OCR Interpretation

Bismarck daily tribune. (Bismarck, Dakota [N.D.]) 1881-1916, May 29, 1912, Image 3

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of North Dakota

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85042242/1912-05-29/ed-1/seq-3/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

President laft Lends His En
dorsement to the Idea
for Decoration Day
Special to The Trlbuna.
ST, PAUL, May 29.—In twenty or
more states of the Union the children
in every public school will be urged
to wear a green sprig on May 30, as
an outward manifestation of their ap
preciation of the sacrifices made by
the soldiers of the Civil war. This
idea of universal adoption of the sprig
of evergreen for decoration day has
been suggested *o most public men
of the country by J. W. Hamilton,
sales manager for a large wholesale
dry goods house in St. Paul.
A few days ago President Taft
commended the idea In the following
language: "Mr Hamilton proposes
that the custom be established among
school children. I believe that it
might be extended to include all those
whose reverence for brave deeds and
lived sacrificed for the country create
in them tiee desire to pay some tri
bete lo the honor oi he dead and the
gallantly of those who still live. I
earnestly hope that the suggestion
will become a custom. It is all but
a small recognition for a great sacri
For over two years Mr. Hamilton
has taken time from his regular dut
ies to urge the adoption of this cus
tom upon governors, state superin
tendents of public instruction and of
ficers of various patriotic societies.
They all have given it their hearty
approval and have helped spread the
idea. It was first suggested by Mr.
Hamilton that the wearing of a but
ton signifying the importance of the
day to be worn by school children
and the public generally. It was soon
perceived however that the expense
of this button although small, would
prohibit Us universal use. There is
no one flower which is in bloom in
all parts of the United: States by the
last of May, so Mr. Hamilton hit up
on the idea of using the widely dis
tributed evergreen. The thought on
the part of many people that decora
tion day Is not being observed in the
way that it should be has tended to
spread the idea of universal use of
evergreen in memory of the passing
warriors. The state superintendent
of public instruction in Wisconsin, C.
P. Cary, has issued a circular to all
teachers in the state urging them to
adopt tine custom The same thing
has been done in Idaho, Illinois, Min
nesota. Colorado, Kansas, Maine,
New Jersey and Virginia and school
authorities have co-operated gener
ously in spreading the custom of
wearing a sprig of evergreen.
Mr. Hamiuon is hoping that the
patriotic societies of Canada andEng"
land will unite on this plan in recom
mending the wearing of evergreen on
May 30, in memory of the soldiers of
those countries. His idea goes fur
ther than this in the hope that
through this common custom tese na
tions may be drawn into still closer
bonds of Anglo Saxon sympathy.
We 'wear underwear in the
Summer time, to keep us clean.
Why buy the knee length and
leave the space between the
knee and the sox, bare.
BU the VASSAR and get a 3-4
length that just meets the top
of your sox. Thus protecting the
entire body.
R. L. BEST, Prop.
Special to The Trlbunr
WASHINGTON, May 29.—Unique
among the natural wonders lof
Amer-Aca is the lake in Oraiber Lake
National Park in Oregon, which is
descrdlbed in a. publication! lentiitleir
"Geological History of Crater Lake"
just issued by 'the department of the
interior. Tliie traveller who, from tine
rooky rim of itfhe lake, looks across
Jits limpid waters to the cliffs beyond
stands where once the molten lava of
Mount iMazama boiled' and seethed in
its efforts to find an outlet, for Crater
Lake is all that remains of a great
volcano that ages ago reared its lofty
summit high above the crest of the
•Cascade range.
Before tihe Cascade range existed
tlae a'egiqn now included tin the Stats
of Oregon was a great lava plateau
that extended from the Rocky moun
tains to the present Coast range.
Gradually mountain-making forces be
came operative the surface of the
as arched and there rose
a a W
the great mountain system whiten is
now known as the Cascade range.
With i)he hardening of the crust the
centers of eruption became fewer un
til they were confined to'a few hiigih
mountains that were bull.lt up by the
flows of molten lava. In this way
were created Hood', Rainier, and 'Maz
ama, from whose sides and lofty sum
mits streams of lava poured across a
desolate land. Hood and Rainiiier still
lift their srnowy caps to the clouas
and fling a defiant challenge to the
mountaineer to scale tiheir steep, 'ice
covered slopes. Mazana alone is
gone, engulfed in the earth from
which it came. In what is left of dts
caldera lies Crater Lake.
Mount Mazama in its prime rose to
a height of over 14,000 feet above the
sea. Mount Scott, which towers Ona
ter Lake on the east, was only a min
or cone on the slope of Mount Maz
ama. The portion of ithe mountain
that has been' destroyed was equal in
size of 'Mount Washington tin New
Hampshire and had a volume of 17
cubic miles.
iProm the crest of the rim surround
ing the lake the traveler beholds 20
tallies of unbroken cliffs whidh range
from 500 to nearly 2,000 feet in Iheight.
The clear waters of the lake reflect
the vivid colors of the surrounding
walls and whether in the soft glow
of early morning, ,*jn the glare of the
noonday sun, or In the rosy hues of
the dying day, .tihe view is one of awe
insTiriiing grandeur and beauty.
This publication contains a detailed
account of the froma'tJion of this
wonderful work of nature. It is
well illustrated by photographs and is
written in nontechnical language so
that it may be clearly understood by
the reader who 'has not Hhe advantage
tit so'entfflc training.
AH members of the U. C. T. kindly
take notice that our next regular
meeting will be held on Saturday,
June 1st. Bring in all your candi
dates for initiation on that night.
When you want good dairy butter
always call Logan's. Phone 211
120 3rd street.
Home 'Bread
Leads All. Do You Use It?
2 Big Loaves for $1.00. TRY IT
Wc have at all times
Pies, Cakes, Macaroons, Cookies,
Doughnuts, Rolls
And everything in pastries, delivery daily.
Soft Pies each Saturday. You are sure of the best
when you buy of
Hughes Bros9. Bakery
Phone 546
Fifth St.
Captain Smith of 11
1 Fated
Boat Dlamedfor Not Heed
ing Warnings
Laxity of British Board of
Trade Laws Also Severely
Recommended That Foreign
Steamship LawsBeRevised
By Associated Press.
WASHINGTON, May 28.—Blame
for the Titanic disaster is chargeable
directly to the failure of the dead
Captain Smith to heed repeated warn
ings of icebergs ahead, but responsi
bility for unnecessary loss of life
must be shared by Captain Lord: of
the steamship Californian, through
his disregard of distress signals.
This is the finding of the Senate Com
mittee which investigated the sink
ing of the Titanic, as prepared in a
comprehensive speech delivered by
William Alden Smith, of Michigan,)
Chairman of the Committee.
Senator Smith declared that re
sponsibility also rests upon the Brit
ish Board of Trade ,"to whose laxity
of regulation, and hasty inspection,
the world is largely indebted for the
awful fatality." In denouncing Cap
tain Lord, of the Californian, the
Senator said the Titanic's distress
signals were plainly seen from the
deck of his vessel a short distance
America will leave to England the
chastisement of those guilty assert
ed the Senator, and he quoted Brit
ish law to show that Captain Lord
might be prosecuted for a misdemean
Other conclusions presented, in
brief, were as follows:
Before the Titanic departed on her
maideu voyage there were no suffl
ciei.i tests of boilers, bulkheads,
equipment or signal devices.
Officers and crew were strangers
to each other and not familiar with
the ship's implements or tools, and
no drill or station practice took place
and no helpful descipline prevailed.
The speed of the Titanic was 24%
unles an hou a the time of the acci
dent, although officers of the Titanic
had been advised of the presence of
icebergs by the steamships Baltic.
Amerika and Californian.
Passengers were not advised of
danger, although President Ismay of
tie White Star Line, who was taking
the vessel'r. maiden \ovye, was in
formed. No general alarm was given
nor ar.y organized system of safety
Of the 1,324 passengers and 899
members of the crew on board, there
was room in lifeboats for only 1,176
persons, and because of lack of order
ly discipline the boats took off only
704 persons, 12 being rescued from
the water.
Officers of the White Star Line
"battled with the truth" after receiv
ing information from their Montreal
office Monday morning following the
Senator Smith condemned "anti
quated shipping lawn and overripe ad
ministrative boards" and asked that
all nations act together in shipping
reforms. "New laws," he said, "will
best testify our affection for the
Captain Rostron, of the rescue ship
Carpathia was praised by Senator
Smith and he urged that Congress
recognize his valor.
At the outset, Senator Smith de
fended the course of his committee
in holding British subjects to secure
their testimony without delay, and
briefly answered criticism of his lack
of nautical knowledge.
"Our course was simple and plain
—to gather the facts relating to this
disaster while they were still vivid
realities." he said. "Questions of di
verse citizenship gave way to the un
iversal desire for the simple truth.
It was of paramount importance that
we should act quickly to avoid juris
dictional confusion and organized op
position at home or abroad. We, of
course, recognized that the ship was
under a foreign flag but the lives of
many of our own countrymen had
been sacrificed and the safety of man
had been put in grave peril, and it
was viial that the entire matter
should be reviewed before an Amer
ican tribunal if legislative action was
to be taken for future guidance.
"Without any pretension to exper
ience or special knowledge of nauti
cal affairs, nevertheless I am of the
opinion that very few important
facts which were susceptible of being
known escaped our scrutiny. Energy
is often more desirable than learn
ing, and the inquisition serves a use
ful purpose to the State.
"In the construction of the Titan
ic," continued' the Senator, "no limit
of cost circumscribed their endeavor
and when this vessel took its place at
the head of the line every modern
Improvement in shipbuilding was sup
posed to have been realized so con
fident were they that both owner and
builder were eager to go upon the
trial trip.
"When the crisis came a state of
absolute unprepared-ness stupefied'
both passengers and crew and, in
their despair, the ship went down,
carrying as needless a sacrifice of no
ble women and brave men as ever
clustered about the Judgment Seat in
any single moment of passing time.
"We shall leave to the honest judg
ment of England its painstaking
chastisement of the British Board of
Trade, to whose laxity of regulation
and hasty inspection the world is
largely indebted for this awful fatal
ity. Of contributing causes there
were very many. In the face of warn
ing signals, speed was increased and
messages of danger seemed to stim
ulate her to action rather than to per
suade her to fear.
"The Titanic rushed onward on her
true course—one recognized as ap
propriate and agreed upon by mari
ners as the international highway for
westbounu vessels, yet dangerous at
this season of the year, when the
Labrador current may be bearing
vast masses of ice across the track
of ships—scores of these towering
glaciers planted themselves in the
very pathway of this ship and were
so large and so numerous that, in
the absence of fog, they should have
been easily discernible by the look
out, if, as he says in his testimony,
he had been supplied with glasses.
'Capt. Smith knew the sea and his
clear eye and steady hand had often
guided his ship through dangerous
paths for 40 years storms sought in
vain to vex him or menace his craft.
His indifference to danger was one
of the direct and contributing causes
of this unnecessary tragedy, while
his own willingness to die was the
expiating evidence of his fitness to
live those of us who Knew him well
—not in anger, but in sorrow—file
one specific charge against him, ov
erconfidence and neglect to heed the
oft-repeated warnings of his friends
but, in his horrible dismay, when his
brain was afire with honest retribu
tion, we can still see, in his manly
bearing and 'his tender solicitude for
the safety of women and little chil
dren, some traces of his lofty spirit.
"The mystery of his indifference to
danger, When other and less preten
tious vessels doubled their lookout or
stopped 'tiheir engines, finds no reason
able hypotheses lin con conjecture or
speculation1 science in shipbuilding
was supposed to have attained perfec
tion tnd to have spoken' her last word
mastery of the ocean had at last been
achieved' but overconfidence seems
to have dulled' the faculties usually
so alert. With Abe atmosphere liter
ally charged with warning signals and
wireless messages registering their
last appeal, the stokers in the engine
room fed their fires wiith fresh fuel,
registering in that dangerous place
her fastest speed.
"Nature gave a warning of ap
proaching peril so significant tjiiat
passengers in stateroom and steerage
shut out the chill and sjioke to one
another of the sudden cold. Sailors
off the Grand Banks know the im
portance of the thermometer, which
is almost as necessary to their safety
as is the compass. Even the quarter
master, Hiohens, who regularly took
the temperature of itihe water from
the sea, said: 'It suddenly became
bitter cold' and added1 that the first
orer received1 by him firom Second
Officer Lightcller at 8 o'clock Sunday
evening was 'to take his compliments
down to the sliip's carpenter and in
form him to look to his fresh water,
that it was about to freeze.'
Senator Smith declared that the
command of the officer of the iwatch
to avert the disaster actually exposed
the most vulnerable part cif the
Titanic to the ice when the shock
"Distracted by the sudden appear
ance of danger," saiid the speaker,
"he sharply turned aside the prow,
the part best prepared to resist col
lision, exposing the temple to the
bow at the 'turn of the blige the
Steele encasement yielded to a glanc
ing blow so slight that the impact was
not felt in many parts of the ship, al
though representing an energy of more
than a million foot tons, said to be
the equivalent of the combined broad
sides of 20 of the largest guns in
our battleship fleet fired at the same
moment, with a blow so 'deadly many
of the passengers and crew did not
even know of the collision until tardi
ly advised of the danger by anxious
friends, and even then official1 state
ments were clothed in such confident
assurance of safety as to arouse no
Senator Smith said that the awful
force of the Impact must 'have indi
cated to master and builder that the
ship was doomed. He commented
caustiscally upon the failure of the
ships officers immediiately to give gen
eral alarm or to establish some order
ly routine. Concerning the conduct
of the ship's officers he said:
"Haphazamd., they rushed by1 one
another, on staircase and in 'hallway,
while men of self control gathered
here and there about the deoks, ihelp
lessly startling at one another or giv
ing encouragement to those less cour
aegous than themselves. Lifeboats
were finally adjusted to ail and the
lifeboats were cleared away, and al
though strangely insufficient in num
ber, fwere only partially loaded and in
all instances unprovided wiLth com
passes and only three of them had
lamps. They were manned a© badly
that, in the absence of prompt relief,
they would have fallen easy victims
to the advancing ice floe, nearly 30
miles in width and rising 16 feet above
the surface of the water. Their dan
ger would 'have been as great as if
they had remained on the deck of the
broken hull, and if the sea had risen
these toy targets with over 700 ex
hausted people would have been help
lessly tossed about upon the waves
without food' and water.
"One witness swore that two of the
three stewards in her boat admitted
that they had never had an oar in
tneir hands before and did not even
know what the oarlock was for. The
lifeboats were fiilled so indifferently
and lowered so quickly that, according
to the uncontradicted evidence, nearly
500 people were needlessly sacrificed
to want orerly discipline in loading'
Che few that were provided. Audi yet
Sit id said by some well-meaning per-j
sons that tihe best of discipline pre-1
vailed. If this is discipline what
would have 'been disordered?
"Among the passengers were many
strong men who had been accustomed
to command, whose 'IHvea had marked
every avenue of endeavor, and whose
business experience and military
training especially fitted tihem for
such an emergency. These were rud
ely silenced and forbidden to speak,
as was the president of the company,
by junior officers, a few of whom, I
regret to say, availed themselves' of
'the first opportunity to leave the ship.
Some of the men, to whom had been
intrusted the care of passengers,
n^ver reported to their official sta
tions, and quickly deserted the ship
with a reeklessnevS and indifference
to the responsibilities of their posi
tions as culpable and amazing as it
is impossible to believe. And smie of
these men say they 'laid by" in t'heir
partially filled lifeboats and listened
to the cries of distress 'until the noise
quited down' and surveyed from a
safe distance the unselfish men and
women and faithful fellow officers
and seamen, whose heroism lightens
up this tragedy and recall the noblest
traditions of the sea.."
Tributes to the valor of Phillips
and Bride, the wireless operators on
the Titanic, wieire paid by Senator
'Smith. He saiid that the final exit of
the Phillips boy was "not so swift as
to prevent 'him from pausing long
enougih to pass a cup of water to a
fainting woman." The senator show
ed that had not the underpaid wire
less operator on the Carpathia pre
pared for bed with hio receiver still
on his ihead the Titanic's distress
signals never would have been re
ceived by ithe rescue ship.
"When the world iweeps together
over a common Joss," said Senator
Smith, "all nations should take steps
wisely to regulate wirelessi telegraphy
and see that operators are fairly
paid." He oondemmed the "reign of
silence" concerning the details of the
disaster. In condemning the faiilure
of the Californian to learn all about
tine disaster before the Titanic sank,
and go to her rescue, Senator Smith,
"Tne steamship Californian was with
in easy reach of this ship far nearly
four hours after all the facts were
known to Operator Cottam. The cap
tain of the Carpathia says he gave
explicit directions that all official mes
sages should be immediately sent
through other ships, and messages of
passengers should be given prefer
ence. According to Binns, the inspec
tor, the apparatus on the Californian
was practically new and easily tuned
to carry every detail of that calamity
to tire coast stations at Cape Stable
and 'Cape Race, and should have done
"T'he course taken was singularly
in accord with the reticence of the
officials of the White Star Co.. who
knew at 2:30 (Monday morning," said
the Senator, 'what was supposed to
have occured. and °t, at 7:51 Monday
evening a message from tiheir own
office, officially signed, containing the
positive assurance of the safety of
the passengers, was sent to a half
crazed father at Huntington, W. Va.,
nearly two hours after their admitted
familiarity with details of the disas
ter. It is little wonder that we have
not been able to fix with deflniteness
Vie author of this fasehood."
Senator Smith reviewed the testi
mony of Captain Lord, showing that
the Californian came within four
miles of the doomed vessel and that
he went to his room to lie down
whiiile the signal rockets were being
"Failure of Captain Lord to arouse
fllie wireless operator on .his sthip, who
easily could have ascertained the
name of the vessel in distress and
reached her in time to avert loss of
life," said Senator Smith, "places a
tremendous responsibility upon this
officer from which it will be difficult
for him to escape."
"Contrast, if you will, the conduct
of the captain of tfhe Carpathia in this
emergency and imagine what must
the consolidation of that thoughtful
and sympathetic mariner, who res
cued the shipwrecked and left the
people of the world Ms debtor as his
ship sailed for distance seas a few
days ago. By his utter self-efface
ment and his own indifference to peril
by his promptness and his knightly
sympathy, he rendered* a great service
to humanity. He should' be made to
realize the debt of gratitude tihis Na
tion owes to him, while the book of
good deeds, which has so often been
familiar with his nuaffected valor,
would henceforth carry the name of
Captain Rostron to the remotest per
iod of time.
"The lessons of this hour." said
Senator Smith in' conclusion!, "are.
indeed, fruitless and its precepts will
conceived if rules of action do not
follow hard upon the day of reckon
ing. Obsolete and antiauated ship
ping laws should no longer encumber
the parliamentary records of any
government, and overripe administra
tive boards should be pruned of dead
branches and less sterile precepts'
taught and applied."
Senator Smith recommended that
lanes of travel should be more care
fully defined, strength of ships' bows
increased, life saving equipment bet
tered, and discipline and practice
made an exaction. He said buoys
slhould be carried to mark temporarily
Real Estate and Farm Loans
Farm Lands and Loans Anywhere in
the Missouri Slope
the place of the ship's burial in case
of accident and men of strength and
spirit there must be, won back to a
calling already '©moralized and de
"But 10 per cent of the men bnfo:*e
the mast lin our merchant marine are
natives or naturalized Americans," he
said. "Even England, that 20 years
ago had barely 7,000 Orientals on her
merchant ships, now carries over
70,000 of that alien mace. Americans
must reenlist in this service, they
must become tihe soldiers of the sea,
and, whether An the lookout, on the
deck or at the wheel, whether able
of mommon seamen they should be
better paid for their labor and more
hig)hi]y honored in their calling their
nights must be respected, and thieiir
work carefully performed harsh and
severe restraining statutes' must be
repeated, and a new dignity given
this important field of labor."
Just before delivering his speech
Senator Smith submitted the report
of the sub-committee and its conclu
sions. Among the conclusions reach
ed by committee was: supposedly wa
ter tight compartments of the Titan
ic, were not really water tight.
"The Californian controlled by the
same concern as the Titanic nearer
than 90 miles as reported by the of
ficers and crew, saw the distress sig
fornian might have saved all who
went down. The mysterious lights on
the unknown ship seen by passen
gers on the Titanic were undoubted
ly on the Californian less than nine
teen miles away. J. Bruce Ismay
was not held responsible for the
ship's high speed, and is only once
mentioned in the report. Of the mes
sage sent at 7:51 Monday evening on
April 15, to Representative J. A.
Hughes, at Huntington, W. Va., re
porting the Titanic being towed into
Halifax, the report says:
"Whoever sent this message, under
the circumstances, is guilty of the
most reprehensible conduct."
It is recommended that a revision
be made of the steamship inspection
laws of foreign countries to the stan
dard proposed in the United States,
that every ship he required to carry
sufficient life boats for all passengers
and crew, that the use of the wire
less be regulated to prevent interfer
ence by amateurs, and that all ships
have a wireless operator on constant
Because It Lowers Vitality—What
to Do.
It is not the disease itself, but the
dangerous complications that follow
it, that people fear with such good
reason the lingering coughs, the ter
rible weakness, and the liability of
being attacked by pleurisy, pneumon
ia or some other serious ill.
We say it is highly important to
free the system of every trace of
grip an dnothing is so good for this
as Vinol, our delicious cod liver and
iron preparation which creates
strength and builds up the body.
Mrs. C. L. Edwards, Long Brench,
N. J., says: "Last February I had a
very bad attack of grip and it left me
with a terrible cough. For fully six
weeks I coughed a great deal, and
nothing had any effect on it, until I
tried Vinol which soon gave me re
lief and has since brought about a
complete cure."
Can anything be more convincing
that Vinol is just what you need to
build you up and make you strong?
We guarantee it most positively.
Finney's Drug Store, Bismarck. N.
Tribune Building
Branch Offices: Balfour, Dogder Flasher and Elgin, N. D.
The Remington
Creates or Acquires Everything
Worth While in
The No. 10 and No. 11 Visible Remington
Models represent the sum total of all type
writer achievement—past and present.
They not only supply, but they anticipate
every need of every user of the writing
They supply Visible Writing under new
conditions—without sacrifice of strength,
durability or efficiency. These Visible
Remingtons have the drop-forged
type bars, the wide pivot bearings,
and every other distinctive feature
on which Remington supremacy
is based.
They have other features, new to the
Remington and new to the writing
machine. The Column Selector,
the Built-in Tabulator, the Tabulator Set Key and the Adding and Sub
tracting Typewriter ate the very latest contributions to typewriter progress.
Remington Typewriter Company
406 2nd Ave. So. Minneapolis, Minn
nals of the Titanic, and failed to re- arrange to pay the local expenses of
spond. the inspector while a.t your town we
The committee concludes the Cali-, n,j
By H. L. Bolley
Inspection of Brome Grass Fields
We wisin to aid the dealers of this
state in securing as much home
grown Brome Grass seed which is
free from Quack-grass as they can
disjpose of. Last season we examined'
a number of fields and recommended
for seed those in wihiioh we could find
no Quack-grass. In order to leam to
what extent the dealers were able to
profit by this work, and to plan for
this season's work, we wislh to ask
you to fill out the answers to the fol
lowing questions and return to us be
fore June 1st.
1. How much seed dijd you secure
from the field which we examined!
last summer?
2. Did it prove satisfactory?
3. Have you mirchasers been in
terestetl in the matter?
4. How mnich a:ed d: you estimate
you could use next year?
I *). To what extent, can you aid us
in such woiik tUis reason?
fi. If you wish fiells inspected im
your neighborhood this year and will
competent man to
inspecy aln fipids whiioh youmay desire
to have visited. You could possibly
arrange to have the farmers cooper
ate witih you in thiis matter.
124 HOURS!
Each Cap
sule bears (MID'
the nameJf^
Beware qfcounterfetft]
Special In
Ice Cream"Freezers
Have you a good ice cream freezer?
We carry in stock the four best makes
im the market and can supply your
yan'ts to your entire satisfaction. A
good freezer is a great labor saver
arad will last again as long as a poor
quality. Below we quote you excep
tional low prices and the best ito the
%-quart White Mountain Freezer, $1.25
1-quart White Mountain Freezer, $1.65
2-quart White Mountain Freezer, $2.25
3-quart White Mountain Freezer. $2.65
6-quart White (Mountain Freezer, $3.95
1-quart Arctic Fr?zo Freezer... .$1.50
2quart Arctic Freezo Freezer $1.85
3-quart Arctic Fre?zer $2.39
4-quart Arctic Freezer $2.75
6 quart Arctic Freezer $3.39
2-quart D?na Fre.zer $2.25
3-quart Dma Freezer $2.65
4-quai Dana Freezer $3.25

xml | txt