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&£« $ht gi^nurrh Wtlhxmt BY M. H. JEWELL. E Morning, except Monday, and Weekly Publication Office: _,,., 00 l-OCKTH STREET, COH. BUOADWAV t,- Daily, 15811 oldest in State ^tabhshed (weekly, 1873 ^teTw^Busines. Office, 32 Editorial and Local, 13 Subscription Kaies. n. iv Sv .iriicr a Daly 0/ ..Si per year Daily by mail ear Weekly by mail IL'IU.'..---- ~Ko7el^~-c7rc^iUativ«s: North Star Daily P,*« \ssJiation, S. C. Thcis, manager., St. Paul American Press Association. I -office: S« West 3.11. .V« W or nearest .N.mncan Press. uJve. -i.g o.lue, «au '... New lork. y,..,cr oilVied for publication .will be ieu'-i.ij it n-t axaiiable Uumiumcatiaiis foi ,'hc V. ei iv inbui.e should ,reacU. this olfice in We lne .:av of each week to insure pub lication in the currcm^jsswe. ~~?r~Men'.'»a paid anouymou» contribu-' toon, \\rluVi name must be known to t»c "jitor, but not necessarily tor publication CorrcTTom'cnts wanted in every city, town indpre.-ir.ct in the western cart of the state. All papers are continue,! until an explicit nrdcr to d.scontinu. is received, and until irrearages are paid. Entered as second-class matter. MEMBEK OK ASSOCIATED PRESS. A CHANGE FOR THE BETTER. In commenting upon the change of methods of corporations whose affairs arc corn-erne dby the legislation, the Minneapolis Journals says: Missouri is another state in which the railroads have decided to go out of the lobbying business. They have made an agreement to give up the expensive lobby which it has been their custom to maintain at Jefferson City while the legisla ture was in session. Instead they have sent one man to represent them all. and he will do no lobby ing. His duty will be watch legislation and keep the railroad of ficials informed on all measures of fered that may affect railroad inter ests. When hearings are to be held before committees, practical railroad men will be sent to make argument and to give evidence. If the bill affect? the traffic department, a well informed traffic man w.l! dii-cuss it with the committee. It it a fleets operation, then an operating expert wiii attend. This plan seem- so eminently sensible and practical that the won der is it has not been adopted be fore. The change c•nu quite as much because of a change in the spirit of legislature- as because the railroads have seen a great light. Legislation by lobby is no longer countenanced by the people or much practiced by lawmakers. The plan of the Missouri railroad.- is far more likely to get result- than the sub U-rrnnean efforts a skulking lobby. They will lay practical ar guments before the legislative com mittees, and they will do --o pub licly and frankly. The representa tives of the people ought to meet them in the same spirit—and doiib les-- v. ill. We think it i- a fact ::ls that mem bers of the legislature approach the matter oi railroad and corporation leg islation in a different light also. It is being realized that what is for the interests of the people is in many case for the interest- of the corporations a •vell. It is not necessary nowadays lo declare that all anti-corporation legisla tion must be supported by those who stand for the interests of the state and the people. A good deal of bad legis lation is offered, presumably in the in terest of regulating corporations. This should be opposed fairly and openly. A vicious bill is vicious, no matter what interest itis aimed at. And when the corporations get down to the basis of appearing openly and squarely before committees and fighting bills which are vicious, they stand in better light than they have sometimes stood in the past. The elections committees of the two houses of the legislature will be of special importance this year, in view of the proposed amendments of the state primary law. The Tribune does not believe that the legislature will make any vital changes in the present system of nominations of candidates for office. Notwithstanding the apparent defects and weaknesses of the present system. the people are pretty thoroughly com mitted to the direct primary nominations and the legislatrue will hardly make substantial changes in the system. A good many amendments will doubtless be offered as to matters of detail. The recent decision of the supreme court holding the thirty per cent clause of i^fhe law unconstitutional brings an im tant matter to the attention of the iture. That clause, as we under t. was designed to prevent the from participating in the nom l.ioiis of"the majority without penal izing the minority for so doing. It is apparent to all persons interested in the carrying out of the objects of the pri mary, that provision should be made to keep each party within its own limits. If the members of the minority choose to participate in the choice of the ma jority party, they should take the chance of losing their own party's identity by so doing. The decision of the court opens an interesting and important question for the consideration of the legislature. The presiding officers of the two houses are makin gan earnest attempt ti\at all members of the two bodies fiiriv and to get the best service from e\c.y man. This is in line with the sug co-ti.n of tile Tribune some time ago t.'r::!t now was the propitious time for the i' :v'tio:is of the party to get together i!il for the real leaders to see the wis :,.i:i of quitting this profitless quarrel ing. After all, the best good of the whole state ought to be the aim of the members of both houses of the legis lature. GRAND For last night and Tuesday and Wed nesday nights the Grand is presenting a complete change of photo lays from those seen at the Gem Sunday night, and the rest of the vaudeville has arrived and that the large crowd in attendance at the Grand last night appreciated the ex cellent bill was evidenced by the very hearty applause accorded each and ev ery number. George & tt have an act that is .ut of the ordinary, brimful of good comedy and singin and introducing some very comical electrical effects. iVvic Campbell. "The Cantatrice Prima Donna." has a voice of rare qual ity which she handles in a truly artis tic manner. Miss Campbell presents un questionably the best single singing act ever heard here. The picture program is also a most excellent one. and all in all this show one that deserves most liberal pat- "i lie Ge-m has a Complete show for .hi- end oi the week that seems to please, the amusement seeking people, as is evidenced by the good sized audience .liete every evening. The vaudeville program consists of i'alia S: Green, featuring the girl who writes the songs she sing. in their own r.hsi'rdity. Their act made its first ap pearance last evening owing to delayed train* of Sunday, and their song* and lances were well receive '. Austin & Austin, the Swede and the Merry Widow, have a well balanced •haractcr sketch, and they win all man applause. ii-t of photo play- contains a ii drama, a thrilling fire scene and comedy, all of which is fol excellent musical program. r.e' This afternoon there will be a family natince at four o'clock, at which the idmission will be and 1" cents, to ill except first grade scholars of the hi'-. Is. and those who have taken part amateur acts at the Gem. who will ie admitted free. Night show at eight ci ,-t- BREAKING A CUSTOM. How the Salt Shaker Was Introduced to the Spaniard, Until a few years ago uo Spaniard had on his (lining.table any other re ceptacle for yah than the old stylo open cellar. An enterprising Briton saw this nood Unit the sab was al ways diny and gummy and deter mined to Introduce :t certain famous salt sinker from which clean salt would run freely in the dampest went her. Bravely he started to tour Spain lor the company. "No. senor no est costuuibre usar mas quo esto" i"Xo. sir it's not cus tomary to use more than that"—the old eel Ian. was the answer of every dealer to whom lie presented the nov elry. Again and again he was re buffed. He begun to despair when, standing one day gazing into a jew eler's window, a brilliant idea struck him. He entered. Realising the child like curiosity and impressionable char acter of his quarry, he persuaded the jeweler to display a shaker in his window and reached him about sell ing it. A Spaniard came along, look ed in the window, saw the curious ob ject, investigated. "It is very pretty for the toilet ta ble." he remarked after prolonged scrutiny, "perhaps useful for the chil dren. What goes in it—perfume?" Indifferently the jeweler glanced up from some scribbling. "No. sir only salt." "Man, salt'." "Yes. Possibly 1 could get you a lit tle—the kind that doesn't get sticky— to try. But I don't know." The simple gentleman was amazed, angry, affronted, by the novelty, but he took it and an ounce or two of the special salt home with him. The jew eler ordered another shaker and more samples of salt. By and by the gen tleman had used all his salt and want ed more of the same kind. The busi ness of that company today Is worth many figures in Spain every year. and. more than that as it is "costumbre" now to use that particular sort of shaker and brand of salt there is vir tually no competition.—Arthur Stanley Rlggs in Century. It Is Surely Coming a $****•*•** is -v Owing to the fact that both the Grand and the Gem were disappointed in part if their vaudeville acts Sunday, on ac count of delayed trains, Mr. Temple and Mr. Wells combined forces at the Gem, ii order to give Hismarck theatre-goers a full show I By Dr. ALGERNON CROP5EY. Thcotatf!*' of Rochester. N. Y. ***4"*"****f NIVERSAL suffrage is coming. It is SORELY com- a By Professor ALBERT B. HART of the Department of History of Harvard College. we may take the successive classes of Harvard college as fair examples, men of Yankee or old English blood have less than ONE-FIFTH AS MANY CHILDREN AS WHEN THIS COUNTRY WAS FIRST SETTLED. WHILE THE CLASS OF 1671 SHOWS AN AVERAGE OF MORE THAN SEVEN CHILDREN TO EACH MAN, THE CLASS OF 1880 SHOWS AN AVERAGE OF LESS THAN ONE CHILD TO EACH MAN, AND THESE STATISTICS ADMIT OF SOME ALARMING CONCLU SIONS. College men in general are tempted to limit the number of their offspring because they have got into a certain well defined habit of life and their ideas on education are naturally higher. Themselves college men, they are usually anxious to send their sons to college. But it COSTS THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS TO EDUCATE A BOY OR A GIRL. What is the result It is, of course, a decrease in the number of children. This trend is not confined to the Yankees. It has extended itself to the people of the many nations which go to make up this country. The UNITED STATES IS BEGINNING TO FALL OFF IN THE ACCUSTOMED RATE OF INCREASE OF POPULATION. Railroads Are All Right, But the Public Is Unfair. By General CHARLES MILLER of Franklin. Pa. UMAN nature is the queerest thing in tho world. It sym pathizes actively with railroad employees when they demand higher wages then, as in the recent case of the Now York commuters, it protests vigorously when a really TRIFLING INCREASE IS MADE IN RATES TO COMPENSATE FOR THE ENLARGED EXPENDITURES. Railroads do many things for the convenience of the public for which they RECEIVE NO ADE QUATE RETURN. Carrying commuters is one of them. I am convinced that every steam railroad in the United States operates its suburban trains at a loss. I do not believe a railroad can carry passengers for a cent a mile and make money, and commutation rates are generally less than that. The experts of the public service commission, who certainly cannot be accused of friendliness for cor porations, report that it costs a cent a mile to carry passengers in New York's subway, which is unmatched anywhere in the world for effi ciency of operation. AMERICAN RAILWAY8 ARE THE BEST IN THE WORLD. THE PRESENT UNNATURAL CONDITION OF PRIVATE OWNERSHIP AND GOVERNMENT OPERATION THROUGH COMMISSION, BOTH FEDERAL AND STATE, CANNOT LONG CONTINUE WITHOUT PRODUCING BANKRUPTCY AND GENERAL CHAOS. These commissions, many of which are out of sympathy with each other, are literally playing battledore and shuttlecock with the rail ways. They have PILED SO MANY UNNECESSARY BURDEN: ON THE ROADS that though their gross earnings have been increas ing for more than a year their net earnings have been steadily going down. It is TIME FOR THE PEOPLE TO SERIOUSLY STUDY THE SITU ATION. Having done that, I am sure they will insist that the railroads be given a square deal—that they be allowed to run their own business, SUBJECT TO WISE REGULATION OF A SUPER VISORY NATURE, and earn a fair living. BISMAEOK DAILY TRIBUNE Universal Suffrage Masses, NotClasses, Will Rule. ing, for the government of the race is henceforth going I to be a matter of HOUSEKEEPING rather than of fighting. Christianity is the religion of a hungry people. It religion of slaves. The promise was held forth that when God came the people should no longer be hungry or the children cold. But the people are tired of that doctrine. They want something to eat now. There must be an organic change. THE GREAT STRENGTH LIES IN THE MASSES. WE HAVE GOT OVER THE NOTION THAT THERE ARE A FEW GREAT MEN IN THE WORLD THAT HAVE EVERYTHING TO DO WITH IT. IN THE EARLY DAYS THE MASSES WERE KEPT OUT OF THE PRIVILEGES OF HUMANITY. ONLY WITHIN FIFTY YEARS HAS THE GREAT MASS OF MEN COME INTO POSSESSION OF ANY REAL RIGHTS. We have got to CONTROL THE POLITICAL ORGANIZA TION from this time forward. Every act of state has to do with the concerns of men and is, therefore, to be held sacred. We shall de mand men to conduct the state who have characters as nearly perfect as possible. LAWS MUST BE ALTERED. AND THEY WILL BE, FOR UNI VERSAL SUFFRAGE IS COMING, WHEN THE MASSES AND NOT THE CLASSES SHALL RULE. Yankee Blood Is Grad ually Becoming Obsolete. "UNCROWNED StUEEN" LEADS MOVE MEflTTO PLACE MANUEL ON THRONE (Special To The Tribune.) I London, Jan. 9.—Mile. Gaby Deslys is spurring former King Manuel of Portugal on to the point where he may make an effort to regain bis throne. 'the "uncrowned queen," as she is called in London and Paris, has been at work among the friends of the king, and she is said to be making fair progress in rallying fol lowers to the dethroned ruler. She FEATS OF MARKSMANSHIP. Wonderful Shooting of Captain Bo gardus and Dr. Carver. Old gentlemen of the period just aft er the war will tell you sadly that there are no» such shots as there used to be. In this conned km it is inter esting to note that $1,000 was wagered against $100 that the champion of the world could not hit a hundred consec utive birds. Many amateurs, not to speak of professionals, frequently make such a score without arousing comment in those day?. Captain Bo gardns was to bo allowed three trials. If he lost the fust two and made the third the money wr.s his. and. by the way, he used a twelve gauge, full choke, ten pottnd gun. and his load was live dram.' of Mr-k powder with No. 1) shut. Me !v.:dcd his own shells or had them loaded according to his directions. While shooting in England his load was challenged by one of his defeated rivals, who asserted that the cham pion's phenomenal scores were the re sult of his superior shells. The cap tain suggested that in their ties I match both contestants should use his am munition, to which the Englishman eagerly consented. The captain was delighted, for well he knew what would happen to the action of the light and delicate English gun under such a charge. Before thf- match had pro ceeded very far the Britisher with drew—for massage. With the invention and success of the ball tossing machine a craze for ridiculously high scores swept the country. Five thousand balls in r00 minutes. 5.104 out of 5,500. in seven hours and twenty minutes—these were some of the stunts that delighted the hearts of the gun people of that day. One man, the English crack. Dr. Car ver, shot for six consecutive days, breaking OO.OftO balls out of a possible 64,881. The wonder is that there re mained of his shoulder anything more than pulp. True, it is on record that after the three-thousandth shot at such nn exhibition in Gilmore's Garden, New York city, the contestant had to pry open his trigger Angers by main force and only succeeded in continuing in the match, by frequent immersions of arm and shoulder in hot water.—Out-} ing. I EDITING AN ENCYCLOPEDIA. Strenuous Timos In Getting Out an Early French Work. Many adventures befell the French eighteenth century encyclopedia. More than once the production of that work, regarded by authority as revolution ary, had been stopped, eight days of imprisonment in the Bastille for the printer being one incident. At the very last moment, after Diderot had corrected the final proofs, the printer and his foreman secretly slashed the articles right and left, cutting out everything that seemed even possibly dangerous, and burned the manu script Diderot discovered the atroc ity too late when referring to one of his own mutilated articles. But the most remarkable point is that for years very few persons knew of what hafl Jiajcpened. .even, .the contributors has been spending the past three weeks in London, where it was re ported she was undergoing an oper ation for her throat, but this report has been denied. While the French dancer has been working to help Man uel to his former powers. Portugal has decided to give him a monthly allowance. The exact sum has not been named, but it will not permit him to live in lavish style. remaining in ignorance. They had had enough if their own articles when writing them. Voltaire tells a pleasing story of Louis XV.'s ecu version to the mer its of the encyclopedia, according to the London Chronicle. The talk one night at a Trianon supper Aimed on sport and thence to gunpowder, as to the composition of wbk-h the party could not agree. Mine, do Pompadour lamented their nil round ignorance. For instance, she herself did not know what Iter rm :,v v.v.- made of or how her silk bote were manufactured. ""lis a pity." said the Due de la Val lie re. "that his majesty "•••nl'.scnted our encyclopedias, win. li cost us b:0 pis tolcs." The king recalled th.tt he :d a copy, and three valets were tent for the twenty-one volumes stud staggered back with seven each.. Gunpowder, rouge, silk stockings, were all found there. Some found answers to legal problems that troubled them. The king discovered the rights of his crown set forth, and in his satisfaction he allowed the confiscated copies to be returned. Bearded Women. The bearded woman is not a fiction. A bearded woman was taken by the Russians at the battle of Poltava and presented to the czar. Her beard measured over a yard. The great Mar garet, governess of the Netherlands, had a very long, stiff beard. Mile. Does de Che tie. born at Geneva in lSo-1, was exhibited in London in 1853 in her eighteenth year. She had a profuse ks-ail i.i' hair, a l-trg-* urustache and a stre.:i.r I.-Lf beard. There are u.lK-r lii.-vi'nec oi bearded women about the ..iJ.e.iti i:y of whom there no room f-'f d.mbt. New York Amoric::!! The Purpose of An Advertisement mmmmmaammtmmamaaa Is tcrserve your needs. It will help sell your goods talk to the people you want to reach. An Advertise* ment in this paper is a reference guide to those whose wants are worth supplying. Tuesday, January 10, 191* Professional and Business Directory Andrew Miller W. P. Costello MILLER. & COSTELLO Attorneys at Law. City National Bank Building BISMARCK. N. D. ALEX SCHUTT, Dentist. Office, Webb and Cook Block, Phone 250. THE BURLEIGH COUNTY AB STRACT CO. Legal Abstracters for Burleigh County. Under Bond of $10,000 CITY NATIONAL BANK BLK. FRANK FEENEY. General Insurance. CITY NATIONAL BANK BLK. $ Go to the Florentine Hair Drasslng Parlors. Rooms 1 and 2 4 Tribune Building. Telephone S No. 234. $ 8 $$$ $ «.$« fc 3 B. E. JONES, Special Agent New York Life Insurance Co. Write for particulars concern ing our NEW POLICY. Room 38. CITY NATIONAL BANK Bldg. Bismarck, N. D., idg J. A. LOGAN. Veterinary Surgeon BISMARCK. N. D. DRESSMAKING. Fancy and plain sewing, low est prices and good work. Guar antee to satisfy. Phone 590R. Residence 524 Broadway. WHITE'S LIVERY AND HACK LINE. Quick Service. Careful Driver*. Clean Hacks. Right Prices. Also Bus Line Making Three Trips Daily to Fort Lincoln. PHCNE 105. BARN AT 116 SECOND ST. PRIVATE INSTRUCTION IN ELOCUTION Readings for Socials and Enter tainments. Individual and Class Work in Physical Culture. MISS PEARL SMITH Studio with Bismarck Business College. PHONE 183 OR 544-L. ++++++++++++0++*+^r*r+++*+++. FURNITURE REPAIRING. Upholstering and Packing. Refinishing done in all desired colors. Painting, paper hanging, and decorating, trices right. Work guaranteed. Phone 489. N. W. Paint & Repair Co., I Broadway, between 4th and 5th St. I rWWW^^«FW1erW*are'V DURABLE LEATHER. We have a new supply of the very best' oak tanned heavy sole leather out-wears the shoe. We have expert workmen. No waits. Come see us for Shoes and Har ness. TJARL JUHNKE'S SHOE STORE, On Fifth Street. P. E. BYRNE. Official Abstractor of Titles tor Burleigh County. Bismarck, N. D. References Bismarck Rank, First National Bank, Bismarck, N. D. FARM LANDS WANTED. Have clients for a few Improv od farms, also prairie lands in I Rurlelgh and Kidder counties What have you? Write me. Sat isfaction guaranteed. W. E. Ru ney. Lnnd Investments. Bis marck, N. D. W I I I -I-.