favorite" cat. also adulterated, according to the anayl8ia made of the l« _____ sent to receive an education and In- Professor Ladd. Complaints were made structed in the art of farming. In a against the merchants before Judge recent interview the senator stated McLoughlin. of Grand Forks, and the that experience has proven that the merchants will be given a hearing in Indian is not adapted by nature to, that court. A wholesale house hand business or mechanical pursuits. By )|nfr the brand of cherries complained nature he prefers an outdoor life an 11 ()f two articles by y,as ordered all of this stock off the W||| Thotisands of Indian boys have been terated catsup was sold by a Twin sent to eastern schools and taught jobbing house. languages, bookkeeping and kindred subjects with an idea that they would jp THF iV\Rv TF rtrniNO TEETH enter the business pursuits of life. n„ paid by the jobbers. The adul- _. ,, .. t_. Be sure anri thai ola and well-tried reme(j.. Mrs winslow's Soothing Synip, for children reething. It sooinrs (he child, softens t.he gums, a!l:\ysj all turning to their homes they have re- rjaini cures wind colic and is the best remedy for diarrhoea. Twenty-five rents a bottle Low Rates East via "Northwestern Line.' During November and until De cember 15th, round trip rate of fare and one third on certificate plan, will be in effect over the Northwestern line from Bismarck, N. D., to Chicago,' Milwaukee, Des Moines, Omaha, Sioux City, Kansas City and all intermed-! iate points. Tickets will be -good to' return until and including April 15. I 1904. Be sure to specify "North- MtEtcrn Line" when purchasing tickets and secure certiflctaes from your home agent to insure reduced rate returning. For any information j( as to rates, etc., address A. M. Fen I ton, traveling agent. Grand Forks, N. D. Leathert has just threshed a flax field,Round Trip St Paul or Min whlch returned him twenty-six bu-! neapolia to Chicago. I Via tht Chicago Great Western i: Railway. Tickets on sale Nov. 29th to Dec. tit, inclusive, good to return until Doc. Tth, on account of the Inter- Some of the Ashley people are said national Live Stock Exposition at Chl- can come on the regular Linton train, not to regret the conviction and five cago. For further particulars apply which will reach Mandan during the years sentence for Andrew Schlabsz, to J. P. Elmer, G. P. A., C. G. W. Ry. afternoon, as switching duties at Bis-1 on® of the men Implicated in the mur- Chicago, 111. marck and McKenzle will permit. It der of Chris Rott of Kulm. Schlabsz it is little over 44 miles from McKen- is gaid to have been of a very quarrei zie to Linton. some and domineering disposition. Have you read Grambs ft Wolbert's ad? Don't get left. C. B. LITTLE, T. P. JUIMPER P. W. PARSONS, Trustees Michelson Mercantile Co. STORES AT BISMARCK AND WILTON Stocks Large and Complete ARE NOW GOING AT Attractive Cash Prices Every Possible Inducement Patronage A!Prescription Guaranteed to Keep you Comfortable in Cold Weather $10.00 to Tenpiraturi Still Going Down? TRY SUIT TREATMENT, gets nearer to you than overcoats, and comes at attractive prices. Good sorts marked. Your Temperature Gone Down Far as it Can? No! Try our good warm underwear—all kinds, styles and grades. Per garment OUC $£e\JU There, we have made yru comfortable at last, and you'll stay so all winter. Pocket book isn't hurt much either, is it? It L. *BEkS?T AND HOT AIR FURNACES Ever brought to the City of Bicmarek. We have STOVES both large and small We have STOTES that beat them all We have STOVES whose price $ 4 4 $ Offered for Your Is Your Temperature Going Down? TRY OVERCOAT TREATMENT, guaranteed cure for cold, taken in small, medium or long doses. All sorts of good overcoats at from miauiccu $30 $22 ..$10.00 to CO. (®L First Rational BonJt "Block BISMAUCK, /fOTtTH DAKOTA Wt have just received the largeet ehlpment of HEATING STOVES is patronizing public may know how well an equipped HARD WARE STORE you have in the city of Bismarck, and how well you can be served in everything in our line, we invite you to call and look us over. Hare&French Our rail Stook of LUMBER AND BUILDING MATERIAL right We have STOVES that will burn all night We are as fair as men can be If you don't believe it, come and see IS COMPLETE. Full Stock Storm Sash Just Received Bismarck & Washburn Lumber Co. K«»t Main Str**t. Good Idea you have Invented somech Ing—useful, novel, new— Ad It la patentable, It will be woll not to overtook tbe fact thy there la good money In patented devices If properly promoted. The first thing an Inventor should do is to aacertain If bis Invention la new and patentable. 11. H. Jewell, of the Bismarck Tribune, who is a regularly registered patent attorney, will attend to all patent matters that may be intrusted to his care.