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PRESIDENT HAS STARTED WORK SENSE OF SECURITY ENVELOPES THE CAPITOL CITY OF NIC ARAGUA. ESTRADA IS STILL FIGHTING MADRIZ SAYS HE REALIZES RE- SPONSIBILITIES AND DANG- ERS OF POSITION. Zelaya Is Now On Board a Mexican Battleship American Cruiser Re fused to Salute Deposed President —Man Stabbed for Shouting "Vivi Madriz." Bv Associated Press.! Managua, Dec. 25.—Jose Santos Zelaya, fhe ex-president of Nicara gua, has taken himself out of the count-y and is now aboard the Mex ican gunboat. General Guerrero, and is bound for Salina Cruz. Under the cover of darkness Thurs day morning Zelaya, accompanied by a heavily armed guard, proceeded to Corinto, in which port the 'Mexican iwarship had been lying for several days, close to the United States pro tected cruiser, Albany. Other (Amer ican warships swung anchor in the harbor, with marines aboard', lazily awaiting instructions. Zelaya's coming was unheralded, but a guard from the Guerrero receiv ed him and he soon was safe under the protection of the Mexican flag. Where Has That Button Gone? A button gone off the front of your negligee shtirt—not another in the house that iwill .match the other®—no time to sew one on anyway. What an annoyance! Why not patronize a Taumdiry that sows on lost buttons, fixes nip bursted button holes, and keeps lycur limen Ini perfect repair at all times—and free of charge? Ours is such a laundry. Enjoy the service— Send us your "work. Reade & Stevenson Laundry Phone 220 120 Sixth St. At 5 o'olcck in the afternoon the war ship .weighed anchor and pointed out to sea. A salute of thirteen guns were fired from the shore, and hun dreds of sailors and citizens 'waived the former dictator a farewell from the beaieh. Zelaya stood alone and waived back in answer. ^e uncover ed his head when abreast of the Amer ican cruiser, 'but .she 'made no re sponse. Then he turned again to wiaard the shore, gazing until out of sight. Shortly before the arrival of Ze laya at Corinto, the United States gunboat, Princeton got up steam and proceeded for San Juan Del Soir. The rumor spread that the Prince ton intended to watch the movement of the Mexican gunboat, hut she (pro ceeded directly down the coast and her arrival at htr destination was later reported, greatly relieving the anxiety of the Zehivan adherents. Manragunas in general .were greatly relieve.1 when they learned that Ze laya had gone and President Mladriz has already begun his promised work of reform. Ail reports that Madris intends to resign the presidency are without a shred of truth. He, himself, announc ed that h" accepted the office only after a mature consideration of the opportunity the position gave him to bring about harmony and peace in Xiearagua and also of the dangers which attended his acceptance. He is willing to face the dangers, he says, in order to save the country. iNews of the overwhelming victorv won by Estrada at Rama has now rer.irhed the ears of all in Managua, as 'well as the report that the revolu tionary forces will soon be marching in this direction. •But Estrada is as yet along dis tance off and the hope is held, that before the men reach the capital, a settlement satisfactory to all sides, might be arranged. Francisco iBaca, of Leon, the home town of President Madriz, has hsen appointed minister general in plac3 of Dr. Julian Mas, who resigned. Irias, who at one time was spoken of for the presidency, has deemed it advisalble to withdraw himself from public notiice as he became very unpopular when the demonstrations against Zelaya were at their height. A dispatch received here todiay from' Rivas says that a man who shouted "Vtvi Madriz" was stabbed to death by three soldiers. Managua, Dec. 25.—Zelaya was en tertained at luncheon at Corinto by the late commandant of the port, whose guests included the Mexican minister and the officers of the gen eral Guerrero. There were no toasts but an informal discussion of the bat tle of Rama was indulged in. Zelaya expressed the fear that President Madriz would not he able to cope with the situation, as he was not a military man. He said that the army of the government had been reduced to skeletons by priva tions due to the failure of the new administration to forward rations, and he -was glad that the army bad surrendered, as a great loss of life was thus averted. At 2:30 in the afternoon, the ex president was taken off on a launch and put aboard the Mexican warship without the slightest opposition from the American ships and no protest of any kind. Until the general Guer rero steamed away there was great apprehension on the part pf Zelaya that the United States would oppose his departure. There was only a feeble demonstration, and the leave- The Minneapolis Heat Regulator Consists of a ThermostQLt (or mechanical ther mometer) a to and two cells of Open Circuit BaLttery. EASILY INSTALLED Books of plain directions in Detail with each Regulator. THE THERMOSTAT is located in the living room at an average tempera ture point. All other parts of devica are located in basement. The Ther. mostat regulates by a* temperature change of one degree. Made with or without TIME ATTACHMENT Point of Temperature Control may be changed instantly at the Thermostat without going to the basement. TWENTY-FIVE YEARS ON THE MARKET. PROVEN A SUCCES8 GUARAN. TEED. Booklet on Request. I G.W. WOLBERT HARDWARE CO. Agents for Bismarck, N. D. llllllIlllllllllllllHIRIIlllli FJ taking of Zelaya was unimpressive. No speeches were made, but a mili tary band played a few airs in a hall nearby. The American officers ashore spent most of the time making snap shots of what appeared to be a very peace ful scene POLICE INTERFERE. St. Louis, Dec. 25.—In a fifteen min ute handicap wrestling match here tonight, Frank Gotch failed to throw Con O'Kelly, champion of Ireland. Dr. Roller and Raoul De Rouen wrestled fifteen minutes without a fall. The. police refused to permit James J. Jeffries to put on gloves to box with Sam Berger. EXPECTED THAT JUNES WILL PLEAD GUILTY Fargo, X. D., Dec. 25.—If a report which was receive,! from- Rugfby, N. D. this morning is correct, Andy Jones, Xorth Dakota's unique representative of high financing, will offer no resis tance when his case is called for trial on Jan. 5 in the United States court. A definite rumor that he will enter a plea of guilty has gone out from Rugby, which is verified 'by certain ci'rcumstances here. When asked concerning the mat ter this noon, Judge Engerud, leading noumsel for Jones, stated that he knew nothing concerning such a re port. He declined to make any state ment concerning the matter, neither affirming or denying it. The Jones casn will b« flan first cue called when the federal petit jury convenes in Fargo the first week in January. Thorough preparation has been made by the government to proseoute this action, the first on the calendar. Special Agent Proctor, an expert accountant, has been engaged on the "books of the Rugby Nlationa'l bank for the ipast two months and has filed dSata with the department said to ibe the most complete ever made in a case of a similar nature. All the books and records of the defunct bank are held in the office of the United States district attorney, where tfhey have been since the gov ernment took a band in the 'affair, following the closing of the doors of the institution. No effort has been 'viade by attorneys for Jones to review rhe bank books, not more than, an hour 'having been spent there in the search of faiats and figures. Attorney W. B. Purcell of W.alhpeton, who is ar.qoeiateifl with Judge Engerud in the defense, has spent no time here on the case, so far as can be learned. It ws anticknated that an application would be made by tihe defense for ac cess to the book* a large iiortion of the time, /but such wias not the case. 'Mere interest is centered in the Jones iclase than any action in the federal ccmrt here for years. When the adjourned term Is formally open ed the eyes of the state wiM center on Fargo, where the history of the Rugby man 'will be aired. DEPOSED PRESIDENT fContinued from naare l.'H removal and was one of the most prominent residents of Greenwich. The report of the investigation of the insurance department of New York to District Attorney Wm. T. Jerome of New York declared that the com pany had for years evaded an official investigation at Sheldon's dictation and that by consent of the directors he had pledged the securities of the company for loans. Sums aggregat ing $250,000 had been loaned, it was charged, to former officers of the state insurance department. Sheldon it was further alleged, had over drawn his salary and had used the company's funds in speculation. Sheldon was born in New York 62 years ago and was a graduate of Yale. In 1888 he was elected presi dent of the Phenix (Fire) Insurance company of Brooklyn. A widow and two sons survive him. How Welshwomen Carry Their Babies. The quaint old Welsh way in which Swansea women carry their babies at tracts every one's notice wheu visiting that town for the first time. A big shawl over the right shoulder Is drawn down to the left hip, where the two ends of the shawl arc met and held together, forming a sort of pouch or pocket, in which the baby snuggles cozily and safely. Its weight is so supported by the hip and distributed by thfc shawl over the whole upper part of the body that there is no strain at all nor any tiring of the arms. This probably accounts for the upright car riage of the Welsh mother. Moreover, the method is comfortable for the child and so safe that in Swansea small b03's swathed in their mothers' shawls are seen carrying the family's latest baby.—London Chronicle. An Easy Job. Is antebellum days Colonel Moore of Kentucky owned a large number of •laves. One day one of the field hands, named Jape, was guilty of some neg ligence and was sent to the woods at once to cut down and split up a black gum tree, practically an impossible task. Jupe cut down the tree and la bored bard to split the tough wood, but in Tain. In the meantime a thun derstorm came up, and Jupe sought refuge under a brush heap. Directly the lightning struck a large poplar near by, splitting it Into kindling wood. After the storm had passed Jupe crawled out from his place of security and after taking a careful look at the remains of the poplar tree, which were scattered all over the woods, said: "Mr. IJghtnin', I wish yon had Just tried yo' ban' on dls black gum. Any blame fool can split a poplar!"—Cleve land Leader. -•£*& BISMARCK DAILY TRIBUNE, SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 26, 1909. TO LESSEN MINE DANGERS. Safety Devices Suggested by John Mitchell, Former Coal Miner. "Coal mining is the most hazardous Industry iu America." John Mitchell, vice president of the Americun Federation of Labor, who for nearly ten years wns president of the United .Mine Workers and who himself WHS a digger of coal from the time he was thirteen years old until be attained the age of twenty-flve years, made this statement in com menting on the disaster at the mine of the St. Paul Coal company at Cherry. 111., on Nov. 12. in which nearly 300 men lost their lives. Mr. Mitchell suggests several safety devices. One is the installation of tel ephone systems in mines. Another is the laying of pipes throughout the gal leries and workings through which air or liquid food could be pumped in case of accident. A third suggestion IS that mines be fitted with air tight compart ments communicating with the surfuce which would serve as havens of refuge in case of disaster. The Cherry mine disaster had its ori gin in a pile of hay used to feed mules stationed in the mine. A careless min er threw a torch upon it, and the tim bers of the mine later caught fire. "Of course these calamities always suggest means by whicb lives thus lost might have been saved," said Mr. Mitchell. "If coal mines were equip ped with telephones throughout their workings it would be possible for men entombed to let those on the outside know the location of the place hi which they were gathered, or at least to let them know what was then* condition. And thus the work of rescue would be greatly aided. "If mines were equipped in all their galleries with pipes through whicb compressed air could be forced the needed oxygen could be supplied. And in like manner it would also be pos sible to supply food, at least food in liquid form, to sustain life for a few days. No mines are equipped with such devices as these, and my sug gestion is not directed to the Cherry mine alone. "A very simple device which would be of advautage in all mines In the event of fire, explosion or any other accident which would cut off egress to the main shaft would be the building of a number of compartments, each large enough for a hundred or more men to gather in. so arranged that the doors could be closed, making them ah* tight. If these compartments were connected with air pipes to the surface they would be havens of safety for great numbers of men billed hi mines, not by explosions themselves, but by the afterdamp that always accumu lates after explosions. This la done In European mines and has been the means of saving large numbers of men entombed through fire or explo sion." NATIONAL CORN SHOW. Features of Exposition of Grains to Be Held at Omaha, Nob. From Dec. 6 to 18 the National Corn exposition will draw to Omaha. Neb., thousands of persons interested in good husbandry. Last year fourteen agricultural colleges sent exhibits and delegations to tbe show and about thirty states were represented. Nearly 50,000 ears of corn and approximate ly 1,000 samples of the smaller grams were displayed also a large number of farm implements. This year the department of agricul ture will exbibit samples of tbe lead ing cereals, embracing all those im ported during the last few years. The origin of each variety will be noted as well as its value and the region to which it is best adapted. Specimens illustrating tbe effect on grams of smut, rusts and other injurious fun gous diseases complete the exhibit. While exhibits from many states-will give an idea of the corn grown in dif ferent sections under favorable condi tions, tbe department of agriculture will have samples showing corn grown under average conditions in every state in the Union. This collection shows what the plant was before It was cul tivated and tbe successive stages of Its development. Orchard on State Reservation. The Indiana forestry commission is making arrangements to plant a large orchard on the state reservation, nine miles south of Scottsburg. Tbe com mission heretofore has confined its at tention to the cultivation and produc tion of only the valuable woods for use in crossties, cabinet work and building. The new scheme will be a means of testing the hardihood of the various varieties of fruit trees, and it will also show whether the knobs can be used to advantage in tbe production of fruit New Cod Bank. A new "cod bank" hi tbe gulf of St. Lawrence, off the west coast of New foundland, bas been discovered by tbe Canadian government survey ship Eli nor. Tbe new bank is situated about twenty-five miles northwest from Point Riche (the northwest point of Ingor nachoix bay) and is reported to be about twenty-eight miles long and ten to twelve miles wide. The least depth of water over the bank is said to be •bout eighteen fathoms. Cod are re ported to be in abundance. Paris Apaches' Trained Dogs. Tbe newest pest of tbe Paris subur ban districts is the "Apache dog," which is taught by its masters to jump at lonely pedestrians and bite them while tbe hooligan rifles the vic tim's pockets. It appears that, taking a hint from the police methods, the Apaches have recently trained several animals of the same breed as the po lice dogs to attack policemen and oth ers. I PUBLIN American Women Superior toAll Others. J» J» By MARIE CORELLI. English Author. J» J» GET TO SHINE. HE AMERICAN WOMAN SPARKLES AND SCINTILLATES LIKE A DIAMOND WHERE MANY WOMEN OF OTHER NATIONS, BEAUTIFUL JEWELS IN THEIR WAY, FOR- England's golden youth, whose gold is sometimes apt to be rather scarce, are always ready to fall pros- trate at the feet of every American heiress, but we must give them credit occasionally for FALLING VICTIMS MUST TO THE« CHARM OF HER AMERICAN PERSONALITY without her dollars, for the charm is always there. It varies according to condi tions and surroundings, but it is never entirely absent. THE AMERICAN WOMAN IS NOT QUITE LIKE OTHER WO MEN. THE SAME HEART, THE SAME EMOTIONS, MOVE HER AS MOVED OUR MOTHER EVE, BUT THEY MOVE HER DIFFERENTLY. SHE IS ABSOLUTELY ORIGINAL. SHE IS A COMPOSITE OF NEW ETHEREAL VIBRATIONS. She is not the daughter of an ancient kingdom rich in history,, literature and tradition, which felt the hand of the Roman conqueror before the Christian era. She has arisen, as it were, SUDDENLY AND MIRACULOUSLY, like Venus from the foam of the sea. She is the OFFSPRING OF THE LAND OF LIBERTY, a, young country teeming with the impetuous rush of untried ideas, and? as such she is ALWAYS FASCINATING, ALWAYS DEEPLY^ INTERESTING. Individuals In Corporations Are Responsible For Doings of Combines*. By WOODROW WILSON. President of Princeton University. N our modem economic life men are in gigantic groups, and! each feels that his CONSCIENCE IS POOLED. The great danger is that men think they can compound their con scientious icruples on the ground that they CANNOT MOVE INDEPENDENTLY UNDER PENALTY OF BEING CRUSHED. It was easier in the simpler age, when the individual could act ac cording to his choice. THE LAW HAS SHIRKED ITS DUTY WHEN IT ATTEMPT8 TO PUNISH CORPORATIONS. IT 18 AN IDLE UNDERTAKING AND WIL NEVER BE SUCCESSFUL. THE ONLY RESPONSIBILITY TO WHICH 80CIETY HAS NEVER RESPONDED 18 THE INDIVIDUAL. THE LAW MU8T FIND THE INDIVIDUAL IN THE MODERN CORPORATION IF IT DESIRES TO CHECK THE EVIL8 OF THE BU8INES8 WORLD, EVEN THOUGH FINE8 ARE NOW PILED HIGH IN THE TREASURY. Every great age has been characterized by an indomitable indi vidual, and every turning point of the world has been pivotal on some one man. WE DIE SEPARATELY, NOT BY CORPORA TIONS, and every man must live privately, and a most uncomfort able existence it is. Business Heads of Future Must Be Highly Trained* By CHARLES W. ELIOT, President Emeritus of Harvard University. *^t TflTEANS of communication have changed utterly in the past few years and have affected more than the transportation. I of goods, as the change has affected man in his relations with men. The merchant of today is in constant touch with those at the East India ports. HE KNOWS WHAT AND WHEN TO BUY AN WHEN TO SELL, and when his ship leaves port for home he can sell for future delivery, and the effect is the elimination of many risks. The trader of today does not have to carry a big stock and run the risk of falling prices as the trader of fifty years ago did. Business today is REDUCED TO A CAREFUL PROCESS OF COMPUTING, BOOKKEEPING, ETC. There are not such large profits as formerly, but there is a steadier profit, to which keen intelligence can be applied, and it is MORE LIKE PROFES SIONAL BUSINESS than trading and dealing used to be. That is why we need a MORE THOROUGH TRAINING FOR OUR YOUTH, especially in railroading and in its every branch, taking up the business of transportation, rates, tariff, etc., and the multiplicity of possible exchanges for a factory. Business has become a HIGHLY INTELLECTUAL OCCUPATION and re quires, like the professions, a CAREFUL MENTAL TRAINING FOR YOUNG MEN WHO ARE GOING IN FOR THE TOP. IT DOESN'T MATTER WHAT THE INDU8TRY IS, THE MEN WHO CONDUCT THE BUSINESS OF THE FUTURE MU8T BE HIGHLY TRAINED. THE AGE WHEN THE HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS ARE 8TARTED ON THEIR CAREERS WITH RUNNING ERRAND8 AND SWEEPING FLOORS IS PAST. Public Opinion Dominates America. By BENJAMIN IDE WHEELER, President of the University of California. OPINION 18 THE DOMINANT FACTOR IN AMERI CA LIFE. THE MACHINERY OF GOVERNMENT 18 ONLY THE EXTERNAL MANIFESTATION OF THE REAL POWER WHICH LIE8 IN THE VOICE OF THE PEOPLE. We in the United States have found out that government by public opinion MEANS NEITHER REVOLUTION NOR RAD ICALISM. American statesmeu STUDY THE PEOPLE'S WILL, and, once they have learned it they DARE NOT OPPOSE IT. Mr. Roosevelt, despite his impulsiveness, was a conservative, and Mr. Bryan would have become conservative if he had ever reached the presidency.