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-i iiV". t- a f?y I:.: rr I -&3U- Rules Committee of House Hear Startling Facts on Poor Regulation. MANY CHILDREN BECOME INFECTED Nation-Wide Probe of Conditions to Be Urged in Halls of Congress. Washington, A,pril 20.—Impure dairy products which are being con sumed daily by the American people in more or less large quantities were discussed today before the rules com mittee of the house of representatives when that body held an official hear ing on the resolution of Representa tive J. Charles iLinthicum of Mary land, calling for the appointment of a congressional committee to make a nation-wide probe of the unwhole some conditions alleged to prevail in the dairy and creamery business in many parts of the country. Expert Testimony. Rxporl testimony was given to I ho effect that an investigation would be a good thing for the country, if only to establish the truth or the falsity of the charges that there is a great deal of tuberculosis in dairy cows, which is transmitted to children and that at least the desirability of hav ing federal inspection of milk, butter and cheese should be looked into. Among the witnesses were: Dr. A. D.- 'Melvin. chief of the federal bu reau of animal industry Dr. John R. •Mohkc.*, assistant chief off the Ibu reau, and prominent women dele gates sent down from women's or ganizations and civic societies in New York and Philadelphia. Those, who testified on the other side of the mat ter were: Dr. G. L. McKay, secre tary of the American Association of Creamery Butter Manufacturers, and .Mr. William Creasy, secretary of the National Dairy Union. .. liepresenlative _Po,u of NorJh Caro liiia presided as acting chairman of the comniiittee Other members of the committee who participated in the discussion Were: Lenroot of Wis consin, Campbell of 'Kansas, Chiper field of Illinois, Garrett of Tennessee and Cantrill of Kentucky. Repre sentatives lHaugen of [ovva and Sloan of Nebraska, although not members of tlie committee, also questioned the witnesses. Conducted Hearing. Representative Linthicum conduct ed the hearing personally, assisted by Ralph iH. Case of Washington, gen eral counsel, and John H. Ferguson, president of the Maryland Federation of Labor and the District of Colum bia Federation of Labor. Among the exhibits presented by Mr. Linthicum were resolutions and letters of en dorsement. from 42'0 state and city health and food officials, labor unions, civic organizations, women's clubs and societies for the study and pre vention of tuberculosis, from all pars of the country. Something Wrong. Articles pointing out emphatically that something is wrong with the dairy business of the country wer| presented from Hoard's Dairyman, owned and edited by former Gover nor Hoard of Wisconsin, the Chicago Dairy Produce and the American iFood Journal. In this connection the state ment was made that of the 1,500,001) pounds of butter produced annually in this country only 15 per cent is first, grade. When questioned by iMr. Case Dr. Melvin said that a large percentage of the dairy products used by the American people is not wholly fit for consumption. He declared that local inspection is not sufficeint that he does not. know of a single state which has a comprehensive inspection sys tem, and that there is still room for improvement even though conditions are better now than in 1912. Disease Among Children. ®r. E. C. Schroadder, federal go| ernment expert on tuberculosis in dairy products, testified that tubercu losis from bovine infection is a rath er common disease among children. He quoted 'New York Health Depart (Continued on Page Two) SLEET STOW AT Wires Are Heavily Laden With Ice In Danger of Breaking Under Strain. Dickinson, April 20.—Nearly three inches of snow has fallen here this afternoon and evening. Sleet is cling ing to the wires and some of the tele graph and telephone wires are so heavily laden that' it is feared they will give way and disrupt the service. The storm started here early Wednes day morning and has, while not snow ing very fast, kept it up steadily all day. One Dead in Dayton, Ohio From Tornado Wind Reached Velocity of- Sev enty-Two Miles an Hour. Prop erty Damage Great. Dayton, O., April 20.—A heavy wind storm, accompanied by light ning, swept over Dayton today, kili jing one man and damaging much property. For a brief period the wind obtained a Velocity of 72 miles an hour. Ernest Oehlenschlager, aged 17, a machinist, was killed, when lightning struck the factory where he was working. BRAGQON I TOOK Wealthy Clubman Says Motives Were Purely Charitable Toward Them. ADMITS GOING ON JOY RIDES Minneapolis, April 20.—Joseph W. Bragdon, "the Uncle Ned" of the vice investigation, who was called as a witness in his own defense today, branded as false the revolting stories which were told against him oi) the stand yesterday and Thursday. Bragdon sketched briefly the' story of his life, admitted having taken various girls in the case on automo bile rides during the year 1913, and denied emphatically and in detail, the stories of two of those girls that liberties were taken with them on those rides. "It is absolutely false simply dream-stories on their part," was his characterization of their statements A Philanthropist. Bragdon testified that he had all his life taken an active interest in charitable work especially in the in terest of juveniles, and he had inno cently taken young girls riding in his car. Through the principal witness for the state, known as Marjorie, he met two girls, known as Irene and Ellen. He was introduced to them as "Uncle Ned." hut denied that he had ever adopted any nieces. Denies Bella's Story. He admitted taking the three girls to a carnival on Lake street in May, 19111, and also admitted taking them to the vicinty of Minnehaha Falls in August, 1913. He flatly denied the story of Delia, a 12-year-old witness for the state, who said that', while on the Minnehaha trip, Bragdon had left the automobile standing by the road side, and carrying a blanket had tak en the two older girls, one at a time, into the woods, some distance from the car, and remained there som considerable time. Admits Going to Woods. Bragdon said that, alone, he had gone into the woods a short distance from the car. While he was gone no less than eight automobiles passed his machine, which was standing by the side of the road. When he re turned, the girls were engaged in picking flowers. He said that on all his trips with the girls, nothing of a questionable nature had occurred. The state's lirst big coup in the trial of Joseph W. Bragdon, charged with an offense against a young girl, was sprung in District Judge Joseph W. Molyneaux's court late today when a 13-year-old girl was sum moned as a witness to identify the defendant as the 'Uncle Ned" who drove her and two other girls to Medi cine lake in the early summer of 1913. One of the other girls was Mar jorie, the state's principal witness, who has accused Bragdon of an of fense against her on an automobile trip to Minnehaha falls and has also testified that a similar offense was committed by the defendant on the Medicine lake ride. Was 10 at Time of Alleged Trip. Delia, the 13-year-old for whom a subpena was issued today, was only 10 years old at the time of the trip She was expected by the state to testify she had gone to Medicine lake with a man known to her as 'Uncle Ned," accompanied by Marjorie and Irene, another witness. The state does not contend that any impro priety toward her took place. The state's decision to call Delia as a witness followed a dramatic inci dent that occurred in Judge Moly neaux's courtroom late yesterday, un known to judge, jury, defense attor neys or spectators. Delia was quietly brought into the courtroom by a private detective. Un obtrusively she took a seat a few feet from the defense table. 'Do you see him anywhere?" whis pered the detective. The child unhesitatingly pointed at the defendant. She was immediately hurried from the room. Delia, mentioned by Marjorie in her original story to the grand jury, was not found by the state until yester day. On direct examination late yester day she had told of trips to Medicine (Continued on Page Two) THIRTY-SIXTH TEAR, NO. 90 (NEWS OF THE WORLD) BISMARCK, NORTH D^tOTA, FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 21, 1916. AT Concentration cf Troops of De Facto Government Near Parral. ADDITIONAL REPORTS FROM PERSHING EXPECTED Secretary Suggested Sending General Scott to Mexican Border. San Antonio, Texas, April 20.—• While Major General Hugh iScot.t, chief of stall', is hurrying to the bor der as the personal envoy of Secre tary of War Baker, General .Pershing is holding his forces in Mexico in what practically is a defensive posi ion. No developments ol' great iin prtance were told of in reports re ceived today at General Funston's headquarters, and it was evident that the pursuit of Villa had been halted. Unofficial reports were that Vila had made his way south into Durango, al though official '.Mexican advices con inued to indicate that officials at the war department, in 'Mexico City still «ive some credit, at least, to the sto ry that, the bandit chieftain had died at. some point south of Cusiuhirachic. Amplify German Trouble. On Monday the Chihuahua city newspapers printed dispatches sup posed to have come from Juarez, stating President Wilson was about to deliver an ultimatum to Germany and war would be declared within a week. This information was brought here from Chihuahua by Americans returning from Chihuahua City. The arrivals said the news of a crisis pending between Germany and the United States was common talk in Chihuahua City on Sunday, 48 hours before the facts were made public in this country. On Monday, an American who visited Guirrez was greeted with this remark: "Well, I suppose the (Mexican situ ation has becoiiftv of ranior import ance now that the United States is going to war with Germany." Mexicans Keep Informed. The Americans who returned here said the Mexicans were being kept fully acquainted with every step in the negotiations between Berlin and Washington through an official agen cy in Mexico City and they knew more about the crisis between the United States and Germany than tlley did about the pursuit of Villa. Drive Americans Out. Major J. M. Carpio, of General Ob regon's staff, who is spending his honeymoon here, issued a statement tonight denying the reported story that General Obregon is hostile to the United States. The last of these stories, and one which received widt credence, was that the Carranza min- IContinued qo Page Two) H. Y. LEG WE In Its Closing Hours, Passed Resolution to Stand by Administration. Albany, N. Y„ April 20.—The re publican legislature of New York in the closing hours of the 14 16 session tonight adopted a resolution placing its unqualified support to President Wilson and congress in any action necessary to maintain the nation's lioor and its willingness to support Governor Whitman "in any exercise for that purpose of any resources of the state." MARINES TO PROTECT LI WIRELm STATION Sixteen Sea Soldiers Encamp Near Sayville, Long Island. Sayville, L. I., April 20.—Sixteen United States marines from the Long Island navy yard arrived here this afternoon and marched out to the wireless station of the Atlantic Com munication compal about 'a mile from the village, where they will be stationed. The wireless plant was erected by the Teleunken company, a German organization, but when the question of neutrality arose, the plant was taken over by the Atlantic Com munication company. In Navy's Charge. Officers of the navy have been in charge of the plant for many months to see that no violations of neutrality occurred. No information was ob tainable in regard to the orders sued to the marines. is SAY REPORTS Several Transports Land at Mar seilles by Mediterranean Route. GERMANS WITHDRAW TROOP# FROM EAST Turks Are jBefmg Pressed Very Hard by the Slavs in Mesopotamia. London, April 20.--The arrival in France of a large?-number of Rus sian troops to'reinforce the western battle line has brought joy to the al lied countries, where ii in thought with I hem lighting shoulder to shoul der at different, .points with the French, British and Belgians, a dif ferent change may develop shortly. Mow many Russians have been sent across the sea by JOmperor Nicholas is not known, but is described as "a great flotilla of transports, arrived in the harbor of 'Marseilles, and almost immediately, afterward landed the forces, amid the cheering of the pop ulace and, the French troops gathered to greet them. Salutes were fired from shore batteries. General Joffre, the French commander-in-chief, in welcoming the .Russians, said the' were soldiers chosen from the brav est in the Russian armies and com manded by officers of the highest re nown. Coincidental with llie arrival of the Russians, comes the statement from Paris that the Germans, owing to the strong resistance of the French at Verdun, are withdrawing large forces from Russia, Serbia and Mace donia and throwing them into this hotly contested theatre. iHere, the French, according to the latest offi cial communications, have delivered an attack near i'amort Homme, northwest of VejjdlriV and succeeded in driving the Germans out of por tions of a trench previously captured by them. The Germans admit, the en try by the French of German trench es in the Caillette Wood, west of Ve tux, after a heavy French attack, but say that otherwise the attack was repulsed with heavy attacks. Ocupy British Positions. Around Ypres, the Germans, ac cording to Berlin, attacked and occu pied 6,000 metres of (British positions. The British official reports concede a German gain here, but. says that ex cept two craters and one trench, near St. 'Kloix, and on the Ypres-Lange marck road, the Germans were ep pelled from all the positions they cap tured. In Asiatic Turkey, the Russians are giving no rest to the Turks. The.v now have dislodged tlieni from the mountain passes south of Hit lis, and pushed forward their forces toward Sgherl, which lies !Mi miles east of Diarbekr, their objective in the oper ations which seel to cut off communi cation between the northern and southern Turkish army. Heavy fightinK continues in the Tehoruk region, where the 'Russians are pressing forward in their attempt to capture Baiburl and come into con tact with their army now occupying Trebizond. The Russian troops were given an tremendous ovation as they marched from the Quay to Boulevard Maritime, where flags were Hying and vast crowds had assembled. They pre sented a sturdy appearance as they swung along, waving their hands in answer to the enthusiastic cheering of the populace. The men were marched to a camp which had been previously prepared for their recep tion, and which contains every con venience for camp life. One of the happiest greetings they received was the appearance of a daily Russian newspaper Avhich has been started for their benefit of the first news that Trebizond had been captured by their brother soldiers in the east. Among other preparations for the Russians, is a Russian church, simi lar to the Orthodox church in Paris. Throughout the afternoon, great crowds surrounded the camps and kept up a continuous demonstration of enthusiasm. SM COIIIIIEE10IEET No Action on the Senatorship or Gubernatorial Office Will Be Taken. F-argo, April 20.—The democratic state central committee, which meets here tomorrow, will not take any ac tion with respect to the United States senatorship, nor the governorship. Positive statements to that effect were made by prominent democrats tonight, who arrived for the session, 'fhe committee will arrange to fill a complete ticket where there are no candidates in the field. kivfr -'J.,, •jl. •&, Atlr,- TRY TO District Attorney Marshall to Confer With the State Department HAD NO OFFICIAL POSITION AT TIME Offense Was Committed Before He Had Any Connection With German Embassy. New York, April 20. Notwithstand ing the (German ambassador's de mands for the relief of Rolffe von Igle and the return of papers seized at the time of his arrest in the former office here of Capt. von Papen, re called German military attache, Unit ed States Attorney Snowden Mar shall reiterated tonight his determin ation to retain not only von Igle, but. the documents. Although Mr. Marshall refused to reveal the basis for his firm stand, it was learned from other federal officers that he was prepared to fur nish the state department with evi dence to prove that the lease for the von 'Papen offices, the point upon which the entire controversy hinges, was drawn in the name of von Igle. Von Igle, the United States attor ney contends, was not a member of Ambassador von Bernstorff's official family until Decemb.gr,. 1'9|5, and he doubts whether he can TW. classified as a member even after that period. The leases for the offices, the feder al officers state, were made out by von Igle at the time he had no of ficial connection with the German embassy. Mr. Marshall said he had turned the inquiry on this point over to Capt. William B. Offley, of the de partment. of justice, who conducted the investigation which resulted in the indictment of Capt. von Papen, von Igle and three others on the charge of conspiring to blow up the W'elland canal. RED RIVER VALLEY Thirty Six Hours the Storm Center Has Hung Over East ern North Dakota. Fargo, April 20.— Ituin is still fall ing in this section tonight, though not so heavily as during the preceding lit! hours. The rain belt: covers most of western Minnesota, also. Practically no wheat seeding has been done in the southern end of the tied river val ley. The only instance of any exten sive seeding, so far reported, is in Dickey county, where about twenty percent of operations are complete, according lo H. H. Perry of Ellendaie, who was in Fargo tonight. THE WEATHER. For North Dakota: Fair Fri day and Saturday rising tem perature. $ $ «8 J» $ & «8 NATION AWAITS REPLY Fl TO PRESIDENT WILSON'S FINAL WORD IN Washington, April manders. Washington, April 20.—William Jennings Bryan, former secretary of state, who resigned because he thought the president's policy in the Lusitania case would lead to war, came to Washington today. "I was on my way to New Orleans to deliver an address," he said, "when the news reached me that a crisis In the submarine controversy with Ger many had ar sen. I cancelled all en gagements ind hurried to Washing ton, not with any definite plan, but in the hope that 1 could be of some as sistance in preserving peace. "I am hoping for two things in this present grave situation—first, that Germany will accede, to the positions of the United States, second, that if she does not, diplomatic relations will continue with a view to reaching an amicable settlement of the trouble. "We must remember that there is nothing final between friends. A rup ture between this country and Ger many would indeed be unfortunate. If lliis dispute should end in war, it would be unspeakable. "We are going to work to preserve peace, if possible. Our plans are ten tative, and I cannot discuss them at this time. "The responsibility for declaring war is upon congress, not. upon the president," said Mr. Bryan tonight, "and it. is fair to assume that when the duty of acting falls upon con gress,, the president will be willing to refrain from embarrassing congress, as he was anxious that, he should not be embarrassed." Mr. Bryan declared if. would be a crime for the United States to enter the present war in any circumstances, lie insisted that harm done Germany by any of the belligerents had been incident to their war in which the United States was not. interested. It was a false diplomacy, he declar ed, that was leading this country to ward war, and militarists and muni tion manufacturers were responsible for it. Nebraska Primaries Appear to Have Shelved the Peerless Leader, William J. Bryan Omaha, iNeb.. April 20.—iReturns on Tuesday's preferential primary from more than a third of the precincts of the state leave three of the major contests in doubt. These are the nomination for governor on the re publican ticket, whether William Jen nings Bryan has been defeated for delegate at large to the democratic national convention and the probable four victors in the contests for dele gates at large to the republican con vention. The latest returns place Eryan sixth on the list of delegates, with seven candidates, four of whom will he elected. Vote for Presidential Electors Indicates That He Is Sixth on the List, With Only Four to Be Elected. A Brother Loses Gubernatorial Nomination. Hitchcock Renominated. Senator Hitchcock has been renom inated for United States senator on the democratic ticket, and John L. Kennedy will be his republican op ponent. Keith Neville has a lead of nearly 10,000 in his contest with .W. Bry an, brother of the former secretary of state, for the democratic nomina tion for governor. Mr. 'Bryan ran on a "dry" platform.. Hughes Third. The latest returns give iHenry Pord a lead of 1,000 over Cummins, for the republican presidential nomination. Hughes is third. His name was writ ten in by the voters .who favored him. (BY ASSOCIATED PRESS) rxvi CENTS Von Bernstorff Has a Long Conference. With Secretary Lansing and Expresses! Hope That the Crisis Will Be Passed Safely. NO WORD IS RECEIVED FROM AMBASSADOR GERARD lJI).—"While the 1 (Jormany's reply to Iho United Stales note, demanding inoni, of present methods oi: submarine warfare, one sources of concern here is the possibility of another peaceful ship, carrying Americans, before the Berlin lias determined upon its course. In such an event, an immediate rupture could he avoided only by proof many had been unable 1o communicate with her BRYAN ON JOB TO KEEP THIS NATIONAT PEACE Commoner Rushes to Washington to Lay Plans for Vigorous Campaign. UP TO CONGRESS TO DECLARE WAR pajgn.. ... A'I United States waits fo* abandon-* of the chief attack on a government it is admitted In explaining the demands of the United States today, officials said that while abandonment of the present il legal methods at once was essentia! to continuance of diplomatic rela tions, the United States must agree to German submarines operating un* der strict restrictions of cruiser war fare. It was reiterated emphatically, however, that a discussion of that phase would not be entered into un til the present campaign was brought to a stop. The Mediterranean plan ot warfare, us announced in the German memo randum of January 7, to the United States has not worked satisfactorily, administration officials consider. Count von Bernstorff, the German ambassador, is understood to have suggested to his government that it issue a new declaration applyinig to all submarine operations similar to that covering the 'Mediterranean cam- .. Has Conferejnsjb Th^tmibaesador-called at the state department today and had a 25-minute conference with 'Mr. Lansing. IMr. Lansing listened with much interest to the suggestions made .by Count von Bernstorff, which he understood the ambassador was ready to make to his own government in guidance/of their framing a reply to the American note. The secretary was not dispos ed, however, to accept the views of the ambassador as being official. He was described authoritatively as 'be ing inclined to regard thm ae the ambassador's own opinion and infor mative of the latter's desire to pre vent a break between his country and the United States. As a result of his conference. Count von Bernstorff sent another commun* ication to his government tonight. It. was made clear at the German embassy later that the ambassador did not expect to call upon Secretary Lansing again until after his govern ment had made formal reply to the American note. Just how long the tlnited States is willing to wait for the German re ply has not been disclosed. All offi cials agree that a "reasonable time" will be allowed. Press dispatches announcing that the note had at rived in Berlin were read with much interest, but official word of the delivery of the communi cation had not been received from Ambassador Gerard. Flooded With Telegrams. Washington was flooded with tele grams during the day. Great num* hers arriving at the White House con* gratulated President Wilson for his stand. Congressmen, representing districts with large German popula tions, received hundreds of messages from individuals and ..protesting against any action by congress whtcji might lead to war between Germany and the United States. Senators and members of the house were reluctant to enter in to any discussion. The ad* dress read by President Wilson yes* terday reposes in the respective com mittees dealing with foreign affairs. RURAL GSDIIS Hit It Would Establish Twelve Refion* al Land Mortgage Banks in U.S. Washington, April 20.—A bill to establish 12 regional land mortgage banks as part of the administration'* rural credit legislation program, was. perfected today by the house banking '. committee and will lie urged for. pas* sage next week by house leaden. The proposed banks woold duke loans on lands through natfatel tsnft loan associations. Stdck would hm taken by the federal tmtUTr bat under an amendment adopted bf the committee today no ptinut #i»M be made on such stock mtil flM laak in question had received appBcattam for loans from at least tea ciations. ..V *r'^' :i that Ger submarine com* -1 Lv?