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Sc. 7 i?'.' -L" 'w STAND PUT All Armed Merchantmen to Be Sunk Without Warning of Any Kind. FLAT REFUSAL TO COMPROMISE EXPECTED Principles Laid Down in the Lusi tania Case Will Not Apply. Washington, Feb. 18.—-Germany's response to the latest request of the United .States for assurances that sub marine warfare will be conducted in accordance with established princi ples of international law is expected here to be a flat statement that as surances previously given in the Lusi tania and Arabic cases had to do only with unarmed vessels, and that the German government must' feel cer tain that its submarines, which warn a merchant ship, will not be attack ed. Furthermore, the Berlin foreign office probably will ask the United States for its definition of defensive armament. 'Reply Indicated. Indications, of what the German re ply may be are understood to have been given in informal conversation between state department officials and Teutonic diplomats since they an nounced their intention of sinking all armed merchantmen after February 2D. The United States today made its first formal declaration that it does riot accept as legal tlie announced: intehtion of the Teutonic powers, when the state department sent to the consular representatives abroad, for their information, notification that this government considers that mer chant ships have a right to carry de fensive armament. The dispatches contained excerpte frou) newspaper articles s'ettirtg" ifdHh tlie position of the United Slates. .. s.» Swedes to Keep Off Crafts. •In this connection it became known the. the Swedish government bad in structed its consular officers to ad vise all' (Swedish subjects preparing to' embark* on vessels of the Entente allies of the warning given by Ger many and Austria. It. is considered certain that the question Of defining the defensive armament will be the basis of lengthy negotiations with the Central powers, beginning when the reply is received to the message outlining the views of the United States, which Count von Bernstorff, the German ambas sador, has sent his government. In this message, the ambassador trans mitted at some length the views ex plained to him by Secretary Lansing. The response is not expected before the last of next week. It was admitted at the state depart ment today that the question of writ ing a formal note on the subject of the conduct of subamrine warfare af ter the complete German declaration and its appendix had been received, was under consideration. It is cer tain that Austria also will be supplied with the views of the United States, although so far as can be ascertained, no steps in this direction have as yet been taken. SEN. LODGE DENOUNCES TEUTON SUBMARINEPOtlGY Washington,' Feb.' 18,—Germany's announced intention of destroying without warning armed- merchantmen of her enemies was. denounced in .the senate today by Republican senators, who declared that for the" United States to acquiesce in such a practice would be -humiliating and a step' to ward war, Senator Lodge, ranking minority member ol the foreign relations com mittee, started' the discussion by de livering a-long -prepared address re viewing international law. relating to the arming of merchantmen for de fense, and' 'declaring it was incon ceivable that the United States at this time would abandon a principle for which it always, had. stood Such a step,, he insisted, would bo an unneutral act'and virtually would make the 'United States an ally of the nation whose commerce has 'been swept from, tbe seas Senator Sterling of South Dakota followed with a speech assailing Ger many, and 'charging that the Ameri can government,- in its recent- memor andum to .the. Entente- allies suggests ing the disarming of merchantmen, had put forward a dangerous prin ciple and had encouraged, if not in vited, the -action -of Germany REJECT VOTES- FOfl 4i M: S'-itg1- .... The Wemer WOMEN AMENDMENT. Richmond, .Ya., Jf?eb. .18.^A. resolu tion. proposing a referendum of wo man's suffrage was rejected by the Virginia house' of delegates today, mm: "*r State Bank Examiner G. J. John son has compiled a comparative state ment of the state banks and trust companies doing business in North Dakota,*for calls at tbe close of busi ness December 31, 1914, and Decem ber 31, 1915. The statement is by far the most interesting which 'has ever been giv en out in the state, and spells pros perity, witlr a great big capital S and in letters as high as a house. The total resources for 1915 show an increase of $19,145,519.83 over the During the examination of witness es, Levi Mayer of Chicago, counsel of the bankers, declared that the Har vester company had furnighed funds used by revolutionists against the Car ranza government in Mexico. Walter L. Fisher, former secretary of the interior and counsel for the company, declared that if any of the money paid by the company for sisal ever w?nt to arms dealers it was spent by Mexicans after they had re ceived it in payment for sisal. K.C,Banquet Is Threatened By Letters New York, Feb. 18.—Extraordinary precautions were taken by the police tonight to protect guests at the Knights of Columbus ball at Madison Square Garden from possible attacks by anarchists. Letters purporting to have been written by Jean Crones, the fugitive chef, suspected of having poisoned the food served at the ban quet in Chicago, have contained threats which led to the fear that some attempt might be made on the lives of those who attended the ban quet. BANKERS SENTENCED TO THREE YEARS Ottawa, 111., 'Feb. 18.—John E. Hart enbower, president, and George D. Hiltsrand, cashier, of the Tonica Ex change bank, were found guilty today of.receiving deposits after having knowledge of the insolvency of the bank. Each was sentenced to three years in prison and a fine of $128. LEADER NEUTRAL ON CAPITAL REMOVAL la answer to many inquiries, let the Leader a gains say that it has not taken any part nor will it take any part in the contro versy over the removal of the state capital from Bismarck. It has determined to be absolutely neutral on thife ftuestion—it is not a part of the League program—and therfefofo'will not discuss the question editorially or take sides one way or the other.' Whatever has appeared in our columns on this subject is as 'paid advertising from the Capital Removal Association of New Rockfol'd, to which city the attempt is being made to remove the state capital.—Non-Partisan Leader, Fargo. Comparative Statement of North Dakota State Banks for the Years 1914 and '15 TOTAL RESOURCES FOR THE YEAR 1915 SHOW REMARK ABLE INCREASE OF PRACTICALLY TWENTY MILLION DOLLARS. WAXES I Declared Combine Is Holding the Raw Material for a Rise in Prices. Washington, iFeb. 18.—Charges ami counter charges were heard today by the senate committee on agriculture, investigating tbe American Helling agency of the Yucatan sisal growers combine. Representatives Qf.Mifl-com-, bine and "of "the "Sahk^T^lw^flnanc ed it insisted that the growers were conipellcd to organize to get a fair price for their products from the In ternational Harvester company, their principal purchaser, while spokesmen of the IHarvester company and other sisal buyers asserted that the com bine was holding sisal at New York for arbitrarily high prices and had put American importers out of com mission. Nicaraguan Treaty Ratified By Senate, Giving Nation an Option on Route and Base .Washington, Feb. 18.—The senate late today, by a vote of 55 to rati fied the long pending and persistently opposed Nicaragua treaty, whereby the United States would acquire a 99 year option on the Nicaraguan r^ute and a naval base in the gulf of Fon sea, for 19,000,000. Included in the ratification resolu tion. was a provision declaring that 4 previous year. The capital stock of state banks show an increase of practically half a million. Savings deposits increased about the same amount. Time and demand deposits showed an increase of over seventeen millions. According to the most authentic figures obtainable, the total deposits in banks within the state are over $111,000,000, the total deposits of Minnesota banks are $551,219,000, (Continued on Page Two) Schmidt Is Electrocuted At Sing Sing Ossining, N. Y., Fob. 18.—Hans Schmidt, former priest, was electro cuted at Sing Sing today for the mur der of Anna Mueller September 2, 191::. Schmidt went quietly to Hie death chamber, accompanied by the princi pal keeper and Rev. Father Casliin, the prison chaplain. Leaving the deatli house, he said good-bye to Itegnr nrjyt wlien- ho -entered the chamber, the guards attempted to direct him to ward the chair, but Schmidt gently shook them off and insisted on ad dressing the 17 witnesses. He said: "Gentlemen, I ask forgiveness of all those I have injured or scandalized. 'I forgive all who have injured me. My last wish is to say good-bye to my dear old mother." Eastland Trial Fizzled Out Grand Rapids, iMicli., Feb. 18 Holding that the government has fail ed to make out a case against the six men indicted in connection with the steamer Eastland disaster in Chi cago last July, Judge Sessions in the United States district court here, this afternoon handed down a decision de nying the government's application for the removal of th$ 'asccu^ia ^er sons to the jurisdiction Of "the federal court for the Northern District of iNorthern Illinois. 'By the terms of the decision, the indictments against George P. Arnold, William H. Hull, Robert Reid, Chas. C. Eckliff, Harry Pederson and Joseph F. Erickson are held insufficient so far as they can be applied to hold the six men on the charges of negligence and conspiracy, charged against them MEW PASTOR IN MINOT FIELD Minot, in. D., Feb. 18.—At a meet ing of the First Congregational chuch held at the close of the service on Sunday night, a unanimous call to the pastorate was extended to Rev. H. iMartin Peterson of E'ranford, Conn. The church people are much pleased with the services rendered by Mr. Peterson, and are very hopeful that he will accept the call. Mr. Peterson will take the matter under careful consideration, and will make known his decision as soon as possible. He left for Connecticut on iMonday after noon, and it is hoped will return early in March to commence regular work with the church. the United States in obtaining the na val base does not intend to violate any existing rights in the Fonseca gulf of Costa Rica, Honduras and Sal vador, which had protested against Five democratic senators voted against the treaty. They were: Chamberlain, Martine, Clarke of Ar (Contimied on Page Two) w? 1 iasai IWpl THIRTY-SIXTH TEAS, NO. 43 (NEWS OF THE WORLD) BISMARCK, NORTH DAKOTA, SATURDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 19, 1916. (BY ASSOCIATED PRESS) VIVE CENTS S Liar, Crook and Other Epithets Enliven the Oklahoma Legis lature. INK BOTTLES AND PAPER WEIGHTS ARE WEAPONS One Member Is Knocked Down and Rendered Uncon scious. Oklahoma City, Feb. 18.—Tumultu ous scenes occurred in the Oklahoma house of representatives late today while the members were voting on a section of an election law designed to take, the place of the famous "Grand father Law" which was recently de clared unconstitutional by the United States supreme court because, in ef fect, it disenfranchised the negro pop ulation of the sta,tjjfe." •Partisan feejUng" over the new meas ure finally culminated in an outbreak, precipitated by charges of corruption and the passing of the lie between members, during which ink bottles, paper weights and tjther fixtures of the members' deskS' were used as weapons, and a set battle seemed in evitable as Democrats massed and ad vanced toward the Republicans and Socialists. Knocks Down Representative. Arthur H. Geissler, chairman of the Republican state central committee, was knocked down and rendered un conscious by Representative Loris E. Bryant. The proposed law is I lie product of a Democratic caucus. It had passed the senate and was up for final pas sage in the house late today with Re publican and Socialist members otter ing vigorous opposition. Geissler was on the floor through the courtesy of a visitor's permit. Charaea tinfairness. e' erat, liad voted/in flavor of the propos ed law, and as he announced his vote, Representative Sams, Republican, taunted Nesbitt as being "unfair to Republicans." Nesbitt replied that he was raised in a section where the Republicans had overridden him with corrupt practices and he had no de sire to be fair with Republicans. "They probably took you for the crook that you are," shouted Sams. Calls Him a Liar. "If you make that charge, you are a liar," replied Nesbitt. Sams arose in his seat and in an attitude of defiance shouted toward the Democratic members of the house: "Come on." In an instant, every Democratic and Republican member of the house was oh his feet. Then the ink bottle and paper weight battle ensued. A. C. itfcCrorey, the speaker of the house, left his chair and rushed out of the legislative hall. The Democrats greatly outnumber ed the Republican non-combatants and after the volley of lee finally died out books, the me of its own accord. CASE GOULDJIOT AGREE Out Over 25 Hours Civil Cases Are Now Being Called in District Court. The jury in the case of the State versus IFrank Montgomery of Bis marck, who was tried in district court on a statutory charge, disagreed, af ter being out for over 25 hours. The case was given to the jury at 9:15 Thursday morning and it had not reached a verdict at noon Friday, •when Judge W. L. Nuessle discharged them. Carl 'Hanson was found not guilty by a jury late Thursday night. Han son was tried on a charge of robbery. With the case of Fred Carley, charg ed with gambling, discontinued until the May term of court, the list of criminal cases for this term is com pleted. Roy D. Young of Wilton, who was found guilty on a charge of keeping for sale intoxicating liquors as a bev erage, was sentenced Friday after noon by Judge Hanley of IMandan to 90 days in jail and a fine of $200 and costs. The first civil case to be called yes terday was that of Ray Sandry ver sus L. M. Johnson. The case will be given to the jury this morning and the next one to be called will be that of S. F. Lambert and L. E. Smith, co partners as Lambert & Smith, versus Wlilliam Nelson. This last case grows out of an automobile collision which occurred on the penitentiary road. .THE WEATHER. ... A North Dakota: Fair -Saturday and Sunday: moderate tempera ture. 'ft :st stu Robinson of Arkansas Asks for Searching Investigation of Service. WORK HANDLED IN VERY "ROTTEN WAY" Letters Between Army Officers Are Offered in Substan tiation. Washington, Feb. 18.—Sensational charges against the army aviation service with a demanu for immediate investigation by congress, were made today before the senate military com mittee by Senator Robinson of Arkan sas. He declared that the service was' "contemptibly inefficient" and that its head lieutenant, Colonel Sam uel Reber,!not only was making no ef fort to improve it, but deliberately was preventing the facts from reach ing his superior. Has Mass of Data. The senator appeared before the committee with a mass of data, in cluding photographic copies of let ters which he said had been exchang ed between Col. Reber and Captain Arthur S. Cowan, commanding the aviation station at San Diego. (At least, part of this evidence was pro duced before the court martial at San Francisco, which recently tried Lieut. Col. Lewis E. Goodyear, judge advo cate general of the Western depart ment, accused of improperly altering certain charges filed by other officers against Captain Cowan. Findings of Commission. The findings of this court now are in the hands of a special commission of army officers, appointed by the act ing secretary of war to make a report to President Wilson. Senator Robinson read liberal ex cerpts from his photograph of letters Wnfl (Jtidted Capmin CoSvan as "wrltiftg to Col. Reber that if the service ever came under investigation by any one outside the signal corps, it would be impossible to explain the "rotten way in which the work has been handled." Other letters were produced to show that favoritism was practiced in the promotion of men in the service. Practiced Deceit. The senator charges that Col. Re ber promoted Captain Cowan to prac tice "contemptible deceit" toward congressmen who visited the aviation station and that he attempted to get into the annual appropriation bill in connection with the items for the pur chase of airships a provision for the purchase of "accessories" with which to buy automobiles. He said the col onel wrote that the word "accessor ies" would be like "charity and cover a multitude of sins." Explosion in Plant Making War Supplies Syracuse, Feb. 18.—Four persons were killed, at least a dozen others injured, some seriously, and heavjf property damage was caused by an explosion tonight in the Split Rock plant of the Somet-Solvey Co. The plant, which has developed since the outbreak of the European war, is one of the largest in the country engaged in the manufacture of pioric acid, which is used in ex plosives, arid synthetic dyes. It has been heavily guarded day and night. The cause of the explosion has not been ascertained. C. C. DANIELS OUT. Minneapolis, iMinn., Feb. 18.—Chas. C. Daniels, brother of Josephus Dan iels, secretary of the navy ,who has been handling the several hundred cases brought by the government to set aside land transfers made by In dians on the White Earth reserva tion, and who was succeeded recently by F. J. Kearful, announced today that he had decided to quit the gov ernment service. Mr. Daniels, declining an appoint ment as counsel under Mr. Kearful, said he could not agree with the new policy of 'Mr. Kearful in handling the cases. Fargo, Feb. 18.—After seven years of wheat milling experiments con ducted in co-operalion with the grain standardization service of the federal department of agriculture, Prof. E. F. Ladd of the North Dakota experiment station announced tonight that there is not much difference in the quality of flour milled from the various AT Turks Suffered Terrible Losses in Defending Their City Against the Russians. TEUTONS CAPTURE ALBANIAN CITY Ministry of Briand Wins Out Against Opposition by Heavy Vote. London, Feb. 18.—While full details of the capture of Erzerum, Turkish Armenia, are still lacking, scmi-offi clal advices from Petrograd are to the effect that most of the Turkish garrison made their escape. Thous ands of Armenians are declared to have been massacred by Kurds before the evacuation. There has been considerable artil lery activity around the positions tak en recently from the 'British in the vicinity of Ypres and several at tempts by the British to recapture their lost ground by infantry attacks. Berlin says the attacks were repuls ed with heavy casualties. Uy the capture of Kavaya, it would seem that the Teutons have Duruzzo almost, surrounded. Constantinople reports that Essad IPaslia has been deprived of his rank an3" removed frprtt the Tiirklsh army list, for having assumed the leader ship of the provisional government of Albania and joined the ranks of the Entente allies. "The completeness of the defeat sustained by the Turks and In Hot Pursuit. "The remnants of the Turkish ar my, chased by our troops, are fleeing in disorder at many points in differ ent directions. A severe- snow storm has failed to cool the ardor of our men in pursuit, who are close on the heels of the enemy and are annihilat ing them and taking them prisoners at the end of the column. "A number of other trophies taken and Turkish soldiers captured in the vast region of Erzerum are being tab ulated." Capture Albanian Town. The capture of Kavaya, Albania, 80 miles southwest of iDurazzo, capital of Albania, by Austro-Hungarian troops, assisted by Albanians, is an nounced in the official report of the Austro-Hungarian headquarters re ceived here today, which says the garrison there was composed of Es wad Pasha's gendarmes, who escaped capture by flight on board a ship. The ministry of Aristide Briand was triumphant in the ciiamber of deputies today over the extreme so cialists and the radical socialists, who, after long preparation, sought to overthrow the government on the question whether it was not delegat ing too much authority to the gener al staff. The proposed attack on the ministry had been common talk in parliamentary quarters for a month past. It was based more on political rivalries than on real differences over the/ conduct of the war. IMr. Briand met his opponents by declining reso lutely to have their questions discuss ed in the chamber and demanded a vote of confidence in the movement. This was given, 394 to 169. SKI JUMPING RECORDS BEATEN BY BIO MARGIN Steamboat Springs, Colo., 'Feb. 18. —All ski jumping records were brok en in the annual mid-winter ski car nival here today by Ragnar Notvedt, the Chicago professional, who cleared a distance of 192.9 feet. The former world's record was 177 fete, held by Amble Omundsen of the University Ski club of Christiania, Norway. Ladd Finds Low Grade Wheat Makes as Good Flour as Very Best Type grades of wheat and that the "differ ences are more often in favor of the lower grades of wheat." The result of the experiments which were conducted in a mill built especially for the purpose is expected to furnish a new basis for grading wheat or at least for determining price differences. *f?*tS*gjl(fp if-"- PRESIDENT WORST APPEARS E OF TO SUV the teVri- ble losses they suffered in the Erze rum lighting are becoming more and more clear," an official statement says. "The forts and fortress itself and country are full of dead." *W-JM JLasf Edition i&fci 0f 41. OTHER QUESIRS OCCUPY THE THE OF STATE Worst Says That Authority tt Agricultural College Should. Be Under One Head, EXPECTED FIREWORKS FAIL TO MATERIALIZE! Matter Will Be Discussed by B* gents Today and Formal Report Made. President J. H. Worst of the State Agricultural college at Fargo appeal* ed before the state board of regents yesterday, in the interests of the Ag ricultural college. Stories printed in a Fargo paper to the effect that Pres ident Worst would deliver an ulti matum to the board were errppeous. The looked-for fireworks did not ma terialize, and President Worst gave the board some valuable information in regard to the state farm-school. The Agricultural eollege is practi cally under two heads at the present time, with all- the resultant confu sion and ill-feeling which follow1 such conditions. Before the state board of regents came into bteing the old board of trustees of the college put Thomas A. Cooper in charge of the college extension work, and also the experiment station. His authority has been co-ordinate with that of the president since the change was made, mid more or lose frMon has resulted* The board has not as yet announced what policy will be followed at the college, and will likely not do so un til the report of the educational sur vey is completed by Dr. E. B. Craig head. 1 Board Not 'Responsible. The board of regents"had absolute ly nothing to do with bringing about the present condition at the Agricul tural college. They took charge of all state educational institution!# last July, and have made few changes as yet in any of the institutions. The board has gone about the work in a systematic manner and were more than glad to have conditions at the Aggie college clearly explained 'by President /Worst. Favor One Head. While the board did not take any official action in the matter yesterday, the individual members were unan imously in favor of one head for the Agricultural college. However, the matter will be thoroughly discussed today, and some plan arrived at. The following plan was suggested by President Worst: To the State 'Board of Regens. Gentlemen: I beg to submit the following for your consideration and adoption as a remedy for existing ad ministrative difficulties under which the Agricultural College management has labored for the past two years, and which, in my opinion, has not only greatly impaired the efficiency of the college, but the present adminis trative organization is unquestionably in violation of both federal and state law. The state board of regents, with a view to providing for a closer and more perfect co-ordination of all de partments and divisions of the North Dakota Agricultural college, hereby revokes all previous acts of its board of trustees to the contrary, and es tablishes in general terms the follow* ing memoranda of organisation, to» wit': 1. For administrative purposes the college shall be divided into three main divisions, viz: (1) Teaching (2) Experimentation (3) Extension Work. Each of these divisions shell be provided with an administrative officer with the direct management of its affairs. 2. The college shall have one chief executive head, the president, and the directors of the teaching, experi ment station, and extension depart ments or divisions shall be subordi nate to the president and under his general direction as provided for by Section 1109 of the Political Code, as follows: "The president shall be the chief executive officer of the college, and it shall be his duty to see that all rules and regulations, are executed, and the subordinate officers and em ployes, not members of the college faculty, shall be under his direction and supervision." Provided, however, that for tbe present and until funds are available, the president may act as director of the teaching work of the college, and that these directors and the president shall constitute an •administrative board, empowered to determine the lines of work, the division of the work under the three divisions or braaci— named, an£ the selection of competent assistants and employes and their as signment of work, and to (Continued on Page !•#),'