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Chicago, June 27—The ruling of Federal Judge Carpenter that the mil lionaire beef packers must plead to indictments not later than July 5 has caused considerable comment and in terest here. He fixed November 20 for the beginning of the trial. The judge had previously denied the pack ers' plea for a bill of particulars. SALAMANDER SUPERSTITION. Hew the Reptile May Have Got It* Fireproof Reputation. Tbere la a very ancient belief that the reptile known as the salamander la proof against tire, it is not known how this superstition bad Its rise, but it will probably always continue to be held by some people, although it baa been conclusively shown tbat the fire proof qualities of the creature exist only in Imagination Dr. Stejneger. reptilian expert at the Smithsonian institution, tells a story which may furnisb a reason for tbe continuance of the belief in question. "Once 1 was camping out." be says, "with a party of friends, bunting and flsbing. We bad lighted a big tire, using for fuel several old logs. While we were seated around watching the progress of some cookery In which we were engaged a young lady at my aide gave a little scream and pointed Into the flames, looked, and tbere waa a small salamander crawling right out from among tbe glowing I I Indicted *Beef¥ac\ers Must Plead to Conspiracy Charges July 5 embers. It walked away unhurt auti made Its escape. "Now. that salamander had occu pied a bole in one of tbe logs used for fuel. Several species of its kind live in old tree trunks. Doubtless this one found tbat it was-getting uncom fortably hot and crawled out. Being moist and slimy, its body was protect ed from Injury by fire long enough to enable It to escape through tbe em bers. But tbe sight of tbe lizard de liberately making Its appearance from the midst of tbe Are was certainly very surprising. Any Ignorant person might easily have been led to Imagine tbat the creature was fireproof. It seemed to me quite probable that the superstition took Its origin from Just such occurrences."—New fork World. Appropriate to tho Occasion. "My tailor always bas a touch of tbe appropriate In bis work." "Yes: I've known him to press mourning suits with sadirons."—Balti more American. monopolize the meat business of the country are ten in all. They include J. Ogden Armour, Louis F. Siwft. ^U iward Tilden, Arthur Meeker, general manager for Armour & Co., Edward Morris, president of Morris & Co. _^^^^^ Francis Fowler, director of Swift & The packers chargecHvith conspiring Co.. and Thomas J. Connors, superin to control the fresh meat prices and tendent of Armour & C.. A Quaint Introduction. Clarence King, tbe ethnologist, once wrote from San Francisco to John Hay the following letter of introduc tion: "My Deur John—My friend. Hor ace F. Cutter. In the next geological period will go east It would be a ca tastrophe if be did not know you. Yjou will 'swarm ID,' as tbe Germans say. when you meet. Lest 1 should not be tbere to expose Mr. Cutter's alias 1 take ibis opportunity to divulge to you tbat the police are divided In opinion as to whether he Is Socrates or Don Quixote. I know better be is totb." Economy. Wine—Dearie. I started today to economise on our household expenses. Hubby—Good! How did you do it? Wlfle—I went to all the bakeries for blocks around, and then 1 bought dozen doughnuts at the bakery that puts the siD:iii«»«t holes In them.— .IlKt.'f BISMARCK, NORTH DAKOTA, THE ADMIRALFLED An Incident of the Great Naval Battle Off Santiago. SCARED BY THE FIRST SHOT The Thundering Boom of tho Oregon's Big Gun In Opening tho Attack on Corvora'a Float Proved Too Much For the Norvoa of tho Old Veteran. "It's a remarkable thing." said the captain, "that almost always In any great event of exciting experience, even one in which human lives are in volved, tbere is likely to be some little minor feature with a humorous side to It tbat will call forth a smile, if not a sadden burst of laughter. It seemsas if In such trying moments one's feelngs seek a quick vent and seize upon any little incident as a safety valve." This particular piece of philosophy was expressed by the grim old captain of our steamer as we were lazily churn fag along the lower coast of Florida. "I never get down on these southern seas." continued the captain, "without thinking of tbat 3d of July. 1898, when our fellows pushed the 8panlsh fleet up on tbe shore after their attempt to steal out of Santiago harbor. "I was first officer of tbe Dasher, one of tbe auxiliary steamers tbat the gov ernment bad chartered and rushed into service. We bad been engaged in car rying provisions roam Tampa down to tbe ships of tbe fleet, and it was ticklish business, too. because no one really knew up to the last few days Just where tbe Spanish fleet actually was, and we expected to be overhauled and captured almost any time. "This particular trip bad been an eventful one. and after rounding Cape Mnlsl. on tbe eastern end of Cuba, we soon sighted our splendid fleet of fight ers ranged in tbat fatal semicircle round tbe entrance of Santiago like a pack of bounds watching for a fox to come out of his hole. It was a great sight. I tell you! Tbe smoke was lazi ly curling up out of each stack, show ing that steam was up and everything ready for tbe spring from the leash the moment tbe fox showed his head. "We bad our orders and in a short time were close alongside tbe big old Oregon, which, you remember, had Just made tbat wonderful trip round the Horn to take part in the fracas. I don't believe there ever was a hot ter day even -In tbe tropics than this Sunday, tbe 3d of July. Things were simply sizzling everywhere, and the ocean Itself seemed to be steaming. "After we bad warped alongside and the crew bad begun carrying aboard the consignment of bread, potatoes, on ions and other stuff 1 stepped into the captain's room to see if I could get any comfort out of tbe electric fan which was working overtime. I had just spoken to old Admiral, the cap tain's pet tomcat—and a huge fellow be was—who was.lying on the floor stretched out as wide as possible, fair ly gasping for air. when, holy mack erel, tbere were a concussion and a deafening roar which sent me sprawl ing and nearly knocked my bead off. All 1 remember seeing that instant was a big cat going almost to the celling, wltb a tall as big around as a grapefruit and erery leg. claw and hair standing straight out. The Ore-1 gon had let go one of Its big forward turret guns right alongside of us. for, the Spanish fox bad started out of its bole. "In just one Instant everything on earth in tbe way of activity seemed to be doing. I rushed to the door, and the thing tbat caught my eye was that old tomcat going aft on the upper deck like a streak of greased lightning, with every sail set to catch tbe wind and fairly clawing at tbe deck in his effort to make time. "In almost less time than it has tak en to tell yon that one shot had grown into a deafening roar from almost ev ery gun in the fleet tbat could bear on tbe fox. Our lashings had been cut loose, and away went the fleet in that dramatic rush to victory for us and death to the Spaniards. "As my captain and 1 stood on tbe bridge and watched the sight he turned to me and said: 'Knight, I'm an old man and haven't but a few years more to live at best. TO give tbe rest of my years to see this fight to the finish, and. by tbe gods. I'm going to follow 'em!' And he gave tbe signal for fall speed ahead. "Say. but tbat was a sight! No man who saw It will ever forget it Tbe race was all in front of is. tbe Span lards running for cover and putting up the best fight tbey could In tneir half baked condition and our fellows plug ging them fast and furiously. "We followed until tbe fight was all over and then came about to return to Santiago. Tbe captain gave orders to serve supper in tbe officers' mess, for neither of us in the excitement of the day had thought a thing about eating. As we sat down to our meal he turned to me and said: 'Knight, bave you seen my old tomcat Admiral? I've bunted for him all over the ship.' "'Well.' I replied, pulling out my watch and looking at It If be bas kept up tbe pace he was making when I saw him last going aft on tbe upper deck be*s due In nhnnt sis minutes now on his third nip around the world' "We never did see old Admiral again, and the captain mourned him till bis dylnc dav Frank Presbrey In Cbl cajro Record Herald To tret and mine i* undignified, sul cldaliy foolish and thfomgicaily on pantonattif Itotwrt Louis Stevenwon. WORKWITHDEATH Powder Makers Toll In Constant Peril of Their Lives. THEY PONT WANT VISITORS Win Callore Are Permitted In the Plant Only With Extreme Reluctance and After Orastio Precaution* and Women Are Absolutely Barred. In all the vocations ID which a maa can make a living in tbe United States there Is none more perilous than tbe manufacture of gunpowder and none In which the public, which usually suffers severely in case of accident, takes so small an interest. The word gunpowder itself carries a suggestion of peril which is reflected In all the superstitions of tbe men who work in tbe trade. The men who work in powder plants are a study In themselves. Probably in no other business do the' human agents take more precautions against disaster wltb such pitiful results. Men who work in powder plants are In constant fear of death. They are face to face wltb peril erery second. Instead of growing hardened to it as do tbe laborers In many other fields of danger, they appear to be the most Superstitious class of men on earth. Tbey are well paid. A man who bas nerve enough to work at this trade Is worthy of bis hire. He can command $10 a day. sometimes $20. He prac tically makes his own rules, since be Is tbe one to suffer from an infraction of tbem. His every suspicion Is re spected by bis employer. He cannot dictate the hours of labor, since that is a matter eternally In dispute, as in other kinds of labor, but be can dic tate tbe conditions under which be works from the moment be enters the factory until he leaves. These superstitions seem absurd sometimes, but tbey are the law of the gunpowder factory. If yon are an employer you break tbe law at the risk of financial loss if yon are/a fel low employee yon violate It at the risk of your life. One of the first laws among the em ployees Is that of ,self preservation. They bave a deep rooted fear of tbe casual visitor. Few men have gone through a gunpowder plant out of mere cariosity. Tbey are not wanted and are told so frankly, if they suc ceed in obtaining tbe permission of tbe superintendent or possibly of some one higher in authority they are sub jected to an extraordinary ordeal be fore tbey are admitted to tbe sacred precincts. First tbey are searched, and no po lice official is more adept in tbe art of "frisking'' than Is tbe outer guardian of the average gunpowder plant Every piece of metal, from pocket knife to garter clasp—every coin, match, suspender buckle, everything that could .possibly strike a spark, is removed. Tbe batband of tbe most fashionable derby is examined with care to see tbat It carries no metal initials. And this examination la not carried on alone by tbe official whose favor you bave gained. A representa tive of tbe employees takes an active part In tbe examination, and if he bas any doubts be will politely request you to strip totbe skin. Once Inside tbe powder factory you are under even more careful scrutiny. Sour shoes are taken away, and you are provided wltb felt slippers. Con vinced that on your person tbere is no piece of metal which under any provo cation could strike a spark, you may feel at liberty to roam around, bat you are not. Tour 'every movement Is watched carefully, and should yon make a gesture calculated to inspire distrust you would be hustled oat of the building and told to leave the neighborhood within a given time. I bad a graphic illustration of tbe extreme care taken by these men to prevent an accident and to save their own lives. After having been care fully searched and after having sur rendered everything which might come under tbe classification of metal 1 was admitted to tbe plant Secure In tbe knowledge tbat 1 was thoroughly "dis infected." I assumed a nonchalance which I was far from feeling as 1 watched tbe various processes of mak ing gunpowder. I was so well at ease that 1 drew a toothpick from my pock et and calmly picked my teeth. Instantly I was thrown to tbe floor and while two husky men held me a third searched my clothing. When finally I was released It was explain ed to me tbat they feared the tooth pick might be a match. Laboring under tbe constant fear of death, the employees grow extraordi narily superstitious. Once allow a wo man to set foot within a powder fac tory and tbe entire force will quit It Is one of tbe axioms of the trade that a woman brings misfortune, and It is useless to argue the question. A wo man photographer for a newspaper on a "Sunday assignment" once was ad mitted into an Illinois powder factory by an inexperienced official, and the next day tbe plant was shut down. Tbe employees struck. The plant re mained Idle until an entire new force was recruited.—Chicago News. Natural Longing. However old. humble, plain, desolate, afflicted, we may be. so long as oar benrrs preserve tbe feeblest spark of life they preserve also, shivering near that pale ember, a starved, ghostly longing for appreciation and affection. T1.« heaven alone tbat Is given away •Ms only Jod may *e had for the ask ing'.—Lowed. For all around wear a hat in the style of the one above is practicable. It shades the face, sets far down on the head, tjaus eliminating the use of many hat pins and still conforms to modish lines. The trimming, too— one of the season's novelties—is an other recommendation. This is of white batiste tied in a flat, many- A SIMPLE EV The accompanying drawing shows a smart but simple evening frock easily made by the home dressmak er. Tfois has a tunic of old gold chif fon falling over an under slip of self tone satin. Cold tulle fills the neck and sleeves. Around the "V" shaped PHYSICAL STRAINS. Man Over Forty-five 8hould Take No Excessive Exercise. The physical decay of men over" AOrty must be more frequently meu tlofled lest we forget tbe fact tbat our physique was evolved for only thirty five or forty years of strenuous use. says American Medicine It was not so long ago tbat forty-five was ex treme old age—counting time in tbe large way of evolution. Lengthening of life bas been possible only because civilization bas let up the physical strains, so if we continue them we must expect to break as of old. Athletes stop their efforts merely be cause tbey are beaten by younger men. but tbe nonatbledc seem to think that it is necessary to keep up exces sive exercise, though tbe tissues simply cannot stand It There Is, then, no mystery In tbe large number of dam aged hearts now being found, and tbey Will continue to Increase in number and severity until tbe medical profes sion succeeds in impressing tbe lesson. Let us repeat it over and over again until every man over forty or forty Ave realizes tbat be bas lived bis al lotted time of physical vigor and must ease up the strains to retain his health. There Is no reason except abuse why so many men break at fifty-five or sixty. They should be healthy until seventy or seventy-five, and It is our duty to snow bow. Muaiesl Sounds and Noise. It is a curious tact tbat musical •sands fly farther and are beard at a greater distance than those which sre more loud and noisy. If we go on the Wednesday, June 28, 1911 COUNT BY HAT. looped bow in the back, each loop b&ng edged with ball trimming. The hat itself is of coarse natural color straw. Wash materials for ihat trim ming and even for the hats them selves are among the millinery inno vations. One of tie latest novelties being a 'hat made of Turkish towel ing. This for beach wear. ENING FROCK. corsage the bottom of the elbow sleeves and dging the skirt portion of fihe tunic On bottom and front is a banding of gilt embroidery. A nar row width of old gold velvet marks the high waist line and a flat bow of the same finishes the point of the corsage. outside of a town (luring a~fak* at the distance of a mile we hear the musical Instruments, but tbe din of the multi tude, which is so overpowering In the place, can scarcely be beard, the noise dying on tbe spot To those who are conversant wltb the power of musical instruments tbe following observations will be understood: The violins made at Cremona a'bout tbe year 1600 are superior In tone to any of a later date, age seeming to dispossess them of their noisy qualities and leaving noth ing but the pure tone. If a modern violin Is played by tbe side of one of those Instruments it will appear much the loudtr of tbe two. but on receding a hundred paces when compared with the Cremona it will scarcely be beard. —London Globe. Tho Nebular Hypothesis. The nebular Hypothesis is the name generally given to tbe theory put forth by tbe celebrated Laplace in "Systeme du Monde" in tbe year 1796. His Idea was that tbe solar system was evolved mechanically from a vast diffused re volving nebula, and tbat nebulae were the early stages In the formation of planets and their satellites by cooling, condensation and contraction, accord ing to certain laws of mathematics. This theory was accepted by Sir Wil liam Herschel and. though at first bit terly opposed In many quarters, is now generally accepted by astronomers and scholars and Is taught In most schools and colleges-New York American. Bach day Is a stone In the great temple of life. Aim to hew the atone to that It will he four square to every wind that blows.