Newspaper Page Text
Tuesday. October 11. 1910.
SHORT HISTORY OF LIFE AND WORKS OF SAKAKAWEA INDIAN GUIDE WITH LEWIS AND CLARK On October 13. at the state capitol grounds the statue of Sakakawea, the Bird Woman, the Shoshone Indian wo man adopted into the Grosventre tribe when she was a child and who later acted as guide for the Lewis and Clark expedition to the Pacific coast, will be unveiled. The statue, which is of bronze and 1'2 feet in lieijjhth was modeled by Paul Cruenell a Chicago sculptor and has been paid for by the Federated Womans Clubs of North Dakota will be erected on tlw east side of the capitol grounds and will be looking west and pointing towanl the Mississippi river. The model is that of a typical Indian woman and has all the trappings of the old day Indian. Iter papoose is strapped to her back. According to the original journal- the Lewis and Clark expedition Sakaka wea was captured by the Grosventre tribe from the Shoshones in southwestern Montana in 1N'W when -die w.- .1 young girl. History says that a few years later she was purchased bv a Frenchman by the name of Charbon neau and was made his wife. 1st one month after the birth of her first chiV she started out for the Pacific coast as a guide and interpreter for the expe dition. She carried her child ill the way both on the outgoing and re't'rn ing trip and was a valuable aid the members of the party in mikm friends with strange tribes of !iviia:is and in cuiding Lewis and Cl.i'k watering places along the route, expedition started from Rosebush \il lage. near where Stanton in \1 rccr county is now located, in the sprinj of of |S'i.f and did not return until Aug ust of ISmi. Sakakawea and Giar-, neau were paid $."(«.M 1-3 for their services. Well versed historical wnt ers have made the statement that Sak akawea is entitled to a place ii Am erican history along with Pocalx i: v. and Ramona, and at last she is to be honored by having a statue placed for IVT in the state from whicn -•!.' started upon her history miking trip. The actual unveiling of the statue will be done by M/iss Huleah Aniidon of Fargo. Paul enell of Chio-.g the sculptor, will present, as ill Sitting Crow and James Holding Ea gle, two Indians from Herthold reser Little Bobbie 5cCiga stands upon the reputation made and maintained by Robert Burns SN The Indians of the state are very proud of the record of Sakakawea and are taking considerable interest in the coming unveiling and dedication of the monument, and there is no question but there will be a representative gath ering of men high in the councils of the tribe. Sakakawea was of royal family in the Shoshone tribe and being the sis ter of a chief has always held a high position in the stories and legends of the Dakota Indians. There have been efforts made .to discover the fate of the son of Saka kawea, who shared the trip to the coast and while the tecords show that he was located once when he was about _'.r» years of age, nothing is known of his fate, but it is suspected that he I wcrrt to Canada and from there wan dered into the northwestern part of the country with a party of trappers and ended his days there. After being discharged from the service of Lewis and Clark, Sakakawea and her hus band made their home in this state and in the next few years were the par ents of several other children. In connection with the dedication of the Sakakawea monument here during the week by the North Dakota Feder ation of Women's clubs, there is con siderable interest aroused over the proper spelling of the name, which has been variously given out as Saskaka wea. Sacaiawea and Sakakawea. Rev. ie! C. L. Hall, who for thirty years has been a missionary worker among the Grosventre Indians, has contributed short discussion of the spelling of the word to the State Historical society. Mr. Hall is at the present time the only living authority on the Grosventre language and his opinion on the matter in question has far greater weight than any other or all other so-called auth orities, many of them having made some statement regarding the proper spelling of the Indian name for the Kird Woman. Mr. Hall says: "Sakakawea, the Bird Woman, was a captive among the Grosventres and had been taken to wife by a French man named Charbonneau, who became the interpreter for Lewis and Clark when they were in their winter camp in 1804-.ri. She was a Shoshone bv vation, who were sent to Chicago to birth, but being young she became like pass upon the correctness of the de sign of the model. It is also the in tention of the committee having the affair in charge to have representatives from every tribe now in the state here. and thev will be dressed in all their coming among the Grosventre tribe of tribal trappings and will take an ac- Indians or anv other tribe at once five part in the ceremonies incident to 1 receives a name, such as may suit their the unveiling. fancy. I got the name of llo-was-te. one of her captors. Her Grosventre captors gave her a name, which may have been a translation of her Sho shone name, but is more likely to have been entirely different. A stranger .vv« S u^ 6 No need now to get less value for a nickel than you've had for a dime. All stores sell both sizes. You won't get the right cigar if you just ask for a light cigar. Strong tobacco is even harsher when harvested green for theno sake of color. The Robert Burns and PARK, GRANT & MORRIS, Distributors Fargo and Grand Forks which means Good Voice, because they arc the first words of a Dakota a^ Different only in size and price, but alike in leaf5 labor and delight, I ^H'vffl.1.'"^ Little Bobbie are more than color-mild, more than wrapper-mild. The filler has the same gentle qualities. Made of tobacco which is mild by nature—which isGaynor. allowed to ripen fully on the plantation and then fully cured before it reaches the bench. You can smoke 'em all day and your health won't notice the difference. BISMAECK DAILY TRIBUNI (Copyright 1910, by Leonar Cruenell, hicago.) Sakakawea, the Bird Woman, Indian Guide With Lewis and Clark, Statue Which Will Be Unveiled Thursday Afternoon at Capitol Grounds. hymn 1 tried to sing. A friend named Orchard geN the name of liacit from the Kees because they think that word sounds like the English name, and it has in the Kce the meaning of Hranch. So for some reason or fancy tin Shoshone girl was called the Bird Woman. There is no doubt alMiut this name or the spelling of it. Washing tun Mathew-. a collaborator of the Smithsonian Institute, published in K-'7 a short account of the Grosventre people, together with a partial gram mar and dictionary of the language. The words for 'bird' and 'woman' are given a place in this dictionary. We t!ui get for the name 'The Bird Wo man.' "Tsakakawias." The dotted S at the end vKmds for in English and I make- the compound word a proper name. It is equivalent to the definite article 'the.' Anglicizing this a little to suit those using only the English alphabet and unfamiliar with the sci entific use of the vowels, and leaving off of the initial 't' sound, which is hard for the English tongues, we have the spelling in English 'Sakakawea.' During the past thirty years I have made numerous additions in manu script to Matthews' book and also some corrections, but I have found no oc casion to correct the spelling of the words in question. "On examining the reprint of the or iginal Lewis and Clark journals, we find that Lewis made four different at tempts to spell this name, and Clark tries to do the same also in four dif ferent ways. They were evidently aim ing at the name we give, and now have in common use among our Grosventre people. But they were not linguists and not accurate students of the lan guage and Had no alphabet suited to the language, but tried to represent the sounds by the use of the English alpha bet. Consequently they used 'c' for the 'k' sound, and hard 'g' also for and added 'h' and 'r' without stint to help out. The 'j sound is not in the Gros ventre language. The hard 'g' is very nearp- the same as 'k' to some ears, but is not the correct pronunciation. "In the original Lewis and Clark journals the name of The Bird Woman is spelled by Clark as follows: Jsahkah garwea, Sahcahgagwea. Sarcargahwea and Sahcahgahweah and Lewis has still other combinations in Sahcahgah wea, Cahcahgarwea, Sahcargarweah and Saheahgar Wea. "The spelling of the name as Saca jawea is wrong on the face of it, as that is the Shoshone name for Boat Launcher and would have absolutely application to Sakakawea." The Federation of Women's clubs have taken the latter way of spelling the name and have made it so in their printed matter and the letterine- on the monument will be lettered in that way. Government. Government like water does ir rise higher than its sourco.—w. Asthma! Asthma! POPHAM'S ASTHMA REMEDY pve instant relief and an absolute care in all cases of Asthma. Bronchitis, and Ha Fever. Sold by druggists mail on receipt of price $1.00. Trial Package by mail 10 cents. WILLIAMS MFG. CO.. IWa..,a«v*Uad. OUo For sale at Adams' Drug Store. 1 ST.PAUL CORRESPONDENT TELLS OF DRY FARMING St. Paul, .Minn., Oct. 10.--1Special at every stopping place !." neoplo re he Northern Pa-j extended to the ptirty (he liimi of fine's special thaiu to the Dry Farm- courtesy and every facility was fur-I ig congress at Spokane, arrived nished to see what was io be s.-en. homo at 11 o'clock last night, bearing he commercial and public liodie.-- of a tired but happy party. Starting Helena. .Missoula and Spokan did home v\itli a train loaded to capacity. 1 everything possible for the parly and I the dropped off at various I lie only regret was tin- 'vorU and points in Montana and North Dakota, lack of time re a it impossible to all brimmin over with enthusiasm accept all the invitation which they had absorbed on the trip 1 the crowning feature of th trip was and at the congress That the party a banquet tendered by the Cniinnereial was made up of men who had a club of Spokane at the Davenport res-l mission in making it, was in evidence tnurant. Th surroundings re from the .-tart, and that it had accom plished results was manifested by ac tion taken on the train enroute home. Realizing that those who had attend ed the congress had derived benelits from it. the next consideration was hew to pass those benelits on down the line to others who had not been so fortunate, and plans were formed for the organization of local and sec tional bodies to bring the farmers to gether, where agricultural subjects could be discussed and the knowledge 1 Hefore the breaking All who went on the trip were eon- do not suffer by comparison in qual ity and labor, and momentary cost considered, a a good comparison of financial return Learn From Montana. One thing was apparent and that is that all of the fairs can learn something from Montan a in the way of artistic, displays of agricultural products. Kxperts who have follodew I I'M' was a session in one of the ears fairs declared they never before saw I which numerous speeches were anything so artistic in this line. S a expressing the pleasure and beautiful were the arrangeaient that I profit the participants had derived. they immediately challenged the at tention of very visitor to the thing which was being exhibited, a id inter ested him whether he willed or not. At Spokan the interstate fair that was held in connection with the Dry Inarming congress, was another rev elation. Covering a much wider field than the Montan a fair, in fact having many of the exhibits from Helena, the Spokan exhibit was larger and more complete and of the same high standard of quality. he congress itself was composed of earnest men who came for a pur pose and who allowed nothing to di vert them from it. he sessions were all well attended, the addresses prac tical and the informal discussions and institute hours prolific in developing the best thought along agricultural lines. Without disparagement of pre vious sessions it can be said truthful ly this has been the most profitable of all. It sUtrted, it is true, with an interest already awakened and with the benefit of a year of study and exprimen on the problems which confront the farmer and fruit raiser. Four days of speeches and debate ordinarily have a depressing effect and interest, flags towards the last, but in this case the time was all too short to thres out the a which came up. Miss The Rocks. 0 or vinced Ii fore starting that crops wlll,|» comfort end ue could be raised successfully in re- pleasures of the partv had been iook gions having a rainfali at one (,l i,llt '1*- Socially beautiful, the banquet tine a id well managed and the speeches re thou ordinarily interesting. The only unpleasant I'ca'ipv die trip was the necessity of niing on the return. Short as had the time, friendships bad h."-.\ formed v.hieb only with the l!i i| hey might be renewed al sume fuiur" date. Thanks to Railroad Men. t: |.n of new and approved methods brought commenced a statement wa:. prepared precini inx-n will have off their he western N a signed to all. he western Nortt and signed by everyone on the M.iin Dakota men laid plans to start the 'hankin the .Northern Pncilie Kail movement at once, and it is the ex-' road company for the. eourt"sies ex pectation that the idea will spread.' tended and the olllcials in a re of 'horough- in considered insufficient, but even the Dtikota delegation presented to Mr. most optimistic were hardly prepar- '«t1l»'r addition the North a handsomely engrossed set o| :'esultitin.is expressing the same sentiments he porters, dining ear crew and other employes of the train came in not only for a resolution of 1 hanks, but for a substantial recog nition of their services. While the passage of resolutions tire the rule on such trips, ia the present case they were more than a form. Mr. Cooper, in general charge of the train ed for the ocular demonstration of successful efforts in this line. he first great eye-opener came while the train was passing- through the valley of which Peach, N. D.. is the center. Eight big elevators are taxed to ca pacity where five years ago there was no farming. he Montana state fair was the next revelation. Fairs in older states may and do present larger exhibits, but none can surpass and Messrs. .1. (). Dalzell and L. P. it in quality, and tho products of lands I Oallerman of the passenger depart cultivated by dry farming .nethods! ment, were untiring in their efforts vie with that under irrigation and to render the trip both pleasant and rotitable, and they succeeded in their endeavors beyond the expectations of the party. No I an untoward or unpleasant in cident marred the pleasure of the iri.i from start to linish and it will ai was been a green spot in the memory of those who took it. Th closing ollicial function of the This session was made memorable by the presentation of handsomely en grossed set of resolutions expressing the appreciation of the assemblage of the daily yelps emitted by the Howl, published by Mr. Cooper and edited by Curtis Mosier, the only re gret being at its untimely demise. REPUBLICANS OF WARD COUNTY ENTHUSIASTIC With all of its success, the con- anen Burke's doing during his gress came a re the rocks •than most of those in attendance knew, but skillful pilotage avoided all the reefs and shoals and put it on a broad and safe course he first danger was the effort of some to boost political fortunes at the expense of the congress, but this met with defeat in he election of J.. H. W:-st of the North Dakot a agricultural col lege as president over Governor Bra dy of Idaho. he second and final victory was the decision of he com mittee on resolution to exc'nde from Its report all a except, those directly concerned with the problems of the farmer. re we-e a resolutions thus shut out, some of I them a on which all were agreed, but other topics which would have provoked bitter controversies, the mo3t notable of the latter being (h question of state or federal con trol. By excluding every foreign topic this was eliminated without leaving any soreness or hard feelings on either side, and with a clearly de nned object and an interested cor. stituency there is every promise that the congress as entered upon a long career of usefulness. Of all the parties which attended the sessions it is doubtful if any derived either re profit or pleas ur from the trip an he on» taken but by he N Pacific under the leadership of as Cooper. he train had ample facilities for sleep ing, eating, working a for social enjoyment, of which features were neglected or carried to excess, but on the a enough of each. It as he a us consent each. It as he a us verdict of he party at its had never before had so enjoyable a trip. Going out the train stopped where the best object lessons could be seen, Mihot, Oct. 10.—One of the most en thusiastic meetings ever held as that, which took place in he Magic! City yesterday when republican com-, mitteeme from all sections of W a county gathered at the Arcad the-! ate to report on conditions in sections. A spirit of set-together a harmony prevailed and the a was of the very best. Stirring speach es were a by J. M. Devine and others, and reports read showed a the sentiment for the election of Hon. C. A. Johnso was strong and that the Minot gubernational candidate could, count on a rousing manorit in Ward Ther a re a a among the precinctme and through stheir variou mediums they a re giv ing the facts and figures to he pub- four years administration now until the end of the a a Three •521529 "Town Topic" Our latest High Toe Arch. Have you seen it? It is a beauty inch heel, Pat and (.Inn Metal. $4.50 AUTHORITY STYLES coats working for the re-installment of republicanism in the executive (•hair. Cultfvate SeirReffaric*. By relying on our own resources we acquire mentnl strength, but when we lean on others for support we are like an invalid who, having accustomed himself to a crutch, finds It difficult to walk without one. CELfflO THE KING REMEDY FOR RHEUMATISM SCIATICA, LUMBAGO, GOUT, ETC. 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