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Every Morning Kxcept Monday and Weekly. Bv M. H. JEWELL. __ Publication Office: 100 FOURTH STREET, COR. BROADWAY Established 1 If?*} Oldest in State Teleuhone—Business Office. 32 Editorial and Local, 13. Subscription Rates: Daily by carrier 60 cents a month Daily by mail $* P" year Weekly by mail ..$1.50 per year No attention paid to anonymous contribu tions. Writer's name must be known to the editor, but not necessarily for publication. ADVERTISING AGENTS: La Coste & Maxwell, 140 Nassau Street, New York. North Star Daily Press Asso ciation, Gcrmania Building, St. Paul, Minn., for business in Minnesota, Wisconsin and South Dakota. Manuscripts offered for publication will be returned if unavailable. Communications for the Weekly Tribune should reach this office on Wednesday of each week to insure pub lication in the current issue. Correspondents wanted in every city, town tnd precinct in the western part of the $tate. All papers are continued until an explicit order to discontinue is received, and until all arrearages are paid. Entered as second-class matter. MEMBER OF ASSOCIATED PRESS. 833? THE ItAIMVAY'S "COST OF LIVING" Mr. Frederick E. Voegolin's arti cle on "The Railway's Cost of Liv ing," recently appearing in the Rail way Age, has been published in pamphlet form. It contains some striking comparisons of "cost" in railroad building and management. We quote briefly: "Everybody is talking about how much, more it costs him to live, how much smaller the purchasing power of his income is, than ten years ago. Here is the railways' household ac count for 1907, compared with that for 1897, as reported by the Inter state Commerce Commerce: "Gross earnings from operation, per mile of line operated, 1907, $11, 383: 1897, $6,122 increase, 86 per cent. Operating expenses, 1907, $7,687 1897, $4,106: increase, 87 per cent. Income from operation, 1907, $3,696 1897, $2,016 increase, 83 per cent. Passengers carried one mile, 1907. 123,259 1897, 66,874 increase, 84 per cent. Tons carried one mile, 1907, 1,052,119 1897, 519,079 in crease, 103 per cent. "Thus, the railways in 1907 car ried more than double the number of traffic units they carried in 1897, but their compensation was only one and four-fifths (1 4-5) times what it was ten years before. Dur ing that period the average freight rate per ton-mile had been reduced from 7.98 mills to 7.59 mills and the average rate per passenger-mile from 2.022 cents to 2.014 cents. In the year 1907 these reductions amounted, as compared with 1897, to a saving of $2,217,485 to the trav eling public and a saving in freight bills of $92,274,540 to somebody. For the period of ten years the total sav ings were $52,807,368 and $727,558, 714, respectively. We say that some body got the benefit of the reduced freight rates. The shipper says the consumer got it and the consumer says the shipper got it. But we know that somebody got the money, whoever he is. We also know that, in spite of the large contributions made by the railways toward reduc ing the transportation item in the cost of living, the latter has steadily increased. Nobody has yet included the railways as a factor in the in creased cost of living. Neither has anyone given them credit for what they have done toward reducing it. Any investigation of the causes of the rise in prices will not be com plete unless it discovers who is get ting what the railways are saving to the public. If the shipper prompt ly takes advantage of a reduction in freight rates to plead increased man ufacturing or selling expenses for it BIJOU THEATER Thursday, May S. A Extraordinary Offering August J. Evans* Stirring Narrative ST. ELMO" Dramatized by GRACE HAYWARD (Author of "Graustark") Greatest Book Play of The Decade Nothing quiet so Inter esting or Unique has been produced in years PRICES: $1.50 $1.00 $ .75 w/ww»»w«' ff^ff ff fp fr 600 HUNDRED YEARS AGO—in 1310 —gentlemen of fashion wore a hat like this Gentlemen of Fashion in 1910 wear One of the heaviest items of main tenance is renewals of rails. The length of life of rails has probably decreased 20 per cent during the last ten years, owing to greater traffic density, heavier equipment and heavier trainloads. Adding this de preciation to the 49 per cent increase in price, the cost of 80-pound renew als in 1907 was $163 per mile, com pared with $95 in 1897, making an increase of 72 per cent in the cost of the rails themselves, to say noth ing of the increased cost of labor employed in relaying or of increased investment necessitated in replacing light rail's with heavy. The increase in total cost of. material and labor has been greater than the increase in gross earnings. "Instead of the railway business being one of increasing returns, or even constant returns, it is a busi ness of diminishing returns unier prevailing conditions. Increased volume of traffic and heavier train loads have been followed closely by public demands for improved serv ice, increase in the number of em ployees per mile of line operated, increased wages per employee, in creased price of materials, reduced rates per ton-mile and per passen ger-mile. The sum total is that dur ing a period when railways carried the largest volume of traffic in their history expenses per train-mile in creased more rapidly than the rev enue per train-mile. The railway business is like any other business, though the general public does not realize it. "We are not concerned here with the causes of the increase in wages and prices. Whether the tariff, the trusts or the increasing supply of gold are individually and collective ly to blame is too big a question to discuss here. We will merely pause and say, (1) that, whatever the cause, rising prices and rising wages increase the cost of materials and operation and tend to decrease the net profits of those companies which GORDON HATS the purpose of maintaining his price list, he ought to be exposed. We venture to say^that a downward re vision of a price-list by a manufac turer or merchant on account of re duce! freight rates is unheard of except where competition or differ entials force it. The public has ev ery right to know who is pocketing $7:3,0)0,00i a year derived from re ductions in freight rates. "Everyone knows that these heavy contributions to somebody have been made, in addition to steadily in creasing outlays per unit for railway labor and materials. Let us go a little deeper into the "iron horse's" household account. We will take the wage question first—for it, too, is vexed by a "servant" problem. "By the simple process of subtrac tion and division we find that the expense of servants required to run the household has increased 93 per rent in ten years, but that the in come of the householder has in creased only 86 per cent during the same period. The increase in the daily wage per servant has been at tended by an increase in the num ber of servants because of a decrease in the hours o'f labor per servant and an increase in traffic. So much for the servant question for the timo being. -!i THE STORY OF THE TRIUMPH OVER A BLACKENED SOUL cannot advance the price of their products or services at all, or who are not free to advance them as rapidly as prices and wages ad vance (2) that if the high price level brings about rising or high in terest rates the securities of those companies must decline in their market value. Though the book from which it is taken is not less than forty years old, the "St. Elmo'' which is to be presented at the Bijou theatre this evening is new with the present theatrical season. So remarkable was the furore created by the novel when it first came to the attention of fiction lovers, and so lasting has been its popularity, it is not to be wondered at that widespread success is predicted for the play. It makes a capital stage story. St. Elmo, it will be remembered, thought his first love was a lasting one. Disap pointed in it, he entered upon a wild career and became a wretched cynic. Then he met "the one girl." She was a simple country maiden, whose purity of character shames him into repentance and a reassertion of his former nobler self. It is a play of thrills and heart interest and has a lofty tone that makes its own ap peal. THEDOCTORQUESTION SOME ADVICE AGAINST THE USE OF HARSH PURGATIVES AND PHYSICS. A doctor's first question when con suited by a patient Is, "Are your bow els regular?" He knows that 98 per cent of illness is attended with in active bowels and torpid liver. This condition poisons the system with waste matter and. causes accumula tion of gases which must be removed through the stomachetaemfwyeptaoift through the bowels before health can. be restored. Salts, ordinary pills and cathartics may be truly likened to dynamite. Through their harsh, irritating action they force a passage through the bow els, causing pain and damage to the delicate intestinal structure which weakens the whole system, and at best only produces temporary relief. The repeated use of such treatments causes chronic irritation of the stom ach and bowels, dries and hardens their tissues, deadens their nerves, stiffens their muscles and generally brings about an injurious habit which sometimes has almost, if not fatal re sults. We have a pleasant and safe rem edy for constipation and bowel dis orders in general. We are so certain of its great curative value that we promise tc( return the purchaser's money in every case where it fails to produce entire satisfaction. This remedy is called Rexall Orderlies. We urge you to try them at our en-: tire risk. Rexall Orderlies are eaten like can dy, they act quickly and have a soothing, strengthening, healing, reg ulative influence on the entire intes tinal tract. They do not purge, gripe, cause nausea, flatulence, excessive looseness, diarrhoea or other annoy ing effects, and they may be taken at any time without inconvenience., Rexall Orderlies overcome the drug ging habit and safely remedy consti pation and associate ailments, whether acute or chronic, except in surgical cases. They are especially good for children, weak persons or old folks. Price, 36 tablets, 25 cents, and 12 tablets, 10 cents. Remember, you can obtain Rexall Remedies in Bismarck only at our store—The Rexall Store— Lenhart Drug Co. JEFFRIES GOT HIS WIFE BACK TO CAMP J'Sv 4*snHated Press.) Ben Lomond, May 4.—Jeffries hur ried back to his training camp here at noon today, bringing with him Mrs. Jeffries, who is recovering from an operation. Jeffries did not visit San Francisco during his late holi day, preferring to let Berger squab ble over the referee question with Jack Johnson and the promoters of the fight. Jeffries appeared as happy as a boy to have his wife with him again. As soon as he saw she was situated comfortably he took the train for Santa Cruz, determined to make the most of his holiday by taking a bath in the ocean. Farmer Burns accompanied him. They returned in time for dinner. The work at the training camp will be taken up vigorously tomorrow. Jeffries was pleased to hear that Frank Gotcn, the champion heavy weight wrestler, will join the camp in a week. BISMARCK DAILY TRIBUNE, THURSDAY MORNING, MAY 5, 19 10. PIGGERS PLEAD NOT GUILTY AT MANDAN THREE WERE ARRAIGNED BE. FORE THE COURT WED NESDAY. Case of Ed. Lund Will Be One of the Interesting Criminal Cases of the Present Term. Three men charged with violating the prohibition law. were arraigned in district court at Mandan yesterday and all pleaded not guilty. The men up were Alex Froelich, Jos. Winibauer, and Ed. Daley. They will have their hearings and trials later in the term. Ed. Lund, charged with horse setal inig. was also arraigned and entered a plea of not guilty. The crime with which Lund is charged was committed two years ago and he was only re cently captured in Montana and re turned to this state. This will be one of the most interesting trials of the term. Adolph Patach, charged with ma licious mischief, will have his trial today. He is charged with shooting and killing a horse which belonged to a neighbor woman. There are a large number of cases to be tried at this term and also a large number of civil cases. CIRCULATE PETITION FOR MOOISTRICTS PEOPLE OF THE COUNTY WANT MORE REPRESENTATION ON THE BOARD. Too Much Territory for One Man to Look After Is the Reason for the Desired Change. Petitions are being circulated in various parts of the county, and being freely signed, asking that the county commissioners put it up to a vote of the people to find out if they wish more commissioners districts in the county, and all the petitions are bas ed on an increase to five from the present number of three. As it is at the present time the third district has twice as many town ships as the first and second districts have combined. It is reported that the petitions are being quite freely signed, as it requires only the signa tures of one-third of the legal voters there is very little doubt about the matter being submitted to the people at the next general election. GOMPERS ASSISTS IN FORMING NEW UNION (By Associated Press.) St. Louis, May 4.—Plans for a po litical union of the American Fed eration of Labor and the Farmers' Education and Co-operative Union of America, with its 3,000,000 members, is being worked out at a conference between labor union and farmers' union officials in this city, coinci dent with the farmers' rally now in progress. Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, is behind the movement. He, with Frank Morrison, secretary of the American Federation of Labor, and twenty other labor officials, has been in executive session with the farm ers' executive committee for the last three days, and it was announc ed tonight that his plan probably will be endorsed. Gompers denied any intention of forming a new political party through an amalgamation of farm ers' unions with the American Fed eration of Labor. His plan, he says, is to induce the farmer to be parti san in principle and not in party. He hopes, he says, to Induce the ag riculturists of the country to nomin ate and elect men favorable to the betterment of labor conditions, re gardless of political affiliation. Just what formal action will be taken by the two committees is not known. The sessions are expected to continue through the week. ANOTHER HELD INVADED DY WOMAN MRS. RICHARDSON APPOINTED PASSENGER AGENT OF TEX AS RAILROAD. San Antonio. Tex. May 4.—(Special) —Mere min' has received another jolt downward. A position that has heretofore never been held by women has been turned over, to one of them and Mrs. Asher Richardson has been appointed general passenger agent of the Asherton railroad and enjoys the unique distinction of. being the only member of her sex holding this vary august office: But a little extra data is in order here. She was Appointed by her hus band, who is the promoter, financial backer, builder and operator of the road, which, by the way, is only about thirty-five miles long. Itxrs. Richardson, in addition to see .ing that the tickets are printed right for the four stations on the line, has charge of the passenger rolling stoeK consisting of one gasoline motor day coach, an ordinary coach and a good for all work locomotive. No sleepers are operated. The Asherton line is independent and so far has refused to join the railroad trust. Most of its freight consists of onion and other garden truck growins in its territory. COL. LOUNSBERRY MAY BE RETIRED Washington, May 4.—Senator Bur rows, of Michigan, introduced a bill today placing Col. C. A. Lounsberry of North Dakota on the retired army list with the rank of colonel. DEGREE OF HONOR PARTY. Invitations have been issued for a dancing party to be given by the la dies of the Degree of Honor lodge, in Baker's hall Friday evening, May 5. Lochner's orchestra has been se cured to furnish the music for the occassion. LIVONA. Walter Nogel was calling on Peter Baker Sunday. Wm. Baker took a trip to Fort Rice Sunday to see Dr. Seerley. Mr. and Mrs. James Burbage spent Sunday at the home of Milford Noyes. Quite a few Livona people attend-: ed the dance at Hartford Saturday night. The dance was in Marion Morford's new store building. May Burbage, who spent the last few days in Bismarck, returned home Saturday. Mrs. Charles Riggleman was up from Hartford Friday. There will be a dance at the home of Otis Letner Friday, May 6. Miss Minnie Wilde was calling on friends at Gayton Sunday. Wesley Baker and Miss Lula Jacobson were up from Gayton Sun day. Try Tribune Want Columns77t LAZY LIVER "I find Cascarets so good that I would not be without them. I was troubled great deal with torpid liverand headache. Nowsince takingCascaretsCandy Cathar tic I feel very much better. I shall cer tainly recommend them to my friends as the best medicine I have ever seen.", Anna Bannet, Osborn Mill No. a, Fall River, Ma**. Pleasant. Palatable. Potent. Taste Good. Do Good. Ne«orStekM.W«akraorGripe. 10c.He.50c. Newsofitabulk. Thjaenu ine tablet stampedCCC. Guaranteed to core or your money back. POLITICAL ANNOUNCEMENTS STATE. For State Auditor. I hereby announce myself republican tadidate for reelection AS elate auditor of North Dakota. I shall continue to reside at Bismarck and /We the affairs of the office my personal at tention, as I have during the present admin istration. _______„ !uties D. K. BRIGHTBILL. For Judge of Supreme Court. I hereby announce myself as a candidate for judge of the supreme court. of the office. .uttes ox tns oimx. E For Attorney General. I herewith announce myself a candidate an the republican ticket for reelection to the office of Attorney General of the State of North Dakota. If re-elected the present policy of the office will i. g-J-jgaiUL For Secretary of State. I am a candidate for secretary of state. I am a fanner, a soldier, a schoolmaster and a republican. If elected, I shall move my 'amily to Bismarck, and perform well the 0 S E For Judge of Supreme Court. I hereby announce myself as a candidate for nomination for judge of the supreme court of the state of North Dakota, at the coming primary election in June. Minot. N. D., March 1, 1910. E. B. COSa. I am a candidate for Secretary of State. If elected I shall move with my family to Bismarck and perform ,welt the duties of the °ffiCe' W. M. HOUSE. DISTRICT. For Congress. I announce myself a candidate for the re publican nomination for congress before the primaries in June. I will give out my plat form later. I am a resident of the western part of the state, and believe that all parts of the state should be represented. If elected I will do everything in my power to represent the staR creditably and fairly in congress. T. R. MOCKLER. COUNTY. Announcement.' I hereby announce myself as a candidate for reelection to the office of county treas urer, subject to the decision of the repub lican voters at the primary election to be held In June. If elected. I will, as a servant of the people, attend to the duties of my office faithfully, impartially and to the best inter ests of the taxpayers of Burleigh county. Respectfully yours, CARL R. KOSITZKY. For County Commissioner. I hereby announce myself as a candidate on the republican, ticket for the office of county commissioner in the Third district, subject to the republican voters at the general primary election to be held in June. I am a resident of Canfield, a farmer and also a taxpayer. If elected to the office, I will, to the best of my ability, look after the interests of the county, faithfully, impartial ly aad in compliance with the laws of our L~ H. ONG. Canfield. N. D., February 11, 1910. For County Auditor. I hereby announce myself a candidate on the republican ticket for election to the of See of County Auditor, If elected I will, to the best of my ability, erve the people, by an honest and just ad ainistration, and to the best interests of the »Ypayers of Burleigh county. Respectfully yours. T. FLAHERTY. For Sheriff. I herewith announce myself a candidate on the republican ticket for election to the office of sheriff of Burleigh county, subject to the decision rendered at the primary election to be held in June. JOHN P. FRENCH. For County Judge. I hereby announce my candidacy on ther publican ticket for the office ri*^J**g of Burleigh county, N. D., .to »P, proyal of the republican voters he primary election to be held in June, 1MB. pv^tfawfifigS W S S ..el. as the tax payers I E County Auditor. I announce myself a candidate for the office of County Auditor on the republican ticket If elected I shall administer my official duties faithfully and to. the best interests of the taxpayers of Burleigh^ A E For County Commissioner. I hereby announce myself a candidate on the republican ticket, subject to the voters it the primary election, for commissioner in the Second district. I have been a farmer Sibley township for nine years, and if elected I will serve the people of Burleigh county to the best 0 E For Sheriff. I hereby announce myself as a candidate for the office of sheriff of Burleigh county, on the republican ticket, subject to the de cision of the voters at the primary election to be held in June. A N For County Judge. I hereby announce myself a candidate on the republican ticket for election to the ot Sce of County Jud-e of Burleigh county, subject to the primary election to be held in "/'elected I will conscientiously discbarge the duties of the office. Respectfully submitted to the decision ot the people. E E N A N Bismarck, N. D. For County Judge. I hereby announce myself a candidate for county judge, subject to the republican vot ers at the June primaries. _„«», WOWARD A. THOMAS.e County Commissioner. I hereby announce myself a candidate on the republican ticket for nomination for the office of countv commissioner for the sec ond commissioner district of Burleigh coun ty, subject to the decision of the voters at the primary election to njxt^une. For County Judge. I am a candidate for the republican nom ination as county judge at the primary elec tion. I respectfully solicit the support of republican voters. ..„.._.„ 1 M. T. McKENZ'.E. For Clerk of Court. I hereby announce myself as a candidate, on the republican ticket, for the office of Clerk of Court, at the primary election to be held June 29. CHAS. FISHER. For Commissioner. I hereby announce myself a candidate on the republican ticket for nomination for the office of county commissioner for the Third commissioner district of Burleigh county, subject to the decision of the voters at the primary election to be held next June. CHAS. J. PETERSON. (Better known as Coal Mine Peterson.) For Register of Deeds. I hereby announce myself as a candidate for Register of Deeds on the republican ticket at the primary election to be held in June. 1910. O N F. FQRT, Far County Auditor. I hereby announce myself as a candidate for re-election for the office of County Audi tor, on the republican '"^f^ E A For Coroner. I hereby announce myself a candidate for coroner on the republican ticket, subject to the decision of the voters at the June pri maries. If elected I will serve as I have in the past. E. G. FIELD. For County Commissioner. I announce myself a candidate on the re publican ticket for nomination for County Commissioner in the First district. This is not at the request of any faction of the party, but of my own free will and accord. If nominated and elected, I will be in Posi tion to, and will give all a square deal. L. E. HEATON, McKenzie. N. D. Announcement. Bismarck, N. D., March 24. 1910. I hereby announce myself as candidate for the office of Clerk of Court of Burleigh county en the Republican ticket at the pri mary election to be held June 29, 1910. I have lived in Bismarck thirty years and have never held a public office of any kind. THOMAS P. O'CONNOR. County Commissioner. hereby announce myself a candidate on the republican ticket for nomination for the office of county commissioner for the First commissioner district of Burleigh county, subject to the decision of the voters at the primary election to be held next Tune. J. H. ALLENSWORTH. Brittin, N. D. For County Superintendent of Schools I hereby announce my candidacy for election to the office of county super intendent of schools, subject to the de cision of the republican voters at the primaries on June 29, 1910. If nominated and elected, I shall continue to devote my entire time and best efforts to the educational work in the county. C. L. VIGNESS. C. M. COOLEY. For Judge of Supreme Court. I hereby announce my candidacy for nomination for the office of judge Prima?ie8sUPreme C°Urt he 3m* CHARLE& M, COOLEY.