Newspaper Page Text
tit r\ The Weather PARTLY CLOUDY THIRTY-SIXTH YEAR, NO.<p></p>GERMANS MANOAN VOTERS GIVE PIKCHOT CREAIPON Conservationist Thrusts Facts Home With Force in Tel ling Address PRES. WILSON HAD NO BACKBONE SAYS SPEAKER Flays Executive for His Part in Passage of Celebrated Ad amson Measure By STAFF CORRtSPONDENT. Mandan, Oct. 21.—Gifford Pinchot, renowned in the United States as the great conservationist, delivered a tell ing address before a large audience of Mandan voters tonight. Mr. Pinchot's remarks were sent home with force and he was given a great ovation by the enthusiastic crowd in attendance. He said in part: "It is true that we have spent be tween one and two hundred million dollars in warlike expeditions into Mexico, that more of our citizens have been killed in Mexico than were killed in the Spanish American war, and during Wilson's term in the White House we have always been on the verge of trouble and have skidded from one crisis into the next. "It. is true that citizens have been murdered with impugnity and we have been bluffed into eating our words la the sight of the old world. "It is true that we have lost the re spect of all the great nations of Eur ope and are left to face the coming readjustment of* international. .xeUfc tions without friendship of a single one of the countries which will control. Wilton Had no .Backbone. "It is true that all this happened to us because the Wilson administration displayed its colors and did not mean what it said. It is true that Wilson kept us out of war and saved our self respect in the. Venezulea incident, and that Roosevelt did the same when the Germans threatened the Monroe doc trine in Central America. It is true, that an administration with courage and common sense and a habit of meaning what it said would have kept us out of war, far more than Wilson— for we have actually been at war with Mexico—and would not have lost the place of influence and consideration which Cleveland and Wilson maintain. All this is true, but still they say 'Thank God for Wilson, he kept us out of war.'" Dad Semple And His Nephew. "It reminds me of the story of Dad Semple, and his nephew. Ned kept, his store at a country cross-roads in the middlewest. He came out of the door one day with a pail of lard in his hand and his eye lit on the lad. 'See here, lad, said he. 'run down with this to your Aunt Marie. She wants this before she starts to get dinner. It won't take you a minute.' 'Alright Dad, I will if you will let me drive your auto.' 'It's too nearby, said Dad, and anywa\ how do I know you can drive the car.' 'Sure, I can,' said Ned. 'Let me show you.' 'Well, said Dad, 'your Aunt's in a hurry and I will take a chance: jump in.' So Ned jumped into Dad's car, stepped on the self starter, threw off the brake, threw in the clutch and the car start ed and jumped across the road, scrap ed Dad, who just managed to jump away, and grazed the path to the wat ering trough on the other side of the road. Ned gave the steering wheel a twitch, shot back again, almost ran down Dad's old black cow and punc tured his tire on an old nail in the grass. By this time he forgot to let go he hung to ihe wheel and yanked it again: the car headed for a ditch, crossed the road and crumpled a mud guard against the telephone pole, got away from Ned and just managed to wiggle over the bridge, leaving a track behind him like a black snake in the sand. Once across the bridge, he scared chickens into hysterics and was scared about as badly when he saw a team ahead. In that in stant, he remembered the emergency break, and threw it on and came to a stop in front of Aunt Maria's gate. Ned was pale and breathing heavily, but not for long. As his aunt came out to the road, she heard him say in a tone in which relief and pride were mingled: 'Can I drive the car? Well, say, I'll bet there isn't another boy in Mandan that could have slipped as many chances for trouble in the same length of road.' What Happened to Ned? "When Dad Semple, in haste and in dignation arrived from the store, did he throw up his hands and breath? •Thank God, for Ned, he kept my car out of trouble? Hardly. What he did say, he got his car back safe, to abuse himself for letting Ned have it and to tell his nephew precisely what luontinued on fa*« Two» 266 U. S. TO 1 CITIES SOLVE PROBLEM Of "THE BABY THAT HAS Nil HIE!" By F. M. KERBY. Washington, Oct. 21.—Uncle Sam is now ready to help cities solve the age-old problem of the 15aby That Has No Name by fur nishing any and every city in the country a carefully prepared schedule, the use of which in record keeping will aid in securing that uniformity of rec ords which is essen tial to any study of the question. The problem of the illegitimate child HELEN -SUMNER has stared civiliza tion in the face for all ages. Nobody has known much about it. Nobody knows how many fatherless babies there are, nobody knows how much society has to pay for the problem of illegitimacy. "The trouble about securing infor mation about illegitimate children,"' said Miss Helen L. Sumner, assistant chief of the children's bureau in charge of the work, "is that inquirers usually try to find out too much that is, more than it is practicable to se secure accurately in any inquiry of this character. "The schedule we have prepared and which we will furnish to any city authorities is designed to secure tho information which it is possible to se cure and which is necessary for an intelligent study of the problem.'' The children's bureau has been for more than a year engaged in a detail ed study of the problem of illegit imacy in one of the big 'American cities. The data have been collected from the records of institutions and organizations which deal with ille gitimate children, and when the re sults of the study are tabulated, many new and interesting facts about tho relation of illegitimacy to other prob lems,- such, as dependency, .and: nien tal defectiveness, are expected. "Our aim in making the study," said Miss Sumner, "has been, first, to And out how many of the children who are cared for by the organiza tions and institutions of the city in question are illegitimate. "Have you gone to the mothers themselves to get this information,' I asked. "Not at all," said Miss Sumner, "Wie have made no attempt to inter view individual mothers, and we will not publish any information which will betray in any way the identity of any individual mother or child." TEDDY HOB MM, 12. Campaigner Declares Wilson Speaks Bombasticly and Wields a Dishrag Phoenix, Ariz., Oct. 21.—Theodore Roosevelt reached his westernmost point in his campaign today in which he assailed the administration and re peated his recent declaration that "when 1 was president, I spoke softly and carried a big stick President. Wilson speaks bombastically and wields a dishrag." The merchants here closed their stores during the address and towns along the route from daylight until he reached Phoenix at noon turned out at the stations. JOSEPH GAGNEH IS CALLEDJY DEATH Was Prominent Farmer of the Stewartsdale Dist rict Joseph Gagner, aged 72 years, died Saturday morning at 9:30 in the fam ily home in Ninth street, after a long illness. Mr. Gagner was one of the most prominently known farmers In the Stewartsdale district, having lo cated there .'52 years ago. For the last year he had retired from work and had lived in the city, where for the last six years he had spent the win ters. Mr. Gagner was born in Montreal, Canada, and spent the early part of his life there. In 1870 he was united in marirage to Miss Jennie Conlin in Minneapolis, who still survives. Four children also survive: Mrs. Anna Fairchild, Sandbury, Conn. William, Stewartsdale Louis, McKenzie Mrs. C. W. Hensler, of the city. Arrangements for the funeral will be announced upon the arrival of Mrs. Fairchild from her eastern home. FIVE SHIPS SUNK EIGHT LIVES LOST London, Oct. 21.—The sinking of five steamships, two British and three of neutral nationality, with the loss of at least eight lives, it announced by Lloyds. VIENNA EDITOR Austrian Premier Is Killed While at Dinner by Editor Ad ler THREE BULLETS ARE LODGED IN BRAIN Dispatches Claim No Motive Is Known for Cruel and Sav age Deed Berlin, via wireless to Sayville, Oct. 21.—Count Carl Stuergkb, Austrian premier, was shot and killed today while at dinner, by the editor of a Vienna newspaper named Adler, says the Overseas News agency. Three Bullets Take. Effect, Paris, Oct. 21.—Premier Stuergkh was shot while dining in the hotel Meiss and Schaden in the Gartner Strasse. Three bullets from Adler's revolver lodged in Count Stuergkh's head, killing him instantly. Motive Is Mystery. London, Oct. 21.—Nothing is yet known as to the motive for the assas sination of Stuergkh, says a Central News dispatch from Amsterdam. Em peror Francis Joser was informed im mediately of the dea^i of the premier and was affected deeply. A special meeting of the Austrian cabinet was held during the afternoon. Special editions were issued in Vien na and Budapest, the dispatch adds, announcing the murder as "tremen dous and sensational." NEPHEW OF ALLEN OF KENTUCKY FAME GOES TO N. 0. PEN Jamestown, N. D., Oct. 21 Leslie Allen, a nephew of the Allen brothers, who shot up a courtroom and the judge in Kentucky several years ago, was sentenced to the state peniten tiary by Judge J. A. Coffey of this city. Allen drew two years from Foster county for thefts of hardware near McHenry. He pleaded guilty to the charge. NEGRO Lllffl) BY I0B OF WHITE IEN Angry Crowd Takes Colored Victim From Jail and String Him Ut Abelville, S. C„ Oct. 21.—Anthony Crawford, a negro, was taken from jail, and lynched by a mob here to day. He had been arrested after striking and probably injuring one of a crew of white men, who had under taken to whip the negro this morning for abusing a white merchant. E Minot, N. D., Oct. 21.—The board of directors of the association of com merce at, their meeting last night passed a resolution endorsing the pro posed state normal school at Dickin son and urging the people of the city to vote in favor of the constitutional amendment creating the same and completing the last stages of the legis lation necessary to start the new in stitution on its way. The resolution adopted reads as follows: "Resolved, That the Minot Associa tion of Commerce endorse the move ment for a normal school at Dickin son, North Dakota, and in the spirit of Ifairness urge Minot citizens to work and boost for a constitutional amendment to that effect on Novem ber 7, 1916. (NEWS OF THE WORLD) BISMARCK, NORTH DAKOTA, SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 22, 1916.<p></p>BALKAN PROBLEMS 1 BUSSED Elizabeth Kelley Gives Fair Sex Pointers for Maintaining Health COUNTRY BEST PLACE TO BRING UP CHILDREN Says Farm Woman Is an Indis pensable Part of Country Establishment Milwaukee, Wis., Oct. 21.—Home problems of the rural woman in rela tion to the health of her family were discussed by Elizabeth Kelley of the University of Wisconsin at the ses sion on Rural Communities at the sev enth annual meeting of the American Association For Study and Prevention of Infant Mortality at Milwaukee to day. She called attention to the fact that though the country is the best place from the standpoint of health, in which to bring up children, it is clearly shown by the mortality rec ords that the death rate among in fants from birth to one year is great er in the country than it is in many large cities. "This," she said, "is mainly due to three causes: Poor grade of country doctors, lack of nurses and lack of domestic help. The farm woman is an indispensable part of the farm eatabMshmaiit." The lome Id &ie only commissary department on the farm. When the farm woman Is incapacitat ed the running order of the farm plant breaks down at its most important point. It naturally follows that the farm wife feels she must be absent from her post not more than three or four days at the time of childbirth. Wlien she resumes her household du ties after this absence she finds so much to be done that she works be yond her strength and lessens the supply of milk so that it becomes necessary to artificially feed the child partly or wholly. "The remedy for the first two causes—namely, poor physicians and lack of nurses, lies with the medical profession, but the last, teaching the mother how to care for herself before and after childbirth, is the province of Home Economics. "The farm woman can no more rem edy the lack of domestic help than the farmer can remedy the lack of 'hands' on the farm. Like him, she must turn to power machinery to solve her problems. The husband has the seeder, the planter, the cul tivator, the mower, the reaper, all run by power, so the wife must have, first, running water in the house, then the bread mixer, the dishwasher, the meat grinder, the washing ma chine, the vacuum cleaner. She must learn to make machinery, guided by her brains, do the work that a doezn human hands cannot do. She must learn that it is her patriotic duty to give to the state, strong, healthy boys and girls and to do this she must know the laws of life and health and home-making." HUB LEADS IN STRAW VOTE Just as a feeler, the Tribune sent out 100 post cards and printed a straw vote in its columns. Up to last eve ning 70 ballots had been received. The results are as follows: Hughes, 39. Wilson, 25. Benson, 6. C. C. C. Willis of Minot, N. D„ in sending in his vote for Hughes writes: "In complying with your request in expressing my choice for president by this enclosed "Straw Ballot" I may state that I chose Hughes for the reas on that I consider him to be the only safe candidate for that most import ant office. We know what to expect of him, judging from his policies while governor of New York and also while a member of the supreme bench. It is not necessary to state why I am not for Wilson, we have had four years' experience of his wavering pol icy and, I fully believe, the next four years will demand a president with the best of judgment and firmness, both of which Wilson apparently lacks. According to his former ex pressed belief Wilson has no right to be a candidate at this time and the mere fact that he has allowed himself to become such is one of the causes of my opposition." Patlt) tribune. SMASHING DRIVE STRANDED III II Wives of Canadian Soldiers Fol low Husbands to England Tragedies Follow REFUSED PASSPORTS TO RETURN HOME Alone and Penniless in War Rack ed Country Fair Sex Add to War Victims By MARY BOYLE O'REILLY. London, Eng., Oct. 21.—The Canad ian* in England is a long, long way from "home." Thousands of Canadian soldiers' wives have followed their husbands to the Old Country some boats bringing nearly 1,000 of them. Scores of these wanderers find themselves stranded: then tiny tragedies follow: The dominion government gives a grant of (20 a month, and a soldier must,assign his wife half his pay ($15 a month). But when the Ottawa pay master has notice of a wife's departure for England it takes time to transfer the allowance. Hence a poor woman may find herself alone and penniless in a strange land. Mary Smith, a girl wife, left Quebec to be near her husband in England. She reached London and promptly sought his address at Canadian head quarters. There officials soon discov ered the soldier-husband had left for France two hours before his wife's ar rival. That was the first week of the "Big Push." Today- -the ao.'uier 2.J "Missing." Mortgages Furniture to Reach Husband. Anna Jones of Montreal mortgaged the furniture of her little flat to reach London and her wounded husband. Weary and weak with overstrain she found him in a Canadian hospital so feeble from his heavy hurt that he is about to be invalided out of the ser vice. He, as a soldier honorably dis charged, will be sent back to Canada, the government paying his fare. But even the open-handed dominion is not responsible for the passage money of his wandering wife. Julia Deeming, mother of two sol dier sons, gave up her work in Ottawa wishing to be near her boys. She took it for granted that a government allowance could be secured without difficulty. Both boys are in England, training for the artillery. But their mother finds she is not entitled to any official assistance since she was not dependent upon her sons before the war. And, when the tiny tragedy has run its course there arise still other diffi culties in getting home. Nor is lack of money the worst. Passage Papers Refused to Wife. During a dreary hour Magistrate Heddervvick, at North London, had been dealing out police court justice when a trig, little woman stepped to the witness stand. From hat quills to boot vamps she was chic, sensible, tailor-made and utterly un-English. "A passport case," droned the clerk of the court, "this lady asks permis sion to return to Canada." "I sailed for England immediately I heard my husband was wounded," tes tified the applicant. "The report prov ed false. My hushand is fighting in Flanders. Reing a stranger here 1 wish to to go home at once." The magistrate frowned important ly. "Madam. 1 decline to sign docu ments for a stranger. You must get your friends to declare your identity." "I have no friends on this side, sir." "Then ask your physician to vouch for you." "I know none in this country, not having been ill." "Perhaps you may induce a clergy man to interest himself." "Unfortunately I did not attend church here." "Indeed. Well, I take a very serious view of my duty in these cases. I do not know you come from, Canada, therefore 1 cannot sign your applica tion to return." Willing to Hide in Stoke Hole. The little woman visibly braced her self to meet the dilemma. "Then I guess I must find a way home," she exclaimed, tone and phrase patently "colonial." "If need be, I shall slide into a stokehole and lie low till the ship reaches mid-ocean." At the rear of the sordid room a Khaki-clad down Maine woodsman laughed suddenly. When he rose, his six-foot-two of bone and brawn tower ed above the puny, pallid Londoners. "Your honor," he addressed the court with western directness, "There ain't a doubt but^ this lady hails from the dominion. Why don't you look in her hat, at her boots, on her wedding ring? If they ain't marked Montreal I'll bet they came from little old New York, all right." ri'ocps Executive Asserts He Does Hot Expect United States To Get Into War PREPAREDNESS MAIN THEME OF ADDRESS Long Branch, N. J., Oct. 21.—In a speech devoted primarily to a discus sion of the need for economic prepar edness in the United States, Presi dent Wilson told a delegation of farm ers, architects and engineers here to day that he did not expect the United States to get into war. "I know that the way in which we have preserved peace is objected to, and that certain gentlemen say they would have taken some other, that would inevitably have ended in war, but I am not expecting these gentle men to rhake a mess of it." Taking the work done by the ad ministration for the farmers as his text, Mr. Wilson declared: "We want the privilege of repre senting the whole force of the na tion." He demanded that men put through a "third degree" in respect to where they stand with regard to love of the United States and said he was glad the campaign was nearly over, "be cause 1 am in a hurry to get down to business again." "There Is a great deal of irrespon sible talk being indulged in," declared the president, in discussing the cam paign. "Men are saying things they know perfectly well they cannot make good on. and it disturbs the national counsel. On the 7th of November, we will call time." Mr. Wilson said the Democratic party had been trying to take the gov ernment out of the control of small groups and "square it with the coun sel of the whole nation." In detail, he told of work being done to mobilize the industrial re sources of the nation, saying "one of the great lessons of the European war has been that the economic co ordination and co-operation of the country is just as important as the military coordination of it." The occasion of the president's ad dress was the celebration of "Farm ers' Day" at Shadow Lawn, but a delegation of architects and engineers from Sew York, led by a band, came to the West End Railroad station by train and marched to the president's home to hear the address. Farmers from N'ew Jersey and other nearby states came to the celebration, sev eral hundred of them in automobiles. First Appeal For Labor Vote. Washington, Oct. 21.—Organized la bor's first appeal in behalf of the president's re-election was made pub lic today at the headquarters of the American Federation of Labor. It is in the form of a circular to all offi cers of the organization to hold spe cial meetings if necessary to consider the issues of the campaign, and see to it that wage earners go to the polls to protect their interests against Wall Street. The letter is signed by Samuel Gompers, President James O'Connell, (Continued on Page Two) Last Edition (BY ASSOCIATED PRESS) nvi CENTS I CEOTHJIL POWERS HiniNC RUaiilAN UNES III FIERCEST OFFENSIVE OF Von Mackensen Leads Triumphant Forces in Attack Along a Forty Mile Front Making Progress Everywhere. LITTLE OF IMPORTANCE IN OTHER ZONES OF CONFLICT London, Oct. 21.—Ntnkiny hard against the Roumanian lines in Dohnid.ja, Field Marshall has renewed successfully his offensive toward the Tschernavada railroad. Attacking along the 40 mile }'orf»es of tlif ('(Mitral I'owers have made good everywhere. On the Danube, the Allied !lerinan-Bulgarian aiul have forced their way into the Kntente positions Rachova. Along the Black Sea, on the other end was captured and several heights further inland were wnquwred. Several hundred Roumanians and 3.000 Russians were taken pris ers Berlin records. Russian ami Von Mackenseo Constanza* front, the progress almost Turkish south o£ of the line, Tulsft Roumanians Pressed Back. The Roumanians have been pressed back on their center and left wing, Bucharest admits. Petrograd says the Teutonic attack resulted in the loss of the village of Kogardja. Later at* tacks were repulsed. Serbs Continue Advance. In southern Serbia, south of Mon* astir, the Serbians continue to advance against the stubborn resistance of the Bulgarian force. Success for Both 8ides. 1 Fighting continues along the Tran* sylvania-Roumanian border, with sue* cesses for both the Roumanian dud Teutonic troops. The Roumanians have taken several important posi tions along the front, in addition to more than 600 prisoners. In the Bniett valley, south of Kronstadt, however* Bucharest admits the Roumanians have been compelled to withdraw. Counter Attack* on Somme. Violent counter attacks have. taken place on the Somme front, in France, in Galicia and in Volhynia, and in tho Trentino region. British troops have made progress near the Butte-de-Warlencourt and have been repulsed by the Germans in attacks between Eaucourt L'abbaya and Le Saras. Berlin and Petrograd report the repulse of attacks in Gali cia and Volhynia and Berlin claims the capture of Russian positions on the Narayauvka river, in the region of Halicz. On Somme Front. Between the Ancre -river and thtf Pozieres-Bapaume road, on the Som me front, in northern France, British troops, after successfully checking SB offensive movement by the forces of Crown Prince Rupprecht of Bavaria, attacked successfully and pushed for ward from 300 to 500 yards, on a front of 5,000 yards. The advance was mad* between Le Saras and the SchWabett redoubt, which was the scene of thS earlier attack by the Germans. Gen* eral Haig's men captured the Stufl and Regina trenches, advanced poets north and northeast of the Schwsben redoubt and several hundred prison* ers. Are Repulsed. The Germans also attacked strongly! the French positions at Sailly-Saillisell on the Bapaume-Peronne road, ss well as positions between Biacbee and Ll Maisonett near Peronne. The attack* ers were repulsed generally, bttt Paris admits they gained a footing north of Blaisewood. The French succeeded isi an attack further south and gslned possession of a wood north of Chaal* nes. German Crusier Torpedoed. A German cruiser ot the Kolberg class was torpedoed by a British sab* marine in the Nortb sea last Thure* day. The cruiser remained afloat, ah though apparently damaged severely* HUGHES IS FAVORITE III ElEGTIOR MOB New York, Oct. 21.—Betting on thd presidential election in the Wall street district seems to be on the increase. It was estimated today that between 30,000 and $40,000 was wagetfed b* the curbs commissioners yesterday with large sums of money still beina offered on both President Wilson and Mr. Hughes. No perceptible change was made the quoted odds and the bets mads ranged from 10 to 7 at the opening to 10 to 8 at the close, with Intermediary betting at 10 to 7. Hughes continuing favorite. Shumm of Brooklyn has $30,000 t® bet on Wilson. He wants odds of la to 7, but the best price offered tfo bin was 10 to 8.